# PSP Bibliography

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## Found 864 entries in the Bibliography.

### Showing entries from 151 through 200

 2022 New Insights into the First Two PSP Solar Encounters Enabled by Modeling Analysis with ADAPT-WSA Parker Solar Probe s (PSP s) unique orbital path allows us to observe the solar wind closer to the Sun than ever before. Essential to advancing our knowledge of solar wind and energetic particle formation is identifying the sources of PSP observations. We report on results for the first two PSP solar encounters derived using the Wang-Sheeley-Arge (WSA) model driven by Air Force Data Assimilative Photospheric Flux Transport (ADAPT) model maps. We derive the coronal magnetic field and the 1 R $_\ensuremath\odot$ source regions ... Wallace, Samantha; Jones, Shaela; Arge, Nick; Viall, Nicholeen; Henney, Carl; Published by: \apj      Published on: aug YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac731c Turbulence and Waves in the Sub-Alfv\ enic Solar Wind Observed by the Parker Solar Probe during Encounter 10 During its 10th orbit around the Sun, the Parker Solar Probe sampled two intervals where the local Alfv\ en speed exceeded the solar wind speed, lasting more than 10 hours in total. In this paper, we analyze the turbulence and wave properties during these periods. The turbulence is observed to be Alfv\ enic and unbalanced, dominated by outward-propagating modes. The power spectrum of the outward-propagating Elsässer z $^+$ mode steepens at high frequencies while that of the inward- propagating z $^-$ mode flattens. The obse ... Zhao, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Adhikari, L.; Telloni, D.; Stevens, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Bale, S.~D.; Raouafi, N.~E.; Published by: \apjl      Published on: aug YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac8353 Patches of Magnetic Switchbacks and Their Origins Parker Solar Probe (PSP) has shown that the solar wind in the inner heliosphere is characterized by the quasi omnipresence of magnetic switchbacks ( switchback hereinafter), local backward bends of magnetic field lines. Switchbacks also tend to come in patches, with a large-scale modulation that appears to have a spatial scale size comparable to supergranulation on the Sun. Here we inspect data from the first 10 encounters of PSP focusing on different time intervals when clear switchback patches were observed by PSP. We s ... Shi, Chen; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Tenerani, Anna; Verniero, Jaye; Sioulas, Nikos; Huang, Zesen; Brosius, A.; Bale, Stuart; Klein, Kristopher; Kasper, Justin; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Published by: \apj      Published on: aug YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac7c11 The Turbulent Properties of the Sub-Alfv\ enic Solar Wind Measured by the Parker Solar Probe For the first time, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed the sub- Alfv\ enic solar wind where the solar wind bulk speed drops below the local Alfv\ en speed for an extended period of time. Here, we report on the turbulent properties of the sub- Alfv\ enic region. We analyze the turbulence correlation length and the energy transfer and compare the results with nearby super-Alfv\ enic regions. As the Alfv\ en speed is larger or comparable to the solar wind speed in the intervals studied, we use a modified Taylor s hypothesis to a ... Zhao, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Telloni, D.; Stevens, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Bale, S.~D.; Published by: \apjl      Published on: apr YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac5fb0 Using Single-view Observations of Cometary Plasma Tails to Infer Solar Wind Speed A comet plasma tail is a product of the interaction between the solar wind and the comet s coma, and has long been studied as a natural probe of the solar wind condition. We previously developed a method to derive the solar wind speed from dual-view observations of comet plasma tails. Here we improve the method to use single-view observations by assuming a radially propagating solar wind and apply it to two comets, C/2011 W3 (Lovejoy) and C/2012 S1 (ISON) observed by coronagraphs on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observato ... Cheng, Long; Wang, Yuming; Li, Xiaolei; Published by: \apj      Published on: apr YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac5410 Plasma Parameters From Quasi-Thermal Noise Observed by Parker Solar Probe: A New Model for the Antenna Response Quasi-Thermal Noise (QTN) spectroscopy is a reliable diagnostic routinely used for measuring electron density and temperature in space plasmas. The observed spectrum depends on both antenna geometry and plasma kinetic properties. Parker solar probe (PSP), launched in 2018, is equipped with an antenna system consisting of two linear dipoles with a significant gap between the antenna arms. Such a configuration, not utilized on previous missions, cannot be completely described by current models of the antenna response function. ... c, Mihailo; c, Antonije; Klein, Kristopher; c, Milan; Issautier, Karine; Liu, Mingzhe; Pulupa, Marc; Bale, Stuart; Halekas, Jasper; McManus, Michael; Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: apr YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA030182 First Results From the SCM Search-Coil Magnetometer on Parker Solar Probe Parker Solar Probe is the first mission to probe in situ the innermost heliosphere, revealing an exceptionally dynamic and structured outer solar corona. Its payload includes a search-coil magnetometer (SCM) that measures up to three components of the fluctuating magnetic field between 3 Hz and 1 MHz. After more than 3 years of operation, the SCM has revealed a multitude of different wave phenomena in the solar wind. Here we present an overview of some of the discoveries made so far. These include oblique and sunward propaga ... de Wit, Dudok; Krasnoselskikh, V.~V.; Agapitov, O.; Froment, C.; Larosa, A.; Bale, S.~D.; Bowen, T.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Jannet, G.; Kretzschmar, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Malaspina, D.; Martin, P.; Page, B.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: apr YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA030018 Magnetic Switchback Occurrence Rates in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe and 1 au The subject of switchbacks, defined either as large angular deflections or polarity reversals of the magnetic field, has generated substantial interest in the space physics community since the launch of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) in 2018. Previous studies have characterized switchbacks in several different ways and have been restricted to data available from the first few orbits. Here, we analyze the frequency of occurrence of switchbacks per unit distance for the first full eight orbits of PSP. In this work, events that r ... Pecora, Francesco; Matthaeus, William; Primavera, Leonardo; Greco, Antonella; Chhiber, Rohit; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Servidio, Sergio; Published by: \apjl      Published on: apr YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac62d4 The Dynamic Coupling of Streamers and Pseudostreamers to the Heliosphere The slow solar wind is generally believed to result from the interaction of open and closed coronal magnetic flux at streamers and pseudostreamers. We use three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations to determine the detailed structure and dynamics of open-closed interactions that are driven by photospheric convective flows. The photospheric magnetic field model includes a global dipole giving rise to a streamer together with a large parasitic polarity region giving rise to a pseudostreamer that separates a satellite co ... Aslanyan, V.; Pontin, D.~I.; Higginson, A.~K.; Wyper, P.~F.; Scott, R.~B.; Antiochos, S.~K.; Published by: \apj      Published on: apr YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac5d5b Possible Evidence for Shear-driven Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability along the Boundary of Fast and Slow Solar Wind in the Corona This paper reports the first possible evidence for the development of the Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) instability at the border of coronal holes separating the associated fast wind from the slower wind originating from adjacent streamer regions. Based on a statistical data set of spectroscopic measurements of the UV corona acquired with the UltraViolet Coronagraph Spectrometer on board the SOlar and Heliospheric Observatory during the minimum activity of solar cycle 22, high temperature-velocity correlations are found along the fa ... Telloni, Daniele; Adhikari, Laxman; Zank, Gary; Zhao, Lingling; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Antonucci, Ester; Giordano, Silvio; Mancuso, Salvatore; Published by: \apj      Published on: apr YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac5cc3 Solar Wind Model Supported by Parker Solar Probe Observations During Faint Venusian Auroral Emission The encounter of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) with Venus during the Venus Gravity Assist 3 on 2020 July 11 provided a unique opportunity to gather in situ solar wind data in the Venusian environment while also being able to observe Venus from ground- based facilities on Earth. The Wang-Sheeley-Arge (WSA) model was used to make accurate predictions of solar wind velocity and interplanetary magnetic field polarity at Earth and STEREO-A, as compared to in situ data at each spacecraft. The same model was then used to predict sol ... Kovac, Sarah; Gray, Candace; Arge, Nick; Chanover, Nancy; Churchill, Christopher; Szabo, Adam; Hill, Matthew; McAteer, James; Published by: \apj      Published on: apr YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac58f4 Markovian Features of the Solar Wind at Subproton Scales The interplanetary magnetic field carried out from the Sun by the solar wind displays fluctuations over a wide range of scales. While at large scales, say at frequencies lower than 0.1-1 Hz, fluctuations display the universal character of fully developed turbulence with a well-defined Kolmogorov-like inertial range, the physical and dynamical properties of the small-scale regime as well as their connection with the large-scale ones are still a debated topic. In this work we investigate the near-Sun magnetic field fluctuation ... Benella, Simone; Stumpo, Mirko; Consolini, Giuseppe; Alberti, Tommaso; Carbone, Vincenzo; Laurenza, Monica; Published by: \apjl      Published on: apr YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac6107 On the Conservation of Turbulence Energy in Turbulence Transport Models Zank et al. developed models describing the transport of low-frequency incompressible and nearly incompressible turbulence in inhomogeneous flows. The formalism was based on expressing the fluctuating variables in terms of the Elsässar variables and then taking moments subject to various closure hypotheses. The turbulence transport models are different according to whether the plasma beta regime is large, of order unity, or small. Here, we show explicitly that the three sets of turbulence transport models admit a conser ... Wang, B.; Zank, G.~P.; Adhikari, L.; Zhao, L.; Published by: \apj      Published on: apr YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac596e Anisotropy of Magnetic Field Spectra at Kinetic Scales of Solar Wind Turbulence as Revealed by the Parker Solar Probe in the Inner Heliosphere Using the Parker Solar Probe data taken in the inner heliosphere, we investigate the power and spatial anisotropy of magnetic field spectra at kinetic scales (i.e., around sub-ion scales) in solar wind turbulence in the inner heliosphere. We find that strong anisotropy of the magnetic spectra occurs at kinetic scales with the strongest power in the perpendicular direction with respect to the local magnetic field (forming an angle \ensuremath\theta $_B$ with the mean flow velocity). The spectral index of the magnetic spectra ... Huang, S.~Y.; Xu, S.~B.; Zhang, J.; Sahraoui, F.; es, Andr\; He, J.~S.; Yuan, Z.~G.; Deng, X.~H.; Jiang, K.; Wei, Y.~Y.; Xiong, Q.~Y.; Wang, Z.; Yu, L.; Lin, R.~T.; Published by: \apjl      Published on: apr YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac5f02 Validation of a Wave Heated 3D MHD Coronal-wind Model using Polarized Brightness and EUV Observations The physical properties responsible for the formation and evolution of the corona and heliosphere are still not completely understood. 3D MHD global modeling is a powerful tool to investigate all the possible candidate processes. To fully understand the role of each of them, we need a validation process where the output from the simulations is quantitatively compared to the observational data. In this work, we present the results from our validation process applied to the wave turbulence driven 3D MHD corona-wind model WindP ... Parenti, Susanna; eville, Victor; Brun, Allan; Pinto, Rui; Auchère, Fr\; Buchlin, Eric; Perri, Barbara; Strugarek, Antoine; Published by: \apj      Published on: apr YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac56da The first widespread solar energetic particle event of solar cycle 25 on 2020 November 29. Shock wave properties and the wide distribution of solar energetic particles Context. On 2020 November 29, an eruptive event occurred in an active region located behind the eastern solar limb as seen from Earth. The event consisted of an M4.4 class flare, a coronal mass ejection, an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) wave, and a white-light (WL) shock wave. The eruption gave rise to the first widespread solar energetic particle (SEP) event of solar cycle 25, which was observed at four widely separated heliospheric locations (\ensuremath\sim230\textdegree). \ Aims: Our aim is to better understand the source of ... Kouloumvakos, A.; Kwon, R.~Y.; ia, Rodr\; Lario, D.; Dresing, N.; Kilpua, E.~K.~J.; Vainio, R.; Török, T.; Plotnikov, I.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Downs, C.; Linker, J.~A.; Malandraki, O.~E.; Pinto, R.~F.; Riley, P.; Allen, R.~C.; Published by: \aap      Published on: apr YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202142515 Kinetic-scale Current Sheets in Near-Sun Solar Wind: Properties, Scale-dependent Features and Reconnection Onset We present statistical analysis of 11,200 proton kinetic-scale current sheets (CS) observed by the Parker Solar Probe during 10 days around the first perihelion. The CS thickness {\ensuremath{\lambda}} is in the range from a few to 200 km with the typical value around 30 km, while current densities are in the range from 0.1 to 10 {\ensuremath{\mu}}A m$^{-2}$ with the typical value around 0.7 {\ensuremath{\mu}}A m$^{-2}$. These CSs are resolved thanks to magnetic field measurements at 73-290 samples s$^{-1}$ resolution. In te ... Lotekar, A.~B.; Vasko, I.~Y.; Phan, T.; Bale, S.~D.; Bowen, T.~A.; Halekas, J.; Artemyev, A.~V.; Khotyaintsev, Yu.; Mozer, F.~S.; Published by: \apj      Published on: apr YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac5bd9 2021 Nonlinear Wave-Wave Coupling Related to Whistler-mode and Electron Bernstein Waves Observed by the Parker Solar Probe We report nonlinear wave-wave coupling related to whistler-mode or electron Bernstein waves in the near-Sun slow solar wind with Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data. Prominent plasma wave power enhancements usually exist near the electron gyrofrequency (f$_ce$), identified as electrostatic whistler-mode and electron Bernstein waves (Malaspina et al. 2020). We find that these plasma waves near f$_ce$ typically have a harmonic spectral structure and further classify them into three types identified by the characteristics of wave fre ... Ma, Jiuqi; Gao, Xinliang; Yang, Zhongwei; Tsurutani, Bruce; Liu, Mingzhe; Lu, Quanming; Wang, Shui; Published by: \apj      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0ef4 Icarus: In-situ monitoring of the surface degradation on a near-Sun asteroid Icarus is a mission concept designed to record the activity of an asteroid during a close encounter with the Sun. The primary science goal of the mission is to unravel the nontrivial mechanism(s) that destroy asteroids on orbits with small perihelion distances. Understanding the destruction mechanism(s) allows us to constrain the bulk composition and interior structure of asteroids in general. The Icarus mission does not only aim to achieve its science goals but also functions as a technical demonstration of what a low-cost ... Lehtinen, Tuomas; Granvik, Mikael; Bellome, Andrea; anchez, Joan-Pau; Published by: Acta Astronautica      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2021.05.028 Parker solar probe observations of helical structures as boundaries for energetic particles Energetic particle transport in the interplanetary medium is known to be affected by magnetic structures. It has been demonstrated for solar energetic particles in near-Earth orbit studies, and also for the more energetic cosmic rays. In this paper, we show observational evidence that intensity variations of solar energetic particles can be correlated with the occurrence of helical magnetic flux tubes and their boundaries. The analysis is carried out using data from Parker Solar Probe orbit 5, in the period 2020 May 24 to Ju ... Pecora, F.; Servidio, S.; Greco, A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; Giacalone, J.; Joyce, C.~J.; Getachew, T.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Leske, R.~A.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; McNutt, R.~L.; Hill, M.~E.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Christian, E.~R.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Bale, S.~D.; Published by: \mnras      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stab2659 Toward a Physics Based Model of Hypervelocity Dust Impacts There has been important understanding of the process by which a hypersonic dust impact makes an electrical signal on a spacecraft sensor, leading to a fuller understanding of the Kellogg, Paul; Bale, S.~D.; Goetz, Keith; Monson, Steven; Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028415 BepiColombo s cruise phase: unique opportunity for synergistic observations The investigation of multi-spacecraft coordinated observations during the cruise phase of BepiColombo (ESA/JAXA) are reported, with a particular emphasis on the recently launched missions, Solar Orbiter (ESA/NASA) and Parker Solar Probe (NASA). Despite some payload constraints, many instruments onboard BepiColombo are operating during its cruise phase simultaneously covering a wide range of heliocentric distances [0.28 AU - 0.5 AU]. Hence, the various spacecraft configurations and the combined in-situ and remote sensing meas ... Hadid, L.~Z.; enot, V.; Aizawa, S.; Milillo, A.; Zender, J.; Murakami, G.; Benkhoff, J.; Zouganelis, I.; Alberti, T.; e, Andr\; Bebesi, Z.; Califano, F.; Dimmock, A.~P.; Dosa, M.; Escoubet, C.~P.; Griton, L.; Ho, G.~C.; Horbury, T.~S.; Iwai, K.; Janvier, M.; Kilpua, E.; Lavraud, B.; Madar, A.; Miyoshi, Y.; Müller, D.; Pinto, R.~F.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Raines, J.~M.; Raouafi, N.; Sahraoui, F.; anchez-Cano, B.; Shiota, D.; Vainio, R.; Walsh, A.; Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2021.718024 Triggered Ion-acoustic Waves in the Solar Wind For more than 12 hr beginning on 2021 January 18, continuous narrowband electrostatic emissions were observed on the Parker Solar Probe near 20 solar radii. The observed <1000 Hz frequencies were well below the local ion-plasma frequency. Surprisingly, the emissions consisted of electrostatic wave packets with shock- like envelopes, appearing repetitively at a \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde1.5 Hz rate. This repetitiveness correlated and was in phase with low-frequency electromagnetic fluctuations. The emissions were associat ... Mozer, F.~S.; Vasko, I.~Y.; Verniero, J.~L.; Published by: \apjl      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac2259 On the Origin of Switchbacks Observed in the Solar Wind The origin of switchbacks in the solar wind is discussed in two classes of theory that differ in the location of the source being either near the transition region near the Sun or in the solar wind itself. The two classes of theory differ in their predictions of the switchback rate (the number of switchbacks observed per hour) as a function of distance from the Sun. To distinguish between these theories, one-hour averages of Parker Solar Probe data were averaged over five orbits to find the following: (1) The hourly averaged ... Mozer, F.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Drake, J.~F.; Hanson, E.~L.~M.; Mozer, M.~C.; Published by: \apj      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac110d On the Role of Solar Wind Expansion as a Source of Whistler Waves: Scattering of Suprathermal Electrons and Heat Flux Regulation in the Inner Heliosphere The role of solar wind expansion in generating whistler waves is investigated using the EB-iPic3D code, which models solar wind expansion self-consistently within a fully kinetic semi-implicit approach. The simulation is initialized with an electron velocity distribution function modeled after observations of the Parker Solar Probe during its first perihelion at 0.166 au, consisting of a dense core and an antisunward strahl. This distribution function is initially stable with respect to kinetic instabilities. Expansion drive ... Micera, A.; Zhukov, A.~N.; opez, R.~A.; Boella, E.; Tenerani, A.; Velli, M.; Lapenta, G.; Innocenti, M.~E.; Published by: \apj      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1067 The Evolution of Compressible Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: PSP, THEMIS, and MAVEN Observations The first computations of the compressible energy transfer rate from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.2 up to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde1.7 au is obtained using Parker Solar Probe (PSP), Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS), and Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) observations. Using a recently derived exact relation for isothermal magnetohydrodynamics turbulence, the compressible energy cascade rate, \ensuremath\varepsilon$_C$, is computed for hundred of events at differ ... es, Andr\; Sahraoui, F.; Hadid, L.~Z.; Huang, S.~Y.; Romanelli, N.; Galtier, S.; DiBraccio, G.; Halekas, J.; Published by: \apj      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0af5 Evolution of Large-amplitude Alfv\ en Waves and Generation of Switchbacks in the Expanding Solar Wind Motivated by recent Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations of switchbacks (abrupt, large-amplitude reversals in the radial magnetic field, which exhibit Alfv\ enic correlations), we examine the dynamics of large-amplitude Alfv\ en waves in the expanding solar wind. We develop an analytic model that makes several predictions: switchbacks should preferentially occur in regions where the solar wind plasma has undergone a greater expansion, the switchback fraction at radii comparable to PSP should be an increasing function of ... Mallet, Alfred; Squire, Jonathan; Chandran, Benjamin; Bowen, Trevor; Bale, Stuart; Published by: \apj      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0c12 Solar wind rotation rate and shear at coronal hole boundaries. Possible consequences for magnetic field inversions Context. In situ measurements by several spacecraft have revealed that the solar wind is frequently perturbed by transient structures that have been interpreted as magnetic folds, jets, waves, and flux ropes that propagate rapidly away from the Sun over a large range of heliocentric distances. Parker Solar Probe (PSP), in particular, has detected very frequent rotations of the magnetic field vector at small heliocentric radial distances, accompanied by surprisingly large solar wind rotation rates. The physical origin of such ... Pinto, R.~F.; Poirier, N.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Griton, L.; Fargette, N.; Kieokaew, R.; Lavraud, B.; Brun, A.~S.; Published by: \aap      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202040180 Dust Directionality and an Anomalous Interplanetary Dust Population Detected by the Parker Solar Probe Theory and previous space missions indicate there are several populations of zodiacal dust. The most prominent populations are grains on bound elliptic orbits (\ensuremath\alpha-meteoroids), and \ensuremath\beta-meteoroids on hyperbolic escape trajectories governed largely by their size and composition. Yet, there may be other populations not yet confirmed by observation. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft is able to observe in situ dust populations in the densest part of the zodiacal cloud. Over the first seven orbits, ... Pusack, A.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Szalay, J.~R.; Bale, S.~D.; Goetz, Keith; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Published by: \psj      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/PSJ/ac0bb9 Collisional Evolution of the Inner Zodiacal Cloud The zodiacal cloud is one of the largest structures in the solar system and strongly governed by meteoroid collisions near the Sun. Collisional erosion occurs throughout the zodiacal cloud, yet it is historically difficult to directly measure and has never been observed for discrete meteoroid streams. After six orbits with Parker Solar Probe (PSP), its dust impact rates are consistent with at least three distinct populations: bound zodiacal dust grains on elliptic orbits (\ensuremath\alpha-meteoroids), unbound \ensuremath\be ... Szalay, J.~R.; y, Pokorn\; Malaspina, D.~M.; Pusack, A.; Bale, S.~D.; Battams, K.; Gasque, L.~C.; Goetz, K.; Krüger, H.; McComas, D.~J.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Strub, P.; Published by: \psj      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/PSJ/abf928 Characteristic Scales of Magnetic Switchback Patches Near the Sun and Their Possible Association With Solar Supergranulation and Granulation Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data recorded within a heliocentric radial distance of 0.3 au have revealed a magnetic field dominated by Alfv\ enic structures that undergo large local variations or even reversals of the radial magnetic field. They are called magnetic switchbacks, they are consistent with folds in magnetic field lines within a same magnetic sector and are associated with velocity spikes during an otherwise calmer background. They are thought to originate either in the low solar atmosphere through magnetic reconnect ... Fargette, Na; Lavraud, Benoit; Rouillard, Alexis; eville, Victor; de Wit, Thierry; Froment, Clara; Halekas, Jasper; Phan, Tai; Malaspina, David; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Louarn, Philippe; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Berthomier, Matthieu; Published by: \apj      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1112 Effect of Dust Rotational Disruption by Radiative Torques and Implications for the F-corona Decrease Revealed by the Parker Solar Probe The first-year results from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) reveal a Hoang, Thiem; Lazarian, Alex; Lee, Hyeseung; Cho, Kyungsuk; Gu, Pin-Gao; Ng, Chi-Hang; Published by: \apj      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac126e Exploring the Solar Wind from Its Source on the Corona into the Inner Heliosphere during the First Solar Orbiter-Parker Solar Probe Quadrature This Letter addresses the first Solar Orbiter (SO)-Parker Solar Probe (PSP) quadrature, occurring on 2021 January 18 to investigate the evolution of solar wind from the extended corona to the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, the same plasma volume observed remotely in the corona at altitudes between 3.5 and 6.3 solar radii above the solar limb with the Metis coronagraph on SO can be tracked to PSP, orbiting at 0.1 au, thus allowing the local properties of the solar wind to be linked to the coronal source re ... Telloni, Daniele; Andretta, Vincenzo; Antonucci, Ester; Bemporad, Alessandro; Capuano, Giuseppe; Fineschi, Silvano; Giordano, Silvio; Habbal, Shadia; Perrone, Denise; Pinto, Rui; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Spadaro, Daniele; Susino, Roberto; Woodham, Lloyd; Zank, Gary; Romoli, Marco; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Auchère, Fr\; Bruno, Roberto; Capobianco, Gerardo; Case, Anthony; Casini, Chiara; Casti, Marta; Chioetto, Paolo; Corso, Alain; Da Deppo, Vania; De Leo, Yara; de Wit, Thierry; Frassati, Federica; Frassetto, Fabio; Goetz, Keith; Guglielmino, Salvo; Harvey, Peter; Heinzel, Petr; Jerse, Giovanna; Korreck, Kelly; Landini, Federico; Larson, Davin; Liberatore, Alessandro; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Magli, Enrico; Malaspina, David; Massone, Giuseppe; Messerotti, Mauro; Moses, John; Naletto, Giampiero; Nicolini, Gianalfredo; o, Giuseppe; Panasenco, Olga; Pancrazzi, Maurizio; Pelizzo, Maria; Pulupa, Marc; Reale, Fabio; Romano, Paolo; Sasso, Clementina; Schühle, Udo; Stangalini, Marco; Stevens, Michael; Strachan, Leonard; Straus, Thomas; Teriaca, Luca; Uslenghi, Michela; Velli, Marco; Verscharen, Daniel; Volpicelli, Cosimo; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Zangrilli, Luca; Zimbardo, Gaetano; Zuppella, Paola; Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac282f Comparative Analysis of the 2020 November 29 Solar Energetic Particle Event Observed by Parker Solar Probe We analyze two specific features of the intense solar energetic particle (SEP) event observed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) between 2020 November 29 and 2020 December 2. The interplanetary counterpart of the coronal mass ejection (CME) on 2020 November 29 that generated the SEP event (hereafter ICME-2) arrived at PSP (located at 0.8 au from the Sun) on 2020 December 1. ICME-2 was preceded by the passage of an interplanetary shock at 18:35 UT on 2020 November 30 (hereafter S2), that in turn was preceded by another ICME (i.e., I ... Lario, D.; Richardson, I.~G.; Palmerio, E.; Lugaz, N.; Bale, S.~D.; Stevens, M.~L.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Giacalone, J.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Szabo, A.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Wilson, L.~B.; Christian, E.~R.; Hill, M.~E.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Published by: \apj      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac157f Predicting the Magnetic Fields of a Stealth CME Detected by Parker Solar Probe at 0.5 au Stealth coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are eruptions from the Sun that are not associated with appreciable low-coronal signatures. Because they often cannot be linked to a well-defined source region on the Sun, analysis of their initial magnetic configuration and eruption dynamics is particularly problematic. In this article, we address this issue by undertaking the first attempt at predicting the magnetic fields of a stealth CME that erupted in 2020 June from the Earth-facing Sun. We estimate its source region with the aid o ... Palmerio, Erika; Kay, Christina; Al-Haddad, Nada; Lynch, Benjamin; Yu, Wenyuan; Stevens, Michael; Pal, Sanchita; Lee, Christina; Published by: \apj      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac25f4 Alfv\ en Speed Transition Zone in the Solar Corona The Alfv\ en radius, r$_A$, at which solar wind radial outflow speed exceeds the Alfv\ en wave speed, is an important parameter in understanding solar wind evolution in the extended corona. The mean solar wind angular momentum scales with $r_A^2$ in the axisymmetric steady-state approximation, so the Alfv\ en radius is often referenced in the study of solar wind corotation and dynamics. Alfv\ en wave speed is derived from the magnetic-field intensity and plasma mass density. In the inner coronal regions, these parameters wer ... Wexler, David; Stevens, Michael; Case, Anthony; Song, Paul; Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac25fa Energetic Electron Observations by Parker Solar Probe/IS\ensuremath\odotIS during the First Widespread SEP Event of Solar Cycle 25 on 2020 November 29 At the end of 2020 November, two coronal mass ejections (CMEs) erupted from the Sun and propagated through the interplanetary medium in the direction of Parker Solar Probe while the spacecraft was located at \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.81 au. The passage of these interplanetary CMEs (ICMEs) starting on November 29 (DOY 334) produced the largest enhancement of energetic ions and electrons observed by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS\ensuremath\odotIS) energetic particle instrument suite on board Parker ... Mitchell, J.~G.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Hill, M.~E.; Christian, E.~R.; Richardson, I.~G.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Bale, S.~D.; Giacalone, J.; Joyce, C.~J.; Niehof, J.~T.; Szalay, J.~R.; Published by: \apj      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac110e A statistical evaluation of ballistic backmapping for the slow solar wind: The interplay of solar wind acceleration and corotation Mapping solar wind plasma back to its source is often achieved using the two-step ballistic backmapping method. Solar wind observations are mapped through the heliosphere to the edge of a PFSS model, by assuming a constant speed, radial, plasma flow. Tracing field lines through the model gives the source location at 1 R$_\ensuremath\odot$ The heliospheric mapping component hinges upon the argument that two known sources of error, stemming from solar wind acceleration and non-radial flow, effectively cancel. This assumption ... Macneil, Allan; Owens, Mathew; Finley, Adam; Matt, Sean; Published by: \mnras      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stab2965 Evolution of Switchbacks in the Inner Heliosphere We analyze magnetic field data from the first six encounters of Parker Solar Probe, three Helios fast streams and two Ulysses south polar passes covering heliocentric distances 0.1 \ensuremath\lesssim R \ensuremath\lesssim 3 au. We use this data set to statistically determine the evolution of switchbacks of different periods and amplitudes with distance from the Sun. We compare the radial evolution of magnetic field variances with that of the mean square amplitudes of switchbacks, and quantify the radial evolution of the cum ... Tenerani, Anna; Sioulas, Nikos; Matteini, Lorenzo; Panasenco, Olga; Shi, Chen; Velli, Marco; Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac2606 Solar wind Alfv\ enicity during solar cycle 23 and 24. Perspective for future observations with Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter Context. Alfv\ enic fluctuations are ubiquitous features observed in solar wind, especially in the inner heliosphere. However, strong Alfv\ enic fluctuations are recovered in the near-Earth solar wind too, mainly in fast streams, but also in some cases in slow wind intervals, as highlighted in recent studies. \ Aims: The present study focuses on a statistical comparison between different phases of solar cycles 23 and 24 with regard to the Alfv\ enic content of solar wind fluctuations. Particular attention is devoted to the A ... Amicis, R.; Alielden, K.; Perrone, D.; Bruno, R.; Telloni, D.; Raines, J.~M.; Lepri, S.~T.; Zhao, L.; Published by: \aap      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140600 ORFEES - a radio spectrograph for the study of solar radio bursts and space weather applications Radio bursts are sensitive tracers of non-thermal electron populations in the solar corona. They are produced by electron beams and shock waves propagating through the corona and the heliosphere, and by trapped electron populations in coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and in quiescent active regions. Combining space-borne and ground-based radio spectrographs allows one to track disturbances between the low corona, near or at the sites of particle acceleration, and the spacecraft. Radio observations are, therefore, a significant ... Hamini, Abdallah; Auxepaules, Gabriel; ee, Lionel; Kenfack, Guy; Kerdraon, Alain; Klein, Karl-Ludwig; Lespagnol, Patrice; Masson, Sophie; Coutouly, Lucile; Fabrice, Christian; Romagnan, Renaud; Published by: Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2021039 Ambipolar Electric Field and Potential in the Solar Wind Estimated from Electron Velocity Distribution Functions The solar wind escapes from the solar corona and is accelerated, over a short distance, to its terminal velocity. The energy balance associated with this acceleration remains poorly understood. To quantify the global electrostatic contribution to the solar wind dynamics, we empirically estimate the ambipolar electric field (E$_\ensuremath\parallel$) and potential (\ensuremath\Phi$_r,\ensuremath\infty$). We analyze electron velocity distribution functions (VDFs) measured in the near-Sun solar wind between 20.3 R$_S$ and 85.3 ... Ber\vci\vc, Laura; c, Milan; Halekas, Jasper; Landi, Simone; Owen, Christopher; Verscharen, Daniel; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart.; Case, Anthony; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Published by: \apj      Published on: nov YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1f1c Macro Magnetic Holes Caused by Ripples in Heliospheric Current Sheet from Coordinated Imaging and Parker Solar Probe Observations Macro magnetic holes (MMHs), which are significant magnetic field decreases in the solar wind lasting tens of minutes, were found during the first four orbits of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). We performed a detailed analysis of the 2020 January 30 event and found the possible cause of the MMH using coordinated remote sensing observations from STEREO A and PSP in situ measurements. The results indicate that an MMH represents a brief encounter with the rippled heliospheric current sheet (HCS). Out of the data from the first fo ... Chen, Chong; Liu, Ying; Hu, Huidong; Published by: \apj      Published on: nov YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1b2b Energetic Particles Associated with a Coronal Mass Ejection Shock Interacting with a Convected Magnetic Structure On 2020 November 30, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was crossed by a coronal mass ejection (CME)-driven shock, which we suggest was also crossing a convected, isolated magnetic structure (MS) at about the same time. By analyzing PSP/FIELDS magnetic field measurements, we find that the leading edge of the MS coincided with the crossing of the shock, while its trailing edge, identified as a crossing of a current sheet, overtook PSP about 7 minutes later. Prior to the arrival of the shock, the flux of 30 keV-3 MeV ions and electrons, ... Giacalone, J.; Burgess, D.; Bale, S.~D.; Desai, M.~I.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Lario, D.; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Christian, E.~R.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Hill, M.~E.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Getachew, Tibebu; Joyce, C.~J.; Published by: \apj      Published on: nov YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1ce1 Impact of Switchbacks on Turbulent Cascade and Energy Transfer Rate in the Inner Heliosphere Recent Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations of inner heliospheric plasma have shown an abundant presence of Alfv\ enic polarity reversal of the magnetic field, known as switchbacks. While their origin is still debated, their role in driving the solar wind turbulence has been suggested through analysis of the spectral properties of magnetic fluctuations. Here, we provide a complementary assessment of their role in the turbulent cascade. The validation of the third-order linear scaling of velocity and magnetic fluctuation ... andez, Carlos; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Chasapis, Alexandros; asconez, Christian; Marino, Raffaele; Pezzi, Oreste; Published by: \apjl      Published on: nov YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac36d1 Global Distribution of the Solar Wind Speed Reconstructed from Improved Tomographic Analysis of Interplanetary Scintillation Observations between 1985 and 2019 Computer-assisted tomography (CAT) for interplanetary scintillation (IPS) observations enables the determination of the global distribution of solar wind speed. We compared solar wind speeds derived from the CAT analysis of IPS observations between 1985 and 2019 with in situ observations conducted by the near-Earth and Ulysses spacecraft. From this comparison, we found that solar wind speeds from the IPS observations for 2009-2019 were systematically higher than the in situ observations, whereas those for the period until 20 ... Tokumaru, Munetoshi; Fujiki, Ken; Kojima, Masayoshi; Iwai, Kazumasa; Published by: \apj      Published on: nov YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1862 Parker Solar Probe FIELDS Instrument Charging in the Near Sun Environment: Part 1: Computational Model The Spacecraft Interaction Plasma Software package (SPIS), a three dimension particle in cell (PIC) code, was used to model the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft and FIELDS instrument and their interactions with the Solar wind. Our SPIS modeling relied on material properties of new spacecraft materials that we had obtained in previous work. The model was used to find the floating potentials of the spacecraft and FIELDS antennas at different distances from the Sun (from 1AU to 0.046AU). We find the following results: At gre ... Diaz-Aguado, M.~F.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Bale, S.~D.; Wang, J.; Gruntman, M.; Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: may YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028688 Using a Heliospheric Upwinding eXtrapolation (HUX) Technique to Magnetically Connect Different Regions of the Heliosphere Understanding how coronal structure propagates and evolves from the Sun and into the heliosphere has been thoroughly explored using sophisticated MHD models. From these, we have a reasonably good working understanding of the dynamical processes that shape the formation and evolution of stream interaction regions and rarefactions, including their locations, orientations, and structure. However, given the technical expertise required to produce, maintain, and run global MHD models, their use has been relatively restricted. In ... Riley, Pete; Issan, Opal; Published by: Frontiers in Physics      Published on: may YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3389/fphy.2021.679497 Exploiting white-light observations to improve estimates of magnetic connectivity The \emph\Solar Orbiter\ (\emph\SolO\) and \emph\Parker Solar Probe\ (\emph\PSP\) missions have opened up new challenges for the heliospheric scientific community. Their proximity to the Sun and their high quality measurements allow us to investigate, for the first time, potential sources for the solar wind plasma measured in situ. More accurate estimates of magnetic connectivities from spacecraft to the Sun are required to support science and operations for these missions. We present a methodology to systematically compare ... Poirier, Nicolas; Rouillard, Alexis; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Przybylak, Alexis; Fargette, Na; Pobeda, Rapha; eville, Victor; Pinto, Rui; Indurain, Mikel; Alexandre, Matthieu; Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: may YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2021.684734 Solar Origin of Compressive Alfv\ enic Spikes/Kinks as Observed by Parker Solar Probe The solar wind is found by the Parker Solar Probe to be abundant with Alfv\ enic velocity spikes and magnetic field kinks. Temperature enhancement is another remarkable feature associated with the Alfv\ enic spikes. How the prototype of these coincident phenomena is generated intermittently in the source region is an important and wide-ranging subject. Here we propose a new model introducing guide-field discontinuity into the interchange magnetic reconnection between open funnels and closed loops with different magnetic heli ... He, Jiansen; Zhu, Xingyu; Yang, Liping; Hou, Chuanpeng; Duan, Die; Zhang, Lei; Wang, Ying; Published by: \apjl      Published on: may YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf83d