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Wave Composition, Propagation, and Polarization of Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence within 0.3 au as Observed by Parker Solar Probe

AuthorZhu, Xingyu; He, Jiansen; Verscharen, Daniel; Duan, Die; Bale, Stuart;
KeywordsAlfv\ en waves; Heliosphere; interplanetary turbulence; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Slow solar wind; Solar Probe Plus

Turbulence, a ubiquitous phenomenon in interplanetary space, is crucial for the energy conversion of space plasma at multiple scales. This work focuses on the propagation, polarization, and wave composition properties of the\ solar\ wind turbulence within 0.3 au, and its variation with heliocentric distance at magnetohydrodynamic scales (from 10 s to 1000 s in the spacecraft frame). We present the probability density function of propagation wavevectors (PDF (k(parallel to),k)) for\ solar\ wind turbulence within 0.3 au for the first time: (1) wavevectors cluster quasi-(anti-)parallel to the local background magnetic field forkd(i) \< 0.02, whered(i)is the ion inertial length; (2) wavevectors shift to quasi-perpendicular directions forkd(i) \> 0.02. Based on our wave composition diagnosis, we find that: the outward/anti-sunward Alfven mode dominates over the whole range of scales and distances, the spectral energy density fraction of the inward/sunward fast mode decreases with distance, and the fractional energy densities of the inward and outward slow mode increase with distance. The outward fast mode and inward Alfven mode represent minority populations throughout the explored range of distances and scales. On average, the degree of anisotropy of the magnetic fluctuations defined with respect to the minimum variation direction decreases with increasing scale, with no trend in distance at any scale. Our results provide comprehensive insight into the scenario of transport and transfer of the\ solar\ wind fluctuations/turbulence in the inner heliosphere.

Year of Publication2020
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Number of PagesL3
Date Published09/2020