PSP Bibliography


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Found 28 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 1 through 28


Flux rope and dynamics of the heliospheric current sheet. Study of the Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter conjunction of June 2020

Context. Solar Orbiter and Parker Solar Probe jointly observed the solar wind for the first time in June 2020, capturing data from very different solar wind streams: calm, Alfv\ enic wind and also highly dynamic large-scale structures. Context. Our aim is to understand the origin and characteristics of the highly dynamic solar wind observed by the two probes, particularly in the vicinity of the heliospheric current sheet (HCS). \ Methods: We analyzed the plasma data obtained by Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter in situ du ...

Réville, V.; Fargette, N.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Lavraud, B.; Velli, M.; Strugarek, A.; Parenti, S.; Brun, A.~S.; Shi, C.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Poirier, N.; Pinto, R.~F.; Louarn, P.; Fedorov, A.; Owen, C.~J.; enot, V.; Horbury, T.~S.; Laker, R.; Brien, H.; Angelini, V.; Fauchon-Jones, E.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202142381

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); magnetic reconnection; methods: numerical; methods: data analysis; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Constraining Global Coronal Models with Multiple Independent Observables

Global coronal models seek to produce an accurate physical representation of the Sun s atmosphere that can be used, for example, to drive space-weather models. Assessing their accuracy is a complex task, and there are multiple observational pathways to provide constraints and tune model parameters. Here, we combine several such independent constraints, defining a model- agnostic framework for standardized comparison. We require models to predict the distribution of coronal holes at the photosphere, and neutral line topology ...

Badman, Samuel; Brooks, David; Poirier, Nicolas; Warren, Harry; Petrie, Gordon; Rouillard, Alexis; Arge, Nick; Bale, Stuart; Agüero, Diego; Harra, Louise; Jones, Shaela; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Riley, Pete; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Wallace, Samantha;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6610

Parker Data Used; Solar Physics; Solar corona; Solar coronal holes; Astronomical models; 1476; 1483; 1484; 86; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

The preferential orientation of magnetic switchbacks and its implications for solar magnetic flux transport

Context. Magnetic switchbacks in the solar wind are large deflections of the magnetic field vector, which often reverse their radial component, and are associated with a velocity spike consistent with their Alfv\ enic nature. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission revealed them to be a dominant feature of the near-Sun solar wind. Where and how they are formed remains unclear and subject to discussion. \ Aims: We investigate the orientation of the magnetic field deflections in switchbacks to determine if they are characterized ...

Fargette, Na; Lavraud, Benoit; Rouillard, Alexis; eville, Victor; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202243537

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: corona; Sun: photosphere; methods: data analysis; methods: statistical; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

The first widespread solar energetic particle event of solar cycle 25 on 2020 November 29. Shock wave properties and the wide distribution of solar energetic particles

Context. On 2020 November 29, an eruptive event occurred in an active region located behind the eastern solar limb as seen from Earth. The event consisted of an M4.4 class flare, a coronal mass ejection, an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) wave, and a white-light (WL) shock wave. The eruption gave rise to the first widespread solar energetic particle (SEP) event of solar cycle 25, which was observed at four widely separated heliospheric locations (\ensuremath\sim230\textdegree). \ Aims: Our aim is to better understand the source of ...

Kouloumvakos, A.; Kwon, R.~Y.; ia, Rodr\; Lario, D.; Dresing, N.; Kilpua, E.~K.~J.; Vainio, R.; Török, T.; Plotnikov, I.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Downs, C.; Linker, J.~A.; Malandraki, O.~E.; Pinto, R.~F.; Riley, P.; Allen, R.~C.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202142515

Parker Data Used; Sun: general; Sun: particle emission; Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs); shock waves


BepiColombo s cruise phase: unique opportunity for synergistic observations

The investigation of multi-spacecraft coordinated observations during the cruise phase of BepiColombo (ESA/JAXA) are reported, with a particular emphasis on the recently launched missions, Solar Orbiter (ESA/NASA) and Parker Solar Probe (NASA). Despite some payload constraints, many instruments onboard BepiColombo are operating during its cruise phase simultaneously covering a wide range of heliocentric distances [0.28 AU - 0.5 AU]. Hence, the various spacecraft configurations and the combined in-situ and remote sensing meas ...

Hadid, L.~Z.; enot, V.; Aizawa, S.; Milillo, A.; Zender, J.; Murakami, G.; Benkhoff, J.; Zouganelis, I.; Alberti, T.; e, Andr\; Bebesi, Z.; Califano, F.; Dimmock, A.~P.; Dosa, M.; Escoubet, C.~P.; Griton, L.; Ho, G.~C.; Horbury, T.~S.; Iwai, K.; Janvier, M.; Kilpua, E.; Lavraud, B.; Madar, A.; Miyoshi, Y.; Müller, D.; Pinto, R.~F.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Raines, J.~M.; Raouafi, N.; Sahraoui, F.; anchez-Cano, B.; Shiota, D.; Vainio, R.; Walsh, A.;

Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2021.718024

Solar wind; multi-spacecraft measurements; Inner heliosphere; Spacecraft mission; Coordinated measurements

Solar wind rotation rate and shear at coronal hole boundaries. Possible consequences for magnetic field inversions

Context. In situ measurements by several spacecraft have revealed that the solar wind is frequently perturbed by transient structures that have been interpreted as magnetic folds, jets, waves, and flux ropes that propagate rapidly away from the Sun over a large range of heliocentric distances. Parker Solar Probe (PSP), in particular, has detected very frequent rotations of the magnetic field vector at small heliocentric radial distances, accompanied by surprisingly large solar wind rotation rates. The physical origin of such ...

Pinto, R.~F.; Poirier, N.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Griton, L.; Fargette, N.; Kieokaew, R.; Lavraud, B.; Brun, A.~S.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202040180

Sun: corona; Sun: rotation; Solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Characteristic Scales of Magnetic Switchback Patches Near the Sun and Their Possible Association With Solar Supergranulation and Granulation

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data recorded within a heliocentric radial distance of 0.3 au have revealed a magnetic field dominated by Alfv\ enic structures that undergo large local variations or even reversals of the radial magnetic field. They are called magnetic switchbacks, they are consistent with folds in magnetic field lines within a same magnetic sector and are associated with velocity spikes during an otherwise calmer background. They are thought to originate either in the low solar atmosphere through magnetic reconnect ...

Fargette, Na; Lavraud, Benoit; Rouillard, Alexis; eville, Victor; de Wit, Thierry; Froment, Clara; Halekas, Jasper; Phan, Tai; Malaspina, David; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Louarn, Philippe; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Berthomier, Matthieu;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1112

Solar wind; Solar Physics; Wavelet analysis; Supergranulation; Solar granulation; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 1476; 1918; 1662; 1498; 1503; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Exploiting white-light observations to improve estimates of magnetic connectivity

The \emph\Solar Orbiter\ (\emph\SolO\) and \emph\Parker Solar Probe\ (\emph\PSP\) missions have opened up new challenges for the heliospheric scientific community. Their proximity to the Sun and their high quality measurements allow us to investigate, for the first time, potential sources for the solar wind plasma measured in situ. More accurate estimates of magnetic connectivities from spacecraft to the Sun are required to support science and operations for these missions. We present a methodology to systematically compare ...

Poirier, Nicolas; Rouillard, Alexis; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Przybylak, Alexis; Fargette, Na; Pobeda, Rapha; eville, Victor; Pinto, Rui; Indurain, Mikel; Alexandre, Matthieu;

Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: may

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2021.684734

White-Light Imagery; modeling; space weather; Sun: slow solar wind; Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: coronal streamers

Measurement of the open magnetic flux in the inner heliosphere down to 0.13 AU

Context. Robustly interpreting sets of in situ spacecraft data of the heliospheric magnetic field (HMF) for the purpose of probing the total unsigned magnetic flux in the heliosphere is critical for constraining global coronal models as well as understanding the large scale structure of the heliosphere itself. The heliospheric flux (\ensuremath\Phi$_H$) is expected to be a spatially conserved quantity with a possible secular dependence on the solar cycle and equal to the measured radial component of the HMF weighted by the s ...

Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart; Rouillard, Alexis; Bowen, Trevor; Bonnell, John; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039407

Parker Data Used; Sun: corona; Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind; methods: data analysis; methods: statistical; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

First Solar Orbiter observation of the Alfv\ enic slow wind and identification of its solar source

Context. Turbulence dominated by large-amplitude, nonlinear Alfv\ en-like fluctuations mainly propagating away from the Sun is ubiquitous in high-speed solar wind streams. Recent studies have demontrated that slow wind streams may also show strong Alfv\ enic signatures, especially in the inner heliosphere. \ Aims: The present study focuses on the characterisation of an Alfv\ enic slow solar wind interval observed by Solar Orbiter between 14 and 18 July 2020 at a heliocentric distance of 0.64 AU. \ Methods: Our analysis is ba ...

Amicis, R.; Bruno, R.; Panasenco, O.; Telloni, D.; Perrone, D.; Marcucci, M.~F.; Woodham, L.; Velli, M.; De Marco, R.; Jagarlamudi, V.; Coco, I.; Owen, C.; Louarn, P.; Livi, S.; Horbury, T.; e, Andr\; Angelini, V.; Evans, V.; Fedorov, A.; Genot, V.; Lavraud, B.; Matteini, L.; Müller, D.; Brien, H.; Pezzi, O.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Sorriso-Valvo, L.; Tenerani, A.; Verscharen, D.; Zouganelis, I.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140938

Parker Data Used; Interplanetary medium; Solar wind; methods: data analysis; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); turbulence; Sun: general

Switchback-like structures observed by Solar Orbiter

Context. Rapid polarity reversals of the radial heliospheric magnetic field were discovered by Ulysses and they are now frequently observed as a common near-Sun phenomenon by NASA s Parker Solar Probe (PSP). Other solar wind missions, including ESA-NASA Solar Orbiter (SolO), also observe similar phenomena. The nature of these fluctuations is unclear, and the relation between the switchbacks observed near the Sun and similar events observed at 1 AU is unknown. \ Aims: We make a detailed case study of the SolO plasma and m ...

Fedorov, A.; Louarn, P.; Owen, C.~J.; Horbury, T.~S.; Prech, L.; Durovcova, T.; Barthe, A.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Kasper, J.~C.; Bale, S.~D.; Bruno, R.; Brien, H.; Evans, V.; Angelini, V.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Lavraud, B.; Andre, N.; Genot, V.; Penou, E.; Mele, G.; Fortunato, V.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202141246

Parker Data Used; magnetic reconnection; Sun: heliosphere

The first widespread solar energetic particle event observed by Solar Orbiter on 2020 November 29

Context. On 2020 November 29, the first widespread solar energetic particle (SEP) event of solar cycle 25 was observed at four widely separated locations in the inner (\ensuremath\lesssim1 AU) heliosphere. Relativistic electrons as well as protons with energies > 50 MeV were observed by Solar Orbiter (SolO), Parker Solar Probe, the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO)-A and multiple near- Earth spacecraft. The SEP event was associated with an M4.4 class X-ray flare and accompanied by a coronal mass ejection and a ...

Kollhoff, A.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Lario, D.; Dresing, N.; omez-Herrero, R.; ia, Rodr\; Malandraki, O.~E.; Richardson, I.~G.; Posner, A.; Klein, K.; Pacheco, D.; Klassen, A.; Heber, B.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Laitinen, T.; Cernuda, I.; Dalla, S.; Lara, Espinosa; Vainio, R.; Köberle, M.; Kühl, R.; Xu, Z.~G.; Berger, L.; Eldrum, S.; Brüdern, M.; Laurenza, M.; Kilpua, E.~J.; Aran, A.; Rouillard, A.~P.; ik, Bu\vc\; Wijsen, N.; Pomoell, J.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.~F.; Martin, C.; Böttcher, S.~I.; von Forstner, J.~L.; Terasa, J.; Boden, S.; Kulkarni, S.~R.; Ravanbakhsh, A.; Yedla, M.; Janitzek, N.; iguez-Pacheco, Rodr\; Mateo, Prieto; Prieto, S.; Espada, Parra; Polo, Rodr\; in, Mart\; Carcaboso, F.; Mason, G.~M.; Ho, G.~C.; Allen, R.~C.; Andrews, Bruce; Schlemm, C.~E.; Seifert, H.; Tyagi, K.; Lees, W.~J.; Hayes, J.; Bale, S.~D.; Krupar, V.; Horbury, T.~S.; Angelini, V.; Evans, V.; Brien, H.; Maksimovic, M.; Khotyaintsev, Yu.; Vecchio, A.; Steinvall, K.; Asvestari, E.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140937

Parker Data Used; Sun: particle emission; Sun: heliosphere; Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs); Sun: flares; Interplanetary medium

Solar wind current sheets and deHoffmann-Teller analysis. First results from Solar Orbiter s DC electric field measurements

Context. Solar Orbiter was launched on 10 February 2020 with the purpose of investigating solar and heliospheric physics using a payload of instruments designed for both remote and in situ studies. Similar to the recently launched Parker Solar Probe, and unlike earlier missions, Solar Orbiter carries instruments designed to measure low-frequency DC electric fields. \ Aims: In this paper, we assess the quality of the low-frequency DC electric field measured by the Radio and Plasma Waves instrument (RPW) on Solar Orbiter. In p ...

Steinvall, K.; Khotyaintsev, Yu.; Cozzani, G.; Vaivads, A.; Yordanova, E.; Eriksson, A.~I.; Edberg, N.~J.~T.; Maksimovic, M.; Bale, S.~D.; Chust, T.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Kretzschmar, M.; Lorfèvre, E.; Plettemeier, D.; Sou\vcek, J.; Steller, M.; ak, \vS.; Vecchio, A.; Horbury, T.~S.; Brien, H.; Evans, V.; Fedorov, A.; Louarn, P.; enot, V.; e, Andr\; Lavraud, B.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Owen, C.~J.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140855

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; plasmas; magnetic reconnection; methods: data analysis; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Source-dependent Properties of Two Slow Solar Wind States

Two states of the slow solar wind are identified from in situ measurements by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) inside 50 solar radii from the Sun. At such distances the wind measured by PSP has not yet undergone significant transformation related to the expansion and propagation of the wind. We focus in this study on the properties of the quiet solar wind with no magnetic switchbacks. The two states differ by their plasma beta, flux, and magnetic pressure. PSP s magnetic connectivity established with potential field source surfa ...

Griton, Lea; Rouillard, Alexis; Poirier, Nicolas; Issautier, Karine; Moncuquet, Michel; Pinto, Rui;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abe309

Parker Data Used; Slow solar wind; Solar wind; Solar coronal holes; Solar coronal streamers; 1873; 1534; 1484; 1486; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics


Magnetic increases with central current sheets: Observations with Parker Solar Probe

\ Aims: We report the observation by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) of magnetic structures in the solar wind that present a strong peak in their magnetic field magnitude with an embedded central current sheet. Similar structures have been observed, either at the Earth s magnetopause and called interlinked flux tubes, or in the solar wind and called interplanetary field enhancements. \ Methods: In this work, we first investigate two striking events in detail; one occurred in the regular slow solar wind on November 2, 2018 and the o ...

Fargette, N.; Lavraud, B.; Rouillard, A.; Eastwood, J.; Bale, S.; Phan, T.; Oieroset, M.; Halekas, J.; Kasper, J.; Berthomier, M.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Louarn, P.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039191"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Solar Origin of Particle Events Measured by Parker Solar Probe

During the second solar encounter phase of Parker Solar Probe (PSP), two small solar energetic particle (SEP) events were observed by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun, on 2019 April 2 and 4. At the time, PSP was approaching its second perihelion at a distance of \~24.8 million kilometers from the solar center, it was in near-radial alignment with STEREO-A and in quadrature with Earth. During the two SEP events multiple narrow ejections and a streamer-blowout coronal mass ejection (SBO-CME) originated from a ...

Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Vourlidas, Angelos; Rouillard, Alexis; Roelof, Edmond; Leske, Rick; Pinto, Rui; Poirier, Nicolas;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aba5a1

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar coronal mass ejection shocks; Solar coronal mass ejections; Solar energetic particles; Solar particle emission; Solar Probe Plus

The Heliospheric Current Sheet and Plasma Sheet during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights First Orbit

We present heliospheric current sheet (HCS) and plasma sheet (HPS) observations during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first orbit around the Sun. We focus on the eight intervals that display a true sector boundary (TSB; based on suprathermal electron pitch angle distributions) with one or several associated current sheets. The analysis shows that (1) the main density enhancements in the vicinity of the TSB and HCS are typically associated with electron strahl dropouts, implying magnetic disconnection from the Su ...

Lavraud, B.; Fargette, N.; Réville, V.; Szabo, A.; Huang, J.; Rouillard, A.; Viall, N.; Phan, T.; Kasper, J.; Bale, S.; Berthomier, M.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Eastwood, J.; enot, V.; Goetz, K.; Griton, L.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.; Kieokaew, R.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Larson, D.; Lavarra, M.; Livi, R.; Louarn, P.; MacDowall, R.; Maksimovic, M.; Malaspina, D.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Pinto, R.; Poirier, N.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Toledo-Redondo, S.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8d2d

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Tearing Instability and Periodic Density Perturbations in the Slow Solar Wind

In contrast with the fast solar wind, which originates in coronal holes, the source of the slow solar wind is still debated. Often intermittent and enriched with low first ionization potential elements\textemdashakin to what is observed in closed coronal loops\textemdashthe slow wind could form in bursty events nearby helmet streamers. Slow winds also exhibit density perturbations that have been shown to be periodic and could be associated with flux ropes ejected from the tip of helmet streamers, as shown recently by the ...

Réville, Victor; Velli, Marco; Rouillard, Alexis; Lavraud, Benoit; Tenerani, Anna; Shi, Chen; Strugarek, Antoine;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab911d

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Magnetohydrodynamics; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Plasma astrophysics; Slow solar wind; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind

Detailed Imaging of Coronal Rays with the Parker Solar Probe

The Wide-field Imager for Solar PRobe (WISPR) obtained the first high-resolution images of coronal rays at heights below 15 R when the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was located inside 0.25 au during the first encounter. We exploit these remarkable images to reveal the structure of coronal rays at scales that are not easily discernible in images taken from near 1 au. To analyze and interpret WISPR observations, which evolve rapidly both radially and longitudinally, we construct a latitude versus time map using the ...

Poirier, Nicolas; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Rouillard, Alexis; Pinto, Rui; Vourlidas, Angelos; Stenborg, Guillermo; Valette, Emeline; Howard, Russell; Hess, Phillip; Thernisien, Arnaud; Rich, Nathan; Griton, Lea; Indurain, Mikel; Raouafi, Nour-Edine; Lavarra, Michael; Réville, Victor;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6324

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

CME-associated Energetic Ions at 0.23 au: Consideration of the Auroral Pressure Cooker Mechanism Operating in the Low Corona as a Possible Energization Process

Mitchell, D.~G.; Giacalone, J.; Allen, R.~C.; Hill, M.~E.; McNutt, R.~L.; McComas, D.~J.; Szalay, J.~R.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Bale, S.~B.; Chaston, C.~C.; Pulupa, M.~P.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Kasper, J.~C.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Christian, E.~R.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Matthaeus, W.~H.;

Published by: \apjs      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab63cc

Parker Data Used; 1491; 310; 1496; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Relating Streamer Flows to Density and Magnetic Structures at the Parker Solar Probe

The physical mechanisms that produce the slow solar wind are still highly debated. Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP\textquoterights) second solar encounter provided a new opportunity to relate in situ measurements of the nascent slow solar wind with white-light images of streamer flows. We exploit data taken by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO), and the Wide Imager on Solar Probe to reveal for the first time a close link between imaged streamer flows and th ...

Rouillard, Alexis; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Vourlidas, Angelos; Kasper, Justin; Bale, Stuart; Raouafi, Nour-Edine; Lavraud, Benoit; Howard, Russell; Stenborg, Guillermo; Stevens, Michael; Poirier, Nicolas; Davies, Jackie; Hess, Phillip; Higginson, Aleida; Lavarra, Michael; Viall, Nicholeen; Korreck, Kelly; Pinto, Rui; Griton, Lea; eville, Victor; Louarn, Philippe; Wu, Yihong; Dalmasse, K\; enot, Vincent; Case, Anthony; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; Halekas, Jasper; Livi, Roberto; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Bonnell, J.; de Witt, Dudok; Penou, Emmanuel;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab579a

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Solar Energetic Particles Produced by a Slow Coronal Mass Ejection at \~0.25 au

We present an analysis of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) IS☉IS observations of ̃30-300 keV n-1 ions on 2018 November 11 when PSP was about 0.25 au from the Sun. Five hours before the onset of a solar energetic particle (SEP) event, a coronal mass ejection (CME) was observed by STEREO-A/COR2, which crossed PSP about a day later. No shock was observed locally at PSP, but the CME may have driven a weak shock earlier. The SEP event was dispersive, with higher energy ions arriving before the lower energy ones. Timing s ...

Giacalone, J.; Mitchell, D.; Allen, R.; Hill, M.; McNutt, R.; Szalay, J.; Desai, M.; Rouillard, A.; Kouloumvakos, A.; McComas, D.; Christian, E.; Schwadron, N.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Bale, S.; Brown, L.; Case, A.; Chen, X.; Cohen, C.; Joyce, C.; Kasper, J.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Leske, R.; MacDowall, R.; Matthaeus, W.; Mewaldt, R.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Pulupa, M.; Roelof, E.; Stevens, M.; Szabo, A.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5221

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Source and Propagation of a Streamer Blowout Coronal Mass Ejection Observed by the Parker Solar Probe

In the first orbit of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP), in situ thermal plasma and magnetic field measurements were collected as close as 35 RSun from the Sun, an environment that had not been previously explored. During the first orbit of PSP, the spacecraft flew through a streamer blowout coronal mass ejection (SBO-CME) on 2018 November 11 at 23:50 UT as it exited the science encounter. The SBO-CME on November 11 was directed away from the Earth and was not visible by L1 or Earth-based telescopes due to this geom ...

Korreck, Kelly; Szabo, Adam; Chinchilla, Teresa; Lavraud, Benoit; Luhmann, Janet; Niembro, Tatiana; Higginson, Aleida; Alzate, Nathalia; Wallace, Samantha; Paulson, Kristoff; Rouillard, Alexis; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Poirier, Nicolas; Kasper, Justin; Case, A.; Stevens, Michael; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Goetz, Keith; Larson, Davin; Malaspina, David; Morgan, Huw; Narock, Ayris; Schwadron, Nathan; Bonnell, John; Harvey, Peter; Wygant, John;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6ff9

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

WISPR Imaging of a Pristine CME

The Wide-field Imager for Solar Probe (WISPR) on board the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed a coronal mass ejection (CME) on 2018 November 1, the first day of the initial PSP encounter. The speed of the CME, approximately 200-300 km s-1 in the WISPR field of view, is typical of slow, streamer blowout CMEs. This event was also observed by the Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph Experiment (LASCO) coronagraphs. WISPR and LASCO view remarkably similar structures that enable useful cross-comparison between t ...

Hess, Phillip; Rouillard, Alexis; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Liewer, Paulett; Zhang, Jie; Dhakal, Suman; Stenborg, Guillermo; Colaninno, Robin; Howard, Russell;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4ff0

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Modeling the Early Evolution of a Slow Coronal Mass Ejection Imaged by the Parker Solar Probe

During its first solar encounter, the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) acquired unprecedented up-close imaging of a small coronal mass ejection (CME) propagating in the forming slow solar wind. The CME originated as a cavity imaged in extreme ultraviolet that moved very slowly (<50 km s(-1)) to 3-5 solar radii (R), where it then accelerated to supersonic speeds. We present a new model of an erupting flux rope (FR) that computes the forces acting on its expansion with a computation of its internal magnetic field in three dimensions. ...

Rouillard, Alexis; Poirier, Nicolas; Lavarra, Michael; Bourdelle, Anthony; Dalmasse, Kevin; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Vourlidas, Angelos; Kunkel, Valbona; Hess, Phillip; Howard, Russ; Stenborg, Guillermo; Raouafi, Nour;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES      Published on: 02/2019

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6610

Parker Data Used


Near-Sun observations of an F-corona decrease and K-corona fine structure

Remote observations of the solar photospheric light scattered by electrons (the K-corona) and dust (the F-corona or zodiacal light) have been made from the ground during eclipses and from space at distances as small as 0.3 astronomical units to the Sun. Previous observations of dust scattering have not confirmed the existence of the theoretically predicted dust-free zone near the Sun. The transient nature of the corona has been well characterized for large events, but questions still remain (for example, about the initiat ...

Howard, R.; Vourlidas, A.; Bothmer, V.; Colaninno, R.; Deforest, C.; Gallagher, B.; Hall, J.; Hess, P.; Higginson, A.; Korendyke, C.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Lamy, P.; Liewer, P.; Linker, J.; Linton, M.; Penteado, P.; Plunkett, S.; Poirier, N.; Raouafi, N.; Rich, N.; Rochus, P.; Rouillard, A.; Socker, D.; Stenborg, G.; Thernisien, A.; Viall, N.;

Published by: Nature      Published on: 12/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1807-x

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Probing the energetic particle environment near the Sun

NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe mission recently plunged through the inner heliosphere of the Sun to its perihelia, about 24 million kilometres from the Sun. Previous studies farther from the Sun (performed mostly at a distance of 1 astronomical unit) indicate that solar energetic particles are accelerated from a few kiloelectronvolts up to near-relativistic energies via at least two processes: "impulsive" events, which are usually associated with magnetic reconnection in solar flares and are typically enriched in ...

McComas, D.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Joyce, C.; Krimigis, S.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; Malandraki, O.; Matthaeus, W.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Posner, A.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Schwadron, N.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; Rouillard, A.;

Published by: Nature      Published on: 12/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1811-1

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus


Statistical study of magnetic cloud erosion by magnetic reconnection

recent studies suggest that magnetic reconnection is able to erode substantial amounts of the outer magnetic flux of interplanetary magnetic clouds (MCs) as they propagate in the heliosphere. We quantify and provide a broader context to this process, starting from 263 tabulated interplanetary coronal mass ejections, including MCs, observed over a time period covering 17 years and at a distance of 1 AU from the Sun with Wind (1995-2008) and the two STEREO (2009-2012) spacecraft. Based on several quality factors, including ...

Ruffenach, A.; Lavraud, B.; Farrugia, C.; emoulin, P.; Dasso, S.; Owens, M.; Sauvaud, J.-A.; Rouillard, A.; Lynnyk, A.; Foullon, C.; Savani, N.; Luhmann, J.; Galvin, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020628

coronal mass ejection; magnetic cloud; magnetic flux rope; magnetic reconnection; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind