PSP Bibliography





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Found 506 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 151 through 200


2021

Discontinuity analysis of the leading switchback transition regions

Context. Magnetic switchbacks are magnetic structures characterized as intervals of sudden reversal in the radial component of the pristine solar wind s magnetic field. Switchbacks comprise of magnetic spikes that are preceded and succeeded by switchback transition regions within which the radial magnetic field reverses. Determining switchback generation and evolution mechanisms will further our understanding of the global circulation and transportation of the Sun s open magnetic flux.
Aims: The present study juxtapos ...

Akhavan-Tafti, M.; Kasper, J.; Huang, J.; Bale, S.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039508

magnetic reconnection; magnetic fields; Solar wind; methods: data analysis; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); instabilities; Parker Data Used

Determining Threshold Instrumental Resolutions for Resolving the Velocity Space Signature of Ion Landau Damping

Unraveling the physics of the entire turbulent cascade of energy in space and astrophysical plasmas from the injection of energy at large scales to the dissipation of that energy into plasma heat at small scales, represents an overarching, open question in heliophysics and astrophysics. The fast cadence and high phase space resolution of particle velocity distribution measurements on modern spacecraft missions, such as the recently launched Parker Solar Probe, presents exciting new opportunities for identifying turbulent dis ...

Verniero, J.; Howes, G.; Stewart, D.; Klein, K.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028361

Solar wind; space plasma; turbulence; wave particle interaction; Parker Data Used

Statistics of Low Frequency Cutoffs for Type III Radio Bursts Observed by Parker Solar Probe during Its Encounters 1-5

The low frequency cutoffs flo and the observed plasma frequency fp of 176 type III radio bursts are investigated in this paper. These events are observed by the Parker Solar Probe when it is in the encounter phase from the first to the fifth orbit. The result shows that the distribution of cutoffs flo is widely spread between 200 kHz and 1.6 MHz. While the plasma frequency fp at the spacecraft is between 50 and 250 kHz, which is almost all smaller than flo. The result al ...

Ma, Bing; Chen, Ling; Wu, Dejin; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abfb77

Interplanetary physics; Solar radio emission; 827; 1522; Parker Data Used

Evolution of Solar Wind Turbulence from 0.1 to 1 au during the First Parker Solar Probe-Solar Orbiter Radial Alignment

The first radial alignment between Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter spacecraft is used to investigate the evolution of solar wind turbulence in the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, two 1.5 hr intervals are tentatively identified as providing measurements of the same plasma parcels traveling from 0.1 to 1 au. Using magnetic field measurements from both spacecraft, the properties of turbulence in the two intervals are assessed. Magnetic spectral density, flatness, and high-order moment scaling laws are ca ...

Telloni, Daniele; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Woodham, Lloyd; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Carbone, Francesco; Zank, Gary; Bruno, Roberto; Perrone, Denise; Nakanotani, Masaru; Shi, Chen; Amicis, Raffaella; De Marco, Rossana; Jagarlamudi, Vamsee; Steinvall, Konrad; Marino, Raffaele; Adhikari, Laxman; Zhao, Lingling; Liang, Haoming; Tenerani, Anna; Laker, Ronan; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; MacDowall, Robert; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Owen, Christopher; Livi, Stefano; Louarn, Philippe; Antonucci, Ester; Romoli, Marco; Brien, Helen; Evans, Vincent; Angelini, Virginia;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf7d1

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Alfven waves; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1964; 23; 1544; 830; 1534

Correlation of the Sunspot Number and the Waiting-time Distribution of Solar Flares, Coronal Mass Ejections, and Solar Wind Switchback Events Observed with the Parker Solar Probe

Waiting-time distributions of solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) exhibit power-law-like distribution functions with slopes in the range of ατ ≍ 1.4-3.2, as observed in annual data sets during four solar cycles (1974-2012). We find a close correlation between the waiting-time power-law slope ατ and the sunspot number (SN), i.e., ατ = 1.38 + 0.01 × SN. The waiting-time distribution can be fitted with a Pareto-type function of the form N(τ) = N0 $(\tau _0+\tau )^ ...

Aschwanden, Markus; de Wit, Thierry;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abef69

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; solar flares; 1534; 1496; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Multiscale Solar Wind Turbulence Properties inside and near Switchbacks Measured by the Parker Solar Probe

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) routinely observes magnetic field deflections in the solar wind at distances less than 0.3 au from the Sun. These deflections are related to structures commonly called "switchbacks" (SBs), whose origins and characteristic properties are currently debated. Here, we use a database of visually selected SB intervals—and regions of solar wind plasma measured just before and after each SB—to examine plasma parameters, turbulent spectra from inertial to dissipation scales, and intermittency ...

Martinovic, Mihailo; Klein, Kristopher; Huang, Jia; Chandran, Benjamin; Kasper, Justin; Lichko, Emily; Bowen, Trevor; Chen, Christopher; Matteini, Lorenzo; Stevens, Michael; Case, Anthony; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abebe5

Parker Data Used; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1544; 830; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

An approximate analytic solution to the coupled problems of coronal heating and solar-wind acceleration

Between the base of the solar corona at $r=r_\textrm b$ and the Alfvén critical point at $r=r_\textrm A$, where $r$ is heliocentric distance, the solar-wind density decreases by a factor $ \mathop > \limits_∼ 10^5$, but the plasma temperature varies by a factor of only a few. In this paper, I show that such quasi-isothermal evolution out to $r=r_\textrm A$ is a generic property of outflows powered by reflection-driven Alfvén-wave (AW) turbulence, in which outward-propagating AWs partially reflect, and counter-propagating ...

Chandran, Benjamin;

Published by: Journal of Plasma Physics      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1017/S0022377821000052

astrophysical plasmas; space plasma physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Depleted Plasma Densities in the Ionosphere of Venus Near Solar Minimum From Parker Solar Probe Observations of Upper Hybrid Resonance Emission

On July 11, 2020, NASA s Parker Solar Probe made its third flyby of Venus. The upper hybrid resonance emission was observed below 1,100 km (a first at Venus), revealing electron densities an order of magnitude lower than at solar maximum. These observations are consistent with a substantial variation in the density and structure of the Venusian ionosphere over the Solar Cycle.

Collinson, Glyn; Ramstad, Robin; Glocer, Alex; Wilson, Lynn; Brosius, Alexandra;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL092243

ionosphere; parker solar probe; solar cycle; upper hybrid emission; Venus; waves; Parker Data Used

The Dynamic Formation of Pseudostreamers

Streamers and pseudostreamers structure the corona at the largest scales, as seen in both eclipse and coronagraph white-light images. Their inverted-goblet appearance encloses broad coronal loops at the Sun and tapers to a narrow radial stalk away from the star. The streamer associated with the global solar dipole magnetic field is long-lived, predominantly contains a single arcade of nested loops within it, and separates opposite-polarity interplanetary magnetic fields with the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) anchored at i ...

Scott, Roger; Pontin, David; Antiochos, Spiro; DeVore, Richard; Wyper, Peter;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec4f

Solar Physics; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar wind; 1476; 1504; 1534; Parker Data Used

First Observations of Anomalous Cosmic Rays in to 36 Solar Radii

NASA s Parker Solar Probe mission continues to travel closer to the Sun than any prior human-made object, with an expected closest approach of <10 solar radii (<0.046 au) by 2024. On board, the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite makes unprecedented in situ measurements of energetic particles in the near-Sun environment. The current low level of solar activity offers a prime opportunity to measure cosmic rays closer to the Sun than ever before. We present the first observations of anomalous cosmic ra ...

Rankin, J.; McComas, D.; Leske, R.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Cummings, A.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Mewaldt, R.; Posner, A.; Schwadron, N.; Strauss, R.; Stone, E.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec7e

cosmic rays; Solar wind; Heliosphere; Solar energetic particles; Solar Physics; solar cycle; Quiet Sun; Particle astrophysics; interplanetary magnetic fields; Plasma astrophysics; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Pickup ions; 329; 1534; 711; 1491; 1476; 1487; 1322; 96; 824; 1261; 826; 1239; Parker Data Used

The Transport Equation for the Dispersal of Passive Tracers in a Nonuniform Turbulent Fluid: Numerical Simulations

The random advection of passive additives in a turbulent fluid plays an important role in solar physics, astrophysics, and atmospheric sciences. We concern ourselves here with the case where the fluctuations are not statistically homogeneous in space, and, hence, where the transport coefficients vary with position. Using a numerical model in which the fluid turbulence is defined kinematically, we show that the evolution of the distribution of passive tracers in the fluid is not always governed by the ordinary diffusion equat ...

Giacalone, Joe;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abf0b2

Plasma astrophysics; Solar magnetic fields; hydrodynamics; Astrophysical fluid dynamics; Atmospheric science; 1261; 1503; 1963; 101; 116; Parker Data Used

On the violation of the zeroth law of turbulence in space plasmas

The zeroth law of turbulence states that, for fixed energy input into large-scale motions, the statistical steady state of a turbulent system is independent of microphysical dissipation properties. This behaviour, which is fundamental to nearly all fluid-like systems from industrial processes to galaxies, occurs because nonlinear processes generate smaller and smaller scales in the flow, until the dissipation - no matter how small - can thermalise the energy input. Using direct numerical simulations and theoretical arguments ...

Meyrand, R.; Squire, J.; Schekochihin, A.; Dorland, W.;

Published by: Journal of Plasma Physics      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1017/S0022377821000489

space plasma physics; astrophysical plasmas; plasma nonlinear phenomena; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Nonlinear Sciences - Chaotic Dynamics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Parker Data Used

PATCH: Particle Arrival Time Correlation for Heliophysics

The ability to understand the fundamental nature of the physics that governs the heliosphere requires spacecraft instrumentation to measure energy transfer at kinetic scales. This translates to a time cadence resolving the proton kinetic timescales, typically of the order of the proton gyrofrequency. The downlinked survey mode data from modern spacecraft are often much lower resolution than this criterion, meaning that the higher resolution, burst mode data must be captured to study an event at kinetic time scales. Telemetry ...

Verniero, J.; Howes, G.; Stewart, D.; Klein, K.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028940

plasma turbulence; Solar wind; spacecraft Instrumentation; wave particle interaction; Parker Data Used

Parker Solar Probe FIELDS Instrument Charging in the Near Sun Environment: Part 2: Comparison of In Flight Data and Modeling Results

This research shows Part II of the Spacecraft Interaction Plasma Software (SPIS) used to model the parker solar probe (PSP) FIELDS instrument and its interactions with the Solar Wind. Flight data were used to run the PSP model and compared with models using past predicted parameters. The effect of voltage biasing between the antenna, its shield, and the spacecraft on the current balance of each surface was investigated at first perihelion (0.16AU). The model data were reduced to I-V curves to find current saturations (analys ...

Diaz-Aguado, M.; Bonnell, J.; Bale, S.; Wang, J.; Gruntman, M.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028689

plasma environment; spacecraft charging; Parker Data Used

On Alfvénic Slow Wind: A Journey From the Earth Back to the Sun

Comparative studies of fast and slow solar wind streams performed over the past decades have illustrated several differences between the plasma regimes for these different flows, examples including features such as temperatures, particle distribution function anisotropies, and the nature of the embedded turbulence, specifically the Alfvénicity of the fluctuations. Though this two state classification of the solar wind primarily based on flow speed has been widely adopted, more in depth studies have found that slow solar win ...

Amicis, R.; Perrone, D.; Bruno, R.; Velli, M.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028996

Parker Data Used; Coronal holes; interplanetary magnetic field; MHD waves and turbulence; Solar wind plasma; solar wind sources; turbulence

Nonlinear Ion-acoustic Waves, Ion Holes, and Electron Holes in the Near-Sun Solar Wind

Nonlinear ion-acoustic waves, ion holes, and electron holes have been observed on the Parker Solar Probe at a heliocentric distance of 35 solar radii. These time domain structures contain millisecond duration electric field spikes of several mV m-1. They are observed inside or at boundaries of switchbacks in the background magnetic field. Their presence in switchbacks indicates that both electron- and ion-streaming electrostatic instabilities occur there to thermalize electron and ion beams.

Mozer, F.; Bonnell, J.; Hanson, E.; Gasque, L.; Vasko, I;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abed52

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; 1534

How Alfvén waves energize the solar wind: heat versus work

A growing body of evidence suggests that the solar wind is powered to a large extent by an Alfvén-wave (AW) energy flux. AWs energize the solar wind via two mechanisms: heating and work. We use high-resolution direct numerical simulations of reflection-driven AW turbulence (RDAWT) in a fast-solar-wind stream emanating from a coronal hole to investigate both mechanisms. In particular, we compute the fraction of the AW power at the coronal base ($P_\textrm AWb$) that is transferred to solar-wind particles via heating between ...

Perez, Jean; Chandran, Benjamin; Klein, Kristopher; Martinovic, Mihailo;

Published by: Journal of Plasma Physics      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1017/S0022377821000167

Parker Data Used; astrophysical plasmas; space plasma physics; plasma nonlinear phenomena; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Non Detection of Lightning During the Second Parker Solar Probe Venus Gravity Assist

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft completed its second Venus gravity assist maneuver (VGA2) on December 26, 2019. For a 20 min interval surrounding closest approach, the PSP/FIELDS Radio Frequency Spectrometer (RFS) was set to "burst mode," recording radio spectra from 1.3 to 19.2 MHz at sub second cadence. We analyze this burst mode data, searching for signatures of radio frequency "sferic" emission from lightning discharges. During the burst mode interval, only four spectra were observed with strong impulsive signals ...

Pulupa, Marc; Bale, Stuart; Curry, Shannon; Farrell, William; Goodrich, Katherine; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Malaspina, David; Raouafi, Nour;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL091751

Parker Data Used; Venus; lightning; radio; non detection; parker solar probe

Subproton-scale Intermittency in Near-Sun Solar Wind Turbulence Observed by the Parker Solar Probe

High time-resolution solar wind magnetic field data are employed to study statistics describing intermittency near the first perihelion (∼35.6 R) of the Parker Solar Probe mission. A merged data set employing two instruments on the FIELDS suite enables broadband estimation of higher-order moments of magnetic field increments, with five orders established with reliable accuracy. The duration, cadence, and low noise level of the data permit evaluation of scale dependence of the observed intermittency from the i ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Matthaeus, William; Bowen, Trevor; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf04e

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; 1534; 830; 1964; 1544; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Geophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Parker Solar Probe Evidence for Scattering of Electrons in the Young Solar Wind by Narrowband Whistler-mode Waves

Observations of plasma waves by the Fields Suite and of electrons by the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons Investigation on the Parker Solar Probe provide strong evidence for pitch angle scattering of strahl-energy electrons by narrowband whistler-mode waves at radial distances less than ∼0.3 au. We present two example intervals of a few hours each that include eight waveform captures with whistler-mode waves and 26 representative electron distributions that are examined in detail. Two were narrow, seventeen were cle ...

Cattell, C.; Breneman, A.; Dombeck, J.; Short, B.; Wygant, J.; Halekas, J.; Case, Tony; Kasper, J.; Larson, D.; Stevens, Mike; Whittesley, P.; Bale, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goodrich, K.; MacDowall, R.; Moncuquet, M.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abefdd

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics; Interplanetary physics; Interplanetary particle acceleration; 1534; 1544; 1261; 827; 826; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Electron Acceleration during Macroscale Magnetic Reconnection

The first self-consistent simulations of electron acceleration during magnetic reconnection in a macroscale system are presented. Consistent with solar flare observations, the spectra of energetic electrons take the form of power laws that extend more than two decades in energy. The drive mechanism for these nonthermal electrons is Fermi reflection in growing and merging magnetic flux ropes. A strong guide field suppresses the production of nonthermal electrons by weakening the Fermi drive mechanism. For a weak guide field t ...

Arnold, H.; Drake, J.; Swisdak, M.; Guo, F.; Dahlin, J.; Chen, B.; Fleishman, G.; Glesener, L.; Kontar, E.; Phan, T.; Shen, C.;

Published by: Physical Review Letters      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.135101

Parker Data Used; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

Could Switchbacks Originate in the Lower Solar Atmosphere? I. Formation Mechanisms of Switchbacks

The recent rediscovery of magnetic field switchbacks or deflections embedded in the solar wind flow by the Parker Solar Probe mission lead to a huge interest in the modeling of the formation mechanisms and origin of these switchbacks. Several scenarios for their generation were put forth, ranging from lower solar atmospheric origins by reconnection, to being a manifestation of turbulence in the solar wind, and so on. Here we study some potential formation mechanisms of magnetic switchbacks in the lower solar atmosphere, usin ...

Magyar, Norbert; Utz, Dominik; Erdélyi, Robertus; Nakariakov, Valery;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec49

Parker Data Used; Solar atmosphere; Solar Physics; Magnetohydrodynamics; 1477; 1476; 1964; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Pristine PSP/WISPR Observations of the Circumsolar Dust Ring near Venus s Orbit

The Parker Solar Probe mission (PSP) has completed seven orbits around the Sun. The Wide-field Imager for Solar Probe (WISPR) on PSP consists of two visible light heliospheric imagers, which together image the interplanetary medium between 13°5 and 108° elongation. The PSP/WISPR nominal science observing window occurs during the solar encounters, which take place when the spacecraft (S/C) is within 0.25 au from the Sun. During Orbit 3, an extended science campaign took place while PSP transited between 0.5 and 0.25 au (dur ...

Stenborg, Guillermo; Gallagher, Brendan; Howard, Russell; Hess, Phillip; Raouafi, Nour;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abe623

Parker Data Used; Solar F corona; Interplanetary dust; Circumstellar dust; 1991; 821; 236

Laboratory Study of Antenna Signals Generated by Dust Impacts on Spacecraft

Space missions often carry antenna instruments that are sensitive to dust impacts, however, the understanding of signal generation mechanisms remained incomplete. A signal generation model in an analytical form is presented that provides a good agreement with laboratory measurements. The model is based on the direct and induced charging of the spacecraft from the collected and escaping fraction of free charges from the impact generated plasma cloud. A set of laboratory experiments is performed using a 20:1 scaled down model ...

Shen, Mitchell; Sternovsky, Zoltan; Horányi, Mihály; Hsu, Hsiang-Wen; Malaspina, David;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028965

antenna instruments; cosmic dust; dust detection; Parker Data Used

Switchbacks Explained: Super-Parker Fields—The Other Side of the Sub-Parker Spiral

We provide a simple geometric explanation for the source of switchbacks and associated large and one-sided transverse flows in the solar wind observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). The more radial, sub-Parker spiral structure of the heliospheric magnetic field observed previously by Ulysses, ACE, and STEREO is created within rarefaction regions where footpoint motion from the source of fast into slow wind at the Sun creates a magnetic fieldline connection across solar wind speed shear. Conversely, when footpoints move fro ...

Schwadron, N.; McComas, D.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd4e6

Parker Data Used; Active Solar Corona; Solar wind; Solar Coronal Waves; Solar coronal loops; Solar coronal holes; Solar coronal plumes; Solar magnetic fields; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar spicules; 1988; 1534; 1995; 1485; 1484; 2039; 1503; 824; 1525; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; 85

The Encounter of the Parker Solar Probe and a Comet-like Object Near the Sun: Model Predictions and Measurements

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) aims to explore the nascent solar wind close to the Sun. Meanwhile, PSP is also expected to encounter small objects like comets and asteroids. In this work, we survey the ephemerides to find the chance of a recent encounter and then model the interaction between released dusty plasmas and solar wind plasmas. On 2019 September 2, a comet-like object, the 322P/Solar and Heliosphere Observatory, just passed its perihelion flying to a heliocentric distance of 0.12 au and swept by PSP at a relative di ...

He, Jiansen; Cui, Bo; Yang, Liping; Hou, Chuanpeng; Zhang, Lei; Ip, Wing-Huen; Jia, Ying-Dong; Dong, Chuanfei; Duan, Die; Zong, Qiugang; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Bonnell, John; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abdf4a

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Comet tails; Interplanetary dust; Asteroids; 1534; 274; 821; 72; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Source-dependent Properties of Two Slow Solar Wind States

Two states of the slow solar wind are identified from in situ measurements by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) inside 50 solar radii from the Sun. At such distances the wind measured by PSP has not yet undergone significant transformation related to the expansion and propagation of the wind. We focus in this study on the properties of the quiet solar wind with no magnetic switchbacks. The two states differ by their plasma beta, flux, and magnetic pressure. PSP s magnetic connectivity established with potential field source surfa ...

Griton, Lea; Rouillard, Alexis; Poirier, Nicolas; Issautier, Karine; Moncuquet, Michel; Pinto, Rui;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abe309

Parker Data Used; Slow solar wind; Solar wind; Solar coronal holes; Solar coronal streamers; 1873; 1534; 1484; 1486; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Inferred Linear Stability of Parker Solar Probe Observations Using One- and Two-component Proton Distributions

The hot and diffuse nature of the Sun s extended atmosphere allows it to persist in non-equilibrium states for long enough that wave-particle instabilities can arise and modify the evolution of the expanding solar wind. Determining which instabilities arise, and how significant a role they play in governing the dynamics of the solar wind, has been a decades-long process involving in situ observations at a variety of radial distances. With new measurements from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we can study what wave modes are dr ...

Klein, K.; Verniero, J.; Alterman, B.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Lichko, E.; Livi, R.; McManus, M.; Martinovic, M.; Rahmati, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7a0

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma physics; 1534; 1544; 2089; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

The Ion Transition Range of Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe Observations

The scaling of the turbulent spectra provides a key measurement that allows us to discriminate between different theoretical predictions of turbulence. In the solar wind, this has driven a large number of studies dedicated to this issue using in situ data from various orbiting spacecraft. While a semblance of consensus exists regarding the scaling in the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and dispersive ranges, the precise scaling in the transition range and the actual physical mechanisms that control it remain open questions. Using ...

Huang, S; Sahraoui, F.; Andrés, N.; Hadid, L.; Yuan, Z.; He, J.; Zhao, J.; Galtier, S.; Zhang, J.; Deng, X.; Jiang, K.; Yu, L.; Xu, S.; Xiong, Q; Wei, Y; de Wit, Dudok; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abdaaf

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Solar coronal heating; 1534; 830; 1989; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Turbulence in space plasmas: Who needs it?

The complex nonlinear dynamical phenomenon described as turbulence, is known to have a great impact on fluids, magnetohydrodynamic systems, and on plasmas. This paper reviews selected topics on turbulence in these systems, emphasizing the multiscale space-time properties of the turbulence cascade as it transfers energy from large scale reservoirs, through the inertial range, finally dissipating at kinetic scales and producing internal or thermal energy. Application to space and astrophysical plasmas is a pervasive theme. Thi ...

Matthaeus, W.;

Published by: Physics of Plasmas      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1063/5.0041540

Parker Data Used

Execution of Parker Solar Probe s unprecedented flight to the Sun and early results

Guo, Yanping; Thompson, Paul; Wirzburger, John; Pinkine, Nick; Bushman, Stewart; Goodson, Troy; Haw, Rob; Hudson, James; Jones, Drew; Kijewski, Seth; Lathrop, Brian; Lau, Eunice; Mottinger, Neil; Ryne, Mark; Shyong, Wen-Jong; Valerino, Powtawche; Whittenburg, Karl;

Published by: Acta Astronautica      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2020.11.007

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; V$^7$GA trajectory; Spaceflight; Mission design; Navigation; Trajectory maneuver; parker solar probe

Self-Organization through the Inner Heliosphere: Insights from Parker Solar Probe

Stumpo, Mirko; Quattrociocchi, Virgilio; Benella, Simone; Alberti, Tommaso; Consolini, Giuseppe;

Published by: Atmosphere      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3390/atmos12030321

Parker Data Used

Harmonic Radio Emission in Randomly Inhomogeneous Plasma

In the present paper, we describe a theoretical model of the generation of harmonic emissions of type III solar radio bursts. The goal of our study is to fully take into account the most efficient physical processes involved in the generation of harmonic electromagnetic emission via nonlinear coupling of Langmuir waves in randomly inhomogeneous plasma of solar wind ( $l+l^\prime \to t$ ). We revisit the conventional mechanism of coalescence of primarily generated and back-scattered Langmuir waves in quasihomogeneous plasma. ...

Tkachenko, Anna; Krasnoselskikh, Vladimir; Voshchepynets, Andrii;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd2bd

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Solar Coronal Waves; 1534; 830; 1995; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Radial Evolution of a CIR: Observations From a Nearly Radially Aligned Event Between Parker Solar Probe and STEREO A

The addition of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to the Heliophysics System Observatory has allowed for the unprecedented ability to study Corotating Interaction Regions (CIRs) at multiple radial distances without significant temporal/longitudinal variations. On September 19, 2019, PSP observed a CIR at ∼0.5 au when it was nearly radially aligned with the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Ahead (STEREO A) spacecraft at ∼1 au, allowing for an unambiguous assessment of the radial evolution of a single CIR. Bulk plasma and ma ...

Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Mason, G.; Li, G.; Jian, L.; Vines, S.; Schwadron, N.; Joyce, C.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Desai, M.; Filwett, R.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Hill, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Lario, D.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Paulson, K.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL091376

Parker Data Used; CIRs; parker solar probe; Solar wind; STEREO; suprathermal ions

Measurement of Magnetic Field Fluctuations in the Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter Missions

The search coil magnetometer (SCM) measures the magnetic signature of solar wind fluctuations with three components in the 3 Hz-50 kHz range and one single component in the 1 kHz-1 MHz range. This instrument is important for providing in situ observations of transients caused by interplanetary shocks and reconnection, for the identification of electromagnetic wave modes in plasmas and the determination of their characteristics (planarity, polarization, ellipticity, and k vector) and for studying the turbulent cascade in the ...

Jannet, G.; de Wit, Dudok; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Kretzschmar, M.; Fergeau, P.; Bergerard-Timofeeva, M.; Agrapart, C.; Brochot, J; Chalumeau, G.; Martin, P.; Revillet, C.; Bale, S.; Maksimovic, M.; Bowen, T.; Brysbaert, C.; Goetz, K.; Guilhem, E.; Harvey, P.; Leray, V.; Lorfèvre, E.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028543

Parker Data Used; magnetometer; parker solar probe; search coil; Solar Orbiter

Random Walk and Trapping of Interplanetary Magnetic Field Lines: Global Simulation, Magnetic Connectivity, and Implications for Solar Energetic Particles

The random walk of magnetic field lines is an important ingredient in understanding how the connectivity of the magnetic field affects the spatial transport and diffusion of charged particles. As solar energetic particles propagate away from near-solar sources, they interact with the fluctuating magnetic field, which modifies their distributions. We develop a formalism in which the differential equation describing the field line random walk contains both effects due to localized magnetic displacements and a non-stochastic co ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Ruffolo, David; Matthaeus, William; Usmanov, Arcadi; Tooprakai, Paisan; Chuychai, Piyanate; Goldstein, Melvyn;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7f0

Parker Data Used; Solar energetic particles; interplanetary turbulence; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar wind; 1491; 830; 824; 1534; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Analysis of Coronal Mass Ejection Flux Rope Signatures Using 3DCORE and Approximate Bayesian Computation

We present a major update to the 3D coronal rope ejection (3DCORE) technique for modeling coronal mass ejection flux ropes in conjunction with an approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) algorithm that is used for fitting the model to in situ magnetic field measurements. The model assumes an empirically motivated torus-like flux rope structure that expands self-similarly within the heliosphere, is influenced by a simplified interaction with the solar wind environment, and carries along an embedded analytical magnetic field. Th ...

Weiss, Andreas; Moestl, Christian; Amerstorfer, Tanja; Bailey, Rachel; Reiss, Martin; Hinterreiter, Juergen; Amerstorfer, Ute; Bauer, Maike;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES      Published on: 01/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/abc9bd

Parker Data Used

Evidence of Subproton-Scale Magnetic Holes in the Venusian Magnetosheath

Abstract Depressions in magnetic field strength, commonly referred to as magnetic holes, are observed ubiquitously in space plasmas. Subproton-scale magnetic holes with spatial scales smaller than or on the order of a proton gyroradius, are likely supported by electron current vortices, rotating perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field. While there are numerous accounts of subproton-scale magnetic holes within the Earth’s magnetosphere, there are few, if any, reported observations in other space plasma environments. We ...

Goodrich, Katherine; Bonnell, John; Curry, Shannon; Livi, Roberto; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Mozer, Forrest; Malaspina, David; Halekas, Jasper; McManus, Michael; Bale, Stuart; Bowen, Trevor; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Larson, Davin; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL090329

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe

2020

Magnetic increases with central current sheets: Observations with Parker Solar Probe

\ Aims: We report the observation by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) of magnetic structures in the solar wind that present a strong peak in their magnetic field magnitude with an embedded central current sheet. Similar structures have been observed, either at the Earth s magnetopause and called interlinked flux tubes, or in the solar wind and called interplanetary field enhancements. \ Methods: In this work, we first investigate two striking events in detail; one occurred in the regular slow solar wind on November 2, 2018 and the o ...

Fargette, N.; Lavraud, B.; Rouillard, A.; Eastwood, J.; Bale, S.; Phan, T.; Oieroset, M.; Halekas, J.; Kasper, J.; Berthomier, M.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Louarn, P.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039191"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Electron heat flux in the near-Sun environment

\ Aims: We survey the electron heat flux observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) in the near-Sun environment at heliocentric distances of 0.125-0.25 AU. \ Methods: We utilized measurements from the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons and FIELDS experiments to compute the solar wind electron heat flux and its components and to place these in context. \ Results: The PSP observations reveal a number of trends in the electron heat flux signatures near the Sun. The magnitude of the heat flux is anticorrelated with solar wind ...

Halekas, J.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; McGinnis, D.; Bale, S.; Berthomier, M.; Case, A.; Chandran, B.; Kasper, J.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Maksimovic, M.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039256"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

PSP/WISPR observations of dust density depletion near the Sun I. Remote observations to 8 Rsol from an observer between 0.13-0.35 AU

Context. In 1929, Russell predicted that dust particles cannot survive in a region close to any star, hence giving justification for a dust free zone to exist inside a certain distance from the star. This theoretical prediction has not been confirmed, even with our Sun. \ Aims: We use the unique vantage points and new perspectives of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission to study the dust environment close to the Sun with imaging observations from the Wide Field Imager for Solar Probe (WISPR) as PSP orbits, progressively clos ...

Stenborg, G.; Howard, R.; Hess, P.; Gallagher, B.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039284"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Modeling proton and electron heating in the fast solar wind

Context. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) measures solar wind protons and electrons near the Sun. To study the thermodynamic properties of electrons and protons, we include electron effects, such as distributed turbulent heating between protons and electrons, Coulomb collisions between protons and electrons, and heat conduction of electrons. \ Aims: We develop a general theoretical model of nearly incompressible magnetohydrodynamic (NI MHD) turbulence coupled with a solar wind model that includes electron pressure and heat flux. ...

Adhikari, L.; Zank, G.P.; Zhao, L.-L.; Nakanotani, M.; Tasnim, S.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039297"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Statistical analysis of orientation, shape, and size of solar wind switchbacks

Context. One of the main discoveries from the first two orbits of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was the presence of magnetic switchbacks, whose deflections dominated the magnetic field measurements. Determining their shape and size could provide evidence of their origin, which is still unclear. Previous work with a single solar wind stream has indicated that these are long, thin structures although the direction of their major axis could not be determined. \ Aims: We investigate if this long, thin nature extends to other solar wi ...

Laker, R.; Horbury, T.; Bale, S.; Matteini, L.; Woolley, T.; Woodham, L.; Badman, S.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039354"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Dust observations from Parker Solar Probe: Dust ejection from the inner Solar System

Context. The FIELDS instrument onboard Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observes dust impacts on the spacecraft. The derived dust flux rates suggest that the particles originate from the vicinities of the Sun and are ejected by radiation pressure. Radiation pressure typically ejects particles of several 100 nm and smaller, which are also affected by the electromagnetic force. \ Aims: We aim to understand the influence of the electromagnetic force on the dust trajectories and to predict the dust fluxes along the orbit of PSP, within ...

Mann, I.; Czechowski, A.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039362"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Tracking solar wind flows from rapidly varying viewpoints by the Wide-field Imager for Parker Solar Probe

\ Aims: Our goal is to develop methodologies to seamlessly track transient solar wind flows viewed by coronagraphs or heliospheric imagers from rapidly varying viewpoints. \ Methods: We constructed maps of intensity versus time and elongation (J-maps) from Parker Solar Probe (PSP) Wide- field Imager (WISPR) observations during the fourth encounter of PSP. From the J-map, we built an intensity on impact-radius-on- Thomson-surface map (R-map). Finally, we constructed a latitudinal intensity versus time map (Lat-map). Our metho ...

Nindos, A.; Patsourakos, S.; Vourlidas, A.; Liewer, P.C.; Penteado, P.; Hall, J.R.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039414"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Enhanced proton parallel temperature inside patches of switchbacks in the inner heliosphere

Context. Switchbacks are discrete angular deflections in the solar wind magnetic field that have been observed throughout the heliosphere. Recent observations by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) have revealed the presence of patches of switchbacks on the scale of hours to days, separated by quieter radial fields. \ Aims: We aim to further diagnose the origin of these patches using measurements of proton temperature anisotropy that can illuminate possible links to formation processes in the solar corona. \ Methods: We fitted 3D bi- ...

Woodham, L.; Horbury, T.; Matteini, L.; Woolley, T.; Laker, R.; Bale, S.; Nicolaou, G.; Stawarz, J.; Stansby, D.; Hietala, H.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Verniero, J.; McManus, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Raouafi, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039415"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Switchbacks as signatures of magnetic flux ropes generated by interchange reconnection in the corona

The structure of magnetic flux ropes injected into the solar wind during reconnection in the coronal atmosphere is explored with particle-in-cell simulations and compared with in situ measurements of magnetic switchbacks from the Parker Solar Probe. We suggest that multi-x-line reconnection between open and closed flux in the corona injects flux ropes into the solar wind and that these flux ropes convect outward over long distances before eroding due to reconnection. Simulations that explore the magnetic structure of flu ...

Drake, J.; Agapitov, A.; Swisdak, M.; Badman, S.; Bale, S.; Horbury, T.; Kasper, Justin; MacDowall, R.; Mozer, F.; Phan, T.; Pulupa, M.; Szabo, A.; Velli, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039432"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Coronal mass ejections observed by heliospheric imagers at 0.2 and 1 au. The events on April 1 and 2, 2019

Context. We study two coronal mass ejections (CMEs) observed between April 1 to 2, 2019 by both the inner Wide-Field Imager for Parker Solar Probe (WISPR-I) onboard the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft (located between about 46 and 38 solar radii during this period) and the inner heliospheric imager (HI-1) onboard the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Ahead (STEREO-A) spacecraft, orbiting the Sun at about 0.96 au. This is the first study of CME observations from two viewpoints in similar directions but at considerab ...

Braga, C.; Vourlidas, A.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039490"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Identification of coherent structures in space plasmas: The magnetic helicity-PVI method

Context. Plasma turbulence can be viewed as a magnetic landscape populated by large- and small-scale coherent structures. In this complex network, large helical magnetic tubes might be separated by small-scale magnetic reconnection events (current sheets). However, the identification of these magnetic structures in a continuous stream of data has always been a challenging task. \ Aims: Here, we present a method that is able to characterize both the large- and small-scale structures of the turbulent solar wind, based on the c ...

Pecora, F.; Servidio, S.; Greco, A.; Matthaeus, W.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039639"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Evolution of a steamer-blowout CME as observed by imagers on Parker Solar Probe and the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory

Context. On 26-27 January 2020, the Wide-field Imager for Solar Probe on Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed a coronal mass ejection (CME) from a distance of approximately 30 R$_\ensuremath\odot$ as it passed through the instrument s 95\textdegree field-of- view, providing an unprecedented view of the flux rope morphology of the CME s internal structure. The same CME was seen by Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory-Ahead (STEREO-A), beginning on 25 January. \ Aims: Our goal is to understand the origin and determine the traj ...

Liewer, P.; Qiu, J.; Vourlidas, A.; Hall, J.; Penteado, P.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039641"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus



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