PSP Bibliography


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Strong Perpendicular Velocity-space Diffusion in Proton Beams Observed by Parker Solar Probe

AuthorVerniero, J.~L.; Chandran, B.~D.~G.; Larson, D.~E.; Paulson, K.; Alterman, B.~L.; Badman, S.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Bowen, T.~A.; de Wit, Dudok; Kasper, J.~C.; Klein, K.~G.; Lichko, E.; Livi, R.; McManus, M.~D.; Rahmati, A.; Verscharen, D.; Walters, J.; Whittlesey, P.~L.;
KeywordsParker Data Used; 1544; 23; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics
AbstractThe SWEAP instrument suite on Parker Solar Probe (PSP) has detected numerous proton beams associated with coherent, circularly polarized, ion-scale waves observed by PSP s FIELDS instrument suite. Measurements during PSP Encounters 4-8 revealed pronounced complex shapes in the proton velocity distribution functions (VDFs), in which the tip of the beam undergoes strong perpendicular diffusion, resulting in VDF level contours that resemble a hammerhead. We refer to these proton beams, with their attendant hammerhead features, as the ion strahl. We present an example of these observations occurring simultaneously with a 7 hr ion-scale wave storm and show results from a preliminary attempt at quantifying the occurrence of ion- strahl broadening through three-component ion VDF fitting. We also provide a possible explanation of the ion perpendicular scattering based on quasilinear theory and the resonant scattering of beam ions by parallel-propagating, right circularly polarized, fast magnetosonic/whistler waves.
Year of Publication2022
Number of Pages112
Date Publishedjan