PSP Bibliography





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Found 108 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2021

Exploiting white-light observations to improve estimates of magnetic connectivity

The \emph\Solar Orbiter\ (\emph\SolO\) and \emph\Parker Solar Probe\ (\emph\PSP\) missions have opened up new challenges for the heliospheric scientific community. Their proximity to the Sun and their high quality measurements allow us to investigate, for the first time, potential sources for the solar wind plasma measured in situ. More accurate estimates of magnetic connectivities from spacecraft to the Sun are required to support science and operations for these missions. We present a methodology to systematically compare ...

Poirier, Nicolas; Rouillard, Alexis; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Przybylak, Alexis; Fargette, Na; Pobeda, Rapha; eville, Victor; Pinto, Rui; Indurain, Mikel; Alexandre, Matthieu;

Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: may

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2021.684734

White-Light Imagery; modeling; space weather; Sun: slow solar wind; Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: coronal streamers

Exploiting white-light observations to improve estimates of magnetic connectivity

The \emph\Solar Orbiter\ (\emph\SolO\) and \emph\Parker Solar Probe\ (\emph\PSP\) missions have opened up new challenges for the heliospheric scientific community. Their proximity to the Sun and their high quality measurements allow us to investigate, for the first time, potential sources for the solar wind plasma measured in situ. More accurate estimates of magnetic connectivities from spacecraft to the Sun are required to support science and operations for these missions. We present a methodology to systematically compare ...

Poirier, Nicolas; Rouillard, Alexis; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Przybylak, Alexis; Fargette, Na; Pobeda, Rapha; eville, Victor; Pinto, Rui; Indurain, Mikel; Alexandre, Matthieu;

Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: may

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2021.684734

White-Light Imagery; modeling; space weather; Sun: slow solar wind; Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: coronal streamers

Solar wind energy flux observations in the inner heliosphere: First results from Parker Solar Probe

\ Aims: We investigate the solar wind energy flux in the inner heliosphere using 12-day observations around each perihelion of Encounter One (E01), Two (E02), Four (E04), and Five (E05) of Parker Solar Probe (PSP), respectively, with a minimum heliocentric distance of 27.8 solar radii (R$_\ensuremath\odot$). \ Methods: Energy flux was calculated based on electron parameters (density n$_e$, core electron temperature T$_c$, and suprathermal electron temperature T$_h$) obtained from the simplified analysis of the plasma quasi-t ...

Liu, M.; Issautier, K.; Meyer-Vernet, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Maksimovic, M.; Halekas, J.; Huang, J.; Griton, L.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039615"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Multi-spacecraft study of the solar wind at solar minimum: Dependence on latitude and transient outflows

Context. The recent launches of Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter (SO), and BepiColombo, along with several older spacecraft, have provided the opportunity to study the solar wind at multiple latitudes and distances from the Sun simultaneously. \ Aims: We take advantage of this unique spacecraft constellation, along with low solar activity across two solar rotations between May and July 2020, to investigate how the solar wind structure, including the heliospheric current sheet (HCS), varies with latitude. \ Methods: We visua ...

Laker, R.; Horbury, T.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Matteini, L.; Woolley, T.; Woodham, L.~D.; Stawarz, J.~E.; Davies, E.~E.; Eastwood, J.~P.; Owens, M.~J.; Brien, H.; Evans, V.; Angelini, V.; Richter, I.; Heyner, D.; Owen, C.~J.; Louarn, P.; Fedorov, A.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140679

Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs); Solar wind; Sun: heliosphere; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Plasma Properties, Switchback Patches and Low \ensuremath\alpha-Particle Abundance in Slow Alfv\ enic Coronal Hole Wind at 0.13 au

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission presents a unique opportunity to study the near-Sun solar wind closer than any previous spacecraft. During its fourth and fifth solar encounters, PSP had the same orbital trajectory, meaning that solar wind was measured at the same latitudes and radial distances. We identify two streams measured at the same heliocentric distance (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.13au) and latitude (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde-3.5$^○$) across these encounters to reduce spatial evolution effects. By com ...

Woolley, Thomas; Matteini, Lorenzo; McManus, Michael; Ber\vci\vc, Laura; Badman, Samuel; Woodham, Lloyd; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Laker, Ronan; Stawarz, Julia; Larson, Davin;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stab2281

Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind; magnetic fields; Parker Data Used

Assessing the Role of Interchange Reconnection in Forming Switchbacks

Abrupt deflections of the magnetic field in the solar wind, so called switchbacks, are frequently observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first two orbits and are believed to play an important role in unveiling the nature of solar corona heating and solar wind acceleration in the inner heliosphere. Many attempts were made recently to understand the nature of switchbacks. However, the origin, propagation, and evolution of switchbacks are still under debate. In this study, we attempt to use the linear theory of ...

Liang, H.; Zank, G.~P.; Nakanotani, M.; Zhao, L.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0a73

Space plasmas; Solar wind; Solar magnetic fields; Parker Data Used; Solar magnetic reconnection; 1544; 1534; 1503; 1504

Flux Ropes, Turbulence, and Collisionless Perpendicular Shock Waves: High Plasma Beta Case

With the onset of solar maximum and the expected increased prevalence of interplanetary shock waves, Parker Solar Probe is likely to observe numerous shocks in the next few years. An outstanding question that has received surprisingly little attention has been how turbulence interacts with collisionless shock waves. Turbulence in the supersonic solar wind is described frequently as a superposition of a majority 2D and a minority slab component. We formulate a collisional perpendicular shock-turbulence transmission problem in ...

Zank, G.; Nakanotani, M.; Zhao, L.; Du, S.; Adhikari, L.; Che, H.; le Roux, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abf7c8

Interplanetary shocks; interplanetary turbulence; 829; 830; Parker Data Used

Prevalence of magnetic reconnection in the near-Sun heliospheric current sheet

During three of its first five orbits around the Sun, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) crossed the large-scale heliospheric current sheet (HCS) multiple times and provided unprecedented detailed plasma and field observations of the near-Sun HCS. We report the common detections by PSP of reconnection exhaust signatures in the HCS at heliocentric distances of 29.5-107 solar radii during encounters 1, 4, and 5. Both sunward and antisunward-directed reconnection exhausts were observed. In the sunward reconnection exhausts, PSP detected ...

Phan, T.; Lavraud, B.; Halekas, J.; Øieroset, M.; Drake, J.; Eastwood, J.; Shay, M.; Pyakurel, P.; Bale, S.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Whittlesey, P.; Rahmati, A.; Pulupa, M.; McManus, M.; Verniero, J.; Bonnell, J.; Schwadron, N.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Szabo, P.; Koval, A.; Korreck, K.; de Wit, Dudok; Malaspina, D.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039863

Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind; Sun: flares; Parker Data Used

Prevalence of magnetic reconnection in the near-Sun heliospheric current sheet

During three of its first five orbits around the Sun, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) crossed the large-scale heliospheric current sheet (HCS) multiple times and provided unprecedented detailed plasma and field observations of the near-Sun HCS. We report the common detections by PSP of reconnection exhaust signatures in the HCS at heliocentric distances of 29.5-107 solar radii during encounters 1, 4, and 5. Both sunward and antisunward-directed reconnection exhausts were observed. In the sunward reconnection exhausts, PSP detected ...

Phan, T.; Lavraud, B.; Halekas, J.; Øieroset, M.; Drake, J.; Eastwood, J.; Shay, M.; Pyakurel, P.; Bale, S.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Whittlesey, P.; Rahmati, A.; Pulupa, M.; McManus, M.; Verniero, J.; Bonnell, J.; Schwadron, N.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Szabo, P.; Koval, A.; Korreck, K.; de Wit, Dudok; Malaspina, D.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039863

Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind; Sun: flares; Parker Data Used

Detection of small magnetic flux ropes from the third and fourth Parker Solar Probe encounters

Context.
Aims: We systematically search for magnetic flux rope structures in the solar wind to within the closest distance to the Sun of ~0.13 AU, using data from the third and fourth orbits of the Parker Solar Probe.
Methods: We extended our previous magnetic helicity-based technique of identifying magnetic flux rope structures. The method was improved upon to incorporate the azimuthal flow, which becomes larger as the spacecraft approaches the Sun.
Results: A total of 21 and 34 magnetic flux ropes are ...

Zhao, L.; Zank, G.; Hu, Q.; Telloni, D.; Chen, Y.; Adhikari, L.; Nakanotani, M.; Kasper, J.; Huang, J.; Bale, S.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Whittlesey, P.; Klein, K.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039298

Solar wind; Sun: magnetic fields; turbulence; methods: observational; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Magnetic field line random walk and solar energetic particle path lengths. Stochastic theory and PSP/ISoIS observations

Context. In 2020 May-June, six solar energetic ion events were observed by the Parker Solar Probe/IS⊙IS instrument suite at ≈0.35 AU from the Sun. From standard velocity-dispersion analysis, the apparent ion path length is ≈0.625 AU at the onset of each event.
Aims: We develop a formalism for estimating the path length of random-walking magnetic field lines to explain why the apparent ion path length at an event onset greatly exceeds the radial distance from the Sun for these events.
Methods: We developed ...

Chhiber, R.; Matthaeus, W.; Cohen, C.; Ruffolo, D.; Sonsrettee, W.; Tooprakai, P.; Seripienlert, A.; Chuychai, P.; Usmanov, A.; Goldstein, M.; McComas, D.; Leske, R.; Christian, E.; Mewaldt, R.; Labrador, A.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039816"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Turbulent Proton Heating Rate in the Solar Wind from 545 R

Various remote sensing observations have been used so far to probe the turbulent properties of the solar wind. Using the recently reported density modulation indices that are derived using angular broadening observations of Crab Nebula during 19522013, we measured the solar wind proton heating using the kinetic Alfvn wave dispersion equation. The estimated heating rates vary from 1.58 1014 to 1.01 108 erg cm3 s1 in the heliocentric distance range of 545 R. Further, we found that he ...

Raja, Sasikumar; Subramanian, Prasad; Ingale, Madhusudan; Ramesh, R.; Maksimovic, Milan;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfcd1

Solar wind; Radio occultation; 1534; 1351; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Could Switchbacks Originate in the Lower Solar Atmosphere? II. Propagation of Switchbacks in the Solar Corona

The magnetic switchbacks observed recently by the Parker Solar Probe have raised the question about their nature and origin. One of the competing theories of their origin is the interchange reconnection in the solar corona. In this scenario, switchbacks are generated at the reconnection site between open and closed magnetic fields, and are either advected by an upflow or propagate as waves into the solar wind. In this paper we test the wave hypothesis, numerically modeling the propagation of a switchback, modeled as an embed ...

Magyar, Norbert; Utz, Dominik; Erdélyi, Robertus; Nakariakov, Valery;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abfa98

Solar wind; Magnetohydrodynamics; Alfven waves; Solar Coronal Waves; Nonlinear regression; 1534; 1964; 23; 1995; 1948; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Discontinuity analysis of the leading switchback transition regions

Context. Magnetic switchbacks are magnetic structures characterized as intervals of sudden reversal in the radial component of the pristine solar wind s magnetic field. Switchbacks comprise of magnetic spikes that are preceded and succeeded by switchback transition regions within which the radial magnetic field reverses. Determining switchback generation and evolution mechanisms will further our understanding of the global circulation and transportation of the Sun s open magnetic flux.
Aims: The present study juxtapos ...

Akhavan-Tafti, M.; Kasper, J.; Huang, J.; Bale, S.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039508

magnetic reconnection; magnetic fields; Solar wind; methods: data analysis; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); instabilities; Parker Data Used

Evolution of Solar Wind Turbulence from 0.1 to 1 au during the First Parker Solar Probe-Solar Orbiter Radial Alignment

The first radial alignment between Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter spacecraft is used to investigate the evolution of solar wind turbulence in the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, two 1.5 hr intervals are tentatively identified as providing measurements of the same plasma parcels traveling from 0.1 to 1 au. Using magnetic field measurements from both spacecraft, the properties of turbulence in the two intervals are assessed. Magnetic spectral density, flatness, and high-order moment scaling laws are ca ...

Telloni, Daniele; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Woodham, Lloyd; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Carbone, Francesco; Zank, Gary; Bruno, Roberto; Perrone, Denise; Nakanotani, Masaru; Shi, Chen; Amicis, Raffaella; De Marco, Rossana; Jagarlamudi, Vamsee; Steinvall, Konrad; Marino, Raffaele; Adhikari, Laxman; Zhao, Lingling; Liang, Haoming; Tenerani, Anna; Laker, Ronan; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; MacDowall, Robert; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Owen, Christopher; Livi, Stefano; Louarn, Philippe; Antonucci, Ester; Romoli, Marco; Brien, Helen; Evans, Vincent; Angelini, Virginia;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf7d1

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Alfven waves; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1964; 23; 1544; 830; 1534

Evolution of Solar Wind Turbulence from 0.1 to 1 au during the First Parker Solar Probe-Solar Orbiter Radial Alignment

The first radial alignment between Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter spacecraft is used to investigate the evolution of solar wind turbulence in the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, two 1.5 hr intervals are tentatively identified as providing measurements of the same plasma parcels traveling from 0.1 to 1 au. Using magnetic field measurements from both spacecraft, the properties of turbulence in the two intervals are assessed. Magnetic spectral density, flatness, and high-order moment scaling laws are ca ...

Telloni, Daniele; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Woodham, Lloyd; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Carbone, Francesco; Zank, Gary; Bruno, Roberto; Perrone, Denise; Nakanotani, Masaru; Shi, Chen; Amicis, Raffaella; De Marco, Rossana; Jagarlamudi, Vamsee; Steinvall, Konrad; Marino, Raffaele; Adhikari, Laxman; Zhao, Lingling; Liang, Haoming; Tenerani, Anna; Laker, Ronan; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; MacDowall, Robert; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Owen, Christopher; Livi, Stefano; Louarn, Philippe; Antonucci, Ester; Romoli, Marco; Brien, Helen; Evans, Vincent; Angelini, Virginia;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf7d1

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Alfven waves; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1964; 23; 1544; 830; 1534

Electron Acceleration during Macroscale Magnetic Reconnection

The first self-consistent simulations of electron acceleration during magnetic reconnection in a macroscale system are presented. Consistent with solar flare observations, the spectra of energetic electrons take the form of power laws that extend more than two decades in energy. The drive mechanism for these nonthermal electrons is Fermi reflection in growing and merging magnetic flux ropes. A strong guide field suppresses the production of nonthermal electrons by weakening the Fermi drive mechanism. For a weak guide field t ...

Arnold, H.; Drake, J.; Swisdak, M.; Guo, F.; Dahlin, J.; Chen, B.; Fleishman, G.; Glesener, L.; Kontar, E.; Phan, T.; Shen, C.;

Published by: Physical Review Letters      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.135101

Parker Data Used; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

Electron Acceleration during Macroscale Magnetic Reconnection

The first self-consistent simulations of electron acceleration during magnetic reconnection in a macroscale system are presented. Consistent with solar flare observations, the spectra of energetic electrons take the form of power laws that extend more than two decades in energy. The drive mechanism for these nonthermal electrons is Fermi reflection in growing and merging magnetic flux ropes. A strong guide field suppresses the production of nonthermal electrons by weakening the Fermi drive mechanism. For a weak guide field t ...

Arnold, H.; Drake, J.; Swisdak, M.; Guo, F.; Dahlin, J.; Chen, B.; Fleishman, G.; Glesener, L.; Kontar, E.; Phan, T.; Shen, C.;

Published by: Physical Review Letters      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.135101

Parker Data Used; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

Could Switchbacks Originate in the Lower Solar Atmosphere? I. Formation Mechanisms of Switchbacks

The recent rediscovery of magnetic field switchbacks or deflections embedded in the solar wind flow by the Parker Solar Probe mission lead to a huge interest in the modeling of the formation mechanisms and origin of these switchbacks. Several scenarios for their generation were put forth, ranging from lower solar atmospheric origins by reconnection, to being a manifestation of turbulence in the solar wind, and so on. Here we study some potential formation mechanisms of magnetic switchbacks in the lower solar atmosphere, usin ...

Magyar, Norbert; Utz, Dominik; Erdélyi, Robertus; Nakariakov, Valery;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec49

Parker Data Used; Solar atmosphere; Solar Physics; Magnetohydrodynamics; 1477; 1476; 1964; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Upflows in the Upper Solar Atmosphere

Spectroscopic observations at extreme- and far-ultraviolet wavelengths have revealed systematic upflows in the solar transition region and corona. These upflows are best seen in the network structures of the quiet Sun and coronal holes, boundaries of active regions, and dimming regions associated with coronal mass ejections. They have been intensively studied in the past two decades because they are likely to be closely related to the formation of the solar wind and heating of the upper solar atmosphere. We present an overvi ...

Tian, Hui; Harra, Louise; Baker, Deborah; Brooks, David; Xia, Lidong;

Published by: Solar Physics      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-021-01792-7

Active regions; velocity field; Coronal holes; coronal mass ejections; low coronal signatures; Heating; coronal; Spectral line; broadening; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Measurement of Magnetic Field Fluctuations in the Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter Missions

The search coil magnetometer (SCM) measures the magnetic signature of solar wind fluctuations with three components in the 3 Hz-50 kHz range and one single component in the 1 kHz-1 MHz range. This instrument is important for providing in situ observations of transients caused by interplanetary shocks and reconnection, for the identification of electromagnetic wave modes in plasmas and the determination of their characteristics (planarity, polarization, ellipticity, and k vector) and for studying the turbulent cascade in the ...

Jannet, G.; de Wit, Dudok; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Kretzschmar, M.; Fergeau, P.; Bergerard-Timofeeva, M.; Agrapart, C.; Brochot, J; Chalumeau, G.; Martin, P.; Revillet, C.; Bale, S.; Maksimovic, M.; Bowen, T.; Brysbaert, C.; Goetz, K.; Guilhem, E.; Harvey, P.; Leray, V.; Lorfèvre, E.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028543

Parker Data Used; magnetometer; parker solar probe; search coil; Solar Orbiter

Random Walk and Trapping of Interplanetary Magnetic Field Lines: Global Simulation, Magnetic Connectivity, and Implications for Solar Energetic Particles

The random walk of magnetic field lines is an important ingredient in understanding how the connectivity of the magnetic field affects the spatial transport and diffusion of charged particles. As solar energetic particles propagate away from near-solar sources, they interact with the fluctuating magnetic field, which modifies their distributions. We develop a formalism in which the differential equation describing the field line random walk contains both effects due to localized magnetic displacements and a non-stochastic co ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Ruffolo, David; Matthaeus, William; Usmanov, Arcadi; Tooprakai, Paisan; Chuychai, Piyanate; Goldstein, Melvyn;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7f0

Parker Data Used; Solar energetic particles; interplanetary turbulence; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar wind; 1491; 830; 824; 1534; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Three-dimensional Simulations of the Inhomogeneous Low Solar Wind

Magyar, N.; Nakariakov, V.~M.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 01/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd02f

Fast solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Magnetohydrodynamical simulations; Solar Coronal Waves; 1872; 830; 1966; 1995; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

2020

Electron heat flux in the near-Sun environment

\ Aims: We survey the electron heat flux observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) in the near-Sun environment at heliocentric distances of 0.125-0.25 AU. \ Methods: We utilized measurements from the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons and FIELDS experiments to compute the solar wind electron heat flux and its components and to place these in context. \ Results: The PSP observations reveal a number of trends in the electron heat flux signatures near the Sun. The magnitude of the heat flux is anticorrelated with solar wind ...

Halekas, J.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; McGinnis, D.; Bale, S.; Berthomier, M.; Case, A.; Chandran, B.; Kasper, J.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Maksimovic, M.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039256"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Modeling proton and electron heating in the fast solar wind

Context. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) measures solar wind protons and electrons near the Sun. To study the thermodynamic properties of electrons and protons, we include electron effects, such as distributed turbulent heating between protons and electrons, Coulomb collisions between protons and electrons, and heat conduction of electrons. \ Aims: We develop a general theoretical model of nearly incompressible magnetohydrodynamic (NI MHD) turbulence coupled with a solar wind model that includes electron pressure and heat flux. ...

Adhikari, L.; Zank, G.P.; Zhao, L.-L.; Nakanotani, M.; Tasnim, S.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039297"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Statistical analysis of orientation, shape, and size of solar wind switchbacks

Context. One of the main discoveries from the first two orbits of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was the presence of magnetic switchbacks, whose deflections dominated the magnetic field measurements. Determining their shape and size could provide evidence of their origin, which is still unclear. Previous work with a single solar wind stream has indicated that these are long, thin structures although the direction of their major axis could not be determined. \ Aims: We investigate if this long, thin nature extends to other solar wi ...

Laker, R.; Horbury, T.; Bale, S.; Matteini, L.; Woolley, T.; Woodham, L.; Badman, S.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039354"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Tracking solar wind flows from rapidly varying viewpoints by the Wide-field Imager for Parker Solar Probe

\ Aims: Our goal is to develop methodologies to seamlessly track transient solar wind flows viewed by coronagraphs or heliospheric imagers from rapidly varying viewpoints. \ Methods: We constructed maps of intensity versus time and elongation (J-maps) from Parker Solar Probe (PSP) Wide- field Imager (WISPR) observations during the fourth encounter of PSP. From the J-map, we built an intensity on impact-radius-on- Thomson-surface map (R-map). Finally, we constructed a latitudinal intensity versus time map (Lat-map). Our metho ...

Nindos, A.; Patsourakos, S.; Vourlidas, A.; Liewer, P.C.; Penteado, P.; Hall, J.R.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039414"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Enhanced proton parallel temperature inside patches of switchbacks in the inner heliosphere

Context. Switchbacks are discrete angular deflections in the solar wind magnetic field that have been observed throughout the heliosphere. Recent observations by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) have revealed the presence of patches of switchbacks on the scale of hours to days, separated by quieter radial fields. \ Aims: We aim to further diagnose the origin of these patches using measurements of proton temperature anisotropy that can illuminate possible links to formation processes in the solar corona. \ Methods: We fitted 3D bi- ...

Woodham, L.; Horbury, T.; Matteini, L.; Woolley, T.; Laker, R.; Bale, S.; Nicolaou, G.; Stawarz, J.; Stansby, D.; Hietala, H.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Verniero, J.; McManus, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Raouafi, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039415"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Switchbacks as signatures of magnetic flux ropes generated by interchange reconnection in the corona

The structure of magnetic flux ropes injected into the solar wind during reconnection in the coronal atmosphere is explored with particle-in-cell simulations and compared with in situ measurements of magnetic switchbacks from the Parker Solar Probe. We suggest that multi-x-line reconnection between open and closed flux in the corona injects flux ropes into the solar wind and that these flux ropes convect outward over long distances before eroding due to reconnection. Simulations that explore the magnetic structure of flu ...

Drake, J.; Agapitov, A.; Swisdak, M.; Badman, S.; Bale, S.; Horbury, T.; Kasper, Justin; MacDowall, R.; Mozer, F.; Phan, T.; Pulupa, M.; Szabo, A.; Velli, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039432"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Switchbacks as signatures of magnetic flux ropes generated by interchange reconnection in the corona

The structure of magnetic flux ropes injected into the solar wind during reconnection in the coronal atmosphere is explored with particle-in-cell simulations and compared with in situ measurements of magnetic switchbacks from the Parker Solar Probe. We suggest that multi-x-line reconnection between open and closed flux in the corona injects flux ropes into the solar wind and that these flux ropes convect outward over long distances before eroding due to reconnection. Simulations that explore the magnetic structure of flu ...

Drake, J.; Agapitov, A.; Swisdak, M.; Badman, S.; Bale, S.; Horbury, T.; Kasper, Justin; MacDowall, R.; Mozer, F.; Phan, T.; Pulupa, M.; Szabo, A.; Velli, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039432"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Sensitivity of solar wind mass flux to coronal temperature

Solar wind models predict that the mass flux carried away from the Sun in the solar wind should be extremely sensitive to the temperature in the corona, where the solar wind is accelerated. We perform a direct test of this prediction in coronal holes and active regions using a combination of in situ and remote sensing observations. For coronal holes, a 50\% increase in temperature from 0.8 to 1.2 MK is associated with a tripling of the coronal mass flux. This trend is maintained within active regions at temperatures over 2 M ...

Stansby, D.; Bercic, L.; Matteini, L.; Owen, C.; French, R.; Baker, D.; Badman, S.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039789"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulent Evolution of a Magnetic Cloud in the Outer Heliosphere

Telloni, Daniele; Zhao, Lingling; Zank, Gary; Liang, Haoming; Nakanotani, Masaru; Adhikari, Laxman; Carbone, Francesco; Amicis, Raffaella; Perrone, Denise; Bruno, Roberto; Dasso, Sergio;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 12/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abcb03

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; interplanetary turbulence; Solar coronal mass ejections; interplanetary magnetic fields; Heliosphere; Solar wind; Solar magnetic reconnection; 1964; 830; 310; 824; 711; 1534; 1504

Proton core behaviour inside magnetic field switchbacks

During Parker Solar Probe s first two orbits, there are widespread observations of rapid magnetic field reversals known as switchbacks. These switchbacks are extensively found in the near-Sun solar wind, appear to occur in patches, and have possible links to various phenomena such as magnetic reconnection near the solar surface. As switchbacks are associated with faster plasma flows, we questioned whether they are hotter than the background plasma and whether the microphysics inside a switchback is different to its surroundi ...

Woolley, Thomas; Matteini, Lorenzo; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Woodham, Lloyd; Laker, Ronan; Alterman, Benjamin; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; Kasper, Justin; Klein, Kristopher; Martinovic, Mihailo; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa2770

Parker Data Used

Solar Wind Plasma Particles Organized by the Flow Speed

Recent reports of the first data from Parker Solar Probe (PSP) have pointed to a series of links, correlations or anti-correlations between the solar wind bulk speed (VSW) and physical properties of plasma particles from less than 0.25 AU in the corona. In the present paper, we describe corresponding and additional links of solar wind properties, at 0.4 AU and 1.0 AU, in an attempt to complement the PSP data and understand their evolution. A detailed analysis is carried out for the main electron populations, comparing the lo ...

Pierrard, Viviane; Lazar, Marian; Stverak, Stepan;

Published by: SOLAR PHYSICS      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01730-z

Parker Data Used

The Origin of Switchbacks in the Solar Corona: Linear Theory

The origin, structure, and propagation characteristics of a switchback are compelling questions posed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations of velocity spikes and magnetic field reversals. By assuming interchange reconnection between coronal loop and open magnetic field, we show that this results in the generation of upward (into the heliosphere) and downward complex structures propagating at the fast magnetosonic speed (i.e., the Alfvén speed in the low plasma beta corona) that can have an arbitrary radial magnetic fiel ...

Zank, G.; Nakanotani, M.; Zhao, L.-L.; Adhikari, L.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb828

Parker Data Used; Active Solar Corona; Solar Coronal Waves; interplanetary turbulence

Spectral Anisotropy in 2D plus Slab Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence in the Solar Wind and Upper Corona

Zank, G.~P.; Nakanotani, M.; Zhao, L.; Adhikari, L.; Telloni, D.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abad30

Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; 830

Understanding the origins of the heliosphere: integrating observations and measurements from Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter, and other space- and ground-based observatories

Context. The launch of\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\ (PSP) in 2018, followed by\ Solar\ Orbiter (SO) in February 2020, has opened a new window in the exploration of\ solar\ magnetic activity and the origin of the heliosphere. These missions, together with other space observatories dedicated to\ solar\ observations, such as the\ Solar\ Dynamics Observatory, Hinode, IRIS, STEREO, and SOHO, with complementary in situ observations from WIND and ACE, and ground based multi-w ...

Velli, M.; Harra, L.; Vourlidas, A.; Schwadron, N.; Panasenco, O.; Liewer, P.; Müller, D.; Zouganelis, I.; St Cyr, O.; Gilbert, H.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Auchère, F.; Berghmans, D.; Fludra, A.; Horbury, T.; Howard, R.; Krucker, S.; Maksimovic, M.; Owen, C.; iguez-Pacheco, Rodr\; Romoli, M.; Solanki, S.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; McComas, D.; Raouafi, N.; Martinez-Pillet, V.; Walsh, A.; De Groof, A.; Williams, D.;

Published by: Astronomy \& Astrophysics      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202038245

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; solar-terrestrial relations; Sun: atmosphere; Sun: corona; Sun: heliosphere; Sun: magnetic fields

The Solar Origin of Particle Events Measured by Parker Solar Probe

During the second solar encounter phase of Parker Solar Probe (PSP), two small solar energetic particle (SEP) events were observed by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun, on 2019 April 2 and 4. At the time, PSP was approaching its second perihelion at a distance of \~24.8 million kilometers from the solar center, it was in near-radial alignment with STEREO-A and in quadrature with Earth. During the two SEP events multiple narrow ejections and a streamer-blowout coronal mass ejection (SBO-CME) originated from a ...

Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Vourlidas, Angelos; Rouillard, Alexis; Roelof, Edmond; Leske, Rick; Pinto, Rui; Poirier, Nicolas;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aba5a1

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar coronal mass ejection shocks; Solar coronal mass ejections; Solar energetic particles; Solar particle emission; Solar Probe Plus

Spectral Features in Field-aligned Solar Wind Turbulence from Parker Solar Probe Observations

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed a large variety of Alfv\ enic fluctuations in the fast and slow solar wind flow during its two perihelia. The properties of Alfv\ enic solar wind turbulence have been studied for decades in the near-Earth environment. A spectral index of -5/3 or -2 for magnetic field fluctuations has been observed using spacecraft measurements, which can be explained by turbulence theories of nearly incompressible magnetohydrodynamics (NI MHD) or critical balance. In this study, a rigorous search of field ...

Zhao, L.-L.; Zank, G.; Adhikari, L.; Nakanotani, M.; Telloni, D.; Carbone, F.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab9b7e

interplanetary turbulence; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Spectral index

The Heliospheric Current Sheet and Plasma Sheet during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights First Orbit

We present heliospheric current sheet (HCS) and plasma sheet (HPS) observations during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first orbit around the Sun. We focus on the eight intervals that display a true sector boundary (TSB; based on suprathermal electron pitch angle distributions) with one or several associated current sheets. The analysis shows that (1) the main density enhancements in the vicinity of the TSB and HCS are typically associated with electron strahl dropouts, implying magnetic disconnection from the Su ...

Lavraud, B.; Fargette, N.; eville, V.; Szabo, A.; Huang, J.; Rouillard, A.; Viall, N.; Phan, T.; Kasper, J.; Bale, S.; Berthomier, M.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Eastwood, J.; enot, V.; Goetz, K.; Griton, L.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.; Kieokaew, R.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Larson, D.; Lavarra, M.; Livi, R.; Louarn, P.; MacDowall, R.; Maksimovic, M.; Malaspina, D.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Pinto, R.; Poirier, N.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Toledo-Redondo, S.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8d2d

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Heliospheric Current Sheet and Plasma Sheet during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights First Orbit

We present heliospheric current sheet (HCS) and plasma sheet (HPS) observations during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first orbit around the Sun. We focus on the eight intervals that display a true sector boundary (TSB; based on suprathermal electron pitch angle distributions) with one or several associated current sheets. The analysis shows that (1) the main density enhancements in the vicinity of the TSB and HCS are typically associated with electron strahl dropouts, implying magnetic disconnection from the Su ...

Lavraud, B.; Fargette, N.; eville, V.; Szabo, A.; Huang, J.; Rouillard, A.; Viall, N.; Phan, T.; Kasper, J.; Bale, S.; Berthomier, M.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Eastwood, J.; enot, V.; Goetz, K.; Griton, L.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.; Kieokaew, R.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Larson, D.; Lavarra, M.; Livi, R.; Louarn, P.; MacDowall, R.; Maksimovic, M.; Malaspina, D.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Pinto, R.; Poirier, N.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Toledo-Redondo, S.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8d2d

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Proton Beams Simultaneous with Ion-scale Waves

Parker Solar Probe (PSP), NASA\textquoterights latest and closest mission to the Sun, is on a journey to investigate fundamental enigmas of the inner heliosphere. This paper reports initial observations made by the Solar Probe Analyzer for Ions (SPAN-I), one of the instruments in the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons instrument suite. We address the presence of secondary proton beams in concert with ion-scale waves observed by FIELDS, the electromagnetic fields instrument suite. We show two events from PSP\textquote ...

Verniero, J.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Rahmati, A.; McManus, M.; Pyakurel, Sharma; Klein, K.; Bowen, T.; Bonnell, J.; Alterman, B.; Whittlesey, P.; Malaspina, David; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Korreck, K.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; de Wit, Dudok;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab86af

Alfv\ en waves; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Plasma physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

Coronal Electron Temperature Inferred from the Strahl Electrons in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe and Helios Observations

The shape of the electron velocity distribution function plays an important role in the dynamics of the solar wind acceleration. Electrons are normally modeled with three components, the core, the halo, and the strahl. We investigate how well the fast strahl electrons in the inner heliosphere preserve the information about the coronal electron temperature at their origin. We analyzed the data obtained by two missions, Helios, spanning the distances between 65 and 215 RS, and Parker Solar Probe (PSP), reaching d ...

Bercic, Laura; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Maksimovic, Milan; Badman, Samuel; Landi, Simone; Matteini, Lorenzo; Bale, Stuart.; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab7b7a

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Sunward-propagating Whistler Waves Collocated with Localized Magnetic Field Holes in the Solar Wind: Parker Solar Probe Observations at 35.7 R Radii

Observations by the Parker Solar Probe mission of the solar wind at \~35.7 solar radii reveal the existence of whistler wave packets with frequencies below 0.1 fce (20-80 Hz in the spacecraft frame). These waves often coincide with local minima of the magnetic field magnitude or with sudden deflections of the magnetic field that are called switchbacks. Their sunward propagation leads to a significant Doppler frequency downshift from 200-300 to 20-80 Hz (from 0.2 to 0.5 fce). The polarization of these ...

Agapitov, O.; de Wit, Dudok; Mozer, F.; Bonnell, J.; Drake, J.; Malaspina, D.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Bale, S.; Whittlesey, P.; Case, A.; Chaston, C.; Froment, C.; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Stevens, M.; Wygant, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab799c

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Detailed Imaging of Coronal Rays with the Parker Solar Probe

The Wide-field Imager for Solar PRobe (WISPR) obtained the first high-resolution images of coronal rays at heights below 15 R when the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was located inside 0.25 au during the first encounter. We exploit these remarkable images to reveal the structure of coronal rays at scales that are not easily discernible in images taken from near 1 au. To analyze and interpret WISPR observations, which evolve rapidly both radially and longitudinally, we construct a latitude versus time map using the ...

Poirier, Nicolas; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Rouillard, Alexis; Pinto, Rui; Vourlidas, Angelos; Stenborg, Guillermo; Valette, Emeline; Howard, Russell; Hess, Phillip; Thernisien, Arnaud; Rich, Nathan; Griton, Lea; Indurain, Mikel; Raouafi, Nour-Edine; Lavarra, Michael; eville, Victor;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6324

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Electrons in the Young Solar Wind: First Results from the Parker Solar Probe

The Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons experiment on the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission measures the three-dimensional electron velocity distribution function. We derive the parameters of the core, halo, and strahl populations utilizing a combination of fitting to model distributions and numerical integration for ̃100,000 electron distributions measured near the Sun on the first two PSP orbits, which reached heliocentric distances as small as ̃0.17 au. As expected, the electron core density and temperature increa ...

Halekas, J.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; McGinnis, D.; Maksimovic, M.; Berthomier, M.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Stevens, M.; Klein, K.; Bale, S.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Malaspina, D.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4cec

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

First In Situ Measurements of Electron Density and Temperature from Quasi-thermal Noise Spectroscopy with Parker Solar Probe /FIELDS

Heat transport in the solar corona and wind is still a major unsolved astrophysical problem. Because of the key role played by electrons, the electron density and temperature(s) are important prerequisites for understanding these plasmas. We present such in situ measurements along the two first solar encounters of the Parker Solar Probe, between 0.5 and 0.17 au from the Sun, revealing different states of the emerging solar wind near the solar activity minimum. These preliminary results are obtained from a simplified analy ...

Moncuquet, Michel; Meyer-Vernet, Nicole; Issautier, Karine; Pulupa, Marc; Bonnell, J.; Bale, Stuart; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Griton, Lea; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Maksimovic, Milan; Malaspina, David;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5a84

Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Parker Solar Probe In Situ Observations of Magnetic Reconnection Exhausts during Encounter 1

Magnetic reconnection in current sheets converts magnetic energy into particle energy. The process may play an important role in the acceleration and heating of the solar wind close to the Sun. Observations from Parker Solar Probe (PSP) provide a new opportunity to study this problem, as it measures the solar wind at unprecedented close distances to the Sun. During the first orbit, PSP encountered a large number of current sheets in the solar wind through perihelion at 35.7 solar radii. We performed a comprehensive survey ...

Phan, T.; Bale, S.; Eastwood, J.; Lavraud, B.; Drake, J.; Oieroset, M.; Shay, M.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; MacDowall, R.; Case, A.; Larson, D.; Kasper, J.; Whittlesey, P.; Szabo, A.; Korreck, K.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Horbury, T.; Livi, R.; Malaspina, D.; Paulson, K.; Raouafi, N.; Velli, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab55ee

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Observations of the 2019 April 4 Solar Energetic Particle Event at the Parker Solar Probe

A solar energetic particle event was detected by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS☉IS) instrument suite on Parker Solar Probe (PSP) on 2019 April 4 when the spacecraft was inside of 0.17 au and less than 1 day before its second perihelion, providing an opportunity to study solar particle acceleration and transport unprecedentedly close to the source. The event was very small, with peak 1 MeV proton intensities of ̃0.3 particles (cm2 sr s MeV)-1, and was undetectable above backgro ...

Leske, R.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Joyce, C.; Krimigis, S.; Labrador, A.; Malandraki, O.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Posner, A.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Schwadron, N.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Vourlidas, A.; Bale, S.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Allen, R.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Livi, R.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Poduval, B.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5712

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Properties of Suprathermal-through-energetic He Ions Associated with Stream Interaction Regions Observed over the Parker Solar Probe \textquoterights First Two Orbits

The Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS☉IS) suite on board NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed six distinct enhancements in the intensities of suprathermal-through-energetic (\~0.03-3 MeV nucleon-1) He ions associated with corotating or stream interaction regions (CIR or SIR) during its first two orbits. Our results from a survey of the time histories of the He intensities, spectral slopes, and anisotropies and the event-averaged energy spectra during these events show the follo ...

Desai, M.; Mitchell, D.; Szalay, J.; Roelof, E.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; McComas, D.; Christian, E.; Schwadron, N.; McNutt, R.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Joyce, C.; Cohen, C.; Ebert, R.; Dayeh, M.; Allen, R.; Davis, A.; Krimigis, S.; Leske, R.; Matthaeus, W.; Malandraki, O.; Mewaldt, R.; Labrador, A.; Stone, E.; Bale, S.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab65ef

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus



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