# PSP Bibliography

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## Found 52 entries in the Bibliography.

### Showing entries from 1 through 50

 2021 Nonlinear Wave-Wave Coupling Related to Whistler-mode and Electron Bernstein Waves Observed by the Parker Solar Probe We report nonlinear wave-wave coupling related to whistler-mode or electron Bernstein waves in the near-Sun slow solar wind with Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data. Prominent plasma wave power enhancements usually exist near the electron gyrofrequency (f$_ce$), identified as electrostatic whistler-mode and electron Bernstein waves (Malaspina et al. 2020). We find that these plasma waves near f$_ce$ typically have a harmonic spectral structure and further classify them into three types identified by the characteristics of wave fre ... Ma, Jiuqi; Gao, Xinliang; Yang, Zhongwei; Tsurutani, Bruce; Liu, Mingzhe; Lu, Quanming; Wang, Shui; Published by: \apj      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0ef4 Triggered Ion-acoustic Waves in the Solar Wind For more than 12 hr beginning on 2021 January 18, continuous narrowband electrostatic emissions were observed on the Parker Solar Probe near 20 solar radii. The observed <1000 Hz frequencies were well below the local ion-plasma frequency. Surprisingly, the emissions consisted of electrostatic wave packets with shock- like envelopes, appearing repetitively at a \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde1.5 Hz rate. This repetitiveness correlated and was in phase with low-frequency electromagnetic fluctuations. The emissions were associat ... Mozer, F.~S.; Vasko, I.~Y.; Verniero, J.~L.; Published by: \apjl      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac2259 On the Origin of Switchbacks Observed in the Solar Wind The origin of switchbacks in the solar wind is discussed in two classes of theory that differ in the location of the source being either near the transition region near the Sun or in the solar wind itself. The two classes of theory differ in their predictions of the switchback rate (the number of switchbacks observed per hour) as a function of distance from the Sun. To distinguish between these theories, one-hour averages of Parker Solar Probe data were averaged over five orbits to find the following: (1) The hourly averaged ... Mozer, F.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Drake, J.~F.; Hanson, E.~L.~M.; Mozer, M.~C.; Published by: \apj      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac110d On the Role of Solar Wind Expansion as a Source of Whistler Waves: Scattering of Suprathermal Electrons and Heat Flux Regulation in the Inner Heliosphere The role of solar wind expansion in generating whistler waves is investigated using the EB-iPic3D code, which models solar wind expansion self-consistently within a fully kinetic semi-implicit approach. The simulation is initialized with an electron velocity distribution function modeled after observations of the Parker Solar Probe during its first perihelion at 0.166 au, consisting of a dense core and an antisunward strahl. This distribution function is initially stable with respect to kinetic instabilities. Expansion drive ... Micera, A.; Zhukov, A.~N.; opez, R.~A.; Boella, E.; Tenerani, A.; Velli, M.; Lapenta, G.; Innocenti, M.~E.; Published by: \apj      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1067 The Evolution of Compressible Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: PSP, THEMIS, and MAVEN Observations The first computations of the compressible energy transfer rate from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.2 up to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde1.7 au is obtained using Parker Solar Probe (PSP), Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS), and Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) observations. Using a recently derived exact relation for isothermal magnetohydrodynamics turbulence, the compressible energy cascade rate, \ensuremath\varepsilon$_C$, is computed for hundred of events at differ ... es, Andr\; Sahraoui, F.; Hadid, L.~Z.; Huang, S.~Y.; Romanelli, N.; Galtier, S.; DiBraccio, G.; Halekas, J.; Published by: \apj      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0af5 Evolution of Large-amplitude Alfv\ en Waves and Generation of Switchbacks in the Expanding Solar Wind Motivated by recent Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations of switchbacks (abrupt, large-amplitude reversals in the radial magnetic field, which exhibit Alfv\ enic correlations), we examine the dynamics of large-amplitude Alfv\ en waves in the expanding solar wind. We develop an analytic model that makes several predictions: switchbacks should preferentially occur in regions where the solar wind plasma has undergone a greater expansion, the switchback fraction at radii comparable to PSP should be an increasing function of ... Mallet, Alfred; Squire, Jonathan; Chandran, Benjamin; Bowen, Trevor; Bale, Stuart; Published by: \apj      Published on: sep YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0c12 Characteristic Scales of Magnetic Switchback Patches Near the Sun and Their Possible Association With Solar Supergranulation and Granulation Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data recorded within a heliocentric radial distance of 0.3 au have revealed a magnetic field dominated by Alfv\ enic structures that undergo large local variations or even reversals of the radial magnetic field. They are called magnetic switchbacks, they are consistent with folds in magnetic field lines within a same magnetic sector and are associated with velocity spikes during an otherwise calmer background. They are thought to originate either in the low solar atmosphere through magnetic reconnect ... Fargette, Na; Lavraud, Benoit; Rouillard, Alexis; eville, Victor; de Wit, Thierry; Froment, Clara; Halekas, Jasper; Phan, Tai; Malaspina, David; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Louarn, Philippe; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Berthomier, Matthieu; Published by: \apj      Published on: oct YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1112 Solar Origin of Compressive Alfv\ enic Spikes/Kinks as Observed by Parker Solar Probe The solar wind is found by the Parker Solar Probe to be abundant with Alfv\ enic velocity spikes and magnetic field kinks. Temperature enhancement is another remarkable feature associated with the Alfv\ enic spikes. How the prototype of these coincident phenomena is generated intermittently in the source region is an important and wide-ranging subject. Here we propose a new model introducing guide-field discontinuity into the interchange magnetic reconnection between open funnels and closed loops with different magnetic heli ... He, Jiansen; Zhu, Xingyu; Yang, Liping; Hou, Chuanpeng; Duan, Die; Zhang, Lei; Wang, Ying; Published by: \apjl      Published on: may YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf83d Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes with Field-aligned Flows via the PSP In Situ Observations Magnetic flux rope, formed by the helical magnetic field lines, can sometimes maintain its shape while carrying significant plasma flow that is aligned with the local magnetic field. We report the existence of such structures and static flux ropes by applying the Grad-Shafranov-based algorithm to the Parker Solar Probe in situ measurements in the first five encounters. These structures are detected at heliocentric distances, ranging from 0.13 to 0.66 au, in a 4-month time period. We find that flux ropes with field-aligned fl ... Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang; Zhao, Lingling; Kasper, Justin; Huang, Jia; Published by: \apj      Published on: jun YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfd30 Anisotropy of Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere at Kinetic Scales: PSP Observations The anisotropy of solar wind turbulence is a critical issue in understanding the physics of energy transfer between scales and energy conversion between fields and particles in the heliosphere. Using the measurement of Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we present an observation of the anisotropy at kinetic scales in the slow, Alfv\ enic, solar wind in the inner heliosphere. The magnetic compressibility behaves as expected for kinetic Alfv\ enic turbulence below the ion scale. A steepened transition range is found between the inertia ... Duan, Die; He, Jiansen; Bowen, Trevor; Woodham, Lloyd; Wang, Tieyan; Chen, Christopher; Mallet, Alfred; Bale, Stuart; Published by: \apjl      Published on: jul YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac07ac Switchback Boundary Dissipation and Relative Age We examine Parker Solar Probe (PSP) magnetic field and plasma observations during its first encounter with the Sun in early 2018 November. During this perihelion time, impulsive reversals in the magnetic field, called switchbacks, were found in the data set characterized by a quick rotation in B along with a simultaneous increase in solar wind flow. In this work, we examine the structure and morphology of 920 switchback boundaries as PSP enters and exits the structures, specifically looking for evidence of boundary degra ... Farrell, W.~M.; Rasca, A.~P.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Gruesbeck, J.~R.; Bale, S.~D.; Kasper, J.~C.; Published by: \apj      Published on: jul YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac005b The Sunward Electron Deficit: A Telltale Sign of the Sun s Electric Potential As the Parker Solar Probe explores new regions of the inner heliosphere, it travels ever deeper into the electric potential of the Sun. In the near-Sun environment, a new feature of the electron distribution emerges, in the form of a deficit in the sunward suprathermal population. The lower boundary of this deficit forms a cutoff in phase space, at an energy determined by the electric potential drop between the observation point and the outer heliosphere. We explore the characteristics of the sunward deficit and the associat ... Halekas, J.~S.; Ber\vci\vc, L.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.~E.; Livi, R.; Berthomier, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Case, A.~W.; Stevens, M.~L.; Bale, S.~D.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Pulupa, M.~P.; Published by: \apj      Published on: jul YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac096e General Exact Law of Compressible Isentropic Magnetohydrodynamic Flows: Theory and Spacecraft Observations in the Solar Wind Various forms of exact laws governing magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence have been derived either in the incompressibility limit, or for isothermal compressible flows. Here we propose a more general method that allows us to obtain such laws for any turbulent isentropic flow (i.e., constant entropy). We demonstrate that the known MHD exact laws (incompressible and isothermal) and the new (polytropic) one can be obtained as specific cases of the general law when the corresponding closure equation is stated. We also recover a ... Simon, P.; Sahraoui, F.; Published by: \apj      Published on: jul YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0337 Turbulent Generation of Magnetic Switchbacks in the Alfv\ enic Solar Wind One of the most important early results from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) is the ubiquitous presence of magnetic switchbacks, whose origin is under debate. Using a three-dimensional direct numerical simulation of the equations of compressible magnetohydrodynamics from the corona to 40 solar radii, we investigate whether magnetic switchbacks emerge from granulation-driven Alfv\ en waves and turbulence in the solar wind. The simulated solar wind is an Alfv\ enic slow-solar- wind stream with a radial profile consistent with var ... Shoda, Munehito; Chandran, Benjamin; Cranmer, Steven; Published by: \apj      Published on: jul YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfdbc Near-Sun Switchback Boundaries: Dissipation with Solar Distance The most surprising result from the first solar encounters by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) is the large amount of brief magnetic field reversals often referred to as switchbacks. Switchbacks have previously been observed further downstream in the solar wind by spacecraft such as Helios 2 at 62 R$_s$ from the Sun. However, these observations lack a distinct proton temperature increase detected inside switchbacks by PSP, implying that they are evolving over time to eventually reach a pressure balance at the switchback boundari ... Rasca, Anthony; Farrell, William; MacDowall, Robert; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Published by: \apj      Published on: aug YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac079f Characteristics of Interplanetary Discontinuities in the Inner Heliosphere Revealed by Parker Solar Probe We present a statistical analysis for the characteristics and spatial evolution of the interplanetary discontinuities (IDs) in the solar wind, from 0.13-0.9 au, by using the Parker Solar Probe measurements on Orbits 4 and 5. We collected 3948 IDs, including 2511 rotational discontinuities (RDs) and 557 tangential discontinuities (TDs), with the remnant unidentified. The statistical results show that (1) the ID occurrence rate decreases from 200 events per day at 0.13 au to 1 event per day at 0.9 au, following a spatial scali ... Liu, Y.~Y.; Fu, H.~S.; Cao, J.~B.; Liu, C.~M.; Wang, Z.; Guo, Z.~Z.; Xu, Y.; Bale, S.~D.; Kasper, J.~C.; Published by: \apj      Published on: aug YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac06a1 Assessing the Role of Interchange Reconnection in Forming Switchbacks Abrupt deflections of the magnetic field in the solar wind, so called switchbacks, are frequently observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first two orbits and are believed to play an important role in unveiling the nature of solar corona heating and solar wind acceleration in the inner heliosphere. Many attempts were made recently to understand the nature of switchbacks. However, the origin, propagation, and evolution of switchbacks are still under debate. In this study, we attempt to use the linear theory of ... Liang, H.; Zank, G.~P.; Nakanotani, M.; Zhao, L.; Published by: \apj      Published on: aug YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0a73 Evolution of Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejection Complexity: A Numerical Study through a Swarm of Simulated Spacecraft In-situ measurements carried out by spacecraft in radial alignment are critical to advance our knowledge on the evolutionary behavior of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and their magnetic structures during propagation through interplanetary space. Yet, the scarcity of radially aligned CME crossings restricts investigations on the evolution of CME magnetic structures to a few case studies, preventing a comprehensive understanding of CME complexity changes during propagation. In this Letter, we perform numerical simulations of C ... Scolini, Camilla; Winslow, Reka; Lugaz, No\; Poedts, Stefaan; Published by: \apjl      Published on: aug YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac0d58 Large Amplitude Switchback Turbulence: Possible Magnetic Velocity Alignment Structures Switchbacks are widely acknowledged phenomena observed by the Parker Solar Probe and appear to occur in patches. Previous studies focused on the fluctuations at the magnetic reversals. However, the nature of the fluctuations inside the switchbacks remains unknown. Here we utilize the magnetic field data and plasma data measured by the Parker Solar Probe in the first four encounters. We investigate the fluctuations in the switchback intervals of 100 s with $B_R 0$ at every instant and compare them to the fluctuations in the n ... Wu, Honghong; Tu, Chuanyi; Wang, Xin; Yang, Liping; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec6c A Focused Transport-based Kinetic Fractional Diffusion-advection Equation for Energetic Particle Trapping and Reconnection-related Acceleration by Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes in the Solar Wind Analysis of energetic particle inner heliospheric spacecraft data increasingly suggests the existence of anomalous diffusion phenomena that should be addressed to achieve a better understanding of energetic particle transport and acceleration in the expanding solar wind medium. Related to this is fast-growing observational evidence supporting the long-standing prediction from magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) theory and simulations of the presence of an inner heliospheric, dominant quasi-two-dimensional MHD turbulence component that ... le Roux, J.; Zank, G.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abf3c6 Turbulent Proton Heating Rate in the Solar Wind from 545 R Various remote sensing observations have been used so far to probe the turbulent properties of the solar wind. Using the recently reported density modulation indices that are derived using angular broadening observations of Crab Nebula during 19522013, we measured the solar wind proton heating using the kinetic Alfvn wave dispersion equation. The estimated heating rates vary from 1.58 1014 to 1.01 108 erg cm3 s1 in the heliocentric distance range of 545 R. Further, we found that he ... Raja, Sasikumar; Subramanian, Prasad; Ingale, Madhusudan; Ramesh, R.; Maksimovic, Milan; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfcd1 Could Switchbacks Originate in the Lower Solar Atmosphere? II. Propagation of Switchbacks in the Solar Corona The magnetic switchbacks observed recently by the Parker Solar Probe have raised the question about their nature and origin. One of the competing theories of their origin is the interchange reconnection in the solar corona. In this scenario, switchbacks are generated at the reconnection site between open and closed magnetic fields, and are either advected by an upflow or propagate as waves into the solar wind. In this paper we test the wave hypothesis, numerically modeling the propagation of a switchback, modeled as an embed ... Magyar, Norbert; Utz, Dominik; Erdélyi, Robertus; Nakariakov, Valery; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfa98 Evolution of Solar Wind Turbulence from 0.1 to 1 au during the First Parker Solar Probe-Solar Orbiter Radial Alignment The first radial alignment between Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter spacecraft is used to investigate the evolution of solar wind turbulence in the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, two 1.5 hr intervals are tentatively identified as providing measurements of the same plasma parcels traveling from 0.1 to 1 au. Using magnetic field measurements from both spacecraft, the properties of turbulence in the two intervals are assessed. Magnetic spectral density, flatness, and high-order moment scaling laws are ca ... Telloni, Daniele; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Woodham, Lloyd; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Carbone, Francesco; Zank, Gary; Bruno, Roberto; Perrone, Denise; Nakanotani, Masaru; Shi, Chen; Amicis, Raffaella; De Marco, Rossana; Jagarlamudi, Vamsee; Steinvall, Konrad; Marino, Raffaele; Adhikari, Laxman; Zhao, Lingling; Liang, Haoming; Tenerani, Anna; Laker, Ronan; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; MacDowall, Robert; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Owen, Christopher; Livi, Stefano; Louarn, Philippe; Antonucci, Ester; Romoli, Marco; Brien, Helen; Evans, Vincent; Angelini, Virginia; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf7d1 Correlation of the Sunspot Number and the Waiting-time Distribution of Solar Flares, Coronal Mass Ejections, and Solar Wind Switchback Events Observed with the Parker Solar Probe Waiting-time distributions of solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) exhibit power-law-like distribution functions with slopes in the range of ατ ≍ 1.4-3.2, as observed in annual data sets during four solar cycles (1974-2012). We find a close correlation between the waiting-time power-law slope ατ and the sunspot number (SN), i.e., ατ = 1.38 + 0.01 × SN. The waiting-time distribution can be fitted with a Pareto-type function of the form N(τ) = N0 $(\tau _0+\tau )^ ... Aschwanden, Markus; de Wit, Thierry; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Published on: 05/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abef69 Multiscale Solar Wind Turbulence Properties inside and near Switchbacks Measured by the Parker Solar Probe The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) routinely observes magnetic field deflections in the solar wind at distances less than 0.3 au from the Sun. These deflections are related to structures commonly called "switchbacks" (SBs), whose origins and characteristic properties are currently debated. Here, we use a database of visually selected SB intervals—and regions of solar wind plasma measured just before and after each SB—to examine plasma parameters, turbulent spectra from inertial to dissipation scales, and intermittency ... Martinovic, Mihailo; Klein, Kristopher; Huang, Jia; Chandran, Benjamin; Kasper, Justin; Lichko, Emily; Bowen, Trevor; Chen, Christopher; Matteini, Lorenzo; Stevens, Michael; Case, Anthony; Bale, Stuart; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Published on: 05/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abebe5 The Dynamic Formation of Pseudostreamers Streamers and pseudostreamers structure the corona at the largest scales, as seen in both eclipse and coronagraph white-light images. Their inverted-goblet appearance encloses broad coronal loops at the Sun and tapers to a narrow radial stalk away from the star. The streamer associated with the global solar dipole magnetic field is long-lived, predominantly contains a single arcade of nested loops within it, and separates opposite-polarity interplanetary magnetic fields with the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) anchored at i ... Scott, Roger; Pontin, David; Antiochos, Spiro; DeVore, Richard; Wyper, Peter; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Published on: 05/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec4f First Observations of Anomalous Cosmic Rays in to 36 Solar Radii NASA s Parker Solar Probe mission continues to travel closer to the Sun than any prior human-made object, with an expected closest approach of <10 solar radii (<0.046 au) by 2024. On board, the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite makes unprecedented in situ measurements of energetic particles in the near-Sun environment. The current low level of solar activity offers a prime opportunity to measure cosmic rays closer to the Sun than ever before. We present the first observations of anomalous cosmic ra ... Rankin, J.; McComas, D.; Leske, R.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Cummings, A.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Mewaldt, R.; Posner, A.; Schwadron, N.; Strauss, R.; Stone, E.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Published on: 05/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec7e Nonlinear Ion-acoustic Waves, Ion Holes, and Electron Holes in the Near-Sun Solar Wind Nonlinear ion-acoustic waves, ion holes, and electron holes have been observed on the Parker Solar Probe at a heliocentric distance of 35 solar radii. These time domain structures contain millisecond duration electric field spikes of several mV m-1. They are observed inside or at boundaries of switchbacks in the background magnetic field. Their presence in switchbacks indicates that both electron- and ion-streaming electrostatic instabilities occur there to thermalize electron and ion beams. Mozer, F.; Bonnell, J.; Hanson, E.; Gasque, L.; Vasko, I; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Published on: 04/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abed52 Subproton-scale Intermittency in Near-Sun Solar Wind Turbulence Observed by the Parker Solar Probe High time-resolution solar wind magnetic field data are employed to study statistics describing intermittency near the first perihelion (∼35.6 R⊙) of the Parker Solar Probe mission. A merged data set employing two instruments on the FIELDS suite enables broadband estimation of higher-order moments of magnetic field increments, with five orders established with reliable accuracy. The duration, cadence, and low noise level of the data permit evaluation of scale dependence of the observed intermittency from the i ... Chhiber, Rohit; Matthaeus, William; Bowen, Trevor; Bale, Stuart; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Published on: 04/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf04e Parker Solar Probe Evidence for Scattering of Electrons in the Young Solar Wind by Narrowband Whistler-mode Waves Observations of plasma waves by the Fields Suite and of electrons by the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons Investigation on the Parker Solar Probe provide strong evidence for pitch angle scattering of strahl-energy electrons by narrowband whistler-mode waves at radial distances less than ∼0.3 au. We present two example intervals of a few hours each that include eight waveform captures with whistler-mode waves and 26 representative electron distributions that are examined in detail. Two were narrow, seventeen were cle ... Cattell, C.; Breneman, A.; Dombeck, J.; Short, B.; Wygant, J.; Halekas, J.; Case, Tony; Kasper, J.; Larson, D.; Stevens, Mike; Whittesley, P.; Bale, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goodrich, K.; MacDowall, R.; Moncuquet, M.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Published on: 04/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abefdd Switchbacks Explained: Super-Parker Fields—The Other Side of the Sub-Parker Spiral We provide a simple geometric explanation for the source of switchbacks and associated large and one-sided transverse flows in the solar wind observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). The more radial, sub-Parker spiral structure of the heliospheric magnetic field observed previously by Ulysses, ACE, and STEREO is created within rarefaction regions where footpoint motion from the source of fast into slow wind at the Sun creates a magnetic fieldline connection across solar wind speed shear. Conversely, when footpoints move fro ... Schwadron, N.; McComas, D.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Published on: 03/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd4e6 The Encounter of the Parker Solar Probe and a Comet-like Object Near the Sun: Model Predictions and Measurements The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) aims to explore the nascent solar wind close to the Sun. Meanwhile, PSP is also expected to encounter small objects like comets and asteroids. In this work, we survey the ephemerides to find the chance of a recent encounter and then model the interaction between released dusty plasmas and solar wind plasmas. On 2019 September 2, a comet-like object, the 322P/Solar and Heliosphere Observatory, just passed its perihelion flying to a heliocentric distance of 0.12 au and swept by PSP at a relative di ... He, Jiansen; Cui, Bo; Yang, Liping; Hou, Chuanpeng; Zhang, Lei; Ip, Wing-Huen; Jia, Ying-Dong; Dong, Chuanfei; Duan, Die; Zong, Qiugang; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Bonnell, John; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Published on: 03/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abdf4a Source-dependent Properties of Two Slow Solar Wind States Two states of the slow solar wind are identified from in situ measurements by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) inside 50 solar radii from the Sun. At such distances the wind measured by PSP has not yet undergone significant transformation related to the expansion and propagation of the wind. We focus in this study on the properties of the quiet solar wind with no magnetic switchbacks. The two states differ by their plasma beta, flux, and magnetic pressure. PSP s magnetic connectivity established with potential field source surfa ... Griton, Lea; Rouillard, Alexis; Poirier, Nicolas; Issautier, Karine; Moncuquet, Michel; Pinto, Rui; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Published on: 03/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abe309 Inferred Linear Stability of Parker Solar Probe Observations Using One- and Two-component Proton Distributions The hot and diffuse nature of the Sun s extended atmosphere allows it to persist in non-equilibrium states for long enough that wave-particle instabilities can arise and modify the evolution of the expanding solar wind. Determining which instabilities arise, and how significant a role they play in governing the dynamics of the solar wind, has been a decades-long process involving in situ observations at a variety of radial distances. With new measurements from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we can study what wave modes are dr ... Klein, K.; Verniero, J.; Alterman, B.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Lichko, E.; Livi, R.; McManus, M.; Martinovic, M.; Rahmati, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Published on: 03/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7a0 The Ion Transition Range of Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe Observations The scaling of the turbulent spectra provides a key measurement that allows us to discriminate between different theoretical predictions of turbulence. In the solar wind, this has driven a large number of studies dedicated to this issue using in situ data from various orbiting spacecraft. While a semblance of consensus exists regarding the scaling in the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and dispersive ranges, the precise scaling in the transition range and the actual physical mechanisms that control it remain open questions. Using ... Huang, S; Sahraoui, F.; Andrés, N.; Hadid, L.; Yuan, Z.; He, J.; Zhao, J.; Galtier, S.; Zhang, J.; Deng, X.; Jiang, K.; Yu, L.; Xu, S.; Xiong, Q; Wei, Y; de Wit, Dudok; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Published on: 03/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abdaaf Determination of Solar Wind Angular Momentum and Alfv\ en Radius from Parker Solar Probe Observations Liu, Ying; Chen, Chong; Stevens, Michael; Liu, Mingzhe; Published by: \apjl Published on: 02/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abe38e A Self-consistent Simulation of Proton Acceleration and Transport Near a High-speed Solar Wind Stream Wijsen, Nicolas; Samara, Evangelia; Aran, Angels; Lario, David; Pomoell, Jens; Poedts, Stefaan; Published by: \apjl Published on: 02/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abe1cb Parker Solar Probe Observations of Alfv\ enic Waves and Ion-cyclotron Waves in a Small-scale Flux Rope Shi, Chen; Zhao, Jinsong; Huang, Jia; Wang, Tieyan; Wu, Dejin; Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang; Kasper, Justin; Bale, Stuart; Published by: \apjl Published on: 02/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abdd28 Characteristics of Magnetic Holes in the Solar Wind Revealed by Parker Solar Probe Yu, L.; Huang, S.~Y.; Yuan, Z.~G.; Jiang, K.; Xiong, Q.~Y.; Xu, S.~B.; Wei, Y.~Y.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, Z.~H.; Published by: \apj Published on: 02/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb9a8 Whistlers in the Solar Vicinity That Are Spiky in Time and Frequency Mozer, F.~S.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Halekas, J.~S.; Rahmati, A.; Schum, G.; Vasko, I.~V.; Published by: \apj Published on: 02/2021 YEAR: 2021 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abce59 Harmonic Radio Emission in Randomly Inhomogeneous Plasma In the present paper, we describe a theoretical model of the generation of harmonic emissions of type III solar radio bursts. The goal of our study is to fully take into account the most efficient physical processes involved in the generation of harmonic electromagnetic emission via nonlinear coupling of Langmuir waves in randomly inhomogeneous plasma of solar wind ($l+l^\prime \to t\$ ). We revisit the conventional mechanism of coalescence of primarily generated and back-scattered Langmuir waves in quasihomogeneous plasma. ... Tkachenko, Anna; Krasnoselskikh, Vladimir; Voshchepynets, Andrii; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 02/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd2bd Random Walk and Trapping of Interplanetary Magnetic Field Lines: Global Simulation, Magnetic Connectivity, and Implications for Solar Energetic Particles The random walk of magnetic field lines is an important ingredient in understanding how the connectivity of the magnetic field affects the spatial transport and diffusion of charged particles. As solar energetic particles propagate away from near-solar sources, they interact with the fluctuating magnetic field, which modifies their distributions. We develop a formalism in which the differential equation describing the field line random walk contains both effects due to localized magnetic displacements and a non-stochastic co ... Chhiber, Rohit; Ruffolo, David; Matthaeus, William; Usmanov, Arcadi; Tooprakai, Paisan; Chuychai, Piyanate; Goldstein, Melvyn; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 02/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7f0 Plumelets: Dynamic Filamentary Structures in Solar Coronal Plumes Uritsky, V.~M.; DeForest, C.~E.; Karpen, J.~T.; DeVore, C.~R.; Kumar, P.; Raouafi, N.~E.; Wyper, P.~F.; Published by: \apj      Published on: 01/2021 YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd186 2020 Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulent Evolution of a Magnetic Cloud in the Outer Heliosphere Telloni, Daniele; Zhao, Lingling; Zank, Gary; Liang, Haoming; Nakanotani, Masaru; Adhikari, Laxman; Carbone, Francesco; Amicis, Raffaella; Perrone, Denise; Bruno, Roberto; Dasso, Sergio; Published by: \apjl      Published on: 12/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abcb03 Critical Balance and the Physics of Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence Oughton, S.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Published by: \apj      Published on: 07/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab8f2a Kinetic Scale Slow Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: Coexistence of Kinetic Alfv\ en Waves and Alfv\ en Ion Cyclotron Waves The nature of the plasma wave modes around the ion kinetic scales in highly Alfv\ enic slow solar wind turbulence is investigated using data from the NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe taken in the inner heliosphere, at 0.18 au from the Sun. The joint distribution of the normalized reduced magnetic helicity σm (θRB, τ) is obtained, where θRB is the angle between the local mean magnetic field and the radial direction and τ is the temporal scale. Two populations around ion scales a ... Huang, S; Zhang, J.; Sahraoui, F.; He, J.; Yuan, Z.; es, Andr\; Hadid, L.; Deng, X.; Jiang, K.; Yu, L.; Xiong, Q; Wei, Y; Xu, S.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 07/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab9abb Using Stereoscopic Observations of Cometary Plasma Tails to Infer Solar Wind Speed Detection of the solar wind speed near the Sun is significant in understanding the heating and acceleration of the solar wind. Cometary plasma tails have long been used as natural probes for solar wind speed; previous solar wind speed estimates via plasma tails, however, were based on comet images from a single viewpoint, and the projection effect may influence the result. Using stereoscopic observations from the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory and the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, we three-dimensionally rec ... Cheng, Long; Zhang, Quanhao; Wang, Yuming; Li, Xiaolei; Liu, Rui; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 07/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab93b6 Coronal-jet-producing Minifilament Eruptions as a Possible Source of Parker Solar Probe Switchbacks The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) has observed copious rapid magnetic field direction changes in the near-Sun solar wind. These features have been called "switchbacks," and their origin is a mystery. But their widespread nature suggests that they may be generated by a frequently occurring process in the Sun\textquoterights atmosphere. We examine the possibility that the switchbacks originate from coronal jets. Recent work suggests that many coronal jets result when photospheric magnetic flux cancels, and forms a small-scale "m ... Sterling, Alphonse; Moore, Ronald; Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab96be Electron Energy Partition across Interplanetary Shocks. III. Analysis Wilson, Lynn; Chen, Li-Jen; Wang, Shan; Schwartz, Steven; Turner, Drew; Stevens, Michael; Kasper, Justin; Osmane, Adnane; Caprioli, Damiano; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Salem, Chadi; Goodrich, Katherine; Published by: \apj      Published on: 04/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab7d39 Pathways to Dissipation in Weakly Collisional Plasmas Matthaeus, William; Yang, Yan; Wan, Minping; Parashar, Tulasi; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Chasapis, Alexandros; Pezzi, Oreste; Valentini, Francesco; Published by: \apj      Published on: 03/2020 YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab6d6a

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