PSP Bibliography





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Found 40 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 40


2022

MHD Turbulent Power Anisotropy in the Inner Heliosphere

We study anisotropic magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in the slow solar wind measured by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Solar Orbiter (SolO) during its first orbit from the perspective of variance anisotropy and correlation anisotropy. We use the Belcher \& Davis approach (M1) and a new method (M2) that decomposes a fluctuating vector into parallel and perpendicular fluctuating vectors. M1 and M2 calculate the transverse and parallel turbulence components relative to the mean magnetic field direction. The parallel turbulen ...

Adhikari, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.; Telloni, D.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac70cb

Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; Slow solar wind; Solar wind; 830; 1873; 1534

Inertial-range Magnetic-fluctuation Anisotropy Observed from Parker Solar Probe s First Seven Orbits

Solar wind turbulence is anisotropic with respect to the mean magnetic field. Anisotropy leads to ambiguity when interpreting in situ turbulence observations in the solar wind because an apparent change in the measurements could be due to either the change of intrinsic turbulence properties or to a simple change of the spacecraft sampling direction. We demonstrate the ambiguity using the spectral index and magnetic compressibility in the inertial range observed by the Parker Solar Probe during its first seven orbits ranging ...

Zhao, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Adhikari, L.; Nakanotani, M.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4415

Parker Data Used; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Numerical Modeling of Suprathermal Electron Transport in the Solar Wind: Effects of Whistler Turbulence with a Full Diffusion Tensor

The electron VDF in the solar wind consists of a Maxwellian core, a suprathermal halo, a field-aligned component strahl, and an energetic superhalo that deviates from the equilibrium. Whistler wave turbulence is thought to resonantly scatter the observed electron velocity distribution. Wave-particle interactions that contribute to Whistler wave turbulence are introduced into a Fokker-Planck kinetic transport equation that describes the interaction between the suprathermal electrons and the Whistler waves. A recent numerical ...

Tang, Bofeng; Zank, Gary; Kolobov, Vladimir;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac36c9

Parker Data Used; 1534

Turbulence in the Sub-Alfv\ enic Solar Wind

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) entered a region of sub-Alfv\ enic solar wind during encounter 8, and we present the first detailed analysis of low-frequency turbulence properties in this novel region. The magnetic field and flow velocity vectors were highly aligned during this interval. By constructing spectrograms of the normalized magnetic helicity, cross-helicity, and residual energy, we find that PSP observed primarily Alfv\ enic fluctuations, a consequence of the highly field-aligned flow that renders quasi-2D fluctuation ...

Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.; Adhikari, L.; Telloni, D.; Kasper, J.~C.; Stevens, M.; Rahmati, A.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac51da

Parker Data Used; 830; 1534; 1476; 1995; 1483

PSP/IS\ensuremath\odotIS Observation of a Solar Energetic Particle Event Associated with a Streamer Blowout Coronal Mass Ejection during Encounter 6

In this paper we examine a low-energy solar energetic particle (SEP) event observed by IS\ensuremath\odotIS s Energetic Particle Instrument-Low (EPI-Lo) inside 0.18 au on 2020 September 30. This small SEP event has a very interesting time profile and ion composition. Our results show that the maximum energy and peak in intensity are observed mainly along the open radial magnetic field. The event shows velocity dispersion, and strong particle anisotropies are observed throughout the event, showing that more particles are stre ...

Getachew, T.; McComas, D.~J.; Joyce, C.~J.; Palmerio, E.; Christian, E.~R.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Desai, M.~I.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.~E.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Rankin, J.~S.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Szalay, J.~R.; Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.; Lynch, B.~J.; Phan, T.~D.; Bale, S.~D.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac408f

Parker Data Used; 1491; 310; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Linking Small-scale Solar Wind Properties with Large-scale Coronal Source Regions through Joint Parker Solar Probe-Metis/Solar Orbiter Observations

The solar wind measured in situ by Parker Solar Probe in the very inner heliosphere is studied in combination with the remote-sensing observation of the coronal source region provided by the METIS coronagraph aboard Solar Orbiter. The coronal outflows observed near the ecliptic by Metis on 2021 January 17 at 16:30 UT, between 3.5 and 6.3 R $_\ensuremath\odot$ above the eastern solar limb, can be associated with the streams sampled by PSP at 0.11 and 0.26 au from the Sun, in two time intervals almost 5 days apart. The two pla ...

Telloni, Daniele; Zank, Gary; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Amicis, Raffaella; Panasenco, Olga; Susino, Roberto; Bruno, Roberto; Perrone, Denise; Adhikari, Laxman; Liang, Haoming; Nakanotani, Masaru; Zhao, Lingling; Hadid, Lina; anchez-Cano, Beatriz; Verscharen, Daniel; Velli, Marco; Grimani, Catia; Marino, Raffaele; Carbone, Francesco; Mancuso, Salvatore; Biondo, Ruggero; Pagano, Paolo; Reale, Fabio; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Romoli, Marco; Andretta, Vincenzo; Da Deppo, Vania; Fineschi, Silvano; Heinzel, Petr; Moses, John; Naletto, Giampiero; Nicolini, Gianalfredo; Spadaro, Daniele; Stangalini, Marco; Teriaca, Luca; Capobianco, Gerardo; Capuano, Giuseppe; Casini, Chiara; Casti, Marta; Chioetto, Paolo; Corso, Alain; De Leo, Yara; Fabi, Michele; Frassati, Federica; Frassetto, Fabio; Giordano, Silvio; Guglielmino, Salvo; Jerse, Giovanna; Landini, Federico; Liberatore, Alessandro; Magli, Enrico; Massone, Giuseppe; Messerotti, Mauro; Pancrazzi, Maurizio; Pelizzo, Maria; Romano, Paolo; Sasso, Clementina; Schühle, Udo; Slemer, Alessandra; Straus, Thomas; Uslenghi, Michela; Volpicelli, Cosimo; Zangrilli, Luca; Zuppella, Paola; Abbo, Lucia; Auchère, Fr\; Cuadrado, Regina; Berlicki, Arkadiusz; Ciaravella, Angela; Lamy, Philippe; Lanzafame, Alessandro; Malvezzi, Marco; Nicolosi, Piergiorgio; o, Giuseppe; Peter, Hardi; Solanki, Sami; Strachan, Leonard; Tsinganos, Kanaris; Ventura, Rita; Vial, Jean-Claude; Woch, Joachim; Zimbardo, Gaetano;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac8103

Parker Data Used; H II regions; Alfven waves; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar corona; Heliosphere; Solar wind; 694; 23; 1544; 830; 1483; 711; 1534

Turbulence and Waves in the Sub-Alfv\ enic Solar Wind Observed by the Parker Solar Probe during Encounter 10

During its 10th orbit around the Sun, the Parker Solar Probe sampled two intervals where the local Alfv\ en speed exceeded the solar wind speed, lasting more than 10 hours in total. In this paper, we analyze the turbulence and wave properties during these periods. The turbulence is observed to be Alfv\ enic and unbalanced, dominated by outward-propagating modes. The power spectrum of the outward-propagating Elsässer z $^+$ mode steepens at high frequencies while that of the inward- propagating z $^-$ mode flattens. The obse ...

Zhao, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Adhikari, L.; Telloni, D.; Stevens, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Bale, S.~D.; Raouafi, N.~E.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac8353

Parker Data Used; Solar Coronal Waves; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1995; 830; 1534

The Turbulent Properties of the Sub-Alfv\ enic Solar Wind Measured by the Parker Solar Probe

For the first time, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed the sub- Alfv\ enic solar wind where the solar wind bulk speed drops below the local Alfv\ en speed for an extended period of time. Here, we report on the turbulent properties of the sub- Alfv\ enic region. We analyze the turbulence correlation length and the energy transfer and compare the results with nearby super-Alfv\ enic regions. As the Alfv\ en speed is larger or comparable to the solar wind speed in the intervals studied, we use a modified Taylor s hypothesis to a ...

Zhao, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Telloni, D.; Stevens, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac5fb0

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; 1534; 830

Possible Evidence for Shear-driven Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability along the Boundary of Fast and Slow Solar Wind in the Corona

This paper reports the first possible evidence for the development of the Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) instability at the border of coronal holes separating the associated fast wind from the slower wind originating from adjacent streamer regions. Based on a statistical data set of spectroscopic measurements of the UV corona acquired with the UltraViolet Coronagraph Spectrometer on board the SOlar and Heliospheric Observatory during the minimum activity of solar cycle 22, high temperature-velocity correlations are found along the fa ...

Telloni, Daniele; Adhikari, Laxman; Zank, Gary; Zhao, Lingling; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Antonucci, Ester; Giordano, Silvio; Mancuso, Salvatore;

Published by: \apj      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac5cc3

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Theoretical models; Time series analysis; Solar corona; Solar coronal heating; Solar coronal holes; Solar coronal streamers; Solar oscillations; Solar ultraviolet emission; 1964; 2107; 1916; 1483; 1989; 1484; 1486; 1515; 1533

On the Conservation of Turbulence Energy in Turbulence Transport Models

Zank et al. developed models describing the transport of low-frequency incompressible and nearly incompressible turbulence in inhomogeneous flows. The formalism was based on expressing the fluctuating variables in terms of the Elsässar variables and then taking moments subject to various closure hypotheses. The turbulence transport models are different according to whether the plasma beta regime is large, of order unity, or small. Here, we show explicitly that the three sets of turbulence transport models admit a conser ...

Wang, B.; Zank, G.~P.; Adhikari, L.; Zhao, L.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac596e

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; interplanetary turbulence; 1964; 830; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Fluid Dynamics

2021

Exploring the Solar Wind from Its Source on the Corona into the Inner Heliosphere during the First Solar Orbiter-Parker Solar Probe Quadrature

This Letter addresses the first Solar Orbiter (SO)-Parker Solar Probe (PSP) quadrature, occurring on 2021 January 18 to investigate the evolution of solar wind from the extended corona to the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, the same plasma volume observed remotely in the corona at altitudes between 3.5 and 6.3 solar radii above the solar limb with the Metis coronagraph on SO can be tracked to PSP, orbiting at 0.1 au, thus allowing the local properties of the solar wind to be linked to the coronal source re ...

Telloni, Daniele; Andretta, Vincenzo; Antonucci, Ester; Bemporad, Alessandro; Capuano, Giuseppe; Fineschi, Silvano; Giordano, Silvio; Habbal, Shadia; Perrone, Denise; Pinto, Rui; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Spadaro, Daniele; Susino, Roberto; Woodham, Lloyd; Zank, Gary; Romoli, Marco; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Auchère, Fr\; Bruno, Roberto; Capobianco, Gerardo; Case, Anthony; Casini, Chiara; Casti, Marta; Chioetto, Paolo; Corso, Alain; Da Deppo, Vania; De Leo, Yara; de Wit, Thierry; Frassati, Federica; Frassetto, Fabio; Goetz, Keith; Guglielmino, Salvo; Harvey, Peter; Heinzel, Petr; Jerse, Giovanna; Korreck, Kelly; Landini, Federico; Larson, Davin; Liberatore, Alessandro; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Magli, Enrico; Malaspina, David; Massone, Giuseppe; Messerotti, Mauro; Moses, John; Naletto, Giampiero; Nicolini, Gianalfredo; o, Giuseppe; Panasenco, Olga; Pancrazzi, Maurizio; Pelizzo, Maria; Pulupa, Marc; Reale, Fabio; Romano, Paolo; Sasso, Clementina; Schühle, Udo; Stangalini, Marco; Stevens, Michael; Strachan, Leonard; Straus, Thomas; Teriaca, Luca; Uslenghi, Michela; Velli, Marco; Verscharen, Daniel; Volpicelli, Cosimo; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Zangrilli, Luca; Zimbardo, Gaetano; Zuppella, Paola;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac282f

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar corona; Heliosphere; Solar wind; 1964; 1544; 830; 1483; 711; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Parker Solar Probe Enters the Magnetically Dominated Solar Corona

The high temperatures and strong magnetic fields of the solar corona form streams of solar wind that expand through the Solar System into interstellar space. At 09:33 UT on 28 April 2021 Parker Solar Probe entered the magnetized atmosphere of the Sun 13 million km above the photosphere, crossing below the Alfv\ en critical surface for five hours into plasma in casual contact with the Sun with an Alfv\ en Mach number of 0.79 and magnetic pressure dominating both ion and electron pressure. The spectrum of turbulence below the ...

Kasper, J.~C.; Klein, K.~G.; Lichko, E.; Huang, Jia; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Badman, S.~T.; Bonnell, J.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; Rahmati, A.; Stansby, D.; Korreck, K.~E.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.~W.; Bale, S.~D.; Maksimovic, M.; Moncuquet, M.; Goetz, K.; Halekas, J.~S.; Malaspina, D.; Raouafi, Nour; Szabo, A.; MacDowall, R.; Velli, Marco; de Wit, Thierry; Zank, G.~P.;

Published by: \prl      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.255101

Parker Data Used

Interaction between Multiple Current Sheets and a Shock Wave: 2D Hybrid Kinetic Simulations

Particle acceleration behind a shock wave due to interactions between magnetic islands in the heliosphere has attracted attention in recent years. The downstream acceleration may yield a continuous increase of particle flux downstream of the shock wave. Although it is not obvious how the downstream magnetic islands are produced, it has been suggested that current sheets are involved in the generation of magnetic islands due to their interaction with a shock wave. We perform 2D hybrid kinetic simulations to investigate the in ...

Nakanotani, M.; Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac2e06

Parker Data Used; 1544; 1504; 829

MHD and Ion Kinetic Waves in Field-aligned Flows Observed by Parker Solar Probe

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed predominately Alfv\ enic fluctuations in the solar wind near the Sun where the magnetic field tends to be radially aligned. In this paper, two magnetic- field-aligned solar wind flow intervals during PSP s first two orbits are analyzed. Observations of these intervals indicate strong signatures of parallel/antiparallel-propagating waves. We utilize multiple analysis techniques to extract the properties of the observed waves in both magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and kinetic scales. At the MHD sca ...

Zhao, L.; Zank, G.~P.; He, J.~S.; Telloni, D.; Adhikari, L.; Nakanotani, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac28fb

Parker Data Used; 1534; 23; 830; 824

Evolution of anisotropic turbulence in the fast and slow solar wind: Theory and Solar Orbiter measurements

\ Aims: Solar Orbiter (SolO) was launched on February 9, 2020, allowing us to study the nature of turbulence in the inner heliopshere. We investigate the evolution of anisotropic turbulence in the fast and slow solar wind in the inner heliosphere using the nearly incompressible magnetohydrodynamic (NI MHD) turbulence model and SolO measurements. \ Methods: We calculated the two dimensional (2D) and the slab variances of the energy in forward and backward propagating modes, the fluctuating magnetic energy, the fluctuating kin ...

Adhikari, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.; Telloni, D.; Horbury, T.~S.; Brien, H.; Evans, V.; Angelini, V.; Owen, C.~J.; Louarn, P.; Fedorov, A.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140672

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; turbulence

Study of two interacting interplanetary coronal mass ejections encountered by Solar Orbiter during its first perihelion passage. Observations and modeling

Context. Solar Orbiter, the new-generation mission dedicated to solar and heliospheric exploration, was successfully launched on February 10, 2020, 04:03 UTC from Cape Canaveral. During its first perihelion passage in June 2020, two successive interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs), propagating along the heliospheric current sheet (HCS), impacted the spacecraft. \ Aims: This paper addresses the investigation of the ICMEs encountered by Solar Orbiter on June 7\ensuremath-8, 2020, from both an observational and a modeli ...

Telloni, D.; Scolini, C.; Möstl, C.; Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.; Weiss, A.~J.; Reiss, M.~A.; Laker, R.; Perrone, D.; Khotyaintsev, Y.; Steinvall, K.; Sorriso-Valvo, L.; Horbury, T.~S.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.~F.; Bruno, R.; Amicis, R.; De Marco, R.; Jagarlamudi, V.~K.; Carbone, F.; Marino, R.; Stangalini, M.; Nakanotani, M.; Adhikari, L.; Liang, H.; Woodham, L.~D.; Davies, E.~E.; Hietala, H.; Perri, S.; omez-Herrero, R.; iguez-Pacheco, Rodr\; Antonucci, E.; Romoli, M.; Fineschi, S.; Maksimovic, M.; Sou\vcek, J.; Chust, T.; Kretzschmar, M.; Vecchio, A.; Müller, D.; Zouganelis, I.; Winslow, R.~M.; Giordano, S.; Mancuso, S.; Susino, R.; Ivanovski, S.~L.; Messerotti, M.; Brien, H.; Evans, V.; Angelini, V.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140648

Parker Data Used; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs); Sun: evolution; Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind; solar-terrestrial relations

Turbulence transport in the solar corona: Theory, modeling, and Parker Solar Probe

A primary goal of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) Mission is to answer the outstanding question of how the solar corona plasma is heated to the high temperatures needed for the acceleration of the solar wind. Various heating mechanisms have been suggested, but one that is gaining increasing credence is associated with the dissipation of low frequency magnetohyrodynamic (MHD) turbulence. However, the MHD turbulence models come in several flavors: one in which outwardly propagating Alfv\ en waves experience reflection from the la ...

Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.; Adhikari, L.; Telloni, D.; Kasper, J.~C.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: Physics of Plasmas      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1063/5.0055692

Parker Data Used

Assessing the Role of Interchange Reconnection in Forming Switchbacks

Abrupt deflections of the magnetic field in the solar wind, so called switchbacks, are frequently observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first two orbits and are believed to play an important role in unveiling the nature of solar corona heating and solar wind acceleration in the inner heliosphere. Many attempts were made recently to understand the nature of switchbacks. However, the origin, propagation, and evolution of switchbacks are still under debate. In this study, we attempt to use the linear theory of ...

Liang, H.; Zank, G.~P.; Nakanotani, M.; Zhao, L.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0a73

Space plasmas; Solar wind; Solar magnetic fields; Parker Data Used; Solar magnetic reconnection; 1544; 1534; 1503; 1504

Flux Ropes, Turbulence, and Collisionless Perpendicular Shock Waves: High Plasma Beta Case

With the onset of solar maximum and the expected increased prevalence of interplanetary shock waves, Parker Solar Probe is likely to observe numerous shocks in the next few years. An outstanding question that has received surprisingly little attention has been how turbulence interacts with collisionless shock waves. Turbulence in the supersonic solar wind is described frequently as a superposition of a majority 2D and a minority slab component. We formulate a collisional perpendicular shock-turbulence transmission problem in ...

Zank, G.; Nakanotani, M.; Zhao, L.; Du, S.; Adhikari, L.; Che, H.; le Roux, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abf7c8

Interplanetary shocks; interplanetary turbulence; 829; 830; Parker Data Used

A Focused Transport-based Kinetic Fractional Diffusion-advection Equation for Energetic Particle Trapping and Reconnection-related Acceleration by Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes in the Solar Wind

Analysis of energetic particle inner heliospheric spacecraft data increasingly suggests the existence of anomalous diffusion phenomena that should be addressed to achieve a better understanding of energetic particle transport and acceleration in the expanding solar wind medium. Related to this is fast-growing observational evidence supporting the long-standing prediction from magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) theory and simulations of the presence of an inner heliospheric, dominant quasi-two-dimensional MHD turbulence component that ...

le Roux, J.; Zank, G.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abf3c6

Interplanetary particle acceleration; Solar wind; Solar magnetic reconnection; 826; 1534; 1504; Parker Data Used

Detection of small magnetic flux ropes from the third and fourth Parker Solar Probe encounters

Context.
Aims: We systematically search for magnetic flux rope structures in the solar wind to within the closest distance to the Sun of ~0.13 AU, using data from the third and fourth orbits of the Parker Solar Probe.
Methods: We extended our previous magnetic helicity-based technique of identifying magnetic flux rope structures. The method was improved upon to incorporate the azimuthal flow, which becomes larger as the spacecraft approaches the Sun.
Results: A total of 21 and 34 magnetic flux ropes are ...

Zhao, L.; Zank, G.; Hu, Q.; Telloni, D.; Chen, Y.; Adhikari, L.; Nakanotani, M.; Kasper, J.; Huang, J.; Bale, S.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Whittlesey, P.; Klein, K.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039298

Solar wind; Sun: magnetic fields; turbulence; methods: observational; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Evolution of Solar Wind Turbulence from 0.1 to 1 au during the First Parker Solar Probe-Solar Orbiter Radial Alignment

The first radial alignment between Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter spacecraft is used to investigate the evolution of solar wind turbulence in the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, two 1.5 hr intervals are tentatively identified as providing measurements of the same plasma parcels traveling from 0.1 to 1 au. Using magnetic field measurements from both spacecraft, the properties of turbulence in the two intervals are assessed. Magnetic spectral density, flatness, and high-order moment scaling laws are ca ...

Telloni, Daniele; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Woodham, Lloyd; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Carbone, Francesco; Zank, Gary; Bruno, Roberto; Perrone, Denise; Nakanotani, Masaru; Shi, Chen; Amicis, Raffaella; De Marco, Rossana; Jagarlamudi, Vamsee; Steinvall, Konrad; Marino, Raffaele; Adhikari, Laxman; Zhao, Lingling; Liang, Haoming; Tenerani, Anna; Laker, Ronan; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; MacDowall, Robert; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Owen, Christopher; Livi, Stefano; Louarn, Philippe; Antonucci, Ester; Romoli, Marco; Brien, Helen; Evans, Vincent; Angelini, Virginia;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf7d1

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Alfven waves; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1964; 23; 1544; 830; 1534

2020

Modeling proton and electron heating in the fast solar wind

Context. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) measures solar wind protons and electrons near the Sun. To study the thermodynamic properties of electrons and protons, we include electron effects, such as distributed turbulent heating between protons and electrons, Coulomb collisions between protons and electrons, and heat conduction of electrons. \ Aims: We develop a general theoretical model of nearly incompressible magnetohydrodynamic (NI MHD) turbulence coupled with a solar wind model that includes electron pressure and heat flux. ...

Adhikari, L.; Zank, G.P.; Zhao, L.-L.; Nakanotani, M.; Tasnim, S.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039297"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulent Evolution of a Magnetic Cloud in the Outer Heliosphere

Telloni, Daniele; Zhao, Lingling; Zank, Gary; Liang, Haoming; Nakanotani, Masaru; Adhikari, Laxman; Carbone, Francesco; Amicis, Raffaella; Perrone, Denise; Bruno, Roberto; Dasso, Sergio;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 12/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abcb03

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; interplanetary turbulence; Solar coronal mass ejections; interplanetary magnetic fields; Heliosphere; Solar wind; Solar magnetic reconnection; 1964; 830; 310; 824; 711; 1534; 1504

A Solar Coronal Hole and Fast Solar Wind Turbulence Model and First-orbit Parker Solar Probe (PSP) Observations

We propose a turbulence-driven\ solar\ wind model for a fast\ solar\ wind flow in an open coronal hole where the\ solar\ wind flow and the magnetic field are highly aligned. We compare the numerical results of our model with\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\ measurements of the fast\ solar\ wind flow and find good agreement between them. We find that (1) the majority quasi-2D turbulence is mainly responsible for coronal heating, raising the temperature to about similar to 1 ...

Adhikari, L.; Zank, G.; Zhao, L.-L.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb132

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Origin of Switchbacks in the Solar Corona: Linear Theory

The origin, structure, and propagation characteristics of a switchback are compelling questions posed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations of velocity spikes and magnetic field reversals. By assuming interchange reconnection between coronal loop and open magnetic field, we show that this results in the generation of upward (into the heliosphere) and downward complex structures propagating at the fast magnetosonic speed (i.e., the Alfvén speed in the low plasma beta corona) that can have an arbitrary radial magnetic fiel ...

Zank, G.; Nakanotani, M.; Zhao, L.-L.; Adhikari, L.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb828

Parker Data Used; Active Solar Corona; Solar Coronal Waves; interplanetary turbulence

Spectral Anisotropy in 2D plus Slab Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence in the Solar Wind and Upper Corona

Zank, G.~P.; Nakanotani, M.; Zhao, L.; Adhikari, L.; Telloni, D.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abad30

Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; 830

Spectral Features in Field-aligned Solar Wind Turbulence from Parker Solar Probe Observations

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed a large variety of Alfv\ enic fluctuations in the fast and slow solar wind flow during its two perihelia. The properties of Alfv\ enic solar wind turbulence have been studied for decades in the near-Earth environment. A spectral index of -5/3 or -2 for magnetic field fluctuations has been observed using spacecraft measurements, which can be explained by turbulence theories of nearly incompressible magnetohydrodynamics (NI MHD) or critical balance. In this study, a rigorous search of field ...

Zhao, L.-L.; Zank, G.; Adhikari, L.; Nakanotani, M.; Telloni, D.; Carbone, F.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab9b7e

interplanetary turbulence; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Spectral index

Identification of Magnetic Flux Ropes from Parker Solar Probe Observations during the First Encounter

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) event during its first orbit around the Sun, among many other events. This event is analyzed by applying a wavelet analysis technique to obtain the reduced magnetic helicity, cross helicity, and residual energy, the first two of which are magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) invariants. Our results show that the ICME, as a large-scale magnetic flux rope, possesses high magnetic helicity, very low cross helicity, and highly negative residual energy, ...

Zhao, L.-L.; Zank, G.; Adhikari, L.; Hu, Q.; Kasper, J.; Bale, S.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Whittlesey, P.; Klein, K.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4ff1

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Predicting the Solar Wind at the Parker Solar Probe Using an Empirically Driven MHD Model

Since its launch on 2018 August 12, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) has completed its first and second orbits around the Sun, having reached down to 35.7 solar radii at each perihelion. In anticipation of the exciting new data at such unprecedented distances, we have simulated the global 3D heliosphere using an MHD model coupled with a semi-empirical coronal model using the best available photospheric magnetograms as input. We compare our heliospheric MHD simulation results with in situ measurements along the PSP trajectory from ...

Kim, T.; Pogorelov, N.; Arge, C.; Henney, C.; Jones-Mecholsky, S.; Smith, W.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Whittlesey, P.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Klein, K.; Zank, G.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab58c9

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Turbulence Transport Modeling and First Orbit Parker Solar Probe ( PSP ) Observations

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) achieved its first orbit perihelion on 2018 November 6, reaching a heliocentric distance of about 0.165 au (35.55 R). Here, we study the evolution of fully developed turbulence associated with the slow solar wind along the PSP trajectory between 35.55 R and 131.64 R in the outbound direction, comparing observations to a theoretical turbulence transport model. Several turbulent quantities, such as the fluctuating kinetic energy and the corresponding cor ...

Adhikari, L.; Zank, G.; Zhao, L.-L.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Klein, K.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5852

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

2019

No Evidence for Critical Balance in Field-aligned Alfv\ enic Solar Wind Turbulence

Telloni, Daniele; Carbone, Francesco; Bruno, Roberto; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Zank, Gary; Adhikari, Laxman; Hunana, Peter;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 12/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab517b

Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Alfven waves; Interplanetary medium; Magnetohydrodynamics; 830; 1534; 1544; 23; 825; 1964

Alfv\ enic velocity spikes and rotational flows in the near-Sun solar wind

Kasper, J.~C.; Bale, S.~D.; Belcher, J.~W.; Berthomier, M.; Case, A.~W.; Chandran, B.~D.~G.; Curtis, D.~W.; Gallagher, D.; Gary, S.~P.; Golub, L.; Halekas, J.~S.; Ho, G.~C.; Horbury, T.~S.; Hu, Q.; Huang, J.; Klein, K.~G.; Korreck, K.~E.; Larson, D.~E.; Livi, R.; Maruca, B.; Lavraud, B.; Louarn, P.; Maksimovic, M.; Martinovic, M.; McGinnis, D.; Pogorelov, N.~V.; Richardson, J.~D.; Skoug, R.~M.; Steinberg, J.~T.; Stevens, M.~L.; Szabo, A.; Velli, M.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Wright, K.~H.; Zank, G.~P.; MacDowall, R.~J.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.~E.; Schwadron, N.~A.;

Published by: \nat      Published on: 12/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1813-z

Parker Data Used

Ion Cyclotron Waves in Field-aligned Solar Wind Turbulence

Telloni, Daniele; Carbone, Francesco; Bruno, Roberto; Zank, Gary; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Mancuso, Salvatore;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 11/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab4c44

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Alfven waves; 1964; 1544; 1534; 830; 23

Does Turbulence Turn off at the Alfv\ en Critical Surface?

The\ Parker Solar Probe\ (PSP) will eventually reach and cross the Alfv\ en point or surface as it provides us with direct in situ measurements of the solar atmosphere. The Alfv\ en surface is the location at which the large-scale bulk solar wind speed\ $\boldsymbolU$\ and the Alfv\ en speed\ $\boldsymbolV$Adhikari, L.; Zank, G.; Zhao, L.-L.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 01/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab141c

magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); parker solar probe; turbulence

2018

Self-consistent Energetic Particle Acceleration by Contracting and Reconnecting Small-scale Flux Ropes: The Governing Equations

le Roux, J.~A.; Zank, G.~P.; Khabarova, O.~V.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 09/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aad8b3

Parker Data Used; acceleration of particles; magnetic reconnection; Solar wind

Modeling a Single SEP Event from Multiple Vantage Points Using the iPATH Model

Using the recently extended 2D improved Particle Acceleration and Transport in the Heliosphere (iPATH) model, we model an example gradual solar energetic particle event as observed at multiple locations. Protons and ions that are energized via the diffusive shock acceleration mechanism are followed at a 2D coronal mass ejection-driven shock where the shock geometry varies across the shock front. The subsequent transport of energetic particles, including cross-field diffusion, is modeled by a Monte Carlo code that is based ...

Hu, Junxiang; Li, Gang; Fu, Shuai; Zank, Gary; Ao, Xianzhi;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 02/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aaabc1

parker solar probe; shock waves; Solar Probe Plus; Sun: coronal mass ejections: CMEs; Sun: heliosphere

2017

Turbulent Transport in a Three-dimensional Solar Wind

Shiota, D.; Zank, G.~P.; Adhikari, L.; Hunana, P.; Telloni, D.; Bruno, R.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 03/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa60bc

Parker Data Used; magnetohydrodynamics: MHD; Solar wind; turbulence

2016

Modification of Velocity Power Spectra by Thermal Plasma Instrumentation

The upcoming Solar Probe Plus mission (Launch 2018) will launch with the newest and fastest space plasma instrumentation to date. The Solar Wind Electrons, Alphas, and Protons (SWEAP) instrument suite, which measures thermal plasma, will make measurements faster than the local gyro-frequency and proton plasma frequency. By developing an end-to-end computer model of a SWEAP instrument, this work explores the specific instrumental effects of thermal space plasma measurement, particularly in the reproduction of velocity power s ...

Whittlesey, P.; Zank, G.; Cirtain, J.; Wright, K.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/767/1/012026

Parker Data Used

2015

Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons (SWEAP) Investigation: Design of the Solar Wind and Coronal Plasma Instrument Suite for Solar Probe Plus

The Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons (SWEAP) Investigation on Solar Probe Plus is a four sensor instrument suite that provides complete measurements of the electrons and ionized helium and hydrogen that constitute the bulk of solar wind and coronal plasma. SWEAP consists of the Solar Probe Cup (SPC) and the Solar Probe Analyzers (SPAN). SPC is a Faraday Cup that looks directly at the Sun and measures ion and electron fluxes and flow angles as a function of energy. SPAN consists of an ion and electron electrostatic ...

Kasper, Justin; Abiad, Robert; Austin, Gerry; Balat-Pichelin, Marianne; Bale, Stuart; Belcher, John; Berg, Peter; Bergner, Henry; Berthomier, Matthieu; Bookbinder, Jay; Brodu, Etienne; Caldwell, David; Case, Anthony; Chandran, Benjamin; Cheimets, Peter; Cirtain, Jonathan; Cranmer, Steven; Curtis, David; Daigneau, Peter; Dalton, Greg; Dasgupta, Brahmananda; DeTomaso, David; Diaz-Aguado, Millan; Djordjevic, Blagoje; Donaskowski, Bill; Effinger, Michael; Florinski, Vladimir; Fox, Nichola; Freeman, Mark; Gallagher, Dennis; Gary, Peter; Gauron, Tom; Gates, Richard; Goldstein, Melvin; Golub, Leon; Gordon, Dorothy; Gurnee, Reid; Guth, Giora; Halekas, Jasper; Hatch, Ken; Heerikuisen, Jacob; Ho, George; Hu, Qiang; Johnson, Greg; Jordan, Steven; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Lazarus, Alan; Li, Gang; Livi, Roberto; Ludlam, Michael; Maksimovic, Milan; McFadden, James; Marchant, William; Maruca, Bennet; McComas, David; Messina, Luciana; Mercer, Tony; Park, Sang; Peddie, Andrew; Pogorelov, Nikolai; Reinhart, Matthew; Richardson, John; Robinson, Miles; Rosen, Irene; Skoug, Ruth; Slagle, Amanda; Steinberg, John; Stevens, Michael; Szabo, Adam; Taylor, Ellen; Tiu, Chris; Turin, Paul; Velli, Marco; Webb, Gary; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Wright, Ken; Wu, S.; Zank, Gary;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 10/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-015-0206-3

Acceleration; Corona; Heating; Parker Data Used; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind plasma; SWEAP



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