# PSP Bibliography

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## Found 157 entries in the Bibliography.

### Showing entries from 1 through 50

 2021 Parker solar probe observations of helical structures as boundaries for energetic particles Energetic particle transport in the interplanetary medium is known to be affected by magnetic structures. It has been demonstrated for solar energetic particles in near-Earth orbit studies, and also for the more energetic cosmic rays. In this paper, we show observational evidence that intensity variations of solar energetic particles can be correlated with the occurrence of helical magnetic flux tubes and their boundaries. The analysis is carried out using data from Parker Solar Probe orbit 5, in the period 2020 May 24 to Ju ... Pecora, F.; Servidio, S.; Greco, A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; Giacalone, J.; Joyce, C.~J.; Getachew, T.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Leske, R.~A.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; McNutt, R.~L.; Hill, M.~E.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Christian, E.~R.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Bale, S.~D.; Published by: \mnras      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stab2659 Toward a Physics Based Model of Hypervelocity Dust Impacts There has been important understanding of the process by which a hypersonic dust impact makes an electrical signal on a spacecraft sensor, leading to a fuller understanding of the Kellogg, Paul; Bale, S.~D.; Goetz, Keith; Monson, Steven; Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028415 Triggered Ion-acoustic Waves in the Solar Wind For more than 12 hr beginning on 2021 January 18, continuous narrowband electrostatic emissions were observed on the Parker Solar Probe near 20 solar radii. The observed <1000 Hz frequencies were well below the local ion-plasma frequency. Surprisingly, the emissions consisted of electrostatic wave packets with shock- like envelopes, appearing repetitively at a \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde1.5 Hz rate. This repetitiveness correlated and was in phase with low-frequency electromagnetic fluctuations. The emissions were associat ... Mozer, F.~S.; Vasko, I.~Y.; Verniero, J.~L.; Published by: \apjl      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac2259 On the Origin of Switchbacks Observed in the Solar Wind The origin of switchbacks in the solar wind is discussed in two classes of theory that differ in the location of the source being either near the transition region near the Sun or in the solar wind itself. The two classes of theory differ in their predictions of the switchback rate (the number of switchbacks observed per hour) as a function of distance from the Sun. To distinguish between these theories, one-hour averages of Parker Solar Probe data were averaged over five orbits to find the following: (1) The hourly averaged ... Mozer, F.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Drake, J.~F.; Hanson, E.~L.~M.; Mozer, M.~C.; Published by: \apj      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac110d On the Role of Solar Wind Expansion as a Source of Whistler Waves: Scattering of Suprathermal Electrons and Heat Flux Regulation in the Inner Heliosphere The role of solar wind expansion in generating whistler waves is investigated using the EB-iPic3D code, which models solar wind expansion self-consistently within a fully kinetic semi-implicit approach. The simulation is initialized with an electron velocity distribution function modeled after observations of the Parker Solar Probe during its first perihelion at 0.166 au, consisting of a dense core and an antisunward strahl. This distribution function is initially stable with respect to kinetic instabilities. Expansion drive ... Micera, A.; Zhukov, A.~N.; opez, R.~A.; Boella, E.; Tenerani, A.; Velli, M.; Lapenta, G.; Innocenti, M.~E.; Published by: \apj      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1067 The Evolution of Compressible Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: PSP, THEMIS, and MAVEN Observations The first computations of the compressible energy transfer rate from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.2 up to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde1.7 au is obtained using Parker Solar Probe (PSP), Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS), and Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) observations. Using a recently derived exact relation for isothermal magnetohydrodynamics turbulence, the compressible energy cascade rate, \ensuremath\varepsilon$_C$, is computed for hundred of events at differ ... es, Andr\; Sahraoui, F.; Hadid, L.~Z.; Huang, S.~Y.; Romanelli, N.; Galtier, S.; DiBraccio, G.; Halekas, J.; Published by: \apj      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0af5 Collisional Evolution of the Inner Zodiacal Cloud The zodiacal cloud is one of the largest structures in the solar system and strongly governed by meteoroid collisions near the Sun. Collisional erosion occurs throughout the zodiacal cloud, yet it is historically difficult to directly measure and has never been observed for discrete meteoroid streams. After six orbits with Parker Solar Probe (PSP), its dust impact rates are consistent with at least three distinct populations: bound zodiacal dust grains on elliptic orbits (\ensuremath\alpha-meteoroids), unbound \ensuremath\be ... Szalay, J.~R.; y, Pokorn\; Malaspina, D.~M.; Pusack, A.; Bale, S.~D.; Battams, K.; Gasque, L.~C.; Goetz, K.; Krüger, H.; McComas, D.~J.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Strub, P.; Published by: \psj      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/PSJ/abf928 Effect of Dust Rotational Disruption by Radiative Torques and Implications for the F-corona Decrease Revealed by the Parker Solar Probe The first-year results from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) reveal a Hoang, Thiem; Lazarian, Alex; Lee, Hyeseung; Cho, Kyungsuk; Gu, Pin-Gao; Ng, Chi-Hang; Published by: \apj      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac126e A powerful machine learning technique to extract proton core, beam, and \ensuremath\alpha-particle parameters from velocity distribution functions in space plasmas Context. The analysis of the thermal part of velocity distribution functions (VDFs) is fundamentally important for understanding the kinetic physics that governs the evolution and dynamics of space plasmas. However, calculating the proton core, beam, and \ensuremath\alpha-particle parameters for large data sets of VDFs is a time-consuming and computationally demanding process that always requires supervision by a human expert. \ Aims: We developed a machine learning tool that can extract proton core, beam, and \ensuremath\al ... Vech, D.; Stevens, M.~L.; Paulson, K.~W.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Case, A.~W.; Klein, K.~G.; Kasper, J.~C.; Published by: \aap      Published on: jun YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202141063 Measurement of the open magnetic flux in the inner heliosphere down to 0.13 AU Context. Robustly interpreting sets of in situ spacecraft data of the heliospheric magnetic field (HMF) for the purpose of probing the total unsigned magnetic flux in the heliosphere is critical for constraining global coronal models as well as understanding the large scale structure of the heliosphere itself. The heliospheric flux (\ensuremath\Phi$_H$) is expected to be a spatially conserved quantity with a possible secular dependence on the solar cycle and equal to the measured radial component of the HMF weighted by the s ... Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart; Rouillard, Alexis; Bowen, Trevor; Bonnell, John; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Published by: \aap      Published on: jun YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039407 Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes with Field-aligned Flows via the PSP In Situ Observations Magnetic flux rope, formed by the helical magnetic field lines, can sometimes maintain its shape while carrying significant plasma flow that is aligned with the local magnetic field. We report the existence of such structures and static flux ropes by applying the Grad-Shafranov-based algorithm to the Parker Solar Probe in situ measurements in the first five encounters. These structures are detected at heliocentric distances, ranging from 0.13 to 0.66 au, in a 4-month time period. We find that flux ropes with field-aligned fl ... Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang; Zhao, Lingling; Kasper, Justin; Huang, Jia; Published by: \apj      Published on: jun YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfd30 Anisotropy of Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere at Kinetic Scales: PSP Observations The anisotropy of solar wind turbulence is a critical issue in understanding the physics of energy transfer between scales and energy conversion between fields and particles in the heliosphere. Using the measurement of Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we present an observation of the anisotropy at kinetic scales in the slow, Alfv\ enic, solar wind in the inner heliosphere. The magnetic compressibility behaves as expected for kinetic Alfv\ enic turbulence below the ion scale. A steepened transition range is found between the inertia ... Duan, Die; He, Jiansen; Bowen, Trevor; Woodham, Lloyd; Wang, Tieyan; Chen, Christopher; Mallet, Alfred; Bale, Stuart; Published by: \apjl      Published on: jul YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac07ac First Simultaneous In Situ Measurements of a Coronal Mass Ejection by Parker Solar Probe and STEREO-A We present the first Parker Solar Probe mission (PSP)-observed coronal mass ejection (CME) that hits a second spacecraft before the end of the PSP encounter, providing an excellent opportunity to study short-term CME evolution. The CME was launched from the Sun on 2019 October 10 and was measured in situ at PSP on 2019 October 13 and at STEREO-A on 2019 October 14. The small, but not insignificant, radial (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.15 au) and longitudinal (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde8\textdegree) separation between ... Winslow, Reka; Lugaz, No\; Scolini, Camilla; Galvin, Antoinette; Published by: \apj      Published on: aug YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0821 Characteristics of Interplanetary Discontinuities in the Inner Heliosphere Revealed by Parker Solar Probe We present a statistical analysis for the characteristics and spatial evolution of the interplanetary discontinuities (IDs) in the solar wind, from 0.13-0.9 au, by using the Parker Solar Probe measurements on Orbits 4 and 5. We collected 3948 IDs, including 2511 rotational discontinuities (RDs) and 557 tangential discontinuities (TDs), with the remnant unidentified. The statistical results show that (1) the ID occurrence rate decreases from 200 events per day at 0.13 au to 1 event per day at 0.9 au, following a spatial scali ... Liu, Y.~Y.; Fu, H.~S.; Cao, J.~B.; Liu, C.~M.; Wang, Z.; Guo, Z.~Z.; Xu, Y.; Bale, S.~D.; Kasper, J.~C.; Published by: \apj      Published on: aug YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac06a1 Multi-spacecraft study of the solar wind at solar minimum: Dependence on latitude and transient outflows Context. The recent launches of Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter (SO), and BepiColombo, along with several older spacecraft, have provided the opportunity to study the solar wind at multiple latitudes and distances from the Sun simultaneously. \ Aims: We take advantage of this unique spacecraft constellation, along with low solar activity across two solar rotations between May and July 2020, to investigate how the solar wind structure, including the heliospheric current sheet (HCS), varies with latitude. \ Methods: We visua ... Laker, R.; Horbury, T.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Matteini, L.; Woolley, T.; Woodham, L.~D.; Stawarz, J.~E.; Davies, E.~E.; Eastwood, J.~P.; Owens, M.~J.; Brien, H.; Evans, V.; Angelini, V.; Richter, I.; Heyner, D.; Owen, C.~J.; Louarn, P.; Fedorov, A.; Published by: \aap      Published on: aug YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140679 Evolution of Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejection Complexity: A Numerical Study through a Swarm of Simulated Spacecraft In-situ measurements carried out by spacecraft in radial alignment are critical to advance our knowledge on the evolutionary behavior of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and their magnetic structures during propagation through interplanetary space. Yet, the scarcity of radially aligned CME crossings restricts investigations on the evolution of CME magnetic structures to a few case studies, preventing a comprehensive understanding of CME complexity changes during propagation. In this Letter, we perform numerical simulations of C ... Scolini, Camilla; Winslow, Reka; Lugaz, No\; Poedts, Stefaan; Published by: \apjl      Published on: aug YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac0d58 Large Amplitude Switchback Turbulence: Possible Magnetic Velocity Alignment Structures Switchbacks are widely acknowledged phenomena observed by the Parker Solar Probe and appear to occur in patches. Previous studies focused on the fluctuations at the magnetic reversals. However, the nature of the fluctuations inside the switchbacks remains unknown. Here we utilize the magnetic field data and plasma data measured by the Parker Solar Probe in the first four encounters. We investigate the fluctuations in the switchback intervals of 100 s with $B_R 0$ at every instant and compare them to the fluctuations in the n ... Wu, Honghong; Tu, Chuanyi; Wang, Xin; Yang, Liping; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec6c Applicability of Taylor s hypothesis during Parker Solar Probe perihelia We investigate the validity of Taylor s hypothesis (TH) in the analysis of velocity and magnetic field fluctuations in Alfvénic solar wind streams measured by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during the first four encounters. The analysis is based on a recent model of the spacetime correlation of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence, which has been validated in high-resolution numerical simulations of strong reduced MHD turbulence. We use PSP velocity and magnetic field measurements from 24 h intervals selected from each of the fir ... Perez, Jean; Bourouaine, Sofiane; Chen, Christopher; Raouafi, Nour; Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039879 Detection of small magnetic flux ropes from the third and fourth Parker Solar Probe encounters Context. Aims: We systematically search for magnetic flux rope structures in the solar wind to within the closest distance to the Sun of ~0.13 AU, using data from the third and fourth orbits of the Parker Solar Probe. Methods: We extended our previous magnetic helicity-based technique of identifying magnetic flux rope structures. The method was improved upon to incorporate the azimuthal flow, which becomes larger as the spacecraft approaches the Sun. Results: A total of 21 and 34 magnetic flux ropes are ... Zhao, L.; Zank, G.; Hu, Q.; Telloni, D.; Chen, Y.; Adhikari, L.; Nakanotani, M.; Kasper, J.; Huang, J.; Bale, S.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Whittlesey, P.; Klein, K.; Raouafi, N.; Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039298 Wave-particle energy transfer directly observed in an ion cyclotron wave Context. The first studies with Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data have made significant progress toward understanding of the fundamental properties of ion cyclotron waves in the inner heliosphere. The survey mode particle measurements of PSP, however, did not make it possible to measure the coupling between electromagnetic fields and particles on the time scale of the wave periods. Aims: We present a novel approach to study wave-particle energy exchange with PSP. Methods: We used the Flux Angle operation mode of th ... Vech, D.; Martinovic, M.; Klein, K.; Malaspina, D.; Bowen, T.; Verniero, J.; Paulson, K.; de Wit, Dudok; Kasper, J.; Huang, J.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Mozer, F.; Goodrich, K.; Bale, S.; Whittlesey, P.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; Bonnell, J.; Harvey, P.; Goetz, K.; MacDowall, R.; Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039296 Whistler wave occurrence and the interaction with strahl electrons during the first encounter of Parker Solar Probe Aims: We studied the properties and occurrence of narrowband whistler waves and their interaction with strahl electrons observed between 0.17 and 0.26 au during the first encounter of Parker Solar Probe. Methods: We used Digital Fields Board band-pass filtered (BPF) data from FIELDS to detect the signatures of whistler waves. Additionally parameters derived from the particle distribution functions measured by the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons (SWEAP) instrument suite were used to investigate the plasm ... Jagarlamudi, V.; de Wit, Dudok; Froment, C.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Larosa, A.; Bercic, L.; Agapitov, O.; Halekas, J.; Kretzschmar, M.; Malaspina, D.; Moncuquet, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039808 The active region source of a type III radio storm observed by Parker Solar Probe during encounter 2 Context. We investigated the source of a type III radio burst storm during encounter 2 of NASA s Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission. Aims: It was observed that in encounter 2 of NASA s PSP mission there was a large amount of radio activity and, in particular, a noise storm of frequent, small type III bursts from 31 March to 6 April 2019. Our aim is to investigate the source of these small and frequent bursts. Methods: In order to do this, we analysed data from the Hinode EUV Imaging Spectrometer, PSP FIELDS, and ... Harra, L.; Brooks, D.; Bale, S.; Mandrini, C.; Barczynski, K.; Sharma, R.; Badman, S.; Domínguez, Vargas; Pulupa, M.; Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039514 Periodicities in an active region correlated with Type III radio bursts observed by Parker Solar Probe Context. Periodicities have frequently been reported across many wavelengths in the solar corona. Correlated periods of ~5 min, comparable to solar p-modes, are suggestive of coupling between the photosphere and the corona. Aims: Our study investigates whether there are correlations in the periodic behavior of Type III radio bursts which are indicative of nonthermal electron acceleration processes, and coronal extreme ultraviolet (EUV) emission used to assess heating and cooling in an active region when there are no l ... Cattell, Cynthia; Glesener, Lindsay; Leiran, Benjamin; Dombeck, John; Goetz, Keith; Oliveros, Juan; Badman, Samuel; Pulupa, Marc; Bale, Stuart; Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039510 Direct evidence for magnetic reconnection at the boundaries of magnetic switchbacks with Parker Solar Probe Context. The first encounters of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) with the Sun revealed the presence of ubiquitous localised magnetic deflections in the inner heliosphere; these structures, often called switchbacks, are particularly striking in solar wind streams originating from coronal holes. Aims: We report the direct piece of evidence for magnetic reconnection occurring at the boundaries of three switchbacks crossed by PSP at a distance of 45 to 48 solar radii to the Sun during its first encounter. Methods: We anal ... Froment, C.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; de Wit, Dudok; Agapitov, O.; Fargette, N.; Lavraud, B.; Larosa, A.; Kretzschmar, M.; Jagarlamudi, V.; Velli, M.; Malaspina, D.; Whittlesey, P.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; MacDowall, R.; Mozer, F.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Stevens, M.; Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039806 Switchbacks: statistical properties and deviations from Alfvénicity Context. Parker Solar Probe s first solar encounter has revealed the presence of sudden magnetic field deflections in the slow Alfvénic solar wind. These structures, which are often called switchbacks, are associated with proton velocity enhancements. Aims: We study their statistical properties with a special focus on their boundaries. Methods: Using data from SWEAP and FIELDS, we investigate particle and wavefield properties. The magnetic boundaries are analyzed with the minimum variance technique. Res ... Larosa, A.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; de Wit, Dudok; Agapitov, O.; Froment, C.; Jagarlamudi, V.; Velli, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Stevens, M.; Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039442 Turbulent Proton Heating Rate in the Solar Wind from 545 R Various remote sensing observations have been used so far to probe the turbulent properties of the solar wind. Using the recently reported density modulation indices that are derived using angular broadening observations of Crab Nebula during 19522013, we measured the solar wind proton heating using the kinetic Alfvn wave dispersion equation. The estimated heating rates vary from 1.58 1014 to 1.01 108 erg cm3 s1 in the heliocentric distance range of 545 R. Further, we found that he ... Raja, Sasikumar; Subramanian, Prasad; Ingale, Madhusudan; Ramesh, R.; Maksimovic, Milan; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfcd1 Using Parker Solar Probe observations during the first four perihelia to constrain global magnetohydrodynamic models Context. Parker Solar Probe (PSP) is providing an unprecedented view of the Sun s corona as it progressively dips closer into the solar atmosphere with each solar encounter. Each set of observations provides a unique opportunity to test and constrain global models of the solar corona and inner heliosphere and, in turn, use the model results to provide a global context for interpreting such observations. Aims: In this study, we develop a set of global magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model solutions of varying degrees of soph ... Riley, Pete; Lionello, Roberto; Caplan, Ronald; Downs, Cooper; Linker, Jon; Badman, Samuel; Stevens, Michael; Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039815 Multiscale Solar Wind Turbulence Properties inside and near Switchbacks Measured by the Parker Solar Probe The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) routinely observes magnetic field deflections in the solar wind at distances less than 0.3 au from the Sun. These deflections are related to structures commonly called "switchbacks" (SBs), whose origins and characteristic properties are currently debated. Here, we use a database of visually selected SB intervals—and regions of solar wind plasma measured just before and after each SB—to examine plasma parameters, turbulent spectra from inertial to dissipation scales, and intermittency ... Martinovic, Mihailo; Klein, Kristopher; Huang, Jia; Chandran, Benjamin; Kasper, Justin; Lichko, Emily; Bowen, Trevor; Chen, Christopher; Matteini, Lorenzo; Stevens, Michael; Case, Anthony; Bale, Stuart; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abebe5 An approximate analytic solution to the coupled problems of coronal heating and solar-wind acceleration Between the base of the solar corona at $r=r_\textrm b$ and the Alfvén critical point at $r=r_\textrm A$, where $r$ is heliocentric distance, the solar-wind density decreases by a factor $\mathop > \limits_∼ 10^5$, but the plasma temperature varies by a factor of only a few. In this paper, I show that such quasi-isothermal evolution out to $r=r_\textrm A$ is a generic property of outflows powered by reflection-driven Alfvén-wave (AW) turbulence, in which outward-propagating AWs partially reflect, and counter-propagating ... Chandran, Benjamin; Published by: Journal of Plasma Physics      Published on: 05/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1017/S0022377821000052 On the violation of the zeroth law of turbulence in space plasmas The zeroth law of turbulence states that, for fixed energy input into large-scale motions, the statistical steady state of a turbulent system is independent of microphysical dissipation properties. This behaviour, which is fundamental to nearly all fluid-like systems from industrial processes to galaxies, occurs because nonlinear processes generate smaller and smaller scales in the flow, until the dissipation - no matter how small - can thermalise the energy input. Using direct numerical simulations and theoretical arguments ... Meyrand, R.; Squire, J.; Schekochihin, A.; Dorland, W.; Published by: Journal of Plasma Physics      Published on: 05/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1017/S0022377821000489 How Alfvén waves energize the solar wind: heat versus work A growing body of evidence suggests that the solar wind is powered to a large extent by an Alfvén-wave (AW) energy flux. AWs energize the solar wind via two mechanisms: heating and work. We use high-resolution direct numerical simulations of reflection-driven AW turbulence (RDAWT) in a fast-solar-wind stream emanating from a coronal hole to investigate both mechanisms. In particular, we compute the fraction of the AW power at the coronal base ($P_\textrm AWb$) that is transferred to solar-wind particles via heating between ... Perez, Jean; Chandran, Benjamin; Klein, Kristopher; Martinovic, Mihailo; Published by: Journal of Plasma Physics      Published on: 04/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1017/S0022377821000167 Subproton-scale Intermittency in Near-Sun Solar Wind Turbulence Observed by the Parker Solar Probe High time-resolution solar wind magnetic field data are employed to study statistics describing intermittency near the first perihelion (∼35.6 R⊙) of the Parker Solar Probe mission. A merged data set employing two instruments on the FIELDS suite enables broadband estimation of higher-order moments of magnetic field increments, with five orders established with reliable accuracy. The duration, cadence, and low noise level of the data permit evaluation of scale dependence of the observed intermittency from the i ... Chhiber, Rohit; Matthaeus, William; Bowen, Trevor; Bale, Stuart; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf04e Parker Solar Probe Evidence for Scattering of Electrons in the Young Solar Wind by Narrowband Whistler-mode Waves Observations of plasma waves by the Fields Suite and of electrons by the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons Investigation on the Parker Solar Probe provide strong evidence for pitch angle scattering of strahl-energy electrons by narrowband whistler-mode waves at radial distances less than ∼0.3 au. We present two example intervals of a few hours each that include eight waveform captures with whistler-mode waves and 26 representative electron distributions that are examined in detail. Two were narrow, seventeen were cle ... Cattell, C.; Breneman, A.; Dombeck, J.; Short, B.; Wygant, J.; Halekas, J.; Case, Tony; Kasper, J.; Larson, D.; Stevens, Mike; Whittesley, P.; Bale, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goodrich, K.; MacDowall, R.; Moncuquet, M.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abefdd Evolving solar wind flow properties of magnetic inversions observed by Helios Macneil, Allan; Owens, Mathew; Wicks, Robert; Lockwood, Mike; Published by: \mnras      Published on: 03/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa3983 Switchbacks Explained: Super-Parker Fields—The Other Side of the Sub-Parker Spiral We provide a simple geometric explanation for the source of switchbacks and associated large and one-sided transverse flows in the solar wind observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). The more radial, sub-Parker spiral structure of the heliospheric magnetic field observed previously by Ulysses, ACE, and STEREO is created within rarefaction regions where footpoint motion from the source of fast into slow wind at the Sun creates a magnetic fieldline connection across solar wind speed shear. Conversely, when footpoints move fro ... Schwadron, N.; McComas, D.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd4e6 The Encounter of the Parker Solar Probe and a Comet-like Object Near the Sun: Model Predictions and Measurements The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) aims to explore the nascent solar wind close to the Sun. Meanwhile, PSP is also expected to encounter small objects like comets and asteroids. In this work, we survey the ephemerides to find the chance of a recent encounter and then model the interaction between released dusty plasmas and solar wind plasmas. On 2019 September 2, a comet-like object, the 322P/Solar and Heliosphere Observatory, just passed its perihelion flying to a heliocentric distance of 0.12 au and swept by PSP at a relative di ... He, Jiansen; Cui, Bo; Yang, Liping; Hou, Chuanpeng; Zhang, Lei; Ip, Wing-Huen; Jia, Ying-Dong; Dong, Chuanfei; Duan, Die; Zong, Qiugang; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Bonnell, John; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abdf4a Source-dependent Properties of Two Slow Solar Wind States Two states of the slow solar wind are identified from in situ measurements by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) inside 50 solar radii from the Sun. At such distances the wind measured by PSP has not yet undergone significant transformation related to the expansion and propagation of the wind. We focus in this study on the properties of the quiet solar wind with no magnetic switchbacks. The two states differ by their plasma beta, flux, and magnetic pressure. PSP s magnetic connectivity established with potential field source surfa ... Griton, Lea; Rouillard, Alexis; Poirier, Nicolas; Issautier, Karine; Moncuquet, Michel; Pinto, Rui; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abe309 Inferred Linear Stability of Parker Solar Probe Observations Using One- and Two-component Proton Distributions The hot and diffuse nature of the Sun s extended atmosphere allows it to persist in non-equilibrium states for long enough that wave-particle instabilities can arise and modify the evolution of the expanding solar wind. Determining which instabilities arise, and how significant a role they play in governing the dynamics of the solar wind, has been a decades-long process involving in situ observations at a variety of radial distances. With new measurements from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we can study what wave modes are dr ... Klein, K.; Verniero, J.; Alterman, B.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Lichko, E.; Livi, R.; McManus, M.; Martinovic, M.; Rahmati, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7a0 The Ion Transition Range of Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe Observations The scaling of the turbulent spectra provides a key measurement that allows us to discriminate between different theoretical predictions of turbulence. In the solar wind, this has driven a large number of studies dedicated to this issue using in situ data from various orbiting spacecraft. While a semblance of consensus exists regarding the scaling in the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and dispersive ranges, the precise scaling in the transition range and the actual physical mechanisms that control it remain open questions. Using ... Huang, S; Sahraoui, F.; Andrés, N.; Hadid, L.; Yuan, Z.; He, J.; Zhao, J.; Galtier, S.; Zhang, J.; Deng, X.; Jiang, K.; Yu, L.; Xu, S.; Xiong, Q; Wei, Y; de Wit, Dudok; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abdaaf A Self-consistent Simulation of Proton Acceleration and Transport Near a High-speed Solar Wind Stream Wijsen, Nicolas; Samara, Evangelia; Aran, Angels; Lario, David; Pomoell, Jens; Poedts, Stefaan; Published by: \apjl      Published on: 02/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abe1cb Characteristics of Magnetic Holes in the Solar Wind Revealed by Parker Solar Probe Yu, L.; Huang, S.~Y.; Yuan, Z.~G.; Jiang, K.; Xiong, Q.~Y.; Xu, S.~B.; Wei, Y.~Y.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, Z.~H.; Published by: \apj      Published on: 02/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb9a8 Harmonic Radio Emission in Randomly Inhomogeneous Plasma In the present paper, we describe a theoretical model of the generation of harmonic emissions of type III solar radio bursts. The goal of our study is to fully take into account the most efficient physical processes involved in the generation of harmonic electromagnetic emission via nonlinear coupling of Langmuir waves in randomly inhomogeneous plasma of solar wind ( $l+l^\prime \to t$ ). We revisit the conventional mechanism of coalescence of primarily generated and back-scattered Langmuir waves in quasihomogeneous plasma. ... Tkachenko, Anna; Krasnoselskikh, Vladimir; Voshchepynets, Andrii; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 02/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd2bd Random Walk and Trapping of Interplanetary Magnetic Field Lines: Global Simulation, Magnetic Connectivity, and Implications for Solar Energetic Particles The random walk of magnetic field lines is an important ingredient in understanding how the connectivity of the magnetic field affects the spatial transport and diffusion of charged particles. As solar energetic particles propagate away from near-solar sources, they interact with the fluctuating magnetic field, which modifies their distributions. We develop a formalism in which the differential equation describing the field line random walk contains both effects due to localized magnetic displacements and a non-stochastic co ... Chhiber, Rohit; Ruffolo, David; Matthaeus, William; Usmanov, Arcadi; Tooprakai, Paisan; Chuychai, Piyanate; Goldstein, Melvyn; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 02/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7f0 2020 Bi-directional streaming of particles accelerated at the STEREO-A shock on 2008 March 9 Fraschetti, F.; Giacalone, J.; Published by: \mnras      Published on: 12/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa3021 Novel aspects of cosmic ray diffusion in synthetic magnetic turbulence Dundovic, Andrej; Pezzi, Oreste; Blasi, Pasquale; Evoli, Carmelo; Matthaeus, William; Published by: \prd      Published on: 11/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.102.103016 Oblique Tearing Mode Instability: Guide Field and Hall Effect Shi, Chen; Velli, Marco; Pucci, Fulvia; Tenerani, Anna; Innocenti, Maria; Published by: \apj      Published on: 10/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb6fa Low-cost precursor of an interstellar mission Heller, Ren\; e, Guillem; Hippke, Michael; Kervella, Pierre; Published by: \aap      Published on: 09/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202038687 The Electromagnetic Signature of Outward Propagating Ion-scale Waves First results from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission have revealed ubiquitous coherent ion-scale waves in the inner heliosphere, which are signatures of kinetic wave-particle interactions and fluid instabilities. However, initial studies of the circularly polarized ion-scale waves observed by PSP have only thoroughly analyzed magnetic field signatures, precluding a determination of solar wind frame propagation direction and intrinsic wave polarization. A comprehensive determination of wave properties requires measureme ... Bowen, Trevor; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Larson, Davin; Mallet, Alfred; McManus, Michael; Mozer, Forrest; Pulupa, Marc; Vasko, Ivan; Verniero, J.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 08/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab9f37 Kinetic Scale Slow Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: Coexistence of Kinetic Alfv\ en Waves and Alfv\ en Ion Cyclotron Waves The nature of the plasma wave modes around the ion kinetic scales in highly Alfv\ enic slow solar wind turbulence is investigated using data from the NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe taken in the inner heliosphere, at 0.18 au from the Sun. The joint distribution of the normalized reduced magnetic helicity σm (θRB, τ) is obtained, where θRB is the angle between the local mean magnetic field and the radial direction and τ is the temporal scale. Two populations around ion scales a ... Huang, S; Zhang, J.; Sahraoui, F.; He, J.; Yuan, Z.; es, Andr\; Hadid, L.; Deng, X.; Jiang, K.; Yu, L.; Xiong, Q; Wei, Y; Xu, S.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 07/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab9abb Constraining Ion-Scale Heating and Spectral Energy Transfer in Observations of Plasma Turbulence We perform a statistical study of the turbulent power spectrum at inertial and kinetic scales observed during the first perihelion encounter of the Parker Solar Probe. We find that often there is an extremely steep scaling range of the power spectrum just above the ion-kinetic scales, similar to prior observations at 1 A.U., with a power-law index of around -4 . Based on our measurements, we demonstrate that either a significant (\>50 \%) fraction of the total turbulent energy flux is dissipated in this range of scales ... Bowen, Trevor; Mallet, Alfred; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Case, Anthony; Chandran, Benjamin; Chasapis, Alexandros; Chen, Christopher; Duan, Die; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Halekas, Jasper; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, J.; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; McManus, Michael; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Published by: Physical Review Letters      Published on: 07/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.025102

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