PSP Bibliography





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Found 259 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 51 through 100


2022

An Improved Technique for Measuring Plasma Density to High Frequencies on the Parker Solar Probe

The correlation between the plasma density measured in space and the surface potential of an electrically conducting satellite body with biased electric field detectors has been recognized and used to provide density proxies. However, for Parker Solar Probe, this correlation has not produced quantitative density estimates over extended periods of time because it depends on the energy-dependent exponential variation of the photoemission spectrum, the electron temperature, the ratio of the biased surface area to the conducting ...

Mozer, F.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Kellogg, P.~J.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Romeo, O.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4f42

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1476; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Modeling Ion Beams, Kinetic Instabilities, and Waves Observed by the Parker Solar Probe near Perihelia

Recent in situ observations from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission in the inner heliosphere near perihelia show evidence of ion beams, temperature anisotropies, and kinetic wave activity, which are likely associated with kinetic heating and acceleration processes of the solar wind. In particular, the proton beams were detected by PSP/Solar Probe Analyzers-Ion (SPAN-I) and related magnetic fluctuation spectra associated with ion-scale waves were observed by the FIELDS instrument. We present the ion velocity distribution fu ...

Ofman, Leon; Boardsen, Scott; Jian, Lan; Verniero, Jaye; Larson, Davin;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac402c

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1545; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Double-power-law Feature of Energetic Particles Accelerated at Coronal Shocks

Recent observations have shown that in many large solar energetic particle (SEP) events the event-integrated differential spectra resemble double power laws. We perform numerical modeling of particle acceleration at coronal shocks propagating through a streamer-like magnetic field by solving the Parker transport equation, including protons and heavier ions. We find that for all ion species the energy spectra integrated over the simulation domain can be described by a double power law, and the break energy depends on the ion ...

Yu, Feiyu; Kong, Xiangliang; Guo, Fan; Liu, Wenlong; Jiang, Zelong; Chen, Yao; Giacalone, Joe;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4cb3

1491; 1517; 1997; 1486; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

The Stability of the Electron Strahl against the Oblique Fast-magnetosonic/Whistler Instability in the Inner Heliosphere

We analyze the micro-kinetic stability of the electron strahl in the solar wind depending on heliocentric distance. The oblique fast- magnetosonic/whistler (FM/W) instability has emerged in the literature as a key candidate mechanism for the effective scattering of the electron strahl into the electron halo population. Using data from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Helios, we compare the measured strahl properties with the analytical thresholds for the oblique FM/W instability in the low- and high-\ensuremath\beta $_\ensur ...

Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Abraham, Joel; Verscharen, Daniel; Ber\vci\vc, Laura; Stansby, David; Nicolaou, Georgios; Owen, Christopher; Wicks, Robert; Fazakerley, Andrew; Rueda, Jeffersson; Bakrania, Mayur;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4dff

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1544; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Flux Rope Merging and the Structure of Switchbacks in the Solar Wind

A major discovery of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was the presence of large numbers of localized increases in the radial solar wind speed and associated sharp deflections of the magnetic field- switchbacks (SBs). A possible generation mechanism of SBs is through magnetic reconnection between open and closed magnetic flux near the solar surface, termed interchange reconnection, that leads to the ejection of flux ropes (FRs) into the solar wind. Observations also suggest that SBs undergo merging, consistent with an FR picture of t ...

Agapitov, O.~V.; Drake, J.~F.; Swisdak, M.; Bale, S.~D.; Horbury, T.~S.; Kasper, J.~C.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Mozer, F.~S.; Phan, T.~D.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.~E.; Velli, M.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4016

Parker Data Used; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Sub-Alfv\ enic Solar Wind Observed by the Parker Solar Probe: Characterization of Turbulence, Anisotropy, Intermittency, and Switchback

In the lower solar coronal regions where the magnetic field is dominant, the Alfv\ en speed is much higher than the wind speed. In contrast, the near-Earth solar wind is strongly super- Alfv\ enic, i.e., the wind speed greatly exceeds the Alfv\ en speed. The transition between these regimes is classically described as the Alfv\ en point but may in fact occur in a distributed Alfv\ en critical region. NASA s Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission has entered this region, as it follows a series of orbits that gradually approach ...

Bandyopadhyay, R.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; Chhiber, R.; Usmanov, A.~V.; Huang, J.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.~E.; Kasper, J.~C.; Case, A.~W.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Romeo, O.~M.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.~R.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4a5c

Parker Data Used; 1544; 1534; 824; 23; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

PSP/IS\ensuremath\odotIS Observation of a Solar Energetic Particle Event Associated with a Streamer Blowout Coronal Mass Ejection during Encounter 6

In this paper we examine a low-energy solar energetic particle (SEP) event observed by IS\ensuremath\odotIS s Energetic Particle Instrument-Low (EPI-Lo) inside 0.18 au on 2020 September 30. This small SEP event has a very interesting time profile and ion composition. Our results show that the maximum energy and peak in intensity are observed mainly along the open radial magnetic field. The event shows velocity dispersion, and strong particle anisotropies are observed throughout the event, showing that more particles are stre ...

Getachew, T.; McComas, D.~J.; Joyce, C.~J.; Palmerio, E.; Christian, E.~R.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Desai, M.~I.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.~E.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Rankin, J.~S.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Szalay, J.~R.; Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.; Lynch, B.~J.; Phan, T.~D.; Bale, S.~D.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac408f

Parker Data Used; 1491; 310; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Magnetic Field Intermittency in the Solar Wind: Parker Solar Probe and SolO Observations Ranging from the Alfv\ en Region up to 1 AU

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and SolO data are utilized to investigate magnetic field intermittency in the solar wind (SW). Small-scale intermittency (20-100 d $_ i $) is observed to radially strengthen when methods relying on higher-order moments are considered (SF$_ q $; SDK), but no clear trend is observed at larger scales. However, lower-order moment-based methods (e.g., partial variance of increments; PVI) are deemed more appropriate for examining the evolution of the bulk of coherent structures (CSs), PVI \ensuremath\geq 3 ...

Sioulas, Nikos; Huang, Zesen; Velli, Marco; Chhiber, Rohit; Cuesta, Manuel; Shi, Chen; Matthaeus, William; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Vlahos, Loukas; Bowen, Trevor; Qudsi, Ramiz; Bale, Stuart; Owen, Christopher; Louarn, P.; Fedorov, A.; c, Milan; Stevens, Michael; Case, Anthony; Kasper, Justin; Larson, Davin; Pulupa, Marc; Livi, Roberto;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac7aa2

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics; Solar Physics; 1534; 830; 1964; 1544; 1261; 1476; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

A magnetic flux rope configuration derived by optimization of two-spacecraft In-situ measurements

Increasingly one interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) structure can propagate across more than one spacecraft in the solar wind. This usually happens when two or more spacecraft are nearly radially aligned with a relatively small longitudinal separation angle from one another. This provides multi-point measurements of the same structure and enables better characterization and validation of modeling results of the structures embedded in these ICMEs. We report such an event during October 13-14, 2019 when the Solar TErr ...

Hu, Qiang; He, Wen; Chen, Yu;

Published by: Frontiers in Physics      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3389/fphy.2022.960315

Parker Data Used; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Scaling of Electron Heating by Magnetization During Reconnection and Applications to Dipolarization Fronts and Super-Hot Solar Flares

Electron ring velocity space distributions have previously been seen in numerical simulations of magnetic reconnection exhausts and have been suggested to be caused by the magnetization of the electron outflow jet by the compressed reconnected magnetic fields

Barbhuiya, Hasan; Cassak, P.~A.; Shay, M.~A.; Roytershteyn, Vadim; Swisdak, M.; Caspi, Amir; Runov, Andrei; Liang, Haoming;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030610

Parker Data Used; magnetic reconnection; magnetotail; hot solar flares; electron ring distributions; dipolarization fronts; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Preferential Heating of Protons over Electrons from Coherent Structures during the First Perihelion of the Parker Solar Probe

The solar wind undergoes significant heating as it propagates away from the Sun; the exact mechanisms responsible for this heating remain unclear. Using data from the first perihelion of the Parker Solar Probe mission, we examine the properties of proton and electron heating occurring within magnetic coherent structures identified by means of the Partial Variance of Increments (PVI) method. Statistically, regions of space with strong gradients in the magnetic field, PVI \ensuremath\geq 1, are associated with strongly enhance ...

Sioulas, Nikos; Shi, Chen; Huang, Zesen; Velli, Marco;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac85de

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Solar coronal heating; interplanetary turbulence; Magnetohydrodynamics; 1534; 1989; 830; 1964; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

New Insights into the First Two PSP Solar Encounters Enabled by Modeling Analysis with ADAPT-WSA

Parker Solar Probe s (PSP s) unique orbital path allows us to observe the solar wind closer to the Sun than ever before. Essential to advancing our knowledge of solar wind and energetic particle formation is identifying the sources of PSP observations. We report on results for the first two PSP solar encounters derived using the Wang-Sheeley-Arge (WSA) model driven by Air Force Data Assimilative Photospheric Flux Transport (ADAPT) model maps. We derive the coronal magnetic field and the 1 R $_\ensuremath\odot$ source regions ...

Wallace, Samantha; Jones, Shaela; Arge, Nick; Viall, Nicholeen; Henney, Carl;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac731c

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Solar magnetic fields; Solar corona; 1534; 1503; 1483; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Patches of Magnetic Switchbacks and Their Origins

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) has shown that the solar wind in the inner heliosphere is characterized by the quasi omnipresence of magnetic switchbacks ( switchback hereinafter), local backward bends of magnetic field lines. Switchbacks also tend to come in patches, with a large-scale modulation that appears to have a spatial scale size comparable to supergranulation on the Sun. Here we inspect data from the first 10 encounters of PSP focusing on different time intervals when clear switchback patches were observed by PSP. We s ...

Shi, Chen; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Tenerani, Anna; Verniero, Jaye; Sioulas, Nikos; Huang, Zesen; Brosius, A.; Bale, Stuart; Klein, Kristopher; Kasper, Justin; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac7c11

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Solar corona; Solar prominences; interplanetary turbulence; 1534; 1483; 1519; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Magnetic Switchback Occurrence Rates in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe and 1 au

The subject of switchbacks, defined either as large angular deflections or polarity reversals of the magnetic field, has generated substantial interest in the space physics community since the launch of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) in 2018. Previous studies have characterized switchbacks in several different ways and have been restricted to data available from the first few orbits. Here, we analyze the frequency of occurrence of switchbacks per unit distance for the first full eight orbits of PSP. In this work, events that r ...

Pecora, Francesco; Matthaeus, William; Primavera, Leonardo; Greco, Antonella; Chhiber, Rohit; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Servidio, Sergio;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac62d4

Parker Data Used; interplanetary magnetic fields; Interplanetary medium; interplanetary turbulence; 824; 825; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

The Dynamic Coupling of Streamers and Pseudostreamers to the Heliosphere

The slow solar wind is generally believed to result from the interaction of open and closed coronal magnetic flux at streamers and pseudostreamers. We use three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations to determine the detailed structure and dynamics of open-closed interactions that are driven by photospheric convective flows. The photospheric magnetic field model includes a global dipole giving rise to a streamer together with a large parasitic polarity region giving rise to a pseudostreamer that separates a satellite co ...

Aslanyan, V.; Pontin, D.~I.; Higginson, A.~K.; Wyper, P.~F.; Scott, R.~B.; Antiochos, S.~K.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac5d5b

Parker Data Used; Solar Physics; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar corona; Solar coronal holes; Magnetohydrodynamics; Slow solar wind; 1476; 1504; 1483; 1484; 1964; 1873; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

On the Conservation of Turbulence Energy in Turbulence Transport Models

Zank et al. developed models describing the transport of low-frequency incompressible and nearly incompressible turbulence in inhomogeneous flows. The formalism was based on expressing the fluctuating variables in terms of the Elsässar variables and then taking moments subject to various closure hypotheses. The turbulence transport models are different according to whether the plasma beta regime is large, of order unity, or small. Here, we show explicitly that the three sets of turbulence transport models admit a conser ...

Wang, B.; Zank, G.~P.; Adhikari, L.; Zhao, L.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac596e

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; interplanetary turbulence; 1964; 830; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Fluid Dynamics

Anisotropy of Magnetic Field Spectra at Kinetic Scales of Solar Wind Turbulence as Revealed by the Parker Solar Probe in the Inner Heliosphere

Using the Parker Solar Probe data taken in the inner heliosphere, we investigate the power and spatial anisotropy of magnetic field spectra at kinetic scales (i.e., around sub-ion scales) in solar wind turbulence in the inner heliosphere. We find that strong anisotropy of the magnetic spectra occurs at kinetic scales with the strongest power in the perpendicular direction with respect to the local magnetic field (forming an angle \ensuremath\theta $_B$ with the mean flow velocity). The spectral index of the magnetic spectra ...

Huang, S.~Y.; Xu, S.~B.; Zhang, J.; Sahraoui, F.; es, Andr\; He, J.~S.; Yuan, Z.~G.; Deng, X.~H.; Jiang, K.; Wei, Y.~Y.; Xiong, Q.~Y.; Wang, Z.; Yu, L.; Lin, R.~T.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac5f02

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Heliosphere; Space plasmas; 1534; 830; 711; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Validation of a Wave Heated 3D MHD Coronal-wind Model using Polarized Brightness and EUV Observations

The physical properties responsible for the formation and evolution of the corona and heliosphere are still not completely understood. 3D MHD global modeling is a powerful tool to investigate all the possible candidate processes. To fully understand the role of each of them, we need a validation process where the output from the simulations is quantitatively compared to the observational data. In this work, we present the results from our validation process applied to the wave turbulence driven 3D MHD corona-wind model WindP ...

Parenti, Susanna; eville, Victor; Brun, Allan; Pinto, Rui; Auchère, Fr\; Buchlin, Eric; Perri, Barbara; Strugarek, Antoine;

Published by: \apj      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac56da

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamical simulations; Solar Physics; Solar coronal heating; Solar coronal streamers; Solar corona; Solar extreme ultraviolet emission; Solar radiation; Solar atmosphere; 1966; 1476; 1989; 1486; 1483; 1493; 1521; 1477; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Kinetic-scale Current Sheets in Near-Sun Solar Wind: Properties, Scale-dependent Features and Reconnection Onset

We present statistical analysis of 11,200 proton kinetic-scale current sheets (CS) observed by the Parker Solar Probe during 10 days around the first perihelion. The CS thickness {\ensuremath{\lambda}} is in the range from a few to 200 km with the typical value around 30 km, while current densities are in the range from 0.1 to 10 {\ensuremath{\mu}}A m$^{-2}$ with the typical value around 0.7 {\ensuremath{\mu}}A m$^{-2}$. These CSs are resolved thanks to magnetic field measurements at 73-290 samples s$^{-1}$ resolution. In te ...

Lotekar, A.~B.; Vasko, I.~Y.; Phan, T.; Bale, S.~D.; Bowen, T.~A.; Halekas, J.; Artemyev, A.~V.; Khotyaintsev, Yu.; Mozer, F.~S.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac5bd9

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

2021

Parker solar probe observations of helical structures as boundaries for energetic particles

Energetic particle transport in the interplanetary medium is known to be affected by magnetic structures. It has been demonstrated for solar energetic particles in near-Earth orbit studies, and also for the more energetic cosmic rays. In this paper, we show observational evidence that intensity variations of solar energetic particles can be correlated with the occurrence of helical magnetic flux tubes and their boundaries. The analysis is carried out using data from Parker Solar Probe orbit 5, in the period 2020 May 24 to Ju ...

Pecora, F.; Servidio, S.; Greco, A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; Giacalone, J.; Joyce, C.~J.; Getachew, T.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Leske, R.~A.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; McNutt, R.~L.; Hill, M.~E.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Christian, E.~R.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stab2659

magnetic fields; plasmas; Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: solar wind; Sun: particle emission; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Triggered Ion-acoustic Waves in the Solar Wind

For more than 12 hr beginning on 2021 January 18, continuous narrowband electrostatic emissions were observed on the Parker Solar Probe near 20 solar radii. The observed <1000 Hz frequencies were well below the local ion-plasma frequency. Surprisingly, the emissions consisted of electrostatic wave packets with shock- like envelopes, appearing repetitively at a \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde1.5 Hz rate. This repetitiveness correlated and was in phase with low-frequency electromagnetic fluctuations. The emissions were associat ...

Mozer, F.~S.; Vasko, I.~Y.; Verniero, J.~L.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac2259

Solar Coronal Waves; Solar wind; 1995; 1534; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Parker Data Used

On the Origin of Switchbacks Observed in the Solar Wind

The origin of switchbacks in the solar wind is discussed in two classes of theory that differ in the location of the source being either near the transition region near the Sun or in the solar wind itself. The two classes of theory differ in their predictions of the switchback rate (the number of switchbacks observed per hour) as a function of distance from the Sun. To distinguish between these theories, one-hour averages of Parker Solar Probe data were averaged over five orbits to find the following: (1) The hourly averaged ...

Mozer, F.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Drake, J.~F.; Hanson, E.~L.~M.; Mozer, M.~C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac110d

Solar wind; Solar corona; Space plasmas; 1534; 1483; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

On the Role of Solar Wind Expansion as a Source of Whistler Waves: Scattering of Suprathermal Electrons and Heat Flux Regulation in the Inner Heliosphere

The role of solar wind expansion in generating whistler waves is investigated using the EB-iPic3D code, which models solar wind expansion self-consistently within a fully kinetic semi-implicit approach. The simulation is initialized with an electron velocity distribution function modeled after observations of the Parker Solar Probe during its first perihelion at 0.166 au, consisting of a dense core and an antisunward strahl. This distribution function is initially stable with respect to kinetic instabilities. Expansion drive ...

Micera, A.; Zhukov, A.~N.; opez, R.~A.; Boella, E.; Tenerani, A.; Velli, M.; Lapenta, G.; Innocenti, M.~E.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1067

Solar wind; Plasma astrophysics; Space plasmas; 1534; 1261; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

The Evolution of Compressible Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: PSP, THEMIS, and MAVEN Observations

The first computations of the compressible energy transfer rate from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.2 up to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde1.7 au is obtained using Parker Solar Probe (PSP), Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS), and Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) observations. Using a recently derived exact relation for isothermal magnetohydrodynamics turbulence, the compressible energy cascade rate, \ensuremath\varepsilon$_C$, is computed for hundred of events at differ ...

es, Andr\; Sahraoui, F.; Hadid, L.~Z.; Huang, S.~Y.; Romanelli, N.; Galtier, S.; DiBraccio, G.; Halekas, J.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0af5

Solar wind; Fast solar wind; Slow solar wind; Interplanetary physics; 1534; 1872; 1873; 827; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Parker Data Used

Solar wind rotation rate and shear at coronal hole boundaries. Possible consequences for magnetic field inversions

Context. In situ measurements by several spacecraft have revealed that the solar wind is frequently perturbed by transient structures that have been interpreted as magnetic folds, jets, waves, and flux ropes that propagate rapidly away from the Sun over a large range of heliocentric distances. Parker Solar Probe (PSP), in particular, has detected very frequent rotations of the magnetic field vector at small heliocentric radial distances, accompanied by surprisingly large solar wind rotation rates. The physical origin of such ...

Pinto, R.~F.; Poirier, N.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Griton, L.; Fargette, N.; Kieokaew, R.; Lavraud, B.; Brun, A.~S.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202040180

Sun: corona; Sun: rotation; Solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Characteristic Scales of Magnetic Switchback Patches Near the Sun and Their Possible Association With Solar Supergranulation and Granulation

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data recorded within a heliocentric radial distance of 0.3 au have revealed a magnetic field dominated by Alfv\ enic structures that undergo large local variations or even reversals of the radial magnetic field. They are called magnetic switchbacks, they are consistent with folds in magnetic field lines within a same magnetic sector and are associated with velocity spikes during an otherwise calmer background. They are thought to originate either in the low solar atmosphere through magnetic reconnect ...

Fargette, Na; Lavraud, Benoit; Rouillard, Alexis; eville, Victor; de Wit, Thierry; Froment, Clara; Halekas, Jasper; Phan, Tai; Malaspina, David; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Louarn, Philippe; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Berthomier, Matthieu;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1112

Solar wind; Solar Physics; Wavelet analysis; Supergranulation; Solar granulation; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 1476; 1918; 1662; 1498; 1503; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Effect of Dust Rotational Disruption by Radiative Torques and Implications for the F-corona Decrease Revealed by the Parker Solar Probe

The first-year results from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) reveal a

Hoang, Thiem; Lazarian, Alex; Lee, Hyeseung; Cho, Kyungsuk; Gu, Pin-Gao; Ng, Chi-Hang;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac126e

Solar F corona; Interstellar dust; Interplanetary dust; Circumstellar dust; 1991; 836; 821; 236; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Exploring the Solar Wind from Its Source on the Corona into the Inner Heliosphere during the First Solar Orbiter-Parker Solar Probe Quadrature

This Letter addresses the first Solar Orbiter (SO)-Parker Solar Probe (PSP) quadrature, occurring on 2021 January 18 to investigate the evolution of solar wind from the extended corona to the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, the same plasma volume observed remotely in the corona at altitudes between 3.5 and 6.3 solar radii above the solar limb with the Metis coronagraph on SO can be tracked to PSP, orbiting at 0.1 au, thus allowing the local properties of the solar wind to be linked to the coronal source re ...

Telloni, Daniele; Andretta, Vincenzo; Antonucci, Ester; Bemporad, Alessandro; Capuano, Giuseppe; Fineschi, Silvano; Giordano, Silvio; Habbal, Shadia; Perrone, Denise; Pinto, Rui; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Spadaro, Daniele; Susino, Roberto; Woodham, Lloyd; Zank, Gary; Romoli, Marco; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Auchère, Fr\; Bruno, Roberto; Capobianco, Gerardo; Case, Anthony; Casini, Chiara; Casti, Marta; Chioetto, Paolo; Corso, Alain; Da Deppo, Vania; De Leo, Yara; de Wit, Thierry; Frassati, Federica; Frassetto, Fabio; Goetz, Keith; Guglielmino, Salvo; Harvey, Peter; Heinzel, Petr; Jerse, Giovanna; Korreck, Kelly; Landini, Federico; Larson, Davin; Liberatore, Alessandro; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Magli, Enrico; Malaspina, David; Massone, Giuseppe; Messerotti, Mauro; Moses, John; Naletto, Giampiero; Nicolini, Gianalfredo; o, Giuseppe; Panasenco, Olga; Pancrazzi, Maurizio; Pelizzo, Maria; Pulupa, Marc; Reale, Fabio; Romano, Paolo; Sasso, Clementina; Schühle, Udo; Stangalini, Marco; Stevens, Michael; Strachan, Leonard; Straus, Thomas; Teriaca, Luca; Uslenghi, Michela; Velli, Marco; Verscharen, Daniel; Volpicelli, Cosimo; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Zangrilli, Luca; Zimbardo, Gaetano; Zuppella, Paola;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac282f

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar corona; Heliosphere; Solar wind; 1964; 1544; 830; 1483; 711; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Predicting the Magnetic Fields of a Stealth CME Detected by Parker Solar Probe at 0.5 au

Stealth coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are eruptions from the Sun that are not associated with appreciable low-coronal signatures. Because they often cannot be linked to a well-defined source region on the Sun, analysis of their initial magnetic configuration and eruption dynamics is particularly problematic. In this article, we address this issue by undertaking the first attempt at predicting the magnetic fields of a stealth CME that erupted in 2020 June from the Earth-facing Sun. We estimate its source region with the aid o ...

Palmerio, Erika; Kay, Christina; Al-Haddad, Nada; Lynch, Benjamin; Yu, Wenyuan; Stevens, Michael; Pal, Sanchita; Lee, Christina;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac25f4

Parker Data Used; Solar coronal mass ejections; Solar corona; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar coronal streamers; 310; 1483; 824; 1486; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Evolution of Switchbacks in the Inner Heliosphere

We analyze magnetic field data from the first six encounters of Parker Solar Probe, three Helios fast streams and two Ulysses south polar passes covering heliocentric distances 0.1 \ensuremath\lesssim R \ensuremath\lesssim 3 au. We use this data set to statistically determine the evolution of switchbacks of different periods and amplitudes with distance from the Sun. We compare the radial evolution of magnetic field variances with that of the mean square amplitudes of switchbacks, and quantify the radial evolution of the cum ...

Tenerani, Anna; Sioulas, Nikos; Matteini, Lorenzo; Panasenco, Olga; Shi, Chen; Velli, Marco;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac2606

Parker Data Used; Heliosphere; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Alfven waves; Space plasmas; 711; 1534; 830; 23; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Ambipolar Electric Field and Potential in the Solar Wind Estimated from Electron Velocity Distribution Functions

The solar wind escapes from the solar corona and is accelerated, over a short distance, to its terminal velocity. The energy balance associated with this acceleration remains poorly understood. To quantify the global electrostatic contribution to the solar wind dynamics, we empirically estimate the ambipolar electric field (E$_\ensuremath\parallel$) and potential (\ensuremath\Phi$_r,\ensuremath\infty$). We analyze electron velocity distribution functions (VDFs) measured in the near-Sun solar wind between 20.3 R$_S$ and 85.3 ...

Ber\vci\vc, Laura; c, Milan; Halekas, Jasper; Landi, Simone; Owen, Christopher; Verscharen, Daniel; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart.; Case, Anthony; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: \apj      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1f1c

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Collision processes; Space vehicle instruments; 1534; 1544; 826; 2065; 1548; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Measurement of the open magnetic flux in the inner heliosphere down to 0.13 AU

Context. Robustly interpreting sets of in situ spacecraft data of the heliospheric magnetic field (HMF) for the purpose of probing the total unsigned magnetic flux in the heliosphere is critical for constraining global coronal models as well as understanding the large scale structure of the heliosphere itself. The heliospheric flux (\ensuremath\Phi$_H$) is expected to be a spatially conserved quantity with a possible secular dependence on the solar cycle and equal to the measured radial component of the HMF weighted by the s ...

Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart; Rouillard, Alexis; Bowen, Trevor; Bonnell, John; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039407

Parker Data Used; Sun: corona; Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind; methods: data analysis; methods: statistical; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes with Field-aligned Flows via the PSP In Situ Observations

Magnetic flux rope, formed by the helical magnetic field lines, can sometimes maintain its shape while carrying significant plasma flow that is aligned with the local magnetic field. We report the existence of such structures and static flux ropes by applying the Grad-Shafranov-based algorithm to the Parker Solar Probe in situ measurements in the first five encounters. These structures are detected at heliocentric distances, ranging from 0.13 to 0.66 au, in a 4-month time period. We find that flux ropes with field-aligned fl ...

Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang; Zhao, Lingling; Kasper, Justin; Huang, Jia;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfd30

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Astronomy data analysis; interplanetary turbulence; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 1858; 830; 1504; 1503; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Anisotropy of Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere at Kinetic Scales: PSP Observations

The anisotropy of solar wind turbulence is a critical issue in understanding the physics of energy transfer between scales and energy conversion between fields and particles in the heliosphere. Using the measurement of Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we present an observation of the anisotropy at kinetic scales in the slow, Alfv\ enic, solar wind in the inner heliosphere. The magnetic compressibility behaves as expected for kinetic Alfv\ enic turbulence below the ion scale. A steepened transition range is found between the inertia ...

Duan, Die; He, Jiansen; Bowen, Trevor; Woodham, Lloyd; Wang, Tieyan; Chen, Christopher; Mallet, Alfred; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac07ac

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Alfven waves; 1534; 830; 23; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Turbulent Generation of Magnetic Switchbacks in the Alfv\ enic Solar Wind

One of the most important early results from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) is the ubiquitous presence of magnetic switchbacks, whose origin is under debate. Using a three-dimensional direct numerical simulation of the equations of compressible magnetohydrodynamics from the corona to 40 solar radii, we investigate whether magnetic switchbacks emerge from granulation-driven Alfv\ en waves and turbulence in the solar wind. The simulated solar wind is an Alfv\ enic slow-solar- wind stream with a radial profile consistent with var ...

Shoda, Munehito; Chandran, Benjamin; Cranmer, Steven;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfdbc

Space plasmas; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamical simulations; Alfven waves; 1544; 1534; 830; 1966; 23; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Analysis of Magnetohydrodynamic Perturbations in the Radial-field Solar Wind from Parker Solar Probe Observations

We report analysis of sub-Alfv\ enic magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) perturbations in the low-\ensuremath\beta radial-field solar wind employing the Parker Solar Probe spacecraft data from 2018 October 31 to November 12. We calculate wavevectors using the singular value decomposition method and separate MHD perturbations into three eigenmodes (Alfv\ en, fast, and slow modes) to explore the properties of sub-Alfv\ enic perturbations and the role of compressible perturbations in solar wind heating. The MHD perturbations show a high ...

Zhao, S.~Q.; Yan, Huirong; Liu, Terry; Liu, Mingzhe; Shi, Mijie;

Published by: \apj      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac2ffe

Parker Data Used; 1534; 830; 1964; 1544; 1636; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

A Solar Source of Alfv\ enic Magnetic Field Switchbacks: In Situ Remnants of Magnetic Funnels on Supergranulation Scales

One of the striking observations from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft is the prevalence in the inner heliosphere of large amplitude, Alfv\ enic magnetic field reversals termed switchbacks. These $\delta B_R/B\sim \mathcal O (1$ ) fluctuations occur over a range of timescales and in patches separated by intervals of quiet, radial magnetic field. We use measurements from PSP to demonstrate that patches of switchbacks are localized within the extensions of plasma structures originating at the base of the corona. These ...

Bale, S.~D.; Horbury, T.~S.; Velli, M.; Desai, M.~I.; Halekas, J.~S.; McManus, M.~D.; Panasenco, O.; Badman, S.~T.; Bowen, T.~A.; Chandran, B.~D.~G.; Drake, J.~F.; Kasper, J.~C.; Laker, R.; Mallet, A.; Matteini, L.; Phan, T.~D.; Raouafi, N.~E.; Squire, J.; Woodham, L.~D.; Woolley, T.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac2d8c

Parker Data Used; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Domains of Magnetic Pressure Balance in Parker Solar Probe Observations of the Solar Wind

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft is performing the first in situ exploration of the solar wind within 0.2 au of the Sun. Initial observations confirmed the Alfv\ enic nature of aligned fluctuations of the magnetic field B and velocity V in solar wind plasma close to the Sun, in domains of nearly constant magnetic field magnitude \ensuremath\mid B \ensuremath\mid, i.e., approximate magnetic pressure balance. Such domains are interrupted by particularly strong fluctuations, including but not limited to radial field (pol ...

Ruffolo, David; Ngampoopun, Nawin; Bhora, Yash; Thepthong, Panisara; Pongkitiwanichakul, Peera; Matthaeus, William; Chhiber, Rohit;

Published by: \apj      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac2ee3

Parker Data Used; 1534; 830; 1544; 824; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Large-scale Structure and Turbulence Transport in the Inner Solar Wind: Comparison of Parker Solar Probe s First Five Orbits with a Global 3D Reynolds-averaged MHD Model

Simulation results from a global magnetohydrodynamic model of the solar corona and solar wind are compared with Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations during its first five orbits. The fully three- dimensional model is based on Reynolds-averaged mean-flow equations coupled with turbulence-transport equations. The model includes the effects of electron heat conduction, Coulomb collisions, turbulent Reynolds stresses, and heating of protons and electrons via a turbulent cascade. Turbulence-transport equations for average turbul ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Usmanov, Arcadi; Matthaeus, William; Goldstein, Melvyn;

Published by: \apj      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1ac7

Parker Data Used; 830; 1534; 824; 1483; 1477; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Internal Structure of the 2019 April 2 CME

We present the first analysis of internal coronal mass ejection (CME) structure observed very close to the Sun by the Wide-field Imager for Solar PRobe (WISPR) instrument on board the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). The transient studied here is a CME observed during PSP s second perihelion passage on 2019 April 2, when PSP was only 40 R $_\ensuremath\odot$ from the Sun. The CME was also well observed from 1 au by the STEREO-A spacecraft, which tracks the event all the way from the Sun to 1 au. However, PSP/WISPR observes internal ...

Wood, Brian; Braga, Carlos; Vourlidas, Angelos;

Published by: \apj      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac2aab

Parker Data Used; 1534; 310; 825; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Signatures of Type III Solar Radio Bursts from Nanoflares: Modeling

There is a wide consensus that the ubiquitous presence of magnetic reconnection events and the associated impulsive heating (nanoflares) are strong candidates for solving the solar coronal heating problem. Whether nanoflares accelerate particles to high energies like full-sized flares is unknown. We investigate this question by studying the type III radio bursts that the nanoflares may produce on closed loops. The characteristic frequency drifts that type III bursts exhibit can be detected using a novel application of the ti ...

Chhabra, Sherry; Klimchuk, James; Gary, Dale;

Published by: \apj      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac2364

Parker Data Used; 1522; 1491; 1504; 1339; 1993; 1485; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Simulations of radio-wave anisotropic scattering to interpret type III radio burst data from Solar Orbiter, Parker Solar Probe, STEREO, and Wind

\ Aims: We use multi-spacecraft observations of individual type III radio bursts to calculate the directivity of the radio emission. We compare these data to the results of ray-tracing simulations of the radio-wave propagation and probe the plasma properties of the inner heliosphere. \ Methods: We used ray-tracing simulations of radio-wave propagation with anisotropic scattering on density inhomogeneities to study the directivity of radio emissions. Simultaneous observations of type III radio bursts by four widely separated ...

Musset, S.; Maksimovic, M.; Kontar, E.; Krupar, V.; Chrysaphi, N.; Bonnin, X.; Vecchio, A.; Cecconi, B.; Zaslavsky, A.; Issautier, K.; Bale, S.~D.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140998

Parker Data Used; Sun: radio radiation; scattering; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Probing Upflowing Regions in the Quiet Sun and Coronal Holes

Recent observations from Parker Solar Probe have revealed that the solar wind has a highly variable structure. How this complex behaviour is formed in the solar corona is not yet known, since it requires omnipresent fluctuations, which constantly emit material to feed the wind. In this article we analyse 14 upflow regions in the solar corona to find potential sources for plasma flow. The upflow regions are derived from spectroscopic data from the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on board Hinode determining their Doppler veloci ...

Schwanitz, Conrad; Harra, Louise; Raouafi, Nour; Sterling, Alphonse; Vacas, Alejandro; Iniesta, Jose; arez, David; Hara, Hirohisa;

Published by: \solphys      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-021-01915-0

Parker Data Used; Corona; structures; Coronal holes; Jets; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Space weather: the solar perspective

The Sun, as an active star, is the driver of energetic phenomena that structure interplanetary space and affect planetary atmospheres. The effects of Space Weather on Earth and the solar system is of increasing importance as human spaceflight is preparing for lunar and Mars missions. This review is focusing on the solar perspective of the Space Weather relevant phenomena, coronal mass ejections (CMEs), flares, solar energetic particles (SEPs), and solar wind stream interaction regions (SIR). With the advent of the STEREO mis ...

Temmer, Manuela;

Published by: Living Reviews in Solar Physics      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1007/s41116-021-00030-3

Parker Data Used; space weather; Solar Physics; CMEs; flares; SEPs; Dynamic corona; magnetic field; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Geometry of Magnetic Fluctuations near the Sun from the Parker Solar Probe

Solar wind magnetic fluctuations exhibit anisotropy due to the presence of a mean magnetic field in the form of the Parker spiral. Close to the Sun, direct measurements were not available until the recently launched Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission. The nature of the anisotropy and geometry of the magnetic fluctuations play a fundamental role in dissipation processes and in the transport of energetic particles in space. Using PSP data, we present measurements of the geometry and anisotropy of the inner heliosphere magnetic f ...

Bandyopadhyay, R.; McComas, D.~J.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3486

Parker Data Used; 1534; 830; 994; 1483; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

The angular-momentum flux in the solar wind observed during Solar Orbiter s first orbit

\ Aims: We present the first measurements of the angular- momentum flux in the solar wind recorded by the Solar Orbiter spacecraft. Our aim is to validate these measurements to support future studies of the Sun s angular-momentum loss. \ Methods: We combined 60-min averages of the proton bulk moments and the magnetic field measured by the Solar Wind Analyser and the magnetometer onboard Solar Orbiter. We calculated the angular-momentum flux per solid-angle element using data from the first orbit of the mission s cruise phase ...

Verscharen, Daniel; Stansby, David; Finley, Adam; Owen, Christopher; Horbury, Timothy; Maksimovic, Milan; Velli, Marco; Bale, Stuart; Louarn, Philippe; Fedorov, Andrei; Bruno, Roberto; Livi, Stefano; Khotyaintsev, Yuri; Vecchio, Antonio; Lewis, Gethyn; Anekallu, Chandrasekhar; Kelly, Christopher; Watson, Gillian; Kataria, Dhiren; Brien, Helen; Evans, Vincent; Angelini, Virginia; SWA, MAG; Teams, RPW;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140956

magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); plasmas; Sun: magnetic fields; Solar wind; stars: rotation; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Solar wind current sheets and deHoffmann-Teller analysis. First results from Solar Orbiter s DC electric field measurements

Context. Solar Orbiter was launched on 10 February 2020 with the purpose of investigating solar and heliospheric physics using a payload of instruments designed for both remote and in situ studies. Similar to the recently launched Parker Solar Probe, and unlike earlier missions, Solar Orbiter carries instruments designed to measure low-frequency DC electric fields. \ Aims: In this paper, we assess the quality of the low-frequency DC electric field measured by the Radio and Plasma Waves instrument (RPW) on Solar Orbiter. In p ...

Steinvall, K.; Khotyaintsev, Yu.; Cozzani, G.; Vaivads, A.; Yordanova, E.; Eriksson, A.~I.; Edberg, N.~J.~T.; Maksimovic, M.; Bale, S.~D.; Chust, T.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Kretzschmar, M.; Lorfèvre, E.; Plettemeier, D.; Sou\vcek, J.; Steller, M.; ak, \vS.; Vecchio, A.; Horbury, T.~S.; Brien, H.; Evans, V.; Fedorov, A.; Louarn, P.; enot, V.; e, Andr\; Lavraud, B.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Owen, C.~J.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140855

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; plasmas; magnetic reconnection; methods: data analysis; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

The Formation and Lifetime of Outflows in a Solar Active Region

Active regions are thought to be one contributor to the slow solar wind. Upflows in EUV coronal spectral lines are routinely observed at their boundaries, and provide the most direct way for upflowing material to escape into the heliosphere. The mechanisms that form and drive these upflows, however, remain to be fully characterized. It is unclear how quickly they form, or how long they exist during their lifetimes. They could be initiated low in the atmosphere during magnetic flux emergence, or as a response to processes occ ...

Brooks, David; Harra, Louise; Bale, Stuart; Barczynski, Krzysztof; Mandrini, Cristina; Polito, Vanessa; Warren, Harry;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0917

Solar Physics; Slow solar wind; Solar active regions; Solar energetic particles; 1476; 1873; 1974; 1491; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

First Simultaneous In Situ Measurements of a Coronal Mass Ejection by Parker Solar Probe and STEREO-A

We present the first Parker Solar Probe mission (PSP)-observed coronal mass ejection (CME) that hits a second spacecraft before the end of the PSP encounter, providing an excellent opportunity to study short-term CME evolution. The CME was launched from the Sun on 2019 October 10 and was measured in situ at PSP on 2019 October 13 and at STEREO-A on 2019 October 14. The small, but not insignificant, radial (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.15 au) and longitudinal (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde8\textdegree) separation between ...

Winslow, Reka; Lugaz, No\; Scolini, Camilla; Galvin, Antoinette;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0821

Solar coronal mass ejections; Heliosphere; 310; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Characteristics of Interplanetary Discontinuities in the Inner Heliosphere Revealed by Parker Solar Probe

We present a statistical analysis for the characteristics and spatial evolution of the interplanetary discontinuities (IDs) in the solar wind, from 0.13-0.9 au, by using the Parker Solar Probe measurements on Orbits 4 and 5. We collected 3948 IDs, including 2511 rotational discontinuities (RDs) and 557 tangential discontinuities (TDs), with the remnant unidentified. The statistical results show that (1) the ID occurrence rate decreases from 200 events per day at 0.13 au to 1 event per day at 0.9 au, following a spatial scali ...

Liu, Y.~Y.; Fu, H.~S.; Cao, J.~B.; Liu, C.~M.; Wang, Z.; Guo, Z.~Z.; Xu, Y.; Bale, S.~D.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac06a1

Interplanetary discontinuities; Solar wind; interplanetary magnetic fields; Magnetohydrodynamics; 820; 1534; 824; 1964; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used



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