PSP Bibliography


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Found 691 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 1 through 50


Structure of the Plasma near the Heliospheric Current Sheet as Seen by WISPR/Parker Solar Probe from inside the Streamer Belt

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) crossed the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) near the perihelion on encounters E8 and E11, enabling the Wide- field Imager for Solar Probe (WISPR) to image the streamer belt plasma in high resolution while flying through it. With perihelia of 16 R $_\ensuremath\odot$ and 13 R $_\ensuremath\odot$ for E8 and E11, respectively, WISPR images enable investigation of the structure of density encasing the HCS at much higher resolution than reported previously. As PSP flies closer to the Sun, fine-scale stru ...

Liewer, Paulett; Vourlidas, Angelos; Stenborg, Guillermo; Howard, Russell; Qiu, Jiong; Penteado, Paulo; Panasenco, Olga; Braga, Carlos;

Published by: \apj      Published on: may

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/acc8c7

Parker Data Used; Solar coronal streamers; Solar K corona; 1486; 2042

Direct observation of solar wind proton heating from in situ plasma measurements

\ Aims: We determine the perpendicular and parallel proton heating rate in the solar wind, which is one of the primary goals of the Parker Solar Probe mission. \ Methods: To estimate the perpendicular and parallel proton heating rates from direct particle measurements by the SPAN electrostatic analyzers, the strong correlation between the proton temperature and the solar wind speed must be removed. This speed dependence is removed by normalization factors that convert the instantaneous temperature to the value it would have ...

Mozer, F.~S.; Agapitov, O.~V.; Kasper, J.~C.; Livi, R.; Romeo, O.; Vasko, I.~Y.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: may

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202346202

Parker Data Used; Sun: fundamental parameters; Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind

Modeling CME encounters at Parker Solar Probe with OSPREI: Dependence on photospheric and coronal conditions

Context. Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are eruptions of plasma from the Sun that travel through interplanetary space and may encounter Earth. CMEs often enclose a magnetic flux rope (MFR), the orientation of which largely determines the CMEs geoeffectiveness. Current operational CME models do not model MFRs, but a number of research ones do, including the Open Solar Physics Rapid Ensemble Information (OSPREI) model. \ Aims: We report the sensitivity of OSPREI to a range of user-selected photospheric and coronal conditions. ...

Ledvina, Vincent; Palmerio, Erika; Kay, Christina; Al-Haddad, Nada; Riley, Pete;

Published by: \aap      Published on: may

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202245445

Parker Data Used; Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs); Sun: photosphere; Sun: magnetic fields; Solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Fundamental solution of diffusion equation for Kappa gas: Diffusion length for suprathermal electrons in solar wind

A recent numerical treatment of data obtained by the Parker Solar Probe spacecraft describes the electron concentration in solar wind as a function of the heliocentric distance based on a Kappa

Benetti, M.~H.; Silveira, F.~E.~M.; Caldas, I.~L.;

Published by: \pre      Published on: may

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.107.055212

Parker Data Used

Unexpected energetic particle observations near the Sun by Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter

Solar energetic particles (SEPs) from suprathermal (few keV) up to relativistic (\ensuremath\simfew GeV) energies are accelerated at the Sun in association with solar flares and coronal mass ejection-driven shock waves. Although our knowledge of the origin, acceleration, and transport of these particles from close to the Sun through the interplanetary medium has advanced dramatically in the last 40 years, many puzzles have still remained unsolved due to the scarcity of in situ measurements well inside 1 AU. Furthermore, ener ...

Malandraki, O.~E.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Giacalone, J.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Chhiber, R.; McComas, D.~J.; iguez-Pacheco, Rodr\; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.~F.; Ho, G.~C.;

Published by: Physics of Plasmas      Published on: may

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1063/5.0147683

Parker Data Used

The S-Web Origin of Composition Enhancement in the Slow-to-moderate Speed Solar Wind

Connecting the solar wind observed throughout the heliosphere to its origins in the solar corona is one of the central aims of heliophysics. The variability in the magnetic field, bulk plasma, and heavy ion composition properties of the slow wind are thought to result from magnetic reconnection processes in the solar corona. We identify regions of enhanced variability and composition in the solar wind from 2003 April 15 to May 13 (Carrington Rotation 2002), observed by the Wind and Advanced Composition Explorer spacecraft, a ...

Lynch, B.~J.; Viall, N.~M.; Higginson, A.~K.; Zhao, L.; Lepri, S.~T.; Sun, X.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: may

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/acc38c

Parker Data Used; Slow solar wind; Solar magnetic reconnection; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar Physics; Solar magnetic fields; Heliosphere; 1873; 1504; 1544; 830; 1476; 1503; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Constraining a Model of the Radio Sky below 6 MHz Using the Parker Solar Probe/FIELDS Instrument in Preparation for Upcoming Lunar-based Experiments

We present a Bayesian analysis of data from the FIELDS instrument on board the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft with the aim of constraining low-frequency (\ensuremath\lesssim6 MHz) sky in preparation for several upcoming lunar-based experiments. We utilize data recorded during PSP s coning roll maneuvers, in which the axis of the spacecraft is pointed 45\textdegree off of the Sun. The spacecraft then rotates about a line between the Sun and the spacecraft with a period of 24 minutes. We reduce the data into two formats: ...

Bassett, Neil; Rapetti, David; Nhan, Bang; Page, Brent; Burns, Jack; Pulupa, Marc; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/acbc76

Parker Data Used; Radio astronomy; Astronomy data analysis; Bayesian statistics; Nested sampling; Cosmology; Interstellar synchrotron emission; Interstellar absorption; 1338; 1858; 1900; 1894; 343; 856; 831; Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Magnetic Reconnection as the Driver of the Solar Wind

We present EUV solar observations showing evidence for omnipresent jetting activity driven by small-scale magnetic reconnection at the base of the solar corona. We argue that the physical mechanism that heats and drives the solar wind at its source is ubiquitous magnetic reconnection in the form of small-scale jetting activity (a.k.a. jetlets). This jetting activity, like the solar wind and the heating of the coronal plasma, is ubiquitous regardless of the solar cycle phase. Each event arises from small-scale reconnection of ...

Raouafi, Nour; Stenborg, G.; Seaton, D.~B.; Wang, H.; Wang, J.; DeForest, C.~E.; Bale, S.~D.; Drake, J.~F.; Uritsky, V.~M.; Karpen, J.~T.; DeVore, C.~R.; Sterling, A.~C.; Horbury, T.~S.; Harra, L.~K.; Bourouaine, S.; Kasper, J.~C.; Kumar, P.; Phan, T.~D.; Velli, M.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/acaf6c

Parker Data Used; Solar corona; Solar wind; magnetic fields; Solar magnetic reconnection; 1483; 1534; 994; 1504; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

A statistical study of the compressible energy cascade rate in solar wind turbulence: Parker solar probe observations

We investigated incompressible and compressible magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) energy cascade rates in the solar wind at different heliocentric distances. We used in situ magnetic field and plasma observations provided by the Parker Solar Probe mission and exact relations in fully developed turbulence. To estimate the compressible cascade rate, we applied two recent exact relations for compressible isothermal and polytropic MHD turbulence, respectively. Our observational results show a clear increase in the absolute value of the ...

Brodiano, M.; Dmitruk, P.; es, Andr\;

Published by: Physics of Plasmas      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1063/5.0109379

Parker Data Used; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Statistical Study of Ejections in Coronal Hole Regions As Possible Sources of Solar Wind Switchbacks and Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes

The omnipresence of transient fluctuations in the solar wind, such as switchbacks (SBs) and small-scale magnetic flux ropes (SMFRs), have been well observed by the in situ observation of Parker Solar Probe (PSP), yet their sources are not clear. Possible candidates fall into two categories: solar origin and in situ generation in the solar wind. Among the solar-origin scenarios, the small-scale activities (such as ejections and eruptions) in coronal hole (CH) regions, where solar wind originates, are suggested as candidates. ...

Huang, Nengyi; Anna, Sophia; Wang, Haimin;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/acc0f1

Parker Data Used; Solar coronal holes; Solar coronal transients; Jets; 1484; 312; 870

Time Dependence of 50-250 MeV Galactic Cosmic-Ray Protons between Solar Cycles 24 and 25, Measured by the High-energy Particle Detector on board the CSES-01 Satellite

Time-dependent energy spectra of galactic cosmic rays (GCRs) carry crucial information regarding their origin and propagation throughout the interstellar environment. When observed at the Earth, after traversing the interplanetary medium, such spectra are heavily affected by the solar wind and the embedded solar magnetic field permeating the inner sectors of the heliosphere. The activity of the Sun changes significantly over an 11 yr solar cycle-and so does the effect on cosmic particles; this translates into a phenomenon ca ...

Martucci, M.; Ammendola, R.; Badoni, D.; Bartocci, S.; Battiston, R.; Beolè, S.; Burger, W.~J.; Campana, D.; Castellini, G.; Cipollone, P.; Coli, S.; Conti, L.; Contin, A.; Cristoforetti, M.; Angelo, G.; De Donato, C.; De Santis, C.; Di Luca, A.; Follega, F.~M.; Gebbia, G.; Iuppa, R.; Lega, A.; Lolli, M.; Marcelli, N.; Masciantonio, G.; Mergè, M.; Mese, M.; Neubüser, C.; Nozzoli, F.; Oliva, A.; Osteria, G.; Pacini, L.; Palma, F.; Palmonari, F.; Panico, B.; Parmentier, A.; Perciballi, S.; Perfetto, F.; Picozza, P.; Pozzato, M.; Rebustini, G.~M.; Ricci, E.; Ricci, M.; Ricciarini, S.~B.; Savino, U.; Sahnoun, Z.; Scotti, V.; Sotgiu, A.; Sparvoli, R.; Ubertini, P.; Vilona, V.; Vitale, V.; Zoffoli, S.; Zuccon, P.; Aslam, O.~P.~M.; Ngobeni, M.~D.; Potgieter, M.~S.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/acbea7

Parker Data Used; Active sun; Heliosphere; Galactic cosmic rays; 18; 711; 567

Arguments for the physical nature of the triggered ion-acoustic waves observed on the Parker Solar Probe

Triggered ion-acoustic waves are a pair of coupled waves observed in the previously unexplored plasma regime near the Sun. They may be capable of producing important effects on the solar wind. Because this wave mode has not been observed or studied previously and it is not fully understood, the issue of whether it has a natural origin or is an instrumental artifact can be raised. This paper discusses this issue by examining 13 features of the data such as whether the triggered ion-acoustic waves are electrostatic, whether th ...

Mozer, Forrest; Bale, Stuart; Kellogg, Paul; Romeo, Orlando; Vasko, Ivan; Verniero, Jaye;

Published by: Physics of Plasmas      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1063/5.0151423

Parker Data Used; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Formation, Structure, and Detectability of the Geminids Meteoroid Stream

The Geminids meteoroid stream produces one of the most intense meteor showers at Earth. It is an unusual stream in that its parent body is understood to be an asteroid, (3200) Phaethon, unlike most streams, which are formed via ongoing cometary activity. Until recently, our primary understanding of this stream came from Earth-based measurements of the Geminids meteor shower. However, the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft has transited near the core of the stream close to its perihelion and provides a new platform to better ...

Cukier, W.~Z.; Szalay, J.~R.;

Published by: \psj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/PSJ/acd538

Parker Data Used; Meteoroid dust clouds; Interplanetary dust; Zodiacal cloud; 1039; 821; 1845; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics

Interchange reconnection as the source of the fast solar wind within coronal holes

The fast solar wind that fills the heliosphere originates from deep within regions of open magnetic field on the Sun called coronal holes . The energy source responsible for accelerating the plasma is widely debated; however, there is evidence that it is ultimately magnetic in nature, with candidate mechanisms including wave heating$^1,2$ and interchange reconnection$^3-5$. The coronal magnetic field near the solar surface is structured on scales associated with supergranulation convection cells, whereby descending flows ...

Bale, S.~D.; Drake, J.~F.; McManus, M.~D.; Desai, M.~I.; Badman, S.~T.; Larson, D.~E.; Swisdak, M.; Horbury, T.~S.; Raouafi, N.~E.; Phan, T.; Velli, M.; McComas, D.~J.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Mitchell, D.; Panasenco, O.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \nat      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1038/s41586-023-05955-3

Parker Data Used; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

A Dust Detection Database for the Inner Heliosphere Using the Parker Solar Probe Spacecraft

A database of in situ dust impact detections made by the Parker Solar Probe spacecraft is created to facilitate studies of interplanetary dust dynamics in the inner heliosphere. A standardized dust detection methodology is established and tested for validity. Individual impact detections are included in the database, and are used to derive dust impact rates. Impact rates are corrected for effects related to high-amplitude plasma waves and undercounting due to finite detection window duration. These corrections suggest that: ...

Malaspina, David; Toma, Alexandru; Szalay, Jamey; Pulupa, Marc; y, Petr; Bale, Stuart; Goetz, Keith;

Published by: \apjs      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/acca75

Parker Data Used; Interplanetary dust; Solar wind; space vehicles; Zodiacal cloud; Astronomy databases; 821; 1534; 1549; 1845; 83

New Observations of Solar Wind 1/f Turbulence Spectrum from Parker Solar Probe

The trace magnetic power spectrum in the solar wind is known to be characterized by a double power law at scales much larger than the proton gyro-radius, with flatter spectral exponents close to -1 found at the lower frequencies below an inertial range with indices closer to [-1.5, -1.67]. The origin of the 1/f range is still under debate. In this study, we selected 109 magnetically incompressible solar wind intervals (\ensuremath\delta\ensuremath\mid B \ensuremath\mid/\ensuremath\mid B \ensuremath\mid \ensuremath\ll 1) from ...

Huang, Zesen; Sioulas, Nikos; Shi, Chen; Velli, Marco; Bowen, Trevor; Davis, Nooshin; Chandran, B.~D.~G.; Matteini, Lorenzo; Kang, Ning; Shi, Xiaofei; Huang, Jia; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, J.~C.; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Rahmati, Ali; Paulson, Kristoff; Stevens, M.; Case, A.~W.; de Wit, Thierry; Malaspina, David; Bonnell, J.~W.; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/acd7f2

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; Heliosphere; Alfven waves; 1534; 830; 1964; 1544; 711; 23; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Fluid Dynamics; Physics - Geophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Occurrence and Evolution of Switchbacks in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe Observations

Since its launch in 2018, the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission revealed the presence of numerous fascinating phenomena occurring closer to the Sun, such as the presence of ubiquitous switchbacks (SBs). The SBs are large magnetic field deflections of the local magnetic field relative to a background field. We investigated the statistical properties of the SBs during the first 10 encounters between 13.28 and 58 solar radii (R $_\ensuremath\odot$) using data from the SWEAP and FIELDS suites on board PSP. We find that the occurr ...

Jagarlamudi, Vamsee; Raouafi, N.~E.; Bourouaine, S.; Mostafavi, P.; Larosa, A.; Perez, J.~C.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/acd778

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary magnetic fields; 1534; 824

Nature, Generation, and Dissipation of Alfv\ enic Kinks/Switchbacks Observed by Parker Solar Probe and WIND

The discovery of very prominent magnetic kinks/switchbacks in the solar wind within 0.3 au has become a scientific highlight of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission. This discovery points at the promising impact of small-scale solar activity on the inner heliosphere. To address the nature, generation, and dissipation of these kinks, we perform a statistical analysis of the plasma and boundary properties of the kinks using PSP multi-encounter observations and WIND measurements at 1 au. The kinks show strong Alfv\ enicity and ...

Hou, Chuanpeng; Zhu, Xingyu; Zhuo, Rui; He, Jiansen; Verscharen, Daniel; Duan, Die;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/accf94

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Interplanetary discontinuities; 1534; 830; 820

The Evolution of the 1/f Range within a Single Fast-solar-wind Stream between 17.4 and 45.7 Solar Radii

The power spectrum of magnetic field fluctuations in the fast solar wind (V $_SW$ > 500 km s$^-1$) at magnetohydrodynamic scales is characterized by two different power laws on either side of a break frequency f $_b$. The low-frequency range at frequencies f smaller than f $_b$ is often viewed as the energy reservoir that feeds the turbulent cascade at f > f $_b$. At heliocentric distances r exceeding 60 solar radii (R $_s$), the power spectrum often has a 1/f scaling at f < f $_b$, i.e., the spectral index is close to -1. I ...

Davis, Nooshin; Chandran, B.~D.~G.; Bowen, T.~A.; Badman, S.~T.; de Wit, Dudok; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Bale, S.~D.; Huang, Zesen; Sioulas, Nikos; Velli, Marco;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/acd177

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; 1964; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Anterograde Collisional Analysis of Solar Wind Ions

Owing to its low density and high temperature, the solar wind frequently exhibits strong departures from local thermodynamic equilibrium, which include distinct temperatures for its constituent ions. Prior studies have found that the ratio of the temperatures of the two most abundant ions-protons (ionized hydrogen) and \ensuremath\alpha-particles (ionized helium)-is strongly correlated with the Coulomb collisional age. These previous studies, though, have been largely limited to using observations from single missions. In co ...

Johnson, E.; Maruca, B.~A.; McManus, M.; Klein, K.~G.; Lichko, E.~R.; Verniero, J.; Paulson, K.~W.; DeWeese, H.; Dieguez, I.; Qudsi, R.~A.; Kasper, J.; Stevens, M.; Alterman, B.~L.; Wilson, L.~B.; Livi, R.; Rahmati, A.; Larson, D.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/accc32

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Collision physics; Plasma physics; 1534; 2065; 2089

Compressible Turbulence in the Near-Sun Solar Wind: Parker Solar Probe s First Eight Perihelia

Many questions remain about the compressibility of solar wind turbulence with respect to its origins and properties. Low plasma beta (ratio of thermal to magnetic pressure) environments allow for the easier generation of compressible turbulence, enabling study of the relationship between density fluctuations and turbulent Mach number. Utilizing Parker Solar Probe plasma data, we examine the normalized proton density fluctuations $\langle \delta n_p^2\rangle ^1/2/\langle n_p\rangle

Cuesta, Manuel; Chhiber, Rohit; Fu, Xiangrong; Du, Senbei; Yang, Yan; Pecora, Francesco; Matthaeus, William; Li, Hui; Steinberg, John; Guo, Fan; Gan, Zhaoming; Conrad, Emma; Swanson, Diana;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/acd4c2

Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; Plasma physics; Space plasmas; 830; 2089; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Investigating Coronal Holes and CMEs as Sources of Brightness Depletion Detected in PSP/WISPR Images

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission provides a unique opportunity to observe the solar corona from distances below 20 R $_☉$. In this work, we utilize white light images from the Wide-field Imager for Solar PRobe aboard the PSP from solar encounters 10 through 13 to examine the causes of brightness depletions of the corona during the rapid transit of PSP through the perihelia of its orbit. We analyze the effect of (1) coronal holes (CHs) and (2) energetic coronal mass ejection (CME) events on the observed brightness of th ...

Stenborg, Guillermo; Paouris, Evangelos; Howard, Russell; Vourlidas, Angelos; Hess, Phillip;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/acd2cf

Parker Data Used; Solar F corona; Solar K corona; Solar coronal holes; Solar wind; Solar coronal mass ejections; Interplanetary dust; 1991; 2042; 1484; 1534; 310; 821

Small-scale EUV features as the drivers of coronal upflows in the quiet Sun

Context. Coronal upflows in the quiet Sun are seen in a wide range of features, including jets and filament eruptions. The in situ measurements from Parker Solar Probe within \ensuremath\approx0.2 au have demonstrated that the solar wind is highly structured, showing abrupt and near-ubiquitous magnetic field reversals (i.e., switchbacks) on different timescales. The source of these structures has been associated with supergranular structures on the solar disc. This raises the question of whether there are additional small co ...

Schwanitz, Conrad; Harra, Louise; Mandrini, Cristina; Sterling, Alphonse; Raouafi, Nour; Cormack, Cecilia; Berghmans, David; Auchère, Fr\; Barczynski, Krzysztof; Cuadrado, Regina; Buchlin, Eric; Kraaikamp, Emil; Long, David; Parenti, Susanna; Peter, Hardi; Rodriguez, Luciano; Schühle, Udo; Smith, Phil; Teriaca, Luca; Verbeeck, Cis; Zhukov, Andrei;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202346036

Parker Data Used; Sun: corona; Solar wind; Sun: UV radiation

The 17 April 2021 widespread solar energetic particle event

Context. A complex and long-lasting solar eruption on 17 April 2021 produced a widespread solar energetic particle (SEP) event that was observed by five longitudinally well-separated observers in the inner heliosphere that covered distances to the Sun from 0.42 to 1 au: BepiColombo, Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter, STEREO A, and near-Earth spacecraft. The event was the second widespread SEP event detected in solar cycle 25, and it produced relativistic electrons and protons. It was associated with a long-lasting solar hard ...

Dresing, N.; ia, Rodr\; Jebaraj, I.~C.; Warmuth, A.; Wallace, S.; Balmaceda, L.; Podladchikova, T.; Strauss, R.~D.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Palmroos, C.; Krupar, V.; Gieseler, J.; Xu, Z.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Palmerio, E.; Carcaboso, F.; Kilpua, E.~K.~J.; Trotta, D.; Auster, U.; Asvestari, E.; da Silva, D.; Dröge, W.; Getachew, T.; omez-Herrero, R.; Grande, M.; Heyner, D.; Holmström, M.; Huovelin, J.; Kartavykh, Y.; Laurenza, M.; Lee, C.~O.; Mason, G.; Maksimovic, M.; Mieth, J.; Murakami, G.; Oleynik, P.; Pinto, M.; Pulupa, M.; Richter, I.; iguez-Pacheco, Rodr\; anchez-Cano, B.; Schuller, F.; Ueno, H.; Vainio, R.; Vecchio, A.; Veronig, A.~M.; Wijsen, N.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202345938

Parker Data Used; Sun: particle emission; Sun: heliosphere; Sun: flares; Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs); Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Total electron temperature derived from quasi-thermal noise spectroscopy in the pristine solar wind from Parker Solar Probe observations

\ Aims: We applied the quasi-thermal noise (QTN) method to Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations to derive the total electron temperature (T$_e$). We combined a set of encounters to make up a 12-day period of observations around each perihelion from encounter one (E01) to ten (E10), with E08 not included. Here, the heliocentric distance varies from about 13 to 60 solar radii (R$_\ensuremath\odot$). \ Methods: The QTN technique is a reliable tool to yield accurate measurements of the electron parameters in the solar wind. We ...

Liu, M.; Issautier, K.; Moncuquet, M.; Meyer-Vernet, N.; Maksimovic, M.; Huang, J.; Martinovic, M.~M.; Griton, L.; Chrysaphi, N.; Jagarlamudi, V.~K.; Bale, S.~D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Stevens, M.~L.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202245450

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Sun: heliosphere; Sun: corona; methods: data analysis; plasmas; acceleration of particles; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Whole Heliosphere and Planetary Interactions (WHPI): The Big Picture on Solar Cycle Minima

The Whole Heliosphere and Planetary Interactions (WHPI) is an international initiative to study the most recent solar minimum and its impact on the interconnected solar-heliospheric- planetary system by facilitating and encouraging interdisciplinary activities. Particular WHPI science foci include the global connected structure of the heliosphere and planetary space environments/atmospheres, the origins and impacts of high-speed solar wind streams, coronal mass ejections from Sun-to-Heliopause, and comparative solar minima. ...

Gibson, Sarah; Allen, Robert; de Toma, Giuliana; Emery, Barbara; Gasperini, Federico; Hewins, Ian; Hudson, Mary; Qian, Liying; Thompson, Barbara;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1029/2023JA031550

Parker Data Used

Estimating intermittency significance by means of surrogate data: implications for solar wind turbulence

Introduction: Intermittency is a property of turbulent astrophysical plasmas, such as the solar wind, that implies irregularity and fragmentation, leading to non-uniformity in the transfer rate of energy carried by nonlinear structures from large to small scales. We evaluated the intermittency level of the turbulent magnetic field measured by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) in the slow solar wind in the proximity of the Sun during the probe s first close encounter.Methods: A quantitative measure of intermittency could be deduce ...

Teodorescu, Eliza; Echim, Marius; Johnson, Jay;

Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2023.1188126

Parker Data Used

On the role of interplanetary shocks in accelerating MeV electrons

Context. One of the sources of solar energetic particle (SEP) events is shocks that are driven by fast coronal mass ejections (CMEs). They can accelerate SEPs up to relativistic energies and are attributed to the largest SEP events. New studies suggest that CME-driven shocks can potentially accelerate electrons to MeV energies in the vicinity of the Sun. \ Aims: We focus on relativistic electrons associated with strong interplanetary shocks between 2007 and 2019 to determine whether the shocks can keep accelerating such elec ...

Sheshvan, Talebpour; Dresing, N.; Vainio, R.; Afanasiev, A.; Morosan, D.~E.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202345908

Parker Data Used; Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs); Sun: particle emission; acceleration of particles; shock waves; Interplanetary medium; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Physics - Space Physics

New Evidence on the Origin of Solar Wind Microstreams/Switchbacks

Microstreams are fluctuations in the solar wind speed and density associated with polarity-reversing folds in the magnetic field (also denoted switchbacks). Despite their long heritage, the origin of these microstreams/switchbacks remains poorly understood. For the first time, we investigated periodicities in microstreams during Parker Solar Probe (PSP) Encounter 10 to understand their origin. Our analysis was focused on the inbound corotation interval on 2021 November 19-21, while the spacecraft dove toward a small area wit ...

Kumar, Pankaj; Karpen, Judith; Uritsky, Vadim; Deforest, Craig; Raouafi, Nour; DeVore, Richard; Antiochos, Spiro;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/acd54e

Parker Data Used; Fast solar wind; Plasma jets; Solar magnetic reconnection; 1872; 1263; 1504; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

On the Evolution of the Anisotropic Scaling of Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere

We analyze a merged Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Solar Orbiter (SO) data set covering heliocentric distances 13 R $_\ensuremath\odot$ \ensuremath\lesssim R \ensuremath\lesssim 220 R $_\ensuremath\odot$ to investigate the radial evolution of power and spectral index anisotropy in the wavevector space of solar wind turbulence. Our results show that anisotropic signatures of turbulence display a distinct radial evolution when fast, V $_sw$ \ensuremath\geq 400 km s$^-1$, and slow, V $_sw$ \ensuremath\leq 400 km s$^-1$, wind stre ...

Sioulas, Nikos; Velli, Marco; Huang, Zesen; Shi, Chen; Bowen, Trevor; Chandran, B.~D.~G.; Liodis, Ioannis; Davis, Nooshin; Bale, Stuart; Horbury, T.~S.; de Wit, Thierry; Larson, Davin; Stevens, Michael; Kasper, Justin; Owen, Christopher; Case, Anthony; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; Livi, Roberto; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Bonnell, John;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/acc658

Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Magnetohydrodynamics; Plasma astrophysics; 830; 1534; 1544; 1964; 1261; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Physics - Plasma Physics

Planar Magnetic Structures Downstream of Coronal Mass Ejection-driven Shocks in the Inner Heliosphere

Planar magnetic structures (PMSs), characterized by interplanetary magnetic field vectors remaining parallel to a specific plane, are commonly observed in the solar wind, especially in the sheath region of interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs). In this study, PMS events in the 2 hr regions downstream of ICME-driven shocks were investigated to reveal the relationship between PMS formation and shock environment using data collected by the Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter, and Venus Express spacecraft in the inner heli ...

Ruan, Mengsi; Zuo, Pingbing; Feng, Xueshang; Xu, Qi; Zhou, Zilu; Wei, Jiayun; Jiang, Chaowei; Wang, Yi; Xu, Xiaojun; Shen, Zhenning;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/acd245

Parker Data Used; interplanetary magnetic fields; Interplanetary shocks; Interplanetary physics; Solar wind; 824; 829; 827; 1534

The Radial Distribution of Ion-scale Waves in the Inner Heliosphere

Determining the mechanism responsible for plasma heating and particle acceleration is a fundamental problem in the study of the heliosphere. Due to efficient wave-particle interactions of ion- scale waves with charged particles, these waves are widely believed to be a major contributor to ion energization, and their contribution considerably depends on the wave occurrence rate. By analyzing the radial distribution of quasi- monochromatic ion-scale waves observed by the Parker Solar Probe, this work shows that the wave occurr ...

Liu, Wen; Zhao, Jinsong; Wang, Tieyan; Dong, Xiangcheng; Kasper, Justin; Bale, Stuart; Shi, Chen; Wu, Dejin;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/acd53b

Parker Data Used; Plasma physics; Space plasmas; Solar wind; 2089; 1544; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Magnetic reconnection as an erosion mechanism for magnetic switchbacks

Context. Magnetic switchbacks are localised polarity reversals in the radial component of the heliospheric magnetic field. Observations from Parker Solar Probe (PSP) have shown that they are a prevalent feature of the near-Sun solar wind. However, observations of switchbacks at 1 au and beyond are less frequent, suggesting that these structures evolve and potentially erode as they propagate away from the Sun. The specific mechanisms at play have not been identified thus far. \ Aims: We search for magnetic switchbacks undergo ...

Suen, G.~H.~H.; Owen, C.~J.; Verscharen, D.; Horbury, T.~S.; Louarn, P.; De Marco, R.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202345922

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Sun: heliosphere; plasmas; magnetic reconnection; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Interchange reconnection dynamics in a solar coronal pseudo-streamer

Context. The generation of the slow solar wind remains an open problem in heliophysics. One of the current theories among those aimed at explaining the injection of coronal plasma in the interplanetary medium is based on interchange reconnection. It assumes that the exchange of magnetic connectivity between closed and open fields allows the injection of coronal plasma in the interplanetary medium to travel along the newly reconnected open field. However, the exact mechanism underlying this effect is still poorly understood. ...

Pellegrin-Frachon, T.; Masson, S.; Pariat, \; Wyper, P.~F.; DeVore, C.~R.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202245611

Parker Data Used; magnetic fields; Sun: corona; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); magnetic reconnection; Solar wind

Interferometric imaging of the type IIIb and U radio bursts observed with LOFAR on 22 August 2017

Context. The Sun is the source of different types of radio bursts that are associated with solar flares, for example. Among the most frequently observed phenomena are type III solar bursts. Their radio images at low frequencies (below 100 MHz) are relatively poorly studied due to the limitations of legacy radio telescopes. \ Aims: We study the general characteristics of types IIIb and U with stria structure solar radio bursts in the frequency range of 20-80 MHz, in particular the source size and evolution in different altitu ...

Dabrowski, Bartosz; Miku\la, Katarzyna; Flisek, Pawe\l; Vocks, Christian; Zhang, PeiJin; c, Jasmina; Warmuth, Alexander; Morosan, Diana; n, Adam; Fallows, Richard; Bisi, Mario; Krankowski, Andrzej; Mann, Gottfried; B\laszkiewicz, Leszek; Carley, Eoin; Gallagher, Peter; Zucca, Pietro; Rudawy, Pawe\l; Hajduk, Marcin; Kotulak, Kacper; Sidorowicz, Tomasz;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202142905

Parker Data Used; Sun: radio radiation; Sun: UV radiation; Sun: activity; methods: observational; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Spacecraft radial alignments for investigations of the evolution of solar wind turbulence: A review

With the launch of the Parker Solar Probe, BepiColombo, and Solar Orbiter missions in the three-year period 2018 - 2020 , the investigation of the evolution of solar wind turbulence, dynamics, and structures in the inner heliosphere has become more readily feasible, thanks to the increasing availability of orbital configurations suitable for multi-point observations of the Sun and the processes it drives in interplanetary space. Specifically, data analysis, models, and numerical simulations based on multi-spacecraft coordina ...

Telloni, Daniele;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2022.105999

Parker Data Used; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); plasmas; turbulence; space vehicles; Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind

LOFAR Observations of Substructure Within a Traveling Ionospheric Disturbance at Mid-Latitude

The large scale morphology and finer sub-structure within a slowly propagating traveling ionospheric disturbance (TID) are studied using wide band trans-ionospheric radio observations with the LOw Frequency ARray (LOFAR; van Haarlem et al., 2013, .1051/0004-6361/201220873). The observations were made under geomagnetically quiet conditions, between 0400 and 0800 on 7 January 2019, over the UK. In combination with ionograms and Global Navigation Sa ...

Dorrian, Gareth; Fallows, Richard; Wood, Alan; Themens, David; Boyde, Ben; Krankowski, Andrzej; Bisi, Mario; browski, Bartosz; Vocks, Christian;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1029/2022SW003198

Parker Data Used; traveling ionospheric disturbance; ionospheric scintillation; LOw frequency ARray

Deriving Large Coronal Magnetic Loop Parameters Using LOFAR J Burst Observations

Large coronal loops around one solar radius in altitude are an important connection between the solar wind and the low solar corona. However, their plasma properties are ill-defined, as standard X-ray and UV techniques are not suited to these low-density environments. Diagnostics from type J solar radio bursts at frequencies above 10 MHz are ideally suited to understand these coronal loops. Despite this, J-bursts are less frequently studied than their type III cousins, in part because the curvature of the coronal loop makes ...

Zhang, Jinge; Reid, Hamish; Krupar, Vratislav; Zucca, Pietro; Dabrowski, Bartosz; Krankowski, Andrzej;

Published by: \solphys      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-022-02096-0

Parker Data Used; Energetic particles; Electrons; magnetic fields; Corona; Radio emission; Radio bursts; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Magnetic Field Spectral Evolution in the Inner Heliosphere

Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter data are used to investigate the radial evolution of magnetic turbulence between 0.06 \ensuremath\lesssim R \ensuremath\lesssim 1 au. The spectrum is studied as a function of scale, normalized to the ion inertial scale d $_ i $. In the vicinity of the Sun, the inertial range is limited to a narrow range of scales and exhibits a power-law exponent of, \ensuremath\alpha $_ B $ = -3/2, independent of plasma parameters. The inertial range grows with distance, progressively extending to larger ...

Sioulas, Nikos; Huang, Zesen; Shi, Chen; Velli, Marco; Tenerani, Anna; Bowen, Trevor; Bale, Stuart; Huang, Jia; Vlahos, Loukas; Woodham, L.~D.; Horbury, T.~S.; de Wit, Thierry; Larson, Davin; Kasper, Justin; Owen, Christopher; Stevens, Michael; Case, Anthony; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; Bonnell, J.~W.; Livi, Roberto; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; c, Milan; Louarn, P.; Fedorov, A.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/acaeff

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Magnetohydrodynamics; interplanetary turbulence; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics; 1534; 1964; 830; 1544; 1261; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

The Radial Variation of the Solar Wind Turbulence Spectra near the Kinetic Break Scale from Parker Solar Probe Measurements

In this study we examine the radial dependence of the inertial and dissipation range indices, as well as the spectral break separating the inertial and dissipation range in power density spectra of interplanetary magnetic field fluctuations using Parker Solar Probe data from the fifth solar encounter between \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.1 and \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.7 au. The derived break wavenumber compares reasonably well with previous estimates at larger radial distances and is consistent with gyro-resonant da ...

Lotz, S.; Nel, A.~E.; Wicks, R.~T.; Roberts, O.~W.; Engelbrecht, N.~E.; Strauss, R.~D.; Botha, G.~J.~J.; Kontar, E.~P.; Pit\vna, A.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aca903

Parker Data Used; Space plasmas; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; 1544; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes in Stream Interaction Regions from Parker Solar Probe and Wind Spacecraft Observations

Using in situ measurements from the Parker Solar Probe and Wind spacecraft, we investigate the small-scale magnetic flux ropes (SFRs) and their properties inside stream interaction regions (SIRs). Within SIRs from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.15 to 1 au, SFRs are found to exist in a wide range of solar wind speeds with more frequent occurrences after the stream interface, and the Alfv\ enicity of these structures decreases significantly with increasing heliocentric distances. Furthermore, we examine the variation of five ...

Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang; Allen, Robert; Jian, Lan;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aca894

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Fast solar wind; Astronomy data analysis; Solar magnetic reconnection; 1534; 1872; 1858; 1504

Transport of Cosmic-Ray Electrons from 1 au to the Sun

Gamma rays are produced by cosmic-ray (CR) protons interacting with the particles at the solar photosphere and by CR electrons and positrons (CRes) via inverse Compton scattering of solar photons. The former comes from the solar disk while the latter extends beyond the disk. Evaluation of these emissions requires the flux and spectrum of CRs in the vicinity of the Sun, while most observations provide flux and spectra near the Earth, at around 1 au from the Sun. Past estimates of the quiet Sun gamma- ray emission use phenomen ...

Petrosian, Vah\; Orlando, Elena; Strong, Andrew;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aca474

Parker Data Used; cosmic rays; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; 329; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

The 18-19 March 2022 series of $^3$He-rich events observed by Solar Orbiter at 0.36 au compared with EUV, X-ray, and radio observations

Context. During the first close perihelion pass of Solar Orbiter, a series of impulsive $^3$He-rich solar particle events was observed on 18-19 March 2022 from a distance of 0.36 au. In addition to the energetic particle, radio, and X-ray data from Solar Orbiter, the events were observed in radio and/or extreme ultraviolet by STEREO-A, SDO, Wind, and Parker Solar Probe. \ Aims: Observations of the event series along with remote sensing of flaring and radio emission with only small timing delays due to the close distance allo ...

Mason, G.~M.; Nitta, N.~V.; ik, Bu\vc\; omez-Herrero, R.; Krupar, V.; Krucker, S.; Ho, G.~C.; Allen, R.~C.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.~F.; Rodriguez-Pacheco, J.; Vecchio, A.; Maksimovic, M.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202245576

Parker Data Used; acceleration of particles; Sun: flares; Sun: particle emission; Sun: radio radiation; Sun: UV radiation; Sun: X-rays; gamma rays

Parker Solar Probe: Four Years of Discoveries at Solar Cycle Minimum

Launched on 12 Aug. 2018, NASA s Parker Solar Probe had completed 13 of its scheduled 24 orbits around the Sun by Nov. 2022. The mission s primary science goal is to determine the structure and dynamics of the Sun s coronal magnetic field, understand how the solar corona and wind are heated and accelerated, and determine what processes accelerate energetic particles. Parker Solar Probe returned a treasure trove of science data that far exceeded quality, significance, and quantity expectations, leading to a significant number ...

Raouafi, N.~E.; Matteini, L.; Squire, J.; Badman, S.~T.; Velli, M.; Klein, K.~G.; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Szabo, A.; Linton, M.; Allen, R.~C.; Szalay, J.~R.; Bruno, R.; Decker, R.~B.; Akhavan-Tafti, M.; Agapitov, O.~V.; Bale, S.~D.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Battams, K.; Ber\vci\vc, L.; Bourouaine, S.; Bowen, T.~A.; Cattell, C.; Chandran, B.~D.~G.; Chhiber, R.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Amicis, R.; Giacalone, J.; Hess, P.; Howard, R.~A.; Horbury, T.~S.; Jagarlamudi, V.~K.; Joyce, C.~J.; Kasper, J.~C.; Kinnison, J.; Laker, R.; Liewer, P.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Mann, I.; McComas, D.~J.; Niembro-Hernandez, T.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Panasenco, O.; y, Pokorn\; Pusack, A.; Pulupa, M.; Perez, J.~C.; Riley, P.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Shi, C.; Stenborg, G.; Tenerani, A.; Verniero, J.~L.; Viall, N.; Vourlidas, A.; Wood, B.~E.; Woodham, L.~D.; Woolley, T.;

Published by: ßr      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-023-00952-4

Parker Data Used; Sun; Corona; Solar wind; plasma; magnetic fields; coronal mass ejections; parker solar probe; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Association of intermittency with electron heating in the near-Sun solar wind

Several studies in the near-Earth environment show that intermittent structures are important sites of energy dissipation and particle energization. Recent Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data, sampled in the near-Sun environment, have shown that proton heating is concentrated near coherent structures, suggesting local heating of protons by turbulent cascade in this region. However, whether electrons exhibit similar behaviour in the near-Sun environment is not clear. Here, we address this question using PSP data collected near the ...

Phillips, C.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; McComas, D.~J.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slac143

Parker Data Used; (magnetohydrodynamics) MHD; turbulence; Sun: corona; Solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

A Living Catalog of Parker Solar Probe IS\ensuremath\odotIS Energetic Particle Enhancements

Energetic charged particles are pervasive throughout the heliosphere with contributions from solar energetic particle events, stream and corotating interaction regions, galactic cosmic rays, anomalous cosmic rays, and suprathermal ions. The Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS\ensuremath\odotIS) on board the Parker Solar Probe is a suite of energetic particle detectors covering the energy range \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde20 keV-200 MeV nuc$^-1$. IS\ensuremath\odotIS measures energetic particles closer to the Su ...

Mitchell, J.~G.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Eddy, T.~J.; Joyce, C.~J.; Rankin, J.~S.; Shen, M.~M.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Christian, E.~R.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Hill, M.~E.; Labrador, A.~W.; Leske, R.~A.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Szalay, J.~R.;

Published by: \apjs      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/aca4c8

Parker Data Used; solar flares; Solar energetic particles; Interplanetary physics; Solar particle emission; Solar coronal mass ejection shocks; 1496; 1491; 827; 1517; 1997

Does Turbulence along the Coronal Current Sheet Drive Ion Cyclotron Waves?

Evidence for the presence of ion cyclotron waves (ICWs), driven by turbulence, at the boundaries of the current sheet is reported in this paper. By exploiting the full potential of the joint observations performed by Parker Solar Probe and the Metis coronagraph on board Solar Orbiter, local measurements of the solar wind can be linked with the large-scale structures of the solar corona. The results suggest that the dynamics of the current sheet layers generates turbulence, which in turn creates a sufficiently strong temperat ...

Telloni, Daniele; Zank, Gary; Adhikari, Laxman; Zhao, Lingling; Susino, Roberto; Antonucci, Ester; Fineschi, Silvano; Stangalini, Marco; Grimani, Catia; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Verscharen, Daniel; Marino, Raffaele; Giordano, Silvio; Amicis, Raffaella; Perrone, Denise; Carbone, Francesco; Liberatore, Alessandro; Bruno, Roberto; Zimbardo, Gaetano; Romoli, Marco; Andretta, Vincenzo; Da Deppo, Vania; Heinzel, Petr; Moses, John; Naletto, Giampiero; Nicolini, Gianalfredo; Spadaro, Daniele; Teriaca, Luca; Burtovoi, Aleksandr; De Leo, Yara; Jerse, Giovanna; Landini, Federico; Pancrazzi, Maurizio; Sasso, Clementina; Slemer, Alessandra;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/acb693

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; interplanetary turbulence; Alfven waves; Solar corona; Solar coronal heating; Coronagraphic imaging; Solar wind; Heliosphere; Space plasmas; 1964; 830; 23; 1483; 1989; 313; 1534; 711; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Coronal Loop Heating by Nearly Incompressible Magnetohydrodynamic and Reduced Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence Models

The transport of waves and turbulence beyond the photosphere is central to the coronal heating problem. Turbulence in the quiet solar corona has been modeled on the basis of the nearly incompressible magnetohydrodynamic (NI MHD) theory to describe the transport of low-frequency turbulence in open magnetic field regions. It describes the evolution of the coupled majority quasi-2D and minority slab component, driven by the magnetic carpet and advected by a subsonic, sub-Alfv\ enic flow from the lower corona. In this paper, we ...

Yalim, M.~S.; Zank, G.~P.; Asgari-Targhi, M.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/acb151

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Solar coronal loops; interplanetary turbulence; 1964; 1485; 830

On the Generation and Evolution of Switchbacks and the Morphology of the Alfv\ enic Transition: Low Mach-number Boundary Layers

We investigate the generation and evolution of switchbacks (SBs), the nature of the sub-Alfv\ enic wind observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP), and the morphology of the Alfv\ enic transition, all of which are key issues in solar wind research. First we highlight a special structure in the pristine solar wind, termed a low Mach-number boundary layer (LMBL). An increased Alfv\ en radius and suppressed SBs are observed within an LMBL. A probable source on the Sun for an LMBL is the peripheral region inside a coronal hole wit ...

Liu, Ying; Ran, Hao; Hu, Huidong; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/acb345

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Solar magnetic fields; interplanetary turbulence; Solar Coronal Waves; Solar coronal holes; 1534; 1503; 830; 1995; 1484; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

The Modulation of Anomalous and Galactic Cosmic-Ray Oxygen over Successive Solar Cycle Minima

Both the recent 2009 and 2020 solar minima were classified as unusually quiet and characterized with unusually high galactic cosmic-ray (GCR) levels. However, unlike the trends from previous decades, in which anomalous cosmic-ray (ACR) and GCR levels strongly agreed, the ACR intensities did not reach such high, record- setting levels. This discrepancy between the behavior of GCRs and ACRs is investigated in this work by simulating the acceleration and transport of GCR and ACR oxygen under different transport conditions. Afte ...

Strauss, R.~D.; Leske, R.~A.; Rankin, J.~S.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2023     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/acb53d

Parker Data Used; Galactic cosmic rays; Heliosphere; Termination shock; Interplanetary particle acceleration; 567; 711; 1690; 826; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Physics - Space Physics

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