PSP Bibliography





Notice:

  • Clicking on the title will open a new window with all details of the bibliographic entry.
  • Clicking on the DOI link will open a new window with the original bibliographic entry from the publisher.
  • Clicking on a single author will show all publications by the selected author.
  • Clicking on a single keyword, will show all publications by the selected keyword.



Found 96 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2022

Intermittency in the Expanding Solar Wind: Observations from Parker Solar Probe (0.16 au), Helios 1 (0.3-1 au), and Voyager 1 (1-10 au)

We examine statistics of magnetic-field vector components to explore how intermittency evolves from near-Sun plasma to radial distances as large as 10 au. Statistics entering the analysis include autocorrelation, magnetic structure functions of the order of n (SF$_ n $), and scale-dependent kurtosis (SDK), each grouped in ranges of heliocentric distance. The Goddard Space Flight Center Space Physics Data Facility provides magnetic-field measurements for resolutions of 6.8 ms for Parker Solar Probe, 6 s for Helios, and 1.92 s ...

Cuesta, Manuel; Parashar, Tulasi; Chhiber, Rohit; Matthaeus, William;

Published by: \apjs      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ac45fa

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary magnetic fields; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Interplanetary physics; 1534; 824; 1544; 830; 827; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Core Electron Heating by Triggered Ion Acoustic Waves in the Solar Wind

Perihelion passes on Parker Solar Probe orbits 6-9 have been studied to show that solar wind core electrons emerged from 15 solar radii with a temperature of 55 \ensuremath\pm 5 eV, independent of the solar wind speed, which varied from 300 to 800 km s$^-1$. After leaving 15 solar radii and in the absence of triggered ion acoustic waves at greater distances, the core electron temperature varied with radial distance, R, in solar radii, as 1900R $^-4/3$ eV because of cooling produced by the adiabatic expansion. The coefficient ...

Mozer, F.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Cattell, C.~A.; Halekas, J.; Vasko, I.~Y.; Verniero, J.~L.; Kellogg, P.~J.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac5520

Parker Data Used; Solar corona; Solar wind; 1483; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Statistical Analysis of Intermittency and its Association with Proton Heating in the Near-Sun Environment

We use data from the first six encounters of the Parker Solar Probe and employ the partial variance of increments (PVI) method to study the statistical properties of coherent structures in the inner heliosphere with the aim of exploring physical connections between magnetic field intermittency and observable consequences such as plasma heating and turbulence dissipation. Our results support proton heating localized in the vicinity of, and strongly correlated with, magnetic structures characterized by PVI \ensuremath\geq 1. W ...

Sioulas, Nikos; Velli, Marco; Chhiber, Rohit; Vlahos, Loukas; Matthaeus, William; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Cuesta, Manuel; Shi, Chen; Bowen, Trevor; Qudsi, Ramiz; Stevens, Michael; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4fc1

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics; 1534; 1544; 1261; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Langmuir-Slow Extraordinary Mode Magnetic Signature Observations with Parker Solar Probe

Radio emission from interplanetary shocks, planetary foreshocks, and some solar flares occurs in the so-called plasma emission framework. The generally accepted scenario begins with electrostatic Langmuir waves that are driven by a suprathermal electron beam on the Landau resonance. These Langmuir waves then mode-convert to freely propagating electromagnetic emissions at the local plasma frequency f $_ pe $ and/or its harmonic 2f $_ pe $. However, the details of the physics of mode conversion are unclear, and so far the ...

Larosa, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Bale, S.~D.; Agapitov, O.; Bonnell, J.; Froment, C.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Halekas, J.; Kretzschmar, M.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, David; Moncuquet, M.; Niehof, J.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4e85

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Plasma physics; Space plasmas; 1534; 2089; 1544

The Kinetic Expansion of Solar-wind Electrons: Transport Theory and Predictions for the Very Inner Heliosphere

We propose a transport theory for the kinetic evolution of solar-wind electrons in the heliosphere. We derive a gyro-averaged kinetic transport equation that accounts for the spherical expansion of the solar wind and the geometry of the Parker spiral magnetic field. To solve our three-dimensional kinetic equation, we develop a mathematical approach that combines the Crank-Nicolson scheme in velocity space and a finite-difference Euler scheme in configuration space. We initialize our model with isotropic electron distribution ...

Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Verscharen, Daniel; Vocks, Christian; Abraham, Joel; Owen, Christopher; Wicks, Robert; Fazakerley, Andrew; Stansby, David; Ber\vci\vc, Laura; Nicolaou, Georgios; Rueda, Jeffersson; Bakrania, Mayur;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4805

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Heliosphere; Theoretical models; 1534; 1544; 711; 2107; Physics - Space Physics

Energy Transfer, Discontinuities, and Heating in the Inner Heliosphere Measured with a Weak and Local Formulation of the Politano-Pouquet Law

The solar wind is a highly turbulent plasma for which the mean rate of energy transfer ɛ has been measured for a long time using the Politano-Pouquet (PP98) exact law. However, this law assumes statistical homogeneity that can be violated by the presence of discontinuities. Here, we introduce a new method based on the inertial dissipation $ D _I^{\sigma }$ whose analytical form is derived from incompressible magnetohydrodynamics; it can be considered as a weak and local (in space) formulation of the PP98 law whose expressio ...

David, V.; Galtier, S.; Sahraoui, F.; Hadid, L.~Z.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac524b

Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; Space plasmas; Solar wind; 830; 1544; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Multipoint Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections Observed with Solar Orbiter, BepiColombo, Parker Solar Probe, Wind, and STEREO-A

We report the result of the first search for multipoint in situ and imaging observations of interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) starting with the first Solar Orbiter (SolO) data in 2020 April-2021 April. A data exploration analysis is performed including visualizations of the magnetic-field and plasma observations made by the five spacecraft SolO, BepiColombo, Parker Solar Probe (PSP), Wind, and STEREO-A, in connection with coronagraph and heliospheric imaging observations from STEREO-A/SECCHI and SOHO/LASCO. We id ...

Möstl, Christian; Weiss, Andreas; Reiss, Martin; Amerstorfer, Tanja; Bailey, Rachel; Hinterreiter, Jürgen; Bauer, Maike; Barnes, David; Davies, Jackie; Harrison, Richard; von Forstner, Johan; Davies, Emma; Heyner, Daniel; Horbury, Tim; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac42d0

Parker Data Used; 310; 1526; 1534; 1476; 827; 824; 829; 711; 2037; 1472; 1528; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Inertial-range Magnetic-fluctuation Anisotropy Observed from Parker Solar Probe s First Seven Orbits

Solar wind turbulence is anisotropic with respect to the mean magnetic field. Anisotropy leads to ambiguity when interpreting in situ turbulence observations in the solar wind because an apparent change in the measurements could be due to either the change of intrinsic turbulence properties or to a simple change of the spacecraft sampling direction. We demonstrate the ambiguity using the spectral index and magnetic compressibility in the inertial range observed by the Parker Solar Probe during its first seven orbits ranging ...

Zhao, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Adhikari, L.; Nakanotani, M.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4415

Parker Data Used; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Anomalous Cosmic-Ray Oxygen Observations into 0.1 au

The Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite onboard NASA s Parker Solar Probe mission continues to measure solar energetic particles and cosmic rays closer to the Sun than ever before. Here, we present the first observations of cosmic rays into 0.1 au (21.5 solar radii), focusing specifically on oxygen from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde2018.7 to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde2021.2. Our energy spectra reveal an anomalous cosmic-ray-dominated profile that is comparable to that at 1 au, across multiple so ...

Rankin, J.~S.; McComas, D.~J.; Leske, R.~A.; Christian, E.~R.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Cummings, A.~C.; Joyce, C.~J.; Labrador, A.~W.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Stone, E.~C.; Strauss, R.~D.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac348f

Parker Data Used; 567; 329; 1487; 1193; 1503; 1476; 1534; 96; 1544; 711; 1322; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Parker Solar Probe Evidence for the Absence of Whistlers Close to the Sun to Scatter Strahl and to Regulate Heat Flux

Using the Parker Solar Probe FIELDS bandpass-filter data and SWEAP electron data from Encounters 1 through 9, we show statistical properties of narrowband whistlers from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde16 R $_s$ to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde130 R $_s$, and compare wave occurrence to electron properties including beta, temperature anisotropy, and heat flux. Whistlers are very rarely observed inside \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde28 R $_s$ (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.13 au). Outside 28 R $_s$, they occur within a narrow ...

Cattell, C.; Breneman, A.; Dombeck, J.; Hanson, E.; Johnson, M.; Halekas, J.; Bale, S.~D.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Case, T.; Kasper, J.~C.; Larson, D.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4015

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1261; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Numerical Modeling of Suprathermal Electron Transport in the Solar Wind: Effects of Whistler Turbulence with a Full Diffusion Tensor

The electron VDF in the solar wind consists of a Maxwellian core, a suprathermal halo, a field-aligned component strahl, and an energetic superhalo that deviates from the equilibrium. Whistler wave turbulence is thought to resonantly scatter the observed electron velocity distribution. Wave-particle interactions that contribute to Whistler wave turbulence are introduced into a Fokker-Planck kinetic transport equation that describes the interaction between the suprathermal electrons and the Whistler waves. A recent numerical ...

Tang, Bofeng; Zank, Gary; Kolobov, Vladimir;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac36c9

Parker Data Used; 1534

Strong Perpendicular Velocity-space Diffusion in Proton Beams Observed by Parker Solar Probe

The SWEAP instrument suite on Parker Solar Probe (PSP) has detected numerous proton beams associated with coherent, circularly polarized, ion-scale waves observed by PSP s FIELDS instrument suite. Measurements during PSP Encounters 4-8 revealed pronounced complex shapes in the proton velocity distribution functions (VDFs), in which the tip of the beam undergoes strong perpendicular diffusion, resulting in VDF level contours that resemble a hammerhead. We refer to these proton beams, with their attendant hammerhead fe ...

Verniero, J.~L.; Chandran, B.~D.~G.; Larson, D.~E.; Paulson, K.; Alterman, B.~L.; Badman, S.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Bowen, T.~A.; de Wit, Dudok; Kasper, J.~C.; Klein, K.~G.; Lichko, E.; Livi, R.; McManus, M.~D.; Rahmati, A.; Verscharen, D.; Walters, J.; Whittlesey, P.~L.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac36d5

Parker Data Used; 1544; 23; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Two Correlations with Enhancement Near the Proton Gyroradius Scale in Solar Wind Turbulence: Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Wind Observations

Based on the Parker Solar Probe mission, this paper presents the observations of two correlations in solar wind turbulence near the Sun for the first time, demonstrating the clear existence of the following two correlations. One is positive correlation between the proton temperature and turbulent magnetic energy density. The other is negative correlation between the spectral index and magnetic helicity. It is found that the former correlation has a maximum correlation coefficient (CC) at the wavenumber k \ensuremath\rho $_ p ...

Zhao, G.~Q.; Lin, Y.; Wang, X.~Y.; Feng, H.~Q.; Wu, D.~J.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3747

Parker Data Used; 1534; 830; 1989; 1544; 2089

A Study of an Equatorial Coronal Hole Observed at the First Parker Solar Probe Perihelion

In this study, we present an observational analysis of a coronal hole (CH) observed on 2018 November 1 and solar wind (SW) that originated from it, using the Solar Dynamics Observatory, the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations at 68 solar radii, ACE and WIND data at 1 au, and interplanetary scintillation (IPS) observations from 0.2 to 1 au. The CH-originated SW stream was observed by L1 on 2018 November 4 and by PSP on 2018 November 15. We examined the CH for nine Carrington Rotations (CR) and find that the SW stream to rea ...

Karna, Nishu; Berger, Mitchell; Asgari-Targhi, Mahboubeh; Paulson, Kristoff; Fujiki, Ken;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3c46

Parker Data Used; 1484; 1534; 314

Three-Dimensional Anisotropy and Scaling Properties of Solar Wind Turbulence at Kinetic Scales in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe Observations

We utilize the data from the Parker Solar Probe mission at its first perihelion to investigate the three-dimensional (3D) anisotropies and scalings of solar wind turbulence for the total, perpendicular, and parallel magnetic-field fluctuations at kinetic scales in the inner heliosphere. By calculating the five-point second-order structure functions, we find that the three characteristic lengths of turbulence eddies for the total and the perpendicular magnetic-field fluctuations in the local reference frame $(\hatL_\perp ,\ha ...

Zhang, J.; Huang, S.~Y.; He, J.~S.; Wang, T.~Y.; Yuan, Z.~G.; Deng, X.~H.; Jiang, K.; Wei, Y.~Y.; Xu, S.~B.; Xiong, Q.~Y.; Lin, R.~T.; Yu, L.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4027

Parker Data Used; 1534; 830

Simulation of Plasma Emission in Magnetized Plasmas

The recent Parker Solar Probe observations of type III radio bursts show that the effects of the finite background magnetic field can be an important factor in the interpretation of data. In the present paper, the effects of the background magnetic field on the plasma-emission process, which is believed to be the main emission mechanism for solar coronal and interplanetary type III radio bursts, are investigated by means of the particle-in-cell simulation method. The effects of the ambient magnetic field are systematically s ...

Lee, Sang-Yun; Yoon, Peter; Lee, Ensang; Tu, Weichao;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac32bb

Parker Data Used; 1544; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes and Their Properties Based on In Situ Measurements from the Parker Solar Probe

We report small-scale magnetic flux ropes via the in situ measurements from the Parker Solar Probe during the first six encounters, and present additional analyses to supplement our prior work in Chen et al. These flux ropes are detected by the Grad-Shafranov-based algorithm, with their durations and scale sizes ranging from 10 s to \ensuremath\lesssim1 hr and from a few hundred kilometers to 10$^-3$ au, respectively. They include both static structures and those with significant field-aligned plasma flows. Most structures t ...

Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3487

Parker Data Used; 1858; 830; 1504; 1503; 1534; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Improving the Alfv\ en Wave Solar Atmosphere Model Based on Parker Solar Probe Data

In van der Holst et al. (2019), we modeled the solar corona and inner heliosphere of the first encounter of NASA s Parker Solar Probe (PSP) using the Alfv\ en Wave Solar atmosphere Model (AWSoM) with Air Force Data Assimilative Photospheric flux Transport- Global Oscillation Network Group magnetograms, and made predictions of the state of the solar wind plasma for the first encounter. AWSoM uses low-frequency Alfv\ en wave turbulence to address the coronal heating and acceleration. Here, we revise our simulations, by introdu ...

van der Holst, B.; Huang, J.; Sachdeva, N.; Kasper, J.~C.; Manchester, W.~B.; Borovikov, D.; Chandran, B.~D.~G.; Case, A.~W.; Korreck, K.~E.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Bale, S.~D.; Pulupa, M.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Harvey, P.~R.; Goetz, K.; MacDowall, R.~J.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3d34

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1964

Alpha-Proton Differential Flow of the Young Solar Wind: Parker Solar Probe Observations

The velocity of alpha particles relative to protons can vary depending on the solar wind type and distance from the Sun. Measurements from the previous spacecraft provided the alpha-proton differential velocities down to 0.3 au. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) now enables insights into differential flows of the newly accelerated solar wind closer to the Sun for the first time. Here we study the difference between proton and alpha bulk velocities near PSP perihelia of encounters 3-7 when the core solar wind is in the field of vi ...

Mostafavi, P.; Allen, R.~C.; McManus, M.~D.; Ho, G.~C.; Raouafi, N.~E.; Larson, D.~E.; Kasper, J.~C.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac51e1

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1544; 1492; 1476; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Turbulence in the Sub-Alfv\ enic Solar Wind

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) entered a region of sub-Alfv\ enic solar wind during encounter 8, and we present the first detailed analysis of low-frequency turbulence properties in this novel region. The magnetic field and flow velocity vectors were highly aligned during this interval. By constructing spectrograms of the normalized magnetic helicity, cross-helicity, and residual energy, we find that PSP observed primarily Alfv\ enic fluctuations, a consequence of the highly field-aligned flow that renders quasi-2D fluctuation ...

Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.; Adhikari, L.; Telloni, D.; Kasper, J.~C.; Stevens, M.; Rahmati, A.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac51da

Parker Data Used; 830; 1534; 1476; 1995; 1483

An Improved Technique for Measuring Plasma Density to High Frequencies on the Parker Solar Probe

The correlation between the plasma density measured in space and the surface potential of an electrically conducting satellite body with biased electric field detectors has been recognized and used to provide density proxies. However, for Parker Solar Probe, this correlation has not produced quantitative density estimates over extended periods of time because it depends on the energy-dependent exponential variation of the photoemission spectrum, the electron temperature, the ratio of the biased surface area to the conducting ...

Mozer, F.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Kellogg, P.~J.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Romeo, O.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4f42

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1476; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Modeling Ion Beams, Kinetic Instabilities, and Waves Observed by the Parker Solar Probe near Perihelia

Recent in situ observations from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission in the inner heliosphere near perihelia show evidence of ion beams, temperature anisotropies, and kinetic wave activity, which are likely associated with kinetic heating and acceleration processes of the solar wind. In particular, the proton beams were detected by PSP/Solar Probe Analyzers-Ion (SPAN-I) and related magnetic fluctuation spectra associated with ion-scale waves were observed by the FIELDS instrument. We present the ion velocity distribution fu ...

Ofman, Leon; Boardsen, Scott; Jian, Lan; Verniero, Jaye; Larson, Davin;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac402c

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1545; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Multiband Electrostatic Waves below and above the Electron Cyclotron Frequency in the Near-Sun Solar Wind

Using the Parker Solar Probe measurements, this Letter reports two new types of multiband electrostatic waves in and near the heliospheric current sheet. They are classified into the f < f $_ce$ and f > f $_ce$ multiband electrostatic waves, in which most (or all) of the bands in the former type are lower than f $_ce$, and all of the bands in the latter type are higher than f $_ce$, where f and f $_ce$ denotes the wave frequency and the electron cyclotron frequency, respectively. This Letter also exhibits observational evide ...

Shi, Chen; Zhao, Jinsong; Malaspina, David; Bale, Stuart; Dong, Xiangcheng; Wang, Tieyan; Wu, Dejin;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4d37

1544; 2089; 1534

The Stability of the Electron Strahl against the Oblique Fast-magnetosonic/Whistler Instability in the Inner Heliosphere

We analyze the micro-kinetic stability of the electron strahl in the solar wind depending on heliocentric distance. The oblique fast- magnetosonic/whistler (FM/W) instability has emerged in the literature as a key candidate mechanism for the effective scattering of the electron strahl into the electron halo population. Using data from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Helios, we compare the measured strahl properties with the analytical thresholds for the oblique FM/W instability in the low- and high-\ensuremath\beta $_\ensur ...

Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Abraham, Joel; Verscharen, Daniel; Ber\vci\vc, Laura; Stansby, David; Nicolaou, Georgios; Owen, Christopher; Wicks, Robert; Fazakerley, Andrew; Rueda, Jeffersson; Bakrania, Mayur;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4dff

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1544; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

The Singular Behavior of the Solar Wind Scaling Features during Parker Solar Probe-BepiColombo Radial Alignment

At the end of 2020 September, the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and BepiColombo were radially aligned: PSP was orbiting near 0.17 au and BepiColombo near 0.6 au. This geometry is of particular interest for investigating the evolution of solar wind properties at different heliocentric distances by observing the same solar wind plasma parcels. In this work, we use the magnetic field observations from both spacecraft to characterize both the topology of the magnetic field at different heliocentric distances (scalings, high-order sta ...

Alberti, Tommaso; Milillo, Anna; Heyner, Daniel; Hadid, Lina; Auster, Hans-Ulrich; Richter, Ingo; Narita, Yasuhito;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac478d

Parker Data Used; 1534; 994; 1964; 830

Sub-Alfv\ enic Solar Wind Observed by the Parker Solar Probe: Characterization of Turbulence, Anisotropy, Intermittency, and Switchback

In the lower solar coronal regions where the magnetic field is dominant, the Alfv\ en speed is much higher than the wind speed. In contrast, the near-Earth solar wind is strongly super- Alfv\ enic, i.e., the wind speed greatly exceeds the Alfv\ en speed. The transition between these regimes is classically described as the Alfv\ en point but may in fact occur in a distributed Alfv\ en critical region. NASA s Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission has entered this region, as it follows a series of orbits that gradually approach ...

Bandyopadhyay, R.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; Chhiber, R.; Usmanov, A.~V.; Huang, J.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.~E.; Kasper, J.~C.; Case, A.~W.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Romeo, O.~M.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.~R.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4a5c

Parker Data Used; 1544; 1534; 824; 23; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

The Turbulent Properties of the Sub-Alfv\ enic Solar Wind Measured by the Parker Solar Probe

For the first time, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed the sub- Alfv\ enic solar wind where the solar wind bulk speed drops below the local Alfv\ en speed for an extended period of time. Here, we report on the turbulent properties of the sub- Alfv\ enic region. We analyze the turbulence correlation length and the energy transfer and compare the results with nearby super-Alfv\ enic regions. As the Alfv\ en speed is larger or comparable to the solar wind speed in the intervals studied, we use a modified Taylor s hypothesis to a ...

Zhao, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Telloni, D.; Stevens, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac5fb0

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; 1534; 830

Using Single-view Observations of Cometary Plasma Tails to Infer Solar Wind Speed

A comet plasma tail is a product of the interaction between the solar wind and the comet s coma, and has long been studied as a natural probe of the solar wind condition. We previously developed a method to derive the solar wind speed from dual-view observations of comet plasma tails. Here we improve the method to use single-view observations by assuming a radially propagating solar wind and apply it to two comets, C/2011 W3 (Lovejoy) and C/2012 S1 (ISON) observed by coronagraphs on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observato ...

Cheng, Long; Wang, Yuming; Li, Xiaolei;

Published by: \apj      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac5410

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Comet tails; 1534; 274

2021

Nonlinear Wave-Wave Coupling Related to Whistler-mode and Electron Bernstein Waves Observed by the Parker Solar Probe

We report nonlinear wave-wave coupling related to whistler-mode or electron Bernstein waves in the near-Sun slow solar wind with Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data. Prominent plasma wave power enhancements usually exist near the electron gyrofrequency (f$_ce$), identified as electrostatic whistler-mode and electron Bernstein waves (Malaspina et al. 2020). We find that these plasma waves near f$_ce$ typically have a harmonic spectral structure and further classify them into three types identified by the characteristics of wave fre ...

Ma, Jiuqi; Gao, Xinliang; Yang, Zhongwei; Tsurutani, Bruce; Liu, Mingzhe; Lu, Quanming; Wang, Shui;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0ef4

Solar wind; 1534

Triggered Ion-acoustic Waves in the Solar Wind

For more than 12 hr beginning on 2021 January 18, continuous narrowband electrostatic emissions were observed on the Parker Solar Probe near 20 solar radii. The observed <1000 Hz frequencies were well below the local ion-plasma frequency. Surprisingly, the emissions consisted of electrostatic wave packets with shock- like envelopes, appearing repetitively at a \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde1.5 Hz rate. This repetitiveness correlated and was in phase with low-frequency electromagnetic fluctuations. The emissions were associat ...

Mozer, F.~S.; Vasko, I.~Y.; Verniero, J.~L.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac2259

Solar Coronal Waves; Solar wind; 1995; 1534; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Parker Data Used

On the Origin of Switchbacks Observed in the Solar Wind

The origin of switchbacks in the solar wind is discussed in two classes of theory that differ in the location of the source being either near the transition region near the Sun or in the solar wind itself. The two classes of theory differ in their predictions of the switchback rate (the number of switchbacks observed per hour) as a function of distance from the Sun. To distinguish between these theories, one-hour averages of Parker Solar Probe data were averaged over five orbits to find the following: (1) The hourly averaged ...

Mozer, F.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Drake, J.~F.; Hanson, E.~L.~M.; Mozer, M.~C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac110d

Solar wind; Solar corona; Space plasmas; 1534; 1483; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

On the Role of Solar Wind Expansion as a Source of Whistler Waves: Scattering of Suprathermal Electrons and Heat Flux Regulation in the Inner Heliosphere

The role of solar wind expansion in generating whistler waves is investigated using the EB-iPic3D code, which models solar wind expansion self-consistently within a fully kinetic semi-implicit approach. The simulation is initialized with an electron velocity distribution function modeled after observations of the Parker Solar Probe during its first perihelion at 0.166 au, consisting of a dense core and an antisunward strahl. This distribution function is initially stable with respect to kinetic instabilities. Expansion drive ...

Micera, A.; Zhukov, A.~N.; opez, R.~A.; Boella, E.; Tenerani, A.; Velli, M.; Lapenta, G.; Innocenti, M.~E.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1067

Solar wind; Plasma astrophysics; Space plasmas; 1534; 1261; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

The Evolution of Compressible Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: PSP, THEMIS, and MAVEN Observations

The first computations of the compressible energy transfer rate from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.2 up to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde1.7 au is obtained using Parker Solar Probe (PSP), Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS), and Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) observations. Using a recently derived exact relation for isothermal magnetohydrodynamics turbulence, the compressible energy cascade rate, \ensuremath\varepsilon$_C$, is computed for hundred of events at differ ...

es, Andr\; Sahraoui, F.; Hadid, L.~Z.; Huang, S.~Y.; Romanelli, N.; Galtier, S.; DiBraccio, G.; Halekas, J.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0af5

Solar wind; Fast solar wind; Slow solar wind; Interplanetary physics; 1534; 1872; 1873; 827; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Parker Data Used

Evolution of Large-amplitude Alfv\ en Waves and Generation of Switchbacks in the Expanding Solar Wind

Motivated by recent Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations of switchbacks (abrupt, large-amplitude reversals in the radial magnetic field, which exhibit Alfv\ enic correlations), we examine the dynamics of large-amplitude Alfv\ en waves in the expanding solar wind. We develop an analytic model that makes several predictions: switchbacks should preferentially occur in regions where the solar wind plasma has undergone a greater expansion, the switchback fraction at radii comparable to PSP should be an increasing function of ...

Mallet, Alfred; Squire, Jonathan; Chandran, Benjamin; Bowen, Trevor; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0c12

Alfven waves; Magnetohydrodynamics; Solar wind; Space plasmas; 23; 1964; 1534; 1544; Parker Data Used

Characteristic Scales of Magnetic Switchback Patches Near the Sun and Their Possible Association With Solar Supergranulation and Granulation

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data recorded within a heliocentric radial distance of 0.3 au have revealed a magnetic field dominated by Alfv\ enic structures that undergo large local variations or even reversals of the radial magnetic field. They are called magnetic switchbacks, they are consistent with folds in magnetic field lines within a same magnetic sector and are associated with velocity spikes during an otherwise calmer background. They are thought to originate either in the low solar atmosphere through magnetic reconnect ...

Fargette, Na; Lavraud, Benoit; Rouillard, Alexis; eville, Victor; de Wit, Thierry; Froment, Clara; Halekas, Jasper; Phan, Tai; Malaspina, David; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Louarn, Philippe; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Berthomier, Matthieu;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1112

Solar wind; Solar Physics; Wavelet analysis; Supergranulation; Solar granulation; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 1476; 1918; 1662; 1498; 1503; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Exploring the Solar Wind from Its Source on the Corona into the Inner Heliosphere during the First Solar Orbiter-Parker Solar Probe Quadrature

This Letter addresses the first Solar Orbiter (SO)-Parker Solar Probe (PSP) quadrature, occurring on 2021 January 18 to investigate the evolution of solar wind from the extended corona to the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, the same plasma volume observed remotely in the corona at altitudes between 3.5 and 6.3 solar radii above the solar limb with the Metis coronagraph on SO can be tracked to PSP, orbiting at 0.1 au, thus allowing the local properties of the solar wind to be linked to the coronal source re ...

Telloni, Daniele; Andretta, Vincenzo; Antonucci, Ester; Bemporad, Alessandro; Capuano, Giuseppe; Fineschi, Silvano; Giordano, Silvio; Habbal, Shadia; Perrone, Denise; Pinto, Rui; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Spadaro, Daniele; Susino, Roberto; Woodham, Lloyd; Zank, Gary; Romoli, Marco; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Auchère, Fr\; Bruno, Roberto; Capobianco, Gerardo; Case, Anthony; Casini, Chiara; Casti, Marta; Chioetto, Paolo; Corso, Alain; Da Deppo, Vania; De Leo, Yara; de Wit, Thierry; Frassati, Federica; Frassetto, Fabio; Goetz, Keith; Guglielmino, Salvo; Harvey, Peter; Heinzel, Petr; Jerse, Giovanna; Korreck, Kelly; Landini, Federico; Larson, Davin; Liberatore, Alessandro; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Magli, Enrico; Malaspina, David; Massone, Giuseppe; Messerotti, Mauro; Moses, John; Naletto, Giampiero; Nicolini, Gianalfredo; o, Giuseppe; Panasenco, Olga; Pancrazzi, Maurizio; Pelizzo, Maria; Pulupa, Marc; Reale, Fabio; Romano, Paolo; Sasso, Clementina; Schühle, Udo; Stangalini, Marco; Stevens, Michael; Strachan, Leonard; Straus, Thomas; Teriaca, Luca; Uslenghi, Michela; Velli, Marco; Verscharen, Daniel; Volpicelli, Cosimo; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Zangrilli, Luca; Zimbardo, Gaetano; Zuppella, Paola;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac282f

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar corona; Heliosphere; Solar wind; 1964; 1544; 830; 1483; 711; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Alfv\ en Speed Transition Zone in the Solar Corona

The Alfv\ en radius, r$_A$, at which solar wind radial outflow speed exceeds the Alfv\ en wave speed, is an important parameter in understanding solar wind evolution in the extended corona. The mean solar wind angular momentum scales with $r_A^2$ in the axisymmetric steady-state approximation, so the Alfv\ en radius is often referenced in the study of solar wind corotation and dynamics. Alfv\ en wave speed is derived from the magnetic-field intensity and plasma mass density. In the inner coronal regions, these parameters wer ...

Wexler, David; Stevens, Michael; Case, Anthony; Song, Paul;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac25fa

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Solar corona; 1534; 1483

Evolution of Switchbacks in the Inner Heliosphere

We analyze magnetic field data from the first six encounters of Parker Solar Probe, three Helios fast streams and two Ulysses south polar passes covering heliocentric distances 0.1 \ensuremath\lesssim R \ensuremath\lesssim 3 au. We use this data set to statistically determine the evolution of switchbacks of different periods and amplitudes with distance from the Sun. We compare the radial evolution of magnetic field variances with that of the mean square amplitudes of switchbacks, and quantify the radial evolution of the cum ...

Tenerani, Anna; Sioulas, Nikos; Matteini, Lorenzo; Panasenco, Olga; Shi, Chen; Velli, Marco;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac2606

Parker Data Used; Heliosphere; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Alfven waves; Space plasmas; 711; 1534; 830; 23; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Ambipolar Electric Field and Potential in the Solar Wind Estimated from Electron Velocity Distribution Functions

The solar wind escapes from the solar corona and is accelerated, over a short distance, to its terminal velocity. The energy balance associated with this acceleration remains poorly understood. To quantify the global electrostatic contribution to the solar wind dynamics, we empirically estimate the ambipolar electric field (E$_\ensuremath\parallel$) and potential (\ensuremath\Phi$_r,\ensuremath\infty$). We analyze electron velocity distribution functions (VDFs) measured in the near-Sun solar wind between 20.3 R$_S$ and 85.3 ...

Ber\vci\vc, Laura; c, Milan; Halekas, Jasper; Landi, Simone; Owen, Christopher; Verscharen, Daniel; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart.; Case, Anthony; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: \apj      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1f1c

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Collision processes; Space vehicle instruments; 1534; 1544; 826; 2065; 1548; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Macro Magnetic Holes Caused by Ripples in Heliospheric Current Sheet from Coordinated Imaging and Parker Solar Probe Observations

Macro magnetic holes (MMHs), which are significant magnetic field decreases in the solar wind lasting tens of minutes, were found during the first four orbits of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). We performed a detailed analysis of the 2020 January 30 event and found the possible cause of the MMH using coordinated remote sensing observations from STEREO A and PSP in situ measurements. The results indicate that an MMH represents a brief encounter with the rippled heliospheric current sheet (HCS). Out of the data from the first fo ...

Chen, Chong; Liu, Ying; Hu, Huidong;

Published by: \apj      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1b2b

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Heliosphere; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 711; 1503

Impact of Switchbacks on Turbulent Cascade and Energy Transfer Rate in the Inner Heliosphere

Recent Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations of inner heliospheric plasma have shown an abundant presence of Alfv\ enic polarity reversal of the magnetic field, known as switchbacks. While their origin is still debated, their role in driving the solar wind turbulence has been suggested through analysis of the spectral properties of magnetic fluctuations. Here, we provide a complementary assessment of their role in the turbulent cascade. The validation of the third-order linear scaling of velocity and magnetic fluctuation ...

andez, Carlos; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Chasapis, Alexandros; asconez, Christian; Marino, Raffaele; Pezzi, Oreste;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac36d1

Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; Magnetohydrodynamics; interplanetary magnetic fields; 830; 1534; 1964; 824

Global Distribution of the Solar Wind Speed Reconstructed from Improved Tomographic Analysis of Interplanetary Scintillation Observations between 1985 and 2019

Computer-assisted tomography (CAT) for interplanetary scintillation (IPS) observations enables the determination of the global distribution of solar wind speed. We compared solar wind speeds derived from the CAT analysis of IPS observations between 1985 and 2019 with in situ observations conducted by the near-Earth and Ulysses spacecraft. From this comparison, we found that solar wind speeds from the IPS observations for 2009-2019 were systematically higher than the in situ observations, whereas those for the period until 20 ...

Tokumaru, Munetoshi; Fujiki, Ken; Kojima, Masayoshi; Iwai, Kazumasa;

Published by: \apj      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1862

Parker Data Used; 1503; 1534; 828; 1487

Solar Origin of Compressive Alfv\ enic Spikes/Kinks as Observed by Parker Solar Probe

The solar wind is found by the Parker Solar Probe to be abundant with Alfv\ enic velocity spikes and magnetic field kinks. Temperature enhancement is another remarkable feature associated with the Alfv\ enic spikes. How the prototype of these coincident phenomena is generated intermittently in the source region is an important and wide-ranging subject. Here we propose a new model introducing guide-field discontinuity into the interchange magnetic reconnection between open funnels and closed loops with different magnetic heli ...

He, Jiansen; Zhu, Xingyu; Yang, Liping; Hou, Chuanpeng; Duan, Die; Zhang, Lei; Wang, Ying;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: may

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf83d

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Alfven waves; Solar atmosphere; Solar magnetic reconnection; 1534; 23; 1477; 1504

Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes with Field-aligned Flows via the PSP In Situ Observations

Magnetic flux rope, formed by the helical magnetic field lines, can sometimes maintain its shape while carrying significant plasma flow that is aligned with the local magnetic field. We report the existence of such structures and static flux ropes by applying the Grad-Shafranov-based algorithm to the Parker Solar Probe in situ measurements in the first five encounters. These structures are detected at heliocentric distances, ranging from 0.13 to 0.66 au, in a 4-month time period. We find that flux ropes with field-aligned fl ...

Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang; Zhao, Lingling; Kasper, Justin; Huang, Jia;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfd30

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Astronomy data analysis; interplanetary turbulence; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 1858; 830; 1504; 1503; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Anisotropy of Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere at Kinetic Scales: PSP Observations

The anisotropy of solar wind turbulence is a critical issue in understanding the physics of energy transfer between scales and energy conversion between fields and particles in the heliosphere. Using the measurement of Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we present an observation of the anisotropy at kinetic scales in the slow, Alfv\ enic, solar wind in the inner heliosphere. The magnetic compressibility behaves as expected for kinetic Alfv\ enic turbulence below the ion scale. A steepened transition range is found between the inertia ...

Duan, Die; He, Jiansen; Bowen, Trevor; Woodham, Lloyd; Wang, Tieyan; Chen, Christopher; Mallet, Alfred; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac07ac

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Alfven waves; 1534; 830; 23; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Switchback Boundary Dissipation and Relative Age

We examine Parker Solar Probe (PSP) magnetic field and plasma observations during its first encounter with the Sun in early 2018 November. During this perihelion time, impulsive reversals in the magnetic field, called switchbacks, were found in the data set characterized by a quick rotation in B along with a simultaneous increase in solar wind flow. In this work, we examine the structure and morphology of 920 switchback boundaries as PSP enters and exits the structures, specifically looking for evidence of boundary degra ...

Farrell, W.~M.; Rasca, A.~P.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Gruesbeck, J.~R.; Bale, S.~D.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac005b

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Solar Physics; Solar magnetic flux emergence; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 1476; 2000; 1503

The Sunward Electron Deficit: A Telltale Sign of the Sun s Electric Potential

As the Parker Solar Probe explores new regions of the inner heliosphere, it travels ever deeper into the electric potential of the Sun. In the near-Sun environment, a new feature of the electron distribution emerges, in the form of a deficit in the sunward suprathermal population. The lower boundary of this deficit forms a cutoff in phase space, at an energy determined by the electric potential drop between the observation point and the outer heliosphere. We explore the characteristics of the sunward deficit and the associat ...

Halekas, J.~S.; Ber\vci\vc, L.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.~E.; Livi, R.; Berthomier, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Case, A.~W.; Stevens, M.~L.; Bale, S.~D.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Pulupa, M.~P.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac096e

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; The Sun; 1534; 1693

General Exact Law of Compressible Isentropic Magnetohydrodynamic Flows: Theory and Spacecraft Observations in the Solar Wind

Various forms of exact laws governing magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence have been derived either in the incompressibility limit, or for isothermal compressible flows. Here we propose a more general method that allows us to obtain such laws for any turbulent isentropic flow (i.e., constant entropy). We demonstrate that the known MHD exact laws (incompressible and isothermal) and the new (polytropic) one can be obtained as specific cases of the general law when the corresponding closure equation is stated. We also recover a ...

Simon, P.; Sahraoui, F.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0337

Solar wind; Solar Physics; Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Plasma astrophysics; Plasma physics; interplanetary turbulence; 1534; 1476; 1964; 1261; 2089; 830; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Fluid Dynamics

Turbulent Generation of Magnetic Switchbacks in the Alfv\ enic Solar Wind

One of the most important early results from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) is the ubiquitous presence of magnetic switchbacks, whose origin is under debate. Using a three-dimensional direct numerical simulation of the equations of compressible magnetohydrodynamics from the corona to 40 solar radii, we investigate whether magnetic switchbacks emerge from granulation-driven Alfv\ en waves and turbulence in the solar wind. The simulated solar wind is an Alfv\ enic slow-solar- wind stream with a radial profile consistent with var ...

Shoda, Munehito; Chandran, Benjamin; Cranmer, Steven;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfdbc

Space plasmas; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamical simulations; Alfven waves; 1544; 1534; 830; 1966; 23; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Analysis of Magnetohydrodynamic Perturbations in the Radial-field Solar Wind from Parker Solar Probe Observations

We report analysis of sub-Alfv\ enic magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) perturbations in the low-\ensuremath\beta radial-field solar wind employing the Parker Solar Probe spacecraft data from 2018 October 31 to November 12. We calculate wavevectors using the singular value decomposition method and separate MHD perturbations into three eigenmodes (Alfv\ en, fast, and slow modes) to explore the properties of sub-Alfv\ enic perturbations and the role of compressible perturbations in solar wind heating. The MHD perturbations show a high ...

Zhao, S.~Q.; Yan, Huirong; Liu, Terry; Liu, Mingzhe; Shi, Mijie;

Published by: \apj      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac2ffe

Parker Data Used; 1534; 830; 1964; 1544; 1636; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics



  1      2