PSP Bibliography





Notice:

  • Clicking on the title will open a new window with all details of the bibliographic entry.
  • Clicking on the DOI link will open a new window with the original bibliographic entry from the publisher.
  • Clicking on a single author will show all publications by the selected author.
  • Clicking on a single keyword, will show all publications by the selected keyword.



Found 176 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2021

Electron Bernstein waves and narrowband plasma waves near the electron cyclotron frequency in the near-Sun solar wind

Context. Recent studies of the solar wind sunward of 0.25 AU reveal that it contains quiescent regions, with low-amplitude plasma and magnetic field fluctuations, and a magnetic field direction similar to the Parker spiral. The quiescent regions are thought to have a more direct magnetic connection to the solar corona than other types of solar wind, suggesting that waves or instabilities in the quiescent regions are indicative of the early evolution of the solar wind as it escapes the corona. The quiescent solar wind regions ...

Malaspina, D.; Wilson, L.; Ergun, R.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Goodrich, K.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Halekas, J.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Larson, D.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140449

Solar wind; plasmas; instabilities; waves; Parker Data Used

Magnetic field line random walk and solar energetic particle path lengths. Stochastic theory and PSP/IS⊙IS observations

Context. In 2020 May-June, six solar energetic ion events were observed by the Parker Solar Probe/IS⊙IS instrument suite at ≈0.35 AU from the Sun. From standard velocity-dispersion analysis, the apparent ion path length is ≈0.625 AU at the onset of each event.
Aims: We develop a formalism for estimating the path length of random-walking magnetic field lines to explain why the apparent ion path length at an event onset greatly exceeds the radial distance from the Sun for these events.
Methods: We developed ...

Chhiber, R.; Matthaeus, W.; Cohen, C.; Ruffolo, D.; Sonsrettee, W.; Tooprakai, P.; Seripienlert, A.; Chuychai, P.; Usmanov, A.; Goldstein, M.; McComas, D.; Leske, R.; Szalay, J.; Joyce, C.; Cummings, A.; Roelof, E.; Christian, E.; Mewaldt, R.; Labrador, A.; Giacalone, J.; Schwadron, N.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; Wiedenbeck, M.; McNutt, R.; Desai, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039816

turbulence; Solar wind; Sun: magnetic fields; diffusion; Sun: flares; acceleration of particles; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

A new view of energetic particles from stream interaction regions observed by Parker Solar Probe

Early observations from the first orbit of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) show recurrent stream interaction regions that form close to the Sun. Energetic particle enhancements were observed on the 320th-326th day of the year 2018, which corresponds to ~1-7 days after the passage of the stream interface between faster and slower solar wind. Energetic particles stream into the inner heliosphere to the PSP spacecraft near 0.33 au (71 solar radii) where they are measured by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS⊙IS). Th ...

Schwadron, N.; Joyce, C.; Aly, A.; Cohen, C.; Desai, M.; McComas, D.; Niehof, J.; Möbius, E.; Lee, M.; Bower, J.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; Davis, A.; de Wet, W.; Goetz, K.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Allen, R.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Leske, R.; Malandraki, O.; Matthaeus, W.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Pulupa, M.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039352

Sun: magnetic fields; Solar wind; Sun: heliosphere; shock waves; acceleration of particles; Parker Data Used

Applicability of Taylor s hypothesis during Parker Solar Probe perihelia

We investigate the validity of Taylor s hypothesis (TH) in the analysis of velocity and magnetic field fluctuations in Alfvénic solar wind streams measured by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during the first four encounters. The analysis is based on a recent model of the spacetime correlation of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence, which has been validated in high-resolution numerical simulations of strong reduced MHD turbulence. We use PSP velocity and magnetic field measurements from 24 h intervals selected from each of the fir ...

Perez, Jean; Bourouaine, Sofiane; Chen, Christopher; Raouafi, Nour;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039879

Solar wind; Sun: heliosphere; turbulence; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); plasmas; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Alfvénic versus non-Alfvénic turbulence in the inner heliosphere as observed by Parker Solar Probe

Context. Parker Solar Probe (PSP) measures the magnetic field and plasma parameters of the solar wind at unprecedentedly close distances to the Sun. These data provide great opportunities to study the early-stage evolution of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in the solar wind.
Aims: In this study, we make use of the PSP data to explore the nature of solar wind turbulence focusing on the Alfvénic character and power spectra of the fluctuations and their dependence on the distance and context (i.e., large-scale sol ...

Shi, C.; Velli, M.; Panasenco, O.; Tenerani, A.; Réville, V.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Malaspina, D.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Case, A.; Larson, D.; Verniero, J.; Livi, R.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Maksimovic, M.; Moncuquet, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039818

turbulence; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); Solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

The contribution of alpha particles to the solar wind angular momentum flux in the inner heliosphere

Context. An accurate assessment of the Sun s angular momentum (AM) loss rate is an independent constraint for models that describe the rotation evolution of Sun-like stars.
Aims: In situ measurements of the solar wind taken by Parker Solar Probe (PSP), at radial distances of ~28−55 R, are used to constrain the solar wind AM-loss rate. For the first time with PSP, this includes a measurement of the alpha particle contribution.
Methods: The mechanical AM flux in the solar wind protons (core and be ...

Finley, A.; McManus, M.; Matt, S.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Bale, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039288

Solar wind; stars: evolution; stars: winds; outflows; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Prevalence of magnetic reconnection in the near-Sun heliospheric current sheet

During three of its first five orbits around the Sun, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) crossed the large-scale heliospheric current sheet (HCS) multiple times and provided unprecedented detailed plasma and field observations of the near-Sun HCS. We report the common detections by PSP of reconnection exhaust signatures in the HCS at heliocentric distances of 29.5-107 solar radii during encounters 1, 4, and 5. Both sunward and antisunward-directed reconnection exhausts were observed. In the sunward reconnection exhausts, PSP detected ...

Phan, T.; Lavraud, B.; Halekas, J.; Øieroset, M.; Drake, J.; Eastwood, J.; Shay, M.; Pyakurel, P.; Bale, S.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Whittlesey, P.; Rahmati, A.; Pulupa, M.; McManus, M.; Verniero, J.; Bonnell, J.; Schwadron, N.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Szabo, P.; Koval, A.; Korreck, K.; de Wit, Dudok; Malaspina, D.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039863

Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind; Sun: flares; Parker Data Used

Detection of small magnetic flux ropes from the third and fourth Parker Solar Probe encounters

Context.
Aims: We systematically search for magnetic flux rope structures in the solar wind to within the closest distance to the Sun of ~0.13 AU, using data from the third and fourth orbits of the Parker Solar Probe.
Methods: We extended our previous magnetic helicity-based technique of identifying magnetic flux rope structures. The method was improved upon to incorporate the azimuthal flow, which becomes larger as the spacecraft approaches the Sun.
Results: A total of 21 and 34 magnetic flux ropes are ...

Zhao, L.; Zank, G.; Hu, Q.; Telloni, D.; Chen, Y.; Adhikari, L.; Nakanotani, M.; Kasper, J.; Huang, J.; Bale, S.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Whittlesey, P.; Klein, K.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039298

Solar wind; Sun: magnetic fields; turbulence; methods: observational; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Wave-particle energy transfer directly observed in an ion cyclotron wave

Context. The first studies with Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data have made significant progress toward understanding of the fundamental properties of ion cyclotron waves in the inner heliosphere. The survey mode particle measurements of PSP, however, did not make it possible to measure the coupling between electromagnetic fields and particles on the time scale of the wave periods.
Aims: We present a novel approach to study wave-particle energy exchange with PSP.
Methods: We used the Flux Angle operation mode of th ...

Vech, D.; Martinović, M.; Klein, K.; Malaspina, D.; Bowen, T.; Verniero, J.; Paulson, K.; de Wit, Dudok; Kasper, J.; Huang, J.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Mozer, F.; Goodrich, K.; Bale, S.; Whittlesey, P.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; Bonnell, J.; Harvey, P.; Goetz, K.; MacDowall, R.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039296

Solar wind; waves; turbulence; Physics - Space Physics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Parker Data Used

The active region source of a type III radio storm observed by Parker Solar Probe during encounter 2

Context. We investigated the source of a type III radio burst storm during encounter 2 of NASA s Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission.
Aims: It was observed that in encounter 2 of NASA s PSP mission there was a large amount of radio activity and, in particular, a noise storm of frequent, small type III bursts from 31 March to 6 April 2019. Our aim is to investigate the source of these small and frequent bursts.
Methods: In order to do this, we analysed data from the Hinode EUV Imaging Spectrometer, PSP FIELDS, and ...

Harra, L.; Brooks, D.; Bale, S.; Mandrini, C.; Barczynski, K.; Sharma, R.; Badman, S.; Domínguez, Vargas; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039514

Sun: corona; Solar wind; Sun: radio radiation; Sun: abundances; Sun: atmosphere; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Direct evidence for magnetic reconnection at the boundaries of magnetic switchbacks with Parker Solar Probe

Context. The first encounters of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) with the Sun revealed the presence of ubiquitous localised magnetic deflections in the inner heliosphere; these structures, often called switchbacks, are particularly striking in solar wind streams originating from coronal holes.
Aims: We report the direct piece of evidence for magnetic reconnection occurring at the boundaries of three switchbacks crossed by PSP at a distance of 45 to 48 solar radii to the Sun during its first encounter.
Methods: We anal ...

Froment, C.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; de Wit, Dudok; Agapitov, O.; Fargette, N.; Lavraud, B.; Larosa, A.; Kretzschmar, M.; Jagarlamudi, V.; Velli, M.; Malaspina, D.; Whittlesey, P.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; MacDowall, R.; Mozer, F.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039806

Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind; magnetic fields; magnetic reconnection; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Switchbacks: statistical properties and deviations from Alfvénicity

Context. Parker Solar Probe s first solar encounter has revealed the presence of sudden magnetic field deflections in the slow Alfvénic solar wind. These structures, which are often called switchbacks, are associated with proton velocity enhancements.
Aims: We study their statistical properties with a special focus on their boundaries.
Methods: Using data from SWEAP and FIELDS, we investigate particle and wavefield properties. The magnetic boundaries are analyzed with the minimum variance technique.
Res ...

Larosa, A.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; de Wit, Dudok; Agapitov, O.; Froment, C.; Jagarlamudi, V.; Velli, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039442

Solar wind; magnetic fields; waves; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Turbulent Proton Heating Rate in the Solar Wind from 545 R

Various remote sensing observations have been used so far to probe the turbulent properties of the solar wind. Using the recently reported density modulation indices that are derived using angular broadening observations of Crab Nebula during 19522013, we measured the solar wind proton heating using the kinetic Alfvn wave dispersion equation. The estimated heating rates vary from 1.58 1014 to 1.01 108 erg cm3 s1 in the heliocentric distance range of 545 R. Further, we found that he ...

Raja, Sasikumar; Subramanian, Prasad; Ingale, Madhusudan; Ramesh, R.; Maksimovic, Milan;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfcd1

Solar wind; Radio occultation; 1534; 1351; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Could Switchbacks Originate in the Lower Solar Atmosphere? II. Propagation of Switchbacks in the Solar Corona

The magnetic switchbacks observed recently by the Parker Solar Probe have raised the question about their nature and origin. One of the competing theories of their origin is the interchange reconnection in the solar corona. In this scenario, switchbacks are generated at the reconnection site between open and closed magnetic fields, and are either advected by an upflow or propagate as waves into the solar wind. In this paper we test the wave hypothesis, numerically modeling the propagation of a switchback, modeled as an embed ...

Magyar, Norbert; Utz, Dominik; Erdélyi, Robertus; Nakariakov, Valery;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfa98

Solar wind; Magnetohydrodynamics; Alfven waves; Solar Coronal Waves; Nonlinear regression; 1534; 1964; 23; 1995; 1948; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Using Parker Solar Probe observations during the first four perihelia to constrain global magnetohydrodynamic models

Context. Parker Solar Probe (PSP) is providing an unprecedented view of the Sun s corona as it progressively dips closer into the solar atmosphere with each solar encounter. Each set of observations provides a unique opportunity to test and constrain global models of the solar corona and inner heliosphere and, in turn, use the model results to provide a global context for interpreting such observations.
Aims: In this study, we develop a set of global magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model solutions of varying degrees of soph ...

Riley, Pete; Lionello, Roberto; Caplan, Ronald; Downs, Cooper; Linker, Jon; Badman, Samuel; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039815

Sun: corona; Sun: heliosphere; Sun: magnetic fields; Solar wind; Sun: evolution; Interplanetary medium; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Discontinuity analysis of the leading switchback transition regions

Context. Magnetic switchbacks are magnetic structures characterized as intervals of sudden reversal in the radial component of the pristine solar wind s magnetic field. Switchbacks comprise of magnetic spikes that are preceded and succeeded by switchback transition regions within which the radial magnetic field reverses. Determining switchback generation and evolution mechanisms will further our understanding of the global circulation and transportation of the Sun s open magnetic flux.
Aims: The present study juxtapos ...

Akhavan-Tafti, M.; Kasper, J.; Huang, J.; Bale, S.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039508

magnetic reconnection; magnetic fields; Solar wind; methods: data analysis; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); instabilities; Parker Data Used

Large Amplitude Switchback Turbulence: Possible Magnetic Velocity Alignment Structures

Switchbacks are widely acknowledged phenomena observed by the Parker Solar Probe and appear to occur in patches. Previous studies focused on the fluctuations at the magnetic reversals. However, the nature of the fluctuations inside the switchbacks remains unknown. Here we utilize the magnetic field data and plasma data measured by the Parker Solar Probe in the first four encounters. We investigate the fluctuations in the switchback intervals of 100 s with $B_R 0$ at every instant and compare them to the fluctuations in the n ...

Wu, Honghong; Tu, Chuanyi; Wang, Xin; Yang, Liping;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec6c

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

A Focused Transport-based Kinetic Fractional Diffusion-advection Equation for Energetic Particle Trapping and Reconnection-related Acceleration by Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes in the Solar Wind

Analysis of energetic particle inner heliospheric spacecraft data increasingly suggests the existence of anomalous diffusion phenomena that should be addressed to achieve a better understanding of energetic particle transport and acceleration in the expanding solar wind medium. Related to this is fast-growing observational evidence supporting the long-standing prediction from magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) theory and simulations of the presence of an inner heliospheric, dominant quasi-two-dimensional MHD turbulence component that ...

le Roux, J.; Zank, G.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abf3c6

Interplanetary particle acceleration; Solar wind; Solar magnetic reconnection; 826; 1534; 1504; Parker Data Used

Time evolution of stream interaction region energetic particle spectra in the inner heliosphere

We analyze an energetic proton event associated with a stream interaction region (SIR) that was observed at Parker Solar Probe on day 320 of 2018 when the spacecraft was just 0.34 AU from the Sun. Using the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite, we perform a spectral analysis of the event and show how the observed spectra evolve over the course of the event. We find that the spectra from the first day of the event are much more consistent with local acceleration at a weak compression, while spectra fro ...

Joyce, C.; McComas, D.; Schwadron, N.; Christian, E.; Wiedenbeck, M.; McNutt, R.; Cohen, C.; Leske, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Stone, E.; Labrador, A.; Davis, A.; Cummings, A.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; Roelof, E.; Allen, R.; Szalay, J.; Rankin, J.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Matthaeus, W.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039330

acceleration of particles; Solar wind; magnetic fields; Parker Data Used

Energetic particle behavior in near-Sun magnetic field switchbacks from PSP

Context. The observation of numerous magnetic switchbacks and associated plasma jets in Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first five orbits, particularly near the Sun, has attracted considerable attention. Switchbacks have been found to be systematically associated with correlated reversals in the direction of the propagation of Alfvénic fluctuations, as well as similar reversals of the electron strahl.
Aims: Here we aim to see whether the energetic particles change direction at the magnetic field switchbacks.

Bandyopadhyay, R.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; Joyce, C.; Szalay, J.; Christian, E.; Giacalone, J.; Schwadron, N.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; McNutt, R.; Desai, M.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039800

Solar wind; magnetic fields; plasmas; turbulence; instabilities; waves; Parker Data Used

The Dynamic Formation of Pseudostreamers

Streamers and pseudostreamers structure the corona at the largest scales, as seen in both eclipse and coronagraph white-light images. Their inverted-goblet appearance encloses broad coronal loops at the Sun and tapers to a narrow radial stalk away from the star. The streamer associated with the global solar dipole magnetic field is long-lived, predominantly contains a single arcade of nested loops within it, and separates opposite-polarity interplanetary magnetic fields with the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) anchored at i ...

Scott, Roger; Pontin, David; Antiochos, Spiro; DeVore, Richard; Wyper, Peter;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec4f

Solar Physics; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar wind; 1476; 1504; 1534; Parker Data Used

First Observations of Anomalous Cosmic Rays in to 36 Solar Radii

NASA s Parker Solar Probe mission continues to travel closer to the Sun than any prior human-made object, with an expected closest approach of <10 solar radii (<0.046 au) by 2024. On board, the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite makes unprecedented in situ measurements of energetic particles in the near-Sun environment. The current low level of solar activity offers a prime opportunity to measure cosmic rays closer to the Sun than ever before. We present the first observations of anomalous cosmic ra ...

Rankin, J.; McComas, D.; Leske, R.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Cummings, A.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Mewaldt, R.; Posner, A.; Schwadron, N.; Strauss, R.; Stone, E.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec7e

cosmic rays; Solar wind; Heliosphere; Solar energetic particles; Solar Physics; solar cycle; Quiet Sun; Particle astrophysics; interplanetary magnetic fields; Plasma astrophysics; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Pickup ions; 329; 1534; 711; 1491; 1476; 1487; 1322; 96; 824; 1261; 826; 1239; Parker Data Used

PATCH: Particle Arrival Time Correlation for Heliophysics

The ability to understand the fundamental nature of the physics that governs the heliosphere requires spacecraft instrumentation to measure energy transfer at kinetic scales. This translates to a time cadence resolving the proton kinetic timescales, typically of the order of the proton gyrofrequency. The downlinked survey mode data from modern spacecraft are often much lower resolution than this criterion, meaning that the higher resolution, burst mode data must be captured to study an event at kinetic time scales. Telemetry ...

Verniero, J.; Howes, G.; Stewart, D.; Klein, K.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028940

plasma turbulence; Solar wind; spacecraft Instrumentation; wave particle interaction; Parker Data Used

Determining Threshold Instrumental Resolutions for Resolving the Velocity Space Signature of Ion Landau Damping

Unraveling the physics of the entire turbulent cascade of energy in space and astrophysical plasmas from the injection of energy at large scales to the dissipation of that energy into plasma heat at small scales, represents an overarching, open question in heliophysics and astrophysics. The fast cadence and high phase space resolution of particle velocity distribution measurements on modern spacecraft missions, such as the recently launched Parker Solar Probe, presents exciting new opportunities for identifying turbulent dis ...

Verniero, J.; Howes, G.; Stewart, D.; Klein, K.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028361

Solar wind; space plasma; turbulence; wave particle interaction; Parker Data Used

Evolution of Solar Wind Turbulence from 0.1 to 1 au during the First Parker Solar Probe-Solar Orbiter Radial Alignment

The first radial alignment between Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter spacecraft is used to investigate the evolution of solar wind turbulence in the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, two 1.5 hr intervals are tentatively identified as providing measurements of the same plasma parcels traveling from 0.1 to 1 au. Using magnetic field measurements from both spacecraft, the properties of turbulence in the two intervals are assessed. Magnetic spectral density, flatness, and high-order moment scaling laws are ca ...

Telloni, Daniele; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Woodham, Lloyd; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Carbone, Francesco; Zank, Gary; Bruno, Roberto; Perrone, Denise; Nakanotani, Masaru; Shi, Chen; Amicis, Raffaella; De Marco, Rossana; Jagarlamudi, Vamsee; Steinvall, Konrad; Marino, Raffaele; Adhikari, Laxman; Zhao, Lingling; Liang, Haoming; Tenerani, Anna; Laker, Ronan; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; MacDowall, Robert; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Owen, Christopher; Livi, Stefano; Louarn, Philippe; Antonucci, Ester; Romoli, Marco; Brien, Helen; Evans, Vincent; Angelini, Virginia;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf7d1

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Alfven waves; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1964; 23; 1544; 830; 1534

Plasma dynamics in low-electron-beta environments

Recent in situ measurements by the MMS and Parker Solar Probe missions bring interest to small-scale plasma dynamics (waves, turbulence, magnetic reconnection) in regions where the electron thermal energy is smaller than the magnetic one. Examples of such regions are the Earth s mangetosheath and the vicinity of the solar corona, and they are also encountered in other astrophysical systems. In this brief review, we consider simple physical models describing plasma dynamics in such low-electron-beta regimes, discuss their con ...

Boldyrev, Stanislav; Loureiro, Nuno; Roytershteyn, Vadim;

Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2021.621040

magnetic fields; Heliosphere; Solar wind; Solar corona; Earth magnetosheath; plasma turbulence; Earth magnetosphere; Collisionless plasma

Correlation of the Sunspot Number and the Waiting-time Distribution of Solar Flares, Coronal Mass Ejections, and Solar Wind Switchback Events Observed with the Parker Solar Probe

Waiting-time distributions of solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) exhibit power-law-like distribution functions with slopes in the range of ατ ≍ 1.4-3.2, as observed in annual data sets during four solar cycles (1974-2012). We find a close correlation between the waiting-time power-law slope ατ and the sunspot number (SN), i.e., ατ = 1.38 + 0.01 × SN. The waiting-time distribution can be fitted with a Pareto-type function of the form N(τ) = N0 $(\tau _0+\tau )^ ...

Aschwanden, Markus; de Wit, Thierry;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abef69

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; solar flares; 1534; 1496; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Multiscale Solar Wind Turbulence Properties inside and near Switchbacks Measured by the Parker Solar Probe

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) routinely observes magnetic field deflections in the solar wind at distances less than 0.3 au from the Sun. These deflections are related to structures commonly called "switchbacks" (SBs), whose origins and characteristic properties are currently debated. Here, we use a database of visually selected SB intervals—and regions of solar wind plasma measured just before and after each SB—to examine plasma parameters, turbulent spectra from inertial to dissipation scales, and intermittency ...

Martinovic, Mihailo; Klein, Kristopher; Huang, Jia; Chandran, Benjamin; Kasper, Justin; Lichko, Emily; Bowen, Trevor; Chen, Christopher; Matteini, Lorenzo; Stevens, Michael; Case, Anthony; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abebe5

Parker Data Used; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1544; 830; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Nonlinear Ion-acoustic Waves, Ion Holes, and Electron Holes in the Near-Sun Solar Wind

Nonlinear ion-acoustic waves, ion holes, and electron holes have been observed on the Parker Solar Probe at a heliocentric distance of 35 solar radii. These time domain structures contain millisecond duration electric field spikes of several mV m-1. They are observed inside or at boundaries of switchbacks in the background magnetic field. Their presence in switchbacks indicates that both electron- and ion-streaming electrostatic instabilities occur there to thermalize electron and ion beams.

Mozer, F.; Bonnell, J.; Hanson, E.; Gasque, L.; Vasko, I;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abed52

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; 1534

Subproton-scale Intermittency in Near-Sun Solar Wind Turbulence Observed by the Parker Solar Probe

High time-resolution solar wind magnetic field data are employed to study statistics describing intermittency near the first perihelion (∼35.6 R) of the Parker Solar Probe mission. A merged data set employing two instruments on the FIELDS suite enables broadband estimation of higher-order moments of magnetic field increments, with five orders established with reliable accuracy. The duration, cadence, and low noise level of the data permit evaluation of scale dependence of the observed intermittency from the i ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Matthaeus, William; Bowen, Trevor; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf04e

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; 1534; 830; 1964; 1544; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Geophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Parker Solar Probe Evidence for Scattering of Electrons in the Young Solar Wind by Narrowband Whistler-mode Waves

Observations of plasma waves by the Fields Suite and of electrons by the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons Investigation on the Parker Solar Probe provide strong evidence for pitch angle scattering of strahl-energy electrons by narrowband whistler-mode waves at radial distances less than ∼0.3 au. We present two example intervals of a few hours each that include eight waveform captures with whistler-mode waves and 26 representative electron distributions that are examined in detail. Two were narrow, seventeen were cle ...

Cattell, C.; Breneman, A.; Dombeck, J.; Short, B.; Wygant, J.; Halekas, J.; Case, Tony; Kasper, J.; Larson, D.; Stevens, Mike; Whittesley, P.; Bale, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goodrich, K.; MacDowall, R.; Moncuquet, M.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abefdd

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics; Interplanetary physics; Interplanetary particle acceleration; 1534; 1544; 1261; 827; 826; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Evolving solar wind flow properties of magnetic inversions observed by Helios

Macneil, Allan; Owens, Mathew; Wicks, Robert; Lockwood, Mike;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa3983

Sun: heliosphere; Sun: magnetic fields; Solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Switchbacks Explained: Super-Parker Fields—The Other Side of the Sub-Parker Spiral

We provide a simple geometric explanation for the source of switchbacks and associated large and one-sided transverse flows in the solar wind observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). The more radial, sub-Parker spiral structure of the heliospheric magnetic field observed previously by Ulysses, ACE, and STEREO is created within rarefaction regions where footpoint motion from the source of fast into slow wind at the Sun creates a magnetic fieldline connection across solar wind speed shear. Conversely, when footpoints move fro ...

Schwadron, N.; McComas, D.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd4e6

Parker Data Used; Active Solar Corona; Solar wind; Solar Coronal Waves; Solar coronal loops; Solar coronal holes; Solar coronal plumes; Solar magnetic fields; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar spicules; 1988; 1534; 1995; 1485; 1484; 2039; 1503; 824; 1525; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; 85

The Encounter of the Parker Solar Probe and a Comet-like Object Near the Sun: Model Predictions and Measurements

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) aims to explore the nascent solar wind close to the Sun. Meanwhile, PSP is also expected to encounter small objects like comets and asteroids. In this work, we survey the ephemerides to find the chance of a recent encounter and then model the interaction between released dusty plasmas and solar wind plasmas. On 2019 September 2, a comet-like object, the 322P/Solar and Heliosphere Observatory, just passed its perihelion flying to a heliocentric distance of 0.12 au and swept by PSP at a relative di ...

He, Jiansen; Cui, Bo; Yang, Liping; Hou, Chuanpeng; Zhang, Lei; Ip, Wing-Huen; Jia, Ying-Dong; Dong, Chuanfei; Duan, Die; Zong, Qiugang; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Bonnell, John; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abdf4a

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Comet tails; Interplanetary dust; Asteroids; 1534; 274; 821; 72; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Source-dependent Properties of Two Slow Solar Wind States

Two states of the slow solar wind are identified from in situ measurements by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) inside 50 solar radii from the Sun. At such distances the wind measured by PSP has not yet undergone significant transformation related to the expansion and propagation of the wind. We focus in this study on the properties of the quiet solar wind with no magnetic switchbacks. The two states differ by their plasma beta, flux, and magnetic pressure. PSP s magnetic connectivity established with potential field source surfa ...

Griton, Lea; Rouillard, Alexis; Poirier, Nicolas; Issautier, Karine; Moncuquet, Michel; Pinto, Rui;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abe309

Parker Data Used; Slow solar wind; Solar wind; Solar coronal holes; Solar coronal streamers; 1873; 1534; 1484; 1486; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Inferred Linear Stability of Parker Solar Probe Observations Using One- and Two-component Proton Distributions

The hot and diffuse nature of the Sun s extended atmosphere allows it to persist in non-equilibrium states for long enough that wave-particle instabilities can arise and modify the evolution of the expanding solar wind. Determining which instabilities arise, and how significant a role they play in governing the dynamics of the solar wind, has been a decades-long process involving in situ observations at a variety of radial distances. With new measurements from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we can study what wave modes are dr ...

Klein, K.; Verniero, J.; Alterman, B.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Lichko, E.; Livi, R.; McManus, M.; Martinovic, M.; Rahmati, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7a0

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma physics; 1534; 1544; 2089; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

The Ion Transition Range of Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe Observations

The scaling of the turbulent spectra provides a key measurement that allows us to discriminate between different theoretical predictions of turbulence. In the solar wind, this has driven a large number of studies dedicated to this issue using in situ data from various orbiting spacecraft. While a semblance of consensus exists regarding the scaling in the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and dispersive ranges, the precise scaling in the transition range and the actual physical mechanisms that control it remain open questions. Using ...

Huang, S; Sahraoui, F.; Andrés, N.; Hadid, L.; Yuan, Z.; He, J.; Zhao, J.; Galtier, S.; Zhang, J.; Deng, X.; Jiang, K.; Yu, L.; Xu, S.; Xiong, Q; Wei, Y; de Wit, Dudok; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abdaaf

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Solar coronal heating; 1534; 830; 1989; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Determination of Solar Wind Angular Momentum and Alfv\ en Radius from Parker Solar Probe Observations

Liu, Ying; Chen, Chong; Stevens, Michael; Liu, Mingzhe;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abe38e

Fundamental parameters of stars; Solar rotation; Solar wind; 555; 1524; 1534

A Self-consistent Simulation of Proton Acceleration and Transport Near a High-speed Solar Wind Stream

Wijsen, Nicolas; Samara, Evangelia; Aran, Angels; Lario, David; Pomoell, Jens; Poedts, Stefaan;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abe1cb

Solar wind; Corotating streams; Interplanetary particle acceleration; 1534; 314; 826; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Alfv\ enic Waves and Ion-cyclotron Waves in a Small-scale Flux Rope

Shi, Chen; Zhao, Jinsong; Huang, Jia; Wang, Tieyan; Wu, Dejin; Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang; Kasper, Justin; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abdd28

Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma physics; 1534; 1544; 2089

Characteristics of Magnetic Holes in the Solar Wind Revealed by Parker Solar Probe

Yu, L.; Huang, S.~Y.; Yuan, Z.~G.; Jiang, K.; Xiong, Q.~Y.; Xu, S.~B.; Wei, Y.~Y.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, Z.~H.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb9a8

Solar wind; Solar Physics; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 1476; 824; 1503; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Whistlers in the Solar Vicinity That Are Spiky in Time and Frequency

Mozer, F.~S.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Halekas, J.~S.; Rahmati, A.; Schum, G.; Vasko, I.~V.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abce59

Solar wind; Solar Physics; Solar electromagnetic emission; 1534; 1476; 1490

Harmonic Radio Emission in Randomly Inhomogeneous Plasma

In the present paper, we describe a theoretical model of the generation of harmonic emissions of type III solar radio bursts. The goal of our study is to fully take into account the most efficient physical processes involved in the generation of harmonic electromagnetic emission via nonlinear coupling of Langmuir waves in randomly inhomogeneous plasma of solar wind ( $l+l^\prime \to t$ ). We revisit the conventional mechanism of coalescence of primarily generated and back-scattered Langmuir waves in quasihomogeneous plasma. ...

Tkachenko, Anna; Krasnoselskikh, Vladimir; Voshchepynets, Andrii;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd2bd

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Solar Coronal Waves; 1534; 830; 1995; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Radial Evolution of a CIR: Observations From a Nearly Radially Aligned Event Between Parker Solar Probe and STEREO A

The addition of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to the Heliophysics System Observatory has allowed for the unprecedented ability to study Corotating Interaction Regions (CIRs) at multiple radial distances without significant temporal/longitudinal variations. On September 19, 2019, PSP observed a CIR at ∼0.5 au when it was nearly radially aligned with the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Ahead (STEREO A) spacecraft at ∼1 au, allowing for an unambiguous assessment of the radial evolution of a single CIR. Bulk plasma and ma ...

Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Mason, G.; Li, G.; Jian, L.; Vines, S.; Schwadron, N.; Joyce, C.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Desai, M.; Filwett, R.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Hill, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Lario, D.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Paulson, K.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL091376

Parker Data Used; CIRs; parker solar probe; Solar wind; STEREO; suprathermal ions

Random Walk and Trapping of Interplanetary Magnetic Field Lines: Global Simulation, Magnetic Connectivity, and Implications for Solar Energetic Particles

The random walk of magnetic field lines is an important ingredient in understanding how the connectivity of the magnetic field affects the spatial transport and diffusion of charged particles. As solar energetic particles propagate away from near-solar sources, they interact with the fluctuating magnetic field, which modifies their distributions. We develop a formalism in which the differential equation describing the field line random walk contains both effects due to localized magnetic displacements and a non-stochastic co ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Ruffolo, David; Matthaeus, William; Usmanov, Arcadi; Tooprakai, Paisan; Chuychai, Piyanate; Goldstein, Melvyn;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7f0

Parker Data Used; Solar energetic particles; interplanetary turbulence; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar wind; 1491; 830; 824; 1534; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Plumelets: Dynamic Filamentary Structures in Solar Coronal Plumes

Uritsky, V.~M.; DeForest, C.~E.; Karpen, J.~T.; DeVore, C.~R.; Kumar, P.; Raouafi, N.~E.; Wyper, P.~F.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 01/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd186

Solar coronal holes; Solar activity; Solar coronal transients; Solar Coronal Waves; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar wind; Plasma jets; Solar coronal plumes; Solar extreme ultraviolet emission; Direct imaging; Astronomy data analysis; Solar oscillations; 1484; 1475; 312; 1995; 1504; 1534; 1263; 2039; 1493; 387; 1858; 1515; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

2020

Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulent Evolution of a Magnetic Cloud in the Outer Heliosphere

Telloni, Daniele; Zhao, Lingling; Zank, Gary; Liang, Haoming; Nakanotani, Masaru; Adhikari, Laxman; Carbone, Francesco; Amicis, Raffaella; Perrone, Denise; Bruno, Roberto; Dasso, Sergio;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 12/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abcb03

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; interplanetary turbulence; Solar coronal mass ejections; interplanetary magnetic fields; Heliosphere; Solar wind; Solar magnetic reconnection; 1964; 830; 310; 824; 711; 1534; 1504

Prediction of the In Situ Coronal Mass Ejection Rate for Solar Cycle 25: Implications for Parker Solar Probe In Situ Observations

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Solar Orbiter missions are designed to make groundbreaking observations of the Sun and interplanetary space within this decade. We show that a particularly interesting in situ observation of an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) by PSP may arise during close solar flybys (<0.1 au). During these times, the same magnetic flux rope inside an ICME could be observed in situ by PSP twice, by impacting its frontal part as well as its leg. Investigating the odds of this situation, we forecas ...

Möstl, Christian; Weiss, Andreas; Bailey, Rachel; Reiss, Martin; Amerstorfer, Tanja; Hinterreiter, Jürgen; Bauer, Maike; McIntosh, Scott; Lugaz, No\; Stansby, David;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb9a1

Solar coronal mass ejection; Solar storm; Ejecta; space weather; Solar system; Solar wind; Solar Physics; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar magnetic fields

Particle-in-cell Simulation of Whistler Heat-flux Instabilities in the Solar Wind: Heat-flux Regulation and Electron Halo Formation

We present results of a two-dimensional fully kinetic particle-in-cell simulation in order to shed light on the role of whistler waves in the scattering of strahl electrons and in the heat-flux regulation in the solar wind. We model the electron velocity distribution function as initially composed of core and strahl populations as typically encountered in the near-Sun solar wind as observed by Parker Solar Probe. We demonstrate that, as a consequence of the evolution of the electron velocity distribution function (VDF), two ...

Micera, A.; Zhukov, A.; opez, R.; Innocenti, M.; Lazar, M.; Boella, E.; Lapenta, G.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abc0e8

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics

Large-amplitude, Wideband, Doppler-shifted, Ion Acoustic Waves Observed on the Parker Solar Probe

Electric field spectra measured on the\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\ typically contain upwards of 1000 large-amplitude (similar to 15 mV m(-1)), wideband (similar to 100-15,000 Hz), few-second-duration, electric field waveforms per day. The satellite also collected about 85 three-second bursts of electric field waveforms per day at a data rate of similar to 150,000 samples per second. Eight such bursts caught these waves, all of which were located in switchbacks of the magnetic field. A wave burst on 2019 Sep ...

Mozer, F.; Bonnell, J.; Bowen, T.; Schumm, G.; Vasko, I;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abafb4

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind



  1      2      3      4