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Multispacecraft Remote Sensing and In Situ Observations of the 2020 November 29 Coronal Mass Ejection and Associated Shock: From Solar Source to Heliospheric Impacts

AuthorChen, Chong; Liu, Ying; Zhu, Bei;
KeywordsParker Data Used; Interplanetary shocks; Solar wind; Solar coronal mass ejections; 829; 1534; 310; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics
AbstractWe investigate the source eruption, propagation and expansion characteristics, and heliospheric impacts of the 2020 November 29 coronal mass ejection (CME) and associated shock, using remote sensing and in situ observations from multiple spacecraft. A potential-field source-surface model is employed to examine the coronal magnetic fields surrounding the source region. The CME and associated shock are tracked from the early stage to the outer corona using extreme ultraviolet and white light observations. Forward models are applied to determine the structures and kinematics of the CME and the shock near the Sun. The shock shows an ellipsoidal structure, expands in all directions, and encloses the whole Sun as viewed from both SOHO and STEREO A, which results from the large expansion of the CME flux rope and its fast acceleration. The structure and potential impacts of the shock are mainly determined by its radial and lateral expansions. The CME and shock arrive at Parker Solar Probe and STEREO A. Only based on the remote sensing observations, it is difficult to predict whether and when the CME/shock would arrive at the Earth. Combining Wind in situ measurements and Wang-Sheeley-Arge-ENLIL simulation results, we confirm that the far flank of the CME (or the CME leg) arrives at the Earth with no shock signature. These results highlight the importance of multipoint remote sensing and in situ observations for determining the heliospheric impacts of CMEs.
Year of Publication2022
Number of Pages44
Date Publishedsep