PSP Bibliography





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Found 564 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 251 through 300


2020

Statistical analysis of orientation, shape, and size of solar wind switchbacks

Context. One of the main discoveries from the first two orbits of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was the presence of magnetic switchbacks, whose deflections dominated the magnetic field measurements. Determining their shape and size could provide evidence of their origin, which is still unclear. Previous work with a single solar wind stream has indicated that these are long, thin structures although the direction of their major axis could not be determined. \ Aims: We investigate if this long, thin nature extends to other solar wi ...

Laker, R.; Horbury, T.; Bale, S.; Matteini, L.; Woolley, T.; Woodham, L.; Badman, S.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039354"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Dust observations from Parker Solar Probe: Dust ejection from the inner Solar System

Context. The FIELDS instrument onboard Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observes dust impacts on the spacecraft. The derived dust flux rates suggest that the particles originate from the vicinities of the Sun and are ejected by radiation pressure. Radiation pressure typically ejects particles of several 100 nm and smaller, which are also affected by the electromagnetic force. \ Aims: We aim to understand the influence of the electromagnetic force on the dust trajectories and to predict the dust fluxes along the orbit of PSP, within ...

Mann, I.; Czechowski, A.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039362"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Tracking solar wind flows from rapidly varying viewpoints by the Wide-field Imager for Parker Solar Probe

\ Aims: Our goal is to develop methodologies to seamlessly track transient solar wind flows viewed by coronagraphs or heliospheric imagers from rapidly varying viewpoints. \ Methods: We constructed maps of intensity versus time and elongation (J-maps) from Parker Solar Probe (PSP) Wide- field Imager (WISPR) observations during the fourth encounter of PSP. From the J-map, we built an intensity on impact-radius-on- Thomson-surface map (R-map). Finally, we constructed a latitudinal intensity versus time map (Lat-map). Our metho ...

Nindos, A.; Patsourakos, S.; Vourlidas, A.; Liewer, P.C.; Penteado, P.; Hall, J.R.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039414"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Enhanced proton parallel temperature inside patches of switchbacks in the inner heliosphere

Context. Switchbacks are discrete angular deflections in the solar wind magnetic field that have been observed throughout the heliosphere. Recent observations by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) have revealed the presence of patches of switchbacks on the scale of hours to days, separated by quieter radial fields. \ Aims: We aim to further diagnose the origin of these patches using measurements of proton temperature anisotropy that can illuminate possible links to formation processes in the solar corona. \ Methods: We fitted 3D bi- ...

Woodham, L.; Horbury, T.; Matteini, L.; Woolley, T.; Laker, R.; Bale, S.; Nicolaou, G.; Stawarz, J.; Stansby, D.; Hietala, H.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Verniero, J.; McManus, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Raouafi, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039415"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Switchbacks as signatures of magnetic flux ropes generated by interchange reconnection in the corona

The structure of magnetic flux ropes injected into the solar wind during reconnection in the coronal atmosphere is explored with particle-in-cell simulations and compared with in situ measurements of magnetic switchbacks from the Parker Solar Probe. We suggest that multi-x-line reconnection between open and closed flux in the corona injects flux ropes into the solar wind and that these flux ropes convect outward over long distances before eroding due to reconnection. Simulations that explore the magnetic structure of flu ...

Drake, J.; Agapitov, A.; Swisdak, M.; Badman, S.; Bale, S.; Horbury, T.; Kasper, Justin; MacDowall, R.; Mozer, F.; Phan, T.; Pulupa, M.; Szabo, A.; Velli, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039432"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Coronal mass ejections observed by heliospheric imagers at 0.2 and 1 au. The events on April 1 and 2, 2019

Context. We study two coronal mass ejections (CMEs) observed between April 1 to 2, 2019 by both the inner Wide-Field Imager for Parker Solar Probe (WISPR-I) onboard the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft (located between about 46 and 38 solar radii during this period) and the inner heliospheric imager (HI-1) onboard the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Ahead (STEREO-A) spacecraft, orbiting the Sun at about 0.96 au. This is the first study of CME observations from two viewpoints in similar directions but at considerab ...

Braga, C.; Vourlidas, A.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039490"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Identification of coherent structures in space plasmas: The magnetic helicity-PVI method

Context. Plasma turbulence can be viewed as a magnetic landscape populated by large- and small-scale coherent structures. In this complex network, large helical magnetic tubes might be separated by small-scale magnetic reconnection events (current sheets). However, the identification of these magnetic structures in a continuous stream of data has always been a challenging task. \ Aims: Here, we present a method that is able to characterize both the large- and small-scale structures of the turbulent solar wind, based on the c ...

Pecora, F.; Servidio, S.; Greco, A.; Matthaeus, W.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039639"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Evolution of a steamer-blowout CME as observed by imagers on Parker Solar Probe and the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory

Context. On 26-27 January 2020, the Wide-field Imager for Solar Probe on Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed a coronal mass ejection (CME) from a distance of approximately 30 R$_\ensuremath\odot$ as it passed through the instrument s 95\textdegree field-of- view, providing an unprecedented view of the flux rope morphology of the CME s internal structure. The same CME was seen by Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory-Ahead (STEREO-A), beginning on 25 January. \ Aims: Our goal is to understand the origin and determine the traj ...

Liewer, P.; Qiu, J.; Vourlidas, A.; Hall, J.; Penteado, P.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039641"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Sensitivity of solar wind mass flux to coronal temperature

Solar wind models predict that the mass flux carried away from the Sun in the solar wind should be extremely sensitive to the temperature in the corona, where the solar wind is accelerated. We perform a direct test of this prediction in coronal holes and active regions using a combination of in situ and remote sensing observations. For coronal holes, a 50\% increase in temperature from 0.8 to 1.2 MK is associated with a tripling of the coronal mass flux. This trend is maintained within active regions at temperatures over 2 M ...

Stansby, D.; Bercic, L.; Matteini, L.; Owen, C.; French, R.; Baker, D.; Badman, S.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039789"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

A living catalog of stream interaction regions in the Parker Solar Probe era

Stream interaction regions (SIRs) and corotating interaction regions (CIRs) are important phenomena in heliospheric physics. These large-scale structures vary temporally and spatially, both in latitude and with radial distance. The additions of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Solar Orbiter have allowed for investigations into the radial evolution of these structures over a wide range of heliocentric distances for the first time since the Helios era. To better enable investigations of SIRs and CIRs within the inner heliosphere, ...

Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Jian, L.; Vines, S.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Hill, M.; Joyce, C.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Malaspina, D.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Möstl, C.; Odstrcil, D.; Raouafi, N.; Schwadron, N.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039833"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Turbulence Characteristics of Switchback and Nonswitchback Intervals Observed by Parker Solar Probe

We use Parker Solar Probe (PSP) in situ measurements to analyze the characteristics of solar wind turbulence during the first solar encounter covering radial distances between 35.7R and 41.7R. In our analysis we isolate so-called switchback (SB) intervals (folded magnetic field lines) from nonswitchback (NSB) intervals, which mainly follow the Parker spiral field. Using a technique based on conditioned correlation functions, we estimate the power spectra of Elsasser, magnetic, and bulk velocity fields separately in the SB an ...

Bourouaine, Sofiane; Perez, Jean; Klein, Kristopher; Chen, Christopher; Martinovic, Mihailo; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Raouafi, Nour;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS      Published on: 12/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abbd4a

Parker Data Used

Radio Signature of a Distant behind-the-limb CME on 2017 September 6

We discuss properties of a Type IV burst, which was observed on 2017 September 6, as a result of the powerful flare X 9.3. At decameter wavelengths this burst was observed by the radio telescopes STEREO A, URAN-2, and the Nancay Decameter Array at frequencies 5-35 MHz. This moving Type IV burst was associated with a coronal mass ejection (CME) propagating in the southwest direction with a speed of 1570 km s(-1). The maximum radio flux of this burst was about 300 s.f.u. and the polarization was more than 40\%. In the frequenc ...

Melnik, V.; Rucker, H.; Brazhenko, I.; Panchenko, M.; Konovalenko, A.; , Frantsuzenko; Dorovskyy, V.; , Shevchuk;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL      Published on: 12/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abbfb3

Parker Data Used

Bi-directional streaming of particles accelerated at the STEREO-A shock on 2008 March 9

Fraschetti, F.; Giacalone, J.;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: 12/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa3021

Parker Data Used; acceleration of particles; shock waves; turbulence; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulent Evolution of a Magnetic Cloud in the Outer Heliosphere

Telloni, Daniele; Zhao, Lingling; Zank, Gary; Liang, Haoming; Nakanotani, Masaru; Adhikari, Laxman; Carbone, Francesco; Amicis, Raffaella; Perrone, Denise; Bruno, Roberto; Dasso, Sergio;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 12/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abcb03

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; interplanetary turbulence; Solar coronal mass ejections; interplanetary magnetic fields; Heliosphere; Solar wind; Solar magnetic reconnection; 1964; 830; 310; 824; 711; 1534; 1504

Coherent Events at Ion Scales in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe Observations during the First Encounter

The Parker Solar Probe mission has shown the ubiquitous presence of strong magnetic field deflections, namely switchbacks, during its first perihelion where it was embedded in a highly Alfvenic slow stream. Here, we study the turbulent magnetic fluctuations around ion scales in three intervals characterized by a different switchback activity, identified by the behavior of the magnetic field radial component, B-r. Quiet (B-r does not show significant fluctuations), weakly disturbed (B-r has strong fluctuations but no reversal ...

Perrone, Denise; Bruno, Roberto; Amicis, Raffaella; Telloni, Daniele; De Marco, Rossana; Stangalini, Marco; Perri, Silvia; Pezzi, Oreste; Alexandrova, Olga; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL      Published on: 12/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abc480

Parker Data Used

Proton core behaviour inside magnetic field switchbacks

During Parker Solar Probe s first two orbits, there are widespread observations of rapid magnetic field reversals known as switchbacks. These switchbacks are extensively found in the near-Sun solar wind, appear to occur in patches, and have possible links to various phenomena such as magnetic reconnection near the solar surface. As switchbacks are associated with faster plasma flows, we questioned whether they are hotter than the background plasma and whether the microphysics inside a switchback is different to its surroundi ...

Woolley, Thomas; Matteini, Lorenzo; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Woodham, Lloyd; Laker, Ronan; Alterman, Benjamin; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; Kasper, Justin; Klein, Kristopher; Martinovic, Mihailo; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa2770

Parker Data Used

Solar Wind Plasma Particles Organized by the Flow Speed

Recent reports of the first data from Parker Solar Probe (PSP) have pointed to a series of links, correlations or anti-correlations between the solar wind bulk speed (VSW) and physical properties of plasma particles from less than 0.25 AU in the corona. In the present paper, we describe corresponding and additional links of solar wind properties, at 0.4 AU and 1.0 AU, in an attempt to complement the PSP data and understand their evolution. A detailed analysis is carried out for the main electron populations, comparing the lo ...

Pierrard, Viviane; Lazar, Marian; Stverak, Stepan;

Published by: SOLAR PHYSICS      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01730-z

Parker Data Used

Tearing Modes in Partially Ionized Astrophysical Plasma

Pucci, Fulvia; Singh, Alkendra; Tenerani, Anna; Velli, Marco;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abc0e7

Parker Data Used; Solar magnetic reconnection; Plasma astrophysics; Space plasmas; Collision processes; 1504; 1261; 1544; 2065; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Novel aspects of cosmic ray diffusion in synthetic magnetic turbulence

Dundovic, Andrej; Pezzi, Oreste; Blasi, Pasquale; Evoli, Carmelo; Matthaeus, William;

Published by: \prd      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.102.103016

Parker Data Used; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

The interpretation of data from the Parker Solar Probe mission: shear-driven transition to an isotropically turbulent solar wind

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission has been studied since 1958. After many iterations and changes in design, the mission was launched on August 12, 2018 (see, https://www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/parker-solar-probe). PSP has completed its 3rd rendezvous with Venus and 6th perihelion passage. Each flyby brings PSP closer to the Sun (eventually to 9.7 solar radii). In October 2020 it flew within 20 solar radii of the solar surface. A goal of the mission is to determine how the solar corona is heated to ∼ a million degrees. ...

Goldstein, Melvyn; Ruffolo, D.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Chhiber, R.; Usmanov, A.~V.; Yang, Y.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Parashar, T.~N.; DeForest, E.; Wan, M.; Chasapis, A.; Maruca, B.~A.; Velli, M.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: Radiation Effects and Defects in Solids      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1080/10420150.2020.1845690

Parker Data Used

Energy Supply for Heating the Slow Solar Wind Observed by Parker Solar Probe between 0.17 and 0.7 au

Energy supply sources for the heating process in the slow solar wind remain unknown. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission provides a good opportunity to study this issue. Recently, PSP observations have found that the slow solar wind experiences stronger heating inside 0.24 au. Here for the first time we measure in the slow solar wind the radial gradient of the low-frequency breaks on the magnetic trace power spectra and evaluate the associated energy supply rate. We find that the energy supply rate is consistent with the ob ...

Wu, Honghong; Tu, Chuanyi; Wang, Xin; He, Jiansen; Yang, Liping;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abc5b6

Parker Data Used; Slow solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Solar coronal heating

Particle-in-cell Simulation of Whistler Heat-flux Instabilities in the Solar Wind: Heat-flux Regulation and Electron Halo Formation

We present results of a two-dimensional fully kinetic particle-in-cell simulation in order to shed light on the role of whistler waves in the scattering of strahl electrons and in the heat-flux regulation in the solar wind. We model the electron velocity distribution function as initially composed of core and strahl populations as typically encountered in the near-Sun solar wind as observed by Parker Solar Probe. We demonstrate that, as a consequence of the evolution of the electron velocity distribution function (VDF), two ...

Micera, A.; Zhukov, A.; opez, R.; Innocenti, M.; Lazar, M.; Boella, E.; Lapenta, G.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abc0e8

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics

Parker Solar Probe observations of suprathermal electron flux enhancements originating from Coronal Hole boundaries

Reconnection between pairs of solar magnetic flux elements, one open and the other a closed loop, is theorized to be a crucial process for both maintaining the structure of the corona and producing the solar wind. This interchange reconnection is expected to be particularly active at the open-closed boundaries of coronal holes (CHs). Previous analysis of solar wind data at 1 au indicated that peaks in the flux of suprathermal electrons at slow-fast stream interfaces may arise from magnetic connection to the CH boundary, ra ...

Macneil, Allan; Owens, Mathew; Bercic, Laura; Finley, Adam;

Published by: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa2660

Parker Data Used

Trajectory Determination for Coronal Ejecta Observed by WISPR/Parker Solar Probe

TheWide-field Imager for Solar Probe(WISPR) onboard theParker Solar Probe(PSP), observing in white light, has a fixed angular field of view, extending from 13.5(circle)to 108(circle)from the Sun and approximately 50(circle)in the transverse direction. Because of the highly elliptical orbit of PSP, the physical extent of the imaged coronal region varies directly as the distance from the Sun, requiring new techniques for analysis of the motions of observed density features. Here, we present a technique for determining the 3D t ...

Liewer, P.; Qiu, J.; Penteado, P.; Hall, J.; Vourlidas, A.; Howard, R.;

Published by: SOLAR PHYSICS      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01715-y

Parker Data Used

Plasma Double Layers at the Boundary Between Venus and the Solar Wind

Malaspina, D.~M.; Goodrich, K.; Livi, R.; Halekas, J.; McManus, M.; Curry, S.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.~R.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Pulupa, M.; Case, A.~W.; Kasper, J.~C.; Korreck, K.~E.; Larson, D.; Stevens, M.~L.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \grl      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090115

Parker Data Used; kinetic physics; Venus; bow shock; magnetosheath; double layer; solar wind interaction

Oblique Tearing Mode Instability: Guide Field and Hall Effect

Shi, Chen; Velli, Marco; Pucci, Fulvia; Tenerani, Anna; Innocenti, Maria;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb6fa

Parker Data Used; Solar magnetic reconnection; Plasma physics; Magnetohydrodynamics; 1504; 2089; 1964; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Large-amplitude, Wideband, Doppler-shifted, Ion Acoustic Waves Observed on the Parker Solar Probe

Electric field spectra measured on the\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\ typically contain upwards of 1000 large-amplitude (similar to 15 mV m(-1)), wideband (similar to 100-15,000 Hz), few-second-duration, electric field waveforms per day. The satellite also collected about 85 three-second bursts of electric field waveforms per day at a data rate of similar to 150,000 samples per second. Eight such bursts caught these waves, all of which were located in switchbacks of the magnetic field. A wave burst on 2019 Sep ...

Mozer, F.; Bonnell, J.; Bowen, T.; Schumm, G.; Vasko, I;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abafb4

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind

On the Scaling Properties of Magnetic-field Fluctuations through the Inner Heliosphere

Although the interplanetary magnetic-field variability has been extensively investigated in situ using data from several space missions, newly launched missions providing high-resolution measures and approaching the Sun offer the possibility to study the multiscale variability in the innermost\ solar\ system. Here, using\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\ measurements, we investigate the scaling properties of\ solar\ wind magnetic-field fluctuations at different heliocentric distances. The resu ...

Alberti, Tommaso; Laurenza, Monica; Consolini, Giuseppe; Milillo, Anna; Marcucci, Maria; Carbone, Vincenzo; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb3d2

Chaos; interplanetary magnetic fields; interplanetary turbulence; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Time series analysis

Shear-driven Transition to Isotropically Turbulent Solar Wind Outside the Alfv\ en Critical Zone

Motivated by prior remote observations of a transition from striated\ solar\ coronal structures to more isotropic "flocculated" fluctuations, we propose that the dynamics of the inner\ solar\ wind just outside the Alfven critical zone, and in the vicinity of the first beta = 1 surface, is powered by the relative velocities of adjacent coronal magnetic flux tubes. We suggest that large-amplitude flow contrasts are magnetically constrained at lower altitude but shear-driven dynamics are triggered as such ...

Ruffolo, D.; Matthaeus, W.; Chhiber, R.; Usmanov, A.; Yang, Y.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Parashar, T.; Goldstein, M.; Deforest, C.; Wan, M.; Chasapis, A.; Maruca, B.; Velli, M.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb594

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Small Electron Events Observed by Parker Solar Probe/IS⊙IS during Encounter 2

The current understanding of the characteristics of\ solar\ and inner heliospheric electron events is inferred almost entirely from observations made by spacecraft located at 1 astronomical unit (au). Previous observations within 1 au of the Sun, by the Helios spacecraft at similar to 0.3-1 au, indicate the presence of electron events that are not detected at 1 au or may have merged during transport from the Sun.\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\textquoterights close proximity to the Sun at perihelion provid ...

Mitchell, J.; de Nolfo, G.; Hill, M.; Christian, E.; McComas, D.; Schwadron, N.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Cohen, C.; Joyce, C.; Kasper, J.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; MacDowall, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Pulupa, M.; Richardson, I.; Stevens, M.; Szalay, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb2a4

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Radio bursts; Solar energetic particles; solar flares; Solar particle emission; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus

A Solar Coronal Hole and Fast Solar Wind Turbulence Model and First-orbit Parker Solar Probe (PSP) Observations

We propose a turbulence-driven\ solar\ wind model for a fast\ solar\ wind flow in an open coronal hole where the\ solar\ wind flow and the magnetic field are highly aligned. We compare the numerical results of our model with\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\ measurements of the fast\ solar\ wind flow and find good agreement between them. We find that (1) the majority quasi-2D turbulence is mainly responsible for coronal heating, raising the temperature to about similar to 1 ...

Adhikari, L.; Zank, G.; Zhao, L.-L.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb132

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Solar Wind Angular Momentum Flux as Observed by Parker Solar Probe

he long-term evolution of the Sun\textquoterights rotation period cannot be directly observed, and is instead inferred from trends in the measured rotation periods of other Sun-like stars. Assuming the Sun spins down as it ages, following rotation rate proportional to age(-1/2), requires the current\ solar\ angular momentum (AM) loss rate to be around 6 x 10(30)erg. Magnetohydrodynamic models, and previous observations of the\ solar\ wind (from the Helios and Wind spacecraft), generally predict a value ...

Finley, Adam; Matt, Sean; eville, Victor; Pinto, Rui; Owens, Mathew; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Case, A.; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abb9a5

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar evolution; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar rotation; Solar wind; Stellar evolution; Stellar physics; Stellar rotation

The Origin of Switchbacks in the Solar Corona: Linear Theory

The origin, structure, and propagation characteristics of a switchback are compelling questions posed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations of velocity spikes and magnetic field reversals. By assuming interchange reconnection between coronal loop and open magnetic field, we show that this results in the generation of upward (into the heliosphere) and downward complex structures propagating at the fast magnetosonic speed (i.e., the Alfvén speed in the low plasma beta corona) that can have an arbitrary radial magnetic fiel ...

Zank, G.; Nakanotani, M.; Zhao, L.-L.; Adhikari, L.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb828

Parker Data Used; Active Solar Corona; Solar Coronal Waves; interplanetary turbulence

DC and Low-Frequency Electric Field Measurements on the Parker Solar Probe

The Parker Solar Probe successfully makes electric field measurements over the frequency range of DC-100 Hz, thanks to the remarkable symmetry of the antennas with respect to sunlight and the mostly radial magnetic field. Calibration of the electric field measurement is described. Sampled electric and magnetic field data are utilized to determine wave modes of whistlers and Alfven-ion-cyclotron waves. In the course of such determinations, the electric field effective antenna length was found to vary with frequency from simil ...

Mozer, F.; Agapitov, O.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Bowen, T.; Vasko, I.;

Published by: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA027980

Parker Data Used

Cross Helicity of the 2018 November Magnetic Cloud Observed by the Parker Solar Probe

Magnetic clouds are large-scale transient structures in the solar wind with low plasma-beta, low-amplitude magnetic field fluctuations, and twisted field lines with both ends often connected to the Sun. Their inertial-range turbulent properties have not been examined in detail. In this Letter, we analyze the normalized cross helicity, sigma(c), and residual energy, sigma(r), of plasma fluctuations in the 2018 November magnetic cloud observed at 0.25.au by the Parker Solar Probe. A low value of |sigma(c)| was present in th ...

Good, S.; Kilpua, E.; Ala-Lahti, M.; Osmane, A.; Bale, S.; Zhao, L.-L.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abb021

interplanetary magnetic fields; interplanetary turbulence; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar coronal mass ejections; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind

Spectral Anisotropy in 2D plus Slab Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence in the Solar Wind and Upper Corona

Zank, G.~P.; Nakanotani, M.; Zhao, L.; Adhikari, L.; Telloni, D.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abad30

Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; 830

Polytropic Behavior of Solar Wind Protons Observed by Parker Solar Probe

A polytropic process describes the transition of a fluid from one state to another through a specific relationship between the fluid density and temperature. The value of the polytropic index that governs this relationship determines the heat transfer and the effective degrees of freedom during a specific process. In this study, we analyze\ solar\ wind proton plasma measurements, obtained by the Faraday cup instrument on board the\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe. We examine the large-scale variations of the ...

Nicolaou, Georgios; Livadiotis, George; Wicks, Robert; Verscharen, Daniel; Maruca, Bennett;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abaaae

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

Understanding the origins of the heliosphere: integrating observations and measurements from Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter, and other space- and ground-based observatories

Context. The launch of\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\ (PSP) in 2018, followed by\ Solar\ Orbiter (SO) in February 2020, has opened a new window in the exploration of\ solar\ magnetic activity and the origin of the heliosphere. These missions, together with other space observatories dedicated to\ solar\ observations, such as the\ Solar\ Dynamics Observatory, Hinode, IRIS, STEREO, and SOHO, with complementary in situ observations from WIND and ACE, and ground based multi-w ...

Velli, M.; Harra, L.; Vourlidas, A.; Schwadron, N.; Panasenco, O.; Liewer, P.; Müller, D.; Zouganelis, I.; St Cyr, O.; Gilbert, H.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Auchère, F.; Berghmans, D.; Fludra, A.; Horbury, T.; Howard, R.; Krucker, S.; Maksimovic, M.; Owen, C.; iguez-Pacheco, Rodr\; Romoli, M.; Solanki, S.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; McComas, D.; Raouafi, N.; Martinez-Pillet, V.; Walsh, A.; De Groof, A.; Williams, D.;

Published by: Astronomy \& Astrophysics      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202038245

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; solar-terrestrial relations; Sun: atmosphere; Sun: corona; Sun: heliosphere; Sun: magnetic fields

Wave Composition, Propagation, and Polarization of Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence within 0.3 au as Observed by Parker Solar Probe

Turbulence, a ubiquitous phenomenon in interplanetary space, is crucial for the energy conversion of space plasma at multiple scales. This work focuses on the propagation, polarization, and wave composition properties of the\ solar\ wind turbulence within 0.3 au, and its variation with heliocentric distance at magnetohydrodynamic scales (from 10 s to 1000 s in the spacecraft frame). We present the probability density function of propagation wavevectors (PDF (k(parallel to),k)) for\ solar\ wind turbulen ...

Zhu, Xingyu; He, Jiansen; Verscharen, Daniel; Duan, Die; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abb23e

Alfv\ en waves; Heliosphere; interplanetary turbulence; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Slow solar wind; Solar Probe Plus

Dust sputtering within the inner heliosphere: a modelling study

The aim of this study is to investigate through modelling how sputtering by impacting solar wind ions influences the lifetime of dust particles in the inner heliosphere near the Sun. We consider three typical dust materials, silicate, Fe0.4Mg0.6O, and carbon, and describe their sputtering yields based on atomic yields given by the Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter (SRIM) package. The influence of the solar wind is characterized by plasma density, solar wind speed, and solar wind composition, and we assume for these parame ...

Baumann, Carsten; Myrvang, Margaretha; Mann, Ingrid;

Published by: ANNALES GEOPHYSICAE      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.5194/angeo-38-919-2020

Parker Data Used

The Electromagnetic Signature of Outward Propagating Ion-scale Waves

First results from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission have revealed ubiquitous coherent ion-scale waves in the inner heliosphere, which are signatures of kinetic wave-particle interactions and fluid instabilities. However, initial studies of the circularly polarized ion-scale waves observed by PSP have only thoroughly analyzed magnetic field signatures, precluding a determination of solar wind frame propagation direction and intrinsic wave polarization. A comprehensive determination of wave properties requires measureme ...

Bowen, Trevor; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Larson, Davin; Mallet, Alfred; McManus, Michael; Mozer, Forrest; Pulupa, Marc; Vasko, Ivan; Verniero, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab9f37

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Plasma astrophysics; Plasma physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

Magnetic Field Dropouts at Near-Sun Switchback Boundaries: A Superposed Epoch Analysis

During Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights first close encounter with the Sun in early 2018 November, a large number of impulsive rotations in the magnetic field were detected within 50 Rs; these also occurred in association with short-lived impulsive solar wind bursts in speed. These impulsive features are now called "switchback" events. We examined a set of these switchbacks where the boundary transition into and out of the switchback was abrupt, with fast B rotations and simultaneous solar wind speed changes ...

Farrell, W.; MacDowall, R.; Gruesbeck, J.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab9eba

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; The Sun

The Solar Origin of Particle Events Measured by Parker Solar Probe

During the second solar encounter phase of Parker Solar Probe (PSP), two small solar energetic particle (SEP) events were observed by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun, on 2019 April 2 and 4. At the time, PSP was approaching its second perihelion at a distance of \~24.8 million kilometers from the solar center, it was in near-radial alignment with STEREO-A and in quadrature with Earth. During the two SEP events multiple narrow ejections and a streamer-blowout coronal mass ejection (SBO-CME) originated from a ...

Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Vourlidas, Angelos; Rouillard, Alexis; Roelof, Edmond; Leske, Rick; Pinto, Rui; Poirier, Nicolas;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aba5a1

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar coronal mass ejection shocks; Solar coronal mass ejections; Solar energetic particles; Solar particle emission; Solar Probe Plus

Spectral Features in Field-aligned Solar Wind Turbulence from Parker Solar Probe Observations

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed a large variety of Alfv\ enic fluctuations in the fast and slow solar wind flow during its two perihelia. The properties of Alfv\ enic solar wind turbulence have been studied for decades in the near-Earth environment. A spectral index of -5/3 or -2 for magnetic field fluctuations has been observed using spacecraft measurements, which can be explained by turbulence theories of nearly incompressible magnetohydrodynamics (NI MHD) or critical balance. In this study, a rigorous search of field ...

Zhao, L.-L.; Zank, G.; Adhikari, L.; Nakanotani, M.; Telloni, D.; Carbone, F.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab9b7e

interplanetary turbulence; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Spectral index

Constraining Ion-Scale Heating and Spectral Energy Transfer in Observations of Plasma Turbulence

We perform a statistical study of the turbulent power spectrum at inertial and kinetic scales observed during the first perihelion encounter of the Parker Solar Probe. We find that often there is an extremely steep scaling range of the power spectrum just above the ion-kinetic scales, similar to prior observations at 1 A.U., with a power-law index of around -4 . Based on our measurements, we demonstrate that either a significant (\>50 \%) fraction of the total turbulent energy flux is dissipated in this range of scales ...

Bowen, Trevor; Mallet, Alfred; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Case, Anthony; Chandran, Benjamin; Chasapis, Alexandros; Chen, Christopher; Duan, Die; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Halekas, Jasper; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, J.; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; McManus, Michael; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: Physical Review Letters      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.025102

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Editorial: Solar Wind at the Dawn of the Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter Era

Solar Wind 15 brought together almost 250 experts from all continents of the world to discuss the current trends and future perspectives of the research on the Sun and its solar wind. The present article collection recaptures some of the highlights of their contributions.

Lapenta, Giovanni; Zhukov, Andrei; van Driel-Gesztelyi, Lidia;

Published by: Solar Physics      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01670-8

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind

Critical Balance and the Physics of Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence

Oughton, S.; Matthaeus, W.~H.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab8f2a

Parker Data Used; 830; 1544; 1534; 2129; 23; 1964; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Kinetic Scale Slow Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: Coexistence of Kinetic Alfv\ en Waves and Alfv\ en Ion Cyclotron Waves

The nature of the plasma wave modes around the ion kinetic scales in highly Alfv\ enic slow solar wind turbulence is investigated using data from the NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe taken in the inner heliosphere, at 0.18 au from the Sun. The joint distribution of the normalized reduced magnetic helicity σmRB, τ) is obtained, where θRB is the angle between the local mean magnetic field and the radial direction and τ is the temporal scale. Two populations around ion scales a ...

Huang, S; Zhang, J.; Sahraoui, F.; He, J.; Yuan, Z.; es, Andr\; Hadid, L.; Deng, X.; Jiang, K.; Yu, L.; Xiong, Q; Wei, Y; Xu, S.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab9abb

1261; 1534; 1544; 1693; 1873; 23; 711; 824; 830; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Modeling the Transport Processes of a Pair of Solar Energetic Particle Events Observed by Parker Solar Probe Near Perihelion

We present model calculations of the transport processes of solar energetic particles in the corona and interplanetary medium for two events detected by Parker Solar Probe near its second perihelion on 2019 April 2 and April 4. In the 2019 April 2 event, the \<100 keV proton differential intensity measured by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun Low-Energy Energetic Particle instrument increased by more than a factor of 10 above the pre-event intensity, whereas the \~1 MeV proton differential intensity detec ...

Zhao, Lulu; Zhang, Ming; Lario, David;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab97b3

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar energetic particles; Solar Probe Plus

(Non)radial Solar Wind Propagation through the Heliosphere

The solar wind nonradial velocity components observed beyond the Alfv\ en point are usually attributed to waves, the interaction of different streams, or other transient phenomena. However, Earth-orbiting spacecraft as well as monitors at L1 indicate systematic deviations of the wind velocity from the radial direction. Since these deviations are of the order of several degrees, the calibration of the instruments is often questioned. This paper investigates for the first time the evolution of nonradial components of the so ...

Němeček, Zdeněk; a, Tereza; a, Jana; Richardson, John; Simůnek, Jiř\; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab9ff7

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus



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