PSP Bibliography


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Found 538 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 1 through 50


Direct First Parker Solar Probe Observation of the Interaction of Two Successive Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections in 2020 November

We investigate the effects of the evolutionary processes in the internal magnetic structure of two interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) detected in situ between 2020 November 29 and December 1 by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). The sources of the ICMEs were observed remotely at the Sun in EUV and subsequently tracked to their coronal counterparts in white light. This period is of particular interest to the community as it has been identified as the first widespread solar energetic particle event of solar cycle 25. The ...

Nieves-Chinchilla, Teresa; Alzate, Nathalia; Cremades, Hebe; ia, Laura; Santos, Luiz; Narock, Ayris; Xie, Hong; Szabo, Adam; Palmerio, Erika; Krupar, Vratislav; Pulupa, Marc; Lario, David; Stevens, Michael; Wilson, Lynn; Kwon, Ryun-Young; Mays, Leila; St. Cyr, Chris; Hess, Phillip; Reeves, Katharine; Seaton, Daniel; Niembro, Tatiana; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin;

Published by: \apj      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac590b

Parker Data Used; Solar coronal mass ejections; Solar wind; Interplanetary physics; 310; 1534; 827; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

CMEs and SEPs During November-December 2020: A Challenge for Real-Time Space Weather Forecasting

Predictions of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and solar energetic particles (SEPs) are a central issue in space weather forecasting. In recent years, interest in space weather predictions has expanded to include impacts at other planets beyond Earth as well as spacecraft scattered throughout the heliosphere. In this sense, the scope of space weather science now encompasses the whole heliospheric system, and multipoint measurements of solar transients can provide useful insights and validations for prediction models. In this w ...

Palmerio, Erika; Lee, Christina; Mays, Leila; Luhmann, Janet; Lario, David; anchez-Cano, Beatriz; Richardson, Ian; Vainio, Rami; Stevens, Michael; Cohen, Christina; Steinvall, Konrad; Möstl, Christian; Weiss, Andreas; Nieves-Chinchilla, Teresa; Li, Yan; Larson, Davin; Heyner, Daniel; Bale, Stuart; Galvin, Antoinette; Holmström, Mats; Khotyaintsev, Yuri; Maksimovic, Milan; Mitrofanov, Igor;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021SW002993

Parker Data Used; coronal mass ejections; Solar energetic particles; space weather forecasts; MHD models; Inner heliosphere; Solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Density Compressions at Magnetic Switchbacks Associated With Fast Plasma: A Superposed Epoch Analysis

Many magnetic field switchbacks were detected by the Parker Solar Probe and their origin remains a puzzle. We did a superposed epoch analysis (SEA) to investigate the plasma characteristics in the vicinity of switchbacks and their radial evolution. SEA is good way to get the statistical average features of certain types of events that have obvious boundaries and different durations. For 55 events ranging from 1 to 30 min, the SEA results show that a small parcel of plasma is piling up in front of the reversed field, and ...

Liu, Ruoyan; Liu, Yong; Huang, Jia; Huang, Zhaohui; Klecker, Berndt; Wang, Chi;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030382

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; magnetic fields; switchbacks

The incompressible energy cascade rate in anisotropic solar wind turbulence

Context. The presence of a magnetic guide field induces several types of anisotropy in solar wind turbulence. The energy cascade rate between scales in the inertial range depends strongly on the direction of this magnetic guide field, splitting the energy cascade according to the parallel and perpendicular directions with respect to magnetic guide field. \ Aims: Using more than two years of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations, the isotropy and anisotropy energy cascade rates are investigated. The variance and normalized fl ...

es, Andr\; Sahraoui, F.; Huang, S.; Hadid, L.~Z.; Galtier, S.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202142994

Parker Data Used; turbulence; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); plasmas; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Multi-scale image preprocessing and feature tracking for remote CME characterization

Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) influence the interplanetary environment over vast distances in the solar system by injecting huge clouds of fast solar plasma and energetic particles (SEPs). A number of fundamental questions remain about how SEPs are produced, but current understanding points to CME-driven shocks and compressions in the solar corona. At the same time, unprecedented remote and in situ (Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter) solar observations are becoming available to constrain existing theories. Here we present a ...

Stepanyuk, Oleg; Kozarev, Kamen; Nedal, Mohamed;

Published by: Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2022020

Parker Data Used; Coronal bright fronts; coronal mass ejections; image processing; eruptive filaments; CME; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Solar Wind Energetic Proton Beams Produced by Magnetic Reconnection in the Near-Sun Heliospheric Current Sheet

We report observations of reconnection exhausts in the Heliospheric Current Sheet (HCS) during Parker Solar Probe Encounters 08 and 07, at 16 R$_s$ and 20 R$_s$, respectively. Heliospheric current sheet (HCS) reconnection accelerated protons to almost twice the solar wind speed and increased the proton core energy by a factor of \ensuremath\sim3, due to the Alfv\ en speed being comparable to the solar wind flow speed at these near-Sun distances. Furthermore, protons were energized to super-thermal energies. During E08, energ ...

Phan, T.~D.; Verniero, J.~L.; Larson, D.; Lavraud, B.; Drake, J.~F.; Oieroset, M.; Eastwood, J.~P.; Bale, S.~D.; Livi, R.; Halekas, J.~S.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Rahmati, A.; Stansby, D.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Szabo, P.~A.; Koval, A.; Desai, M.; Fuselier, S.~A.; Velli, M.; Hesse, M.; Pyakurel, P.~S.; Maheshwari, K.; Kasper, J.~C.; Stevens, J.~M.; Case, A.~W.; Raouafi, N.~E.;

Published by: \grl      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021GL096986

Parker Data Used; magnetic reconnection; Particle acceleration; Solar wind; parker solar probe; heliospheric current sheet

Frequency Transition From Weak to Strong Turbulence in the Solar Wind

During a specific time window while approaching the Sun, the longitudinal speed of Parker Solar Probe matches that of the Sun s rotation. The spacecraft therefore co-rotates with the Sun, and as long as it does so, it is immersed in the solar-wind plasma of the same flow tube. This unique feature of the Parker Solar Probe s orbital configuration is exploited in this work for the first time, to investigate the spectral properties of the turbulence of the same plasma stream, from large to small scales, very close to the Sun. S ...

Telloni, Daniele;

Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2022.917393

Parker Data Used

Eruption and Interplanetary Evolution of a Stealthy Streamer-Blowout CME Observed by PSP at \ensuremath\sim0.5 AU

Streamer-blowout coronal mass ejections (SBO-CMEs) are the dominant CME population during solar minimum. Although they are typically slow and lack clear low-coronal signatures, they can cause geomagnetic storms. With the aid of extrapolated coronal fields and remote observations of the off-limb low corona, we study the initiation of an SBO-CME preceded by consecutive CME eruptions consistent with a multi-stage sympathetic breakout scenario. From inner-heliospheric Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations, it is evident that the ...

Pal, Sanchita; Lynch, Benjamin; Good, Simon; Palmerio, Erika; Asvestari, Eleanna; Pomoell, Jens; Stevens, Michael; Kilpua, Emilia;

Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2022.903676

Parker Data Used; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Intermittency in the Expanding Solar Wind: Observations from Parker Solar Probe (0.16 au), Helios 1 (0.3-1 au), and Voyager 1 (1-10 au)

We examine statistics of magnetic-field vector components to explore how intermittency evolves from near-Sun plasma to radial distances as large as 10 au. Statistics entering the analysis include autocorrelation, magnetic structure functions of the order of n (SF$_ n $), and scale-dependent kurtosis (SDK), each grouped in ranges of heliocentric distance. The Goddard Space Flight Center Space Physics Data Facility provides magnetic-field measurements for resolutions of 6.8 ms for Parker Solar Probe, 6 s for Helios, and 1.92 s ...

Cuesta, Manuel; Parashar, Tulasi; Chhiber, Rohit; Matthaeus, William;

Published by: \apjs      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ac45fa

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary magnetic fields; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Interplanetary physics; 1534; 824; 1544; 830; 827; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Relativistic Particle Transport and Acceleration in Structured Plasma Turbulence

We discuss the phenomenon of energization of relativistic charged particles in three-dimensional incompressible MHD turbulence and the diffusive properties of the motion of the same particles. We show that the random electric field induced by turbulent plasma motion leads test particles moving in a simulated box to be accelerated in a stochastic way, a second-order Fermi process. A small fraction of these particles happen to be trapped in large- scale structures, most likely formed due to the interaction of islands in the tu ...

Pezzi, Oreste; Blasi, Pasquale; Matthaeus, William;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac5332

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; cosmic rays; Particle astrophysics; 1964; 329; 96; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Physics - Plasma Physics

Core Electron Heating by Triggered Ion Acoustic Waves in the Solar Wind

Perihelion passes on Parker Solar Probe orbits 6-9 have been studied to show that solar wind core electrons emerged from 15 solar radii with a temperature of 55 \ensuremath\pm 5 eV, independent of the solar wind speed, which varied from 300 to 800 km s$^-1$. After leaving 15 solar radii and in the absence of triggered ion acoustic waves at greater distances, the core electron temperature varied with radial distance, R, in solar radii, as 1900R $^-4/3$ eV because of cooling produced by the adiabatic expansion. The coefficient ...

Mozer, F.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Cattell, C.~A.; Halekas, J.; Vasko, I.~Y.; Verniero, J.~L.; Kellogg, P.~J.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac5520

Parker Data Used; Solar corona; Solar wind; 1483; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Statistical Analysis of Intermittency and its Association with Proton Heating in the Near-Sun Environment

We use data from the first six encounters of the Parker Solar Probe and employ the partial variance of increments (PVI) method to study the statistical properties of coherent structures in the inner heliosphere with the aim of exploring physical connections between magnetic field intermittency and observable consequences such as plasma heating and turbulence dissipation. Our results support proton heating localized in the vicinity of, and strongly correlated with, magnetic structures characterized by PVI \ensuremath\geq 1. W ...

Sioulas, Nikos; Velli, Marco; Chhiber, Rohit; Vlahos, Loukas; Matthaeus, William; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Cuesta, Manuel; Shi, Chen; Bowen, Trevor; Qudsi, Ramiz; Stevens, Michael; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4fc1

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics; 1534; 1544; 1261; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Langmuir-Slow Extraordinary Mode Magnetic Signature Observations with Parker Solar Probe

Radio emission from interplanetary shocks, planetary foreshocks, and some solar flares occurs in the so-called plasma emission framework. The generally accepted scenario begins with electrostatic Langmuir waves that are driven by a suprathermal electron beam on the Landau resonance. These Langmuir waves then mode-convert to freely propagating electromagnetic emissions at the local plasma frequency f $_ pe $ and/or its harmonic 2f $_ pe $. However, the details of the physics of mode conversion are unclear, and so far the ...

Larosa, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Bale, S.~D.; Agapitov, O.; Bonnell, J.; Froment, C.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Halekas, J.; Kretzschmar, M.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, David; Moncuquet, M.; Niehof, J.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4e85

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Plasma physics; Space plasmas; 1534; 2089; 1544

Suprathermal Ion Energy Spectra and Anisotropies near the Heliospheric Current Sheet Crossing Observed by the Parker Solar Probe during Encounter 7

We present observations of \ensuremath\gtrsim10-100 keV nucleon$^-1$ suprathermal (ST) H, He, O, and Fe ions associated with crossings of the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) at radial distances of <0.1 au from the Sun. Our key findings are as follows: (1) very few heavy ions are detected during the first full crossing, the heavy-ion intensities are reduced during the second partial crossing and peak just after the second crossing; (2) ion arrival times exhibit no velocity dispersion; (3) He pitch-angle distributions track t ...

Desai, M.~I.; Mitchell, D.~G.; McComas, D.~J.; Drake, J.~F.; Phan, T.; Szalay, J.~R.; Roelof, E.~C.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.~E.; Christian, E.~R.; Schwadron, N.~A.; McNutt, R.~L.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Joyce, C.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Davis, A.~J.; Krimigis, S.~M.; Leske, R.~A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Malandraki, O.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Labrador, A.; Stone, E.~C.; Bale, S.~D.; Verniero, J.; Rahmati, A.; Whittlesey, P.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Niehof, J.~T.; Kasper, J.~C.; Horbury, T.~S.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4961

Parker Data Used; The Sun; Solar magnetic reconnection; Interplanetary particle acceleration; interplanetary magnetic fields; Heliosphere; 1693; 1504; 826; 824; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Flux rope and dynamics of the heliospheric current sheet. Study of the Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter conjunction of June 2020

Context. Solar Orbiter and Parker Solar Probe jointly observed the solar wind for the first time in June 2020, capturing data from very different solar wind streams: calm, Alfv\ enic wind and also highly dynamic large-scale structures. Context. Our aim is to understand the origin and characteristics of the highly dynamic solar wind observed by the two probes, particularly in the vicinity of the heliospheric current sheet (HCS). \ Methods: We analyzed the plasma data obtained by Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter in situ du ...

Réville, V.; Fargette, N.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Lavraud, B.; Velli, M.; Strugarek, A.; Parenti, S.; Brun, A.~S.; Shi, C.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Poirier, N.; Pinto, R.~F.; Louarn, P.; Fedorov, A.; Owen, C.~J.; enot, V.; Horbury, T.~S.; Laker, R.; Brien, H.; Angelini, V.; Fauchon-Jones, E.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202142381

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); magnetic reconnection; methods: numerical; methods: data analysis; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Analysis of the Distribution, Rotation and Scale Characteristics of Solar Wind Switchbacks: Comparison between the First and Second Encounters of Parker Solar Probe

The S-shaped magnetic structure in the solar wind formed by the twisting of magnetic field lines is called a switchback, whose main characteristics are the reversal of the magnetic field and the significant increase in the solar wind radial velocity. We identify 242 switchbacks during the first two encounters of Parker Solar Probe. Statistics methods are applied to analyze the distribution and the rotation angle and direction of the magnetic field rotation of the switchbacks. The diameter of switchbacks is estimated with a m ...

Meng, Ming-Ming; Liu, Ying; Chen, Chong; Wang, Rui;

Published by: Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1088/1674-4527/ac49e4

Parker Data Used; ISM: magnetic fields; methods: statistical; (Sun:) solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

An Extended and Fragmented Alfv\ en Zone in the Young Solar Wind

Motivated by theoretical, numerical, and observational evidence, we explore the possibility that the critical transition between sub-Alfv\ enic flow and super-Alfv\ enic flow in the solar atmosphere takes place in fragmented and disconnected subvolumes within a general Alfv\ en critical zone. The initial observations of sub-Alfv\ enic periods by Parker Solar Probe near 16 R$_\ensuremath\odot$ do not yet provide sufficient evidence to distinguish this possibility from that of a folded surface that separates simply-connected r ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Matthaeus, William; Usmanov, Arcadi; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Goldstein, Melvyn;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stac779

Parker Data Used; Sun: corona; Solar wind; turbulence

Categorizing MHD Discontinuities in the Inner Heliosphere by Utilizing the PSP Mission

The interplanetary discontinuities (IDs) have been widely observed in astrophysical and space plasmas, while their characteristics and evolutions within 0.3 AU are still unclear due to the limitation of spacecraft orbits in previous missions. Here, we report three ID events, including a rotational discontinuity (RD), a tangential discontinuity (TD), and a suspected contact discontinuity (CD), detected by the Parker Solar Probe in a previously unexplored region of the heliosphere as close to the Sun as 0.13 AU. By the combina ...

Liu, Y.~Y.; Fu, H.~S.; Cao, J.~B.; Yu, Y.; Liu, C.~M.; Wang, Z.; Guo, Z.~Z.; He, R.~J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029983

Parker Data Used

PSP Observations of a Slow Shock Pair Bounding a Large-Scale Plasmoid/Macro Magnetic Hole

Slow shocks are introduced to be the main dissipation sites in Petschek reconnection model, but they are seldom observed in interplanetary space. We report a slow shock pair bounding a plasmoid/macro magnetic hole observed by Parker Solar Probe. The jump conditions across the shocks are examined and confirmed to satisfy the Rankine-Hugoniot relations. The flow speed in the preshock and postshock regions of both shocks match up with the characteristics of slow shocks. The slow shock pair is suggested to be a part of a curved ...

Zhou, Zilu; Xu, Xiaojun; Zuo, Pingbing; Wang, Yi; Wang, Ludi; Ye, Yudong; Wang, Ming; Chang, Qing; Wang, Xing; Luo, Lei;

Published by: \grl      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021GL097564

Parker Data Used; slow shocks; magnetic reconnection; Solar wind; magnetic hole

The Kinetic Expansion of Solar-wind Electrons: Transport Theory and Predictions for the Very Inner Heliosphere

We propose a transport theory for the kinetic evolution of solar-wind electrons in the heliosphere. We derive a gyro-averaged kinetic transport equation that accounts for the spherical expansion of the solar wind and the geometry of the Parker spiral magnetic field. To solve our three-dimensional kinetic equation, we develop a mathematical approach that combines the Crank-Nicolson scheme in velocity space and a finite-difference Euler scheme in configuration space. We initialize our model with isotropic electron distribution ...

Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Verscharen, Daniel; Vocks, Christian; Abraham, Joel; Owen, Christopher; Wicks, Robert; Fazakerley, Andrew; Stansby, David; Ber\vci\vc, Laura; Nicolaou, Georgios; Rueda, Jeffersson; Bakrania, Mayur;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4805

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Heliosphere; Theoretical models; 1534; 1544; 711; 2107; Physics - Space Physics

Erratum: The Role of Alfv\ en Wave Dynamics on the Large-scale Properties of the Solar Wind: Comparing an MHD Simulation with Parker Solar Probe E1 data (2020, ApJS, 246, 24)

eville, Victor; Velli, Marco; Panasenco, Olga; Tenerani, Anna; Shi, Chen; Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, J.~C.; Stevens, Michael; Korreck, Kelly; Bonnell, J.~W.; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Malaspina, David; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: \apjs      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ac532e

Parker Data Used

In Situ Measurement of the Energy Fraction in Suprathermal and Energetic Particles at ACE, Wind, and PSP Interplanetary Shocks

The acceleration of charged particles by interplanetary shocks (IPs) can drain a nonnegligible fraction of the plasma pressure. In this study, we have selected 17 IPs observed in situ at 1 au by the Advanced Composition Explorer and the Wind spacecraft, and 1 shock at 0.8 au observed by Parker Solar Probe. We have calculated the time-dependent partial pressure of suprathermal and energetic particles (smaller and greater than 50 keV for protons and 30 keV for electrons, respectively) in both the upstream and downstream region ...

David, Liam; Fraschetti, Federico; Giacalone, Joe; Wimmer-Schweingruber, Robert; Berger, Lars; Lario, David;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac54af

Parker Data Used; Interplanetary shocks; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Space plasmas; 829; 826; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Energy Transfer, Discontinuities, and Heating in the Inner Heliosphere Measured with a Weak and Local Formulation of the Politano-Pouquet Law

The solar wind is a highly turbulent plasma for which the mean rate of energy transfer ɛ has been measured for a long time using the Politano-Pouquet (PP98) exact law. However, this law assumes statistical homogeneity that can be violated by the presence of discontinuities. Here, we introduce a new method based on the inertial dissipation $ D _I^{\sigma }$ whose analytical form is derived from incompressible magnetohydrodynamics; it can be considered as a weak and local (in space) formulation of the PP98 law whose expressio ...

David, V.; Galtier, S.; Sahraoui, F.; Hadid, L.~Z.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac524b

Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; Space plasmas; Solar wind; 830; 1544; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Discrepancy between the Low-frequency Cutoffs of Type III Radio Bursts Based on Simultaneous Observations by WIND and PSP

The cutoff frequency is an important characteristic parameter of type III radio bursts. Employing the radio data of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) in the encounter phases of its first five orbits, our previous work revealed that the maximum probability distribution of the cutoff frequency f $_ lo $ (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde680 kHz) is remarkably higher than that based on Ulysses and WIND (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde100 kHz) investigated by Leblanc et al. and Dulk et al. However, the main influencing factor of the disc ...

Ma, Bing; Chen, Ling; Wu, Dejin; Pulupa, Marc; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac7525

Parker Data Used; Galaxy dynamics; Interplanetary physics; 591; 827

Features of Magnetic Field Switchbacks in Relation to the Local-field Geometry of Large-amplitude Alfv\ enic Oscillations: Wind and PSP Observations

In this Letter, we report observations of magnetic switchback (SB) features near 1 au using data from the Wind spacecraft. These features appear to be strikingly similar to the ones observed by the Parker Solar Probe mission closer to the Sun: namely, one- sided spikes (or enhancements) in the solar-wind bulk speed V that correlate/anticorrelate with the spikes seen in the radial- field component B $_ R $. In the solar-wind streams that we analyzed, these specific SB features near 1 au are associated with large-amplitude Alf ...

Bourouaine, Sofiane; Perez, Jean; Raouafi, Nour; Chandran, Benjamin; Bale, Stuart; Velli, Marco;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac67d9

Parker Data Used; Heliosphere; Solar wind; 711; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

PSP/WISPR Observations of Dust Density Depletion near the Sun. II. New Insights from within the Depletion Zone

Visible light observations from the Wide-field Imager for Solar PRobe (WISPR) aboard the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission offer a unique opportunity to study the dust environment near the Sun. The existence of a dust-free zone (DFZ) around stars was postulated almost a century ago. Despite numerous attempts to detect it from as close as 0.3 au, observational evidence of a circumsolar DFZ has remained elusive. Analysis of WISPR images obtained from heliocentric distances between 13.3-53.7 R $_\ensuremath\odot$ over multiple P ...

Stenborg, Guillermo; Howard, Russell; Vourlidas, Angelos; Gallagher, Brendan;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6b36

Parker Data Used; Circumstellar dust; Solar F corona; 236; 1991

The Effect of the Fluctuating Interplanetary Magnetic Field on the Cosmic Ray Intensity Profile of the Ground-level Enhancement (GLE) Events

We numerically integrate the equations of motion of a large number of GeV protons, released impulsively near the Sun, in order to study their time-intensity behavior at the location of an observer at 1 au. This is relevant to the interpretation of Ground Level Enhancements (GLEs) detected by neutron monitors on Earth. Generally, the observed time-intensity profiles reveal a single sharp rise, followed by slow decay. However, in the 1989 October 22 GLE event, there was an initial sharp spike followed by a secondary smaller sp ...

Moradi, Ashraf; Giacalone, Joe;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac66e0

Parker Data Used; Solar energetic particles; interplanetary magnetic fields; interplanetary turbulence; solar flares; Solar coronal mass ejections; Solar coronal mass ejection shocks; 1491; 824; 830; 1496; 310; 1997

Radial Evolution of Thermal and Suprathermal Electron Populations in the Slow Solar Wind from 0.13 to 0.5 au: Parker Solar Probe Observations

We develop and apply a bespoke fitting routine to a large volume of solar wind electron distribution data measured by Parker Solar Probe over its first five orbits, covering radial distances from 0.13 to 0.5 au. We characterize the radial evolution of the electron core, halo, and strahl populations in the slow solar wind during these orbits. The fractional densities of these three electron populations provide evidence for the growth of the combined suprathermal halo and strahl populations from 0.13 to 0.17 au. Moreover, the ...

Abraham, Joel; Owen, Christopher; Verscharen, Daniel; Bakrania, Mayur; Stansby, David; Wicks, Robert; Nicolaou, Georgios; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Rueda, Jeffersson; Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Ber\vci\vc, Laura;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6605

Parker Data Used; The Sun; Heliosphere; Plasma physics; Solar wind; 1693; 711; 2089; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

The Dynamic Structure of Coronal Hole Boundaries

The boundaries of solar coronal holes are difficult to uniquely define observationally but are sites of interest in part because the slow solar wind appears to originate there. The aim of this article is to explore the dynamics of interchange magnetic reconnection at different types of coronal hole boundaries- namely streamers and pseudostreamers-and their implications for the coronal structure. We describe synthetic observables derived from three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the atmosphere of the Sun in wh ...

Aslanyan, V.; Pontin, D.~I.; Scott, R.~B.; Higginson, A.~K.; Wyper, P.~F.; Antiochos, S.~K.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac69ed

Parker Data Used; Solar Physics; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar corona; Solar coronal holes; Slow solar wind; Magnetohydrodynamics; 1476; 1504; 1483; 1484; 1873; 1964

Contrasting Scaling Properties of Near-Sun Sub-Alfv\ enic and Super-Alfv\ enic Regions

Scale-invariance has rapidly established itself as one of the most used concepts in space plasmas to uncover underlying physical mechanisms via the scaling-law behavior of the statistical properties of field fluctuations. In this work, we characterize the scaling properties of the magnetic field fluctuations in a sub-alfv\ enic region in contrast with those of the nearby super-alfv\ enic zone during the ninth Parker Solar Probe perihelion. With our observations, (i) evidence of an extended self-similarity (ESS) for both the ...

Alberti, Tommaso; Benella, Simone; Carbone, Vincenzo; Consolini, Giuseppe; Quattrociocchi, Virgilio; Stumpo, Mirko;

Published by: Universe      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3390/universe8070338

Parker Data Used

Constraining Global Coronal Models with Multiple Independent Observables

Global coronal models seek to produce an accurate physical representation of the Sun s atmosphere that can be used, for example, to drive space-weather models. Assessing their accuracy is a complex task, and there are multiple observational pathways to provide constraints and tune model parameters. Here, we combine several such independent constraints, defining a model- agnostic framework for standardized comparison. We require models to predict the distribution of coronal holes at the photosphere, and neutral line topology ...

Badman, Samuel; Brooks, David; Poirier, Nicolas; Warren, Harry; Petrie, Gordon; Rouillard, Alexis; Arge, Nick; Bale, Stuart; Agüero, Diego; Harra, Louise; Jones, Shaela; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Riley, Pete; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Wallace, Samantha;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6610

Parker Data Used; Solar Physics; Solar corona; Solar coronal holes; Astronomical models; 1476; 1483; 1484; 86; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Isotropization and Evolution of Energy-containing Eddies in Solar Wind Turbulence: Parker Solar Probe, Helios 1, ACE, WIND, and Voyager 1

We examine the radial evolution of correlation lengths perpendicular ( $\lambda _C^\perp $ ) and parallel ( $\lambda _C^\parallel $ ) to the magnetic-field direction, computed from solar wind magnetic-field data measured by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first eight orbits, Helios 1, Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE), WIND, and Voyager 1 spacecraft. Correlation lengths are grouped by an interval s alignment angle; the angle between the magnetic-field and solar wind velocity vectors (\ensuremath\Theta$_BV$). Parallel a ...

Cuesta, Manuel; Chhiber, Rohit; Roy, Sohom; Goodwill, Joshua; Pecora, Francesco; Jarosik, Jake; Matthaeus, William; Parashar, Tulasi; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac73fd

Parker Data Used; Two-point correlation function; Heliosphere; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; 1951; 711; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

MHD-scale anisotropy in solar wind turbulence near the Sun using Parker solar probe data

Recent Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations have shown the presence of sudden reversals in the radial magnetic field, known as switchbacks. Applying a method based on wavelet analysis, here we study the nature of power and spectral-index anisotropies in switchback and non-switchback intervals using PSP data. While a similar spectral-index anisotropy, consistent with critical balance, is found in the switchback and non-switchback intervals, power anisotropy is more enhanced in the non- switchback samples. This result may be ...

Sakshee, Sakshee; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Banerjee, Supratik;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stac1449

Parker Data Used; MHD; turbulence; methods: data analysis; Solar wind

Taylor Microscale and Effective Reynolds Number near the Sun from PSP

The Taylor microscale is a fundamental length scale in turbulent fluids, representing the end of fluid properties and onset of dissipative processes. The Taylor microscale can also be used to evaluate the Reynolds number in classical turbulence theory. Although the solar wind is weakly collisional, it approximately behaves as a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) fluid at scales larger than the kinetic scale. As a result, classical fluid turbulence theory and formalisms are often used to study turbulence in the MHD range. Therefore, a ...

Phillips, C.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; McComas, D.~J.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac713f

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; 1534; 830; 1964; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Quasi-periodic Energy Release and Jets at the Base of Solar Coronal Plumes

Coronal plumes are long, ray-like, open structures that have been considered as possible sources of the solar wind. Their origin in the largely unipolar coronal holes has long been a mystery. Earlier spectroscopic and imaging observations revealed blueshifted plasma and propagating disturbances (PDs) in plumes that are widely interpreted in terms of flows and/or propagating slow-mode waves, but these interpretations (flows versus waves) remain under debate. Recently we discovered an important clue about plume internal struct ...

Kumar, Pankaj; Karpen, Judith; Uritsky, Vadim; Deforest, Craig; Raouafi, Nour; DeVore, Richard;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6c24

Parker Data Used; Jets; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar wind; Solar coronal plumes; 870; 1504; 1534; 2039; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Parker Solar Probe detects solar radio bursts related with a behind-the-limb active region

Context. The interpretation of solar radio bursts observed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) in the encounter phase plays a key role in understanding intrinsic properties of the emission mechanism in the solar corona. Lower time-frequency resolution of the PSP receiver can be overcome by simultaneous ground-based observations using more advanced antennas and receivers. \ Aims: In this paper we present such observations for which the active active region 12 765, begetter of type III, J, and U solar bursts, was within sight of groun ...

Stanislavsky, Aleksander; Bubnov, Igor; Koval, Artem; Yerin, Serge;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202141984

Parker Data Used; Sun: activity; Sun: corona; Sun: radio radiation; methods: observational; space vehicles; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Multipoint Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections Observed with Solar Orbiter, BepiColombo, Parker Solar Probe, Wind, and STEREO-A

We report the result of the first search for multipoint in situ and imaging observations of interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) starting with the first Solar Orbiter (SolO) data in 2020 April-2021 April. A data exploration analysis is performed including visualizations of the magnetic-field and plasma observations made by the five spacecraft SolO, BepiColombo, Parker Solar Probe (PSP), Wind, and STEREO-A, in connection with coronagraph and heliospheric imaging observations from STEREO-A/SECCHI and SOHO/LASCO. We id ...

Möstl, Christian; Weiss, Andreas; Reiss, Martin; Amerstorfer, Tanja; Bailey, Rachel; Hinterreiter, Jürgen; Bauer, Maike; Barnes, David; Davies, Jackie; Harrison, Richard; von Forstner, Johan; Davies, Emma; Heyner, Daniel; Horbury, Tim; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac42d0

Parker Data Used; 310; 1526; 1534; 1476; 827; 824; 829; 711; 2037; 1472; 1528; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Inertial-range Magnetic-fluctuation Anisotropy Observed from Parker Solar Probe s First Seven Orbits

Solar wind turbulence is anisotropic with respect to the mean magnetic field. Anisotropy leads to ambiguity when interpreting in situ turbulence observations in the solar wind because an apparent change in the measurements could be due to either the change of intrinsic turbulence properties or to a simple change of the spacecraft sampling direction. We demonstrate the ambiguity using the spectral index and magnetic compressibility in the inertial range observed by the Parker Solar Probe during its first seven orbits ranging ...

Zhao, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Adhikari, L.; Nakanotani, M.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4415

Parker Data Used; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Variable Ion Compositions of Solar Energetic Particle Events in the Inner Heliosphere: A Field Line Braiding Model with Compound Injections

We propose a model for interpreting highly variable ion composition ratios in solar energetic particle (SEP) events recently observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) at 0.3-0.45 au. We use numerical simulations to calculate SEP propagation in a turbulent interplanetary magnetic field with a Kolmogorov power spectrum from large scales down to the gyration scale of energetic particles. We show that when the source regions of different species are offset by a distance comparable to the size of the source regions, the observed e ...

Guo, Fan; Zhao, Lulu; Cohen, Christina; Giacalone, Joe; Leske, R.~A.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Kahler, S.~W.; Li, Xiaocan; Zhang, Qile; Ho, George; Desai, Mihir;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3233

Parker Data Used; 1491; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

A Revised Understanding of the Structure of the Venusian Magnetotail From a High-Altitude Intercept With a Tail Ray by Parker Solar Probe

One of the major discoveries of NASA s 1979-1991 Pioneer Venus Orbiter is that the nightside ionosphere becomes filamentary at high altitude, forming comet-like tail rays. Pioneer Venus Orbiter could not establish how much farther into the wake of Venus tail rays extend, nor understand how they form. Here we present plasma and fields data from the fourth flyby of Venus by NASA s Parker Solar Probe consistent with an intercept with an ionospheric tail ray. The observations unambiguously demonstrate that Venusian Ionotail Rays ...

Collinson, Glyn; Ramstad, Robin; Frahm, Rudy; Wilson, Lynn; Xu, Shaosui; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Brecht, Stephen; Ledvina, Stephen;

Published by: \grl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021GL096485

Parker Data Used; Venus; Tail Rays; ionosphere; upper hybrid emission; parker solar probe; Atmospheric escape

Widespread 1-2 MeV Energetic Particles Associated with Slow and Narrow Coronal Mass Ejections: Parker Solar Probe and STEREO Measurements

Suprathermal ions in the corona are thought to serve as seed particles for large gradual solar energetic particle (SEP) events associated with fast and wide coronal mass ejections (CMEs). A better understanding of the role of suprathermal particles as seed populations for SEP events can be made by using observations close to the Sun. We study a series of SEP events observed by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS\ensuremath\odotIS) suite on board the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) from 2020 May 27 to June 2, during ...

Zhuang, Bin; Lugaz, No\; Lario, David;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3af2

Parker Data Used; 1491; 310; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Clouds of Spacecraft Debris Liberated by Hypervelocity Dust Impacts on Parker Solar Probe

Hypervelocity impacts on spacecraft surfaces produce a wide range of effects including transient plasma clouds, surface material ablation, and for some impacts, the liberation of spacecraft material as debris clouds. This study examines debris-producing impacts on the Parker Solar Probe spacecraft as it traverses the densest part of the zodiacal cloud: the inner heliosphere. Hypervelocity impacts by interplanetary dust grains on the spacecraft that produce debris clouds are identified and examined. Impact-generated plasma an ...

Malaspina, David; Stenborg, Guillermo; Mehoke, Doug; Al-Ghazwi, Adel; Shen, Mitchell; Hsu, Hsiang-Wen; Iyer, Kaushik; Bale, Stuart; de Wit, Thierry;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3bbb

Parker Data Used; 1845; 821; 1549; 1542; 1544

Anomalous Cosmic-Ray Oxygen Observations into 0.1 au

The Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite onboard NASA s Parker Solar Probe mission continues to measure solar energetic particles and cosmic rays closer to the Sun than ever before. Here, we present the first observations of cosmic rays into 0.1 au (21.5 solar radii), focusing specifically on oxygen from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde2018.7 to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde2021.2. Our energy spectra reveal an anomalous cosmic-ray-dominated profile that is comparable to that at 1 au, across multiple so ...

Rankin, J.~S.; McComas, D.~J.; Leske, R.~A.; Christian, E.~R.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Cummings, A.~C.; Joyce, C.~J.; Labrador, A.~W.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Stone, E.~C.; Strauss, R.~D.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac348f

Parker Data Used; 567; 329; 1487; 1193; 1503; 1476; 1534; 96; 1544; 711; 1322; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Parker Solar Probe Evidence for the Absence of Whistlers Close to the Sun to Scatter Strahl and to Regulate Heat Flux

Using the Parker Solar Probe FIELDS bandpass-filter data and SWEAP electron data from Encounters 1 through 9, we show statistical properties of narrowband whistlers from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde16 R $_s$ to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde130 R $_s$, and compare wave occurrence to electron properties including beta, temperature anisotropy, and heat flux. Whistlers are very rarely observed inside \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde28 R $_s$ (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.13 au). Outside 28 R $_s$, they occur within a narrow ...

Cattell, C.; Breneman, A.; Dombeck, J.; Hanson, E.; Johnson, M.; Halekas, J.; Bale, S.~D.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Case, T.; Kasper, J.~C.; Larson, D.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4015

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1261; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Numerical Modeling of Suprathermal Electron Transport in the Solar Wind: Effects of Whistler Turbulence with a Full Diffusion Tensor

The electron VDF in the solar wind consists of a Maxwellian core, a suprathermal halo, a field-aligned component strahl, and an energetic superhalo that deviates from the equilibrium. Whistler wave turbulence is thought to resonantly scatter the observed electron velocity distribution. Wave-particle interactions that contribute to Whistler wave turbulence are introduced into a Fokker-Planck kinetic transport equation that describes the interaction between the suprathermal electrons and the Whistler waves. A recent numerical ...

Tang, Bofeng; Zank, Gary; Kolobov, Vladimir;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac36c9

Parker Data Used; 1534

Strong Perpendicular Velocity-space Diffusion in Proton Beams Observed by Parker Solar Probe

The SWEAP instrument suite on Parker Solar Probe (PSP) has detected numerous proton beams associated with coherent, circularly polarized, ion-scale waves observed by PSP s FIELDS instrument suite. Measurements during PSP Encounters 4-8 revealed pronounced complex shapes in the proton velocity distribution functions (VDFs), in which the tip of the beam undergoes strong perpendicular diffusion, resulting in VDF level contours that resemble a hammerhead. We refer to these proton beams, with their attendant hammerhead fe ...

Verniero, J.~L.; Chandran, B.~D.~G.; Larson, D.~E.; Paulson, K.; Alterman, B.~L.; Badman, S.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Bowen, T.~A.; de Wit, Dudok; Kasper, J.~C.; Klein, K.~G.; Lichko, E.; Livi, R.; McManus, M.~D.; Rahmati, A.; Verscharen, D.; Walters, J.; Whittlesey, P.~L.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac36d5

Parker Data Used; 1544; 23; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Two Correlations with Enhancement Near the Proton Gyroradius Scale in Solar Wind Turbulence: Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Wind Observations

Based on the Parker Solar Probe mission, this paper presents the observations of two correlations in solar wind turbulence near the Sun for the first time, demonstrating the clear existence of the following two correlations. One is positive correlation between the proton temperature and turbulent magnetic energy density. The other is negative correlation between the spectral index and magnetic helicity. It is found that the former correlation has a maximum correlation coefficient (CC) at the wavenumber k \ensuremath\rho $_ p ...

Zhao, G.~Q.; Lin, Y.; Wang, X.~Y.; Feng, H.~Q.; Wu, D.~J.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3747

Parker Data Used; 1534; 830; 1989; 1544; 2089

A Study of an Equatorial Coronal Hole Observed at the First Parker Solar Probe Perihelion

In this study, we present an observational analysis of a coronal hole (CH) observed on 2018 November 1 and solar wind (SW) that originated from it, using the Solar Dynamics Observatory, the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations at 68 solar radii, ACE and WIND data at 1 au, and interplanetary scintillation (IPS) observations from 0.2 to 1 au. The CH-originated SW stream was observed by L1 on 2018 November 4 and by PSP on 2018 November 15. We examined the CH for nine Carrington Rotations (CR) and find that the SW stream to rea ...

Karna, Nishu; Berger, Mitchell; Asgari-Targhi, Mahboubeh; Paulson, Kristoff; Fujiki, Ken;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3c46

Parker Data Used; 1484; 1534; 314

Three-Dimensional Anisotropy and Scaling Properties of Solar Wind Turbulence at Kinetic Scales in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe Observations

We utilize the data from the Parker Solar Probe mission at its first perihelion to investigate the three-dimensional (3D) anisotropies and scalings of solar wind turbulence for the total, perpendicular, and parallel magnetic-field fluctuations at kinetic scales in the inner heliosphere. By calculating the five-point second-order structure functions, we find that the three characteristic lengths of turbulence eddies for the total and the perpendicular magnetic-field fluctuations in the local reference frame $(\hatL_\perp ,\ha ...

Zhang, J.; Huang, S.~Y.; He, J.~S.; Wang, T.~Y.; Yuan, Z.~G.; Deng, X.~H.; Jiang, K.; Wei, Y.~Y.; Xu, S.~B.; Xiong, Q.~Y.; Lin, R.~T.; Yu, L.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4027

Parker Data Used; 1534; 830

Simulation of Plasma Emission in Magnetized Plasmas

The recent Parker Solar Probe observations of type III radio bursts show that the effects of the finite background magnetic field can be an important factor in the interpretation of data. In the present paper, the effects of the background magnetic field on the plasma-emission process, which is believed to be the main emission mechanism for solar coronal and interplanetary type III radio bursts, are investigated by means of the particle-in-cell simulation method. The effects of the ambient magnetic field are systematically s ...

Lee, Sang-Yun; Yoon, Peter; Lee, Ensang; Tu, Weichao;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac32bb

Parker Data Used; 1544; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

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