PSP Bibliography





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Found 112 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2021

The Encounter of the Parker Solar Probe and a Comet-like Object Near the Sun: Model Predictions and Measurements

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) aims to explore the nascent solar wind close to the Sun. Meanwhile, PSP is also expected to encounter small objects like comets and asteroids. In this work, we survey the ephemerides to find the chance of a recent encounter and then model the interaction between released dusty plasmas and solar wind plasmas. On 2019 September 2, a comet-like object, the 322P/Solar and Heliosphere Observatory, just passed its perihelion flying to a heliocentric distance of 0.12 au and swept by PSP at a relative di ...

He, Jiansen; Cui, Bo; Yang, Liping; Hou, Chuanpeng; Zhang, Lei; Ip, Wing-Huen; Jia, Ying-Dong; Dong, Chuanfei; Duan, Die; Zong, Qiugang; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Bonnell, John; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abdf4a

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Comet tails; Interplanetary dust; Asteroids; 1534; 274; 821; 72; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Evidence of Subproton Scale Magnetic Holes in the Venusian Magnetosheath

Depressions in magnetic field strength, commonly referred to as magnetic holes, are observed ubiquitously in space plasmas. Subproton scale magnetic holes with spatial scales smaller than or on the order of a proton gyroradius, are likely supported by electron current vortices, rotating perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field. While there are numerous accounts of subproton scale magnetic holes within the Earth s magnetosphere, there are few, if any, reported observations in other space plasma environments. We present the ...

Goodrich, Katherine; Bonnell, John; Curry, Shannon; Livi, Roberto; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Mozer, Forrest; Malaspina, David; Halekas, Jasper; McManus, Michael; Bale, Stuart; Bowen, Trevor; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Larson, Davin; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090329

Parker Data Used

Radial Evolution of a CIR: Observations From a Nearly Radially Aligned Event Between Parker Solar Probe and STEREO A

The addition of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to the Heliophysics System Observatory has allowed for the unprecedented ability to study Corotating Interaction Regions (CIRs) at multiple radial distances without significant temporal/longitudinal variations. On September 19, 2019, PSP observed a CIR at ∼0.5 au when it was nearly radially aligned with the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Ahead (STEREO A) spacecraft at ∼1 au, allowing for an unambiguous assessment of the radial evolution of a single CIR. Bulk plasma and ma ...

Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Mason, G.; Li, G.; Jian, L.; Vines, S.; Schwadron, N.; Joyce, C.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Desai, M.; Filwett, R.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Hill, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Lario, D.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Paulson, K.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL091376

Parker Data Used; CIRs; parker solar probe; Solar wind; STEREO; suprathermal ions

Measurement of Magnetic Field Fluctuations in the Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter Missions

The search coil magnetometer (SCM) measures the magnetic signature of solar wind fluctuations with three components in the 3 Hz-50 kHz range and one single component in the 1 kHz-1 MHz range. This instrument is important for providing in situ observations of transients caused by interplanetary shocks and reconnection, for the identification of electromagnetic wave modes in plasmas and the determination of their characteristics (planarity, polarization, ellipticity, and k vector) and for studying the turbulent cascade in the ...

Jannet, G.; de Wit, Dudok; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Kretzschmar, M.; Fergeau, P.; Bergerard-Timofeeva, M.; Agrapart, C.; . Y. Brochot, J; Chalumeau, G.; Martin, P.; Revillet, C.; Bale, S.; Maksimovic, M.; Bowen, T.; Brysbaert, C.; Goetz, K.; Guilhem, E.; Harvey, P.; Leray, V.; Lorfèvre, E.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028543

Parker Data Used; magnetometer; parker solar probe; search coil; Solar Orbiter

Kinetic-Scale Turbulence in the Venusian Magnetosheath

Bowen, T.~A.; Bale, S.~D.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Case, A.; Chasapis, A.; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Curry, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Gruesbeck, J.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.~R.; Howes, G.~G.; Kasper, J.~C.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Mallet, A.; McManus, M.~D.; Page, B.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.~L.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \grl      Published on: 01/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090783

Instability; kinetic; plasma; PSP; turbulence; Venus

Radial Evolution of a CIR: Observations From a Nearly Radially Aligned Event Between Parker Solar Probe and STEREO-A

Abstract The addition of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to the Heliophysics System Observatory has allowed for the unprecedented ability to study Corotating Interaction Regions (CIRs) at multiple radial distances without significant temporal/longitudinal variations. On September 19, 2019, PSP observed a CIR at ∼0.5 au when it was nearly radially aligned with the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory-Ahead (STEREO-A) spacecraft at ∼1 au, allowing for an unambiguous assessment of the radial evolution of a single CIR. Bulk pl ...

Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Mason, G.; Li, G.; Jian, L.; Vines, S.; Schwadron, N.; Joyce, C.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Desai, M.; Filwett, R.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Hill, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Lario, D.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Paulson, K.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL091376

Parker Data Used; CIRs; parker solar probe; Solar wind; STEREO; suprathermal ions

Evidence of Subproton-Scale Magnetic Holes in the Venusian Magnetosheath

Abstract Depressions in magnetic field strength, commonly referred to as magnetic holes, are observed ubiquitously in space plasmas. Subproton-scale magnetic holes with spatial scales smaller than or on the order of a proton gyroradius, are likely supported by electron current vortices, rotating perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field. While there are numerous accounts of subproton-scale magnetic holes within the Earth’s magnetosphere, there are few, if any, reported observations in other space plasma environments. We ...

Goodrich, Katherine; Bonnell, John; Curry, Shannon; Livi, Roberto; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Mozer, Forrest; Malaspina, David; Halekas, Jasper; McManus, Michael; Bale, Stuart; Bowen, Trevor; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Larson, Davin; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL090329

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe

Solar wind energy flux observations in the inner heliosphere: First results from Parker Solar Probe

Liu, M.; Issautier, K.; Meyer-Vernet, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Maksimovic, M.; Halekas, J.; Huang, J.; Griton, L.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039615"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Whistler wave occurrence and the interaction with strahl electrons during the first encounter of Parker Solar Probe

Jagarlamudi, V.K.; de Wit, Dudok; Froment, C.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Larosa, A.; Bercic, L.; Agapitov, O.; Halekas, J.S.; Kretzschmar, M.; Malaspina, D.; Moncuquet, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039808"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Alfvenic versus non-Alfvenic turbulence in the inner heliosphere as observed by Parker Solar Probe

Shi, C.; Velli, M.; Panasenco, O.; Tenerani, A.; eville, V.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Case, A.; Larson, D.; Verniero, J.; Livi, R.; Stevens, M.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039818"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

2020

Prediction of the In Situ Coronal Mass Ejection Rate for Solar Cycle 25: Implications for Parker Solar Probe In Situ Observations

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Solar Orbiter missions are designed to make groundbreaking observations of the Sun and interplanetary space within this decade. We show that a particularly interesting in situ observation of an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) by PSP may arise during close solar flybys (<0.1 au). During these times, the same magnetic flux rope inside an ICME could be observed in situ by PSP twice, by impacting its frontal part as well as its leg. Investigating the odds of this situation, we forecas ...

Möstl, Christian; Weiss, Andreas; Bailey, Rachel; Reiss, Martin; Amerstorfer, Tanja; Hinterreiter, Jürgen; Bauer, Maike; McIntosh, Scott; Lugaz, No\; Stansby, David;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb9a1

Solar coronal mass ejection; Solar storm; Ejecta; space weather; Solar system; Solar wind; Solar Physics; interplanetary magnetic fields; Solar magnetic fields

Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes in the First Two Parker Solar Probe Encounters

Small-scale magnetic flux ropes (SFRs) are a type of structure in the solar wind that possess helical magnetic field lines. In a recent report we presented the radial variations of the properties of SFRs from 0.29 to 8 au using in situ measurements from the Helios, Advanced Composition Explorer/WIND (ACE/Wind), Ulysses, and Voyager spacecrafts. With the launch of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we extend our previous investigation further into the inner heliosphere. We apply a Grad-Shafranov-based algorithm to identify SFRs du ...

Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang; Zhao, Lingling; Kasper, Justin; Bale, Stuart; Korreck, Kelly; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Bonnell, John; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Klein, Kristopher; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb820

Parker Data Used

Plasma Double Layers at the Boundary Between Venus and the Solar Wind

Malaspina, D.~M.; Goodrich, K.; Livi, R.; Halekas, J.; McManus, M.; Curry, S.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.~R.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Pulupa, M.; Case, A.~W.; Kasper, J.~C.; Korreck, K.~E.; Larson, D.; Stevens, M.~L.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \grl      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090115

Parker Data Used; kinetic physics; Venus; bow shock; magnetosheath; double layer; solar wind interaction

Small Electron Events Observed by Parker Solar Probe/IS⊙IS during Encounter 2

The current understanding of the characteristics of\ solar\ and inner heliospheric electron events is inferred almost entirely from observations made by spacecraft located at 1 astronomical unit (au). Previous observations within 1 au of the Sun, by the Helios spacecraft at similar to 0.3-1 au, indicate the presence of electron events that are not detected at 1 au or may have merged during transport from the Sun.\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\textquoterights close proximity to the Sun at perihelion provid ...

Mitchell, J.; de Nolfo, G.; Hill, M.; Christian, E.; McComas, D.; Schwadron, N.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Cohen, C.; Joyce, C.; Kasper, J.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; MacDowall, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Pulupa, M.; Richardson, I.; Stevens, M.; Szalay, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb2a4

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Radio bursts; Solar energetic particles; solar flares; Solar particle emission; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus

PIC Simulations of Microinstabilities and Waves at Near-Sun Solar Wind Perpendicular Shocks: Predictions for Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter

Microinstabilities and waves excited at moderate-Mach-number perpendicular shocks in the near-Sun solar wind are investigated by full particle-in-cell simulations. By analyzing the dispersion relation of fluctuating field components directly issued from the shock simulation, we obtain key findings concerning wave excitations at the shock front: (1) at the leading edge of the foot, two types of electrostatic (ES) waves are observed. The relative drift of the reflected ions versus the electrons triggers an electron cyclotro ...

Yang, Zhongwei; Liu, Ying; Matsukiyo, Shuichi; Lu, Quanming; Guo, Fan; Liu, Mingzhe; Xie, Huasheng; Gao, Xinliang; Guo, Jun;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abaf59

Interplanetary shocks; parker solar probe; Plasma astrophysics; Plasma physics; Solar Probe Plus; Space plasmas

Understanding the origins of the heliosphere: integrating observations and measurements from Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter, and other space- and ground-based observatories

Context. The launch of\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\ (PSP) in 2018, followed by\ Solar\ Orbiter (SO) in February 2020, has opened a new window in the exploration of\ solar\ magnetic activity and the origin of the heliosphere. These missions, together with other space observatories dedicated to\ solar\ observations, such as the\ Solar\ Dynamics Observatory, Hinode, IRIS, STEREO, and SOHO, with complementary in situ observations from WIND and ACE, and ground based multi-w ...

Velli, M.; Harra, L.; Vourlidas, A.; Schwadron, N.; Panasenco, O.; Liewer, P.; Müller, D.; Zouganelis, I.; St Cyr, O.; Gilbert, H.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Auchère, F.; Berghmans, D.; Fludra, A.; Horbury, T.; Howard, R.; Krucker, S.; Maksimovic, M.; Owen, C.; iguez-Pacheco, Rodr\; Romoli, M.; Solanki, S.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; McComas, D.; Raouafi, N.; Martinez-Pillet, V.; Walsh, A.; De Groof, A.; Williams, D.;

Published by: Astronomy \& Astrophysics      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202038245

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; solar-terrestrial relations; Sun: atmosphere; Sun: corona; Sun: heliosphere; Sun: magnetic fields

The Electromagnetic Signature of Outward Propagating Ion-scale Waves

First results from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission have revealed ubiquitous coherent ion-scale waves in the inner heliosphere, which are signatures of kinetic wave-particle interactions and fluid instabilities. However, initial studies of the circularly polarized ion-scale waves observed by PSP have only thoroughly analyzed magnetic field signatures, precluding a determination of solar wind frame propagation direction and intrinsic wave polarization. A comprehensive determination of wave properties requires measureme ...

Bowen, Trevor; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Larson, Davin; Mallet, Alfred; McManus, Michael; Mozer, Forrest; Pulupa, Marc; Vasko, Ivan; Verniero, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab9f37

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Plasma astrophysics; Plasma physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

The Streamer Blowout Origin of a Flux Rope and Energetic Particle Event Observed by Parker Solar Probe at 0.5 au

The distribution of spacecraft in the inner heliosphere during 2019 March enabled comprehensive observations of an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) that encountered Parker Solar Probe (PSP) at 0.547 au from the Sun. This ICME originated as a slow (\~311 km s-1) streamer blowout (SBO) on the Sun as measured by the white-light coronagraphs on board the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory-A and the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. Despite its low initial speed, the passage of the ICME at PSP was ...

Lario, D.; Balmaceda, L.; Alzate, N.; Mays, M.; Richardson, I.; Allen, R.; Florido-Llinas, M.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Koval, A.; Lugaz, N.; Jian, L.; Arge, C.; Macneice, P.; Odstrcil, D.; Morgan, H.; Szabo, A.; Desai, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Stevens, M.; Ho, G.; Luhmann, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab9942

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Streamer Blowout Origin of a Flux Rope and Energetic Particle Event Observed by Parker Solar Probe at 0.5 au

The distribution of spacecraft in the inner heliosphere during 2019 March enabled comprehensive observations of an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) that encountered Parker Solar Probe (PSP) at 0.547 au from the Sun. This ICME originated as a slow (\~311 km s-1) streamer blowout (SBO) on the Sun as measured by the white-light coronagraphs on board the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory-A and the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. Despite its low initial speed, the passage of the ICME at PSP was ...

Lario, D.; Balmaceda, L.; Alzate, N.; Mays, M.; Richardson, I.; Allen, R.; Florido-Llinas, M.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Koval, A.; Lugaz, N.; Jian, L.; Arge, C.; Macneice, P.; Odstrcil, D.; Morgan, H.; Szabo, A.; Desai, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Stevens, M.; Ho, G.; Luhmann, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab9942

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Constraining Ion-Scale Heating and Spectral Energy Transfer in Observations of Plasma Turbulence

We perform a statistical study of the turbulent power spectrum at inertial and kinetic scales observed during the first perihelion encounter of the Parker Solar Probe. We find that often there is an extremely steep scaling range of the power spectrum just above the ion-kinetic scales, similar to prior observations at 1 A.U., with a power-law index of around -4 . Based on our measurements, we demonstrate that either a significant (\>50 \%) fraction of the total turbulent energy flux is dissipated in this range of scales ...

Bowen, Trevor; Mallet, Alfred; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Case, Anthony; Chandran, Benjamin; Chasapis, Alexandros; Chen, Christopher; Duan, Die; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Halekas, Jasper; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, J.; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; McManus, Michael; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: Physical Review Letters      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.025102

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

A Merged Search-Coil and Fluxgate Magnetometer Data Product for Parker Solar Probe FIELDS

NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission is currently investigating the local plasma environment of the inner heliosphere (\<0.25 R) using both in situ and remote sensing instrumentation. Connecting signatures of microphysical particle heating and acceleration processes to macroscale heliospheric structure requires sensitive measurements of electromagnetic fields over a large range of physical scales. The FIELDS instrument, which provides PSP with in situ measurements of electromagnetic field ...

Bowen, T.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Gruesbeck, J.; Harvey, P.; Jannet, G.; Koval, A.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Sheppard, D.; Szabo, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA027813

Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Proton Beams Simultaneous with Ion-scale Waves

Parker Solar Probe (PSP), NASA\textquoterights latest and closest mission to the Sun, is on a journey to investigate fundamental enigmas of the inner heliosphere. This paper reports initial observations made by the Solar Probe Analyzer for Ions (SPAN-I), one of the instruments in the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons instrument suite. We address the presence of secondary proton beams in concert with ion-scale waves observed by FIELDS, the electromagnetic fields instrument suite. We show two events from PSP\textquote ...

Verniero, J.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Rahmati, A.; McManus, M.; Pyakurel, Sharma; Klein, K.; Bowen, T.; Bonnell, J.; Alterman, B.; Whittlesey, P.; Malaspina, David; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Korreck, K.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; de Wit, Dudok;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab86af

Alfv\ en waves; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Plasma physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

The Heliospheric Current Sheet and Plasma Sheet during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights First Orbit

We present heliospheric current sheet (HCS) and plasma sheet (HPS) observations during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first orbit around the Sun. We focus on the eight intervals that display a true sector boundary (TSB; based on suprathermal electron pitch angle distributions) with one or several associated current sheets. The analysis shows that (1) the main density enhancements in the vicinity of the TSB and HCS are typically associated with electron strahl dropouts, implying magnetic disconnection from the Su ...

Lavraud, B.; Fargette, N.; eville, V.; Szabo, A.; Huang, J.; Rouillard, A.; Viall, N.; Phan, T.; Kasper, J.; Bale, S.; Berthomier, M.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Eastwood, J.; enot, V.; Goetz, K.; Griton, L.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.; Kieokaew, R.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Larson, D.; Lavarra, M.; Livi, R.; Louarn, P.; MacDowall, R.; Maksimovic, M.; Malaspina, D.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Pinto, R.; Poirier, N.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Toledo-Redondo, S.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8d2d

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

ICME Evolution in the Inner Heliosphere

ICMEs (interplanetary coronal mass ejections), the heliospheric counterparts of what is observed with coronagraphs at the Sun as CMEs, have been the subject of intense interest since their close association with geomagnetic storms was established in the 1980s. These major interplanetary plasma and magnetic field transients, often preceded and accompanied by solar energetic particles (SEPs), interact with planetary magnetospheres, ionospheres, and upper atmospheres in now fairly well-understood ways, although their details ...

Luhmann, J.; Gopalswamy, N.; Jian, L.; Lugaz, N.;

Published by: Solar Physics      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01624-0

CME; ICME; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; space weather

ICME Evolution in the Inner Heliosphere

ICMEs (interplanetary coronal mass ejections), the heliospheric counterparts of what is observed with coronagraphs at the Sun as CMEs, have been the subject of intense interest since their close association with geomagnetic storms was established in the 1980s. These major interplanetary plasma and magnetic field transients, often preceded and accompanied by solar energetic particles (SEPs), interact with planetary magnetospheres, ionospheres, and upper atmospheres in now fairly well-understood ways, although their details ...

Luhmann, J.; Gopalswamy, N.; Jian, L.; Lugaz, N.;

Published by: Solar Physics      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01624-0

CME; ICME; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; space weather

In Situ Observations of Interplanetary Dust Variability in the Inner Heliosphere

This work examines the variation of interplanetary dust count rates and directionality during the first three solar encounters made by the Parker Solar Probe spacecraft, covering distances between 0.65 au (\~140 solar radii, RS) and 0.16 au (\~35 RS). Dust detections are made by the FIELDS instrument via plasma clouds, produced by impact ionization of dust grains on spacecraft surfaces and resultant spacecraft potential perturbations. Dust count rates and inferred densities are found to vary by \~50\ ...

Malaspina, David; Szalay, Jamey; y, Petr; Page, Brent; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, John; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Goodrich, Katherine; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab799b

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Localized Magnetic-field Structures and Their Boundaries in the Near-Sun Solar Wind from Parker Solar Probe Measurements

One of the discoveries of the Parker Solar Probe during its first encounters with the Sun is ubiquitous presence of relatively small-scale structures standing out as sudden deflections of the magnetic field. They were named "switchbacks" since some of them show a full reversal of the radial component of the magnetic field and then return to "regular" conditions. We carried out an analysis of three typical switchback structures having different characteristics: I. Alfv\ enic structure, where the variations of the magnetic ...

Krasnoselskikh, V.; Larosa, A.; Agapitov, O.; de Wit, Dudok; Moncuquet, M.; Mozer, F.; Stevens, M.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Froment, C.; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Revillet, C.; Velli, M.; Wygant, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab7f2d

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Electron Energy Partition across Interplanetary Shocks. III. Analysis

Wilson, Lynn; Chen, Li-Jen; Wang, Shan; Schwartz, Steven; Turner, Drew; Stevens, Michael; Kasper, Justin; Osmane, Adnane; Caprioli, Damiano; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Salem, Chadi; Goodrich, Katherine;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab7d39

Parker Data Used; 1534; 829; 310; 1997; 1544; 1261; 2089; 826; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Coronal Electron Temperature Inferred from the Strahl Electrons in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe and Helios Observations

The shape of the electron velocity distribution function plays an important role in the dynamics of the solar wind acceleration. Electrons are normally modeled with three components, the core, the halo, and the strahl. We investigate how well the fast strahl electrons in the inner heliosphere preserve the information about the coronal electron temperature at their origin. We analyzed the data obtained by two missions, Helios, spanning the distances between 65 and 215 RS, and Parker Solar Probe (PSP), reaching d ...

Bercic, Laura; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Maksimovic, Milan; Badman, Samuel; Landi, Simone; Matteini, Lorenzo; Bale, Stuart.; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab7b7a

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Sunward-propagating Whistler Waves Collocated with Localized Magnetic Field Holes in the Solar Wind: Parker Solar Probe Observations at 35.7 R Radii

Observations by the Parker Solar Probe mission of the solar wind at \~35.7 solar radii reveal the existence of whistler wave packets with frequencies below 0.1 fce (20-80 Hz in the spacecraft frame). These waves often coincide with local minima of the magnetic field magnitude or with sudden deflections of the magnetic field that are called switchbacks. Their sunward propagation leads to a significant Doppler frequency downshift from 200-300 to 20-80 Hz (from 0.2 to 0.5 fce). The polarization of these ...

Agapitov, O.; de Wit, Dudok; Mozer, F.; Bonnell, J.; Drake, J.; Malaspina, D.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Bale, S.; Whittlesey, P.; Case, A.; Chaston, C.; Froment, C.; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Stevens, M.; Wygant, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab799c

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Identification of Magnetic Flux Ropes from Parker Solar Probe Observations during the First Encounter

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) event during its first orbit around the Sun, among many other events. This event is analyzed by applying a wavelet analysis technique to obtain the reduced magnetic helicity, cross helicity, and residual energy, the first two of which are magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) invariants. Our results show that the ICME, as a large-scale magnetic flux rope, possesses high magnetic helicity, very low cross helicity, and highly negative residual energy, ...

Zhao, L.-L.; Zank, G.; Adhikari, L.; Hu, Q.; Kasper, J.; Bale, S.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Whittlesey, P.; Klein, K.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4ff1

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

MHD Mode Composition in the Inner Heliosphere from the Parker Solar Probe s First Perihelion

Field and plasma variations during the first perihelion pass of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) from 53 into 35 solar radii (R-S) from the Sun and over a frequency range in the spacecraft frame (f(SC)) from 0.0002 to 0.2 Hz are decomposed into constituent magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) modes. The analysis operates on measurements of the MHD variables recorded between impulsive, large amplitude rotations of the magnetic field to reveal the dominance of a broad spectrum of shear Alfven waves propagating antiparallel (backward) to the ...

Chaston, C.; Bonnell, J.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Pulupa, M.; de Wit, Dudok; Bowen, T.; Larson, D.; Whittlesey, P.; Wygant, J.; Salem, C.; MacDowall, R.; Livi, R.; Vech, D.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Korreck, K.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Malaspina, D.;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab745c

Parker Data Used

Ion-scale Electromagnetic Waves in the Inner Heliosphere

Understanding the physical processes in the solar wind and corona that actively contribute to heating, acceleration, and dissipation is a primary objective of NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission. Observations of circularly polarized electromagnetic waves at ion scales suggest that cyclotron resonance and wave-particle interactions are dynamically relevant in the inner heliosphere. A wavelet-based statistical study of circularly polarized events in the first perihelion encounter of PSP demonstrates that t ...

Bowen, Trevor; Mallet, Alfred; Huang, Jia; Klein, Kristopher; Malaspina, David; Stevens, Michael; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Case, Anthony; Chandran, Benjamin; Chaston, C.; Chen, Christopher; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Howes, Gregory; Kasper, J.; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; McManus, Michael; Pulupa, Marc; Verniero, J.; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6c65

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Parker Solar Probe In Situ Observations of Magnetic Reconnection Exhausts during Encounter 1

Magnetic reconnection in current sheets converts magnetic energy into particle energy. The process may play an important role in the acceleration and heating of the solar wind close to the Sun. Observations from Parker Solar Probe (PSP) provide a new opportunity to study this problem, as it measures the solar wind at unprecedented close distances to the Sun. During the first orbit, PSP encountered a large number of current sheets in the solar wind through perihelion at 35.7 solar radii. We performed a comprehensive survey ...

Phan, T.; Bale, S.; Eastwood, J.; Lavraud, B.; Drake, J.; Oieroset, M.; Shay, M.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; MacDowall, R.; Case, A.; Larson, D.; Kasper, J.; Whittlesey, P.; Szabo, A.; Korreck, K.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Horbury, T.; Livi, R.; Malaspina, D.; Paulson, K.; Raouafi, N.; Velli, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab55ee

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Kinetic-scale Spectral Features of Cross Helicity and Residual Energy in the Inner Heliosphere

In this work, we present the first results from the flux angle (FA) operation mode of the Faraday Cup instrument on board the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). The FA mode allows rapid measurements of phase space density fluctuations close to the peak of the proton velocity distribution function with a cadence of 293 Hz. This approach provides an invaluable tool for understanding kinetic-scale turbulence in the solar wind and solar corona. We describe a technique to convert the phase space density fluctuations into vector velocit ...

Vech, Daniel; Kasper, Justin; Klein, Kristopher; Huang, Jia; Stevens, Michael; Chen, Christopher; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Bale, Stuart; Bowen, Trevor; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Larson, Davin; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Bonnell, John; Harvey, Peter; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; MacDowall, Robert;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab60a2

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Magnetic Connectivity of the Ecliptic Plane within 0.5 au: Potential Field Source Surface Modeling of the First Parker Solar Probe Encounter

We compare magnetic field measurements taken by the FIELDS instrument on board Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first solar encounter to predictions obtained by potential field source surface (PFSS) modeling. Ballistic propagation is used to connect the spacecraft to the source surface. Despite the simplicity of the model, our results show striking agreement with PSP\textquoterights first observations of the heliospheric magnetic field from ̃0.5 au (107.5 R) down to 0.16 au (35.7 R). Furthe ...

Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart; Oliveros, Juan; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Stansby, David; Buitrago-Casas, Juan; eville, Victor; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4da7

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Magnetic Field Kinks and Folds in the Solar Wind

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations during its first encounter at 35.7 R have shown the presence of magnetic field lines that are strongly perturbed to the point that they produce local inversions of the radial magnetic field, known as switchbacks. Their counterparts in the solar wind velocity field are local enhancements in the radial speed, or jets, displaying (in all components) the velocity-magnetic field correlation typical of large amplitude Alfv\ en waves propagating away from the Sun. Switchbacks a ...

Tenerani, Anna; Velli, Marco; Matteini, Lorenzo; eville, Victor; Shi, Chen; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Klein, Kristopher; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab53e1

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Measures of Scale-dependent Alfv\ enicity in the First PSP Solar Encounter

The solar wind shows periods of highly Alfv\ enic activity, where velocity fluctuations and magnetic fluctuations are aligned or antialigned with each other. It is generally agreed that solar wind plasma velocity and magnetic field fluctuations observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during the first encounter are mostly highly Alfv\ enic. However, quantitative measures of Alfv\ enicity are needed to understand how the characterization of these fluctuations compares with standard measures from prior missions in the inner ...

Parashar, T.; Goldstein, M.; Maruca, B.; Matthaeus, W.; Ruffolo, D.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Chhiber, R.; Chasapis, A.; Qudsi, R.; Vech, D.; Roberts, D.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Velli, M.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab64e6

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

CME-associated Energetic Ions at 0.23 au: Consideration of the Auroral Pressure Cooker Mechanism Operating in the Low Corona as a Possible Energization Process

Mitchell, D.~G.; Giacalone, J.; Allen, R.~C.; Hill, M.~E.; McNutt, R.~L.; McComas, D.~J.; Szalay, J.~R.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Bale, S.~B.; Chaston, C.~C.; Pulupa, M.~P.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Kasper, J.~C.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Christian, E.~R.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Matthaeus, W.~H.;

Published by: \apjs      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab63cc

Parker Data Used; 1491; 310; 1496; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Observations of Energetic-particle Population Enhancements along Intermittent Structures near the Sun from the Parker Solar Probe

Observations at 1 au have confirmed that enhancements in measured energetic-particle (EP) fluxes are statistically associated with "rough" magnetic fields, i.e., fields with atypically large spatial derivatives or increments, as measured by the Partial Variance of Increments (PVI) method. One way to interpret this observation is as an association of the EPs with trapping or channeling within magnetic flux tubes, possibly near their boundaries. However, it remains unclear whether this association is a transport or local ef ...

Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Matthaeus, W.; Parashar, T.; Chhiber, R.; Ruffolo, D.; Goldstein, M.; Maruca, B.; Chasapis, A.; Qudsi, R.; McComas, D.; Christian, E.; Szalay, J.; Joyce, C.; Giacalone, J.; Schwadron, N.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; Wiedenbeck, M.; McNutt, R.; Desai, M.; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Velli, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6220

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Observations of Heating along Intermittent Structures in the Inner Heliosphere from PSP Data

The solar wind proton temperature at 1 au has been found to be correlated with small-scale intermittent magnetic structures, i.e., regions with enhanced temperature are associated with coherent structures, such as current sheets. Using Parker Solar Probe data from the first encounter, we study this association using measurements of the radial proton temperature, employing the partial variance of increments (PVI) technique to identify intermittent magnetic structures. We observe that the probability density functions of hi ...

Qudsi, R.; Maruca, B.; Matthaeus, W.; Parashar, T.; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Chhiber, R.; Chasapis, A.; Goldstein, Melvyn; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Velli, M.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5c19

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Observations of the 2019 April 4 Solar Energetic Particle Event at the Parker Solar Probe

A solar energetic particle event was detected by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS☉IS) instrument suite on Parker Solar Probe (PSP) on 2019 April 4 when the spacecraft was inside of 0.17 au and less than 1 day before its second perihelion, providing an opportunity to study solar particle acceleration and transport unprecedentedly close to the source. The event was very small, with peak 1 MeV proton intensities of ̃0.3 particles (cm2 sr s MeV)-1, and was undetectable above backgro ...

Leske, R.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Joyce, C.; Krimigis, S.; Labrador, A.; Malandraki, O.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Posner, A.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Schwadron, N.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Vourlidas, A.; Bale, S.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Allen, R.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Livi, R.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Poduval, B.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5712

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Plasma Waves near the Electron Cyclotron Frequency in the Near-Sun Solar Wind

Data from the first two orbits of the Sun by Parker Solar Probe reveal that the solar wind sunward of 50 solar radii is replete with plasma waves and instabilities. One of the most prominent plasma wave power enhancements in this region appears near the electron cyclotron frequency (fce). Most of this wave power is concentrated in electric field fluctuations near 0.7 fce and fce, with strong harmonics of both frequencies extending above fce. At least two distinct, often concurre ...

Malaspina, David; Halekas, Jasper; c, Laura; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, John; de Wit, Thierry; Ergun, Robert; Howes, Gregory; Goetz, Keith; Goodrich, Katherine; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Case, Anthony; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4c3b

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Predicting the Solar Wind at the Parker Solar Probe Using an Empirically Driven MHD Model

Since its launch on 2018 August 12, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) has completed its first and second orbits around the Sun, having reached down to 35.7 solar radii at each perihelion. In anticipation of the exciting new data at such unprecedented distances, we have simulated the global 3D heliosphere using an MHD model coupled with a semi-empirical coronal model using the best available photospheric magnetograms as input. We compare our heliospheric MHD simulation results with in situ measurements along the PSP trajectory from ...

Kim, T.; Pogorelov, N.; Arge, C.; Henney, C.; Jones-Mecholsky, S.; Smith, W.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Whittlesey, P.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Klein, K.; Zank, G.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab58c9

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Properties of Suprathermal-through-energetic He Ions Associated with Stream Interaction Regions Observed over the Parker Solar Probe \textquoterights First Two Orbits

The Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS☉IS) suite on board NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed six distinct enhancements in the intensities of suprathermal-through-energetic (\~0.03-3 MeV nucleon-1) He ions associated with corotating or stream interaction regions (CIR or SIR) during its first two orbits. Our results from a survey of the time histories of the He intensities, spectral slopes, and anisotropies and the event-averaged energy spectra during these events show the follo ...

Desai, M.; Mitchell, D.; Szalay, J.; Roelof, E.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; McComas, D.; Christian, E.; Schwadron, N.; McNutt, R.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Joyce, C.; Cohen, C.; Ebert, R.; Dayeh, M.; Allen, R.; Davis, A.; Krimigis, S.; Leske, R.; Matthaeus, W.; Malandraki, O.; Mewaldt, R.; Labrador, A.; Stone, E.; Bale, S.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab65ef

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Radial Dependence of Proton-scale Magnetic Spectral Break in Slow Solar Wind during PSP Encounter 2

Magnetic field fluctuations in the solar wind are commonly observed to follow a power-law spectrum. Near proton-kinetic scales, a spectral break occurs that is commonly interpreted as a transition to kinetic turbulence. However, this transition is not yet entirely understood. By studying the scaling of the break with various plasma properties, it may be possible to constrain the processes leading to the onset of kinetic turbulence. Using data from the Parker Solar Probe, we measure the proton-scale break over a range of h ...

Duan, Die; Bowen, Trevor; Chen, Christopher; Mallet, Alfred; He, Jiansen; Bale, Stuart; Vech, Daniel; Kasper, J.; Pulupa, Marc; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab672d

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Relating Streamer Flows to Density and Magnetic Structures at the Parker Solar Probe

The physical mechanisms that produce the slow solar wind are still highly debated. Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP\textquoterights) second solar encounter provided a new opportunity to relate in situ measurements of the nascent slow solar wind with white-light images of streamer flows. We exploit data taken by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO), and the Wide Imager on Solar Probe to reveal for the first time a close link between imaged streamer flows and th ...

Rouillard, Alexis; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Vourlidas, Angelos; Kasper, Justin; Bale, Stuart; Raouafi, Nour-Edine; Lavraud, Benoit; Howard, Russell; Stenborg, Guillermo; Stevens, Michael; Poirier, Nicolas; Davies, Jackie; Hess, Phillip; Higginson, Aleida; Lavarra, Michael; Viall, Nicholeen; Korreck, Kelly; Pinto, Rui; Griton, Lea; eville, Victor; Louarn, Philippe; Wu, Yihong; Dalmasse, K\; enot, Vincent; Case, Anthony; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; Halekas, Jasper; Livi, Roberto; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Bonnell, J.; de Witt, Dudok; Penou, Emmanuel;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab579a

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Role of Alfv\ en Wave Dynamics on the Large-scale Properties of the Solar Wind: Comparing an MHD Simulation with Parker Solar Probe E1 Data

During Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights first orbit, the solar wind plasma was observed in situ closer than ever before, the perihelion on 2018 November 6 revealing a flow that is constantly permeated by large-amplitude Alfv\ enic fluctuations. These include radial magnetic field reversals, or switchbacks, that seem to be a persistent feature of the young solar wind. The measurements also reveal a very strong, unexpected, azimuthal velocity component. In this work, we numerically model the solar corona during this first ...

Réville, Victor; Velli, Marco; Panasenco, Olga; Tenerani, Anna; Shi, Chen; Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, J.; Stevens, Michael; Korreck, Kelly; Bonnell, J.; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Malaspina, David; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4fef

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Seed Population Preconditioning and Acceleration Observed by the Parker Solar Probe

A series of solar energetic particle (SEP) events was observed by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS☉IS) on the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during the period from 2019 April 18 through 24. The PSP spacecraft was located near 0.48 au from the Sun on Parker spiral field lines that projected out to 1 au within ̃25\textdegree of the near-Earth spacecraft. These SEP events, though small compared to historically large SEP events, were among the largest observed thus far in the PSP mission and provide critical i ...

Schwadron, N.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; de Wit, Dudok; de Wet, W.; Desai, M.; Joyce, C.; Goetz, K.; Giacalone, J.; Gorby, M.; Harvey, P.; Heber, B.; Hill, M.; Karavolos, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Leske, R.; Malandraki, O.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Mays, L.; Niehof, J.; Odstrcil, D.; Pulupa, M.; Poduval, B.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Stevens, M.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Winslow, R.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5527

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Sharp Alfv\ enic Impulses in the Near-Sun Solar Wind

Measurements of the near-Sun solar wind by the Parker Solar Probe have revealed the presence of large numbers of discrete Alfv\ enic impulses with an anti-sunward sense of propagation. These are similar to those previously observed near 1 au, in high speed streams over the Sun\textquoterights poles and at 60 solar radii. At 35 solar radii, however, they are typically shorter and sharper than seen elsewhere. In addition, these spikes occur in "patches" and there are also clear periods within the same stream when they do no ...

Horbury, Timothy; Woolley, Thomas; Laker, Ronan; Matteini, Lorenzo; Eastwood, Jonathan; Bale, Stuart; Velli, Marco; Chandran, Benjamin; Phan, Tai; Raouafi, Nour; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Pulupa, Marc; Klein, K.; de Wit, Thierry; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Case, A.; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Livi, Roberto;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5b15

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus



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