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The first self-consistent simulations of electron acceleration during magnetic reconnection in a macroscale system are presented. Consistent with solar flare observations, the spectra of energetic electrons take the form of power laws that extend more than two decades in energy. The drive mechanism for these nonthermal electrons is Fermi reflection in growing and merging magnetic flux ropes. A strong guide field suppresses the production of nonthermal electrons by weakening the Fermi drive mechanism. For a weak guide field t ...
Published by: Physical Review Letters Published on: 04/2021
YEAR: 2021   DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.135101
Space missions often carry antenna instruments that are sensitive to dust impacts, however, the understanding of signal generation mechanisms remained incomplete. A signal generation model in an analytical form is presented that provides a good agreement with laboratory measurements. The model is based on the direct and induced charging of the spacecraft from the collected and escaping fraction of free charges from the impact generated plasma cloud. A set of laboratory experiments is performed using a 20:1 scaled down model ...
Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics) Published on: 04/2021
YEAR: 2021   DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028965
The NASA Parker Solar Probe and the ESA Solar Orbiter will explore the source region of the solar wind within 20 solar radii. Their unprecedented in-situ measurements are also expected to shed light on the nature of the F-corona and the existence of a halo of nanodust. Such a dust complex might play an important role in the generation of high-speed nanodust grains and the inner-source pickup ions. A brief summary of previous works on this topic is given here to be followed by a sketch on a plan to integrate MHD simulation of ...
Published by: Published on:
YEAR: 2019   DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1332/1/012007