PSP Bibliography





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Found 141 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2022

Intermittency in the Expanding Solar Wind: Observations from Parker Solar Probe (0.16 au), Helios 1 (0.3-1 au), and Voyager 1 (1-10 au)

We examine statistics of magnetic-field vector components to explore how intermittency evolves from near-Sun plasma to radial distances as large as 10 au. Statistics entering the analysis include autocorrelation, magnetic structure functions of the order of n (SF$_ n $), and scale-dependent kurtosis (SDK), each grouped in ranges of heliocentric distance. The Goddard Space Flight Center Space Physics Data Facility provides magnetic-field measurements for resolutions of 6.8 ms for Parker Solar Probe, 6 s for Helios, and 1.92 s ...

Cuesta, Manuel; Parashar, Tulasi; Chhiber, Rohit; Matthaeus, William;

Published by: \apjs      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ac45fa

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary magnetic fields; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Interplanetary physics; 1534; 824; 1544; 830; 827; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Relativistic Particle Transport and Acceleration in Structured Plasma Turbulence

We discuss the phenomenon of energization of relativistic charged particles in three-dimensional incompressible MHD turbulence and the diffusive properties of the motion of the same particles. We show that the random electric field induced by turbulent plasma motion leads test particles moving in a simulated box to be accelerated in a stochastic way, a second-order Fermi process. A small fraction of these particles happen to be trapped in large- scale structures, most likely formed due to the interaction of islands in the tu ...

Pezzi, Oreste; Blasi, Pasquale; Matthaeus, William;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac5332

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; cosmic rays; Particle astrophysics; 1964; 329; 96; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Physics - Plasma Physics

Statistical Analysis of Intermittency and its Association with Proton Heating in the Near-Sun Environment

We use data from the first six encounters of the Parker Solar Probe and employ the partial variance of increments (PVI) method to study the statistical properties of coherent structures in the inner heliosphere with the aim of exploring physical connections between magnetic field intermittency and observable consequences such as plasma heating and turbulence dissipation. Our results support proton heating localized in the vicinity of, and strongly correlated with, magnetic structures characterized by PVI \ensuremath\geq 1. W ...

Sioulas, Nikos; Velli, Marco; Chhiber, Rohit; Vlahos, Loukas; Matthaeus, William; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Cuesta, Manuel; Shi, Chen; Bowen, Trevor; Qudsi, Ramiz; Stevens, Michael; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4fc1

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics; 1534; 1544; 1261; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Suprathermal Ion Energy Spectra and Anisotropies near the Heliospheric Current Sheet Crossing Observed by the Parker Solar Probe during Encounter 7

We present observations of \ensuremath\gtrsim10-100 keV nucleon$^-1$ suprathermal (ST) H, He, O, and Fe ions associated with crossings of the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) at radial distances of <0.1 au from the Sun. Our key findings are as follows: (1) very few heavy ions are detected during the first full crossing, the heavy-ion intensities are reduced during the second partial crossing and peak just after the second crossing; (2) ion arrival times exhibit no velocity dispersion; (3) He pitch-angle distributions track t ...

Desai, M.~I.; Mitchell, D.~G.; McComas, D.~J.; Drake, J.~F.; Phan, T.; Szalay, J.~R.; Roelof, E.~C.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.~E.; Christian, E.~R.; Schwadron, N.~A.; McNutt, R.~L.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Joyce, C.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Davis, A.~J.; Krimigis, S.~M.; Leske, R.~A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Malandraki, O.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Labrador, A.; Stone, E.~C.; Bale, S.~D.; Verniero, J.; Rahmati, A.; Whittlesey, P.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Niehof, J.~T.; Kasper, J.~C.; Horbury, T.~S.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4961

Parker Data Used; The Sun; Solar magnetic reconnection; Interplanetary particle acceleration; interplanetary magnetic fields; Heliosphere; 1693; 1504; 826; 824; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

An Extended and Fragmented Alfv\ en Zone in the Young Solar Wind

Motivated by theoretical, numerical, and observational evidence, we explore the possibility that the critical transition between sub-Alfv\ enic flow and super-Alfv\ enic flow in the solar atmosphere takes place in fragmented and disconnected subvolumes within a general Alfv\ en critical zone. The initial observations of sub-Alfv\ enic periods by Parker Solar Probe near 16 R$_\ensuremath\odot$ do not yet provide sufficient evidence to distinguish this possibility from that of a folded surface that separates simply-connected r ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Matthaeus, William; Usmanov, Arcadi; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Goldstein, Melvyn;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stac779

Parker Data Used; Sun: corona; Solar wind; turbulence

HiRISE - High-Resolution Imaging and Spectroscopy Explorer - Ultrahigh resolution, interferometric and external occulting coronagraphic science

Recent solar physics missions have shown the definite role of waves and magnetic fields deep in the inner corona, at the chromosphere- corona interface, where dramatic and physically dominant changes occur. HiRISE (High Resolution Imaging and Spectroscopy Explorer), the ambitious new generation ultra-high resolution, interferometric, and coronagraphic, solar physics mission, proposed in response to the ESA Voyage 2050 Call, would address these issues and provide the best-ever and most complete solar observatory, capable of u ...

elyi, Robertus; e, Luc; Fludra, Andrzej; Mathioudakis, Mihalis; Amari, T.; Belucz, B.; Berrilli, F.; Bogachev, S.; ee, Bols\; Bothmer, V.; Brun, S.; Dewitte, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Faurobert, M.; Gizon, L.; Gyenge, N.; os, M.~B.; Labrosse, N.; Matthews, S.; Meftah, M.; Morgan, H.; e, Pall\; Rochus, P.; Rozanov, E.; Schmieder, B.; Tsinganos, K.; Verwichte, E.; Zharkov, S.; Zuccarello, F.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.;

Published by: Experimental Astronomy      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1007/s10686-022-09831-2

Solar physics mission; Ultra-high resolution; Interferometry; Coronagraph; Solar atmosphere; photosphere; chromosphere; Corona

Sub-Alfv\ enic Solar Wind Observed by the Parker Solar Probe: Characterization of Turbulence, Anisotropy, Intermittency, and Switchback

In the lower solar coronal regions where the magnetic field is dominant, the Alfv\ en speed is much higher than the wind speed. In contrast, the near-Earth solar wind is strongly super- Alfv\ enic, i.e., the wind speed greatly exceeds the Alfv\ en speed. The transition between these regimes is classically described as the Alfv\ en point but may in fact occur in a distributed Alfv\ en critical region. NASA s Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission has entered this region, as it follows a series of orbits that gradually approach ...

Bandyopadhyay, R.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; Chhiber, R.; Usmanov, A.~V.; Huang, J.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.~E.; Kasper, J.~C.; Case, A.~W.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Romeo, O.~M.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.~R.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4a5c

Parker Data Used; 1544; 1534; 824; 23; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

PSP/IS\ensuremath\odotIS Observation of a Solar Energetic Particle Event Associated with a Streamer Blowout Coronal Mass Ejection during Encounter 6

In this paper we examine a low-energy solar energetic particle (SEP) event observed by IS\ensuremath\odotIS s Energetic Particle Instrument-Low (EPI-Lo) inside 0.18 au on 2020 September 30. This small SEP event has a very interesting time profile and ion composition. Our results show that the maximum energy and peak in intensity are observed mainly along the open radial magnetic field. The event shows velocity dispersion, and strong particle anisotropies are observed throughout the event, showing that more particles are stre ...

Getachew, T.; McComas, D.~J.; Joyce, C.~J.; Palmerio, E.; Christian, E.~R.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Desai, M.~I.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.~E.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Rankin, J.~S.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Szalay, J.~R.; Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.; Lynch, B.~J.; Phan, T.~D.; Bale, S.~D.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac408f

Parker Data Used; 1491; 310; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Magnetic Switchback Occurrence Rates in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe and 1 au

The subject of switchbacks, defined either as large angular deflections or polarity reversals of the magnetic field, has generated substantial interest in the space physics community since the launch of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) in 2018. Previous studies have characterized switchbacks in several different ways and have been restricted to data available from the first few orbits. Here, we analyze the frequency of occurrence of switchbacks per unit distance for the first full eight orbits of PSP. In this work, events that r ...

Pecora, Francesco; Matthaeus, William; Primavera, Leonardo; Greco, Antonella; Chhiber, Rohit; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Servidio, Sergio;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac62d4

Parker Data Used; interplanetary magnetic fields; Interplanetary medium; interplanetary turbulence; 824; 825; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

2021

Parker solar probe observations of helical structures as boundaries for energetic particles

Energetic particle transport in the interplanetary medium is known to be affected by magnetic structures. It has been demonstrated for solar energetic particles in near-Earth orbit studies, and also for the more energetic cosmic rays. In this paper, we show observational evidence that intensity variations of solar energetic particles can be correlated with the occurrence of helical magnetic flux tubes and their boundaries. The analysis is carried out using data from Parker Solar Probe orbit 5, in the period 2020 May 24 to Ju ...

Pecora, F.; Servidio, S.; Greco, A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; Giacalone, J.; Joyce, C.~J.; Getachew, T.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Leske, R.~A.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; McNutt, R.~L.; Hill, M.~E.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Christian, E.~R.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Bale, S.~D.;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stab2659

magnetic fields; plasmas; Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: solar wind; Sun: particle emission; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

A statistical evaluation of ballistic backmapping for the slow solar wind: The interplay of solar wind acceleration and corotation

Mapping solar wind plasma back to its source is often achieved using the two-step ballistic backmapping method. Solar wind observations are mapped through the heliosphere to the edge of a PFSS model, by assuming a constant speed, radial, plasma flow. Tracing field lines through the model gives the source location at 1 R$_\ensuremath\odot$ The heliospheric mapping component hinges upon the argument that two known sources of error, stemming from solar wind acceleration and non-radial flow, effectively cancel. This assumption ...

Macneil, Allan; Owens, Mathew; Finley, Adam; Matt, Sean;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stab2965

Parker Data Used; Sun: solar wind; Sun: heliosphere

Evolution of Switchbacks in the Inner Heliosphere

We analyze magnetic field data from the first six encounters of Parker Solar Probe, three Helios fast streams and two Ulysses south polar passes covering heliocentric distances 0.1 \ensuremath\lesssim R \ensuremath\lesssim 3 au. We use this data set to statistically determine the evolution of switchbacks of different periods and amplitudes with distance from the Sun. We compare the radial evolution of magnetic field variances with that of the mean square amplitudes of switchbacks, and quantify the radial evolution of the cum ...

Tenerani, Anna; Sioulas, Nikos; Matteini, Lorenzo; Panasenco, Olga; Shi, Chen; Velli, Marco;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac2606

Parker Data Used; Heliosphere; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Alfven waves; Space plasmas; 711; 1534; 830; 23; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Energetic Particles Associated with a Coronal Mass Ejection Shock Interacting with a Convected Magnetic Structure

On 2020 November 30, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was crossed by a coronal mass ejection (CME)-driven shock, which we suggest was also crossing a convected, isolated magnetic structure (MS) at about the same time. By analyzing PSP/FIELDS magnetic field measurements, we find that the leading edge of the MS coincided with the crossing of the shock, while its trailing edge, identified as a crossing of a current sheet, overtook PSP about 7 minutes later. Prior to the arrival of the shock, the flux of 30 keV-3 MeV ions and electrons, ...

Giacalone, J.; Burgess, D.; Bale, S.~D.; Desai, M.~I.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Lario, D.; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Christian, E.~R.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Hill, M.~E.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Getachew, Tibebu; Joyce, C.~J.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1ce1

Parker Data Used; Solar energetic particles; Interplanetary discontinuities; Interplanetary shocks; 1491; 820; 829

Energetic particle evolution during coronal mass ejection passage from 0.3 to 1 AU

We provide analysis of a coronal mass ejection (CME) that passed over Parker Solar Probe (PSP) on January 20, 2020 when the spacecraft was at just 0.32 AU. The Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite measures energetic particle populations associated with the CME before, during, and after its passage over the spacecraft. We observe a complex evolution of energetic particles, including a brief \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde2 h period where the energetic particle fluxes are enhanced and the nominal orienta ...

Joyce, C.~J.; McComas, D.~J.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Vourlidas, A.; Christian, E.~R.; McNutt, R.~L.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Leske, R.~A.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Stone, E.~C.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Hill, M.~E.; Roelof, E.~C.; Allen, R.~C.; Szalay, J.~R.; Rankin, J.~S.; Desai, M.~I.; Giacalone, J.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Niehof, J.~T.; de Wet, W.; Winslow, R.~M.; Bale, S.~D.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039933

Parker Data Used; acceleration of particles; Solar wind; magnetic fields

A Solar Source of Alfv\ enic Magnetic Field Switchbacks: In Situ Remnants of Magnetic Funnels on Supergranulation Scales

One of the striking observations from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft is the prevalence in the inner heliosphere of large amplitude, Alfv\ enic magnetic field reversals termed switchbacks. These $\delta B_R/B\sim \mathcal O (1$ ) fluctuations occur over a range of timescales and in patches separated by intervals of quiet, radial magnetic field. We use measurements from PSP to demonstrate that patches of switchbacks are localized within the extensions of plasma structures originating at the base of the corona. These ...

Bale, S.~D.; Horbury, T.~S.; Velli, M.; Desai, M.~I.; Halekas, J.~S.; McManus, M.~D.; Panasenco, O.; Badman, S.~T.; Bowen, T.~A.; Chandran, B.~D.~G.; Drake, J.~F.; Kasper, J.~C.; Laker, R.; Mallet, A.; Matteini, L.; Phan, T.~D.; Raouafi, N.~E.; Squire, J.; Woodham, L.~D.; Woolley, T.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac2d8c

Parker Data Used; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Domains of Magnetic Pressure Balance in Parker Solar Probe Observations of the Solar Wind

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft is performing the first in situ exploration of the solar wind within 0.2 au of the Sun. Initial observations confirmed the Alfv\ enic nature of aligned fluctuations of the magnetic field B and velocity V in solar wind plasma close to the Sun, in domains of nearly constant magnetic field magnitude \ensuremath\mid B \ensuremath\mid, i.e., approximate magnetic pressure balance. Such domains are interrupted by particularly strong fluctuations, including but not limited to radial field (pol ...

Ruffolo, David; Ngampoopun, Nawin; Bhora, Yash; Thepthong, Panisara; Pongkitiwanichakul, Peera; Matthaeus, William; Chhiber, Rohit;

Published by: \apj      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac2ee3

Parker Data Used; 1534; 830; 1544; 824; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Large-scale Structure and Turbulence Transport in the Inner Solar Wind: Comparison of Parker Solar Probe s First Five Orbits with a Global 3D Reynolds-averaged MHD Model

Simulation results from a global magnetohydrodynamic model of the solar corona and solar wind are compared with Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations during its first five orbits. The fully three- dimensional model is based on Reynolds-averaged mean-flow equations coupled with turbulence-transport equations. The model includes the effects of electron heat conduction, Coulomb collisions, turbulent Reynolds stresses, and heating of protons and electrons via a turbulent cascade. Turbulence-transport equations for average turbul ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Usmanov, Arcadi; Matthaeus, William; Goldstein, Melvyn;

Published by: \apj      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1ac7

Parker Data Used; 830; 1534; 824; 1483; 1477; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Solar energetic particle heavy ion properties in the widespread event of 2020 November 29

Context. Following a multi-year minimum of solar activity, a solar energetic particle event on 2020 Nov. 29 was observed by multiple spacecraft covering a wide range of solar longitudes including ACE, the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory-A, and the recently launched Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter. \ Aims: Multi-point observations of a solar particle event, combined with remote-sensing imaging of flaring, shocks, and coronal mass ejections allows for a global picture of the event to be synthesized, and made avail ...

Mason, G.~M.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Ho, G.~C.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Allen, R.~C.; Hill, M.~E.; Andrews, G.~B.; Berger, L.; Boden, S.; Böttcher, S.; Cernuda, I.; Christian, E.~R.; Cummings, A.~C.; Davis, A.~J.; Desai, M.~I.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Eldrum, S.; Elftmann, R.; Kollhoff, A.; Giacalone, J.; omez-Herrero, R.; Hayes, J.; Janitzek, N.~P.; Joyce, C.~J.; Korth, A.; Kühl, P.; Kulkarni, S.~R.; Labrador, A.~W.; Lara, Espinosa; Lees, W.~J.; Leske, R.~A.; Mall, U.; Martin, C.; in, Mart\; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Pacheco, D.; Espada, Parra; Prieto, M.; Rankin, J.~S.; Ravanbakhsh, A.; iguez-Pacheco, Rodr\; Polo, Rodr\; Roelof, E.~C.; anchez-Prieto, S.; Schlemm, C.~E.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Seifert, H.; Stone, E.~C.; Szalay, J.~R.; Terasa, J.~C.; Tyagi, K.; von Forstner, J.~L.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.~F.; Xu, Z.~G.; Yedla, M.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202141310

Parker Data Used; acceleration of particles; Sun: abundances; Sun: flares; Sun: particle emission

PSP/IS\ensuremath\odotIS observations of the 29 November 2020 solar energetic particle event

\ Aims: On 29 November 2020, at 12:34 UT, active region 12790 erupted with an M4.4 class flare and a 1700 km s$^\ensuremath-1$ coronal mass ejection. Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was completing its seventh orbit around the Sun and was located at 0.8 au when the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS\ensuremath\odotIS) measured the ensuing mid- sized solar energetic particle (SEP) event. Not only was this the first SEP event with heavy ions above 10 MeV nuc$^\ensuremath-1$ to be measured by IS\ensuremath\odotIS, it was a ...

Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Christian, E.~R.; Cummings, A.~C.; Davis, A.~J.; Desai, M.~I.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.~E.; Joyce, C.~J.; Labrador, A.~W.; Leske, R.~A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Mitchell, J.~G.; Rankin, J.~S.; Roelof, E.~C.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Stone, E.~C.; Szalay, J.~R.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Vourlidas, A.; Bale, S.~D.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140967

Parker Data Used; Sun: particle emission; Sun: activity; solar-terrestrial relations

First Solar Orbiter observation of the Alfv\ enic slow wind and identification of its solar source

Context. Turbulence dominated by large-amplitude, nonlinear Alfv\ en-like fluctuations mainly propagating away from the Sun is ubiquitous in high-speed solar wind streams. Recent studies have demontrated that slow wind streams may also show strong Alfv\ enic signatures, especially in the inner heliosphere. \ Aims: The present study focuses on the characterisation of an Alfv\ enic slow solar wind interval observed by Solar Orbiter between 14 and 18 July 2020 at a heliocentric distance of 0.64 AU. \ Methods: Our analysis is ba ...

Amicis, R.; Bruno, R.; Panasenco, O.; Telloni, D.; Perrone, D.; Marcucci, M.~F.; Woodham, L.; Velli, M.; De Marco, R.; Jagarlamudi, V.; Coco, I.; Owen, C.; Louarn, P.; Livi, S.; Horbury, T.; e, Andr\; Angelini, V.; Evans, V.; Fedorov, A.; Genot, V.; Lavraud, B.; Matteini, L.; Müller, D.; Brien, H.; Pezzi, O.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Sorriso-Valvo, L.; Tenerani, A.; Verscharen, D.; Zouganelis, I.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140938

Parker Data Used; Interplanetary medium; Solar wind; methods: data analysis; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); turbulence; Sun: general

Multi-spacecraft study of the solar wind at solar minimum: Dependence on latitude and transient outflows

Context. The recent launches of Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter (SO), and BepiColombo, along with several older spacecraft, have provided the opportunity to study the solar wind at multiple latitudes and distances from the Sun simultaneously. \ Aims: We take advantage of this unique spacecraft constellation, along with low solar activity across two solar rotations between May and July 2020, to investigate how the solar wind structure, including the heliospheric current sheet (HCS), varies with latitude. \ Methods: We visua ...

Laker, R.; Horbury, T.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Matteini, L.; Woolley, T.; Woodham, L.~D.; Stawarz, J.~E.; Davies, E.~E.; Eastwood, J.~P.; Owens, M.~J.; Brien, H.; Evans, V.; Angelini, V.; Richter, I.; Heyner, D.; Owen, C.~J.; Louarn, P.; Fedorov, A.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140679

Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs); Solar wind; Sun: heliosphere; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Plasma Properties, Switchback Patches and Low \ensuremath\alpha-Particle Abundance in Slow Alfv\ enic Coronal Hole Wind at 0.13 au

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission presents a unique opportunity to study the near-Sun solar wind closer than any previous spacecraft. During its fourth and fifth solar encounters, PSP had the same orbital trajectory, meaning that solar wind was measured at the same latitudes and radial distances. We identify two streams measured at the same heliocentric distance (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.13au) and latitude (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde-3.5$^○$) across these encounters to reduce spatial evolution effects. By com ...

Woolley, Thomas; Matteini, Lorenzo; McManus, Michael; Ber\vci\vc, Laura; Badman, Samuel; Woodham, Lloyd; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Laker, Ronan; Stawarz, Julia; Larson, Davin;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stab2281

Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind; magnetic fields; Parker Data Used

Time evolution of stream interaction region energetic particle spectra in the inner heliosphere

We analyze an energetic proton event associated with a stream interaction region (SIR) that was observed at Parker Solar Probe on day 320 of 2018 when the spacecraft was just 0.34 AU from the Sun. Using the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite, we perform a spectral analysis of the event and show how the observed spectra evolve over the course of the event. We find that the spectra from the first day of the event are much more consistent with local acceleration at a weak compression, while spectra fro ...

Joyce, C.; McComas, D.; Schwadron, N.; Christian, E.; Wiedenbeck, M.; McNutt, R.; Cohen, C.; Leske, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Stone, E.; Labrador, A.; Davis, A.; Cummings, A.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; Roelof, E.; Allen, R.; Szalay, J.; Rankin, J.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Matthaeus, W.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039330

acceleration of particles; Solar wind; magnetic fields; Parker Data Used

Energetic particle behavior in near-Sun magnetic field switchbacks from PSP

Context. The observation of numerous magnetic switchbacks and associated plasma jets in Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first five orbits, particularly near the Sun, has attracted considerable attention. Switchbacks have been found to be systematically associated with correlated reversals in the direction of the propagation of Alfvénic fluctuations, as well as similar reversals of the electron strahl.
Aims: Here we aim to see whether the energetic particles change direction at the magnetic field switchbacks.

Bandyopadhyay, R.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; Joyce, C.; Szalay, J.; Christian, E.; Giacalone, J.; Schwadron, N.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; McNutt, R.; Desai, M.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039800

Solar wind; magnetic fields; plasmas; turbulence; instabilities; waves; Parker Data Used

Parker Solar Probe observations of He/H abundance variations in SEP events inside 0.5 au


Aims: The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) orbit provides an opportunity to study the inner heliosphere at distances closer to the Sun than previously possible. Due to the solar minimum conditions, the initial orbits of PSP yielded only a few solar energetic particle (SEP) events for study. Recently during the fifth orbit, at distances from 0.45 to 0.3 au, the energetic particle suite on PSP, Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS⊙IS), observed a series of six SEP events, adding to the limited number of SEP events ...

Cohen, C.; Christian, E.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Desai, M.; de Nolfo, G.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Mitchell, J.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Schwadron, N.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Vourlidas, A.; Bale, S.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039299

Sun: particle emission; Sun: activity; solar-terrestrial relations; Parker Data Used

The contribution of alpha particles to the solar wind angular momentum flux in the inner heliosphere

Context. An accurate assessment of the Sun s angular momentum (AM) loss rate is an independent constraint for models that describe the rotation evolution of Sun-like stars.
Aims: In situ measurements of the solar wind taken by Parker Solar Probe (PSP), at radial distances of ~28−55 R, are used to constrain the solar wind AM-loss rate. For the first time with PSP, this includes a measurement of the alpha particle contribution.
Methods: The mechanical AM flux in the solar wind protons (core and be ...

Finley, A.; McManus, M.; Matt, S.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Bale, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039288

Solar wind; stars: evolution; stars: winds; outflows; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Magnetic field line random walk and solar energetic particle path lengths. Stochastic theory and PSP/ISoIS observations

Context. In 2020 May-June, six solar energetic ion events were observed by the Parker Solar Probe/IS⊙IS instrument suite at ≈0.35 AU from the Sun. From standard velocity-dispersion analysis, the apparent ion path length is ≈0.625 AU at the onset of each event.
Aims: We develop a formalism for estimating the path length of random-walking magnetic field lines to explain why the apparent ion path length at an event onset greatly exceeds the radial distance from the Sun for these events.
Methods: We developed ...

Chhiber, R.; Matthaeus, W.; Cohen, C.; Ruffolo, D.; Sonsrettee, W.; Tooprakai, P.; Seripienlert, A.; Chuychai, P.; Usmanov, A.; Goldstein, M.; McComas, D.; Leske, R.; Christian, E.; Mewaldt, R.; Labrador, A.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039816"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Multiscale Solar Wind Turbulence Properties inside and near Switchbacks Measured by the Parker Solar Probe

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) routinely observes magnetic field deflections in the solar wind at distances less than 0.3 au from the Sun. These deflections are related to structures commonly called "switchbacks" (SBs), whose origins and characteristic properties are currently debated. Here, we use a database of visually selected SB intervals—and regions of solar wind plasma measured just before and after each SB—to examine plasma parameters, turbulent spectra from inertial to dissipation scales, and intermittency ...

Martinovic, Mihailo; Klein, Kristopher; Huang, Jia; Chandran, Benjamin; Kasper, Justin; Lichko, Emily; Bowen, Trevor; Chen, Christopher; Matteini, Lorenzo; Stevens, Michael; Case, Anthony; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abebe5

Parker Data Used; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1544; 830; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Subproton-scale Intermittency in Near-Sun Solar Wind Turbulence Observed by the Parker Solar Probe

High time-resolution solar wind magnetic field data are employed to study statistics describing intermittency near the first perihelion (∼35.6 R) of the Parker Solar Probe mission. A merged data set employing two instruments on the FIELDS suite enables broadband estimation of higher-order moments of magnetic field increments, with five orders established with reliable accuracy. The duration, cadence, and low noise level of the data permit evaluation of scale dependence of the observed intermittency from the i ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Matthaeus, William; Bowen, Trevor; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf04e

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Magnetohydrodynamics; Space plasmas; 1534; 830; 1964; 1544; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Geophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Turbulence in space plasmas: Who needs it?

The complex nonlinear dynamical phenomenon described as turbulence, is known to have a great impact on fluids, magnetohydrodynamic systems, and on plasmas. This paper reviews selected topics on turbulence in these systems, emphasizing the multiscale space-time properties of the turbulence cascade as it transfers energy from large scale reservoirs, through the inertial range, finally dissipating at kinetic scales and producing internal or thermal energy. Application to space and astrophysical plasmas is a pervasive theme. Thi ...

Matthaeus, W.;

Published by: Physics of Plasmas      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1063/5.0041540

Parker Data Used

Random Walk and Trapping of Interplanetary Magnetic Field Lines: Global Simulation, Magnetic Connectivity, and Implications for Solar Energetic Particles

The random walk of magnetic field lines is an important ingredient in understanding how the connectivity of the magnetic field affects the spatial transport and diffusion of charged particles. As solar energetic particles propagate away from near-solar sources, they interact with the fluctuating magnetic field, which modifies their distributions. We develop a formalism in which the differential equation describing the field line random walk contains both effects due to localized magnetic displacements and a non-stochastic co ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Ruffolo, David; Matthaeus, William; Usmanov, Arcadi; Tooprakai, Paisan; Chuychai, Piyanate; Goldstein, Melvyn;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7f0

Parker Data Used; Solar energetic particles; interplanetary turbulence; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar wind; 1491; 830; 824; 1534; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

2020

Statistical analysis of orientation, shape, and size of solar wind switchbacks

Context. One of the main discoveries from the first two orbits of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) was the presence of magnetic switchbacks, whose deflections dominated the magnetic field measurements. Determining their shape and size could provide evidence of their origin, which is still unclear. Previous work with a single solar wind stream has indicated that these are long, thin structures although the direction of their major axis could not be determined. \ Aims: We investigate if this long, thin nature extends to other solar wi ...

Laker, R.; Horbury, T.; Bale, S.; Matteini, L.; Woolley, T.; Woodham, L.; Badman, S.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039354"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Enhanced proton parallel temperature inside patches of switchbacks in the inner heliosphere

Context. Switchbacks are discrete angular deflections in the solar wind magnetic field that have been observed throughout the heliosphere. Recent observations by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) have revealed the presence of patches of switchbacks on the scale of hours to days, separated by quieter radial fields. \ Aims: We aim to further diagnose the origin of these patches using measurements of proton temperature anisotropy that can illuminate possible links to formation processes in the solar corona. \ Methods: We fitted 3D bi- ...

Woodham, L.; Horbury, T.; Matteini, L.; Woolley, T.; Laker, R.; Bale, S.; Nicolaou, G.; Stawarz, J.; Stansby, D.; Hietala, H.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Verniero, J.; McManus, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Raouafi, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039415"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Identification of coherent structures in space plasmas: The magnetic helicity-PVI method

Context. Plasma turbulence can be viewed as a magnetic landscape populated by large- and small-scale coherent structures. In this complex network, large helical magnetic tubes might be separated by small-scale magnetic reconnection events (current sheets). However, the identification of these magnetic structures in a continuous stream of data has always been a challenging task. \ Aims: Here, we present a method that is able to characterize both the large- and small-scale structures of the turbulent solar wind, based on the c ...

Pecora, F.; Servidio, S.; Greco, A.; Matthaeus, W.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039639"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Sensitivity of solar wind mass flux to coronal temperature

Solar wind models predict that the mass flux carried away from the Sun in the solar wind should be extremely sensitive to the temperature in the corona, where the solar wind is accelerated. We perform a direct test of this prediction in coronal holes and active regions using a combination of in situ and remote sensing observations. For coronal holes, a 50\% increase in temperature from 0.8 to 1.2 MK is associated with a tripling of the coronal mass flux. This trend is maintained within active regions at temperatures over 2 M ...

Stansby, D.; Bercic, L.; Matteini, L.; Owen, C.; French, R.; Baker, D.; Badman, S.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039789"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Proton core behaviour inside magnetic field switchbacks

During Parker Solar Probe s first two orbits, there are widespread observations of rapid magnetic field reversals known as switchbacks. These switchbacks are extensively found in the near-Sun solar wind, appear to occur in patches, and have possible links to various phenomena such as magnetic reconnection near the solar surface. As switchbacks are associated with faster plasma flows, we questioned whether they are hotter than the background plasma and whether the microphysics inside a switchback is different to its surroundi ...

Woolley, Thomas; Matteini, Lorenzo; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Woodham, Lloyd; Laker, Ronan; Alterman, Benjamin; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; Kasper, Justin; Klein, Kristopher; Martinovic, Mihailo; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa2770

Parker Data Used

Novel aspects of cosmic ray diffusion in synthetic magnetic turbulence

Dundovic, Andrej; Pezzi, Oreste; Blasi, Pasquale; Evoli, Carmelo; Matthaeus, William;

Published by: \prd      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.102.103016

Parker Data Used; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

The interpretation of data from the Parker Solar Probe mission: shear-driven transition to an isotropically turbulent solar wind

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission has been studied since 1958. After many iterations and changes in design, the mission was launched on August 12, 2018 (see, https://www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/parker-solar-probe). PSP has completed its 3rd rendezvous with Venus and 6th perihelion passage. Each flyby brings PSP closer to the Sun (eventually to 9.7 solar radii). In October 2020 it flew within 20 solar radii of the solar surface. A goal of the mission is to determine how the solar corona is heated to ∼ a million degrees. ...

Goldstein, Melvyn; Ruffolo, D.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Chhiber, R.; Usmanov, A.~V.; Yang, Y.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Parashar, T.~N.; DeForest, E.; Wan, M.; Chasapis, A.; Maruca, B.~A.; Velli, M.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: Radiation Effects and Defects in Solids      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1080/10420150.2020.1845690

Parker Data Used

Shear-driven Transition to Isotropically Turbulent Solar Wind Outside the Alfv\ en Critical Zone

Motivated by prior remote observations of a transition from striated\ solar\ coronal structures to more isotropic "flocculated" fluctuations, we propose that the dynamics of the inner\ solar\ wind just outside the Alfven critical zone, and in the vicinity of the first beta = 1 surface, is powered by the relative velocities of adjacent coronal magnetic flux tubes. We suggest that large-amplitude flow contrasts are magnetically constrained at lower altitude but shear-driven dynamics are triggered as such ...

Ruffolo, D.; Matthaeus, W.; Chhiber, R.; Usmanov, A.; Yang, Y.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Parashar, T.; Goldstein, M.; Deforest, C.; Wan, M.; Chasapis, A.; Maruca, B.; Velli, M.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb594

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Solar Wind Angular Momentum Flux as Observed by Parker Solar Probe

he long-term evolution of the Sun\textquoterights rotation period cannot be directly observed, and is instead inferred from trends in the measured rotation periods of other Sun-like stars. Assuming the Sun spins down as it ages, following rotation rate proportional to age(-1/2), requires the current\ solar\ angular momentum (AM) loss rate to be around 6 x 10(30)erg. Magnetohydrodynamic models, and previous observations of the\ solar\ wind (from the Helios and Wind spacecraft), generally predict a value ...

Finley, Adam; Matt, Sean; eville, Victor; Pinto, Rui; Owens, Mathew; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Case, A.; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abb9a5

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar evolution; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar rotation; Solar wind; Stellar evolution; Stellar physics; Stellar rotation

Critical Balance and the Physics of Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence

Oughton, S.; Matthaeus, W.~H.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab8f2a

Parker Data Used; 830; 1544; 1534; 2129; 23; 1964; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Coronal Electron Temperature Inferred from the Strahl Electrons in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe and Helios Observations

The shape of the electron velocity distribution function plays an important role in the dynamics of the solar wind acceleration. Electrons are normally modeled with three components, the core, the halo, and the strahl. We investigate how well the fast strahl electrons in the inner heliosphere preserve the information about the coronal electron temperature at their origin. We analyzed the data obtained by two missions, Helios, spanning the distances between 65 and 215 RS, and Parker Solar Probe (PSP), reaching d ...

Bercic, Laura; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Maksimovic, Milan; Badman, Samuel; Landi, Simone; Matteini, Lorenzo; Bale, Stuart.; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab7b7a

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Pathways to Dissipation in Weakly Collisional Plasmas

Matthaeus, William; Yang, Yan; Wan, Minping; Parashar, Tulasi; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Chasapis, Alexandros; Pezzi, Oreste; Valentini, Francesco;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 03/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab6d6a

Parker Data Used; 2089; 1261; 1544; 830; 1989; 1534

Clustering of Intermittent Magnetic and Flow Structures near Parker Solar Probe \textquoterights First Perihelion\textemdashA Partial-variance-of-increments Analysis

During the Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first perihelion pass, the spacecraft reached within a heliocentric distance of ̃37 R and observed numerous magnetic and flow structures characterized by sharp gradients. To better understand these intermittent structures in the young solar wind, an important property to examine is their degree of correlation in time and space. To this end, we use the well-tested partial variance of increments (PVI) technique to identify intermittent events in FIELDS and S ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Goldstein, M; Maruca, B.; Chasapis, A.; Matthaeus, W.; Ruffolo, D.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Parashar, T.; Qudsi, R.; de Wit, Dudok; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Velli, M.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab53d2

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Energetic Particle Increases Associated with Stream Interaction Regions

The Parker Solar Probe was launched on 2018 August 12 and completed its second orbit on 2019 June 19 with perihelion of 35.7 solar radii. During this time, the Energetic Particle Instrument-Hi (EPI-Hi, one of the two energetic particle instruments comprising the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun, IS☉IS) measured seven proton intensity increases associated with stream interaction regions (SIRs), two of which appear to be occurring in the same region corotating with the Sun. The events are relatively weak, with ...

Cohen, C.; Christian, E.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Schwadron, N.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Jian, L.; Lario, D.; Odstrcil, D.; Bale, S.; Badman, S.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4c38

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Energetic Particle Observations from the Parker Solar Probe Using Combined Energy Spectra from the IS⊙IS Instrument Suite

The Integrated Science Investigations of the Sun (IS☉IS) instrument suite includes two Energetic Particle instruments: EPI-Hi, designed to measure ions from ̃1 to 200 MeV nuc-1, and EPI-Lo, designed to measure ions from ̃20 to ̃15 MeV nuc-1. We present an analysis of eight energetic proton events observed across the energy range of both instruments during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first two orbits in order to examine their combined energy spectra. Background corrections are applie ...

Joyce, C.; McComas, D.; Christian, E.; Schwadron, N.; Wiedenbeck, M.; McNutt, R.; Cohen, C.; Leske, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Stone, E.; Labrador, A.; Davis, A.; Cummings, A.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; Roelof, E.; Szalay, J.; Rankin, J.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Matthaeus, W.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5948

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Enhanced Energy Transfer Rate in Solar Wind Turbulence Observed near the Sun from Parker Solar Probe

Direct evidence of an inertial-range turbulent energy cascade has been provided by spacecraft observations in heliospheric plasmas. In the solar wind, the average value of the derived heating rate near 1 au is \~10\ 3\ Jkg\ -1\ s\ -1\ \ \~103Jkg-1s-1 , an amount sufficient to account for observed departures from adiabatic expansion. Parker Solar Probe, even during its first solar encounter, offers the first opportunity to compute, in a similar fashion, a fluid-scale energy decay rate, mu ...

Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Goldstein, M.; Maruca, B.; Matthaeus, W.; Parashar, T.; Ruffolo, D.; Chhiber, R.; Usmanov, A.; Chasapis, A.; Qudsi, R.; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Klein, K.; Velli, M.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5dae

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

CME-associated Energetic Ions at 0.23 au: Consideration of the Auroral Pressure Cooker Mechanism Operating in the Low Corona as a Possible Energization Process

Mitchell, D.~G.; Giacalone, J.; Allen, R.~C.; Hill, M.~E.; McNutt, R.~L.; McComas, D.~J.; Szalay, J.~R.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Bale, S.~B.; Chaston, C.~C.; Pulupa, M.~P.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Kasper, J.~C.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Christian, E.~R.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Matthaeus, W.~H.;

Published by: \apjs      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab63cc

Parker Data Used; 1491; 310; 1496; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Magnetic Field Kinks and Folds in the Solar Wind

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations during its first encounter at 35.7 R have shown the presence of magnetic field lines that are strongly perturbed to the point that they produce local inversions of the radial magnetic field, known as switchbacks. Their counterparts in the solar wind velocity field are local enhancements in the radial speed, or jets, displaying (in all components) the velocity-magnetic field correlation typical of large amplitude Alfv\ en waves propagating away from the Sun. Switchbacks a ...

Tenerani, Anna; Velli, Marco; Matteini, Lorenzo; eville, Victor; Shi, Chen; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Klein, Kristopher; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab53e1

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Measures of Scale-dependent Alfv\ enicity in the First PSP Solar Encounter

The solar wind shows periods of highly Alfv\ enic activity, where velocity fluctuations and magnetic fluctuations are aligned or antialigned with each other. It is generally agreed that solar wind plasma velocity and magnetic field fluctuations observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during the first encounter are mostly highly Alfv\ enic. However, quantitative measures of Alfv\ enicity are needed to understand how the characterization of these fluctuations compares with standard measures from prior missions in the inner ...

Parashar, T.; Goldstein, M.; Maruca, B.; Matthaeus, W.; Ruffolo, D.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Chhiber, R.; Chasapis, A.; Qudsi, R.; Vech, D.; Roberts, D.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Velli, M.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab64e6

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus



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