PSP Bibliography





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Found 230 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2022

On the utility of flux rope models for CME magnetic structure below 30 R$_\ensuremath\odot$

We present a comprehensive analysis of the three-dimensional magnetic flux rope structure generated during the Lynch et al. (2019, ApJ 880:97) magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of a global-scale, 360 \textdegree -wide streamer blowout coronal mass ejection (CME) eruption. We create both fixed and moving synthetic spacecraft to generate time series of the MHD variables through different regions of the flux rope CME. Our moving spacecraft trajectories are derived from the spatial coordinates of Parker Solar Probe s past enc ...

Lynch, Benjamin; Al-Haddad, Nada; Yu, Wenyuan; Palmerio, Erika; Lugaz, No\;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.05.004

Parker Data Used; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); Solar corona; Coronal mass ejection (CME); magnetic flux rope; Parker Solar Probe (PSP); Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Multispacecraft Remote Sensing and In Situ Observations of the 2020 November 29 Coronal Mass Ejection and Associated Shock: From Solar Source to Heliospheric Impacts

We investigate the source eruption, propagation and expansion characteristics, and heliospheric impacts of the 2020 November 29 coronal mass ejection (CME) and associated shock, using remote sensing and in situ observations from multiple spacecraft. A potential-field source-surface model is employed to examine the coronal magnetic fields surrounding the source region. The CME and associated shock are tracked from the early stage to the outer corona using extreme ultraviolet and white light observations. Forward models are ap ...

Chen, Chong; Liu, Ying; Zhu, Bei;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac7ff6

Parker Data Used; Interplanetary shocks; Solar wind; Solar coronal mass ejections; 829; 1534; 310; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

The Radial Evolution of the Solar Wind as Organized by Electron Distribution Parameters

We utilize observations from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to study the radial evolution of the solar wind in the inner heliosphere. We analyze electron velocity distribution functions observed by the Solar Wind Electrons, Alphas, and Protons suite to estimate the coronal electron temperature and the local electric potential in the solar wind. From the latter value and the local flow speed, we compute the asymptotic solar wind speed. We group the PSP observations by asymptotic speed, and characterize the radial evolution of t ...

Halekas, J.~S.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.~E.; Maksimovic, M.; Livi, R.; Berthomier, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Case, A.~W.; Stevens, M.~L.; Bale, S.~D.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Pulupa, M.~P.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac85b8

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Slow solar wind; Fast solar wind; 1534; 1873; 1872; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Characteristics and evolution of sheath and leading edge structures of interplanetary coronal mass ejections in the inner heliosphere based on Helios and Parker Solar Probe observations

Context. We investigated the plasma and magnetic field characteristics of the upstream regions of interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) and their evolution as function of distance to the Sun in the inner heliosphere. Results are related both to the development of interplanetary shocks, sheath regions, and compressed solar wind plasma ahead of the magnetic ejecta (ME). \ Aims: From a sample of 45 ICMEs observed by Helios 1/2 and the Parker Solar Probe, we aim to identify four main density structures; namely shock, she ...

Temmer, M.; Bothmer, V.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202243291

Parker Data Used; Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs); Sun: heliosphere; solar-terrestrial relations; Solar wind; Sun: activity; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Galactic Cosmic-Ray Propagation in the Inner Heliosphere: Improved Force-field Model

Li, Jung-Tsung; Beacom, John; Peter, Annika;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac8cf3

Parker Data Used; cosmic rays; Galactic cosmic rays; Gamma-ray astronomy; Gamma-ray observatories; Magnetohydrodynamics; Plasma astrophysics; Particle astrophysics; High energy astrophysics; Solar Physics; interplanetary turbulence; 329; 567; 628; 632; 1964; 1261; 96; 739; 1476; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; High Energy Physics - Phenomenology; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Near-f $_Ce$ Harmonic Emissions in the Near-Sun Solar Wind and Their Dependence on the Magnetic Field Direction

Wave emissions at frequencies near electron gyrofrequency harmonics are observed at small heliocentric distances below about 40 R $_\ensuremath\odot$ and are known to occur in regions with quiescent magnetic fields. We show the close connection of these waves to the large-scale properties of the magnetic field. Near electron gyrofrequency harmonic emissions occur only when the ambient magnetic field points to a narrow range of directions bounded by polar and azimuthal angular ranges in the RTN coordinate system of correspond ...

Tigik, Sabrina; Vaivads, Andris; Malaspina, David; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac8473

Parker Data Used; Space plasmas; Plasma physics; Solar wind; 1544; 2089; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

The heliospheric ambipolar potential inferred from sunward-propagating halo electrons

We provide evidence that the sunward-propagating half of the solar wind electron halo distribution evolves without scattering in the inner heliosphere. We assume the particles conserve their total energy and magnetic moment, and perform a Liouville mapping on electron pitch angle distributions measured by the Parker Solar Probe SPAN-E instrument. Namely, we show that the distributions are consistent with Liouville s theorem if an appropriate interplanetary potential is chosen. This potential, an outcome of our fitting meth ...

Horaites, Konstantinos; Boldyrev, Stanislav;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stac2051

Parker Data Used; plasmas; Solar wind; Physics - Space Physics

Coronal Mass Ejection Deformation at 0.1 au Observed by WISPR

Although coronal mass ejections (CMEs) resembling flux ropes generally expand self-similarly, deformations along their fronts have been reported in observations and simulations. We present evidence of one CME becoming deformed after a period of self-similar expansion in the corona. The event was observed by multiple white-light imagers on 2021 January 20-22. The change in shape is evident in observations from the heliospheric imagers from the Wide-Field Imager for Solar Probe Plus (WISPR), which observed this CME for \raiseb ...

Braga, Carlos; Vourlidas, Angelos; Liewer, Paulett; Hess, Phillip; Stenborg, Guillermo; Riley, Pete;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac90bf

Parker Data Used; Solar coronal mass ejections; 310; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Modeling of Joint Parker Solar Probe-Metis/Solar Orbiter Observations

We present the first theoretical modeling of joint Parker Solar Probe (PSP)-Metis/Solar Orbiter (SolO) quadrature observations. The combined observations describe the evolution of a slow solar wind plasma parcel from the extended solar corona (3.5-6.3 R $_\ensuremath\odot$) to the very inner heliosphere (23.2 R $_\ensuremath\odot$). The Metis/SolO instrument remotely measures the solar wind speed finding a range from 96 to 201 km s$^-1$, and PSP measures the solar wind plasma in situ, observing a radial speed of 219.34 km s$ ...

Adhikari, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Telloni, D.; Zhao, L.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac91c6

Parker Data Used; The Sun; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; 1693; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Strategies for Determining the Cascade Rate in MHD Turbulence: Isotropy, Anisotropy, and Spacecraft Sampling

Exact laws for evaluating cascade rates, tracing back to the Kolmogorov 4/5 law, have been extended to many systems of interest including magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), and compressible flows of the magnetofluid and ordinary fluid types. It is understood that implementations may be limited by the quantity of available data and by the lack of turbulence symmetry. Assessment of the accuracy and feasibility of such third-order (or Yaglom) relations is most effectively accomplished by examining the von K\ arm\ an-Howarth equati ...

Wang, Yanwen; Chhiber, Rohit; Adhikari, Subash; Yang, Yan; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Shay, Michael; Oughton, Sean; Matthaeus, William; Cuesta, Manuel;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac8f90

Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; Space plasmas; Plasma physics; Magnetohydrodynamics; Magnetohydrodynamical simulations; 830; 1544; 2089; 1964; 1966; Physics - Space Physics; Physics - Fluid Dynamics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Tracking a Beam of Electrons from the Low Solar Corona into Interplanetary Space with the Low Frequency Array, Parker Solar Probe, and 1 au Spacecraft

Badman, Samuel; Carley, Eoin; Ca\~nizares, Luis; Dresing, Nina; Jian, Lan; Lario, David; Gallagher, Peter; Oliveros, Juan; Pulupa, Marc; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac90c2

Parker Data Used; Solar coronal radio emission; Active Solar Corona; Solar corona; Heliosphere; Solar energetic particles; 1993; 1988; 1483; 711; 1491; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

CMEs and SEPs During November-December 2020: A Challenge for Real-Time Space Weather Forecasting

Predictions of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and solar energetic particles (SEPs) are a central issue in space weather forecasting. In recent years, interest in space weather predictions has expanded to include impacts at other planets beyond Earth as well as spacecraft scattered throughout the heliosphere. In this sense, the scope of space weather science now encompasses the whole heliospheric system, and multipoint measurements of solar transients can provide useful insights and validations for prediction models. In this w ...

Palmerio, Erika; Lee, Christina; Mays, Leila; Luhmann, Janet; Lario, David; anchez-Cano, Beatriz; Richardson, Ian; Vainio, Rami; Stevens, Michael; Cohen, Christina; Steinvall, Konrad; Möstl, Christian; Weiss, Andreas; Nieves-Chinchilla, Teresa; Li, Yan; Larson, Davin; Heyner, Daniel; Bale, Stuart; Galvin, Antoinette; Holmström, Mats; Khotyaintsev, Yuri; Maksimovic, Milan; Mitrofanov, Igor;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021SW002993

Parker Data Used; coronal mass ejections; Solar energetic particles; space weather forecasts; MHD models; Inner heliosphere; Solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Multi-scale image preprocessing and feature tracking for remote CME characterization

Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) influence the interplanetary environment over vast distances in the solar system by injecting huge clouds of fast solar plasma and energetic particles (SEPs). A number of fundamental questions remain about how SEPs are produced, but current understanding points to CME-driven shocks and compressions in the solar corona. At the same time, unprecedented remote and in situ (Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter) solar observations are becoming available to constrain existing theories. Here we present a ...

Stepanyuk, Oleg; Kozarev, Kamen; Nedal, Mohamed;

Published by: Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2022020

Parker Data Used; Coronal bright fronts; coronal mass ejections; image processing; eruptive filaments; CME; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Eruption and Interplanetary Evolution of a Stealthy Streamer-Blowout CME Observed by PSP at \ensuremath\sim0.5 AU

Streamer-blowout coronal mass ejections (SBO-CMEs) are the dominant CME population during solar minimum. Although they are typically slow and lack clear low-coronal signatures, they can cause geomagnetic storms. With the aid of extrapolated coronal fields and remote observations of the off-limb low corona, we study the initiation of an SBO-CME preceded by consecutive CME eruptions consistent with a multi-stage sympathetic breakout scenario. From inner-heliospheric Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations, it is evident that the ...

Pal, Sanchita; Lynch, Benjamin; Good, Simon; Palmerio, Erika; Asvestari, Eleanna; Pomoell, Jens; Stevens, Michael; Kilpua, Emilia;

Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2022.903676

Parker Data Used; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Sudden depletion of Alfv\ enic turbulence in the rarefaction region of corotating solar wind high-speed streams at 1 AU: Possible solar origin?

A canonical description of a corotating solar wind high-speed stream in terms of velocity profile would indicate three main regions: a stream interface or corotating interaction region characterized by a rapid increase in flow speed and by compressive phenomena that are due to dynamical interaction between the fast wind flow and the slower ambient plasma; a fast wind plateau characterized by weak compressive phenomena and large-amplitude fluctuations with a dominant Alfv\ enic character; and a rarefaction region characterize ...

Carnevale, G.; Bruno, R.; Marino, R.; Pietropaolo, E.; Raines, J.~M.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202040006

turbulence; Sun: magnetic fields; Solar wind; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); Sun: corona; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Intermittency in the Expanding Solar Wind: Observations from Parker Solar Probe (0.16 au), Helios 1 (0.3-1 au), and Voyager 1 (1-10 au)

We examine statistics of magnetic-field vector components to explore how intermittency evolves from near-Sun plasma to radial distances as large as 10 au. Statistics entering the analysis include autocorrelation, magnetic structure functions of the order of n (SF$_ n $), and scale-dependent kurtosis (SDK), each grouped in ranges of heliocentric distance. The Goddard Space Flight Center Space Physics Data Facility provides magnetic-field measurements for resolutions of 6.8 ms for Parker Solar Probe, 6 s for Helios, and 1.92 s ...

Cuesta, Manuel; Parashar, Tulasi; Chhiber, Rohit; Matthaeus, William;

Published by: \apjs      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ac45fa

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary magnetic fields; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Interplanetary physics; 1534; 824; 1544; 830; 827; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Core Electron Heating by Triggered Ion Acoustic Waves in the Solar Wind

Perihelion passes on Parker Solar Probe orbits 6-9 have been studied to show that solar wind core electrons emerged from 15 solar radii with a temperature of 55 \ensuremath\pm 5 eV, independent of the solar wind speed, which varied from 300 to 800 km s$^-1$. After leaving 15 solar radii and in the absence of triggered ion acoustic waves at greater distances, the core electron temperature varied with radial distance, R, in solar radii, as 1900R $^-4/3$ eV because of cooling produced by the adiabatic expansion. The coefficient ...

Mozer, F.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Cattell, C.~A.; Halekas, J.; Vasko, I.~Y.; Verniero, J.~L.; Kellogg, P.~J.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac5520

Parker Data Used; Solar corona; Solar wind; 1483; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Statistical Analysis of Intermittency and its Association with Proton Heating in the Near-Sun Environment

We use data from the first six encounters of the Parker Solar Probe and employ the partial variance of increments (PVI) method to study the statistical properties of coherent structures in the inner heliosphere with the aim of exploring physical connections between magnetic field intermittency and observable consequences such as plasma heating and turbulence dissipation. Our results support proton heating localized in the vicinity of, and strongly correlated with, magnetic structures characterized by PVI \ensuremath\geq 1. W ...

Sioulas, Nikos; Velli, Marco; Chhiber, Rohit; Vlahos, Loukas; Matthaeus, William; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Cuesta, Manuel; Shi, Chen; Bowen, Trevor; Qudsi, Ramiz; Stevens, Michael; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4fc1

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics; 1534; 1544; 1261; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Suprathermal Ion Energy Spectra and Anisotropies near the Heliospheric Current Sheet Crossing Observed by the Parker Solar Probe during Encounter 7

We present observations of \ensuremath\gtrsim10-100 keV nucleon$^-1$ suprathermal (ST) H, He, O, and Fe ions associated with crossings of the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) at radial distances of <0.1 au from the Sun. Our key findings are as follows: (1) very few heavy ions are detected during the first full crossing, the heavy-ion intensities are reduced during the second partial crossing and peak just after the second crossing; (2) ion arrival times exhibit no velocity dispersion; (3) He pitch-angle distributions track t ...

Desai, M.~I.; Mitchell, D.~G.; McComas, D.~J.; Drake, J.~F.; Phan, T.; Szalay, J.~R.; Roelof, E.~C.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.~E.; Christian, E.~R.; Schwadron, N.~A.; McNutt, R.~L.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Joyce, C.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Davis, A.~J.; Krimigis, S.~M.; Leske, R.~A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Malandraki, O.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Labrador, A.; Stone, E.~C.; Bale, S.~D.; Verniero, J.; Rahmati, A.; Whittlesey, P.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Niehof, J.~T.; Kasper, J.~C.; Horbury, T.~S.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4961

Parker Data Used; The Sun; Solar magnetic reconnection; Interplanetary particle acceleration; interplanetary magnetic fields; Heliosphere; 1693; 1504; 826; 824; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Analysis of the Distribution, Rotation and Scale Characteristics of Solar Wind Switchbacks: Comparison between the First and Second Encounters of Parker Solar Probe

The S-shaped magnetic structure in the solar wind formed by the twisting of magnetic field lines is called a switchback, whose main characteristics are the reversal of the magnetic field and the significant increase in the solar wind radial velocity. We identify 242 switchbacks during the first two encounters of Parker Solar Probe. Statistics methods are applied to analyze the distribution and the rotation angle and direction of the magnetic field rotation of the switchbacks. The diameter of switchbacks is estimated with a m ...

Meng, Ming-Ming; Liu, Ying; Chen, Chong; Wang, Rui;

Published by: Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1088/1674-4527/ac49e4

Parker Data Used; ISM: magnetic fields; methods: statistical; (Sun:) solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

The Kinetic Expansion of Solar-wind Electrons: Transport Theory and Predictions for the Very Inner Heliosphere

We propose a transport theory for the kinetic evolution of solar-wind electrons in the heliosphere. We derive a gyro-averaged kinetic transport equation that accounts for the spherical expansion of the solar wind and the geometry of the Parker spiral magnetic field. To solve our three-dimensional kinetic equation, we develop a mathematical approach that combines the Crank-Nicolson scheme in velocity space and a finite-difference Euler scheme in configuration space. We initialize our model with isotropic electron distribution ...

Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Verscharen, Daniel; Vocks, Christian; Abraham, Joel; Owen, Christopher; Wicks, Robert; Fazakerley, Andrew; Stansby, David; Ber\vci\vc, Laura; Nicolaou, Georgios; Rueda, Jeffersson; Bakrania, Mayur;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4805

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Heliosphere; Theoretical models; 1534; 1544; 711; 2107; Physics - Space Physics

In Situ Measurement of the Energy Fraction in Suprathermal and Energetic Particles at ACE, Wind, and PSP Interplanetary Shocks

The acceleration of charged particles by interplanetary shocks (IPs) can drain a nonnegligible fraction of the plasma pressure. In this study, we have selected 17 IPs observed in situ at 1 au by the Advanced Composition Explorer and the Wind spacecraft, and 1 shock at 0.8 au observed by Parker Solar Probe. We have calculated the time-dependent partial pressure of suprathermal and energetic particles (smaller and greater than 50 keV for protons and 30 keV for electrons, respectively) in both the upstream and downstream region ...

David, Liam; Fraschetti, Federico; Giacalone, Joe; Wimmer-Schweingruber, Robert; Berger, Lars; Lario, David;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac54af

Parker Data Used; Interplanetary shocks; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Space plasmas; 829; 826; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Energy Transfer, Discontinuities, and Heating in the Inner Heliosphere Measured with a Weak and Local Formulation of the Politano-Pouquet Law

The solar wind is a highly turbulent plasma for which the mean rate of energy transfer ɛ has been measured for a long time using the Politano-Pouquet (PP98) exact law. However, this law assumes statistical homogeneity that can be violated by the presence of discontinuities. Here, we introduce a new method based on the inertial dissipation $ D _I^{\sigma }$ whose analytical form is derived from incompressible magnetohydrodynamics; it can be considered as a weak and local (in space) formulation of the PP98 law whose expressio ...

David, V.; Galtier, S.; Sahraoui, F.; Hadid, L.~Z.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac524b

Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; Space plasmas; Solar wind; 830; 1544; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Energetic Particle Perpendicular Diffusion: Simulations and Theory in Noisy Reduced Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence

The transport of energetic charged particles (e.g., cosmic rays) in turbulent magnetic fields is usually characterized in terms of the diffusion parallel and perpendicular to a large-scale (or mean) magnetic field. The nonlinear guiding center theory has been a prominent perpendicular diffusion theory. A recent version of this theory, based on the random ballistic spreading of magnetic field lines and a backtracking correction (RBD/BC), has shown good agreement with test particle simulations for a two-component magnetic turb ...

Snodin, A.~P.; Jitsuk, T.; Ruffolo, D.; Matthaeus, W.~H.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6e6d

Parker Data Used; cosmic rays; magnetic fields; Particle astrophysics; 329; 994; 96; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Physics - Space Physics

Features of Magnetic Field Switchbacks in Relation to the Local-field Geometry of Large-amplitude Alfv\ enic Oscillations: Wind and PSP Observations

In this Letter, we report observations of magnetic switchback (SB) features near 1 au using data from the Wind spacecraft. These features appear to be strikingly similar to the ones observed by the Parker Solar Probe mission closer to the Sun: namely, one- sided spikes (or enhancements) in the solar-wind bulk speed V that correlate/anticorrelate with the spikes seen in the radial- field component B $_ R $. In the solar-wind streams that we analyzed, these specific SB features near 1 au are associated with large-amplitude Alf ...

Bourouaine, Sofiane; Perez, Jean; Raouafi, Nour; Chandran, Benjamin; Bale, Stuart; Velli, Marco;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac67d9

Parker Data Used; Heliosphere; Solar wind; 711; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Radial Evolution of Thermal and Suprathermal Electron Populations in the Slow Solar Wind from 0.13 to 0.5 au: Parker Solar Probe Observations

We develop and apply a bespoke fitting routine to a large volume of solar wind electron distribution data measured by Parker Solar Probe over its first five orbits, covering radial distances from 0.13 to 0.5 au. We characterize the radial evolution of the electron core, halo, and strahl populations in the slow solar wind during these orbits. The fractional densities of these three electron populations provide evidence for the growth of the combined suprathermal halo and strahl populations from 0.13 to 0.17 au. Moreover, the ...

Abraham, Joel; Owen, Christopher; Verscharen, Daniel; Bakrania, Mayur; Stansby, David; Wicks, Robert; Nicolaou, Georgios; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Rueda, Jeffersson; Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Ber\vci\vc, Laura;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6605

Parker Data Used; The Sun; Heliosphere; Plasma physics; Solar wind; 1693; 711; 2089; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Constraining Global Coronal Models with Multiple Independent Observables

Global coronal models seek to produce an accurate physical representation of the Sun s atmosphere that can be used, for example, to drive space-weather models. Assessing their accuracy is a complex task, and there are multiple observational pathways to provide constraints and tune model parameters. Here, we combine several such independent constraints, defining a model- agnostic framework for standardized comparison. We require models to predict the distribution of coronal holes at the photosphere, and neutral line topology ...

Badman, Samuel; Brooks, David; Poirier, Nicolas; Warren, Harry; Petrie, Gordon; Rouillard, Alexis; Arge, Nick; Bale, Stuart; Agüero, Diego; Harra, Louise; Jones, Shaela; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Riley, Pete; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Wallace, Samantha;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6610

Parker Data Used; Solar Physics; Solar corona; Solar coronal holes; Astronomical models; 1476; 1483; 1484; 86; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Isotropization and Evolution of Energy-containing Eddies in Solar Wind Turbulence: Parker Solar Probe, Helios 1, ACE, WIND, and Voyager 1

We examine the radial evolution of correlation lengths perpendicular ( $\lambda _C^\perp $ ) and parallel ( $\lambda _C^\parallel $ ) to the magnetic-field direction, computed from solar wind magnetic-field data measured by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first eight orbits, Helios 1, Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE), WIND, and Voyager 1 spacecraft. Correlation lengths are grouped by an interval s alignment angle; the angle between the magnetic-field and solar wind velocity vectors (\ensuremath\Theta$_BV$). Parallel a ...

Cuesta, Manuel; Chhiber, Rohit; Roy, Sohom; Goodwill, Joshua; Pecora, Francesco; Jarosik, Jake; Matthaeus, William; Parashar, Tulasi; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac73fd

Parker Data Used; Two-point correlation function; Heliosphere; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; 1951; 711; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Growth of Outward Propagating Fast-magnetosonic/Whistler Waves in the Inner Heliosphere Observed by Parker Solar Probe

The solar wind in the inner heliosphere has been observed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to exhibit abundant wave activities. The cyclotron wave modes responding to ions or electrons are among the most crucial wave components. However, their origin and evolution in the inner heliosphere close to the Sun remains a mystery. Specifically, it remains unknown whether it is an emitted signal from the solar atmosphere or an eigenmode growing locally in the heliosphere due to plasma instability. To address and resolve this controversy, ...

He, Jiansen; Wang, Ying; Zhu, Xingyu; Duan, Die; Verscharen, Daniel; Zhao, Guoqing;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6c8e

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

On the Transmission of Turbulent Structures across the Earth s Bow Shock

Collisionless shocks and plasma turbulence are crucial ingredients for a broad range of astrophysical systems. The shock-turbulence interaction, and in particular the transmission of fully developed turbulence across the quasi-perpendicular Earth s bow shock, is here addressed using a combination of spacecraft observations and local numerical simulations. An alignment between the Wind (upstream) and Magnetospheric Multiscale (downstream) spacecraft is used to study the transmission of turbulent structures across the shock, r ...

Trotta, Domenico; Pecora, Francesco; Settino, Adriana; Perrone, Denise; Hietala, Heli; Horbury, Timothy; Matthaeus, William; Burgess, David; Servidio, Sergio; Valentini, Francesco;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac7798

Parker Data Used; Shocks; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; 2086; 1544; 830; Physics - Space Physics

The Dynamic Evolution of Solar Wind Streams Following Interchange Reconnection

Interchange reconnection is thought to play an important role in determining the dynamics and material composition of the slow solar wind that originates from near coronal-hole boundaries. To explore the implications of this process we simulate the dynamic evolution of a solar wind stream along a newly-opened magnetic flux tube. The initial condition is composed of a piecewise continuous dynamic equilibrium in which the regions above and below the reconnection site are extracted from steady-state solutions along open and clo ...

Scott, Roger; Bradshaw, Stephen; Linton, Mark;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac7144

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar magnetic fields; Solar corona; Heliosphere; 1534; 1504; 1503; 1483; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

The preferential orientation of magnetic switchbacks and its implications for solar magnetic flux transport

Context. Magnetic switchbacks in the solar wind are large deflections of the magnetic field vector, which often reverse their radial component, and are associated with a velocity spike consistent with their Alfv\ enic nature. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission revealed them to be a dominant feature of the near-Sun solar wind. Where and how they are formed remains unclear and subject to discussion. \ Aims: We investigate the orientation of the magnetic field deflections in switchbacks to determine if they are characterized ...

Fargette, Na; Lavraud, Benoit; Rouillard, Alexis; eville, Victor; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202243537

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: corona; Sun: photosphere; methods: data analysis; methods: statistical; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Structure and fluctuations of a slow ICME sheath observed at 0.5 au by the Parker Solar Probe

Context. Sheath regions ahead of interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) are compressed and turbulent global heliospheric structures. Their global and fine-scale structure are outstanding research problems, and only a few studies have been conducted on this topic closer to the Sun than 1 au. Comprehensive knowledge of the sheath structure and embedded fluctuations and of their evolution in interplanetary space is important for understanding their geoeffectiveness, their role in accelerating charged particles to high en ...

Kilpua, E.~K.~J.; Good, S.~W.; Ala-Lahti, M.; Osmane, A.; Pal, S.; Soljento, J.~E.; Zhao, L.~L.; Bale, S.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202142191

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs); shock waves; turbulence; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Density and Velocity Fluctuations of Alpha Particles in Magnetic Switchbacks

McManus, Michael; Verniero, Jaye; Bale, Stuart; Bowen, Trevor; Larson, Davin; Kasper, Justin; Livi, Roberto; Matteini, Lorenzo; Rahmati, Ali; Romeo, Orlando; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Woolley, Thomas;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6ba3

Parker Data Used; Heliosphere; Solar wind; Space plasmas; 711; 1534; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Taylor Microscale and Effective Reynolds Number near the Sun from PSP

The Taylor microscale is a fundamental length scale in turbulent fluids, representing the end of fluid properties and onset of dissipative processes. The Taylor microscale can also be used to evaluate the Reynolds number in classical turbulence theory. Although the solar wind is weakly collisional, it approximately behaves as a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) fluid at scales larger than the kinetic scale. As a result, classical fluid turbulence theory and formalisms are often used to study turbulence in the MHD range. Therefore, a ...

Phillips, C.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; McComas, D.~J.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac713f

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; 1534; 830; 1964; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Parker Solar Probe detects solar radio bursts related with a behind-the-limb active region

Context. The interpretation of solar radio bursts observed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) in the encounter phase plays a key role in understanding intrinsic properties of the emission mechanism in the solar corona. Lower time-frequency resolution of the PSP receiver can be overcome by simultaneous ground-based observations using more advanced antennas and receivers. \ Aims: In this paper we present such observations for which the active active region 12 765, begetter of type III, J, and U solar bursts, was within sight of groun ...

Stanislavsky, Aleksander; Bubnov, Igor; Koval, Artem; Yerin, Serge;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202141984

Parker Data Used; Sun: activity; Sun: corona; Sun: radio radiation; methods: observational; space vehicles; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Multipoint Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections Observed with Solar Orbiter, BepiColombo, Parker Solar Probe, Wind, and STEREO-A

We report the result of the first search for multipoint in situ and imaging observations of interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) starting with the first Solar Orbiter (SolO) data in 2020 April-2021 April. A data exploration analysis is performed including visualizations of the magnetic-field and plasma observations made by the five spacecraft SolO, BepiColombo, Parker Solar Probe (PSP), Wind, and STEREO-A, in connection with coronagraph and heliospheric imaging observations from STEREO-A/SECCHI and SOHO/LASCO. We id ...

Möstl, Christian; Weiss, Andreas; Reiss, Martin; Amerstorfer, Tanja; Bailey, Rachel; Hinterreiter, Jürgen; Bauer, Maike; Barnes, David; Davies, Jackie; Harrison, Richard; von Forstner, Johan; Davies, Emma; Heyner, Daniel; Horbury, Tim; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac42d0

Parker Data Used; 310; 1526; 1534; 1476; 827; 824; 829; 711; 2037; 1472; 1528; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Inertial-range Magnetic-fluctuation Anisotropy Observed from Parker Solar Probe s First Seven Orbits

Solar wind turbulence is anisotropic with respect to the mean magnetic field. Anisotropy leads to ambiguity when interpreting in situ turbulence observations in the solar wind because an apparent change in the measurements could be due to either the change of intrinsic turbulence properties or to a simple change of the spacecraft sampling direction. We demonstrate the ambiguity using the spectral index and magnetic compressibility in the inertial range observed by the Parker Solar Probe during its first seven orbits ranging ...

Zhao, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Adhikari, L.; Nakanotani, M.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4415

Parker Data Used; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Variable Ion Compositions of Solar Energetic Particle Events in the Inner Heliosphere: A Field Line Braiding Model with Compound Injections

We propose a model for interpreting highly variable ion composition ratios in solar energetic particle (SEP) events recently observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) at 0.3-0.45 au. We use numerical simulations to calculate SEP propagation in a turbulent interplanetary magnetic field with a Kolmogorov power spectrum from large scales down to the gyration scale of energetic particles. We show that when the source regions of different species are offset by a distance comparable to the size of the source regions, the observed e ...

Guo, Fan; Zhao, Lulu; Cohen, Christina; Giacalone, Joe; Leske, R.~A.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Kahler, S.~W.; Li, Xiaocan; Zhang, Qile; Ho, George; Desai, Mihir;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3233

Parker Data Used; 1491; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Widespread 1-2 MeV Energetic Particles Associated with Slow and Narrow Coronal Mass Ejections: Parker Solar Probe and STEREO Measurements

Suprathermal ions in the corona are thought to serve as seed particles for large gradual solar energetic particle (SEP) events associated with fast and wide coronal mass ejections (CMEs). A better understanding of the role of suprathermal particles as seed populations for SEP events can be made by using observations close to the Sun. We study a series of SEP events observed by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS\ensuremath\odotIS) suite on board the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) from 2020 May 27 to June 2, during ...

Zhuang, Bin; Lugaz, No\; Lario, David;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3af2

Parker Data Used; 1491; 310; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Anomalous Cosmic-Ray Oxygen Observations into 0.1 au

The Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite onboard NASA s Parker Solar Probe mission continues to measure solar energetic particles and cosmic rays closer to the Sun than ever before. Here, we present the first observations of cosmic rays into 0.1 au (21.5 solar radii), focusing specifically on oxygen from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde2018.7 to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde2021.2. Our energy spectra reveal an anomalous cosmic-ray-dominated profile that is comparable to that at 1 au, across multiple so ...

Rankin, J.~S.; McComas, D.~J.; Leske, R.~A.; Christian, E.~R.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Cummings, A.~C.; Joyce, C.~J.; Labrador, A.~W.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Stone, E.~C.; Strauss, R.~D.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac348f

Parker Data Used; 567; 329; 1487; 1193; 1503; 1476; 1534; 96; 1544; 711; 1322; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Parker Solar Probe Evidence for the Absence of Whistlers Close to the Sun to Scatter Strahl and to Regulate Heat Flux

Using the Parker Solar Probe FIELDS bandpass-filter data and SWEAP electron data from Encounters 1 through 9, we show statistical properties of narrowband whistlers from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde16 R $_s$ to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde130 R $_s$, and compare wave occurrence to electron properties including beta, temperature anisotropy, and heat flux. Whistlers are very rarely observed inside \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde28 R $_s$ (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.13 au). Outside 28 R $_s$, they occur within a narrow ...

Cattell, C.; Breneman, A.; Dombeck, J.; Hanson, E.; Johnson, M.; Halekas, J.; Bale, S.~D.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Case, T.; Kasper, J.~C.; Larson, D.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4015

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1261; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Strong Perpendicular Velocity-space Diffusion in Proton Beams Observed by Parker Solar Probe

The SWEAP instrument suite on Parker Solar Probe (PSP) has detected numerous proton beams associated with coherent, circularly polarized, ion-scale waves observed by PSP s FIELDS instrument suite. Measurements during PSP Encounters 4-8 revealed pronounced complex shapes in the proton velocity distribution functions (VDFs), in which the tip of the beam undergoes strong perpendicular diffusion, resulting in VDF level contours that resemble a hammerhead. We refer to these proton beams, with their attendant hammerhead fe ...

Verniero, J.~L.; Chandran, B.~D.~G.; Larson, D.~E.; Paulson, K.; Alterman, B.~L.; Badman, S.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Bowen, T.~A.; de Wit, Dudok; Kasper, J.~C.; Klein, K.~G.; Lichko, E.; Livi, R.; McManus, M.~D.; Rahmati, A.; Verscharen, D.; Walters, J.; Whittlesey, P.~L.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac36d5

Parker Data Used; 1544; 23; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes and Their Properties Based on In Situ Measurements from the Parker Solar Probe

We report small-scale magnetic flux ropes via the in situ measurements from the Parker Solar Probe during the first six encounters, and present additional analyses to supplement our prior work in Chen et al. These flux ropes are detected by the Grad-Shafranov-based algorithm, with their durations and scale sizes ranging from 10 s to \ensuremath\lesssim1 hr and from a few hundred kilometers to 10$^-3$ au, respectively. They include both static structures and those with significant field-aligned plasma flows. Most structures t ...

Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3487

Parker Data Used; 1858; 830; 1504; 1503; 1534; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Slow Shock Formation Upstream of Reconnecting Current Sheets

The formation, development, and impact of slow shocks in the upstream regions of reconnecting current layers are explored. Slow shocks have been documented in the upstream regions of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations of magnetic reconnection as well as in similar simulations with the kglobal kinetic macroscale simulation model. They are therefore a candidate mechanism for preheating the plasma that is injected into the current layers that facilitate magnetic energy release in solar flares. Of particular interest is their ...

Arnold, H.; Drake, J.~F.; Swisdak, M.; Guo, F.; Dahlin, J.~T.; Zhang, Q.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac423b

Parker Data Used; 1504; 2086; 2089; 1544; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Alpha-Proton Differential Flow of the Young Solar Wind: Parker Solar Probe Observations

The velocity of alpha particles relative to protons can vary depending on the solar wind type and distance from the Sun. Measurements from the previous spacecraft provided the alpha-proton differential velocities down to 0.3 au. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) now enables insights into differential flows of the newly accelerated solar wind closer to the Sun for the first time. Here we study the difference between proton and alpha bulk velocities near PSP perihelia of encounters 3-7 when the core solar wind is in the field of vi ...

Mostafavi, P.; Allen, R.~C.; McManus, M.~D.; Ho, G.~C.; Raouafi, N.~E.; Larson, D.~E.; Kasper, J.~C.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac51e1

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1544; 1492; 1476; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

An Improved Technique for Measuring Plasma Density to High Frequencies on the Parker Solar Probe

The correlation between the plasma density measured in space and the surface potential of an electrically conducting satellite body with biased electric field detectors has been recognized and used to provide density proxies. However, for Parker Solar Probe, this correlation has not produced quantitative density estimates over extended periods of time because it depends on the energy-dependent exponential variation of the photoemission spectrum, the electron temperature, the ratio of the biased surface area to the conducting ...

Mozer, F.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Kellogg, P.~J.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Romeo, O.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4f42

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1476; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Modeling Ion Beams, Kinetic Instabilities, and Waves Observed by the Parker Solar Probe near Perihelia

Recent in situ observations from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission in the inner heliosphere near perihelia show evidence of ion beams, temperature anisotropies, and kinetic wave activity, which are likely associated with kinetic heating and acceleration processes of the solar wind. In particular, the proton beams were detected by PSP/Solar Probe Analyzers-Ion (SPAN-I) and related magnetic fluctuation spectra associated with ion-scale waves were observed by the FIELDS instrument. We present the ion velocity distribution fu ...

Ofman, Leon; Boardsen, Scott; Jian, Lan; Verniero, Jaye; Larson, Davin;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac402c

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1545; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

The Stability of the Electron Strahl against the Oblique Fast-magnetosonic/Whistler Instability in the Inner Heliosphere

We analyze the micro-kinetic stability of the electron strahl in the solar wind depending on heliocentric distance. The oblique fast- magnetosonic/whistler (FM/W) instability has emerged in the literature as a key candidate mechanism for the effective scattering of the electron strahl into the electron halo population. Using data from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Helios, we compare the measured strahl properties with the analytical thresholds for the oblique FM/W instability in the low- and high-\ensuremath\beta $_\ensur ...

Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Abraham, Joel; Verscharen, Daniel; Ber\vci\vc, Laura; Stansby, David; Nicolaou, Georgios; Owen, Christopher; Wicks, Robert; Fazakerley, Andrew; Rueda, Jeffersson; Bakrania, Mayur;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4dff

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1544; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Flux Rope Merging and the Structure of Switchbacks in the Solar Wind

A major discovery of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was the presence of large numbers of localized increases in the radial solar wind speed and associated sharp deflections of the magnetic field- switchbacks (SBs). A possible generation mechanism of SBs is through magnetic reconnection between open and closed magnetic flux near the solar surface, termed interchange reconnection, that leads to the ejection of flux ropes (FRs) into the solar wind. Observations also suggest that SBs undergo merging, consistent with an FR picture of t ...

Agapitov, O.~V.; Drake, J.~F.; Swisdak, M.; Bale, S.~D.; Horbury, T.~S.; Kasper, J.~C.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Mozer, F.~S.; Phan, T.~D.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.~E.; Velli, M.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4016

Parker Data Used; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics



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