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Found 19 entries in the Bibliography.
Showing entries from 1 through 19
Parker Solar Probe Observations of Solar Wind Energetic Proton Beams Produced by Magnetic Reconnection in the Near-Sun Heliospheric Current Sheet
We report observations of reconnection exhausts in the Heliospheric Current Sheet (HCS) during Parker Solar Probe Encounters 08 and 07, at 16 R$_s$ and 20 R$_s$, respectively. Heliospheric current sheet (HCS) reconnection accelerated protons to almost twice the solar wind speed and increased the proton core energy by a factor of \ensuremath\sim3, due to the Alfv\ en speed being comparable to the solar wind flow speed at these near-Sun distances. Furthermore, protons were energized to super-thermal energies. During E08, energ ...
Phan, T.~D.; Verniero, J.~L.; Larson, D.; Lavraud, B.; Drake, J.~F.; Oieroset, M.; Eastwood, J.~P.; Bale, S.~D.; Livi, R.; Halekas, J.~S.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Rahmati, A.; Stansby, D.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Szabo, P.~A.; Koval, A.; Desai, M.; Fuselier, S.~A.; Velli, M.; Hesse, M.; Pyakurel, P.~S.; Maheshwari, K.; Kasper, J.~C.; Stevens, J.~M.; Case, A.~W.; Raouafi, N.~E.;
Published by: \grl Published on: may
YEAR: 2022   DOI: 10.1029/2021GL096986
Parker Data Used; magnetic reconnection; Particle acceleration; Solar wind; parker solar probe; heliospheric current sheet
The Kinetic Expansion of Solar-wind Electrons: Transport Theory and Predictions for the Very Inner Heliosphere
We propose a transport theory for the kinetic evolution of solar-wind electrons in the heliosphere. We derive a gyro-averaged kinetic transport equation that accounts for the spherical expansion of the solar wind and the geometry of the Parker spiral magnetic field. To solve our three-dimensional kinetic equation, we develop a mathematical approach that combines the Crank-Nicolson scheme in velocity space and a finite-difference Euler scheme in configuration space. We initialize our model with isotropic electron distribution ...
Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Verscharen, Daniel; Vocks, Christian; Abraham, Joel; Owen, Christopher; Wicks, Robert; Fazakerley, Andrew; Stansby, David; Ber\vci\vc, Laura; Nicolaou, Georgios; Rueda, Jeffersson; Bakrania, Mayur;
Published by: \apj Published on: mar
YEAR: 2022   DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4805
Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Heliosphere; Theoretical models; 1534; 1544; 711; 2107; Physics - Space Physics
Radial Evolution of Thermal and Suprathermal Electron Populations in the Slow Solar Wind from 0.13 to 0.5 au: Parker Solar Probe Observations
We develop and apply a bespoke fitting routine to a large volume of solar wind electron distribution data measured by Parker Solar Probe over its first five orbits, covering radial distances from 0.13 to 0.5 au. We characterize the radial evolution of the electron core, halo, and strahl populations in the slow solar wind during these orbits. The fractional densities of these three electron populations provide evidence for the growth of the combined suprathermal halo and strahl populations from 0.13 to 0.17 au. Moreover, the ...
Abraham, Joel; Owen, Christopher; Verscharen, Daniel; Bakrania, Mayur; Stansby, David; Wicks, Robert; Nicolaou, Georgios; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Rueda, Jeffersson; Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Ber\vci\vc, Laura;
Published by: \apj Published on: jun
YEAR: 2022   DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6605
Parker Data Used; The Sun; Heliosphere; Plasma physics; Solar wind; 1693; 711; 2089; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics
The Stability of the Electron Strahl against the Oblique Fast-magnetosonic/Whistler Instability in the Inner Heliosphere
We analyze the micro-kinetic stability of the electron strahl in the solar wind depending on heliocentric distance. The oblique fast- magnetosonic/whistler (FM/W) instability has emerged in the literature as a key candidate mechanism for the effective scattering of the electron strahl into the electron halo population. Using data from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Helios, we compare the measured strahl properties with the analytical thresholds for the oblique FM/W instability in the low- and high-\ensuremath\beta $_\ensur ...
Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Abraham, Joel; Verscharen, Daniel; Ber\vci\vc, Laura; Stansby, David; Nicolaou, Georgios; Owen, Christopher; Wicks, Robert; Fazakerley, Andrew; Rueda, Jeffersson; Bakrania, Mayur;
Published by: \apjl Published on: feb
YEAR: 2022   DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4dff
Parker Data Used; 1534; 1544; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics
Evolution of coronal hole solar wind in the inner heliosphere: Combined observations by Solar Orbiter and Parker Solar Probe
We study the radial evolution, from 0.1 AU to the Earth, of a homogeneous recurrent fast wind, coming from the same source on the Sun, by means of new measurements by both Solar Orbiter and Parker Solar Probe. With respect to previous radial studies, we extend, for the first time, the analysis of a recurrent fast stream at distances never reached prior to the Parker Solar Probe mission. Confirming previous findings, the observations show: (i) a decrease in the radial trend of the proton density that is slower than the one ex ...
Perrone, D.; Perri, S.; Bruno, R.; Stansby, D.; Amicis, R.; Jagarlamudi, V.~K.; Laker, R.; Toledo-Redondo, S.; Stawarz, J.~E.; Telloni, D.; De Marco, R.; Owen, C.~J.; Raines, J.~M.; Settino, A.; Lavraud, B.; Maksimovic, M.; Vaivads, A.; Phan, T.~D.; Fargette, N.; Louarn, P.; Zouganelis, I.;
Published by: \aap Published on: dec
YEAR: 2022   DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202243989
Parker Solar Probe Enters the Magnetically Dominated Solar Corona
The high temperatures and strong magnetic fields of the solar corona form streams of solar wind that expand through the Solar System into interstellar space. At 09:33 UT on 28 April 2021 Parker Solar Probe entered the magnetized atmosphere of the Sun 13 million km above the photosphere, crossing below the Alfv\ en critical surface for five hours into plasma in casual contact with the Sun with an Alfv\ en Mach number of 0.79 and magnetic pressure dominating both ion and electron pressure. The spectrum of turbulence below the ...
Kasper, J.~C.; Klein, K.~G.; Lichko, E.; Huang, Jia; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Badman, S.~T.; Bonnell, J.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; Rahmati, A.; Stansby, D.; Korreck, K.~E.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.~W.; Bale, S.~D.; Maksimovic, M.; Moncuquet, M.; Goetz, K.; Halekas, J.~S.; Malaspina, D.; Raouafi, Nour; Szabo, A.; MacDowall, R.; Velli, Marco; de Wit, Thierry; Zank, G.~P.;
Published by: \prl Published on: dec
YEAR: 2021   DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.255101
The angular-momentum flux in the solar wind observed during Solar Orbiter s first orbit
\ Aims: We present the first measurements of the angular- momentum flux in the solar wind recorded by the Solar Orbiter spacecraft. Our aim is to validate these measurements to support future studies of the Sun s angular-momentum loss. \ Methods: We combined 60-min averages of the proton bulk moments and the magnetic field measured by the Solar Wind Analyser and the magnetometer onboard Solar Orbiter. We calculated the angular-momentum flux per solid-angle element using data from the first orbit of the mission s cruise phase ...
Verscharen, Daniel; Stansby, David; Finley, Adam; Owen, Christopher; Horbury, Timothy; Maksimovic, Milan; Velli, Marco; Bale, Stuart; Louarn, Philippe; Fedorov, Andrei; Bruno, Roberto; Livi, Stefano; Khotyaintsev, Yuri; Vecchio, Antonio; Lewis, Gethyn; Anekallu, Chandrasekhar; Kelly, Christopher; Watson, Gillian; Kataria, Dhiren; Brien, Helen; Evans, Vincent; Angelini, Virginia; SWA, MAG; Teams, RPW;
Published by: \aap Published on: dec
YEAR: 2021   DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140956
magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); plasmas; Sun: magnetic fields; Solar wind; stars: rotation; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics
Enhanced proton parallel temperature inside patches of switchbacks in the inner heliosphere
Context. Switchbacks are discrete angular deflections in the solar wind magnetic field that have been observed throughout the heliosphere. Recent observations by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) have revealed the presence of patches of switchbacks on the scale of hours to days, separated by quieter radial fields. \ Aims: We aim to further diagnose the origin of these patches using measurements of proton temperature anisotropy that can illuminate possible links to formation processes in the solar corona. \ Methods: We fitted 3D bi- ...
Woodham, L.; Horbury, T.; Matteini, L.; Woolley, T.; Laker, R.; Bale, S.; Nicolaou, G.; Stawarz, J.; Stansby, D.; Hietala, H.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Verniero, J.; McManus, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Raouafi, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Pulupa, M.;
Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics Published on: jun
YEAR: 2020   DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039415"
Sensitivity of solar wind mass flux to coronal temperature
Solar wind models predict that the mass flux carried away from the Sun in the solar wind should be extremely sensitive to the temperature in the corona, where the solar wind is accelerated. We perform a direct test of this prediction in coronal holes and active regions using a combination of in situ and remote sensing observations. For coronal holes, a 50\% increase in temperature from 0.8 to 1.2 MK is associated with a tripling of the coronal mass flux. This trend is maintained within active regions at temperatures over 2 M ...
Stansby, D.; Bercic, L.; Matteini, L.; Owen, C.; French, R.; Baker, D.; Badman, S.;
Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics Published on: jun
YEAR: 2020   DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039789"
Prediction of the In Situ Coronal Mass Ejection Rate for Solar Cycle 25: Implications for Parker Solar Probe In Situ Observations
The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Solar Orbiter missions are designed to make groundbreaking observations of the Sun and interplanetary space within this decade. We show that a particularly interesting in situ observation of an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) by PSP may arise during close solar flybys (<0.1 au). During these times, the same magnetic flux rope inside an ICME could be observed in situ by PSP twice, by impacting its frontal part as well as its leg. Investigating the odds of this situation, we forecas ...
Möstl, Christian; Weiss, Andreas; Bailey, Rachel; Reiss, Martin; Amerstorfer, Tanja; Hinterreiter, Jürgen; Bauer, Maike; McIntosh, Scott; Lugaz, No\; Stansby, David;
Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Published on: 11/2020
YEAR: 2020   DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb9a1
Solar coronal mass ejection; Solar storm; Ejecta; space weather; Solar system; Solar wind; Solar Physics; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar magnetic fields
Magnetic Connectivity of the Ecliptic Plane within 0.5 au: Potential Field Source Surface Modeling of the First Parker Solar Probe Encounter
We compare magnetic field measurements taken by the FIELDS instrument on board Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first solar encounter to predictions obtained by potential field source surface (PFSS) modeling. Ballistic propagation is used to connect the spacecraft to the source surface. Despite the simplicity of the model, our results show striking agreement with PSP\textquoterights first observations of the heliospheric magnetic field from ̃0.5 au (107.5 R☉) down to 0.16 au (35.7 R☉). Furthe ...
Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart; Oliveros, Juan; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Stansby, David; Buitrago-Casas, Juan; eville, Victor; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;
Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Published on: 02/2020
YEAR: 2020   DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4da7
Highly Alfv\ enic slow solar wind at 0.3 au during a solar minimum: Helios insights for Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter
Alfv\ enic fluctuations in solar wind are an intrinsic property of fast streams, while slow intervals typically have a very low degree of Alfv\ enicity, with much more variable parameters. However, sometimes a slow wind can be highly Alfv\ enic. Here we compare three different regimes of solar wind, in terms of Alfv\ enic content and spectral properties, during a minimum phase of the solar activity and at 0.3 au. We show that fast and Alfv\ enic slow intervals share some common characteristics. This would suggest a simila ...
Perrone, D.; D\textquoterightAmicis, R.; De Marco, R.; Matteini, L.; Stansby, D.; Bruno, R.; Horbury, T.;
Published by: Astronomy \& Astrophysics Published on: 01/2020
YEAR: 2020   DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201937064
parker solar probe; plasmas; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Sun: corona; Sun: heliosphere; turbulence
Highly structured slow solar wind emerging from an equatorial coronal hole
During the solar minimum, when the Sun is at its least active, the solar wind is observed at high latitudes as a predominantly fast (more than 500 kilometres per second), highly Alfv\ enic rarefied stream of plasma originating from deep within coronal holes. Closer to the ecliptic plane, the solar wind is interspersed with a more variable slow wind of less than 500 kilometres per second. The precise origins of the slow wind streams are less certain; theories and observations suggest that they may originate at the tips of ...
Bale, S.; Badman, S.; Bonnell, J.; Bowen, T.; Burgess, D.; Case, A.; Cattell, C.; Chandran, B.; Chaston, C.; Chen, C.; Drake, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Eastwood, J.; Ergun, R.; Farrell, W.; Fong, C.; Goetz, K.; Goldstein, M.; Goodrich, K.; Harvey, P.; Horbury, T.; Howes, G.; Kasper, J.; Kellogg, P.; Klimchuk, J.; Korreck, K.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Krucker, S.; Laker, R.; Larson, D.; MacDowall, R.; Maksimovic, M.; Malaspina, D.; Martinez-Oliveros, J.; McComas, D.; Meyer-Vernet, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Mozer, F.; Phan, T.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Salem, C.; Stansby, D.; Stevens, M.; Szabo, A.; Velli, M.; Woolley, T.; Wygant, J.;
Published by: Nature Published on: 12/2019
YEAR: 2019   DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1818-7
Thermodynamics of pure fast solar wind: radial evolution of the temperature\textendashspeed relationship in the inner heliosphereABSTRACT
A strong correlation between speed and proton temperature has been observed, across many years, on hourly averaged measurements in the solar wind. Here, we show that this relationship is also observed at a smaller scale on intervals of a few days, within a single stream. Following the radial evolution of a well-defined stream of coronal-hole plasma, we show that the temperature-speed (T-V) relationship evolves with distance, implying that the T-V relationship at 1 au cannot be used as a proxy for that near the Sun. We sug ...
Perrone, Denise; Stansby, D; Horbury, T; Matteini, L;
Published by: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Published on: 09/2019
YEAR: 2019   DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz1877
parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Sun: corona; Sun: heliosphere
Towards Construction of a Solar Wind Reanalysis Dataset: Application to the First Perihelion Pass of Parker Solar Probe
Accurate reconstruction of global solar-wind structure is essential for connecting remote and in situ observations of solar plasma, and hence understanding formation and release of solar wind. Information can routinely be obtained from photospheric magnetograms, via coronal and solar-wind modelling, and directly from in situ observations, typically at large heliocentric distances (most commonly near 1 AU). Magnetogram-constrained modelling has the benefit of reconstructing global solar-wind structure, but with relatively lar ...
Owens, Mathew; Lang, Matthew; Riley, Pete; Stansby, David;
Published by: SOLAR PHYSICS Published on: 06/2019
YEAR: 2019   DOI: 10.1007/s11207-019-1479-6
A New Inner Heliosphere Proton Parameter Dataset from the Helios Mission
In the near future, Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter will provide the first comprehensive in-situ measurements of the solar wind in the inner heliosphere since the Helios mission in the 1970s. We describe a reprocessing of the original Helios ion distribution functions to provide reliable and reproducible data to characterise the proton core population of the solar wind in the inner heliosphere. A systematic fitting of bi-Maxwellian distribution functions was performed to the raw Helios ion distribution function data ...
Stansby, David; Salem, Chadi; Matteini, Lorenzo; Horbury, Timothy;
Published by: Solar Physics Published on: 11/2018
YEAR: 2018   DOI: 10.1007/s11207-018-1377-3
Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Heliosphere; Inner heliosphere; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Solar wind protons
Short, large-amplitude speed enhancements in the near-Sunfast solar wind
We report the presence of intermittent, short discrete enhancements in plasma speed in the near-Sun high-speed solar wind. Lasting tens of seconds to minutes in spacecraft measurements at 0.3 au, speeds inside these enhancements can reach 1000 km s-1, corresponding to a kinetic energy up to twice that of the bulk high-speed solar wind. These events, which occur around 5 per cent of the time, are Alfv\ enic in nature with large magnetic field deflections and are the same temperature as the surrounding plasma, in ...
Horbury, T; Matteini, L; Stansby, D;
Published by: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Published on: 08/2018
YEAR: 2018   DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty953
parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Sun: corona
Radial evolution of the solar wind in pure high-speed streams: HELIOS revised observations
Spacecraft observations have shown that the proton temperature in the solar wind falls off with radial distance more slowly than expected for an adiabatic prediction. Usually, previous studies have been focused on the evolution of the solar-wind plasma by using the bulk speed as an order parameter to discriminate different regimes. In contrast, here, we study the radial evolution of pure and homogeneous fast streams (i.e. well-defined streams of coronal-hole plasma that maintain their identity during several solar rotatio ...
Perrone, Denise; Stansby, D; Horbury, T; Matteini, L;
Published by: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Published on: 03/2019
YEAR: 2018   DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty3348
parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Sun: corona; Sun: heliosphere
Diagnosing solar wind origins using in situ measurements in the inner heliosphere
Robustly identifying the solar sources of individual packets of solar wind measured in interplanetary space remains an open problem. We set out to see if this problem is easier to tackle using solar wind measurements closer to the Sun than 1 au, where the mixing and dynamical interaction of different solar wind streams is reduced. Using measurements from the Helios mission, we examined how the proton core temperature anisotropy and cross-helicity varied with distance. At 0.3 au there are two clearly separated anisotropic ...
Stansby, D; Horbury, T; Matteini, L;
Published by: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Published on: 01/2019
YEAR: 2018   DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty2814
Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Sun:; Sun: heliosphere