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A statistical study of the compressible energy cascade rate in solar wind turbulence: Parker solar probe observations

AuthorBrodiano, M.; Dmitruk, P.; es, Andr\;
KeywordsParker Data Used; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics
AbstractWe investigated incompressible and compressible magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) energy cascade rates in the solar wind at different heliocentric distances. We used in situ magnetic field and plasma observations provided by the Parker Solar Probe mission and exact relations in fully developed turbulence. To estimate the compressible cascade rate, we applied two recent exact relations for compressible isothermal and polytropic MHD turbulence, respectively. Our observational results show a clear increase in the absolute value of the compressible and incompressible cascade rates as we get closer to the Sun. Moreover, we obtained an increase in both isothermal and polytropic cascade rates with respect to the incompressible case as compressibility increases in the plasma. Further discussion about the relation between the compressibility and the heliocentric distance is carried out. Furthermore, we compared both exact relations as compressibility increases in the solar wind, and although we note a slight trend to observe larger cascades using a polytropic closure, we obtained essentially the same cascade rate in the range of compressibility observed. Finally, we investigated the signed incompressible and compressible energy cascade rates and its connection with the real cascade rate.
Year of Publication2023
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Number of Pages032903
Date Publishedmar