A Merged Search-Coil and Fluxgate Magnetometer Data Product for Parker Solar Probe FIELDS
|Author||Bowen, T.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Gruesbeck, J.; Harvey, P.; Jannet, G.; Koval, A.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Sheppard, D.; Szabo, A.;|
|Keywords||Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus|
NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission is currently investigating the local plasma environment of the inner heliosphere (\<0.25 R☉) using both in situ and remote sensing instrumentation. Connecting signatures of microphysical particle heating and acceleration processes to macroscale heliospheric structure requires sensitive measurements of electromagnetic fields over a large range of physical scales. The FIELDS instrument, which provides PSP with in situ measurements of electromagnetic fields of the inner heliosphere and corona, includes a set of three vector magnetometers: two fluxgate magnetometers (MAGs) and a single inductively coupled search-coil magnetometer (SCM). Together, the three FIELDS magnetometers enable measurements of the local magnetic field with a bandwidth ranging from DC to 1 MHz. This manuscript reports on the development of a merged data set combining SCM and MAG (SCaM) measurements, enabling a high fidelity data product with an optimal signal-to-noise ratio. On-ground characterization tests of complex instrumental responses and noise floors are discussed as well as application to the in-flight calibration of FIELDS data. The algorithm used on PSP/FIELDS to merge waveform observations from multiple sensors with optimal signal-to-noise characteristics is presented. In-flight analysis of calibrations and merging algorithm performance demonstrates a timing accuracy to well within the survey rate sample period of \~340 μs.
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Journal||Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics|
|Number of Pages||e27813|