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Observation of a Magnetic Switchback in the Solar Corona

AuthorTelloni, Daniele; Zank, Gary; Stangalini, Marco; Downs, Cooper; Liang, Haoming; Nakanotani, Masaru; Andretta, Vincenzo; Antonucci, Ester; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Adhikari, Laxman; Zhao, Lingling; Marino, Raffaele; Susino, Roberto; Grimani, Catia; Fabi, Michele; Amicis, Raffaella; Perrone, Denise; Bruno, Roberto; Carbone, Francesco; Mancuso, Salvatore; Romoli, Marco; Da Deppo, Vania; Fineschi, Silvano; Heinzel, Petr; Moses, John; Naletto, Giampiero; Nicolini, Gianalfredo; Spadaro, Daniele; Teriaca, Luca; Frassati, Federica; Jerse, Giovanna; Landini, Federico; Pancrazzi, Maurizio; Russano, Giuliana; Sasso, Clementina; Biondo, Ruggero; Burtovoi, Aleksandr; Capuano, Giuseppe; Casini, Chiara; Casti, Marta; Chioetto, Paolo; De Leo, Yara; Giarrusso, Marina; Liberatore, Alessandro; Berghmans, David; Auchère, Fr\; Cuadrado, Regina; Chitta, Lakshmi; Harra, Louise; Kraaikamp, Emil; Long, David; Mandal, Sudip; Parenti, Susanna; Pelouze, Gabriel; Peter, Hardi; Rodriguez, Luciano; Schühle, Udo; Schwanitz, Conrad; Smith, Phil; Verbeeck, Cis; Zhukov, Andrei;
KeywordsParker Data Used; Solar corona; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar magnetic fields; Magnetohydrodynamics; Solar Coronal Waves; Slow solar wind; 1483; 1504; 1503; 1964; 1995; 1873; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
AbstractSwitchbacks are sudden, large radial deflections of the solar wind magnetic field, widely revealed in interplanetary space by the Parker Solar Probe. The switchbacks formation mechanism and sources are still unresolved, although candidate mechanisms include Alfv\ enic turbulence, shear-driven Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities, interchange reconnection, and geometrical effects related to the Parker spiral. This Letter presents observations from the Metis coronagraph on board a Solar Orbiter of a single large propagating S-shaped vortex, interpreted as the first evidence of a switchback in the solar corona. It originated above an active region with the related loop system bounded by open-field regions to the east and west. Observations, modeling, and theory provide strong arguments in favor of the interchange reconnection origin of switchbacks. Metis measurements suggest that the initiation of the switchback may also be an indicator of the origin of slow solar wind.
Year of Publication2022
Number of PagesL25
Date Publishedsep