PSP Bibliography





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Found 119 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2022

Switchbacks in the Young Solar Wind: Electron Evolution Observed inside Switchbacks between 0.125 au and 0.25 au

Switchbacks are localized deviations from the nominal Parker spiral field in the solar wind. In this study, we investigate the electron distributions inside switchbacks, focusing primarily on the suprathermal (halo and strahl) populations. We explore electron parameters in relation to the angle of rotation of the magnetic field from radial to determine whether electron distributions observed within switchbacks have any differences from those outside of switchbacks. Our observations reveal several trends in the suprathermal e ...

Nair, Raaman; Halekas, Jasper; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Berthomier, Matthieu; Kasper, Justin; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Bale, Stuart; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac88c4

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Solar corona; Solar magnetic fields; Solar Physics; 1534; 1544; 1483; 1503; 1476

Inhomogeneous Kinetic Alfv\ en Waves in the Near-Sun Solar Wind

Intervals of intense electromagnetic, broadband plasma waves are reported in the near-Sun solar wind. These waves are identified as kinetic Alfv\ en waves (KAWs), based on comparison between data and theory for their observed electric- to magnetic-field ratio, and magnetic compressibility, as a function of frequency. In contrast to KAW observations at 1 au, KAWs in the near-Sun solar wind are found to be spatially inhomogeneous, preferentially occurring where the ambient magnetic field experiences strong deviations from the ...

Malaspina, David; Chasapis, Alexandros; Tatum, Peter; Salem, Chadi; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, John; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Pulupa, Marc; Halekas, Jasper; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Larson, Davin;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac87a7

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Alfven waves; interplanetary turbulence; Space plasmas; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 23; 830; 1544; 1503

The Radial Evolution of the Solar Wind as Organized by Electron Distribution Parameters

We utilize observations from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to study the radial evolution of the solar wind in the inner heliosphere. We analyze electron velocity distribution functions observed by the Solar Wind Electrons, Alphas, and Protons suite to estimate the coronal electron temperature and the local electric potential in the solar wind. From the latter value and the local flow speed, we compute the asymptotic solar wind speed. We group the PSP observations by asymptotic speed, and characterize the radial evolution of t ...

Halekas, J.~S.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.~E.; Maksimovic, M.; Livi, R.; Berthomier, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Case, A.~W.; Stevens, M.~L.; Bale, S.~D.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Pulupa, M.~P.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac85b8

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Slow solar wind; Fast solar wind; 1534; 1873; 1872; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Observation and Modeling of the Solar Wind Turbulence Evolution in the Sub-Mercury Inner Heliosphere

Telloni, Daniele; Adhikari, Laxman; Zank, Gary; Hadid, Lina; anchez-Cano, Beatriz; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Zhao, Lingling; Panasenco, Olga; Shi, Chen; Velli, Marco; Susino, Roberto; Verscharen, Daniel; Milillo, Anna; Alberti, Tommaso; Narita, Yasuhito; Verdini, Andrea; Grimani, Catia; Bruno, Roberto; Amicis, Raffaella; Perrone, Denise; Marino, Raffaele; Carbone, Francesco; Califano, Francesco; Malara, Francesco; Stawarz, Julia; Laker, Ronan; Liberatore, Alessandro; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Heyner, Daniel; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Auster, Hans-Ulrich; Richter, Ingo;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac9624

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Alfven waves; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Heliosphere; Solar wind; 1964; 23; 1544; 830; 711; 1534

Direct First Parker Solar Probe Observation of the Interaction of Two Successive Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections in 2020 November

We investigate the effects of the evolutionary processes in the internal magnetic structure of two interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) detected in situ between 2020 November 29 and December 1 by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). The sources of the ICMEs were observed remotely at the Sun in EUV and subsequently tracked to their coronal counterparts in white light. This period is of particular interest to the community as it has been identified as the first widespread solar energetic particle event of solar cycle 25. The ...

Nieves-Chinchilla, Teresa; Alzate, Nathalia; Cremades, Hebe; ia, Laura; Santos, Luiz; Narock, Ayris; Xie, Hong; Szabo, Adam; Palmerio, Erika; Krupar, Vratislav; Pulupa, Marc; Lario, David; Stevens, Michael; Wilson, Lynn; Kwon, Ryun-Young; Mays, Leila; St. Cyr, Chris; Hess, Phillip; Reeves, Katharine; Seaton, Daniel; Niembro, Tatiana; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin;

Published by: \apj      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac590b

Parker Data Used; Solar coronal mass ejections; Solar wind; Interplanetary physics; 310; 1534; 827; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

CMEs and SEPs During November-December 2020: A Challenge for Real-Time Space Weather Forecasting

Predictions of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and solar energetic particles (SEPs) are a central issue in space weather forecasting. In recent years, interest in space weather predictions has expanded to include impacts at other planets beyond Earth as well as spacecraft scattered throughout the heliosphere. In this sense, the scope of space weather science now encompasses the whole heliospheric system, and multipoint measurements of solar transients can provide useful insights and validations for prediction models. In this w ...

Palmerio, Erika; Lee, Christina; Mays, Leila; Luhmann, Janet; Lario, David; anchez-Cano, Beatriz; Richardson, Ian; Vainio, Rami; Stevens, Michael; Cohen, Christina; Steinvall, Konrad; Möstl, Christian; Weiss, Andreas; Nieves-Chinchilla, Teresa; Li, Yan; Larson, Davin; Heyner, Daniel; Bale, Stuart; Galvin, Antoinette; Holmström, Mats; Khotyaintsev, Yuri; Maksimovic, Milan; Mitrofanov, Igor;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021SW002993

Parker Data Used; coronal mass ejections; Solar energetic particles; space weather forecasts; MHD models; Inner heliosphere; Solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Solar Wind Energetic Proton Beams Produced by Magnetic Reconnection in the Near-Sun Heliospheric Current Sheet

We report observations of reconnection exhausts in the Heliospheric Current Sheet (HCS) during Parker Solar Probe Encounters 08 and 07, at 16 R$_s$ and 20 R$_s$, respectively. Heliospheric current sheet (HCS) reconnection accelerated protons to almost twice the solar wind speed and increased the proton core energy by a factor of \ensuremath\sim3, due to the Alfv\ en speed being comparable to the solar wind flow speed at these near-Sun distances. Furthermore, protons were energized to super-thermal energies. During E08, energ ...

Phan, T.~D.; Verniero, J.~L.; Larson, D.; Lavraud, B.; Drake, J.~F.; Oieroset, M.; Eastwood, J.~P.; Bale, S.~D.; Livi, R.; Halekas, J.~S.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Rahmati, A.; Stansby, D.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Szabo, P.~A.; Koval, A.; Desai, M.; Fuselier, S.~A.; Velli, M.; Hesse, M.; Pyakurel, P.~S.; Maheshwari, K.; Kasper, J.~C.; Stevens, J.~M.; Case, A.~W.; Raouafi, N.~E.;

Published by: \grl      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021GL096986

Parker Data Used; magnetic reconnection; Particle acceleration; Solar wind; parker solar probe; heliospheric current sheet

Eruption and Interplanetary Evolution of a Stealthy Streamer-Blowout CME Observed by PSP at \ensuremath\sim0.5 AU

Streamer-blowout coronal mass ejections (SBO-CMEs) are the dominant CME population during solar minimum. Although they are typically slow and lack clear low-coronal signatures, they can cause geomagnetic storms. With the aid of extrapolated coronal fields and remote observations of the off-limb low corona, we study the initiation of an SBO-CME preceded by consecutive CME eruptions consistent with a multi-stage sympathetic breakout scenario. From inner-heliospheric Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations, it is evident that the ...

Pal, Sanchita; Lynch, Benjamin; Good, Simon; Palmerio, Erika; Asvestari, Eleanna; Pomoell, Jens; Stevens, Michael; Kilpua, Emilia;

Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2022.903676

Parker Data Used; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Statistical Analysis of Intermittency and its Association with Proton Heating in the Near-Sun Environment

We use data from the first six encounters of the Parker Solar Probe and employ the partial variance of increments (PVI) method to study the statistical properties of coherent structures in the inner heliosphere with the aim of exploring physical connections between magnetic field intermittency and observable consequences such as plasma heating and turbulence dissipation. Our results support proton heating localized in the vicinity of, and strongly correlated with, magnetic structures characterized by PVI \ensuremath\geq 1. W ...

Sioulas, Nikos; Velli, Marco; Chhiber, Rohit; Vlahos, Loukas; Matthaeus, William; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Cuesta, Manuel; Shi, Chen; Bowen, Trevor; Qudsi, Ramiz; Stevens, Michael; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4fc1

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics; 1534; 1544; 1261; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Erratum: The Role of Alfv\ en Wave Dynamics on the Large-scale Properties of the Solar Wind: Comparing an MHD Simulation with Parker Solar Probe E1 data (2020, ApJS, 246, 24)

eville, Victor; Velli, Marco; Panasenco, Olga; Tenerani, Anna; Shi, Chen; Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, J.~C.; Stevens, Michael; Korreck, Kelly; Bonnell, J.~W.; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Malaspina, David; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: \apjs      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ac532e

Parker Data Used

Influence of Large-scale Interplanetary Structures on the Propagation of Solar Energetic Particles: The Multispacecraft Event on 2021 October 9

An intense solar energetic particle (SEP) event was observed on 2021 October 9 by multiple spacecraft distributed near the ecliptic plane at heliocentric radial distances R \ensuremath\lesssim 1 au and within a narrow range of heliolongitudes. A stream interaction region (SIR), sequentially observed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) at R = 0.76 au and 48\textdegree east from Earth (\ensuremath\phi = E48\textdegree), STEREO-A (at R = 0.96 au, \ensuremath\phi = E39\textdegree), Solar Orbiter (SolO; at R = 0.68 au, \ensuremath\phi = ...

Lario, D.; Wijsen, N.; Kwon, R.~Y.; anchez-Cano, B.; Richardson, I.~G.; Pacheco, D.; Palmerio, E.; Stevens, M.~L.; Szabo, A.; Heyner, D.; Dresing, N.; omez-Herrero, R.; Carcaboso, F.; Aran, A.; Afanasiev, A.; Vainio, R.; Riihonen, E.; Poedts, S.; Brüden, M.; Xu, Z.~G.; Kollhoff, A.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6efd

Parker Data Used; Corotating streams; Solar energetic particles; Solar coronal mass ejection shocks; 314; 1491; 1997

Parker Solar Probe Evidence for the Absence of Whistlers Close to the Sun to Scatter Strahl and to Regulate Heat Flux

Using the Parker Solar Probe FIELDS bandpass-filter data and SWEAP electron data from Encounters 1 through 9, we show statistical properties of narrowband whistlers from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde16 R $_s$ to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde130 R $_s$, and compare wave occurrence to electron properties including beta, temperature anisotropy, and heat flux. Whistlers are very rarely observed inside \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde28 R $_s$ (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.13 au). Outside 28 R $_s$, they occur within a narrow ...

Cattell, C.; Breneman, A.; Dombeck, J.; Hanson, E.; Johnson, M.; Halekas, J.; Bale, S.~D.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Case, T.; Kasper, J.~C.; Larson, D.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4015

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1261; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Improving the Alfv\ en Wave Solar Atmosphere Model Based on Parker Solar Probe Data

In van der Holst et al. (2019), we modeled the solar corona and inner heliosphere of the first encounter of NASA s Parker Solar Probe (PSP) using the Alfv\ en Wave Solar atmosphere Model (AWSoM) with Air Force Data Assimilative Photospheric flux Transport- Global Oscillation Network Group magnetograms, and made predictions of the state of the solar wind plasma for the first encounter. AWSoM uses low-frequency Alfv\ en wave turbulence to address the coronal heating and acceleration. Here, we revise our simulations, by introdu ...

van der Holst, B.; Huang, J.; Sachdeva, N.; Kasper, J.~C.; Manchester, W.~B.; Borovikov, D.; Chandran, B.~D.~G.; Case, A.~W.; Korreck, K.~E.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Bale, S.~D.; Pulupa, M.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Harvey, P.~R.; Goetz, K.; MacDowall, R.~J.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac3d34

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1964

Turbulence in the Sub-Alfv\ enic Solar Wind

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) entered a region of sub-Alfv\ enic solar wind during encounter 8, and we present the first detailed analysis of low-frequency turbulence properties in this novel region. The magnetic field and flow velocity vectors were highly aligned during this interval. By constructing spectrograms of the normalized magnetic helicity, cross-helicity, and residual energy, we find that PSP observed primarily Alfv\ enic fluctuations, a consequence of the highly field-aligned flow that renders quasi-2D fluctuation ...

Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.; Adhikari, L.; Telloni, D.; Kasper, J.~C.; Stevens, M.; Rahmati, A.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac51da

Parker Data Used; 830; 1534; 1476; 1995; 1483

Sub-Alfv\ enic Solar Wind Observed by the Parker Solar Probe: Characterization of Turbulence, Anisotropy, Intermittency, and Switchback

In the lower solar coronal regions where the magnetic field is dominant, the Alfv\ en speed is much higher than the wind speed. In contrast, the near-Earth solar wind is strongly super- Alfv\ enic, i.e., the wind speed greatly exceeds the Alfv\ en speed. The transition between these regimes is classically described as the Alfv\ en point but may in fact occur in a distributed Alfv\ en critical region. NASA s Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission has entered this region, as it follows a series of orbits that gradually approach ...

Bandyopadhyay, R.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; Chhiber, R.; Usmanov, A.~V.; Huang, J.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.~E.; Kasper, J.~C.; Case, A.~W.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Romeo, O.~M.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.~R.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4a5c

Parker Data Used; 1544; 1534; 824; 23; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Magnetic Field Intermittency in the Solar Wind: Parker Solar Probe and SolO Observations Ranging from the Alfv\ en Region up to 1 AU

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and SolO data are utilized to investigate magnetic field intermittency in the solar wind (SW). Small-scale intermittency (20-100 d $_ i $) is observed to radially strengthen when methods relying on higher-order moments are considered (SF$_ q $; SDK), but no clear trend is observed at larger scales. However, lower-order moment-based methods (e.g., partial variance of increments; PVI) are deemed more appropriate for examining the evolution of the bulk of coherent structures (CSs), PVI \ensuremath\geq 3 ...

Sioulas, Nikos; Huang, Zesen; Velli, Marco; Chhiber, Rohit; Cuesta, Manuel; Shi, Chen; Matthaeus, William; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Vlahos, Loukas; Bowen, Trevor; Qudsi, Ramiz; Bale, Stuart; Owen, Christopher; Louarn, P.; Fedorov, A.; c, Milan; Stevens, Michael; Case, Anthony; Kasper, Justin; Larson, Davin; Pulupa, Marc; Livi, Roberto;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac7aa2

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics; Solar Physics; 1534; 830; 1964; 1544; 1261; 1476; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Linking Small-scale Solar Wind Properties with Large-scale Coronal Source Regions through Joint Parker Solar Probe-Metis/Solar Orbiter Observations

The solar wind measured in situ by Parker Solar Probe in the very inner heliosphere is studied in combination with the remote-sensing observation of the coronal source region provided by the METIS coronagraph aboard Solar Orbiter. The coronal outflows observed near the ecliptic by Metis on 2021 January 17 at 16:30 UT, between 3.5 and 6.3 R $_\ensuremath\odot$ above the eastern solar limb, can be associated with the streams sampled by PSP at 0.11 and 0.26 au from the Sun, in two time intervals almost 5 days apart. The two pla ...

Telloni, Daniele; Zank, Gary; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Amicis, Raffaella; Panasenco, Olga; Susino, Roberto; Bruno, Roberto; Perrone, Denise; Adhikari, Laxman; Liang, Haoming; Nakanotani, Masaru; Zhao, Lingling; Hadid, Lina; anchez-Cano, Beatriz; Verscharen, Daniel; Velli, Marco; Grimani, Catia; Marino, Raffaele; Carbone, Francesco; Mancuso, Salvatore; Biondo, Ruggero; Pagano, Paolo; Reale, Fabio; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Romoli, Marco; Andretta, Vincenzo; Da Deppo, Vania; Fineschi, Silvano; Heinzel, Petr; Moses, John; Naletto, Giampiero; Nicolini, Gianalfredo; Spadaro, Daniele; Stangalini, Marco; Teriaca, Luca; Capobianco, Gerardo; Capuano, Giuseppe; Casini, Chiara; Casti, Marta; Chioetto, Paolo; Corso, Alain; De Leo, Yara; Fabi, Michele; Frassati, Federica; Frassetto, Fabio; Giordano, Silvio; Guglielmino, Salvo; Jerse, Giovanna; Landini, Federico; Liberatore, Alessandro; Magli, Enrico; Massone, Giuseppe; Messerotti, Mauro; Pancrazzi, Maurizio; Pelizzo, Maria; Romano, Paolo; Sasso, Clementina; Schühle, Udo; Slemer, Alessandra; Straus, Thomas; Uslenghi, Michela; Volpicelli, Cosimo; Zangrilli, Luca; Zuppella, Paola; Abbo, Lucia; Auchère, Fr\; Cuadrado, Regina; Berlicki, Arkadiusz; Ciaravella, Angela; Lamy, Philippe; Lanzafame, Alessandro; Malvezzi, Marco; Nicolosi, Piergiorgio; o, Giuseppe; Peter, Hardi; Solanki, Sami; Strachan, Leonard; Tsinganos, Kanaris; Ventura, Rita; Vial, Jean-Claude; Woch, Joachim; Zimbardo, Gaetano;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac8103

Parker Data Used; H II regions; Alfven waves; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar corona; Heliosphere; Solar wind; 694; 23; 1544; 830; 1483; 711; 1534

Turbulence and Waves in the Sub-Alfv\ enic Solar Wind Observed by the Parker Solar Probe during Encounter 10

During its 10th orbit around the Sun, the Parker Solar Probe sampled two intervals where the local Alfv\ en speed exceeded the solar wind speed, lasting more than 10 hours in total. In this paper, we analyze the turbulence and wave properties during these periods. The turbulence is observed to be Alfv\ enic and unbalanced, dominated by outward-propagating modes. The power spectrum of the outward-propagating Elsässer z $^+$ mode steepens at high frequencies while that of the inward- propagating z $^-$ mode flattens. The obse ...

Zhao, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Adhikari, L.; Telloni, D.; Stevens, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Bale, S.~D.; Raouafi, N.~E.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac8353

Parker Data Used; Solar Coronal Waves; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1995; 830; 1534

Patches of Magnetic Switchbacks and Their Origins

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) has shown that the solar wind in the inner heliosphere is characterized by the quasi omnipresence of magnetic switchbacks ( switchback hereinafter), local backward bends of magnetic field lines. Switchbacks also tend to come in patches, with a large-scale modulation that appears to have a spatial scale size comparable to supergranulation on the Sun. Here we inspect data from the first 10 encounters of PSP focusing on different time intervals when clear switchback patches were observed by PSP. We s ...

Shi, Chen; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Tenerani, Anna; Verniero, Jaye; Sioulas, Nikos; Huang, Zesen; Brosius, A.; Bale, Stuart; Klein, Kristopher; Kasper, Justin; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: \apj      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac7c11

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Solar corona; Solar prominences; interplanetary turbulence; 1534; 1483; 1519; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

The Turbulent Properties of the Sub-Alfv\ enic Solar Wind Measured by the Parker Solar Probe

For the first time, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed the sub- Alfv\ enic solar wind where the solar wind bulk speed drops below the local Alfv\ en speed for an extended period of time. Here, we report on the turbulent properties of the sub- Alfv\ enic region. We analyze the turbulence correlation length and the energy transfer and compare the results with nearby super-Alfv\ enic regions. As the Alfv\ en speed is larger or comparable to the solar wind speed in the intervals studied, we use a modified Taylor s hypothesis to a ...

Zhao, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Telloni, D.; Stevens, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac5fb0

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; 1534; 830

2021

Characteristic Scales of Magnetic Switchback Patches Near the Sun and Their Possible Association With Solar Supergranulation and Granulation

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data recorded within a heliocentric radial distance of 0.3 au have revealed a magnetic field dominated by Alfv\ enic structures that undergo large local variations or even reversals of the radial magnetic field. They are called magnetic switchbacks, they are consistent with folds in magnetic field lines within a same magnetic sector and are associated with velocity spikes during an otherwise calmer background. They are thought to originate either in the low solar atmosphere through magnetic reconnect ...

Fargette, Na; Lavraud, Benoit; Rouillard, Alexis; eville, Victor; de Wit, Thierry; Froment, Clara; Halekas, Jasper; Phan, Tai; Malaspina, David; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Louarn, Philippe; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Berthomier, Matthieu;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1112

Solar wind; Solar Physics; Wavelet analysis; Supergranulation; Solar granulation; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 1476; 1918; 1662; 1498; 1503; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Exploring the Solar Wind from Its Source on the Corona into the Inner Heliosphere during the First Solar Orbiter-Parker Solar Probe Quadrature

This Letter addresses the first Solar Orbiter (SO)-Parker Solar Probe (PSP) quadrature, occurring on 2021 January 18 to investigate the evolution of solar wind from the extended corona to the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, the same plasma volume observed remotely in the corona at altitudes between 3.5 and 6.3 solar radii above the solar limb with the Metis coronagraph on SO can be tracked to PSP, orbiting at 0.1 au, thus allowing the local properties of the solar wind to be linked to the coronal source re ...

Telloni, Daniele; Andretta, Vincenzo; Antonucci, Ester; Bemporad, Alessandro; Capuano, Giuseppe; Fineschi, Silvano; Giordano, Silvio; Habbal, Shadia; Perrone, Denise; Pinto, Rui; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Spadaro, Daniele; Susino, Roberto; Woodham, Lloyd; Zank, Gary; Romoli, Marco; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Auchère, Fr\; Bruno, Roberto; Capobianco, Gerardo; Case, Anthony; Casini, Chiara; Casti, Marta; Chioetto, Paolo; Corso, Alain; Da Deppo, Vania; De Leo, Yara; de Wit, Thierry; Frassati, Federica; Frassetto, Fabio; Goetz, Keith; Guglielmino, Salvo; Harvey, Peter; Heinzel, Petr; Jerse, Giovanna; Korreck, Kelly; Landini, Federico; Larson, Davin; Liberatore, Alessandro; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Magli, Enrico; Malaspina, David; Massone, Giuseppe; Messerotti, Mauro; Moses, John; Naletto, Giampiero; Nicolini, Gianalfredo; o, Giuseppe; Panasenco, Olga; Pancrazzi, Maurizio; Pelizzo, Maria; Pulupa, Marc; Reale, Fabio; Romano, Paolo; Sasso, Clementina; Schühle, Udo; Stangalini, Marco; Stevens, Michael; Strachan, Leonard; Straus, Thomas; Teriaca, Luca; Uslenghi, Michela; Velli, Marco; Verscharen, Daniel; Volpicelli, Cosimo; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Zangrilli, Luca; Zimbardo, Gaetano; Zuppella, Paola;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac282f

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar corona; Heliosphere; Solar wind; 1964; 1544; 830; 1483; 711; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Comparative Analysis of the 2020 November 29 Solar Energetic Particle Event Observed by Parker Solar Probe

We analyze two specific features of the intense solar energetic particle (SEP) event observed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) between 2020 November 29 and 2020 December 2. The interplanetary counterpart of the coronal mass ejection (CME) on 2020 November 29 that generated the SEP event (hereafter ICME-2) arrived at PSP (located at 0.8 au from the Sun) on 2020 December 1. ICME-2 was preceded by the passage of an interplanetary shock at 18:35 UT on 2020 November 30 (hereafter S2), that in turn was preceded by another ICME (i.e., I ...

Lario, D.; Richardson, I.~G.; Palmerio, E.; Lugaz, N.; Bale, S.~D.; Stevens, M.~L.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Giacalone, J.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Szabo, A.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Wilson, L.~B.; Christian, E.~R.; Hill, M.~E.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac157f

Parker Data Used; Solar energetic particles; Interplanetary shocks; Solar coronal mass ejections; interplanetary magnetic fields; 1491; 829; 310; 824

Predicting the Magnetic Fields of a Stealth CME Detected by Parker Solar Probe at 0.5 au

Stealth coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are eruptions from the Sun that are not associated with appreciable low-coronal signatures. Because they often cannot be linked to a well-defined source region on the Sun, analysis of their initial magnetic configuration and eruption dynamics is particularly problematic. In this article, we address this issue by undertaking the first attempt at predicting the magnetic fields of a stealth CME that erupted in 2020 June from the Earth-facing Sun. We estimate its source region with the aid o ...

Palmerio, Erika; Kay, Christina; Al-Haddad, Nada; Lynch, Benjamin; Yu, Wenyuan; Stevens, Michael; Pal, Sanchita; Lee, Christina;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac25f4

Parker Data Used; Solar coronal mass ejections; Solar corona; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar coronal streamers; 310; 1483; 824; 1486; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Alfv\ en Speed Transition Zone in the Solar Corona

The Alfv\ en radius, r$_A$, at which solar wind radial outflow speed exceeds the Alfv\ en wave speed, is an important parameter in understanding solar wind evolution in the extended corona. The mean solar wind angular momentum scales with $r_A^2$ in the axisymmetric steady-state approximation, so the Alfv\ en radius is often referenced in the study of solar wind corotation and dynamics. Alfv\ en wave speed is derived from the magnetic-field intensity and plasma mass density. In the inner coronal regions, these parameters wer ...

Wexler, David; Stevens, Michael; Case, Anthony; Song, Paul;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac25fa

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Solar corona; 1534; 1483

Ambipolar Electric Field and Potential in the Solar Wind Estimated from Electron Velocity Distribution Functions

The solar wind escapes from the solar corona and is accelerated, over a short distance, to its terminal velocity. The energy balance associated with this acceleration remains poorly understood. To quantify the global electrostatic contribution to the solar wind dynamics, we empirically estimate the ambipolar electric field (E$_\ensuremath\parallel$) and potential (\ensuremath\Phi$_r,\ensuremath\infty$). We analyze electron velocity distribution functions (VDFs) measured in the near-Sun solar wind between 20.3 R$_S$ and 85.3 ...

Ber\vci\vc, Laura; c, Milan; Halekas, Jasper; Landi, Simone; Owen, Christopher; Verscharen, Daniel; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart.; Case, Anthony; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: \apj      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1f1c

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Collision processes; Space vehicle instruments; 1534; 1544; 826; 2065; 1548; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Evidence of Subproton Scale Magnetic Holes in the Venusian Magnetosheath

Depressions in magnetic field strength, commonly referred to as magnetic holes, are observed ubiquitously in space plasmas. Subproton scale magnetic holes with spatial scales smaller than or on the order of a proton gyroradius, are likely supported by electron current vortices, rotating perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field. While there are numerous accounts of subproton scale magnetic holes within the Earth s magnetosphere, there are few, if any, reported observations in other space plasma environments. We present the ...

Goodrich, Katherine; Bonnell, John; Curry, Shannon; Livi, Roberto; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Mozer, Forrest; Malaspina, David; Halekas, Jasper; McManus, Michael; Bale, Stuart; Bowen, Trevor; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Larson, Davin; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: \grl      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090329

Parker Data Used

A powerful machine learning technique to extract proton core, beam, and \ensuremath\alpha-particle parameters from velocity distribution functions in space plasmas

Context. The analysis of the thermal part of velocity distribution functions (VDFs) is fundamentally important for understanding the kinetic physics that governs the evolution and dynamics of space plasmas. However, calculating the proton core, beam, and \ensuremath\alpha-particle parameters for large data sets of VDFs is a time-consuming and computationally demanding process that always requires supervision by a human expert. \ Aims: We developed a machine learning tool that can extract proton core, beam, and \ensuremath\al ...

Vech, D.; Stevens, M.~L.; Paulson, K.~W.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Case, A.~W.; Klein, K.~G.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202141063

Parker Data Used; turbulence; plasmas; waves; methods: statistical; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Narrowband oblique whistler-mode waves: comparing properties observed by Parker Solar Probe at <0.3 AU and STEREO at 1 AU

\ Aims: Large amplitude narrowband obliquely propagating whistler-mode waves at frequencies of \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.2 f$_ce$ (electron cyclotron frequency) are commonly observed at 1 AU, and they are most consistent with the whistler heat flux fan instability. We want to determine whether similar whistler-mode waves occur inside 0.3 AU and how their properties compare to those at 1 AU. \ Methods: We utilized the waveform capture data from the Parker Solar Probe Fields instrument from Encounters 1 through 4 to deve ...

Cattell, C.; Short, B.; Breneman, A.; Halekas, J.; Whittesley, P.; Larson, D.; Kasper, J.; Stevens, M.; Case, T.; , al;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039550"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Solar wind energy flux observations in the inner heliosphere: First results from Parker Solar Probe

\ Aims: We investigate the solar wind energy flux in the inner heliosphere using 12-day observations around each perihelion of Encounter One (E01), Two (E02), Four (E04), and Five (E05) of Parker Solar Probe (PSP), respectively, with a minimum heliocentric distance of 27.8 solar radii (R$_\ensuremath\odot$). \ Methods: Energy flux was calculated based on electron parameters (density n$_e$, core electron temperature T$_c$, and suprathermal electron temperature T$_h$) obtained from the simplified analysis of the plasma quasi-t ...

Liu, M.; Issautier, K.; Meyer-Vernet, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Maksimovic, M.; Halekas, J.; Huang, J.; Griton, L.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039615"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Sunward Electron Deficit: A Telltale Sign of the Sun s Electric Potential

As the Parker Solar Probe explores new regions of the inner heliosphere, it travels ever deeper into the electric potential of the Sun. In the near-Sun environment, a new feature of the electron distribution emerges, in the form of a deficit in the sunward suprathermal population. The lower boundary of this deficit forms a cutoff in phase space, at an energy determined by the electric potential drop between the observation point and the outer heliosphere. We explore the characteristics of the sunward deficit and the associat ...

Halekas, J.~S.; Ber\vci\vc, L.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.~E.; Livi, R.; Berthomier, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Case, A.~W.; Stevens, M.~L.; Bale, S.~D.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Pulupa, M.~P.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac096e

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; The Sun; 1534; 1693

Parker Solar Probe Enters the Magnetically Dominated Solar Corona

The high temperatures and strong magnetic fields of the solar corona form streams of solar wind that expand through the Solar System into interstellar space. At 09:33 UT on 28 April 2021 Parker Solar Probe entered the magnetized atmosphere of the Sun 13 million km above the photosphere, crossing below the Alfv\ en critical surface for five hours into plasma in casual contact with the Sun with an Alfv\ en Mach number of 0.79 and magnetic pressure dominating both ion and electron pressure. The spectrum of turbulence below the ...

Kasper, J.~C.; Klein, K.~G.; Lichko, E.; Huang, Jia; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Badman, S.~T.; Bonnell, J.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; Rahmati, A.; Stansby, D.; Korreck, K.~E.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.~W.; Bale, S.~D.; Maksimovic, M.; Moncuquet, M.; Goetz, K.; Halekas, J.~S.; Malaspina, D.; Raouafi, Nour; Szabo, A.; MacDowall, R.; Velli, Marco; de Wit, Thierry; Zank, G.~P.;

Published by: \prl      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.255101

Parker Data Used

Energetic particle behavior in near-Sun magnetic field switchbacks from PSP

Context. The observation of numerous magnetic switchbacks and associated plasma jets in Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first five orbits, particularly near the Sun, has attracted considerable attention. Switchbacks have been found to be systematically associated with correlated reversals in the direction of the propagation of Alfvénic fluctuations, as well as similar reversals of the electron strahl.
Aims: Here we aim to see whether the energetic particles change direction at the magnetic field switchbacks.

Bandyopadhyay, R.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; Joyce, C.; Szalay, J.; Christian, E.; Giacalone, J.; Schwadron, N.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; McNutt, R.; Desai, M.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039800

Solar wind; magnetic fields; plasmas; turbulence; instabilities; waves; Parker Data Used

Electron Bernstein waves and narrowband plasma waves near the electron cyclotron frequency in the near-Sun solar wind

Context. Recent studies of the solar wind sunward of 0.25 AU reveal that it contains quiescent regions, with low-amplitude plasma and magnetic field fluctuations, and a magnetic field direction similar to the Parker spiral. The quiescent regions are thought to have a more direct magnetic connection to the solar corona than other types of solar wind, suggesting that waves or instabilities in the quiescent regions are indicative of the early evolution of the solar wind as it escapes the corona. The quiescent solar wind regions ...

Malaspina, D.; Wilson, L.; Ergun, R.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Goodrich, K.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Halekas, J.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Larson, D.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140449

Solar wind; plasmas; instabilities; waves; Parker Data Used

The contribution of alpha particles to the solar wind angular momentum flux in the inner heliosphere

Context. An accurate assessment of the Sun s angular momentum (AM) loss rate is an independent constraint for models that describe the rotation evolution of Sun-like stars.
Aims: In situ measurements of the solar wind taken by Parker Solar Probe (PSP), at radial distances of ~28−55 R, are used to constrain the solar wind AM-loss rate. For the first time with PSP, this includes a measurement of the alpha particle contribution.
Methods: The mechanical AM flux in the solar wind protons (core and be ...

Finley, A.; McManus, M.; Matt, S.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Bale, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039288

Solar wind; stars: evolution; stars: winds; outflows; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Prevalence of magnetic reconnection in the near-Sun heliospheric current sheet

During three of its first five orbits around the Sun, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) crossed the large-scale heliospheric current sheet (HCS) multiple times and provided unprecedented detailed plasma and field observations of the near-Sun HCS. We report the common detections by PSP of reconnection exhaust signatures in the HCS at heliocentric distances of 29.5-107 solar radii during encounters 1, 4, and 5. Both sunward and antisunward-directed reconnection exhausts were observed. In the sunward reconnection exhausts, PSP detected ...

Phan, T.; Lavraud, B.; Halekas, J.; Øieroset, M.; Drake, J.; Eastwood, J.; Shay, M.; Pyakurel, P.; Bale, S.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Whittlesey, P.; Rahmati, A.; Pulupa, M.; McManus, M.; Verniero, J.; Bonnell, J.; Schwadron, N.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Szabo, P.; Koval, A.; Korreck, K.; de Wit, Dudok; Malaspina, D.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039863

Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind; Sun: flares; Parker Data Used

Detection of small magnetic flux ropes from the third and fourth Parker Solar Probe encounters

Context.
Aims: We systematically search for magnetic flux rope structures in the solar wind to within the closest distance to the Sun of ~0.13 AU, using data from the third and fourth orbits of the Parker Solar Probe.
Methods: We extended our previous magnetic helicity-based technique of identifying magnetic flux rope structures. The method was improved upon to incorporate the azimuthal flow, which becomes larger as the spacecraft approaches the Sun.
Results: A total of 21 and 34 magnetic flux ropes are ...

Zhao, L.; Zank, G.; Hu, Q.; Telloni, D.; Chen, Y.; Adhikari, L.; Nakanotani, M.; Kasper, J.; Huang, J.; Bale, S.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Whittlesey, P.; Klein, K.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039298

Solar wind; Sun: magnetic fields; turbulence; methods: observational; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Wave-particle energy transfer directly observed in an ion cyclotron wave

Context. The first studies with Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data have made significant progress toward understanding of the fundamental properties of ion cyclotron waves in the inner heliosphere. The survey mode particle measurements of PSP, however, did not make it possible to measure the coupling between electromagnetic fields and particles on the time scale of the wave periods.
Aims: We present a novel approach to study wave-particle energy exchange with PSP.
Methods: We used the Flux Angle operation mode of th ...

Vech, D.; Martinovic, M.; Klein, K.; Malaspina, D.; Bowen, T.; Verniero, J.; Paulson, K.; de Wit, Dudok; Kasper, J.; Huang, J.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Mozer, F.; Goodrich, K.; Bale, S.; Whittlesey, P.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; Bonnell, J.; Harvey, P.; Goetz, K.; MacDowall, R.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039296

Solar wind; waves; turbulence; Physics - Space Physics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Parker Data Used

Whistler wave occurrence and the interaction with strahl electrons during the first encounter of Parker Solar Probe


Aims: We studied the properties and occurrence of narrowband whistler waves and their interaction with strahl electrons observed between 0.17 and 0.26 au during the first encounter of Parker Solar Probe.
Methods: We used Digital Fields Board band-pass filtered (BPF) data from FIELDS to detect the signatures of whistler waves. Additionally parameters derived from the particle distribution functions measured by the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons (SWEAP) instrument suite were used to investigate the plasm ...

Jagarlamudi, V.; de Wit, Dudok; Froment, C.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Larosa, A.; Bercic, L.; Agapitov, O.; Halekas, J.; Kretzschmar, M.; Malaspina, D.; Moncuquet, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039808

waves; scattering; plasmas; Sun: heliosphere; magnetic fields; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Alfvenic versus non-Alfvenic turbulence in the inner heliosphere as observed by Parker Solar Probe

Context. Parker Solar Probe (PSP) measures the magnetic field and plasma parameters of the solar wind at unprecedentedly close distances to the Sun. These data provide great opportunities to study the early-stage evolution of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in the solar wind.
Aims: In this study, we make use of the PSP data to explore the nature of solar wind turbulence focusing on the Alfvénic character and power spectra of the fluctuations and their dependence on the distance and context (i.e., large-scale sol ...

Shi, C.; Velli, M.; Panasenco, O.; Tenerani, A.; eville, V.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Case, A.; Larson, D.; Verniero, J.; Livi, R.; Stevens, M.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039818"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Direct evidence for magnetic reconnection at the boundaries of magnetic switchbacks with Parker Solar Probe

Context. The first encounters of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) with the Sun revealed the presence of ubiquitous localised magnetic deflections in the inner heliosphere; these structures, often called switchbacks, are particularly striking in solar wind streams originating from coronal holes.
Aims: We report the direct piece of evidence for magnetic reconnection occurring at the boundaries of three switchbacks crossed by PSP at a distance of 45 to 48 solar radii to the Sun during its first encounter.
Methods: We anal ...

Froment, C.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; de Wit, Dudok; Agapitov, O.; Fargette, N.; Lavraud, B.; Larosa, A.; Kretzschmar, M.; Jagarlamudi, V.; Velli, M.; Malaspina, D.; Whittlesey, P.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; MacDowall, R.; Mozer, F.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039806

Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind; magnetic fields; magnetic reconnection; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Switchbacks: statistical properties and deviations from Alfvénicity

Context. Parker Solar Probe s first solar encounter has revealed the presence of sudden magnetic field deflections in the slow Alfvénic solar wind. These structures, which are often called switchbacks, are associated with proton velocity enhancements.
Aims: We study their statistical properties with a special focus on their boundaries.
Methods: Using data from SWEAP and FIELDS, we investigate particle and wavefield properties. The magnetic boundaries are analyzed with the minimum variance technique.
Res ...

Larosa, A.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; de Wit, Dudok; Agapitov, O.; Froment, C.; Jagarlamudi, V.; Velli, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039442

Solar wind; magnetic fields; waves; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Using Parker Solar Probe observations during the first four perihelia to constrain global magnetohydrodynamic models

Context. Parker Solar Probe (PSP) is providing an unprecedented view of the Sun s corona as it progressively dips closer into the solar atmosphere with each solar encounter. Each set of observations provides a unique opportunity to test and constrain global models of the solar corona and inner heliosphere and, in turn, use the model results to provide a global context for interpreting such observations.
Aims: In this study, we develop a set of global magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model solutions of varying degrees of soph ...

Riley, Pete; Lionello, Roberto; Caplan, Ronald; Downs, Cooper; Linker, Jon; Badman, Samuel; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039815

Sun: corona; Sun: heliosphere; Sun: magnetic fields; Solar wind; Sun: evolution; Interplanetary medium; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Evolution of Solar Wind Turbulence from 0.1 to 1 au during the First Parker Solar Probe-Solar Orbiter Radial Alignment

The first radial alignment between Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter spacecraft is used to investigate the evolution of solar wind turbulence in the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, two 1.5 hr intervals are tentatively identified as providing measurements of the same plasma parcels traveling from 0.1 to 1 au. Using magnetic field measurements from both spacecraft, the properties of turbulence in the two intervals are assessed. Magnetic spectral density, flatness, and high-order moment scaling laws are ca ...

Telloni, Daniele; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Woodham, Lloyd; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Carbone, Francesco; Zank, Gary; Bruno, Roberto; Perrone, Denise; Nakanotani, Masaru; Shi, Chen; Amicis, Raffaella; De Marco, Rossana; Jagarlamudi, Vamsee; Steinvall, Konrad; Marino, Raffaele; Adhikari, Laxman; Zhao, Lingling; Liang, Haoming; Tenerani, Anna; Laker, Ronan; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; MacDowall, Robert; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Owen, Christopher; Livi, Stefano; Louarn, Philippe; Antonucci, Ester; Romoli, Marco; Brien, Helen; Evans, Vincent; Angelini, Virginia;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf7d1

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Alfven waves; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1964; 23; 1544; 830; 1534

Multiscale Solar Wind Turbulence Properties inside and near Switchbacks Measured by the Parker Solar Probe

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) routinely observes magnetic field deflections in the solar wind at distances less than 0.3 au from the Sun. These deflections are related to structures commonly called "switchbacks" (SBs), whose origins and characteristic properties are currently debated. Here, we use a database of visually selected SB intervals—and regions of solar wind plasma measured just before and after each SB—to examine plasma parameters, turbulent spectra from inertial to dissipation scales, and intermittency ...

Martinovic, Mihailo; Klein, Kristopher; Huang, Jia; Chandran, Benjamin; Kasper, Justin; Lichko, Emily; Bowen, Trevor; Chen, Christopher; Matteini, Lorenzo; Stevens, Michael; Case, Anthony; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abebe5

Parker Data Used; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1544; 830; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Parker Solar Probe Evidence for Scattering of Electrons in the Young Solar Wind by Narrowband Whistler-mode Waves

Observations of plasma waves by the Fields Suite and of electrons by the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons Investigation on the Parker Solar Probe provide strong evidence for pitch angle scattering of strahl-energy electrons by narrowband whistler-mode waves at radial distances less than ∼0.3 au. We present two example intervals of a few hours each that include eight waveform captures with whistler-mode waves and 26 representative electron distributions that are examined in detail. Two were narrow, seventeen were cle ...

Cattell, C.; Breneman, A.; Dombeck, J.; Short, B.; Wygant, J.; Halekas, J.; Case, Tony; Kasper, J.; Larson, D.; Stevens, Mike; Whittesley, P.; Bale, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goodrich, K.; MacDowall, R.; Moncuquet, M.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abefdd

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics; Interplanetary physics; Interplanetary particle acceleration; 1534; 1544; 1261; 827; 826; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Inferred Linear Stability of Parker Solar Probe Observations Using One- and Two-component Proton Distributions

The hot and diffuse nature of the Sun s extended atmosphere allows it to persist in non-equilibrium states for long enough that wave-particle instabilities can arise and modify the evolution of the expanding solar wind. Determining which instabilities arise, and how significant a role they play in governing the dynamics of the solar wind, has been a decades-long process involving in situ observations at a variety of radial distances. With new measurements from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we can study what wave modes are dr ...

Klein, K.; Verniero, J.; Alterman, B.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Lichko, E.; Livi, R.; McManus, M.; Martinovic, M.; Rahmati, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7a0

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma physics; 1534; 1544; 2089; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Determination of Solar Wind Angular Momentum and Alfv\ en Radius from Parker Solar Probe Observations

Liu, Ying; Chen, Chong; Stevens, Michael; Liu, Mingzhe;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abe38e

Fundamental parameters of stars; Solar rotation; Solar wind; 555; 1524; 1534

Radial Evolution of a CIR: Observations From a Nearly Radially Aligned Event Between Parker Solar Probe and STEREO A

The addition of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to the Heliophysics System Observatory has allowed for the unprecedented ability to study Corotating Interaction Regions (CIRs) at multiple radial distances without significant temporal/longitudinal variations. On September 19, 2019, PSP observed a CIR at ∼0.5 au when it was nearly radially aligned with the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Ahead (STEREO A) spacecraft at ∼1 au, allowing for an unambiguous assessment of the radial evolution of a single CIR. Bulk plasma and ma ...

Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Mason, G.; Li, G.; Jian, L.; Vines, S.; Schwadron, N.; Joyce, C.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Desai, M.; Filwett, R.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Hill, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Lario, D.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Paulson, K.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL091376

Parker Data Used; CIRs; parker solar probe; Solar wind; STEREO; suprathermal ions

Kinetic-Scale Turbulence in the Venusian Magnetosheath

Bowen, T.~A.; Bale, S.~D.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Case, A.; Chasapis, A.; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Curry, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Gruesbeck, J.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.~R.; Howes, G.~G.; Kasper, J.~C.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Mallet, A.; McManus, M.~D.; Page, B.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.~L.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \grl      Published on: 01/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090783

Instability; kinetic; plasma; PSP; turbulence; Venus



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