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Context. Switchbacks are discrete angular deflections in the solar wind magnetic field that have been observed throughout the heliosphere. Recent observations by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) have revealed the presence of patches of switchbacks on the scale of hours to days, separated by quieter radial fields. \ Aims: We aim to further diagnose the origin of these patches using measurements of proton temperature anisotropy that can illuminate possible links to formation processes in the solar corona. \ Methods: We fitted 3D bi- ...
Woodham, L.; Horbury, T.; Matteini, L.; Woolley, T.; Laker, R.; Bale, S.; Nicolaou, G.; Stawarz, J.; Stansby, D.; Hietala, H.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Verniero, J.; McManus, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Raouafi, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Pulupa, M.;
Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics Published on: jun
YEAR: 2020   DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039415"
A polytropic process describes the transition of a fluid from one state to another through a specific relationship between the fluid density and temperature. The value of the polytropic index that governs this relationship determines the heat transfer and the effective degrees of freedom during a specific process. In this study, we analyze\ solar\ wind proton plasma measurements, obtained by the Faraday cup instrument on board the\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe. We examine the large-scale variations of the ...
Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Published on: 09/2020
YEAR: 2020   DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abaaae
Kinetic Alfv\ en waves (KAWs) are the short-wavelength extension of the magnetohydrodynamics Alfv\ en-wave branch in the case of highly oblique propagation with respect to the background magnetic field. Observations of space plasma show that small-scale turbulence is mainly KAW-like. We apply two theoretical approaches, a collisional two-fluid theory and a collisionless linear kinetic theory, to obtain predictions for the KAW polarizations depending on\ β\ p\ (the ratio of the proton th ...
Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Published on: 01/2019
YEAR: 2019   DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aaef77