PSP Bibliography





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Found 206 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 51 through 100


2021

Determining Threshold Instrumental Resolutions for Resolving the Velocity Space Signature of Ion Landau Damping

Unraveling the physics of the entire turbulent cascade of energy in space and astrophysical plasmas from the injection of energy at large scales to the dissipation of that energy into plasma heat at small scales, represents an overarching, open question in heliophysics and astrophysics. The fast cadence and high phase space resolution of particle velocity distribution measurements on modern spacecraft missions, such as the recently launched Parker Solar Probe, presents exciting new opportunities for identifying turbulent dis ...

Verniero, J.; Howes, G.; Stewart, D.; Klein, K.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028361

Solar wind; space plasma; turbulence; wave particle interaction; Parker Data Used

Evolution of Solar Wind Turbulence from 0.1 to 1 au during the First Parker Solar Probe-Solar Orbiter Radial Alignment

The first radial alignment between Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter spacecraft is used to investigate the evolution of solar wind turbulence in the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, two 1.5 hr intervals are tentatively identified as providing measurements of the same plasma parcels traveling from 0.1 to 1 au. Using magnetic field measurements from both spacecraft, the properties of turbulence in the two intervals are assessed. Magnetic spectral density, flatness, and high-order moment scaling laws are ca ...

Telloni, Daniele; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Woodham, Lloyd; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Carbone, Francesco; Zank, Gary; Bruno, Roberto; Perrone, Denise; Nakanotani, Masaru; Shi, Chen; Amicis, Raffaella; De Marco, Rossana; Jagarlamudi, Vamsee; Steinvall, Konrad; Marino, Raffaele; Adhikari, Laxman; Zhao, Lingling; Liang, Haoming; Tenerani, Anna; Laker, Ronan; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; MacDowall, Robert; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Owen, Christopher; Livi, Stefano; Louarn, Philippe; Antonucci, Ester; Romoli, Marco; Brien, Helen; Evans, Vincent; Angelini, Virginia;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf7d1

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Alfven waves; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1964; 23; 1544; 830; 1534

Plasma dynamics in low-electron-beta environments

Recent in situ measurements by the MMS and Parker Solar Probe missions bring interest to small-scale plasma dynamics (waves, turbulence, magnetic reconnection) in regions where the electron thermal energy is smaller than the magnetic one. Examples of such regions are the Earth s mangetosheath and the vicinity of the solar corona, and they are also encountered in other astrophysical systems. In this brief review, we consider simple physical models describing plasma dynamics in such low-electron-beta regimes, discuss their con ...

Boldyrev, Stanislav; Loureiro, Nuno; Roytershteyn, Vadim;

Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2021.621040

magnetic fields; Heliosphere; Solar wind; Solar corona; Earth magnetosheath; plasma turbulence; Earth magnetosphere; Collisionless plasma

Correlation of the Sunspot Number and the Waiting-time Distribution of Solar Flares, Coronal Mass Ejections, and Solar Wind Switchback Events Observed with the Parker Solar Probe

Waiting-time distributions of solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) exhibit power-law-like distribution functions with slopes in the range of ατ ≍ 1.4-3.2, as observed in annual data sets during four solar cycles (1974-2012). We find a close correlation between the waiting-time power-law slope ατ and the sunspot number (SN), i.e., ατ = 1.38 + 0.01 × SN. The waiting-time distribution can be fitted with a Pareto-type function of the form N(τ) = N0 $(\tau _0+\tau )^ ...

Aschwanden, Markus; de Wit, Thierry;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abef69

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; solar flares; 1534; 1496; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Multiscale Solar Wind Turbulence Properties inside and near Switchbacks Measured by the Parker Solar Probe

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) routinely observes magnetic field deflections in the solar wind at distances less than 0.3 au from the Sun. These deflections are related to structures commonly called "switchbacks" (SBs), whose origins and characteristic properties are currently debated. Here, we use a database of visually selected SB intervals—and regions of solar wind plasma measured just before and after each SB—to examine plasma parameters, turbulent spectra from inertial to dissipation scales, and intermittency ...

Martinovic, Mihailo; Klein, Kristopher; Huang, Jia; Chandran, Benjamin; Kasper, Justin; Lichko, Emily; Bowen, Trevor; Chen, Christopher; Matteini, Lorenzo; Stevens, Michael; Case, Anthony; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abebe5

Parker Data Used; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1544; 830; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

The Dynamic Formation of Pseudostreamers

Streamers and pseudostreamers structure the corona at the largest scales, as seen in both eclipse and coronagraph white-light images. Their inverted-goblet appearance encloses broad coronal loops at the Sun and tapers to a narrow radial stalk away from the star. The streamer associated with the global solar dipole magnetic field is long-lived, predominantly contains a single arcade of nested loops within it, and separates opposite-polarity interplanetary magnetic fields with the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) anchored at i ...

Scott, Roger; Pontin, David; Antiochos, Spiro; DeVore, Richard; Wyper, Peter;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec4f

Solar Physics; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar wind; 1476; 1504; 1534; Parker Data Used

First Observations of Anomalous Cosmic Rays in to 36 Solar Radii

NASA s Parker Solar Probe mission continues to travel closer to the Sun than any prior human-made object, with an expected closest approach of <10 solar radii (<0.046 au) by 2024. On board, the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite makes unprecedented in situ measurements of energetic particles in the near-Sun environment. The current low level of solar activity offers a prime opportunity to measure cosmic rays closer to the Sun than ever before. We present the first observations of anomalous cosmic ra ...

Rankin, J.; McComas, D.; Leske, R.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Cummings, A.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Mewaldt, R.; Posner, A.; Schwadron, N.; Strauss, R.; Stone, E.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec7e

cosmic rays; Solar wind; Heliosphere; Solar energetic particles; Solar Physics; solar cycle; Quiet Sun; Particle astrophysics; interplanetary magnetic fields; Plasma astrophysics; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Pickup ions; 329; 1534; 711; 1491; 1476; 1487; 1322; 96; 824; 1261; 826; 1239; Parker Data Used

PATCH: Particle Arrival Time Correlation for Heliophysics

The ability to understand the fundamental nature of the physics that governs the heliosphere requires spacecraft instrumentation to measure energy transfer at kinetic scales. This translates to a time cadence resolving the proton kinetic timescales, typically of the order of the proton gyrofrequency. The downlinked survey mode data from modern spacecraft are often much lower resolution than this criterion, meaning that the higher resolution, burst mode data must be captured to study an event at kinetic time scales. Telemetry ...

Verniero, J.; Howes, G.; Stewart, D.; Klein, K.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028940

plasma turbulence; Solar wind; spacecraft Instrumentation; wave particle interaction; Parker Data Used

Nonlinear Ion-acoustic Waves, Ion Holes, and Electron Holes in the Near-Sun Solar Wind

Nonlinear ion-acoustic waves, ion holes, and electron holes have been observed on the Parker Solar Probe at a heliocentric distance of 35 solar radii. These time domain structures contain millisecond duration electric field spikes of several mV m-1. They are observed inside or at boundaries of switchbacks in the background magnetic field. Their presence in switchbacks indicates that both electron- and ion-streaming electrostatic instabilities occur there to thermalize electron and ion beams.

Mozer, F.; Bonnell, J.; Hanson, E.; Gasque, L.; Vasko, I;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abed52

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; 1534

Subproton-scale Intermittency in Near-Sun Solar Wind Turbulence Observed by the Parker Solar Probe

High time-resolution solar wind magnetic field data are employed to study statistics describing intermittency near the first perihelion (∼35.6 R) of the Parker Solar Probe mission. A merged data set employing two instruments on the FIELDS suite enables broadband estimation of higher-order moments of magnetic field increments, with five orders established with reliable accuracy. The duration, cadence, and low noise level of the data permit evaluation of scale dependence of the observed intermittency from the i ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Matthaeus, William; Bowen, Trevor; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf04e

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; 1534; 830; 1964; 1544; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Geophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Parker Solar Probe Evidence for Scattering of Electrons in the Young Solar Wind by Narrowband Whistler-mode Waves

Observations of plasma waves by the Fields Suite and of electrons by the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons Investigation on the Parker Solar Probe provide strong evidence for pitch angle scattering of strahl-energy electrons by narrowband whistler-mode waves at radial distances less than ∼0.3 au. We present two example intervals of a few hours each that include eight waveform captures with whistler-mode waves and 26 representative electron distributions that are examined in detail. Two were narrow, seventeen were cle ...

Cattell, C.; Breneman, A.; Dombeck, J.; Short, B.; Wygant, J.; Halekas, J.; Case, Tony; Kasper, J.; Larson, D.; Stevens, Mike; Whittesley, P.; Bale, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goodrich, K.; MacDowall, R.; Moncuquet, M.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abefdd

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics; Interplanetary physics; Interplanetary particle acceleration; 1534; 1544; 1261; 827; 826; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Evolving solar wind flow properties of magnetic inversions observed by Helios

Macneil, Allan; Owens, Mathew; Wicks, Robert; Lockwood, Mike;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa3983

Sun: heliosphere; Sun: magnetic fields; Solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Switchbacks Explained: Super-Parker Fields—The Other Side of the Sub-Parker Spiral

We provide a simple geometric explanation for the source of switchbacks and associated large and one-sided transverse flows in the solar wind observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). The more radial, sub-Parker spiral structure of the heliospheric magnetic field observed previously by Ulysses, ACE, and STEREO is created within rarefaction regions where footpoint motion from the source of fast into slow wind at the Sun creates a magnetic fieldline connection across solar wind speed shear. Conversely, when footpoints move fro ...

Schwadron, N.; McComas, D.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd4e6

Parker Data Used; Active Solar Corona; Solar wind; Solar Coronal Waves; Solar coronal loops; Solar coronal holes; Solar coronal plumes; Solar magnetic fields; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar spicules; 1988; 1534; 1995; 1485; 1484; 2039; 1503; 824; 1525; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; 85

The Encounter of the Parker Solar Probe and a Comet-like Object Near the Sun: Model Predictions and Measurements

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) aims to explore the nascent solar wind close to the Sun. Meanwhile, PSP is also expected to encounter small objects like comets and asteroids. In this work, we survey the ephemerides to find the chance of a recent encounter and then model the interaction between released dusty plasmas and solar wind plasmas. On 2019 September 2, a comet-like object, the 322P/Solar and Heliosphere Observatory, just passed its perihelion flying to a heliocentric distance of 0.12 au and swept by PSP at a relative di ...

He, Jiansen; Cui, Bo; Yang, Liping; Hou, Chuanpeng; Zhang, Lei; Ip, Wing-Huen; Jia, Ying-Dong; Dong, Chuanfei; Duan, Die; Zong, Qiugang; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Bonnell, John; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abdf4a

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Comet tails; Interplanetary dust; Asteroids; 1534; 274; 821; 72; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Source-dependent Properties of Two Slow Solar Wind States

Two states of the slow solar wind are identified from in situ measurements by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) inside 50 solar radii from the Sun. At such distances the wind measured by PSP has not yet undergone significant transformation related to the expansion and propagation of the wind. We focus in this study on the properties of the quiet solar wind with no magnetic switchbacks. The two states differ by their plasma beta, flux, and magnetic pressure. PSP s magnetic connectivity established with potential field source surfa ...

Griton, Lea; Rouillard, Alexis; Poirier, Nicolas; Issautier, Karine; Moncuquet, Michel; Pinto, Rui;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abe309

Parker Data Used; Slow solar wind; Solar wind; Solar coronal holes; Solar coronal streamers; 1873; 1534; 1484; 1486; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Inferred Linear Stability of Parker Solar Probe Observations Using One- and Two-component Proton Distributions

The hot and diffuse nature of the Sun s extended atmosphere allows it to persist in non-equilibrium states for long enough that wave-particle instabilities can arise and modify the evolution of the expanding solar wind. Determining which instabilities arise, and how significant a role they play in governing the dynamics of the solar wind, has been a decades-long process involving in situ observations at a variety of radial distances. With new measurements from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we can study what wave modes are dr ...

Klein, K.; Verniero, J.; Alterman, B.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Lichko, E.; Livi, R.; McManus, M.; Martinovic, M.; Rahmati, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7a0

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma physics; 1534; 1544; 2089; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

The Ion Transition Range of Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe Observations

The scaling of the turbulent spectra provides a key measurement that allows us to discriminate between different theoretical predictions of turbulence. In the solar wind, this has driven a large number of studies dedicated to this issue using in situ data from various orbiting spacecraft. While a semblance of consensus exists regarding the scaling in the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and dispersive ranges, the precise scaling in the transition range and the actual physical mechanisms that control it remain open questions. Using ...

Huang, S; Sahraoui, F.; Andrés, N.; Hadid, L.; Yuan, Z.; He, J.; Zhao, J.; Galtier, S.; Zhang, J.; Deng, X.; Jiang, K.; Yu, L.; Xu, S.; Xiong, Q; Wei, Y; de Wit, Dudok; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abdaaf

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Solar coronal heating; 1534; 830; 1989; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Determination of Solar Wind Angular Momentum and Alfv\ en Radius from Parker Solar Probe Observations

Liu, Ying; Chen, Chong; Stevens, Michael; Liu, Mingzhe;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abe38e

Fundamental parameters of stars; Solar rotation; Solar wind; 555; 1524; 1534

A Self-consistent Simulation of Proton Acceleration and Transport Near a High-speed Solar Wind Stream

Wijsen, Nicolas; Samara, Evangelia; Aran, Angels; Lario, David; Pomoell, Jens; Poedts, Stefaan;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abe1cb

Solar wind; Corotating streams; Interplanetary particle acceleration; 1534; 314; 826; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Alfv\ enic Waves and Ion-cyclotron Waves in a Small-scale Flux Rope

Shi, Chen; Zhao, Jinsong; Huang, Jia; Wang, Tieyan; Wu, Dejin; Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang; Kasper, Justin; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abdd28

Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma physics; 1534; 1544; 2089

Characteristics of Magnetic Holes in the Solar Wind Revealed by Parker Solar Probe

Yu, L.; Huang, S.~Y.; Yuan, Z.~G.; Jiang, K.; Xiong, Q.~Y.; Xu, S.~B.; Wei, Y.~Y.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, Z.~H.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb9a8

Solar wind; Solar Physics; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 1476; 824; 1503; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Whistlers in the Solar Vicinity That Are Spiky in Time and Frequency

Mozer, F.~S.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Halekas, J.~S.; Rahmati, A.; Schum, G.; Vasko, I.~V.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abce59

Solar wind; Solar Physics; Solar electromagnetic emission; 1534; 1476; 1490

Harmonic Radio Emission in Randomly Inhomogeneous Plasma

In the present paper, we describe a theoretical model of the generation of harmonic emissions of type III solar radio bursts. The goal of our study is to fully take into account the most efficient physical processes involved in the generation of harmonic electromagnetic emission via nonlinear coupling of Langmuir waves in randomly inhomogeneous plasma of solar wind ( $l+l^\prime \to t$ ). We revisit the conventional mechanism of coalescence of primarily generated and back-scattered Langmuir waves in quasihomogeneous plasma. ...

Tkachenko, Anna; Krasnoselskikh, Vladimir; Voshchepynets, Andrii;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd2bd

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Solar Coronal Waves; 1534; 830; 1995; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Radial Evolution of a CIR: Observations From a Nearly Radially Aligned Event Between Parker Solar Probe and STEREO A

The addition of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to the Heliophysics System Observatory has allowed for the unprecedented ability to study Corotating Interaction Regions (CIRs) at multiple radial distances without significant temporal/longitudinal variations. On September 19, 2019, PSP observed a CIR at ∼0.5 au when it was nearly radially aligned with the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Ahead (STEREO A) spacecraft at ∼1 au, allowing for an unambiguous assessment of the radial evolution of a single CIR. Bulk plasma and ma ...

Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Mason, G.; Li, G.; Jian, L.; Vines, S.; Schwadron, N.; Joyce, C.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Desai, M.; Filwett, R.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Hill, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Lario, D.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Paulson, K.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL091376

Parker Data Used; CIRs; parker solar probe; Solar wind; STEREO; suprathermal ions

Random Walk and Trapping of Interplanetary Magnetic Field Lines: Global Simulation, Magnetic Connectivity, and Implications for Solar Energetic Particles

The random walk of magnetic field lines is an important ingredient in understanding how the connectivity of the magnetic field affects the spatial transport and diffusion of charged particles. As solar energetic particles propagate away from near-solar sources, they interact with the fluctuating magnetic field, which modifies their distributions. We develop a formalism in which the differential equation describing the field line random walk contains both effects due to localized magnetic displacements and a non-stochastic co ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Ruffolo, David; Matthaeus, William; Usmanov, Arcadi; Tooprakai, Paisan; Chuychai, Piyanate; Goldstein, Melvyn;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7f0

Parker Data Used; Solar energetic particles; interplanetary turbulence; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar wind; 1491; 830; 824; 1534; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Plumelets: Dynamic Filamentary Structures in Solar Coronal Plumes

Uritsky, V.~M.; DeForest, C.~E.; Karpen, J.~T.; DeVore, C.~R.; Kumar, P.; Raouafi, N.~E.; Wyper, P.~F.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 01/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd186

Solar coronal holes; Solar activity; Solar coronal transients; Solar Coronal Waves; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar wind; Plasma jets; Solar coronal plumes; Solar extreme ultraviolet emission; Direct imaging; Astronomy data analysis; Solar oscillations; 1484; 1475; 312; 1995; 1504; 1534; 1263; 2039; 1493; 387; 1858; 1515; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

2020

Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulent Evolution of a Magnetic Cloud in the Outer Heliosphere

Telloni, Daniele; Zhao, Lingling; Zank, Gary; Liang, Haoming; Nakanotani, Masaru; Adhikari, Laxman; Carbone, Francesco; Amicis, Raffaella; Perrone, Denise; Bruno, Roberto; Dasso, Sergio;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 12/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abcb03

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; interplanetary turbulence; Solar coronal mass ejections; interplanetary magnetic fields; Heliosphere; Solar wind; Solar magnetic reconnection; 1964; 830; 310; 824; 711; 1534; 1504

Prediction of the In Situ Coronal Mass Ejection Rate for Solar Cycle 25: Implications for Parker Solar Probe In Situ Observations

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Solar Orbiter missions are designed to make groundbreaking observations of the Sun and interplanetary space within this decade. We show that a particularly interesting in situ observation of an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) by PSP may arise during close solar flybys (<0.1 au). During these times, the same magnetic flux rope inside an ICME could be observed in situ by PSP twice, by impacting its frontal part as well as its leg. Investigating the odds of this situation, we forecas ...

Möstl, Christian; Weiss, Andreas; Bailey, Rachel; Reiss, Martin; Amerstorfer, Tanja; Hinterreiter, Jürgen; Bauer, Maike; McIntosh, Scott; Lugaz, No\; Stansby, David;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb9a1

Solar coronal mass ejection; Solar storm; Ejecta; space weather; Solar system; Solar wind; Solar Physics; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar magnetic fields

Particle-in-cell Simulation of Whistler Heat-flux Instabilities in the Solar Wind: Heat-flux Regulation and Electron Halo Formation

We present results of a two-dimensional fully kinetic particle-in-cell simulation in order to shed light on the role of whistler waves in the scattering of strahl electrons and in the heat-flux regulation in the solar wind. We model the electron velocity distribution function as initially composed of core and strahl populations as typically encountered in the near-Sun solar wind as observed by Parker Solar Probe. We demonstrate that, as a consequence of the evolution of the electron velocity distribution function (VDF), two ...

Micera, A.; Zhukov, A.; opez, R.; Innocenti, M.; Lazar, M.; Boella, E.; Lapenta, G.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abc0e8

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics

Large-amplitude, Wideband, Doppler-shifted, Ion Acoustic Waves Observed on the Parker Solar Probe

Electric field spectra measured on the\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\ typically contain upwards of 1000 large-amplitude (similar to 15 mV m(-1)), wideband (similar to 100-15,000 Hz), few-second-duration, electric field waveforms per day. The satellite also collected about 85 three-second bursts of electric field waveforms per day at a data rate of similar to 150,000 samples per second. Eight such bursts caught these waves, all of which were located in switchbacks of the magnetic field. A wave burst on 2019 Sep ...

Mozer, F.; Bonnell, J.; Bowen, T.; Schumm, G.; Vasko, I;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abafb4

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind

On the Scaling Properties of Magnetic-field Fluctuations through the Inner Heliosphere

Although the interplanetary magnetic-field variability has been extensively investigated in situ using data from several space missions, newly launched missions providing high-resolution measures and approaching the Sun offer the possibility to study the multiscale variability in the innermost\ solar\ system. Here, using\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\ measurements, we investigate the scaling properties of\ solar\ wind magnetic-field fluctuations at different heliocentric distances. The resu ...

Alberti, Tommaso; Laurenza, Monica; Consolini, Giuseppe; Milillo, Anna; Marcucci, Maria; Carbone, Vincenzo; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb3d2

Chaos; interplanetary magnetic fields; interplanetary turbulence; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Time series analysis

The Solar Wind Angular Momentum Flux as Observed by Parker Solar Probe

he long-term evolution of the Sun\textquoterights rotation period cannot be directly observed, and is instead inferred from trends in the measured rotation periods of other Sun-like stars. Assuming the Sun spins down as it ages, following rotation rate proportional to age(-1/2), requires the current\ solar\ angular momentum (AM) loss rate to be around 6 x 10(30)erg. Magnetohydrodynamic models, and previous observations of the\ solar\ wind (from the Helios and Wind spacecraft), generally predict a value ...

Finley, Adam; Matt, Sean; eville, Victor; Pinto, Rui; Owens, Mathew; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Case, A.; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abb9a5

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar evolution; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar rotation; Solar wind; Stellar evolution; Stellar physics; Stellar rotation

An Optimization Principle for Computing Stationary MHD Equilibria with Solar Wind Flow

Wiegelmann, Thomas; Neukirch, Thomas; Nickeler, Dieter; Chifu, Iulia;

Published by: \solphys      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01719-8

magnetic fields; Corona; models; Magnetohydrodynamics; Velocity fields; Solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Cross Helicity of the 2018 November Magnetic Cloud Observed by the Parker Solar Probe

Magnetic clouds are large-scale transient structures in the solar wind with low plasma-beta, low-amplitude magnetic field fluctuations, and twisted field lines with both ends often connected to the Sun. Their inertial-range turbulent properties have not been examined in detail. In this Letter, we analyze the normalized cross helicity, sigma(c), and residual energy, sigma(r), of plasma fluctuations in the 2018 November magnetic cloud observed at 0.25.au by the Parker Solar Probe. A low value of |sigma(c)| was present in th ...

Good, S.; Kilpua, E.; Ala-Lahti, M.; Osmane, A.; Bale, S.; Zhao, L.-L.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abb021

interplanetary magnetic fields; interplanetary turbulence; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar coronal mass ejections; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind

Polytropic Behavior of Solar Wind Protons Observed by Parker Solar Probe

A polytropic process describes the transition of a fluid from one state to another through a specific relationship between the fluid density and temperature. The value of the polytropic index that governs this relationship determines the heat transfer and the effective degrees of freedom during a specific process. In this study, we analyze\ solar\ wind proton plasma measurements, obtained by the Faraday cup instrument on board the\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe. We examine the large-scale variations of the ...

Nicolaou, Georgios; Livadiotis, George; Wicks, Robert; Verscharen, Daniel; Maruca, Bennett;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abaaae

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

Understanding the origins of the heliosphere: integrating observations and measurements from Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter, and other space- and ground-based observatories

Context. The launch of\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\ (PSP) in 2018, followed by\ Solar\ Orbiter (SO) in February 2020, has opened a new window in the exploration of\ solar\ magnetic activity and the origin of the heliosphere. These missions, together with other space observatories dedicated to\ solar\ observations, such as the\ Solar\ Dynamics Observatory, Hinode, IRIS, STEREO, and SOHO, with complementary in situ observations from WIND and ACE, and ground based multi-w ...

Velli, M.; Harra, L.; Vourlidas, A.; Schwadron, N.; Panasenco, O.; Liewer, P.; Müller, D.; Zouganelis, I.; St Cyr, O.; Gilbert, H.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Auchère, F.; Berghmans, D.; Fludra, A.; Horbury, T.; Howard, R.; Krucker, S.; Maksimovic, M.; Owen, C.; iguez-Pacheco, Rodr\; Romoli, M.; Solanki, S.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; McComas, D.; Raouafi, N.; Martinez-Pillet, V.; Walsh, A.; De Groof, A.; Williams, D.;

Published by: Astronomy \& Astrophysics      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202038245

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; solar-terrestrial relations; Sun: atmosphere; Sun: corona; Sun: heliosphere; Sun: magnetic fields

The Electromagnetic Signature of Outward Propagating Ion-scale Waves

First results from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission have revealed ubiquitous coherent ion-scale waves in the inner heliosphere, which are signatures of kinetic wave-particle interactions and fluid instabilities. However, initial studies of the circularly polarized ion-scale waves observed by PSP have only thoroughly analyzed magnetic field signatures, precluding a determination of solar wind frame propagation direction and intrinsic wave polarization. A comprehensive determination of wave properties requires measureme ...

Bowen, Trevor; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Larson, Davin; Mallet, Alfred; McManus, Michael; Mozer, Forrest; Pulupa, Marc; Vasko, Ivan; Verniero, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab9f37

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Plasma astrophysics; Plasma physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

Magnetic Field Dropouts at Near-Sun Switchback Boundaries: A Superposed Epoch Analysis

During Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights first close encounter with the Sun in early 2018 November, a large number of impulsive rotations in the magnetic field were detected within 50 Rs; these also occurred in association with short-lived impulsive solar wind bursts in speed. These impulsive features are now called "switchback" events. We examined a set of these switchbacks where the boundary transition into and out of the switchback was abrupt, with fast B rotations and simultaneous solar wind speed changes ...

Farrell, W.; MacDowall, R.; Gruesbeck, J.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab9eba

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; The Sun

Spectral Features in Field-aligned Solar Wind Turbulence from Parker Solar Probe Observations

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed a large variety of Alfv\ enic fluctuations in the fast and slow solar wind flow during its two perihelia. The properties of Alfv\ enic solar wind turbulence have been studied for decades in the near-Earth environment. A spectral index of -5/3 or -2 for magnetic field fluctuations has been observed using spacecraft measurements, which can be explained by turbulence theories of nearly incompressible magnetohydrodynamics (NI MHD) or critical balance. In this study, a rigorous search of field ...

Zhao, L.-L.; Zank, G.; Adhikari, L.; Nakanotani, M.; Telloni, D.; Carbone, F.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab9b7e

interplanetary turbulence; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Spectral index

Editorial: Solar Wind at the Dawn of the Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter Era

Solar Wind 15 brought together almost 250 experts from all continents of the world to discuss the current trends and future perspectives of the research on the Sun and its solar wind. The present article collection recaptures some of the highlights of their contributions.

Lapenta, Giovanni; Zhukov, Andrei; van Driel-Gesztelyi, Lidia;

Published by: Solar Physics      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01670-8

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind

Study of flux-rope characteristics at sub-astronomical-unit distances using the Helios 1 and 2 spacecraft

Raghav, Anil; Gaikwad, Sandesh; Wang, Yuming; Shaikh, Zubair; Mishra, Wageesh; Zao, Ake;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: 06/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa1189

Sun: coronal mass ejections; solar-terrestrial relations; Solar wind

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Proton Beams Simultaneous with Ion-scale Waves

Parker Solar Probe (PSP), NASA\textquoterights latest and closest mission to the Sun, is on a journey to investigate fundamental enigmas of the inner heliosphere. This paper reports initial observations made by the Solar Probe Analyzer for Ions (SPAN-I), one of the instruments in the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons instrument suite. We address the presence of secondary proton beams in concert with ion-scale waves observed by FIELDS, the electromagnetic fields instrument suite. We show two events from PSP\textquote ...

Verniero, J.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Rahmati, A.; McManus, M.; Pyakurel, Sharma; Klein, K.; Bowen, T.; Bonnell, J.; Alterman, B.; Whittlesey, P.; Malaspina, David; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Korreck, K.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; de Wit, Dudok;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab86af

Alfv\ en waves; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Plasma physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

Tearing Instability and Periodic Density Perturbations in the Slow Solar Wind

In contrast with the fast solar wind, which originates in coronal holes, the source of the slow solar wind is still debated. Often intermittent and enriched with low first ionization potential elements\textemdashakin to what is observed in closed coronal loops\textemdashthe slow wind could form in bursty events nearby helmet streamers. Slow winds also exhibit density perturbations that have been shown to be periodic and could be associated with flux ropes ejected from the tip of helmet streamers, as shown recently by the ...

Réville, Victor; Velli, Marco; Rouillard, Alexis; Lavraud, Benoit; Tenerani, Anna; Shi, Chen; Strugarek, Antoine;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab911d

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Magnetohydrodynamics; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Plasma astrophysics; Slow solar wind; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind

The evolution of inverted magnetic fields through the inner heliosphereABSTRACT

Local inversions are often observed in the heliospheric magnetic field (HMF), but their origins and evolution are not yet fully understood. Parker Solar Probe has recently observed rapid, Alfv\ enic, HMF inversions in the inner heliosphere, known as \textquoterightswitchbacks\textquoteright, which have been interpreted as the possible remnants of coronal jets. It has also been suggested that inverted HMF may be produced by near-Sun interchange reconnection; a key process in mechanisms proposed for slow solar wind release. ...

Macneil, Allan; Owens, Mathew; Wicks, Robert; Lockwood, Mike; Bentley, Sarah; Lang, Matthew;

Published by: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa951

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; magnetic fields; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; plasmas; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Sun: heliosphere

The Solar Probe ANalyzers\textemdashElectrons on the Parker Solar Probe

Electrostatic analyzers of different designs have been used since the earliest days of the space age, beginning with the very earliest solar-wind measurements made by Mariner 2 en route to Venus in 1962. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission, NASA\textquoterights first dedicated mission to study the innermost reaches of the heliosphere, makes its thermal plasma measurements using a suite of instruments called the Solar Wind Electrons, Alphas, and Protons (SWEAP) investigation. SWEAP\textquoterights electron PSP Analyzer (S ...

Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; Kasper, Justin; Halekas, Jasper; Abatcha, Mamuda; Abiad, Robert; Berthomier, M.; Case, A.; Chen, Jianxin; Curtis, David; Dalton, Gregory; Klein, Kristopher; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; Ludlam, Michael; Marckwordt, Mario; Rahmati, Ali; Robinson, Miles; Slagle, Amanda; Stevens, M.; Tiu, Chris; Verniero, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab7370

Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar coronal heating; Solar instruments; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

Highly Alfv\ enic slow solar wind at 0.3 au during a solar minimum: Helios insights for Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter

Alfv\ enic fluctuations in solar wind are an intrinsic property of fast streams, while slow intervals typically have a very low degree of Alfv\ enicity, with much more variable parameters. However, sometimes a slow wind can be highly Alfv\ enic. Here we compare three different regimes of solar wind, in terms of Alfv\ enic content and spectral properties, during a minimum phase of the solar activity and at 0.3 au. We show that fast and Alfv\ enic slow intervals share some common characteristics. This would suggest a simila ...

Perrone, D.; D\textquoterightAmicis, R.; De Marco, R.; Matteini, L.; Stansby, D.; Bruno, R.; Horbury, T.;

Published by: Astronomy \& Astrophysics      Published on: 01/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201937064

parker solar probe; plasmas; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Sun: corona; Sun: heliosphere; turbulence

Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes in the First Two Parker Solar Probe Encounters

Small-scale magnetic flux ropes (SFRs) are a type of structure in the solar wind that possess helical magnetic field lines. In a recent report we presented the radial variations of the properties of SFRs from 0.29 to 8 au using in situ measurements from the Helios, Advanced Composition Explorer/WIND (ACE/Wind), Ulysses, and Voyager spacecrafts. With the launch of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we extend our previous investigation further into the inner heliosphere. We apply a Grad–Shafranov-based algorithm to identify SFRs ...

Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang; Zhao, Lingling; Kasper, Justin; Bale, Stuart; Korreck, Kelly; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Bonnell, John; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Klein, Kristopher; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb820

Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Magnetohydrodynamics; Astronomy data analysis; Astronomy databases; Parker Data Used

2019

No Evidence for Critical Balance in Field-aligned Alfv\ enic Solar Wind Turbulence

Telloni, Daniele; Carbone, Francesco; Bruno, Roberto; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Zank, Gary; Adhikari, Laxman; Hunana, Peter;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 12/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab517b

Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Alfven waves; Interplanetary medium; Magnetohydrodynamics; 830; 1534; 1544; 23; 825; 1964

Electron Energy Partition across Interplanetary Shocks. II. Statistics

A statistical analysis of 15,210 electron velocity distribution function (VDF) fits, observed within \textpm2 hr of 52 interplanetary (IP) shocks by the Wind spacecraft near 1 au, is presented. This is the second in a three-part series on electron VDFs near IP shocks. The electron velocity moment statistics for the dense, low-energy core, tenuous, hot halo, and field-aligned beam/strahl are a statistically significant list of values illustrated with both histograms and tabular lists for reference and baselines in future w ...

Wilson, Lynn; Chen, Li-Jen; Wang, Shan; Schwartz, Steven; Turner, Drew; Stevens, Michael; Kasper, Justin; Osmane, Adnane; Caprioli, Damiano; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Salem, Chadi; Goodrich, Katherine;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 12/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5445

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Interplanetary shocks; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Plasma astrophysics; Plasma physics; Solar coronal mass ejection shocks; Solar coronal mass ejections; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

Self-induced Scattering of Strahl Electrons in the Solar Wind

We investigate the scattering of strahl electrons by microinstabilities as a mechanism for creating the electron halo in the solar wind. We develop a mathematical framework for the description of electron-driven microinstabilities and discuss the associated physical mechanisms. We find that an instability of the oblique fast-magnetosonic/whistler (FM/W) mode is the best candidate for a microinstability that scatters strahl electrons into the halo. We derive approximate analytic expressions for the FM/W instability thresho ...

Verscharen, Daniel; Chandran, Benjamin; Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Salem, Chadi; Pulupa, Marc; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 12/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab4c30

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; instabilities; parker solar probe; Physics - Geophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; plasmas; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Sun: corona; turbulence; waves



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