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Preferential Heating of Protons over Electrons from Coherent Structures during the First Perihelion of the Parker Solar Probe

AuthorSioulas, Nikos; Shi, Chen; Huang, Zesen; Velli, Marco;
KeywordsParker Data Used; Solar wind; Solar coronal heating; interplanetary turbulence; Magnetohydrodynamics; 1534; 1989; 830; 1964; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics
AbstractThe solar wind undergoes significant heating as it propagates away from the Sun; the exact mechanisms responsible for this heating remain unclear. Using data from the first perihelion of the Parker Solar Probe mission, we examine the properties of proton and electron heating occurring within magnetic coherent structures identified by means of the Partial Variance of Increments (PVI) method. Statistically, regions of space with strong gradients in the magnetic field, PVI \ensuremath\geq 1, are associated with strongly enhanced proton but only slightly elevated electron temperatures. Our analysis indicates a heating mechanism in the nascent solar wind environment facilitated by a nonlinear turbulent cascade that preferentially heats protons over electrons.
Year of Publication2022
Number of PagesL29
Date Publishedaug