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Reconciling Parker Solar Probe Observations and Magnetohydrodynamic Theory

AuthorAlberti, Tommaso; Benella, Simone; Consolini, Giuseppe; Stumpo, Mirko; Benzi, Roberto;
KeywordsParker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Magnetohydrodynamics; interplanetary magnetic fields; 1534; 830; 1964; 824; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Nonlinear Sciences - Chaotic Dynamics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics
AbstractThe Parker Solar Probe mission provides a unique opportunity to characterize several features of the solar wind at different heliocentric distances. Recent findings have shown a transition in the inertial range spectral and scaling properties around 0.4-0.5 au when moving away from the Sun. Here we provide, for the first time, how to reconcile these observational results on the radial evolution of the magnetic and velocity field fluctuations with two scenarios drawn from the magnetohydrodynamic theory. The observed breakdown is the result of the radial evolution of magnetic field fluctuations and plasma thermal expansion affecting the distribution between magnetic and velocity fluctuations. The two scenarios point toward an evolving nature of the coupling between fields that can be also reconciled with Kraichnan and Kolmogorov pictures of turbulence. Our findings have important implications for turbulence studies and modeling approaches.
Year of Publication2022
Number of PagesL13
Date Publishednov