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Core Electron Heating by Triggered Ion Acoustic Waves in the Solar Wind

AuthorMozer, F.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Cattell, C.~A.; Halekas, J.; Vasko, I.~Y.; Verniero, J.~L.; Kellogg, P.~J.;
KeywordsParker Data Used; Solar corona; Solar wind; 1483; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics
AbstractPerihelion passes on Parker Solar Probe orbits 6-9 have been studied to show that solar wind core electrons emerged from 15 solar radii with a temperature of 55 \ensuremath\pm 5 eV, independent of the solar wind speed, which varied from 300 to 800 km s$^-1$. After leaving 15 solar radii and in the absence of triggered ion acoustic waves at greater distances, the core electron temperature varied with radial distance, R, in solar radii, as 1900R $^-4/3$ eV because of cooling produced by the adiabatic expansion. The coefficient, 1900, reproduces the minimum core electron perpendicular temperature observed during the 25 days of observation. In the presence of triggered ion acoustic waves, the core electrons were isotropically heated as much as a factor of two above the minimum temperature, 1900R $^-4/3$ eV. Triggered ion acoustic waves were the only waves observed in coincidence with the core electron heating. They are the dominant wave mode at frequencies greater than 100 Hz at solar distances between 15 and 30 solar radii.
Year of Publication2022
Number of PagesL15
Date Publishedmar