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MHD Turbulent Power Anisotropy in the Inner Heliosphere
Author  Adhikari, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.; Telloni, D.; 
Keywords  Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; Slow solar wind; Solar wind; 830; 1873; 1534 
Abstract  We study anisotropic magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in the slow solar wind measured by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Solar Orbiter (SolO) during its first orbit from the perspective of variance anisotropy and correlation anisotropy. We use the Belcher \& Davis approach (M1) and a new method (M2) that decomposes a fluctuating vector into parallel and perpendicular fluctuating vectors. M1 and M2 calculate the transverse and parallel turbulence components relative to the mean magnetic field direction. The parallel turbulence component is regarded as compressible turbulence, and the transverse turbulence component as incompressible turbulence, which can be either Alfv\ enic or 2D. The transverse turbulence energy is calculated from M1 and M2, and the transverse correlation length from M2. We obtain the 2D and slab turbulence energy and the corresponding correlation lengths from those transverse turbulence components that satisfy an angle between the mean solar wind flow speed and mean magnetic field \ensuremath\theta $_UB$ of either (i) 65\textdegree < \ensuremath\theta $_UB$ < 115\textdegree or (ii) 0\textdegree < \ensuremath\theta $_UB$ < 25\textdegree (155\textdegree < \ensuremath\theta $_UB$ < 180\textdegree), respectively. We find that the 2D turbulence component is not typically observed by PSP near perihelion, but the 2D component dominates turbulence in the inner heliosphere. We compare the detailed theoretical results of a nearly incompressible MHD turbulence transport model with the observed results of PSP and SolO measurements, finding good agreement between them. 
Year of Publication  2022 
Journal  \apj 
Volume  933 
Number of Pages  56 
Section  
Date Published  jul 
ISBN  
URL  
DOI  10.3847/15384357/ac70cb 