PSP Bibliography





Notice:

  • Clicking on the title will open a new window with all details of the bibliographic entry.
  • Clicking on the DOI link will open a new window with the original bibliographic entry from the publisher.
  • Clicking on a single author will show all publications by the selected author.
  • Clicking on a single keyword, will show all publications by the selected keyword.



Found 67 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2019

So you Passed an Earned Value Management Government Validation - Now What?

In December 2016, The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) received formal acceptance from NASA that its Earned Value Management System (EVMS) complied with the Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA) Standard 748 EVMS guidelines and thus had a government validated system. JHU/APL had successfully used its EVMS for single, large missions (Van Allen Probe from January 2009 to July 2012 and Parker Solar Probe from April 2014 to August 2018), but now with an increased workload JHU/APL was faced with the ne ...

Liggett, William; Hunter, Howard; Jones, Matthew;

Published by: IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Budget control; Electronics industry; Financial data processing; Investments; NASA; Probes; Parker Engineering

Identifying and Mitigating Barriers to the Adoption of Dynamic Radioisotope Power Systems for Space Flight

Given increasing complexity of many safety-critical systems, many organizations like NASA need to identify when, where, and how inappropriate perceptions of risk and anchoring of trust affect technology development and acceptance, primarily from the perspective of engineers and related management. Using the adoption of Dynamic Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) for space exploration as a backdrop, we define and explain factors that contribute to inappropriate risk perception of various stakeholders. Three case studies (Mars Sc ...

Brummel, Scott; Ostdiek, Paul; Woerner, Dave; Hibbard, Kenneth; Stofan, Ellen; Zakrajsek, June; Cummings, Mary;

Published by: IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Budget control; Martian surface analysis; NASA; Nuclear batteries; Planning; Probes; Radioisotopes; Safety engineering; Solar energy; Space flight; Parker Engineering

Parker solar probe structural-thermal analysis challenges

The NASA Parker Solar Probe spacecraft, built by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Lab will fly through the outermost part of the Sun s atmosphere taking in situ measurements and imaging to improve our understanding of the corona and the solar wind. The Thermal Protection System (TPS), a 4.5-inch thick carbon-composite heat shield, limits heat transfer to the spacecraft during its flight through the Sun s atmosphere, and casts a shadow which protects the spacecraft and its instruments from the harsh thermal enviro ...

Conkey, Shelly; Congdon, Elisabeth; Schaefer, Ed; Abel, Elizabeth;

Published by: Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Ability testing; Carbon carbon composites; Correlation methods; Heat shielding; Heat transfer; NASA; Orbits; Probes; Software testing; Structural properties; Temperature; Test facilities; Thermoanalysis; Thermocouples; Uncertainty analysis; Parker Engineering

Case study of the parker solar probe thermal protection system: Development of a system level process for high temperature technology achievement

Successful development of high temperature systems is complex and difficult. Limitations in testing, manufacturing and materials means that design and testing of such systems is challenging. NASA s Parker Solar Probe (PSP) Spacecraft built by the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory was launched in August 2018 and is measuring the Sun s atmosphere in situ. A critical technology development which made this mission possible is the 4.5 inch-thick Thermal Protection System (TPS) that has to withstand 2500°F and protect t ...

Congdon, Elizabeth; Mehoke, Douglas; Conkey, Shelly; Schaefer, Ed; Abel, Elisabeth;

Published by: Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Heat shielding; High temperature effects; High temperature engineering; Manufacture; NASA; Probes; Thermal insulating materials; Parker Engineering

Charting a course to the sun: Flight path control for parker solar probe

The successful launch of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) on August 12, 2018 with a Delta IV rocket and Star-48BV third stage has placed the spacecraft on a 7-year trajectory to study the Sun. The goals of PSP are to better characterize our solar environment and advance our understanding of the Sun at 9.86 Rs. A total of 42 trajectory correction maneuvers are planned. This paper documents trajectory correction maneuver analysis performed just prior to launch until just past the first solar encounter. The pre-launch analysis culm ...

Valerino, Powtawche; Thompson, Paul; Jones, Drew; Goodson, Troy; R., Haw; E., Lau; N., Mottinger; M., Ryne;

Published by: Advances in the Astronautical Sciences      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Probes; Rockets; Space flight; Parker Engineering

Solar Radiation Disturbance Torque Reduction for the Parker Solar Probe Observatory

This paper examines the methodology used for reducing solar pressure disturbance torques for the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) Observatory by minimizing the offset between spacecraft s Center of Gravity (CG) and Center of Pressure (CP). The force due to solar radiation pressures encountered by the PSP spacecraft, particularly at the 9.86 solar-radii (Rs) closest approach point in the orbit, are of a sufficient magnitude to produce significant disturbance torques. Inside of 0.25 AU, the Observatory is required to keep its Thermal ...

Ruiz, Felipe; Kelly, Daniel; Napolillo, David;

Published by: IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Ballast (railroad track); Flight control systems; Observatories; Optical properties; Orbits; Probes; Propellants; Solar radiation; Spacecraft; Torque; Well testing; Parker Engineering

Design, fabrication, test, launch, and early operation of the parker solar probe propulsion system

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft, part of NASA’s Living With a Star program, launched on 12 August 2018, atop a Delta IV Heavy launch vehicle with a STAR-48BV upper stage. As NASA’s mission to "touch the Sun," Parker Solar Probe will fly within 3.83 million miles of the Sun and will spend its lifetime studying the gaseous envelope surrounding it: the corona. Over the seven-year mission, PSP will orbit the Sun 24 times and utilize seven Venus fly-bys to gradually shrink its orbit around the Sun. The spacecr ...

Kijewski, Seth; Bushman, Stewart;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Automobile manufacture; Fabrication; Launch vehicles; NASA; Nitrogen compounds; Orbits; Probes; Rockets; Space flight; Stars; Parker Engineering

Verification and validation testing for the parker solar probe guidance and control system

Parker Solar Probe was launched on a 7-year mission to explore the Sun in August 2018. A successful first orbit was preceded and enabled by a rigorous test campaign prior to launch. This paper discusses two of the main portions of that test program used to characterize and verify the performance of the spacecraft’s guidance and control system. An extensive set of stand-alone simulations was designed to demonstrate compliance with performance requirements and explore system behavior in response to a large set of fault c ...

Vaughan, Robin; OShaughnessy, Daniel; Wirzburger, John;

Published by: Advances in the Astronautical Sciences      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Flight control systems; Flight simulators; Orbits; Probes; Testing; Parker Engineering

2018

An integrated quad-band RF front end for high-reliability small satellite missions

As ever-increasing demand for lower size, weight, and power (SWaP) and small satellite platforms continues, it drives development in all sectors, including high-reliability and deep-space technologies. In order to meet these demands, JHU/APL is working to evolve its flight-proven, low-SWaP Frontier Radio (FR) [1] system into even smaller, more efficient, and yet more powerful designs. The Frontier Radio has already successfully flown an S-band version on NASA s Van Allen Probes (VAP) mission, and an X/Ka-band version will la ...

Neill, Michael; Ramirez, Joshua;

Published by: IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings      Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

APL (programming language); Earth (planet); NASA; Orbits; Probes; Space flight; Space platforms; Parker Engineering

Thermal design verification testing of the solar array cooling system for Parker solar probe

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) will explore the inner region of the heliosphere through in situ and remote sensing observations of the magnetic field, plasma, and accelerated particles. PSP will travel closer to the sun (9.86 solar radii [(RS)]) than any previous spacecraft in order to obtain repeated coronal magnetic field and plasma measurements in the region of the sun that generates the solar wind. The baseline mission will entail 7 years from launch in 2018 until the completion of the 24th orbit; if delays necessit ...

Ercol, Carl; Abel, Elisabeth; Holtzman, Allan; Wallis, Eric;

Published by: 30th Space Simulation Conference: Mission Success Through Testing of Critical Challenges      Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

Cooling systems; magnetic fields; Magnetoplasma; Orbits; Probes; Remote sensing; Solar cell arrays; Space flight; Thermoelectric equipment; Parker Engineering

Orbit determination covariance analyses for the parker solar probe mission

This paper details pre-launch navigation covariance analyses for the Parker Solar Probe mission. Baseline models and error assumptions are outlined. The results demonstrate how navigation will satisfy requirements and are used to define operational plans. A few sensitivities are identified and the accompanying investigations are described. Predicted state uncertainty results show that most requirements are met with substantial margin. Moreover, navigation sensitivities may be accommodated operationally and this has been inco ...

Jones, Drew; Thompson, Paul; Valerino, Powtawche; Lau, Eunice; Goodson, Troy; Chung, Min-Kun; Mottinger, Neil;

Published by: Advances in the Astronautical Sciences      Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

Astrophysics; Probes; Parker Engineering

Flight path control analysis for parker solar probe

An unprecedented NASA mission to study the Sun, known as Parker Solar Probe (PSP), is under development. The primary objective of the PSP mission is to gather new data within 10 solar radii of the Sun’s center. The purpose of this paper is to review the statistical analysis of trajectory correction maneuvers (TCMs) for PSP’s baseline trajectory. The baseline mission includes a total of 42 TCMs that will be accomplished with a monopropellant propulsion system that consists of twelve 4.4 N thrusters. Assuming curre ...

Valerino, Powtawche; Thompson, Paul; Jones, Drew; Goodson, Troy; Chung, Min-Kun; Mottinger, Neil;

Published by: Advances in the Astronautical Sciences      Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

Astrophysics; NASA; Probes; Propulsion; Statistical methods; Parker Engineering

Risk reduction of integration and testing operations using augmented reality on Parker solar probe

Flying a spacecraft involves significant risks, but building and testing should not have to. At the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU APL), the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) program has leveraged Augmented Reality (AR) to reduce risks involved with mechanical integration and testing (I&T) operations of the spacecraft. Three major contexts benefitted using AR tools: 1) design and rehearsal of integration sequences and procedures, 2) planning and preparing for flight system level testing, and 3) communication ...

Hahne, Devin; Ruiz, Felipe; DeMatt, Nicholas; Fagan, Adam;

Published by: 30th Space Simulation Conference: Mission Success Through Testing of Critical Challenges      Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

Augmented reality; Integration; Probes; Parker Engineering

Stray light analysis and testing of the SoloHI (solar orbiter heliospheric imager) and WISPR (wide field imager for solar probe) heliospheric imagers

The techniques for stray light analysis, optimization and testing are described for two space telescopes that observe the solar corona: the Solar Orbiter Heliospheric Imager (SoloHI) that will fly on the ESA Solar Orbiter (SolO), and the Wide Field Imager for Solar Probe (WISPR) that will fly on the NASA Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission. Imaging the solar corona is challenging, because the corona is six orders of magnitude dimmer than the Sun surface at the limb, and the coronal brightness continues to decrease to ten orders ...

Thernisien, Arnaud; Howard, Russell; Korendyke, Clarence; Carter, Tim; Chua, Damien; Plunkett, Simon;

Published by: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering      Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

Diffraction; Heat shielding; Image analysis; Millimeter waves; NASA; Optical coatings; Orbits; Probes; Ray tracing; Solar cell arrays; Solar radiation; Space flight; Space telescopes; Spacecraft; Parker Engineering

2017

Stray light testing of WISPR baffle development model

Solar Probe Plus (SPP) is a NASA mission developed to visit and study the sun closer than ever before. SPP is designed to orbit as close as 7 million km (9.86 solar radii) from Sun center. One of its instruments: WISPR (Wide-Field Imager for Solar Probe Plus) will be the first local imager to provide the relation between the large-scale corona and the in-situ measurements.
© 2017 SPIE.

Hellin, M.-L.; Mazy, E.; Marcotte, S.; Stockman, Y.; Korendyke, C.; Thernisien, A.;

Published by: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering      Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI:

NASA; Probes; Parker Engineering

Spacecraft power distribution unit test system re-use: Advantages, pitfalls and challenges

The Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission, part of NASA s Living With a Star program, is set to launch in July of 2018 on a trip to travel through the Sun s corona. The first component that will be integrated to the spacecraft is the Power Distribution Unit (PDU). The SPP PDU was based on the PDU design utilized for the Van Allen Probes (formerly Radiation Belt Storm Probes) mission, but with some very significant differences. Due to the fact that the SPP spacecraft is a much more complex vehicle, it requires nearly twice as many p ...

Bucior, Sarah; Segal, Lisa;

Published by: IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings      Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI:

Commercial off-the-shelf; NASA; Probes; Radiation belts; Spacecraft; Telemetering equipment; Testing; Parker Engineering

Initial attitude control challenges for the solar probe plus spacecraft

The Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission plans to launch a spacecraft to explore the Sun in 2018. Attitude control is maintained with a 3-axis stabilized, closed-loop control system. One of the first tasks for this system is acquiring attitude knowledge and establishing attitude control after separation from the launch vehicle. Once control is established, the spacecraft must be moved through a sequence of attitudes to meet power and thermal constraints and reach a powerpositive state. This paper describes the options selected for ...

Vaughan, Robin; Shaughnessy, Daniel; Wirzburger, John;

Published by: Advances in the Astronautical Sciences      Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI:

Attitude control; Flight control systems; Probes; Space flight; Parker Engineering

Sun direction determination for the solar probe plus spacecraft

The Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission plans to launch a spacecraft to explore the Sun in 2018. This paper presents the process applied in the attitude control flight software for the spacecraft to determine the best Sun direction from Sun sensor data or a vector derived from on-board ephemeris models and the estimated attitude. Self-consistency checks applied to determine validity of these different knowledge sources are explained, with emphasis on processing of solar limb sensor data. Consistency checks between the available d ...

Vaughan, Robin; Wirzburger, John; McGee, Timothy; Shapiro, Hongxing; Shaughnessy, Daniel;

Published by: Advances in the Astronautical Sciences      Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI:

Attitude control; Probes; Parker Engineering

Full wing qualification testing and incremental program update for the solar probe plus array

As the Solar Probe Plus (SPP) program moves into the flight hardware build phase, the final testing of the qualification panel has been completed. The rigorous testing is many orders of magnitude more intensive than that used for standard earth-orbit missions. Testing under high irradiance, high temperature conditions over large areas poses design and logistic challenges, which have spurred innovation in steady state illumination. New test hardware of interest include a large area LED simulator capable of 6X AM0 string curre ...

Gerger, Andrew; Stall, Richard; Schurman, Matthew; Sharps, Paul; Sulyma, Christopher; De Zetter, Karen; Johnson, Paul; Mitchell, Richard; Guevara, Roland; Crist, Kevin; Cisneros, Larry; Sarver, Charles;

Published by: 2017 IEEE 44th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2017      Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI:

Degassing; Heliostats (instruments); Light emitting diodes; Orbits; Probes; Silicones; Solar cell arrays; Wings; Parker Engineering

Full scale thermal simulator development for the solar probe plus thermal protection system

Solar Probe Plus (SPP) is a NASA mission that will go within ten Solar Radii of the sun. One of the crucial technologies in this system is the Thermal Protection System (TPS), which shields the spacecraft from the sun. The TPS is made up of carbon-foam sandwiched between two carbon-carbon panels, and is approximately eight feet in diameter and 4.5 inches thick. At its closest approach, the front surface of the TPS is expected to reach 1200°C, but the foam will dissipate the heat so the back surface will only be about 300 ...

Heisler, Elizabeth; Abel, Elisabeth; Congdon, Elizabeth; Eby, Daniel;

Published by: IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings      Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI:

Aluminum coated steel; Carbon; Foams; Heat shielding; NASA; Probes; Simulators; Space flight; Stainless steel; Thermal insulating materials; Thermoanalysis; Vacuum technology; Parker Engineering

Flight software verification methods in frontier radio for solar probe plus mission

Success of deep space missions requires comprehensive performance verification for all hardware and software systems on the spacecraft over a broad scope of conditions and configurations, including the telecommunications subsystem. NASA Solar Probe Plus mission uses a software-defined radio for its telecommunications; thus a dedicated suite of tests are required for verification of the radio software in addition to traditional hardware verification procedures. Frontier Radio, developed by Johns Hopkins University Applied Phy ...

Kufahl, Katelyn; Wortman, Kristin; Burke, Linda; Hennawy, Joseph; Adams, Norman; Sheehi, Joseph;

Published by: IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings      Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI:

Computer software selection and evaluation; Digital radio; Digital signal processing; Instrument testing; Interplanetary flight; NASA; Probes; radio receivers; Software radio; Verification; Parker Engineering

Advancements in hardware design for the frontier radio used for the solar probe plus mission

The Frontier Radio for the Solar Probe Plus mission offers a host of hardware design and manufacturing improvements. These improvements build on the technology readiness level (TRL)-9 radio platform that was flown on the Van Allen Probes mission in a duplexed S-band configuration and several development tasks funded by NASA Headquarters. Prior RF slice designs consisted of two separate circuit boards: one for lower frequencies and one for high-frequencies; advances in technology enabled the use of a high-frequency multilayer ...

Angert, Matthew; Bubnash, Brian; Hearty, Ryan; Neill, Michael; Ling, Sharon; Matlin, Daniel; Cheng, Sheng;

Published by: IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings      Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI:

Digital signal processing; Field programmable gate arrays (FPGA); Integrated circuit design; Interplanetary flight; Magnesium alloys; Manufacture; NASA; Probes; Random access storage; Parker Engineering

Capabilities and performance of the high-energy energetic-particles instrument for the parker solar probe mission

NASA s Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft (formerly Solar Probe Plus) is scheduled for launch in July 2018 with a planned heliocentric orbit that will carry it on a series of close passes by the Sun with perihelion distances that eventually will get below 10 solar radii. Among other in-situ and imaging sensors, the PSP payload includes the two-instrument "Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun" suite, which will make coordinated measurements of energetic ions and electrons. The high-energy instrument (EPI-Hi), operatin ...

Wiedenbeck, M.E.; Angold, N.G.; Birdwell, B.; Burnham, J.A.; Christian, E.R.; Cohen, C.M.S.; Cook, W.R.; Crabill, R.M.; Cummings, A.C.; Davis, A.J.; Dirks, G.; Do, D.H.; Everett, D.T.; Goodwin, P.A.; Hanley, J.J.; Hernandez, L.; Kecman, B.; Klemic, J.; Labrador, A.W.; Leske, R.A.; Lopez, S.; Link, J.T.; McComas, D.J.; Mewaldt, R.A.; Miyasaka, H.; Nahory, B.W.; Rankin, J.S.; Riggans, G.; Rodriguez, B.; Rusert, M.D.; Shuman, S.A.; Simms, K.M.; Stone, E.C.; Von Rosenvinge, T.T.; Weidner, S.E.; White, M.L.;

Published by: Proceedings of Science      Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI:

cosmic rays; Cosmology; NASA; Orbits; Probes; Radioactivity; Parker Engineering

Development of a flight qualified ka-band multi-chip module for the solar probe plus mission

The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Lab (JHU/APL) has developed a flight qualified, hermetically sealed, I/Q modulator Ka-band Multi-chip Module (MCM). Prototypes of this device have been developed over the years, but Solar Probe Plus (SPP) will be the first mission to use a flight qualified version of the MCM. This MCM enables a first for a deep-space mission: primary science data downlink with simultaneous data and navigation over Ka-band. SPP will also be the first JHU/APL mission to use Ka-band for downlink. The ...

Matlin, Daniel; Sharma, Avinash; Angert, Matthew; Cheng, Sheng; Lehtonen, John;

Published by: IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings      Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI:

Commercial off-the-shelf; Electronic equipment testing; Gallium arsenide; III-V semiconductors; Interplanetary flight; Monolithic microwave integrated circuits; NASA; Probes; Parker Engineering

Navigating an earned value management validation led by NASA: A contractor s perspective and helpful hints

In 2012, The Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) was approved by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to move forward with Phase B of the Solar Probe Plus (SPP) Mission to design and build the first spacecraft to fly into the Sun s outer atmosphere and study its effects on planetary systems and human activities. While APL had successfully utilized its earned value management system (EVMS) on the Van Allen Probes mission, the SPP contract called for a "certified" EVMS, which required an in-depth ...

Liggett, William; Hunter, Howard; Jones, Matthew;

Published by: IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings      Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI:

Budget control; Compliance control; Contractors; Human resource management; Man machine systems; NASA; Network security; Personnel training; Probes; Project management; Space flight; Value engineering; Parker Engineering

2016

Reliable commanding and telemetry operations using CFDP

The Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission to be launched in 2018 is designed to use CFDP (CCSDS File Delivery Protocol) Class 2 Reliable Transfer in the majority of spacecraft commanding as well as for playback of recorded telemetry. A prioritized SSR telemetry playback interface using CFDP was developed on MESSENGER and Van Allen Probes and will be reused on SPP. Similar to MESSENGER, telemetry files of instrument data will be provided directly to the appropriate Science Operations Center (SOC) and not processed by the Mission Ope ...

Melin, Eric; Krupiarz, Christopher; Monaco, Christopher; Pinkine, Nickalaus; Harrington-Duff, Patricia;

Published by: 14th International Conference on Space Operations, 2016      Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI:

Probes; System-on-chip; Parker Engineering

Development of the solar probe plus spacecraft thermal protection system (TPS) thermal simulator-subscale testing

The NASA’s Solar Probe Plus spacecraft must endure extreme heat loads while passing near the Sun. Due to its high incident heatload and temperature, the spacecraft Thermal Protection System (TPS) must be simulated using a custom thermal simulator during spacecraft thermal vacuum testing. As part of the development of the TPS thermal simulator, subscale testing was performed. The design, testing, results and lessons learned are described in this paper. Especially useful are the design aspects needed to achieve the high ...

Congdon, Elizabeth; Abel, Elisabeth; Heisler, Elizabeth;

Published by: 32nd AIAA Aerodynamic Measurement Technology and Ground Testing Conference      Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI:

Aerodynamics; Heat shielding; NASA; Probes; Simulators; Spacecraft; Thermal insulating materials; Parker Engineering

Solar probe plus: Unique navigation modeling challenges

The Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission is preparing to launch in 2018, and will directly investigate the outer atmosphere of our star. At 9. 86 solar radii, SPP must operate in an unexplored regime. The environment and aspects of the mission design present some unique challenges for navigation, particularly in terms of modeling the dynamics. Non-gravitational force models, unique to this mission, are given with analytical expressions. For each of these models (and error sources), a maximum bound on the force perturbation magnitu ...

Jones, Drew; Goodson, Troy; Thompson, Paul; Valerino, Powtawche; Williams, Jessica;

Published by: AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference, 2016      Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI:

Astrophysics; Charged particles; Probes; Parker Engineering

Full wing qualification testing and incremental program update for the solar probe plus array

As the Solar Probe Plus (SPP) program moves into the flight hardware build phase, the final testing of the qualification panel has been completed. The rigorous testing is many orders of magnitude more intensive than that used for standard earth-orbit missions. Testing under high irradiance, high temperature conditions over large areas poses design and logistic challenges, which have spurred innovation in steady state illumination. New test hardware of interest include a large area LED simulator capable of 6X AM0 string curre ...

Gerger, Andrew; Stall, Richard; Schurman, Matthew; Sharps, Paul; Sulyma, Christopher; De Zetter, Karen; Johnson, Paul; Mitchell, Richard; Guevara, Roland; Crist, Kevin; Cisneros, Larry; Sarver, Charles;

Published by: Conference Record of the IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference      Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI:

Degassing; Heliostats (instruments); Light emitting diodes; Orbits; Probes; Silicones; Solar cell arrays; Wings; Parker Engineering

Solar probe plus (SPP) power system electronics

The Solar Probe Plus mission, under NASA’s Living With a Star Program, will fly a spacecraft (S/C) through the sun’s outer corona with orbit perihelia that gradually approach as close as 9.86 solar radii from the center of the sun. The mission will gather data on the processes of coronal heating, solar wind acceleration and production, and evolution and transport of solar energetic particles. The S/C is powered by two actively cooled photovoltaic solar array (S/A) wings. A novel power system electronics (PSE) box ...

Baisden, Carson; Frankford, David;

Published by: 14th International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, 2016      Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI:

Digital control systems; Electric power transmission; NASA; Orbits; Probes; Solar cell arrays; Space flight; Parker Engineering

Solar Probe Plus (SPP) Wrap Around Automated Testing

The Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission, under NASA s Living with a Star program, will fly a spacecraft (S/C) through the sun s outer corona. The mission will gather data on the processes of coronal heating, solar wind acceleration, and production, evolution and transport of solar energetic particles. The spacecraft has an Electrical Power System or EPS that has to undergo testing before delivery to the spacecraft for integration and testing. The specific unit to be delivered is called the Power System Electronic box or PSE. The ...

Parker, Tony;

Published by: AUTOTESTCON (Proceedings)      Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI:

Automation; Digital signal processors; Electric batteries; Electric power systems; Engines; Environmental testing; NASA; Probes; signal processing; Solar cell arrays; Space flight; Spacecraft; Spacecraft power supplies; Telemetering equipment; Testbeds; Wings; Parker Engineering

Data acquisition performance for deep space communications in solar probe plus frontier radio

Radio receivers for deep space telecommunications require tracking loops that are robust in low signal-to-noise ratio conditions for not only carrier tracking, but also subcarrier tracking and bit synchronization. However, the loop band-widths must not be too narrow so as to accommodate Doppler dynamics, oscillator drift, and requirements for expedient and reliable data acquisition. The present work describes the data acquisition performance of Frontier Radio for the NASA Solar Probe Plus mission. The data acquisition time i ...

Kufahl, Katelyn; Adams, Norman; Kirschner, William;

Published by: IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings      Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI:

Automation; Clocks; NASA; Probes; Remote control; Signal receivers; Signal to noise ratio; Testing; Wages; Parker Engineering

The Frontier software-defined radio for the solar probe plus mission

The latest adaptation of the Frontier Radio, an X/Ka-band deep space implementation, has been transitioned into a finished product for Solar Probe Plus (SPP) and future missions. Leveraging the technology readiness level (TRL) 9 software-defined radio (SDR) platform successfully flown on the Van Allen Probes (VAP) mission, the Frontier Radio now brings a low-power, low-mass, yet highly radiation-tolerant and robust SDR to deep space applications. This implementation brings with it a suite of enhanced capabilities and improve ...

Haskins, Christopher; Angert, Matthew; Sheehi, Joseph; Millard, Wesley; Adams, Norman; Hennawy, Joseph;

Published by: IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings      Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI:

Analog circuits; Application programs; Firmware; Interplanetary flight; Ionizing radiation; Manufacture; Power amplifiers; Probes; radio; radio receivers; signal processing; Space applications; Parker Engineering

Solar Probe Plus Spacecraft Flight Software requirements verification test framework

Comprehensive Spacecraft Flight Software requirements verification is essential to the success of deep space missions. NASA s Solar Probe Plus (SPP) Spacecraft Flight Software and requirement verification activities are being implemented by Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) located in Laurel, MD. JHU/APL s software development process for a critical mission requires an independent verification of all Spacecraft Flight Software requirements. The complexity of SPP s Spacecraft Flight Software and th ...

Jacobs, Samantha; Wortman, Kristin;

Published by: IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings      Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI:

Flight control systems; Formal verification; Interplanetary flight; NASA; Probes; Program debugging; Requirements engineering; Software design; Spacecraft; Parker Engineering

2015

Development and implementation of unique testing methods for the Solar Probe Plus array

As a NASA mission to touch the sun Solar Probe Plus (SPP) reveals challenges previously not encountered in space solar panel design and testing. Simulating flight conditions require new testing methods and equipment which have been specifically developed for this unique PV application. Testing under high intensity, high temperature conditions over large areas poses design and logistic challenges, while testing cell performance degradation to a measurement level error of <1% involved fabrication of custom LED simulators.
...

Gerger, Andrew; Sharps, Paul; Stall, Richard; Sulyma, Christopher; De Zetter, Karen; Johnson, Paul; Crist, Kevin;

Published by: 2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2015      Published on:

YEAR: 2015     DOI:

Heliostats (instruments); Light emitting diodes; NASA; Probes; Parker Engineering

2014

Predicting the solar probe plus solar array output

Predicting the output of the Solar Probe Plus (SPP) solar array presents unique challenges as the array operates at very high temperatures and irradiances, and has a water-cooled substrate. A further complication arises because, close to perihelion, each string operates at an irradiance and temperature different from the other strings. This paper provides the methodology and results for computing the output of the array over a range of irradiances from zero to seventy suns, temperatures from -80°C to 164°C, and angle ...

Gaddy, Edward; Butler, Michael; Lockwood, Mary; Martin, Gayle; Roufberg, Lew; Vigil, Cristina; Boca, Andreea; Richards, Benjamin; Stall, Rick; Schurman, Matthew;

Published by: 2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2014      Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

Aerospace engineering; Cell engineering; Photoelectrochemical cells; Photovoltaic cells; Probes; Satellites; Solar cell arrays; Sun; Parker Engineering

Application of aerogravity assist with active cooling and thermal propulsion to the solar probe mission

Aerogravity assist is an orbital transfer technique that enhances the effect of gravity assist maneuvers by utilizing aerodynamic lift in addition to gravity. This enables greater turning angles from a planetary assist, potentially cutting years off a conventional gravity assisted trajectory with multiple flybys or significantly reducing required launch C3. One of the major challenges are the extreme heat loads and heat fluxes present when flying through atmospheres at interplanetary speeds. Incorporating an activ ...

Murakami, David;

Published by: 50th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference 2014      Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

Aerodynamics; Automobile cooling systems; Cooling; Interplanetary flight; Orbital transfer; Orbits; Probes; Parker Engineering

Extreme temperature thermal vacuum testing of the solar probe plus radiator

The Solar Probe Plus (SPP) spacecraft is equipped with four thermal radiators as part of the solar array cooling system. This cooling system rejects the heat absorbed by two high heat flux solar arrays. Each thermal radiator is comprised of nine aluminum radiation fins that are bonded with epoxy to titanium tubes. These tubes are connected together via inlet and outlet manifolds to create each radiator assembly. The solar arrays are cooled by micro-channel-etched titanium plates through which the working fluid, water, is for ...

Drabenstadt, Christian; Ercol, Carl;

Published by: 28th Space Simulation Conference - Extreme Environments: Pushing the Boundaries      Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

Coolants; Cooling; Cooling systems; DC motors; Fins (heat exchange); Heat flux; Heat radiation; Liquefied gases; Probes; Solar cell arrays; Thermoanalysis; Thermoelectric equipment; Vacuum technology; Waste heat; Parker Engineering

Solar probe plus solar array cooling system T-Vac test

The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland, is designing and building the Solar Probe Plus (SPP) spacecraft and managing the project for NASA s Living with a Star (LWS) program. The main objectives of the SPP mission are to understand the Sun s coronal magnetic field, the causes of solar corona and solar wind heating and acceleration, and the mechanisms of energetic particles acceleration and transportation. To achieve these objectives, the SPP spacecraft needs to make in-situ measurements in ...

Cho, Wei-Lin; Ercol, Carl;

Published by: 28th Space Simulation Conference - Extreme Environments: Pushing the Boundaries      Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

Cooling systems; Interplanetary flight; NASA; Probes; Software testing; Solar energy; Spacecraft; Thermoelectric equipment; Waste heat; Parker Engineering

Solar probe plus (SPP) dynamic solar array simulator

The Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission, under NASA’s Living With a Star program, will fly a spacecraft (S/C) through the sun’s outer corona with orbit perihelia that gradually approach as close as 9.86 solar radii from the center of the sun. The mission will gather data on the processes of coronal heating, solar wind acceleration, and production, evolution, and transport of solar energetic particles. The S/C is powered by two actively cooled photovoltaic solar array (S/A) wings. Because of the extreme environments ne ...

Baisden, Carson;

Published by: 12th International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, IECEC 2014      Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

Attitude control; Control theory; Digital signal processors; Electric power systems; Flight control systems; MATLAB; NASA; Orbits; Probes; signal processing; Simulators; Software testing; Solar cell arrays; Space flight; Spacecraft power supplies; Vibrations (mechanical); Wings; Parker Engineering

Design of a spacecraft integration and test facility

The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) is dedicated to solving critical challenges as set forth by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Department of Defense. JHU/APL participates fully in the nation s formulation of space science and exploration priorities, providing the needed science, engineering, and technology, including the production and operation of unique spacecraft, instruments, and subsystems. Built in 1983, JHU/APL s spacecraft integration and test facility has supp ...

Liggett, William; Handiboe, Jon; Theus, Eugene; Hartka, Ted; Navid, Hadi;

Published by: 28th Space Simulation Conference - Extreme Environments: Pushing the Boundaries      Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

Benchmarking; Design; Human resource management; NASA; Probes; Test facilities; Parker Engineering

2013

The design, development, and implementation of a solar environmental simulator (SES) for the SAO Faraday Cup on Solar Probe Plus

This paper describes the implementation of a solar simulator, know as the Solar Environment Simulator (SES), that can simulate solar flux levels up to those encountered at 9.8 solar radii. The paper outlines the design, and the challenges of realizing the SES. It also describes its initial uses for proving out the design of the Solar Winds Electrons, Alphas, and Protons (SWEAP) Faraday cup. The upcoming Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission requires that its in-situ plasma instrument (the Faraday Cup) survive and operate over an un ...

Cheimets, Peter; Bookbinder, Jay; Freeman, Mark; Gates, Richard; Gauron, Thomas; Guth, Giora; Kasper, Justin; McCracken, Kenneth; Podgorski, William;

Published by: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering      Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

Arc lamps; Power control; Probes; Test facilities; Parker Engineering

Development and test of an active pixel sensor detector for heliospheric imager on solar orbiter and solar probe plus

The Naval Research Laboratory is developing next generation CMOS imaging arrays for the Solar Orbiter and Solar Probe Plus missions. The device development is nearly complete with flight device delivery scheduled for summer of 2013. The 4Kx4K mosaic array with 10micron pixels is well suited to the panoramic imaging required for the Solar Orbiter mission. The devices are robust (<100krad) and exhibit minimal performance degradation with respect to radiation. The device design and performance are described. © 2013 SPIE.

Korendyke, Clarence; Vourlidas, Angelos; Plunkett, Simon; Howard, Russell; Wang, Dennis; Marshall, Cheryl; Waczynski, Augustyn; Janesick, James; Elliot, Thomas; Tuna, Samuel; Tower, John; Grygon, Mark; Keller, David; Clifford, Gregory;

Published by: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering      Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

CMOS integrated circuits; Heat radiation; Probes; Research laboratories; Parker Engineering

Solar Probe Plus mission overview

Solar Probe Plus will be the first mission to pass into the solar corona to study how the corona is heated and the solar wind is accelerated. Solving these two fundamental mysteries has been a top-priority science goal for over five decades. The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland, is managing the mission for NASA s Living with a Star Program, including the development, build, and operation of the spacecraft. SPP will launch in 2018, performing 24 orbits of the Sun over a 7-year duration. ...

Reynolds, Edward; Driesman, Andrew; Kinnison, James; Lockwood, Mary; Hill, Patrick;

Published by: AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control (GNC) Conference      Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

Carbon; Foams; Heat shielding; Interplanetary flight; NASA; Probes; Solar cell arrays; Solar energy; Spacecraft; Temperature; Thermal insulating materials; Parker Engineering

Modeling the near-sun environment for the Solar Probe Plus Guidance and Control system

The Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission is the culmination of decades of studies on spacecraft designed to explore the inner region of the heliosphere. The mission is being implemented by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory for a 2018 launch. Building on the flight experiences of the Helios (NASA/FRG) and MESSENGER (NASA/JHUAPL) spacecraft and several remote studies, SPP will be the closest operating spacecraft to the Sun, even surpassing the 2017 planned launch of the Solar Orbiter (ESA/NASA) spacecraft. At a ...

Wirzburger, John; Vaughan, Robin; Shapiro, Hongxing;

Published by: AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control (GNC) Conference      Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

dynamics; Flight control systems; NASA; Probes; Space flight; Spacecraft; Parker Engineering

UV-exposure experiments for the Solar Probe Plus array

NASA s Solar Probe Plus (SPP) will travel closer to the Sun than any previous spacecraft. During its 7-year, 24-orbit mission, SPP will make scientific measurements of the solar corona, reaching minimum perihelion at ∼9.5 solar radii (Rs) from the center of the Sun. The solar array wings powering the spacecraft will operate under wide-ranging temperature and irradiance conditions, of 0 to 27×AM0 and -70 to +160°C nominally, with transient off-nominal survivability required up to 80×AM0. Over th ...

Boca, Andreea; Blumenfeld, Philip; Crist, Kevin; De Zetter, Karen; Richards, Benjamin; Sarver, Charles; Sharps, Paul; Stall, Richard; Stan, Mark;

Published by: Conference Record of the IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference      Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

NASA; Photovoltaic cells; Probes; Radiation effects; Solar cell arrays; Sun; Temperature distribution; Parker Engineering

Avoiding the burn: Maintaining a Sun-safe attitude for the Solar Probe Plus spacecraft

The Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission plans to send a spacecraft to explore the inner region of the heliosphere and is currently working towards launch in 2018. The SPP spacecraft will make in-situ measurements and remote observations over a series of 24 nearly-ecliptic solar orbits with perihelion decreasing from 35 solar radii (Rs) to a minimum of 9.86 Rs over a period of 7 years. Proper orientation of the spacecraft and solar arrays relative to the Sun is essential for a successful mission. A large shield must be kept betwee ...

Vaughan, Robin; Kubota, Sanae; Shapiro, Hongxing; Kagan, Mike; Vesel, John;

Published by: AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control (GNC) Conference      Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

Attitude control; Closed loop control systems; Failure analysis; Probes; Solar cell arrays; Spacecraft; Parker Engineering

2012

High-irradiance high-temperature vacuum testing of the Solar Probe Plus array design

The Solar Probe Plus (SPP) spacecraft will fly further into the Sun s corona than any previous mission, reaching a minimum perihelion at 9.5 solar radii from the center of the Sun. The solar arrays powering the spacecraft will operate under unusually high irradiances and temperatures. The array design, material choices, and necessary test facilities for SPP are therefore quite different from those used on traditional space panels. This paper gives an overview of the high-irradiance high-temperature vacuum (HIHT-Vac) reliabil ...

Boca, Andreea; Blumenfeld, Philip; Crist, Kevin; De Zetter, Karen; Mitchell, Richard; Richards, Benjamin; Sarver, Charles; Sharps, Paul; Stan, Mark; Tourino, Cory;

Published by: Conference Record of the IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference      Published on:

YEAR: 2012     DOI:

Photovoltaic cells; Probes; Solar cell arrays; Sun; Parker Engineering

Active solar array thermal control system for the solar probe plus spacecraft

The Solar Probe Plus (SPP) spacecraft will orbit the Sun closer than any other previous probe. As dictated by the current mission design, the spacecraft will achieve many perihelia as close as 9.5 RS from the Sun. During those passes, it will encounter a solar flux of ~500 suns, or 70 W/cm2. This flux is more than 50 times larger than the solar heating seen by any previous spacecraft. During the entire mission, the spacecraft and science instruments will be protected by a Thermal Protection System (TPS), and elect ...

Ercol, Carl; Guyette, Greg; Cho, Wei-Lin;

Published by: 42nd International Conference on Environmental Systems 2012, ICES 2012      Published on:

YEAR: 2012     DOI:

Cooling; Cooling systems; Flight control systems; Probes; Solar cell arrays; Spacecraft; Thermoelectric equipment; Waste heat; Parker Engineering

Solar probe plus mission definition

Solar Probe Plus will be the first mission to touch the Sun - To fly into the solar corona to study how the corona is heated and the solar wind is accelerated. Solving these two fundamental mysteries has been a top-priority science goal for over five decades. Thanks to an innovative design, emerging technology developments and completion of a successful Phase A, answers to these critical questions will soon be achieved. The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland, is designing and building the ...

Lockwood, Mary; Kinnison, James; Fox, Nicola; Conde, Richard; Driesman, Andrew;

Published by: Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC      Published on:

YEAR: 2012     DOI:

Carbon; Foams; Heating; Interplanetary flight; magnetic fields; Microwave antennas; NASA; Probes; Remote sensing; Research laboratories; Solar cell arrays; Solar radiation; Solar wind; Temperature; Parker Engineering



  1      2