PSP Bibliography





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Found 129 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2022

Suprathermal Ion Energy Spectra and Anisotropies near the Heliospheric Current Sheet Crossing Observed by the Parker Solar Probe during Encounter 7

We present observations of \ensuremath\gtrsim10-100 keV nucleon$^-1$ suprathermal (ST) H, He, O, and Fe ions associated with crossings of the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) at radial distances of <0.1 au from the Sun. Our key findings are as follows: (1) very few heavy ions are detected during the first full crossing, the heavy-ion intensities are reduced during the second partial crossing and peak just after the second crossing; (2) ion arrival times exhibit no velocity dispersion; (3) He pitch-angle distributions track t ...

Desai, M.~I.; Mitchell, D.~G.; McComas, D.~J.; Drake, J.~F.; Phan, T.; Szalay, J.~R.; Roelof, E.~C.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.~E.; Christian, E.~R.; Schwadron, N.~A.; McNutt, R.~L.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Joyce, C.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Davis, A.~J.; Krimigis, S.~M.; Leske, R.~A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Malandraki, O.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Labrador, A.; Stone, E.~C.; Bale, S.~D.; Verniero, J.; Rahmati, A.; Whittlesey, P.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Niehof, J.~T.; Kasper, J.~C.; Horbury, T.~S.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4961

Parker Data Used; The Sun; Solar magnetic reconnection; Interplanetary particle acceleration; interplanetary magnetic fields; Heliosphere; 1693; 1504; 826; 824; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Suprathermal Ion Energy Spectra and Anisotropies near the Heliospheric Current Sheet Crossing Observed by the Parker Solar Probe during Encounter 7

We present observations of \ensuremath\gtrsim10-100 keV nucleon$^-1$ suprathermal (ST) H, He, O, and Fe ions associated with crossings of the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) at radial distances of <0.1 au from the Sun. Our key findings are as follows: (1) very few heavy ions are detected during the first full crossing, the heavy-ion intensities are reduced during the second partial crossing and peak just after the second crossing; (2) ion arrival times exhibit no velocity dispersion; (3) He pitch-angle distributions track t ...

Desai, M.~I.; Mitchell, D.~G.; McComas, D.~J.; Drake, J.~F.; Phan, T.; Szalay, J.~R.; Roelof, E.~C.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.~E.; Christian, E.~R.; Schwadron, N.~A.; McNutt, R.~L.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Joyce, C.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Davis, A.~J.; Krimigis, S.~M.; Leske, R.~A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Malandraki, O.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Labrador, A.; Stone, E.~C.; Bale, S.~D.; Verniero, J.; Rahmati, A.; Whittlesey, P.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Niehof, J.~T.; Kasper, J.~C.; Horbury, T.~S.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4961

Parker Data Used; The Sun; Solar magnetic reconnection; Interplanetary particle acceleration; interplanetary magnetic fields; Heliosphere; 1693; 1504; 826; 824; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

The Kinetic Expansion of Solar-wind Electrons: Transport Theory and Predictions for the Very Inner Heliosphere

We propose a transport theory for the kinetic evolution of solar-wind electrons in the heliosphere. We derive a gyro-averaged kinetic transport equation that accounts for the spherical expansion of the solar wind and the geometry of the Parker spiral magnetic field. To solve our three-dimensional kinetic equation, we develop a mathematical approach that combines the Crank-Nicolson scheme in velocity space and a finite-difference Euler scheme in configuration space. We initialize our model with isotropic electron distribution ...

Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Verscharen, Daniel; Vocks, Christian; Abraham, Joel; Owen, Christopher; Wicks, Robert; Fazakerley, Andrew; Stansby, David; Ber\vci\vc, Laura; Nicolaou, Georgios; Rueda, Jeffersson; Bakrania, Mayur;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4805

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Heliosphere; Theoretical models; 1534; 1544; 711; 2107; Physics - Space Physics

In Situ Measurement of the Energy Fraction in Suprathermal and Energetic Particles at ACE, Wind, and PSP Interplanetary Shocks

The acceleration of charged particles by interplanetary shocks (IPs) can drain a nonnegligible fraction of the plasma pressure. In this study, we have selected 17 IPs observed in situ at 1 au by the Advanced Composition Explorer and the Wind spacecraft, and 1 shock at 0.8 au observed by Parker Solar Probe. We have calculated the time-dependent partial pressure of suprathermal and energetic particles (smaller and greater than 50 keV for protons and 30 keV for electrons, respectively) in both the upstream and downstream region ...

David, Liam; Fraschetti, Federico; Giacalone, Joe; Wimmer-Schweingruber, Robert; Berger, Lars; Lario, David;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac54af

Parker Data Used; Interplanetary shocks; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Space plasmas; 829; 826; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Variable Ion Compositions of Solar Energetic Particle Events in the Inner Heliosphere: A Field Line Braiding Model with Compound Injections

We propose a model for interpreting highly variable ion composition ratios in solar energetic particle (SEP) events recently observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) at 0.3-0.45 au. We use numerical simulations to calculate SEP propagation in a turbulent interplanetary magnetic field with a Kolmogorov power spectrum from large scales down to the gyration scale of energetic particles. We show that when the source regions of different species are offset by a distance comparable to the size of the source regions, the observed e ...

Guo, Fan; Zhao, Lulu; Cohen, Christina; Giacalone, Joe; Leske, R.~A.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Kahler, S.~W.; Li, Xiaocan; Zhang, Qile; Ho, George; Desai, Mihir;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3233

Parker Data Used; 1491; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Anomalous Cosmic-Ray Oxygen Observations into 0.1 au

The Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite onboard NASA s Parker Solar Probe mission continues to measure solar energetic particles and cosmic rays closer to the Sun than ever before. Here, we present the first observations of cosmic rays into 0.1 au (21.5 solar radii), focusing specifically on oxygen from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde2018.7 to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde2021.2. Our energy spectra reveal an anomalous cosmic-ray-dominated profile that is comparable to that at 1 au, across multiple so ...

Rankin, J.~S.; McComas, D.~J.; Leske, R.~A.; Christian, E.~R.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Cummings, A.~C.; Joyce, C.~J.; Labrador, A.~W.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Stone, E.~C.; Strauss, R.~D.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac348f

Parker Data Used; 567; 329; 1487; 1193; 1503; 1476; 1534; 96; 1544; 711; 1322; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Three-Dimensional Anisotropy and Scaling Properties of Solar Wind Turbulence at Kinetic Scales in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe Observations

We utilize the data from the Parker Solar Probe mission at its first perihelion to investigate the three-dimensional (3D) anisotropies and scalings of solar wind turbulence for the total, perpendicular, and parallel magnetic-field fluctuations at kinetic scales in the inner heliosphere. By calculating the five-point second-order structure functions, we find that the three characteristic lengths of turbulence eddies for the total and the perpendicular magnetic-field fluctuations in the local reference frame $(\hatL_\perp ,\ha ...

Zhang, J.; Huang, S.~Y.; He, J.~S.; Wang, T.~Y.; Yuan, Z.~G.; Deng, X.~H.; Jiang, K.; Wei, Y.~Y.; Xu, S.~B.; Xiong, Q.~Y.; Lin, R.~T.; Yu, L.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4027

Parker Data Used; 1534; 830

Parker Solar Probe Imaging of the Night Side of Venus

We present images of Venus from the Wide-Field Imager for Parker Solar Probe (WISPR) telescope on board the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft, obtained during PSP s third and fourth flybys of Venus on 2020 July 11 and 2021 February 20, respectively. Thermal emission from the surface is observed on the night side, representing the shortest wavelength observations of this emission ever, the first detection of the Venusian surface by an optical telescope observing below 0.8 \ensuremath\mum. Consistent with previous observatio ...

Wood, Brian; Hess, Phillip; Lustig-Yaeger, Jacob; Gallagher, Brendan; Korwan, Daniel; Rich, Nathan; Stenborg, Guillermo; Thernisien, Arnaud; Qadri, Syed; Santiago, Freddie; Peralta, Javier; Arney, Giada; Izenberg, Noam; Vourlidas, Angelos; Linton, Mark; Howard, Russell; Raouafi, Nour;

Published by: \grl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021GL096302

Parker Data Used

Modeling Ion Beams, Kinetic Instabilities, and Waves Observed by the Parker Solar Probe near Perihelia

Recent in situ observations from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission in the inner heliosphere near perihelia show evidence of ion beams, temperature anisotropies, and kinetic wave activity, which are likely associated with kinetic heating and acceleration processes of the solar wind. In particular, the proton beams were detected by PSP/Solar Probe Analyzers-Ion (SPAN-I) and related magnetic fluctuation spectra associated with ion-scale waves were observed by the FIELDS instrument. We present the ion velocity distribution fu ...

Ofman, Leon; Boardsen, Scott; Jian, Lan; Verniero, Jaye; Larson, Davin;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac402c

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1545; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Double-power-law Feature of Energetic Particles Accelerated at Coronal Shocks

Recent observations have shown that in many large solar energetic particle (SEP) events the event-integrated differential spectra resemble double power laws. We perform numerical modeling of particle acceleration at coronal shocks propagating through a streamer-like magnetic field by solving the Parker transport equation, including protons and heavier ions. We find that for all ion species the energy spectra integrated over the simulation domain can be described by a double power law, and the break energy depends on the ion ...

Yu, Feiyu; Kong, Xiangliang; Guo, Fan; Liu, Wenlong; Jiang, Zelong; Chen, Yao; Giacalone, Joe;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4cb3

1491; 1517; 1997; 1486; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Double-power-law Feature of Energetic Particles Accelerated at Coronal Shocks

Recent observations have shown that in many large solar energetic particle (SEP) events the event-integrated differential spectra resemble double power laws. We perform numerical modeling of particle acceleration at coronal shocks propagating through a streamer-like magnetic field by solving the Parker transport equation, including protons and heavier ions. We find that for all ion species the energy spectra integrated over the simulation domain can be described by a double power law, and the break energy depends on the ion ...

Yu, Feiyu; Kong, Xiangliang; Guo, Fan; Liu, Wenlong; Jiang, Zelong; Chen, Yao; Giacalone, Joe;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4cb3

1491; 1517; 1997; 1486; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

The Stability of the Electron Strahl against the Oblique Fast-magnetosonic/Whistler Instability in the Inner Heliosphere

We analyze the micro-kinetic stability of the electron strahl in the solar wind depending on heliocentric distance. The oblique fast- magnetosonic/whistler (FM/W) instability has emerged in the literature as a key candidate mechanism for the effective scattering of the electron strahl into the electron halo population. Using data from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Helios, we compare the measured strahl properties with the analytical thresholds for the oblique FM/W instability in the low- and high-\ensuremath\beta $_\ensur ...

Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Abraham, Joel; Verscharen, Daniel; Ber\vci\vc, Laura; Stansby, David; Nicolaou, Georgios; Owen, Christopher; Wicks, Robert; Fazakerley, Andrew; Rueda, Jeffersson; Bakrania, Mayur;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4dff

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1544; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

PSP/IS\ensuremath\odotIS Observation of a Solar Energetic Particle Event Associated with a Streamer Blowout Coronal Mass Ejection during Encounter 6

In this paper we examine a low-energy solar energetic particle (SEP) event observed by IS\ensuremath\odotIS s Energetic Particle Instrument-Low (EPI-Lo) inside 0.18 au on 2020 September 30. This small SEP event has a very interesting time profile and ion composition. Our results show that the maximum energy and peak in intensity are observed mainly along the open radial magnetic field. The event shows velocity dispersion, and strong particle anisotropies are observed throughout the event, showing that more particles are stre ...

Getachew, T.; McComas, D.~J.; Joyce, C.~J.; Palmerio, E.; Christian, E.~R.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Desai, M.~I.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.~E.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Rankin, J.~S.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Szalay, J.~R.; Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.; Lynch, B.~J.; Phan, T.~D.; Bale, S.~D.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac408f

Parker Data Used; 1491; 310; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

PSP/IS\ensuremath\odotIS Observation of a Solar Energetic Particle Event Associated with a Streamer Blowout Coronal Mass Ejection during Encounter 6

In this paper we examine a low-energy solar energetic particle (SEP) event observed by IS\ensuremath\odotIS s Energetic Particle Instrument-Low (EPI-Lo) inside 0.18 au on 2020 September 30. This small SEP event has a very interesting time profile and ion composition. Our results show that the maximum energy and peak in intensity are observed mainly along the open radial magnetic field. The event shows velocity dispersion, and strong particle anisotropies are observed throughout the event, showing that more particles are stre ...

Getachew, T.; McComas, D.~J.; Joyce, C.~J.; Palmerio, E.; Christian, E.~R.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Desai, M.~I.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.~E.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Rankin, J.~S.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Szalay, J.~R.; Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.; Lynch, B.~J.; Phan, T.~D.; Bale, S.~D.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac408f

Parker Data Used; 1491; 310; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

2021

Parker solar probe observations of helical structures as boundaries for energetic particles

Energetic particle transport in the interplanetary medium is known to be affected by magnetic structures. It has been demonstrated for solar energetic particles in near-Earth orbit studies, and also for the more energetic cosmic rays. In this paper, we show observational evidence that intensity variations of solar energetic particles can be correlated with the occurrence of helical magnetic flux tubes and their boundaries. The analysis is carried out using data from Parker Solar Probe orbit 5, in the period 2020 May 24 to Ju ...

Pecora, F.; Servidio, S.; Greco, A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; Giacalone, J.; Joyce, C.~J.; Getachew, T.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Leske, R.~A.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; McNutt, R.~L.; Hill, M.~E.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Christian, E.~R.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stab2659

magnetic fields; plasmas; Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: solar wind; Sun: particle emission; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Parker solar probe observations of helical structures as boundaries for energetic particles

Energetic particle transport in the interplanetary medium is known to be affected by magnetic structures. It has been demonstrated for solar energetic particles in near-Earth orbit studies, and also for the more energetic cosmic rays. In this paper, we show observational evidence that intensity variations of solar energetic particles can be correlated with the occurrence of helical magnetic flux tubes and their boundaries. The analysis is carried out using data from Parker Solar Probe orbit 5, in the period 2020 May 24 to Ju ...

Pecora, F.; Servidio, S.; Greco, A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; Giacalone, J.; Joyce, C.~J.; Getachew, T.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Leske, R.~A.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; McNutt, R.~L.; Hill, M.~E.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Christian, E.~R.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stab2659

magnetic fields; plasmas; Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: solar wind; Sun: particle emission; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Effect of Dust Rotational Disruption by Radiative Torques and Implications for the F-corona Decrease Revealed by the Parker Solar Probe

The first-year results from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) reveal a

Hoang, Thiem; Lazarian, Alex; Lee, Hyeseung; Cho, Kyungsuk; Gu, Pin-Gao; Ng, Chi-Hang;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac126e

Solar F corona; Interstellar dust; Interplanetary dust; Circumstellar dust; 1991; 836; 821; 236; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Exploring the Solar Wind from Its Source on the Corona into the Inner Heliosphere during the First Solar Orbiter-Parker Solar Probe Quadrature

This Letter addresses the first Solar Orbiter (SO)-Parker Solar Probe (PSP) quadrature, occurring on 2021 January 18 to investigate the evolution of solar wind from the extended corona to the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, the same plasma volume observed remotely in the corona at altitudes between 3.5 and 6.3 solar radii above the solar limb with the Metis coronagraph on SO can be tracked to PSP, orbiting at 0.1 au, thus allowing the local properties of the solar wind to be linked to the coronal source re ...

Telloni, Daniele; Andretta, Vincenzo; Antonucci, Ester; Bemporad, Alessandro; Capuano, Giuseppe; Fineschi, Silvano; Giordano, Silvio; Habbal, Shadia; Perrone, Denise; Pinto, Rui; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Spadaro, Daniele; Susino, Roberto; Woodham, Lloyd; Zank, Gary; Romoli, Marco; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Auchère, Fr\; Bruno, Roberto; Capobianco, Gerardo; Case, Anthony; Casini, Chiara; Casti, Marta; Chioetto, Paolo; Corso, Alain; Da Deppo, Vania; De Leo, Yara; de Wit, Thierry; Frassati, Federica; Frassetto, Fabio; Goetz, Keith; Guglielmino, Salvo; Harvey, Peter; Heinzel, Petr; Jerse, Giovanna; Korreck, Kelly; Landini, Federico; Larson, Davin; Liberatore, Alessandro; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Magli, Enrico; Malaspina, David; Massone, Giuseppe; Messerotti, Mauro; Moses, John; Naletto, Giampiero; Nicolini, Gianalfredo; o, Giuseppe; Panasenco, Olga; Pancrazzi, Maurizio; Pelizzo, Maria; Pulupa, Marc; Reale, Fabio; Romano, Paolo; Sasso, Clementina; Schühle, Udo; Stangalini, Marco; Stevens, Michael; Strachan, Leonard; Straus, Thomas; Teriaca, Luca; Uslenghi, Michela; Velli, Marco; Verscharen, Daniel; Volpicelli, Cosimo; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Zangrilli, Luca; Zimbardo, Gaetano; Zuppella, Paola;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac282f

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar corona; Heliosphere; Solar wind; 1964; 1544; 830; 1483; 711; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Exploring the Solar Wind from Its Source on the Corona into the Inner Heliosphere during the First Solar Orbiter-Parker Solar Probe Quadrature

This Letter addresses the first Solar Orbiter (SO)-Parker Solar Probe (PSP) quadrature, occurring on 2021 January 18 to investigate the evolution of solar wind from the extended corona to the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, the same plasma volume observed remotely in the corona at altitudes between 3.5 and 6.3 solar radii above the solar limb with the Metis coronagraph on SO can be tracked to PSP, orbiting at 0.1 au, thus allowing the local properties of the solar wind to be linked to the coronal source re ...

Telloni, Daniele; Andretta, Vincenzo; Antonucci, Ester; Bemporad, Alessandro; Capuano, Giuseppe; Fineschi, Silvano; Giordano, Silvio; Habbal, Shadia; Perrone, Denise; Pinto, Rui; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Spadaro, Daniele; Susino, Roberto; Woodham, Lloyd; Zank, Gary; Romoli, Marco; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Auchère, Fr\; Bruno, Roberto; Capobianco, Gerardo; Case, Anthony; Casini, Chiara; Casti, Marta; Chioetto, Paolo; Corso, Alain; Da Deppo, Vania; De Leo, Yara; de Wit, Thierry; Frassati, Federica; Frassetto, Fabio; Goetz, Keith; Guglielmino, Salvo; Harvey, Peter; Heinzel, Petr; Jerse, Giovanna; Korreck, Kelly; Landini, Federico; Larson, Davin; Liberatore, Alessandro; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Magli, Enrico; Malaspina, David; Massone, Giuseppe; Messerotti, Mauro; Moses, John; Naletto, Giampiero; Nicolini, Gianalfredo; o, Giuseppe; Panasenco, Olga; Pancrazzi, Maurizio; Pelizzo, Maria; Pulupa, Marc; Reale, Fabio; Romano, Paolo; Sasso, Clementina; Schühle, Udo; Stangalini, Marco; Stevens, Michael; Strachan, Leonard; Straus, Thomas; Teriaca, Luca; Uslenghi, Michela; Velli, Marco; Verscharen, Daniel; Volpicelli, Cosimo; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Zangrilli, Luca; Zimbardo, Gaetano; Zuppella, Paola;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac282f

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar corona; Heliosphere; Solar wind; 1964; 1544; 830; 1483; 711; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Comparative Analysis of the 2020 November 29 Solar Energetic Particle Event Observed by Parker Solar Probe

We analyze two specific features of the intense solar energetic particle (SEP) event observed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) between 2020 November 29 and 2020 December 2. The interplanetary counterpart of the coronal mass ejection (CME) on 2020 November 29 that generated the SEP event (hereafter ICME-2) arrived at PSP (located at 0.8 au from the Sun) on 2020 December 1. ICME-2 was preceded by the passage of an interplanetary shock at 18:35 UT on 2020 November 30 (hereafter S2), that in turn was preceded by another ICME (i.e., I ...

Lario, D.; Richardson, I.~G.; Palmerio, E.; Lugaz, N.; Bale, S.~D.; Stevens, M.~L.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Giacalone, J.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Szabo, A.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Wilson, L.~B.; Christian, E.~R.; Hill, M.~E.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac157f

Parker Data Used; Solar energetic particles; Interplanetary shocks; Solar coronal mass ejections; interplanetary magnetic fields; 1491; 829; 310; 824

Comparative Analysis of the 2020 November 29 Solar Energetic Particle Event Observed by Parker Solar Probe

We analyze two specific features of the intense solar energetic particle (SEP) event observed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) between 2020 November 29 and 2020 December 2. The interplanetary counterpart of the coronal mass ejection (CME) on 2020 November 29 that generated the SEP event (hereafter ICME-2) arrived at PSP (located at 0.8 au from the Sun) on 2020 December 1. ICME-2 was preceded by the passage of an interplanetary shock at 18:35 UT on 2020 November 30 (hereafter S2), that in turn was preceded by another ICME (i.e., I ...

Lario, D.; Richardson, I.~G.; Palmerio, E.; Lugaz, N.; Bale, S.~D.; Stevens, M.~L.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Giacalone, J.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Szabo, A.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Wilson, L.~B.; Christian, E.~R.; Hill, M.~E.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac157f

Parker Data Used; Solar energetic particles; Interplanetary shocks; Solar coronal mass ejections; interplanetary magnetic fields; 1491; 829; 310; 824

Energetic Electron Observations by Parker Solar Probe/IS\ensuremath\odotIS during the First Widespread SEP Event of Solar Cycle 25 on 2020 November 29

At the end of 2020 November, two coronal mass ejections (CMEs) erupted from the Sun and propagated through the interplanetary medium in the direction of Parker Solar Probe while the spacecraft was located at \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.81 au. The passage of these interplanetary CMEs (ICMEs) starting on November 29 (DOY 334) produced the largest enhancement of energetic ions and electrons observed by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS\ensuremath\odotIS) energetic particle instrument suite on board Parker ...

Mitchell, J.~G.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Hill, M.~E.; Christian, E.~R.; Richardson, I.~G.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Bale, S.~D.; Giacalone, J.; Joyce, C.~J.; Niehof, J.~T.; Szalay, J.~R.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac110e

Parker Data Used; solar flares; Solar activity; Solar coronal mass ejection shocks; Interplanetary shocks; Solar energetic particles; Solar particle emission; 1496; 1475; 1997; 829; 1491; 1517

Energetic Electron Observations by Parker Solar Probe/IS\ensuremath\odotIS during the First Widespread SEP Event of Solar Cycle 25 on 2020 November 29

At the end of 2020 November, two coronal mass ejections (CMEs) erupted from the Sun and propagated through the interplanetary medium in the direction of Parker Solar Probe while the spacecraft was located at \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.81 au. The passage of these interplanetary CMEs (ICMEs) starting on November 29 (DOY 334) produced the largest enhancement of energetic ions and electrons observed by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS\ensuremath\odotIS) energetic particle instrument suite on board Parker ...

Mitchell, J.~G.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Hill, M.~E.; Christian, E.~R.; Richardson, I.~G.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Bale, S.~D.; Giacalone, J.; Joyce, C.~J.; Niehof, J.~T.; Szalay, J.~R.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac110e

Parker Data Used; solar flares; Solar activity; Solar coronal mass ejection shocks; Interplanetary shocks; Solar energetic particles; Solar particle emission; 1496; 1475; 1997; 829; 1491; 1517

Energetic Particles Associated with a Coronal Mass Ejection Shock Interacting with a Convected Magnetic Structure

On 2020 November 30, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was crossed by a coronal mass ejection (CME)-driven shock, which we suggest was also crossing a convected, isolated magnetic structure (MS) at about the same time. By analyzing PSP/FIELDS magnetic field measurements, we find that the leading edge of the MS coincided with the crossing of the shock, while its trailing edge, identified as a crossing of a current sheet, overtook PSP about 7 minutes later. Prior to the arrival of the shock, the flux of 30 keV-3 MeV ions and electrons, ...

Giacalone, J.; Burgess, D.; Bale, S.~D.; Desai, M.~I.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Lario, D.; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Christian, E.~R.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Hill, M.~E.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Getachew, Tibebu; Joyce, C.~J.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1ce1

Parker Data Used; Solar energetic particles; Interplanetary discontinuities; Interplanetary shocks; 1491; 820; 829

Energetic Particles Associated with a Coronal Mass Ejection Shock Interacting with a Convected Magnetic Structure

On 2020 November 30, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was crossed by a coronal mass ejection (CME)-driven shock, which we suggest was also crossing a convected, isolated magnetic structure (MS) at about the same time. By analyzing PSP/FIELDS magnetic field measurements, we find that the leading edge of the MS coincided with the crossing of the shock, while its trailing edge, identified as a crossing of a current sheet, overtook PSP about 7 minutes later. Prior to the arrival of the shock, the flux of 30 keV-3 MeV ions and electrons, ...

Giacalone, J.; Burgess, D.; Bale, S.~D.; Desai, M.~I.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Lario, D.; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Christian, E.~R.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Hill, M.~E.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Getachew, Tibebu; Joyce, C.~J.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1ce1

Parker Data Used; Solar energetic particles; Interplanetary discontinuities; Interplanetary shocks; 1491; 820; 829

Parker Solar Probe FIELDS Instrument Charging in the Near Sun Environment: Part 1: Computational Model

The Spacecraft Interaction Plasma Software package (SPIS), a three dimension particle in cell (PIC) code, was used to model the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft and FIELDS instrument and their interactions with the Solar wind. Our SPIS modeling relied on material properties of new spacecraft materials that we had obtained in previous work. The model was used to find the floating potentials of the spacecraft and FIELDS antennas at different distances from the Sun (from 1AU to 0.046AU). We find the following results: At gre ...

Diaz-Aguado, M.~F.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Bale, S.~D.; Wang, J.; Gruntman, M.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: may

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028688

Parker Data Used; plasma environment; spacecraft charging

Energetic particle evolution during coronal mass ejection passage from 0.3 to 1 AU

We provide analysis of a coronal mass ejection (CME) that passed over Parker Solar Probe (PSP) on January 20, 2020 when the spacecraft was at just 0.32 AU. The Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite measures energetic particle populations associated with the CME before, during, and after its passage over the spacecraft. We observe a complex evolution of energetic particles, including a brief \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde2 h period where the energetic particle fluxes are enhanced and the nominal orienta ...

Joyce, C.~J.; McComas, D.~J.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Vourlidas, A.; Christian, E.~R.; McNutt, R.~L.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Leske, R.~A.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Stone, E.~C.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Hill, M.~E.; Roelof, E.~C.; Allen, R.~C.; Szalay, J.~R.; Rankin, J.~S.; Desai, M.~I.; Giacalone, J.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Niehof, J.~T.; de Wet, W.; Winslow, R.~M.; Bale, S.~D.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039933

Parker Data Used; acceleration of particles; Solar wind; magnetic fields

Energetic particle evolution during coronal mass ejection passage from 0.3 to 1 AU

We provide analysis of a coronal mass ejection (CME) that passed over Parker Solar Probe (PSP) on January 20, 2020 when the spacecraft was at just 0.32 AU. The Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite measures energetic particle populations associated with the CME before, during, and after its passage over the spacecraft. We observe a complex evolution of energetic particles, including a brief \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde2 h period where the energetic particle fluxes are enhanced and the nominal orienta ...

Joyce, C.~J.; McComas, D.~J.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Vourlidas, A.; Christian, E.~R.; McNutt, R.~L.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Leske, R.~A.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Stone, E.~C.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Hill, M.~E.; Roelof, E.~C.; Allen, R.~C.; Szalay, J.~R.; Rankin, J.~S.; Desai, M.~I.; Giacalone, J.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Niehof, J.~T.; de Wet, W.; Winslow, R.~M.; Bale, S.~D.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039933

Parker Data Used; acceleration of particles; Solar wind; magnetic fields

Solar energetic particle heavy ion properties in the widespread event of 2020 November 29

Context. Following a multi-year minimum of solar activity, a solar energetic particle event on 2020 Nov. 29 was observed by multiple spacecraft covering a wide range of solar longitudes including ACE, the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory-A, and the recently launched Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter. \ Aims: Multi-point observations of a solar particle event, combined with remote-sensing imaging of flaring, shocks, and coronal mass ejections allows for a global picture of the event to be synthesized, and made avail ...

Mason, G.~M.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Ho, G.~C.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Allen, R.~C.; Hill, M.~E.; Andrews, G.~B.; Berger, L.; Boden, S.; Böttcher, S.; Cernuda, I.; Christian, E.~R.; Cummings, A.~C.; Davis, A.~J.; Desai, M.~I.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Eldrum, S.; Elftmann, R.; Kollhoff, A.; Giacalone, J.; omez-Herrero, R.; Hayes, J.; Janitzek, N.~P.; Joyce, C.~J.; Korth, A.; Kühl, P.; Kulkarni, S.~R.; Labrador, A.~W.; Lara, Espinosa; Lees, W.~J.; Leske, R.~A.; Mall, U.; Martin, C.; in, Mart\; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Pacheco, D.; Espada, Parra; Prieto, M.; Rankin, J.~S.; Ravanbakhsh, A.; iguez-Pacheco, Rodr\; Polo, Rodr\; Roelof, E.~C.; anchez-Prieto, S.; Schlemm, C.~E.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Seifert, H.; Stone, E.~C.; Szalay, J.~R.; Terasa, J.~C.; Tyagi, K.; von Forstner, J.~L.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.~F.; Xu, Z.~G.; Yedla, M.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202141310

Parker Data Used; acceleration of particles; Sun: abundances; Sun: flares; Sun: particle emission

Solar energetic particle heavy ion properties in the widespread event of 2020 November 29

Context. Following a multi-year minimum of solar activity, a solar energetic particle event on 2020 Nov. 29 was observed by multiple spacecraft covering a wide range of solar longitudes including ACE, the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory-A, and the recently launched Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter. \ Aims: Multi-point observations of a solar particle event, combined with remote-sensing imaging of flaring, shocks, and coronal mass ejections allows for a global picture of the event to be synthesized, and made avail ...

Mason, G.~M.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Ho, G.~C.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Allen, R.~C.; Hill, M.~E.; Andrews, G.~B.; Berger, L.; Boden, S.; Böttcher, S.; Cernuda, I.; Christian, E.~R.; Cummings, A.~C.; Davis, A.~J.; Desai, M.~I.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Eldrum, S.; Elftmann, R.; Kollhoff, A.; Giacalone, J.; omez-Herrero, R.; Hayes, J.; Janitzek, N.~P.; Joyce, C.~J.; Korth, A.; Kühl, P.; Kulkarni, S.~R.; Labrador, A.~W.; Lara, Espinosa; Lees, W.~J.; Leske, R.~A.; Mall, U.; Martin, C.; in, Mart\; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Pacheco, D.; Espada, Parra; Prieto, M.; Rankin, J.~S.; Ravanbakhsh, A.; iguez-Pacheco, Rodr\; Polo, Rodr\; Roelof, E.~C.; anchez-Prieto, S.; Schlemm, C.~E.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Seifert, H.; Stone, E.~C.; Szalay, J.~R.; Terasa, J.~C.; Tyagi, K.; von Forstner, J.~L.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.~F.; Xu, Z.~G.; Yedla, M.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202141310

Parker Data Used; acceleration of particles; Sun: abundances; Sun: flares; Sun: particle emission

PSP/IS\ensuremath\odotIS observations of the 29 November 2020 solar energetic particle event

\ Aims: On 29 November 2020, at 12:34 UT, active region 12790 erupted with an M4.4 class flare and a 1700 km s$^\ensuremath-1$ coronal mass ejection. Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was completing its seventh orbit around the Sun and was located at 0.8 au when the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS\ensuremath\odotIS) measured the ensuing mid- sized solar energetic particle (SEP) event. Not only was this the first SEP event with heavy ions above 10 MeV nuc$^\ensuremath-1$ to be measured by IS\ensuremath\odotIS, it was a ...

Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Christian, E.~R.; Cummings, A.~C.; Davis, A.~J.; Desai, M.~I.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.~E.; Joyce, C.~J.; Labrador, A.~W.; Leske, R.~A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Rankin, J.~S.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Stone, E.~C.; Szalay, J.~R.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Vourlidas, A.; Bale, S.~D.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140967

Parker Data Used; Sun: particle emission; Sun: activity; solar-terrestrial relations

PSP/IS\ensuremath\odotIS observations of the 29 November 2020 solar energetic particle event

\ Aims: On 29 November 2020, at 12:34 UT, active region 12790 erupted with an M4.4 class flare and a 1700 km s$^\ensuremath-1$ coronal mass ejection. Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was completing its seventh orbit around the Sun and was located at 0.8 au when the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS\ensuremath\odotIS) measured the ensuing mid- sized solar energetic particle (SEP) event. Not only was this the first SEP event with heavy ions above 10 MeV nuc$^\ensuremath-1$ to be measured by IS\ensuremath\odotIS, it was a ...

Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Christian, E.~R.; Cummings, A.~C.; Davis, A.~J.; Desai, M.~I.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.~E.; Joyce, C.~J.; Labrador, A.~W.; Leske, R.~A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Rankin, J.~S.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Stone, E.~C.; Szalay, J.~R.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Vourlidas, A.; Bale, S.~D.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140967

Parker Data Used; Sun: particle emission; Sun: activity; solar-terrestrial relations

Study of two interacting interplanetary coronal mass ejections encountered by Solar Orbiter during its first perihelion passage. Observations and modeling

Context. Solar Orbiter, the new-generation mission dedicated to solar and heliospheric exploration, was successfully launched on February 10, 2020, 04:03 UTC from Cape Canaveral. During its first perihelion passage in June 2020, two successive interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs), propagating along the heliospheric current sheet (HCS), impacted the spacecraft. \ Aims: This paper addresses the investigation of the ICMEs encountered by Solar Orbiter on June 7\ensuremath-8, 2020, from both an observational and a modeli ...

Telloni, D.; Scolini, C.; Möstl, C.; Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.; Weiss, A.~J.; Reiss, M.~A.; Laker, R.; Perrone, D.; Khotyaintsev, Y.; Steinvall, K.; Sorriso-Valvo, L.; Horbury, T.~S.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.~F.; Bruno, R.; Amicis, R.; De Marco, R.; Jagarlamudi, V.~K.; Carbone, F.; Marino, R.; Stangalini, M.; Nakanotani, M.; Adhikari, L.; Liang, H.; Woodham, L.~D.; Davies, E.~E.; Hietala, H.; Perri, S.; omez-Herrero, R.; iguez-Pacheco, Rodr\; Antonucci, E.; Romoli, M.; Fineschi, S.; Maksimovic, M.; Sou\vcek, J.; Chust, T.; Kretzschmar, M.; Vecchio, A.; Müller, D.; Zouganelis, I.; Winslow, R.~M.; Giordano, S.; Mancuso, S.; Susino, R.; Ivanovski, S.~L.; Messerotti, M.; Brien, H.; Evans, V.; Angelini, V.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140648

Parker Data Used; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs); Sun: evolution; Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind; solar-terrestrial relations

The angular-momentum flux in the solar wind observed during Solar Orbiter s first orbit

\ Aims: We present the first measurements of the angular- momentum flux in the solar wind recorded by the Solar Orbiter spacecraft. Our aim is to validate these measurements to support future studies of the Sun s angular-momentum loss. \ Methods: We combined 60-min averages of the proton bulk moments and the magnetic field measured by the Solar Wind Analyser and the magnetometer onboard Solar Orbiter. We calculated the angular-momentum flux per solid-angle element using data from the first orbit of the mission s cruise phase ...

Verscharen, Daniel; Stansby, David; Finley, Adam; Owen, Christopher; Horbury, Timothy; Maksimovic, Milan; Velli, Marco; Bale, Stuart; Louarn, Philippe; Fedorov, Andrei; Bruno, Roberto; Livi, Stefano; Khotyaintsev, Yuri; Vecchio, Antonio; Lewis, Gethyn; Anekallu, Chandrasekhar; Kelly, Christopher; Watson, Gillian; Kataria, Dhiren; Brien, Helen; Evans, Vincent; Angelini, Virginia; SWA, MAG; Teams, RPW;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140956

magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); plasmas; Sun: magnetic fields; Solar wind; stars: rotation; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

The first widespread solar energetic particle event observed by Solar Orbiter on 2020 November 29

Context. On 2020 November 29, the first widespread solar energetic particle (SEP) event of solar cycle 25 was observed at four widely separated locations in the inner (\ensuremath\lesssim1 AU) heliosphere. Relativistic electrons as well as protons with energies > 50 MeV were observed by Solar Orbiter (SolO), Parker Solar Probe, the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO)-A and multiple near- Earth spacecraft. The SEP event was associated with an M4.4 class X-ray flare and accompanied by a coronal mass ejection and a ...

Kollhoff, A.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Lario, D.; Dresing, N.; omez-Herrero, R.; ia, Rodr\; Malandraki, O.~E.; Richardson, I.~G.; Posner, A.; Klein, K.; Pacheco, D.; Klassen, A.; Heber, B.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Laitinen, T.; Cernuda, I.; Dalla, S.; Lara, Espinosa; Vainio, R.; Köberle, M.; Kühl, R.; Xu, Z.~G.; Berger, L.; Eldrum, S.; Brüdern, M.; Laurenza, M.; Kilpua, E.~J.; Aran, A.; Rouillard, A.~P.; ik, Bu\vc\; Wijsen, N.; Pomoell, J.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.~F.; Martin, C.; Böttcher, S.~I.; von Forstner, J.~L.; Terasa, J.; Boden, S.; Kulkarni, S.~R.; Ravanbakhsh, A.; Yedla, M.; Janitzek, N.; iguez-Pacheco, Rodr\; Mateo, Prieto; Prieto, S.; Espada, Parra; Polo, Rodr\; in, Mart\; Carcaboso, F.; Mason, G.~M.; Ho, G.~C.; Allen, R.~C.; Andrews, Bruce; Schlemm, C.~E.; Seifert, H.; Tyagi, K.; Lees, W.~J.; Hayes, J.; Bale, S.~D.; Krupar, V.; Horbury, T.~S.; Angelini, V.; Evans, V.; Brien, H.; Maksimovic, M.; Khotyaintsev, Yu.; Vecchio, A.; Steinvall, K.; Asvestari, E.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140937

Parker Data Used; Sun: particle emission; Sun: heliosphere; Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs); Sun: flares; Interplanetary medium

Assessing the Role of Interchange Reconnection in Forming Switchbacks

Abrupt deflections of the magnetic field in the solar wind, so called switchbacks, are frequently observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first two orbits and are believed to play an important role in unveiling the nature of solar corona heating and solar wind acceleration in the inner heliosphere. Many attempts were made recently to understand the nature of switchbacks. However, the origin, propagation, and evolution of switchbacks are still under debate. In this study, we attempt to use the linear theory of ...

Liang, H.; Zank, G.~P.; Nakanotani, M.; Zhao, L.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0a73

Space plasmas; Solar wind; Solar magnetic fields; Parker Data Used; Solar magnetic reconnection; 1544; 1534; 1503; 1504

Time evolution of stream interaction region energetic particle spectra in the inner heliosphere

We analyze an energetic proton event associated with a stream interaction region (SIR) that was observed at Parker Solar Probe on day 320 of 2018 when the spacecraft was just 0.34 AU from the Sun. Using the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite, we perform a spectral analysis of the event and show how the observed spectra evolve over the course of the event. We find that the spectra from the first day of the event are much more consistent with local acceleration at a weak compression, while spectra fro ...

Joyce, C.; McComas, D.; Schwadron, N.; Christian, E.; Wiedenbeck, M.; McNutt, R.; Cohen, C.; Leske, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Stone, E.; Labrador, A.; Davis, A.; Cummings, A.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; Roelof, E.; Allen, R.; Szalay, J.; Rankin, J.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Matthaeus, W.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039330

acceleration of particles; Solar wind; magnetic fields; Parker Data Used

Time evolution of stream interaction region energetic particle spectra in the inner heliosphere

We analyze an energetic proton event associated with a stream interaction region (SIR) that was observed at Parker Solar Probe on day 320 of 2018 when the spacecraft was just 0.34 AU from the Sun. Using the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite, we perform a spectral analysis of the event and show how the observed spectra evolve over the course of the event. We find that the spectra from the first day of the event are much more consistent with local acceleration at a weak compression, while spectra fro ...

Joyce, C.; McComas, D.; Schwadron, N.; Christian, E.; Wiedenbeck, M.; McNutt, R.; Cohen, C.; Leske, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Stone, E.; Labrador, A.; Davis, A.; Cummings, A.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; Roelof, E.; Allen, R.; Szalay, J.; Rankin, J.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Matthaeus, W.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039330

acceleration of particles; Solar wind; magnetic fields; Parker Data Used

Energetic particle behavior in near-Sun magnetic field switchbacks from PSP

Context. The observation of numerous magnetic switchbacks and associated plasma jets in Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first five orbits, particularly near the Sun, has attracted considerable attention. Switchbacks have been found to be systematically associated with correlated reversals in the direction of the propagation of Alfvénic fluctuations, as well as similar reversals of the electron strahl.
Aims: Here we aim to see whether the energetic particles change direction at the magnetic field switchbacks.

Bandyopadhyay, R.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; Joyce, C.; Szalay, J.; Christian, E.; Giacalone, J.; Schwadron, N.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; McNutt, R.; Desai, M.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039800

Solar wind; magnetic fields; plasmas; turbulence; instabilities; waves; Parker Data Used

Energetic particle behavior in near-Sun magnetic field switchbacks from PSP

Context. The observation of numerous magnetic switchbacks and associated plasma jets in Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first five orbits, particularly near the Sun, has attracted considerable attention. Switchbacks have been found to be systematically associated with correlated reversals in the direction of the propagation of Alfvénic fluctuations, as well as similar reversals of the electron strahl.
Aims: Here we aim to see whether the energetic particles change direction at the magnetic field switchbacks.

Bandyopadhyay, R.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; Joyce, C.; Szalay, J.; Christian, E.; Giacalone, J.; Schwadron, N.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; McNutt, R.; Desai, M.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039800

Solar wind; magnetic fields; plasmas; turbulence; instabilities; waves; Parker Data Used

Thin silicon solid-state detectors for energetic particle measurements. Development, characterization, and application on NASA s Parker Solar Probe mission

Context. Silicon solid-state detectors are commonly used for measuring the specific ionization, dE∕dx, in instruments designed for identifying energetic nuclei using the dE∕dx versus total energy technique in space and in the laboratory. The energy threshold and species resolution of the technique strongly depend on the thickness and thickness uniformity of these detectors.
Aims: Research has been carried out to develop processes for fabricating detectors that are thinner than 15 μm, that have a thickness uniform ...

Wiedenbeck, M.; Burnham, J.; Cohen, C.; Cook, W.; Crabill, R.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Kecman, B.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Rankin, J.; Rusert, M.; Stone, E.; Christian, E.; Goodwin, P.; Link, J.; Nahory, B.; Shuman, S.; von Rosenvinge, T.; Tindall, C.; Black, H.; Bullough, M.; Clarke, N.; Glasson, V.; Greenwood, N.; Hawkins, C.; Johnson, T.; Newton, A.; Richardson, K.; Walsh, S.; Wilburn, C.; Birdwell, B.; Everett, d.; McComas, D.; Weidner, S.; Angold, N.; Schwadron, N.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039754

instrumentation: detectors; Sun: particle emission; acceleration of particles; space vehicles: instruments; Parker Data Used

Parker Solar Probe observations of He/H abundance variations in SEP events inside 0.5 au


Aims: The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) orbit provides an opportunity to study the inner heliosphere at distances closer to the Sun than previously possible. Due to the solar minimum conditions, the initial orbits of PSP yielded only a few solar energetic particle (SEP) events for study. Recently during the fifth orbit, at distances from 0.45 to 0.3 au, the energetic particle suite on PSP, Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS⊙IS), observed a series of six SEP events, adding to the limited number of SEP events ...

Cohen, C.; Christian, E.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Desai, M.; de Nolfo, G.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Mitchell, J.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Schwadron, N.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Vourlidas, A.; Bale, S.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039299

Sun: particle emission; Sun: activity; solar-terrestrial relations; Parker Data Used

Parker Solar Probe observations of He/H abundance variations in SEP events inside 0.5 au


Aims: The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) orbit provides an opportunity to study the inner heliosphere at distances closer to the Sun than previously possible. Due to the solar minimum conditions, the initial orbits of PSP yielded only a few solar energetic particle (SEP) events for study. Recently during the fifth orbit, at distances from 0.45 to 0.3 au, the energetic particle suite on PSP, Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS⊙IS), observed a series of six SEP events, adding to the limited number of SEP events ...

Cohen, C.; Christian, E.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Desai, M.; de Nolfo, G.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Mitchell, J.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Schwadron, N.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Vourlidas, A.; Bale, S.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039299

Sun: particle emission; Sun: activity; solar-terrestrial relations; Parker Data Used

Magnetic field line random walk and solar energetic particle path lengths. Stochastic theory and PSP/ISoIS observations

Context. In 2020 May-June, six solar energetic ion events were observed by the Parker Solar Probe/IS⊙IS instrument suite at ≈0.35 AU from the Sun. From standard velocity-dispersion analysis, the apparent ion path length is ≈0.625 AU at the onset of each event.
Aims: We develop a formalism for estimating the path length of random-walking magnetic field lines to explain why the apparent ion path length at an event onset greatly exceeds the radial distance from the Sun for these events.
Methods: We developed ...

Chhiber, R.; Matthaeus, W.; Cohen, C.; Ruffolo, D.; Sonsrettee, W.; Tooprakai, P.; Seripienlert, A.; Chuychai, P.; Usmanov, A.; Goldstein, M.; McComas, D.; Leske, R.; Christian, E.; Mewaldt, R.; Labrador, A.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039816"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Turbulent Proton Heating Rate in the Solar Wind from 545 R

Various remote sensing observations have been used so far to probe the turbulent properties of the solar wind. Using the recently reported density modulation indices that are derived using angular broadening observations of Crab Nebula during 19522013, we measured the solar wind proton heating using the kinetic Alfvn wave dispersion equation. The estimated heating rates vary from 1.58 1014 to 1.01 108 erg cm3 s1 in the heliocentric distance range of 545 R. Further, we found that he ...

Raja, Sasikumar; Subramanian, Prasad; Ingale, Madhusudan; Ramesh, R.; Maksimovic, Milan;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfcd1

Solar wind; Radio occultation; 1534; 1351; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Could Switchbacks Originate in the Lower Solar Atmosphere? II. Propagation of Switchbacks in the Solar Corona

The magnetic switchbacks observed recently by the Parker Solar Probe have raised the question about their nature and origin. One of the competing theories of their origin is the interchange reconnection in the solar corona. In this scenario, switchbacks are generated at the reconnection site between open and closed magnetic fields, and are either advected by an upflow or propagate as waves into the solar wind. In this paper we test the wave hypothesis, numerically modeling the propagation of a switchback, modeled as an embed ...

Magyar, Norbert; Utz, Dominik; Erdélyi, Robertus; Nakariakov, Valery;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfa98

Solar wind; Magnetohydrodynamics; Alfven waves; Solar Coronal Waves; Nonlinear regression; 1534; 1964; 23; 1995; 1948; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Evolution of Solar Wind Turbulence from 0.1 to 1 au during the First Parker Solar Probe-Solar Orbiter Radial Alignment

The first radial alignment between Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter spacecraft is used to investigate the evolution of solar wind turbulence in the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, two 1.5 hr intervals are tentatively identified as providing measurements of the same plasma parcels traveling from 0.1 to 1 au. Using magnetic field measurements from both spacecraft, the properties of turbulence in the two intervals are assessed. Magnetic spectral density, flatness, and high-order moment scaling laws are ca ...

Telloni, Daniele; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Woodham, Lloyd; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Carbone, Francesco; Zank, Gary; Bruno, Roberto; Perrone, Denise; Nakanotani, Masaru; Shi, Chen; Amicis, Raffaella; De Marco, Rossana; Jagarlamudi, Vamsee; Steinvall, Konrad; Marino, Raffaele; Adhikari, Laxman; Zhao, Lingling; Liang, Haoming; Tenerani, Anna; Laker, Ronan; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; MacDowall, Robert; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Owen, Christopher; Livi, Stefano; Louarn, Philippe; Antonucci, Ester; Romoli, Marco; Brien, Helen; Evans, Vincent; Angelini, Virginia;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf7d1

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Alfven waves; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1964; 23; 1544; 830; 1534

First Observations of Anomalous Cosmic Rays in to 36 Solar Radii

NASA s Parker Solar Probe mission continues to travel closer to the Sun than any prior human-made object, with an expected closest approach of <10 solar radii (<0.046 au) by 2024. On board, the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite makes unprecedented in situ measurements of energetic particles in the near-Sun environment. The current low level of solar activity offers a prime opportunity to measure cosmic rays closer to the Sun than ever before. We present the first observations of anomalous cosmic ra ...

Rankin, J.; McComas, D.; Leske, R.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Cummings, A.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Mewaldt, R.; Posner, A.; Schwadron, N.; Strauss, R.; Stone, E.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec7e

cosmic rays; Solar wind; Heliosphere; Solar energetic particles; Solar Physics; solar cycle; Quiet Sun; Particle astrophysics; interplanetary magnetic fields; Plasma astrophysics; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Pickup ions; 329; 1534; 711; 1491; 1476; 1487; 1322; 96; 824; 1261; 826; 1239; Parker Data Used

The Transport Equation for the Dispersal of Passive Tracers in a Nonuniform Turbulent Fluid: Numerical Simulations

The random advection of passive additives in a turbulent fluid plays an important role in solar physics, astrophysics, and atmospheric sciences. We concern ourselves here with the case where the fluctuations are not statistically homogeneous in space, and, hence, where the transport coefficients vary with position. Using a numerical model in which the fluid turbulence is defined kinematically, we show that the evolution of the distribution of passive tracers in the fluid is not always governed by the ordinary diffusion equat ...

Giacalone, Joe;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abf0b2

Plasma astrophysics; Solar magnetic fields; hydrodynamics; Astrophysical fluid dynamics; Atmospheric science; 1261; 1503; 1963; 101; 116; Parker Data Used

Parker Solar Probe FIELDS Instrument Charging in the Near Sun Environment: Part 2: Comparison of In Flight Data and Modeling Results

This research shows Part II of the Spacecraft Interaction Plasma Software (SPIS) used to model the parker solar probe (PSP) FIELDS instrument and its interactions with the Solar Wind. Flight data were used to run the PSP model and compared with models using past predicted parameters. The effect of voltage biasing between the antenna, its shield, and the spacecraft on the current balance of each surface was investigated at first perihelion (0.16AU). The model data were reduced to I-V curves to find current saturations (analys ...

Diaz-Aguado, M.; Bonnell, J.; Bale, S.; Wang, J.; Gruntman, M.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028689

plasma environment; spacecraft charging; Parker Data Used



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