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A Focused Transport-based Kinetic Fractional Diffusion-advection Equation for Energetic Particle Trapping and Reconnection-related Acceleration by Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes in the Solar Wind

Authorle Roux, J.; Zank, G.;
KeywordsInterplanetary particle acceleration; Solar wind; Solar magnetic reconnection; 826; 1534; 1504; Parker Data Used
AbstractAnalysis of energetic particle inner heliospheric spacecraft data increasingly suggests the existence of anomalous diffusion phenomena that should be addressed to achieve a better understanding of energetic particle transport and acceleration in the expanding solar wind medium. Related to this is fast-growing observational evidence supporting the long-standing prediction from magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) theory and simulations of the presence of an inner heliospheric, dominant quasi-two-dimensional MHD turbulence component that contains coherent contracting and merging (reconnecting) small-scale magnetic flux rope (SMFR) structures. This suggests that energetic particle trapping in SMFRs should play a role in anomalous diffusion in the solar wind that warrants further investigation. However, progress in studying such anomalous energetic particle transport phenomena in the solar wind is hampered by the lack of a fundamental derivation of a general fractional kinetic transport equation linking macroscopic energetic particle fractional transport to the microscopic physics of energetic particle interaction with SMFR structures. Here, we outline details of how one can derive a closed ensemble-averaged focused transport equation in the form of a general kinetic fractional diffusion-advection equation from first principles following the nonlinear Eulerian correlation function closure approach of Sanchez et al. With this equation one can model the anomalous diffusion of energetic particles in ordinary, momentum, and pitch-angle space in response to particle trapping in numerous SMFRs advected with the solar wind flow.
Year of Publication2021
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Number of Pages84
Date Published06/2021