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Thermal radiative properties of carbon materials under high temperature and vacuum ultra-violet (VUV) radiation for the heat shield of the Solar Probe Plus mission

AuthorBalat-Pichelin, M.; Eck, J.; Sans, J.L.;
KeywordsCarbon material; High temperature; Ion etching; Parker Data Used; Solar Probe Plus; Thermal radiative properties; VUV radiation

The Solar Probe Plus (SP+) mission will approach the Sun as close as 9.5 solar radii in order to understand the origin of the solar corona heating and the acceleration of the solar wind. Submitted to such extreme environmental conditions, a thermal protection system is considered to protect the payload of the SP+ spacecraft. Carbon-based materials are good candidate to fulfill this role and critical point remains the equilibrium temperature reached at perihelion by the heat shield. In this paper, experimental results obtained for the solar absorptivity α, the total hemispherical emissivity ɛ and its ratio α/ɛ, conditioning the equilibrium temperature of the thermal protection system, are presented for different kinds of carbon materials heated at high temperatures with or without vacuum-UV (100\ \<\ λ\ \<\ 200\ nm) radiation. The synergistic effect of ion bombardment is also presented for one kind of material.

Year of Publication2012
JournalApplied Surface Science
Number of Pages2829-2835
Date Published01/2012