PSP Bibliography





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Found 18 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 18


2022

The Dynamic Evolution of Solar Wind Streams Following Interchange Reconnection

Interchange reconnection is thought to play an important role in determining the dynamics and material composition of the slow solar wind that originates from near coronal-hole boundaries. To explore the implications of this process we simulate the dynamic evolution of a solar wind stream along a newly-opened magnetic flux tube. The initial condition is composed of a piecewise continuous dynamic equilibrium in which the regions above and below the reconnection site are extracted from steady-state solutions along open and clo ...

Scott, Roger; Bradshaw, Stephen; Linton, Mark;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac7144

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar magnetic fields; Solar corona; Heliosphere; 1534; 1504; 1503; 1483; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Anomalous Cosmic-Ray Oxygen Observations into 0.1 au

The Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite onboard NASA s Parker Solar Probe mission continues to measure solar energetic particles and cosmic rays closer to the Sun than ever before. Here, we present the first observations of cosmic rays into 0.1 au (21.5 solar radii), focusing specifically on oxygen from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde2018.7 to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde2021.2. Our energy spectra reveal an anomalous cosmic-ray-dominated profile that is comparable to that at 1 au, across multiple so ...

Rankin, J.~S.; McComas, D.~J.; Leske, R.~A.; Christian, E.~R.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Cummings, A.~C.; Joyce, C.~J.; Labrador, A.~W.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Stone, E.~C.; Strauss, R.~D.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac348f

Parker Data Used; 567; 329; 1487; 1193; 1503; 1476; 1534; 96; 1544; 711; 1322; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes and Their Properties Based on In Situ Measurements from the Parker Solar Probe

We report small-scale magnetic flux ropes via the in situ measurements from the Parker Solar Probe during the first six encounters, and present additional analyses to supplement our prior work in Chen et al. These flux ropes are detected by the Grad-Shafranov-based algorithm, with their durations and scale sizes ranging from 10 s to \ensuremath\lesssim1 hr and from a few hundred kilometers to 10$^-3$ au, respectively. They include both static structures and those with significant field-aligned plasma flows. Most structures t ...

Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3487

Parker Data Used; 1858; 830; 1504; 1503; 1534; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Solar Chromospheric Network as a Source for Solar Wind Switchbacks

Recent studies suggest that the magnetic switchbacks (SBs) detected by the Parker Solar Probe carry information on the scales of solar supergranulation (large scale) and granulation (medium scale). We test this claim using high-resolution H\ensuremath\alpha images obtained with the visible spectropolarimeters of the Goode Solar Telescope in Big Bear Solar Observatory. As possible solar sources, we count all the spicule-like features standing along the chromospheric networks near the coronal hole boundary visible in the H\ens ...

Lee, Jeongwoo; Yurchyshyn, Vasyl; Wang, Haimin; Yang, Xu; Cao, Wenda; Oliveros, Juan;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac86bf

Parker Data Used; Solar magnetic fields; Solar chromosphere; Solar wind; interplanetary magnetic fields; 1503; 1479; 1534; 824

Magnetic Field Dropouts and Associated Plasma Wave Emission near the Electron Plasma Frequency at Switchback Boundaries as Observed by the Parker Solar Probe

The first solar encounters by the Parker Solar Probe revealed the magnetic field to be dominated by short field reversals in the radial direction, referred to as switchbacks. While radial velocity and proton temperature were shown to increase inside the switchbacks, \ensuremath\midB\ensuremath\mid exhibits very brief dropouts only at the switchback boundaries. Brief intensifications in spectral density measurements near the electron plasma frequency, f $_pe$, were also observed at these boundaries, indicating the presenc ...

Rasca, Anthony; Farrell, William; Whittlesey, Phyllis; MacDowall, Robert; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac80c3

Parker Data Used; Solar magnetic fields; Plasma physics; Solar wind; 1503; 2089; 1534

New Insights into the First Two PSP Solar Encounters Enabled by Modeling Analysis with ADAPT-WSA

Parker Solar Probe s (PSP s) unique orbital path allows us to observe the solar wind closer to the Sun than ever before. Essential to advancing our knowledge of solar wind and energetic particle formation is identifying the sources of PSP observations. We report on results for the first two PSP solar encounters derived using the Wang-Sheeley-Arge (WSA) model driven by Air Force Data Assimilative Photospheric Flux Transport (ADAPT) model maps. We derive the coronal magnetic field and the 1 R $_\ensuremath\odot$ source regions ...

Wallace, Samantha; Jones, Shaela; Arge, Nick; Viall, Nicholeen; Henney, Carl;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac731c

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Solar magnetic fields; Solar corona; 1534; 1503; 1483; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

2021

Characteristic Scales of Magnetic Switchback Patches Near the Sun and Their Possible Association With Solar Supergranulation and Granulation

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data recorded within a heliocentric radial distance of 0.3 au have revealed a magnetic field dominated by Alfv\ enic structures that undergo large local variations or even reversals of the radial magnetic field. They are called magnetic switchbacks, they are consistent with folds in magnetic field lines within a same magnetic sector and are associated with velocity spikes during an otherwise calmer background. They are thought to originate either in the low solar atmosphere through magnetic reconnect ...

Fargette, Na; Lavraud, Benoit; Rouillard, Alexis; eville, Victor; de Wit, Thierry; Froment, Clara; Halekas, Jasper; Phan, Tai; Malaspina, David; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Louarn, Philippe; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Berthomier, Matthieu;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1112

Solar wind; Solar Physics; Wavelet analysis; Supergranulation; Solar granulation; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 1476; 1918; 1662; 1498; 1503; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Macro Magnetic Holes Caused by Ripples in Heliospheric Current Sheet from Coordinated Imaging and Parker Solar Probe Observations

Macro magnetic holes (MMHs), which are significant magnetic field decreases in the solar wind lasting tens of minutes, were found during the first four orbits of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). We performed a detailed analysis of the 2020 January 30 event and found the possible cause of the MMH using coordinated remote sensing observations from STEREO A and PSP in situ measurements. The results indicate that an MMH represents a brief encounter with the rippled heliospheric current sheet (HCS). Out of the data from the first fo ...

Chen, Chong; Liu, Ying; Hu, Huidong;

Published by: \apj      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1b2b

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Heliosphere; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 711; 1503

Global Distribution of the Solar Wind Speed Reconstructed from Improved Tomographic Analysis of Interplanetary Scintillation Observations between 1985 and 2019

Computer-assisted tomography (CAT) for interplanetary scintillation (IPS) observations enables the determination of the global distribution of solar wind speed. We compared solar wind speeds derived from the CAT analysis of IPS observations between 1985 and 2019 with in situ observations conducted by the near-Earth and Ulysses spacecraft. From this comparison, we found that solar wind speeds from the IPS observations for 2009-2019 were systematically higher than the in situ observations, whereas those for the period until 20 ...

Tokumaru, Munetoshi; Fujiki, Ken; Kojima, Masayoshi; Iwai, Kazumasa;

Published by: \apj      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1862

Parker Data Used; 1503; 1534; 828; 1487

Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes with Field-aligned Flows via the PSP In Situ Observations

Magnetic flux rope, formed by the helical magnetic field lines, can sometimes maintain its shape while carrying significant plasma flow that is aligned with the local magnetic field. We report the existence of such structures and static flux ropes by applying the Grad-Shafranov-based algorithm to the Parker Solar Probe in situ measurements in the first five encounters. These structures are detected at heliocentric distances, ranging from 0.13 to 0.66 au, in a 4-month time period. We find that flux ropes with field-aligned fl ...

Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang; Zhao, Lingling; Kasper, Justin; Huang, Jia;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfd30

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Astronomy data analysis; interplanetary turbulence; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 1858; 830; 1504; 1503; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Switchback Boundary Dissipation and Relative Age

We examine Parker Solar Probe (PSP) magnetic field and plasma observations during its first encounter with the Sun in early 2018 November. During this perihelion time, impulsive reversals in the magnetic field, called switchbacks, were found in the data set characterized by a quick rotation in B along with a simultaneous increase in solar wind flow. In this work, we examine the structure and morphology of 920 switchback boundaries as PSP enters and exits the structures, specifically looking for evidence of boundary degra ...

Farrell, W.~M.; Rasca, A.~P.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Gruesbeck, J.~R.; Bale, S.~D.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac005b

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Solar Physics; Solar magnetic flux emergence; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 1476; 2000; 1503

Assessing the Role of Interchange Reconnection in Forming Switchbacks

Abrupt deflections of the magnetic field in the solar wind, so called switchbacks, are frequently observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first two orbits and are believed to play an important role in unveiling the nature of solar corona heating and solar wind acceleration in the inner heliosphere. Many attempts were made recently to understand the nature of switchbacks. However, the origin, propagation, and evolution of switchbacks are still under debate. In this study, we attempt to use the linear theory of ...

Liang, H.; Zank, G.~P.; Nakanotani, M.; Zhao, L.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0a73

Space plasmas; Solar wind; Solar magnetic fields; Parker Data Used; Solar magnetic reconnection; 1544; 1534; 1503; 1504

The Transport Equation for the Dispersal of Passive Tracers in a Nonuniform Turbulent Fluid: Numerical Simulations

The random advection of passive additives in a turbulent fluid plays an important role in solar physics, astrophysics, and atmospheric sciences. We concern ourselves here with the case where the fluctuations are not statistically homogeneous in space, and, hence, where the transport coefficients vary with position. Using a numerical model in which the fluid turbulence is defined kinematically, we show that the evolution of the distribution of passive tracers in the fluid is not always governed by the ordinary diffusion equat ...

Giacalone, Joe;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abf0b2

Plasma astrophysics; Solar magnetic fields; hydrodynamics; Astrophysical fluid dynamics; Atmospheric science; 1261; 1503; 1963; 101; 116; Parker Data Used

Switchbacks Explained: Super-Parker Fields—The Other Side of the Sub-Parker Spiral

We provide a simple geometric explanation for the source of switchbacks and associated large and one-sided transverse flows in the solar wind observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). The more radial, sub-Parker spiral structure of the heliospheric magnetic field observed previously by Ulysses, ACE, and STEREO is created within rarefaction regions where footpoint motion from the source of fast into slow wind at the Sun creates a magnetic fieldline connection across solar wind speed shear. Conversely, when footpoints move fro ...

Schwadron, N.; McComas, D.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd4e6

Parker Data Used; Active Solar Corona; Solar wind; Solar Coronal Waves; Solar coronal loops; Solar coronal holes; Solar coronal plumes; Solar magnetic fields; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar spicules; 1988; 1534; 1995; 1485; 1484; 2039; 1503; 824; 1525; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; 85

Characteristics of Magnetic Holes in the Solar Wind Revealed by Parker Solar Probe

Yu, L.; Huang, S.~Y.; Yuan, Z.~G.; Jiang, K.; Xiong, Q.~Y.; Xu, S.~B.; Wei, Y.~Y.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, Z.~H.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb9a8

Solar wind; Solar Physics; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 1476; 824; 1503; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

2020

Investigating the Chromospheric Footpoints of the Solar Wind

Bryans, Paul; McIntosh, Scott; Brooks, David; De Pontieu, Bart;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 12/2021

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abce69

Quiet solar chromosphere; Solar magnetic fields; Solar coronal holes; Solar corona; 1986; 1503; 1484; 1483

A Model for Coronal Inflows and In/Out Pairs

Lynch, Benjamin;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 12/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abc5b3

Active Solar Corona; Solar coronal streamers; Solar coronal transients; Solar magnetic fields; Solar magnetic reconnection; Magnetohydrodynamics; 1988; 1486; 312; 1503; 1504; 1964; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Coronal-jet-producing Minifilament Eruptions as a Possible Source of Parker Solar Probe Switchbacks

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) has observed copious rapid magnetic field direction changes in the near-Sun solar wind. These features have been called "switchbacks," and their origin is a mystery. But their widespread nature suggests that they may be generated by a frequently occurring process in the Sun\textquoterights atmosphere. We examine the possibility that the switchbacks originate from coronal jets. Recent work suggests that many coronal jets result when photospheric magnetic flux cancels, and forms a small-scale "m ...

Sterling, Alphonse; Moore, Ronald;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab96be

1503; 1504; 1534; 1981; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus



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