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Parker Solar Probe Encounters the Leg of a Coronal Mass Ejection at 14 Solar Radii

AuthorMcComas, D.~J.; Sharma, T.; Christian, E.~R.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Desai, M.~I.; Hill, M.~E.; Khoo, L.~Y.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Pecora, F.; Rankin, J.~S.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Szalay, J.~R.; Shen, M.~M.; Braga, C.~R.; Mostafavi, P.~S.; Bale, S.~D.;
KeywordsParker Data Used; Solar coronal mass ejections; interplanetary magnetic fields; Interplanetary medium; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Solar energetic particles; Solar wind; Solar coronal heating; Solar magnetic flux emergence; 310; 824; 825; 826; 1491; 1534; 1989; 2000
AbstractWe use Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations to report the first direct measurements of the particle and field environments while crossing the leg of a coronal mass ejection (CME) very close to the Sun (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde14 Rs). An analysis that combines imaging from 1 au and PSP with a CME model, predicts an encounter time and duration that correspond to an unusual, complete dropout in low-energy solar energetic ions from H-Fe, observed by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS\ensuremath\odotIS). The surrounding regions are populated with low-intensity protons and heavy ions from 10s to 100 keV, typical of some quiet times close in to the Sun. In contrast, the magnetic field and solar wind plasma show no similarly abrupt changes at the boundaries of the dropout. Together, the IS\ensuremath\odotIS energetic particle observations, combined with remote sensing of the CME and a dearth of other typical CME signatures, indicate that this CME leg is significantly different from the magnetic and plasma structure normally assumed for CMEs near the Sun and observed in interplanetary CMEs farther out in the solar wind. The dropout in low-energy energetic ions may be due to the cooling of suprathermal ions at the base of the CME leg flux tube, owing to the rapid outward expansion during the release of the CME.
Year of Publication2023
Number of Pages71
Date Publishedfeb