PSP Bibliography





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Found 300 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 51 through 100


2020

The Streamer Blowout Origin of a Flux Rope and Energetic Particle Event Observed by Parker Solar Probe at 0.5 au

The distribution of spacecraft in the inner heliosphere during 2019 March enabled comprehensive observations of an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) that encountered Parker Solar Probe (PSP) at 0.547 au from the Sun. This ICME originated as a slow (\~311 km s-1) streamer blowout (SBO) on the Sun as measured by the white-light coronagraphs on board the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory-A and the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. Despite its low initial speed, the passage of the ICME at PSP was ...

Lario, D.; Balmaceda, L.; Alzate, N.; Mays, M.; Richardson, I.; Allen, R.; Florido-Llinas, M.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Koval, A.; Lugaz, N.; Jian, L.; Arge, C.; Macneice, P.; Odstrcil, D.; Morgan, H.; Szabo, A.; Desai, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Stevens, M.; Ho, G.; Luhmann, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab9942

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Using Stereoscopic Observations of Cometary Plasma Tails to Infer Solar Wind Speed

Detection of the solar wind speed near the Sun is significant in understanding the heating and acceleration of the solar wind. Cometary plasma tails have long been used as natural probes for solar wind speed; previous solar wind speed estimates via plasma tails, however, were based on comet images from a single viewpoint, and the projection effect may influence the result. Using stereoscopic observations from the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory and the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, we three-dimensionally rec ...

Cheng, Long; Zhang, Quanhao; Wang, Yuming; Li, Xiaolei; Liu, Rui;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab93b6

1534; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Constraining Ion-Scale Heating and Spectral Energy Transfer in Observations of Plasma Turbulence

We perform a statistical study of the turbulent power spectrum at inertial and kinetic scales observed during the first perihelion encounter of the Parker Solar Probe. We find that often there is an extremely steep scaling range of the power spectrum just above the ion-kinetic scales, similar to prior observations at 1 A.U., with a power-law index of around -4 . Based on our measurements, we demonstrate that either a significant (\>50 \%) fraction of the total turbulent energy flux is dissipated in this range of scales ...

Bowen, Trevor; Mallet, Alfred; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Case, Anthony; Chandran, Benjamin; Chasapis, Alexandros; Chen, Christopher; Duan, Die; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Halekas, Jasper; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, J.; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; McManus, Michael; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: Physical Review Letters      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.025102

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Editorial: Solar Wind at the Dawn of the Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter Era

Solar Wind 15 brought together almost 250 experts from all continents of the world to discuss the current trends and future perspectives of the research on the Sun and its solar wind. The present article collection recaptures some of the highlights of their contributions.

Lapenta, Giovanni; Zhukov, Andrei; van Driel-Gesztelyi, Lidia;

Published by: Solar Physics      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01670-8

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind

Kinetic Scale Slow Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: Coexistence of Kinetic Alfv\ en Waves and Alfv\ en Ion Cyclotron Waves

The nature of the plasma wave modes around the ion kinetic scales in highly Alfv\ enic slow solar wind turbulence is investigated using data from the NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe taken in the inner heliosphere, at 0.18 au from the Sun. The joint distribution of the normalized reduced magnetic helicity σmRB, τ) is obtained, where θRB is the angle between the local mean magnetic field and the radial direction and τ is the temporal scale. Two populations around ion scales a ...

. Y. Huang, S; Zhang, J.; Sahraoui, F.; He, J.; Yuan, Z.; es, Andr\; Hadid, L.; Deng, X.; Jiang, K.; Yu, L.; . Y. Xiong, Q; . Y. Wei, Y; Xu, S.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab9abb

1261; 1534; 1544; 1693; 1873; 23; 711; 824; 830; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Modeling the Transport Processes of a Pair of Solar Energetic Particle Events Observed by Parker Solar Probe Near Perihelion

We present model calculations of the transport processes of solar energetic particles in the corona and interplanetary medium for two events detected by Parker Solar Probe near its second perihelion on 2019 April 2 and April 4. In the 2019 April 2 event, the \<100 keV proton differential intensity measured by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun Low-Energy Energetic Particle instrument increased by more than a factor of 10 above the pre-event intensity, whereas the \~1 MeV proton differential intensity detec ...

Zhao, Lulu; Zhang, Ming; Lario, David;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab97b3

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar energetic particles; Solar Probe Plus

(Non)radial Solar Wind Propagation through the Heliosphere

The solar wind nonradial velocity components observed beyond the Alfv\ en point are usually attributed to waves, the interaction of different streams, or other transient phenomena. However, Earth-orbiting spacecraft as well as monitors at L1 indicate systematic deviations of the wind velocity from the radial direction. Since these deviations are of the order of several degrees, the calibration of the instruments is often questioned. This paper investigates for the first time the evolution of nonradial components of the so ...

cek, Zden\v; a, Tereza; a, Jana; Richardson, John; Simůnek, Jiř\; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab9ff7

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Coronal-jet-producing Minifilament Eruptions as a Possible Source of Parker Solar Probe Switchbacks

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) has observed copious rapid magnetic field direction changes in the near-Sun solar wind. These features have been called "switchbacks," and their origin is a mystery. But their widespread nature suggests that they may be generated by a frequently occurring process in the Sun\textquoterights atmosphere. We examine the possibility that the switchbacks originate from coronal jets. Recent work suggests that many coronal jets result when photospheric magnetic flux cancels, and forms a small-scale "m ...

Sterling, Alphonse; Moore, Ronald;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab96be

1503; 1504; 1534; 1981; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

First Radio Evidence for Impulsive Heating Contribution to the Quiet Solar Corona

This Letter explores the relevance of nanoflare-based models for heating the quiet Sun corona. Using meterwave data from the Murchison Widefield Array, we present the first successful detection of impulsive emissions down to flux densities of \~mSFU, about two orders of magnitude weaker than earlier attempts. These impulsive emissions have durations ≲1 s and are present throughout the quiet solar corona. The fractional time occupancy of these impulsive emissions at a given region is ≲10\%. The histograms of these impu ...

Mondal, Surajit; Oberoi, Divya; Mohan, Atul;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8817

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; parker solar probe; Quiet solar corona; Solar corona; Solar coronal heating; Solar coronal radio emission; Solar Probe Plus

Tearing Instability and Periodic Density Perturbations in the Slow Solar Wind

In contrast with the fast solar wind, which originates in coronal holes, the source of the slow solar wind is still debated. Often intermittent and enriched with low first ionization potential elements\textemdashakin to what is observed in closed coronal loops\textemdashthe slow wind could form in bursty events nearby helmet streamers. Slow winds also exhibit density perturbations that have been shown to be periodic and could be associated with flux ropes ejected from the tip of helmet streamers, as shown recently by the ...

eville, Victor; Velli, Marco; Rouillard, Alexis; Lavraud, Benoit; Tenerani, Anna; Shi, Chen; Strugarek, Antoine;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab911d

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Magnetohydrodynamics; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Plasma astrophysics; Slow solar wind; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind

Effects of Radial Distances on Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes in the Solar Wind

Small-scale magnetic flux ropes (SFRs) in the solar wind have been studied for decades. Statistical analysis utilizing various in situ spacecraft measurements is the main observational approach to investigating the generation and evolution of these small-scale structures. Based on the Grad-Shafranov reconstruction technique, we use the automated detection algorithm to build the databases of these small-scale structures via various spacecraft measurements at different heliocentric distances. We present the SFR properties, ...

Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab8294

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Global Circulation of the Open Magnetic Flux of the Sun

The global circulation of the open magnetic flux of the Sun, the component of the solar magnetic field that opens into the heliosphere, and the consequences of the global circulation were proposed by Fisk and coworkers in the early 2000s. The Parker Solar Probe, on its initial encounters with the Sun, has provided direct confirmation of both the global circulation and the physical mechanism by which the circulation occurs, transport by interchange reconnection between open magnetic flux and large coronal loops. The implic ...

Fisk, L.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8acd

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Heliospheric Current Sheet and Plasma Sheet during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights First Orbit

We present heliospheric current sheet (HCS) and plasma sheet (HPS) observations during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first orbit around the Sun. We focus on the eight intervals that display a true sector boundary (TSB; based on suprathermal electron pitch angle distributions) with one or several associated current sheets. The analysis shows that (1) the main density enhancements in the vicinity of the TSB and HCS are typically associated with electron strahl dropouts, implying magnetic disconnection from the Su ...

Lavraud, B.; Fargette, N.; eville, V.; Szabo, A.; Huang, J.; Rouillard, A.; Viall, N.; Phan, T.; Kasper, J.; Bale, S.; Berthomier, M.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Eastwood, J.; enot, V.; Goetz, K.; Griton, L.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.; Kieokaew, R.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Larson, D.; Lavarra, M.; Livi, R.; Louarn, P.; MacDowall, R.; Maksimovic, M.; Malaspina, D.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Pinto, R.; Poirier, N.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Toledo-Redondo, S.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8d2d

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

A Merged Search-Coil and Fluxgate Magnetometer Data Product for Parker Solar Probe FIELDS

NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission is currently investigating the local plasma environment of the inner heliosphere (\<0.25 R) using both in situ and remote sensing instrumentation. Connecting signatures of microphysical particle heating and acceleration processes to macroscale heliospheric structure requires sensitive measurements of electromagnetic fields over a large range of physical scales. The FIELDS instrument, which provides PSP with in situ measurements of electromagnetic field ...

Bowen, T.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Gruesbeck, J.; Harvey, P.; Jannet, G.; Koval, A.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Sheppard, D.; Szabo, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA027813

Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Proton Beams Simultaneous with Ion-scale Waves

Parker Solar Probe (PSP), NASA\textquoterights latest and closest mission to the Sun, is on a journey to investigate fundamental enigmas of the inner heliosphere. This paper reports initial observations made by the Solar Probe Analyzer for Ions (SPAN-I), one of the instruments in the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons instrument suite. We address the presence of secondary proton beams in concert with ion-scale waves observed by FIELDS, the electromagnetic fields instrument suite. We show two events from PSP\textquote ...

Verniero, J.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Rahmati, A.; McManus, M.; Pyakurel, Sharma; Klein, K.; Bowen, T.; Bonnell, J.; Alterman, B.; Whittlesey, P.; Malaspina, David; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Korreck, K.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; de Wit, Dudok;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab86af

Alfv\ en waves; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Plasma physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

Project Lyra: Catching 1I/\textquoteleftOumuamua \textendash Mission opportunities after 2024

In October 2017, the first interstellar object within our solar system was discovered. Today designated 1I/\textquoterightOumuamua, it shows characteristics that have never before been observed in a celestial body. Due to these characteristics, an in-situ investigation of 1I would be of extraordinary scientific value. Previous studies have demonstrated that a mission to 1I/\textquoterightOumuamua is feasible using current and near-term technologies, however, with an anticipated launch date of 2020-2021. This is too soon t ...

Hibberd, Adam; Hein, Andreas; Eubanks, Marshall;

Published by: Acta Astronautica      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2020.01.018

DeltaV; Interplanetary; Optimization; Oumuamua; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Oberth; Solar Probe Plus; Trajectory

Simulating White-Light Images of Coronal Structures for Parker Solar Probe/WISPR: Study of the Total Brightness Profiles

The Wide-field Imager for Parker Solar Probe (WISPR) captures unprecedented white-light images of the solar corona and inner heliosphere. Thanks to the uniqueness of the Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) orbit, WISPR is able to image "locally" coronal structures at high spatial and time resolutions. The observed plane of sky, however, rapidly changes because of the PSP\textquoterights high orbital speed. Therefore, the interpretation of the dynamics of the coronal structures recorded by WISPR is not straightforward ...

o, Giuseppe; Bothmer, Volker; Vourlidas, Angelos; Liewer, Paulett; Thernisien, Arnaud; Stenborg, Guillermo; Howard, Russell;

Published by: Solar Physics      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01626-y

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Corona; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

The Width, Density, and Outflow of Solar Coronal Streamers

Characterizing the large-scale structure and plasma properties of the inner corona is crucial to understanding the source and subsequent expansion of the solar wind and related space weather effects. Here, we apply a new coronal rotational tomography method, along with a method to narrow streamers and refine the density estimate, to COR2A/Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory observations from a period near solar minimum and maximum, gaining density maps for heights between 4 and 8R. The coronal structure ...

Morgan, Huw; Cook, Anthony;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab7e32

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Coronal Electron Temperature Inferred from the Strahl Electrons in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe and Helios Observations

The shape of the electron velocity distribution function plays an important role in the dynamics of the solar wind acceleration. Electrons are normally modeled with three components, the core, the halo, and the strahl. We investigate how well the fast strahl electrons in the inner heliosphere preserve the information about the coronal electron temperature at their origin. We analyzed the data obtained by two missions, Helios, spanning the distances between 65 and 215 RS, and Parker Solar Probe (PSP), reaching d ...

c, Laura; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Maksimovic, Milan; Badman, Samuel; Landi, Simone; Matteini, Lorenzo; Bale, Stuart.; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab7b7a

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

ICME Evolution in the Inner Heliosphere

ICMEs (interplanetary coronal mass ejections), the heliospheric counterparts of what is observed with coronagraphs at the Sun as CMEs, have been the subject of intense interest since their close association with geomagnetic storms was established in the 1980s. These major interplanetary plasma and magnetic field transients, often preceded and accompanied by solar energetic particles (SEPs), interact with planetary magnetospheres, ionospheres, and upper atmospheres in now fairly well-understood ways, although their details ...

Luhmann, J.; Gopalswamy, N.; Jian, L.; Lugaz, N.;

Published by: Solar Physics      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01624-0

CME; ICME; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; space weather

In Situ Observations of Interplanetary Dust Variability in the Inner Heliosphere

This work examines the variation of interplanetary dust count rates and directionality during the first three solar encounters made by the Parker Solar Probe spacecraft, covering distances between 0.65 au (\~140 solar radii, RS) and 0.16 au (\~35 RS). Dust detections are made by the FIELDS instrument via plasma clouds, produced by impact ionization of dust grains on spacecraft surfaces and resultant spacecraft potential perturbations. Dust count rates and inferred densities are found to vary by \~50\ ...

Malaspina, David; Szalay, Jamey; y, Petr; Page, Brent; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, John; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Goodrich, Katherine; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab799b

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Localized Magnetic-field Structures and Their Boundaries in the Near-Sun Solar Wind from Parker Solar Probe Measurements

One of the discoveries of the Parker Solar Probe during its first encounters with the Sun is ubiquitous presence of relatively small-scale structures standing out as sudden deflections of the magnetic field. They were named "switchbacks" since some of them show a full reversal of the radial component of the magnetic field and then return to "regular" conditions. We carried out an analysis of three typical switchback structures having different characteristics: I. Alfv\ enic structure, where the variations of the magnetic ...

Krasnoselskikh, V.; Larosa, A.; Agapitov, O.; de Wit, Dudok; Moncuquet, M.; Mozer, F.; Stevens, M.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Froment, C.; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Revillet, C.; Velli, M.; Wygant, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab7f2d

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

The evolution of inverted magnetic fields through the inner heliosphereABSTRACT

Local inversions are often observed in the heliospheric magnetic field (HMF), but their origins and evolution are not yet fully understood. Parker Solar Probe has recently observed rapid, Alfv\ enic, HMF inversions in the inner heliosphere, known as \textquoterightswitchbacks\textquoteright, which have been interpreted as the possible remnants of coronal jets. It has also been suggested that inverted HMF may be produced by near-Sun interchange reconnection; a key process in mechanisms proposed for slow solar wind release. ...

Macneil, Allan; Owens, Mathew; Wicks, Robert; Lockwood, Mike; Bentley, Sarah; Lang, Matthew;

Published by: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society      Published on: 04-2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa951

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; magnetic fields; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; plasmas; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Sun: heliosphere

Sunward-propagating Whistler Waves Collocated with Localized Magnetic Field Holes in the Solar Wind: Parker Solar Probe Observations at 35.7 R Radii

Observations by the Parker Solar Probe mission of the solar wind at \~35.7 solar radii reveal the existence of whistler wave packets with frequencies below 0.1 fce (20-80 Hz in the spacecraft frame). These waves often coincide with local minima of the magnetic field magnitude or with sudden deflections of the magnetic field that are called switchbacks. Their sunward propagation leads to a significant Doppler frequency downshift from 200-300 to 20-80 Hz (from 0.2 to 0.5 fce). The polarization of these ...

Agapitov, O.; de Wit, Dudok; Mozer, F.; Bonnell, J.; Drake, J.; Malaspina, D.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Bale, S.; Whittlesey, P.; Case, A.; Chaston, C.; Froment, C.; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Stevens, M.; Wygant, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab799c

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Dependence of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field on Heliocentric Distance at 0.3\textendash1.7~AU: A Six-Spacecraft Study

We use magnetometer data taken simultaneously by MESSENGER, VEX, STEREO and ACE to characterize the variation of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) with heliocentric distance, rh, for rh≲ 1 AU. Power law fits (a rh b) to the individual IMF components and magnitude indicate that, on average, the IMF is more tightly wound and its strength decreases less rapidly with rh than the Parker spiral prediction. During Solar Cycle 24, temporal changes in b were insignificant, but changes in amplitude, a, were correlated with ...

Hanneson, Cedar; Johnson, Catherine; Mittelholz, Anna; Asad, Manar; Goldblatt, Colin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 03/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA027139

Heliosphere; IMF; interplanetary magnetic field; Mars; Mercury; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Venus

Improving Predictions of High-Latitude Coronal Mass Ejections Throughout the Heliosphere

Predictions of the impact of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) in the heliosphere mostly rely on cone CME models, whose performances are optimized for locations in the ecliptic plane and at 1 AU (e.g., at Earth). Progresses in the exploration of the inner heliosphere, however, advocate the need to assess their performances at both higher latitudes and smaller heliocentric distances. In this work, we perform 3-D magnetohydrodynamics simulations of artificial cone CMEs using the EUropean Heliospheric FORecasting Information Ass ...

Scolini, C.; e, Chan\; Pomoell, J.; Rodriguez, L.; Poedts, S.;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 03/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019SW002246

coronal mass ejections; forecasting; Heliosphere; modeling; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

In-situ Switchback Formation in the Expanding Solar Wind

Recent near-Sun solar-wind observations from Parker Solar Probe have found a highly dynamic magnetic environment, permeated by abrupt radial-field reversals, or "switchbacks." We show that many features of the observed turbulence are reproduced by a spectrum of Alfv\ enic fluctuations advected by a radially expanding flow. Starting from simple superpositions of low-amplitude outward-propagating waves, our expanding-box compressible magnetohydrodynamic simulations naturally develop switchbacks because (i) the normalized am ...

Squire, J.; Chandran, B.; Meyrand, R.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab74e1

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Plasma Waves in Space: The Importance of Properly Accounting for the Measuring Device

Electric fields are generally measured or calculated using two intuitive assumptions: (1) the electric field equals the voltage divided by the antenna length when the antenna is electromagnetically short (2) the antenna responds best to electric field along its length. Both assumptions are often incorrect for electrostatic fields because they scale as the Debye length or as the electron gyroradius, which may be smaller than the antenna length. Taking into account this little-known fact enables us to complete or correct se ...

Meyer-Vernet, Nicole; Moncuquet, Michel;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 03/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA027723

electric antennas; parker solar probe; plasma waves; quasi-thermal noise; Solar Probe Plus; Space plasmas

Sharp Alfv\ enic Impulses in the Near-Sun Solar Wind

Measurements of the near-Sun solar wind by the Parker Solar Probe have revealed the presence of large numbers of discrete Alfv\ enic impulses with an anti-sunward sense of propagation. These are similar to those previously observed near 1 au, in high speed streams over the Sun\textquoterights poles and at 60 solar radii. At 35 solar radii, however, they are typically shorter and sharper than seen elsewhere. In addition, these spikes occur in "patches" and there are also clear periods within the same stream when they do no ...

Horbury, Timothy; Woolley, Thomas; Laker, Ronan; Matteini, Lorenzo; Eastwood, Jonathan; Bale, Stuart; Velli, Marco; Chandran, Benjamin; Phan, Tai; Raouafi, Nour; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Pulupa, Marc; Klein, K.; de Wit, Thierry; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Case, A.; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Livi, Roberto;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5b15

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Small, Low-energy, Dispersive Solar Energetic Particle Events Observed by Parker Solar Probe

The Energetic Particle Instrument-Low Energy (EPI-Lo) experiment has detected several weak, low-energy (̃30-300 keV nucleon-1) solar energetic particle (SEP) events during its first two closest approaches to the Sun, providing a unique opportunity to explore the sources of low-energy particle acceleration. As part of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS☉IS) suite, EPI-Lo was designed to investigate the physics of energetic particles; however, in the special lowest-ener ...

Hill, M.; Mitchell, D.; Allen, R.; de Nolfo, G.; Vourlidas, A.; Brown, L.; Jones, S.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mitchell, J.; Szalay, J.; Wallace, S.; Arge, C.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Crew, A.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Henney, C.; Joyce, C.; Krimigis, S.; Leske, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Nelson, K.; Roelof, E.; Schwadron, N.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab643d

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Solar Energetic Particles Produced by a Slow Coronal Mass Ejection at \~0.25 au

We present an analysis of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) IS☉IS observations of ̃30-300 keV n-1 ions on 2018 November 11 when PSP was about 0.25 au from the Sun. Five hours before the onset of a solar energetic particle (SEP) event, a coronal mass ejection (CME) was observed by STEREO-A/COR2, which crossed PSP about a day later. No shock was observed locally at PSP, but the CME may have driven a weak shock earlier. The SEP event was dispersive, with higher energy ions arriving before the lower energy ones. Timing s ...

Giacalone, J.; Mitchell, D.; Allen, R.; Hill, M.; McNutt, R.; Szalay, J.; Desai, M.; Rouillard, A.; Kouloumvakos, A.; McComas, D.; Christian, E.; Schwadron, N.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Bale, S.; Brown, L.; Case, A.; Chen, X.; Cohen, C.; Joyce, C.; Kasper, J.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Leske, R.; MacDowall, R.; Matthaeus, W.; Mewaldt, R.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Pulupa, M.; Roelof, E.; Stevens, M.; Szabo, A.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5221

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Solar Probe ANalyzers\textemdashElectrons on the Parker Solar Probe

Electrostatic analyzers of different designs have been used since the earliest days of the space age, beginning with the very earliest solar-wind measurements made by Mariner 2 en route to Venus in 1962. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission, NASA\textquoterights first dedicated mission to study the innermost reaches of the heliosphere, makes its thermal plasma measurements using a suite of instruments called the Solar Wind Electrons, Alphas, and Protons (SWEAP) investigation. SWEAP\textquoterights electron PSP Analyzer (S ...

Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; Kasper, Justin; Halekas, Jasper; Abatcha, Mamuda; Abiad, Robert; Berthomier, M.; Case, A.; Chen, Jianxin; Curtis, David; Dalton, Gregory; Klein, Kristopher; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; Ludlam, Michael; Marckwordt, Mario; Rahmati, Ali; Robinson, Miles; Slagle, Amanda; Stevens, M.; Tiu, Chris; Verniero, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab7370

Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar coronal heating; Solar instruments; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

The Solar Probe Cup on the Parker Solar Probe

Solar Probe Cup (SPC) is a Faraday cup instrument on board NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft designed to make rapid measurements of thermal coronal and solar wind plasma. The spacecraft is in a heliocentric orbit that takes it closer to the Sun than any previous spacecraft, allowing measurements to be made where the coronal and solar wind plasma is being heated and accelerated. The SPC instrument was designed to be pointed directly at the Sun at all times, allowing the solar wind (which is flowing p ...

Case, A.; Kasper, Justin; Stevens, Michael; Korreck, Kelly; Paulson, Kristoff; Daigneau, Peter; Caldwell, Dave; Freeman, Mark; Henry, Thayne; Klingensmith, Brianna; Bookbinder, J.; Robinson, Miles; Berg, Peter; Tiu, Chris; Wright, K.; Reinhart, Matthew; Curtis, David; Ludlam, Michael; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Klein, Kristopher; c, Mihailo;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5a7b

Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Solar Wind Streams and Stream Interaction Regions Observed by the Parker Solar Probe with Corresponding Observations at 1 au

Several fast solar wind streams and stream interaction regions (SIRs) were observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first orbit (2018 September-2019 January). During this time, several recurring SIRs were also seen at 1 au at both L1 (Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) and Wind) and the location of the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory-Ahead (STEREO-A). In this paper, we compare four fast streams observed by PSP at different radial distances during its first orbit. For three of these fast stream events, ...

Allen, R.; Lario, D.; Odstrcil, D.; Ho, G.; Jian, L.; Cohen, C.; Badman, S.; Jones, S.; Arge, C.; Mays, M.; Mason, G.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Henney, C.; Hill, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Schwadron, N.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab578f

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Source and Propagation of a Streamer Blowout Coronal Mass Ejection Observed by the Parker Solar Probe

In the first orbit of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP), in situ thermal plasma and magnetic field measurements were collected as close as 35 RSun from the Sun, an environment that had not been previously explored. During the first orbit of PSP, the spacecraft flew through a streamer blowout coronal mass ejection (SBO-CME) on 2018 November 11 at 23:50 UT as it exited the science encounter. The SBO-CME on November 11 was directed away from the Earth and was not visible by L1 or Earth-based telescopes due to this geom ...

Korreck, Kelly; Szabo, Adam; Chinchilla, Teresa; Lavraud, Benoit; Luhmann, Janet; Niembro, Tatiana; Higginson, Aleida; Alzate, Nathalia; Wallace, Samantha; Paulson, Kristoff; Rouillard, Alexis; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Poirier, Nicolas; Kasper, Justin; Case, A.; Stevens, Michael; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Goetz, Keith; Larson, Davin; Malaspina, David; Morgan, Huw; Narock, Ayris; Schwadron, Nathan; Bonnell, John; Harvey, Peter; Wygant, John;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6ff9

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Statistics and Polarization of Type III Radio Bursts Observed in the Inner Heliosphere

We present initial results from the Radio Frequency Spectrometer, the high-frequency component of the FIELDS experiment on the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). During the first PSP solar encounter (2018 November), only a few small radio bursts were observed. During the second encounter (2019 April), copious type III radio bursts occurred, including intervals of radio storms where bursts occurred continuously. In this paper, we present initial observations of the characteristics of type III radio bursts in the inner heliosphere, ...

Pulupa, Marc; Bale, Stuart; Badman, Samuel; Bonnell, J.; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Hegedus, Alexander; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Krasnoselskikh, Vladimir; Larson, Davin; Lecacheux, Alain; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Maksimovic, Milan; Malaspina, David; Oliveros, Juan; Meyer-Vernet, Nicole; Moncuquet, Michel; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5dc0

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

3 He-rich Solar Energetic Particle Observations at the Parker Solar Probe and near Earth

The Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS☉IS) instrument suite on the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft is making in situ observations of energetic ions and electrons closer to the Sun than any previous mission. Using data collected during its first two orbits, which reached perihelion distances of 0.17 au, we have searched for \ 3\ He\ 3He -rich solar energetic particle (SEP) events under very quiet solar minimum conditions. On 2019-110-111 (April 20-21), \ 3\ He\ 3He -rich SEP ...

Wiedenbeck, M.; ik, Bu\v; Mason, G.; Ho, G.; Leske, R.; Cohen, C.; Christian, E.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Haggerty, D.; Hill, M.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Malandraki, O.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Posner, A.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Schwadron, N.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5963

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Switchbacks in the Near-Sun Magnetic Field: Long Memory and Impact on the Turbulence Cascade

One of the most striking observations made by Parker Solar Probe during its first solar encounter is the omnipresence of rapid polarity reversals in a magnetic field that is otherwise mostly radial. These so-called switchbacks strongly affect the dynamics of the magnetic field. We concentrate here on their macroscopic properties. First, we find that these structures are self-similar, and have neither a characteristic magnitude, nor a characteristic duration. Their waiting time statistics show evidence of aggregation. The ...

de Wit, Thierry; Krasnoselskikh, Vladimir; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, John; Bowen, Trevor; Chen, Christopher; Froment, Clara; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Jagarlamudi, Vamsee; Larosa, Andrea; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Matthaeus, William; Pulupa, Marc; Velli, Marco; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5853

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Switchbacks in the Solar Magnetic Field: Their Evolution, Their Content, and Their Effects on the Plasma

Switchbacks (rotations of the magnetic field) are observed on the Parker Solar Probe. Their evolution, content, and plasma effects are studied in this paper. The solar wind does not receive a net acceleration from switchbacks that it encountered upstream of the observation point. The typical switchback rotation angle increased with radial distance. Significant Poynting fluxes existed inside, but not outside, switchbacks, and the dependence of the Poynting flux amplitude on the switchback radial location and rotation angle ...

Mozer, F.; Agapitov, O.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, T.; Chaston, C.; Curtis, D.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Wygant, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab7196

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Time Domain Structures and Dust in the Solar Vicinity: Parker Solar Probe Observations

On 2019 April 5, while the Parker Solar Probe was at its 35 solar radius perihelion, the data set collected at 293 samples/s contained more than 10,000 examples of spiky electric-field-like structures with durations less than 200 milliseconds and amplitudes greater than 10 mV m-1. The vast majority of these events were caused by plasma turbulence. Defining dust events as those with similar, narrowly peaked, positive, and single-ended signatures resulted in finding 135 clear dust events, which, after correcting ...

Mozer, F.; Agapitov, O.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Gore, R.; Harvey, P.; Kellogg, P.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Schumm, G.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5e4b

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Turbulence Transport Modeling and First Orbit Parker Solar Probe ( PSP ) Observations

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) achieved its first orbit perihelion on 2018 November 6, reaching a heliocentric distance of about 0.165 au (35.55 R). Here, we study the evolution of fully developed turbulence associated with the slow solar wind along the PSP trajectory between 35.55 R and 131.64 R in the outbound direction, comparing observations to a theoretical turbulence transport model. Several turbulent quantities, such as the fluctuating kinetic energy and the corresponding cor ...

Adhikari, L.; Zank, G.; Zhao, L.-L.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Klein, K.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5852

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

WISPR Imaging of a Pristine CME

The Wide-field Imager for Solar Probe (WISPR) on board the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed a coronal mass ejection (CME) on 2018 November 1, the first day of the initial PSP encounter. The speed of the CME, approximately 200-300 km s-1 in the WISPR field of view, is typical of slow, streamer blowout CMEs. This event was also observed by the Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph Experiment (LASCO) coronagraphs. WISPR and LASCO view remarkably similar structures that enable useful cross-comparison between t ...

Hess, Phillip; Rouillard, Alexis; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Liewer, Paulett; Zhang, Jie; Dhakal, Suman; Stenborg, Guillermo; Colaninno, Robin; Howard, Russell;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4ff0

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Analysis of the Internal Structure of the Streamer Blowout Observed by the Parker Solar Probe During the First Solar Encounter

In this paper, we present an analysis of the internal structure of a coronal mass ejection (CME) detected by in situ instruments on board the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft during its first solar encounter. On 2018 November 11 at 23:53 UT, the FIELDS magnetometer measured an increase in strength of the magnetic field as well as a coherent change in the field direction. The SWEAP instrument simultaneously detected a low proton temperature and signatures of bidirectionality in the electron pitch angle distribution (PAD ...

Nieves-Chinchilla, Teresa; Szabo, Adam; Korreck, Kelly; Alzate, Nathalia; Balmaceda, Laura; Lavraud, Benoit; Paulson, Kristoff; Narock, Ayris; Wallace, Samantha; Jian, Lan; Luhmann, Janet; Morgan, Huw; Higginson, Aleida; Arge, Charles; Bale, Stuart; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Giacalone, Joe; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Jones-Melosky, Shaela; Kasper, J.; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; McComas, David; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Raouafi, Nour; Schwadron, Nathan; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab61f5

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Anticorrelation between the Bulk Speed and the Electron Temperature in the Pristine Solar Wind: First Results from the Parker Solar Probe and Comparison with Helios

We discuss the solar wind electron temperatures Te as measured in the nascent solar wind by Parker Solar Probe during its first perihelion pass. The measurements have been obtained by fitting the high-frequency part of quasi-thermal noise spectra recorded by the Radio Frequency Spectrometer. In addition we compare these measurements with those obtained by the electrostatic analyzer discussed in Halekas et al. These first electron observations show an anticorrelation between Te and the wind bulk speed ...

Maksimovic, M.; Bale, S.; c, Ber\v; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.; Issautier, K.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Jagarlamudi, Krishna; Lahmiti, N.; Larson, D.; Lecacheux, A.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; c, M.; Meyer-Vernet, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Pulupa, M.; Salem, C.; Stevens, M.; ak, \v; Velli, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab61fc

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Clustering of Intermittent Magnetic and Flow Structures near Parker Solar Probe \textquoterights First Perihelion\textemdashA Partial-variance-of-increments Analysis

During the Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first perihelion pass, the spacecraft reached within a heliocentric distance of ̃37 R and observed numerous magnetic and flow structures characterized by sharp gradients. To better understand these intermittent structures in the young solar wind, an important property to examine is their degree of correlation in time and space. To this end, we use the well-tested partial variance of increments (PVI) technique to identify intermittent events in FIELDS and S ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Goldstein, M; Maruca, B.; Chasapis, A.; Matthaeus, W.; Ruffolo, D.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Parashar, T.; Qudsi, R.; de Wit, Dudok; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Velli, M.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab53d2

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Cross Helicity Reversals in Magnetic Switchbacks

We consider 2D joint distributions of normalized residual energy, σr(s, t), and cross helicity, σc(s, t), during one day of Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP\textquoterights) first encounter as a function of wavelet scale s. The broad features of the distributions are similar to previous observations made by Helios in slow solar wind, namely well-correlated and fairly Alfv\ enic wind, except for a population with negative cross helicity that is seen at shorter wavelet scales. We show that thi ...

McManus, Michael; Bowen, Trevor; Mallet, Alfred; Chen, Christopher; Chandran, Benjamin; Bale, Stuart; Larson, Davin; de Wit, Thierry; Kasper, J.; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Korreck, Kelly; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Pulupa, Marc; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Case, Anthony; Bonnell, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6dce

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Density Fluctuations in the Solar Wind Based on Type III Radio Bursts Observed by Parker Solar Probe

Radio waves are strongly scattered in the solar wind, so that their apparent sources seem to be considerably larger and shifted than the actual ones. Since the scattering depends on the spectrum of density turbulence, a better understanding of the radio wave propagation provides indirect information on the relative density fluctuations, ϵ=⟨δn⟩/⟨n⟩\ ϵ=⟨δn⟩/⟨n⟩ , at the effective turbulence scale length. Here, we analyzed 30 type III bursts detected by Parker Sola ...

Krupar, Vratislav; Szabo, Adam; Maksimovic, Milan; Kruparova, Oksana; Kontar, Eduard; Balmaceda, Laura; Bonnin, Xavier; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; Bonnell, John; Harvey, Peter; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; MacDowall, Robert; Kasper, Justin; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Hegedus, Alexander;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab65bd

Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Detailed Imaging of Coronal Rays with the Parker Solar Probe

The Wide-field Imager for Solar PRobe (WISPR) obtained the first high-resolution images of coronal rays at heights below 15 R when the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was located inside 0.25 au during the first encounter. We exploit these remarkable images to reveal the structure of coronal rays at scales that are not easily discernible in images taken from near 1 au. To analyze and interpret WISPR observations, which evolve rapidly both radially and longitudinally, we construct a latitude versus time map using the ...

Poirier, Nicolas; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Rouillard, Alexis; Pinto, Rui; Vourlidas, Angelos; Stenborg, Guillermo; Valette, Emeline; Howard, Russell; Hess, Phillip; Thernisien, Arnaud; Rich, Nathan; Griton, Lea; Indurain, Mikel; Raouafi, Nour-Edine; Lavarra, Michael; eville, Victor;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6324

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Electrons in the Young Solar Wind: First Results from the Parker Solar Probe

The Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons experiment on the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission measures the three-dimensional electron velocity distribution function. We derive the parameters of the core, halo, and strahl populations utilizing a combination of fitting to model distributions and numerical integration for ̃100,000 electron distributions measured near the Sun on the first two PSP orbits, which reached heliocentric distances as small as ̃0.17 au. As expected, the electron core density and temperature increa ...

Halekas, J.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; McGinnis, D.; Maksimovic, M.; Berthomier, M.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Stevens, M.; Klein, K.; Bale, S.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Malaspina, D.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4cec

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Energetic Particle Increases Associated with Stream Interaction Regions

The Parker Solar Probe was launched on 2018 August 12 and completed its second orbit on 2019 June 19 with perihelion of 35.7 solar radii. During this time, the Energetic Particle Instrument-Hi (EPI-Hi, one of the two energetic particle instruments comprising the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun, IS☉IS) measured seven proton intensity increases associated with stream interaction regions (SIRs), two of which appear to be occurring in the same region corotating with the Sun. The events are relatively weak, with ...

Cohen, C.; Christian, E.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Schwadron, N.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Jian, L.; Lario, D.; Odstrcil, D.; Bale, S.; Badman, S.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4c38

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus



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