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Arguments for the physical nature of the triggered ion-acoustic waves observed on the Parker Solar Probe

AuthorMozer, Forrest; Bale, Stuart; Kellogg, Paul; Romeo, Orlando; Vasko, Ivan; Verniero, Jaye;
KeywordsParker Data Used; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
AbstractTriggered ion-acoustic waves are a pair of coupled waves observed in the previously unexplored plasma regime near the Sun. They may be capable of producing important effects on the solar wind. Because this wave mode has not been observed or studied previously and it is not fully understood, the issue of whether it has a natural origin or is an instrumental artifact can be raised. This paper discusses this issue by examining 13 features of the data such as whether the triggered ion-acoustic waves are electrostatic, whether they are both narrow-band, whether they satisfy the requirement that the electric field is parallel to the k-vector, whether the phase difference between the electric field and the density fluctuations is 90\textdegree, whether the two waves have the same phase velocity as they must if they are coupled, whether the phase velocity is that of an ion- acoustic wave, whether they are associated with other parameters such as electron heating, whether the electric field instrument otherwise performed as expected, etc. The conclusion reached from these analyses is that triggered ion-acoustic waves are highly likely to have a natural origin although the possibility that they are artifacts unrelated to processes occurring in the natural plasma cannot be eliminated. This inability to absolutely rule out artifacts as the source of a measured result is a characteristic of all measurements.
Year of Publication2023
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Number of Pages062111
Date Publishedjun