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First polar observations of the fast solar wind with the Metis - Solar Orbiter coronagraph: Role of 2D turbulence energy dissipation in the wind acceleration

AuthorTelloni, D.; Antonucci, E.; Adhikari, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Giordano, S.; Vai, M.; Zhao, L.; Andretta, V.; Burtovoi, A.; Capuano, G.~E.; Da Deppo, V.; De Leo, Y.; Fineschi, S.; Grimani, C.; Heinzel, P.; Jerse, G.; Landini, F.; Liberatore, A.; Moses, J.~D.; Naletto, G.; Nicolini, G.; Pancrazzi, M.; Romoli, M.; Russano, G.; Sasso, C.; Slemer, A.; Spadaro, D.; Stangalini, M.; Susino, R.; Teriaca, L.; Uslenghi, M.; Sorriso-Valvo, L.; Marino, R.; Perrone, D.; Amicis, R.; Bruno, R.;
KeywordsParker Data Used; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); Sun: corona; Solar wind; Sun: UV radiation
AbstractContext. The fast solar wind is known to emanate from polar coronal holes. \ Aims: This Letter reports the first estimate of the expansion rate of polar coronal flows performed by the Metis coronagraph on board Solar Orbiter. \ Methods: By exploiting simultaneous measurements in polarized white light and ultraviolet intensity of the neutral hydrogen Lyman-\ensuremath\alpha line, it was possible to extend observations of the outflow velocity of the main component of the solar wind from polar coronal holes out to 5.5 R$_\ensuremath\odot$, the limit of diagnostic applicability and observational capabilities. \ Results: We complement the results obtained with analogous polar observations performed with the UltraViolet Coronagraph Spectrometer on board the SOlar and Heliospheric Observatory during the previous full solar activity cycle, and find them to be satisfactorily reproduced by a magnetohydrodynamic turbulence model. \ Conclusions: This suggests that the dissipation of 2D turbulence energy is a viable mechanism for coronal plasma heating and the subsequent acceleration of the fast solar wind.
Year of Publication2023
Number of PagesL18
Date Publishedfeb