# PSP Bibliography

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## Found 22 entries in the Bibliography.

### Showing entries from 1 through 22

 2022 Intermittency in the Expanding Solar Wind: Observations from Parker Solar Probe (0.16 au), Helios 1 (0.3-1 au), and Voyager 1 (1-10 au) We examine statistics of magnetic-field vector components to explore how intermittency evolves from near-Sun plasma to radial distances as large as 10 au. Statistics entering the analysis include autocorrelation, magnetic structure functions of the order of n (SF$_ n$), and scale-dependent kurtosis (SDK), each grouped in ranges of heliocentric distance. The Goddard Space Flight Center Space Physics Data Facility provides magnetic-field measurements for resolutions of 6.8 ms for Parker Solar Probe, 6 s for Helios, and 1.92 s ... Cuesta, Manuel; Parashar, Tulasi; Chhiber, Rohit; Matthaeus, William; Published by: \apjs      Published on: mar YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ac45fa Suprathermal Ion Energy Spectra and Anisotropies near the Heliospheric Current Sheet Crossing Observed by the Parker Solar Probe during Encounter 7 We present observations of \ensuremath\gtrsim10-100 keV nucleon$^-1$ suprathermal (ST) H, He, O, and Fe ions associated with crossings of the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) at radial distances of <0.1 au from the Sun. Our key findings are as follows: (1) very few heavy ions are detected during the first full crossing, the heavy-ion intensities are reduced during the second partial crossing and peak just after the second crossing; (2) ion arrival times exhibit no velocity dispersion; (3) He pitch-angle distributions track t ... Desai, M.~I.; Mitchell, D.~G.; McComas, D.~J.; Drake, J.~F.; Phan, T.; Szalay, J.~R.; Roelof, E.~C.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.~E.; Christian, E.~R.; Schwadron, N.~A.; McNutt, R.~L.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Joyce, C.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Davis, A.~J.; Krimigis, S.~M.; Leske, R.~A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Malandraki, O.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Labrador, A.; Stone, E.~C.; Bale, S.~D.; Verniero, J.; Rahmati, A.; Whittlesey, P.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Niehof, J.~T.; Kasper, J.~C.; Horbury, T.~S.; Published by: \apj      Published on: mar YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4961 The Effect of the Fluctuating Interplanetary Magnetic Field on the Cosmic Ray Intensity Profile of the Ground-level Enhancement (GLE) Events We numerically integrate the equations of motion of a large number of GeV protons, released impulsively near the Sun, in order to study their time-intensity behavior at the location of an observer at 1 au. This is relevant to the interpretation of Ground Level Enhancements (GLEs) detected by neutron monitors on Earth. Generally, the observed time-intensity profiles reveal a single sharp rise, followed by slow decay. However, in the 1989 October 22 GLE event, there was an initial sharp spike followed by a secondary smaller sp ... Moradi, Ashraf; Giacalone, Joe; Published by: \apj      Published on: jun YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac66e0 First Measurements of Jovian Electrons by Parker Solar Probe/IS\ensuremath\odotIS within 0.5 au of the Sun Energetic electrons of Jovian origin have been observed for decades throughout the heliosphere, as far as 11 au, and as close as 0.5 au, from the Sun. The treatment of Jupiter as a continuously emitting point source of energetic electrons has made Jovian electrons a valuable tool in the study of energetic electron transport within the heliosphere. We present observations of Jovian electrons measured by the EPI-Hi instrument in the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite on Parker Solar Probe at distances ... Mitchell, J.~G.; Leske, R.~A.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Christian, E.~R.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; McComas, D.~J.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Cummings, A.~C.; Hill, M.~E.; Labrador, A.~W.; Mays, M.~L.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Odstrcil, D.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Stone, E.~C.; Szalay, J.~R.; Published by: \apj      Published on: jul YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac75ce Solar Chromospheric Network as a Source for Solar Wind Switchbacks Recent studies suggest that the magnetic switchbacks (SBs) detected by the Parker Solar Probe carry information on the scales of solar supergranulation (large scale) and granulation (medium scale). We test this claim using high-resolution H\ensuremath\alpha images obtained with the visible spectropolarimeters of the Goode Solar Telescope in Big Bear Solar Observatory. As possible solar sources, we count all the spicule-like features standing along the chromospheric networks near the coronal hole boundary visible in the H\ens ... Lee, Jeongwoo; Yurchyshyn, Vasyl; Wang, Haimin; Yang, Xu; Cao, Wenda; Oliveros, Juan; Published by: \apjl      Published on: aug YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac86bf Magnetic Switchback Occurrence Rates in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe and 1 au The subject of switchbacks, defined either as large angular deflections or polarity reversals of the magnetic field, has generated substantial interest in the space physics community since the launch of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) in 2018. Previous studies have characterized switchbacks in several different ways and have been restricted to data available from the first few orbits. Here, we analyze the frequency of occurrence of switchbacks per unit distance for the first full eight orbits of PSP. In this work, events that r ... Pecora, Francesco; Matthaeus, William; Primavera, Leonardo; Greco, Antonella; Chhiber, Rohit; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Servidio, Sergio; Published by: \apjl      Published on: apr YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac62d4 2021 Comparative Analysis of the 2020 November 29 Solar Energetic Particle Event Observed by Parker Solar Probe We analyze two specific features of the intense solar energetic particle (SEP) event observed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) between 2020 November 29 and 2020 December 2. The interplanetary counterpart of the coronal mass ejection (CME) on 2020 November 29 that generated the SEP event (hereafter ICME-2) arrived at PSP (located at 0.8 au from the Sun) on 2020 December 1. ICME-2 was preceded by the passage of an interplanetary shock at 18:35 UT on 2020 November 30 (hereafter S2), that in turn was preceded by another ICME (i.e., I ... Lario, D.; Richardson, I.~G.; Palmerio, E.; Lugaz, N.; Bale, S.~D.; Stevens, M.~L.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Giacalone, J.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Szabo, A.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Wilson, L.~B.; Christian, E.~R.; Hill, M.~E.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Published by: \apj      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac157f Predicting the Magnetic Fields of a Stealth CME Detected by Parker Solar Probe at 0.5 au Stealth coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are eruptions from the Sun that are not associated with appreciable low-coronal signatures. Because they often cannot be linked to a well-defined source region on the Sun, analysis of their initial magnetic configuration and eruption dynamics is particularly problematic. In this article, we address this issue by undertaking the first attempt at predicting the magnetic fields of a stealth CME that erupted in 2020 June from the Earth-facing Sun. We estimate its source region with the aid o ... Palmerio, Erika; Kay, Christina; Al-Haddad, Nada; Lynch, Benjamin; Yu, Wenyuan; Stevens, Michael; Pal, Sanchita; Lee, Christina; Published by: \apj      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac25f4 Impact of Switchbacks on Turbulent Cascade and Energy Transfer Rate in the Inner Heliosphere Recent Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations of inner heliospheric plasma have shown an abundant presence of Alfv\ enic polarity reversal of the magnetic field, known as switchbacks. While their origin is still debated, their role in driving the solar wind turbulence has been suggested through analysis of the spectral properties of magnetic fluctuations. Here, we provide a complementary assessment of their role in the turbulent cascade. The validation of the third-order linear scaling of velocity and magnetic fluctuation ... andez, Carlos; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Chasapis, Alexandros; asconez, Christian; Marino, Raffaele; Pezzi, Oreste; Published by: \apjl      Published on: nov YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac36d1 Characteristics of Interplanetary Discontinuities in the Inner Heliosphere Revealed by Parker Solar Probe We present a statistical analysis for the characteristics and spatial evolution of the interplanetary discontinuities (IDs) in the solar wind, from 0.13-0.9 au, by using the Parker Solar Probe measurements on Orbits 4 and 5. We collected 3948 IDs, including 2511 rotational discontinuities (RDs) and 557 tangential discontinuities (TDs), with the remnant unidentified. The statistical results show that (1) the ID occurrence rate decreases from 200 events per day at 0.13 au to 1 event per day at 0.9 au, following a spatial scali ... Liu, Y.~Y.; Fu, H.~S.; Cao, J.~B.; Liu, C.~M.; Wang, Z.; Guo, Z.~Z.; Xu, Y.; Bale, S.~D.; Kasper, J.~C.; Published by: \apj      Published on: aug YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac06a1 Evolution of Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejection Complexity: A Numerical Study through a Swarm of Simulated Spacecraft In-situ measurements carried out by spacecraft in radial alignment are critical to advance our knowledge on the evolutionary behavior of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and their magnetic structures during propagation through interplanetary space. Yet, the scarcity of radially aligned CME crossings restricts investigations on the evolution of CME magnetic structures to a few case studies, preventing a comprehensive understanding of CME complexity changes during propagation. In this Letter, we perform numerical simulations of C ... Scolini, Camilla; Winslow, Reka; Lugaz, No\; Poedts, Stefaan; Published by: \apjl      Published on: aug YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac0d58 First Observations of Anomalous Cosmic Rays in to 36 Solar Radii NASA s Parker Solar Probe mission continues to travel closer to the Sun than any prior human-made object, with an expected closest approach of <10 solar radii (<0.046 au) by 2024. On board, the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite makes unprecedented in situ measurements of energetic particles in the near-Sun environment. The current low level of solar activity offers a prime opportunity to measure cosmic rays closer to the Sun than ever before. We present the first observations of anomalous cosmic ra ... Rankin, J.; McComas, D.; Leske, R.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Cummings, A.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Mewaldt, R.; Posner, A.; Schwadron, N.; Strauss, R.; Stone, E.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec7e Switchbacks Explained: Super-Parker Fields—The Other Side of the Sub-Parker Spiral We provide a simple geometric explanation for the source of switchbacks and associated large and one-sided transverse flows in the solar wind observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). The more radial, sub-Parker spiral structure of the heliospheric magnetic field observed previously by Ulysses, ACE, and STEREO is created within rarefaction regions where footpoint motion from the source of fast into slow wind at the Sun creates a magnetic fieldline connection across solar wind speed shear. Conversely, when footpoints move fro ... Schwadron, N.; McComas, D.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd4e6 Characteristics of Magnetic Holes in the Solar Wind Revealed by Parker Solar Probe Yu, L.; Huang, S.~Y.; Yuan, Z.~G.; Jiang, K.; Xiong, Q.~Y.; Xu, S.~B.; Wei, Y.~Y.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, Z.~H.; Published by: \apj      Published on: 02/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb9a8 Random Walk and Trapping of Interplanetary Magnetic Field Lines: Global Simulation, Magnetic Connectivity, and Implications for Solar Energetic Particles The random walk of magnetic field lines is an important ingredient in understanding how the connectivity of the magnetic field affects the spatial transport and diffusion of charged particles. As solar energetic particles propagate away from near-solar sources, they interact with the fluctuating magnetic field, which modifies their distributions. We develop a formalism in which the differential equation describing the field line random walk contains both effects due to localized magnetic displacements and a non-stochastic co ... Chhiber, Rohit; Ruffolo, David; Matthaeus, William; Usmanov, Arcadi; Tooprakai, Paisan; Chuychai, Piyanate; Goldstein, Melvyn; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 02/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7f0 2020 Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulent Evolution of a Magnetic Cloud in the Outer Heliosphere Telloni, Daniele; Zhao, Lingling; Zank, Gary; Liang, Haoming; Nakanotani, Masaru; Adhikari, Laxman; Carbone, Francesco; Amicis, Raffaella; Perrone, Denise; Bruno, Roberto; Dasso, Sergio; Published by: \apjl      Published on: 12/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abcb03 Prediction of the In Situ Coronal Mass Ejection Rate for Solar Cycle 25: Implications for Parker Solar Probe In Situ Observations The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Solar Orbiter missions are designed to make groundbreaking observations of the Sun and interplanetary space within this decade. We show that a particularly interesting in situ observation of an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) by PSP may arise during close solar flybys (<0.1 au). During these times, the same magnetic flux rope inside an ICME could be observed in situ by PSP twice, by impacting its frontal part as well as its leg. Investigating the odds of this situation, we forecas ... Möstl, Christian; Weiss, Andreas; Bailey, Rachel; Reiss, Martin; Amerstorfer, Tanja; Hinterreiter, Jürgen; Bauer, Maike; McIntosh, Scott; Lugaz, No\; Stansby, David; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 11/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb9a1 On the Scaling Properties of Magnetic-field Fluctuations through the Inner Heliosphere Although the interplanetary magnetic-field variability has been extensively investigated in situ using data from several space missions, newly launched missions providing high-resolution measures and approaching the Sun offer the possibility to study the multiscale variability in the innermost\ solar\ system. Here, using\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\ measurements, we investigate the scaling properties of\ solar\ wind magnetic-field fluctuations at different heliocentric distances. The resu ... Alberti, Tommaso; Laurenza, Monica; Consolini, Giuseppe; Milillo, Anna; Marcucci, Maria; Carbone, Vincenzo; Bale, Stuart; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb3d2 Cross Helicity of the 2018 November Magnetic Cloud Observed by the Parker Solar Probe Magnetic clouds are large-scale transient structures in the solar wind with low plasma-beta, low-amplitude magnetic field fluctuations, and twisted field lines with both ends often connected to the Sun. Their inertial-range turbulent properties have not been examined in detail. In this Letter, we analyze the normalized cross helicity, sigma(c), and residual energy, sigma(r), of plasma fluctuations in the 2018 November magnetic cloud observed at 0.25.au by the Parker Solar Probe. A low value of |sigma(c)| was present in th ... Good, S.; Kilpua, E.; Ala-Lahti, M.; Osmane, A.; Bale, S.; Zhao, L.-L.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 09/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abb021 2019 Evolution of Coronal Mass Ejection Properties in the Inner Heliosphere: Prediction for the Solar Orbiter and Parker Solar Probe The evolution of the magnetic field and plasma quantities inside a coronal mass ejection (CME) with distance are known from statistical studies using data from 1 au monitors, planetary missions, Helios, and Ulysses. This does not cover the innermost heliosphere, below 0.29 au, where no data are yet publicly available. Here, we describe the evolution of the properties of simulated CMEs in the inner heliosphere using two different initiation mechanisms. We compare the radial evolution of these properties with that found fro ... Al-Haddad, Nada; Lugaz, No\; Poedts, Stefaan; Farrugia, Charles; Nieves-Chinchilla, Teresa; Roussev, Ilia; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2019 YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab4126 2014 Magnetic Reconnection and Intermittent Turbulence in the Solar Wind Osman, K.~T.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Gosling, J.~T.; Greco, A.; Servidio, S.; Hnat, B.; Chapman, S.~C.; Phan, T.~D.; Published by: \prl      Published on: 05/2014 YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.215002 An analysis of Alfv\ en radius based on sunspot number from 1749 to today The Solar Probe Plus mission now under construction will provide the first in situ measurements from inside the orbit of Mercury. The most critical part of that mission will be measurements from inside the Alfv\ en radius where the Alfv\ en speed exceeds the wind speed and the physics of the solar wind changes fundamentally due, in part, to the multidirectionality of wave propagation. In this region waves from both sunward and antisunward of the observation point can effect the local dynamics including the turbulent evolu ... Goelzer, Molly; Schwadron, Nathan; Smith, Charles; Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2014 YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019420

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