PSP Bibliography





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Found 109 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2021

Inferred Linear Stability of Parker Solar Probe Observations Using One- and Two-component Proton Distributions

The hot and diffuse nature of the Sun s extended atmosphere allows it to persist in non-equilibrium states for long enough that wave-particle instabilities can arise and modify the evolution of the expanding solar wind. Determining which instabilities arise, and how significant a role they play in governing the dynamics of the solar wind, has been a decades-long process involving in situ observations at a variety of radial distances. With new measurements from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we can study what wave modes are dr ...

Klein, K.; Verniero, J.; Alterman, B.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Lichko, E.; Livi, R.; McManus, M.; Martinovic, M.; Rahmati, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7a0

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma physics; 1534; 1544; 2089; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

The Ion Transition Range of Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe Observations

The scaling of the turbulent spectra provides a key measurement that allows us to discriminate between different theoretical predictions of turbulence. In the solar wind, this has driven a large number of studies dedicated to this issue using in situ data from various orbiting spacecraft. While a semblance of consensus exists regarding the scaling in the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and dispersive ranges, the precise scaling in the transition range and the actual physical mechanisms that control it remain open questions. Using ...

. Y. Huang, S; Sahraoui, F.; Andrés, N.; Hadid, L.; Yuan, Z.; He, J.; Zhao, J.; Galtier, S.; Zhang, J.; Deng, X.; Jiang, K.; Yu, L.; Xu, S.; . Y. Xiong, Q; . Y. Wei, Y; de Wit, Dudok; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abdaaf

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; Solar coronal heating; 1534; 830; 1989; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Evidence of Subproton Scale Magnetic Holes in the Venusian Magnetosheath

Depressions in magnetic field strength, commonly referred to as magnetic holes, are observed ubiquitously in space plasmas. Subproton scale magnetic holes with spatial scales smaller than or on the order of a proton gyroradius, are likely supported by electron current vortices, rotating perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field. While there are numerous accounts of subproton scale magnetic holes within the Earth s magnetosphere, there are few, if any, reported observations in other space plasma environments. We present the ...

Goodrich, Katherine; Bonnell, John; Curry, Shannon; Livi, Roberto; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Mozer, Forrest; Malaspina, David; Halekas, Jasper; McManus, Michael; Bale, Stuart; Bowen, Trevor; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Larson, Davin; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090329

Parker Data Used

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Alfv\ enic Waves and Ion-cyclotron Waves in a Small-scale Flux Rope

Shi, Chen; Zhao, Jinsong; Huang, Jia; Wang, Tieyan; Wu, Dejin; Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang; Kasper, Justin; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abdd28

Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma physics; 1534; 1544; 2089

Radial Evolution of a CIR: Observations From a Nearly Radially Aligned Event Between Parker Solar Probe and STEREO A

The addition of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to the Heliophysics System Observatory has allowed for the unprecedented ability to study Corotating Interaction Regions (CIRs) at multiple radial distances without significant temporal/longitudinal variations. On September 19, 2019, PSP observed a CIR at ∼0.5 au when it was nearly radially aligned with the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Ahead (STEREO A) spacecraft at ∼1 au, allowing for an unambiguous assessment of the radial evolution of a single CIR. Bulk plasma and ma ...

Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Mason, G.; Li, G.; Jian, L.; Vines, S.; Schwadron, N.; Joyce, C.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Desai, M.; Filwett, R.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Hill, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Lario, D.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Paulson, K.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL091376

Parker Data Used; CIRs; parker solar probe; Solar wind; STEREO; suprathermal ions

Kinetic-Scale Turbulence in the Venusian Magnetosheath

Bowen, T.~A.; Bale, S.~D.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Case, A.; Chasapis, A.; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Curry, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Gruesbeck, J.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.~R.; Howes, G.~G.; Kasper, J.~C.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Mallet, A.; McManus, M.~D.; Page, B.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.~L.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \grl      Published on: 01/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090783

Instability; kinetic; plasma; PSP; turbulence; Venus

Radial Evolution of a CIR: Observations From a Nearly Radially Aligned Event Between Parker Solar Probe and STEREO-A

Abstract The addition of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to the Heliophysics System Observatory has allowed for the unprecedented ability to study Corotating Interaction Regions (CIRs) at multiple radial distances without significant temporal/longitudinal variations. On September 19, 2019, PSP observed a CIR at ∼0.5 au when it was nearly radially aligned with the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory-Ahead (STEREO-A) spacecraft at ∼1 au, allowing for an unambiguous assessment of the radial evolution of a single CIR. Bulk pl ...

Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Mason, G.; Li, G.; Jian, L.; Vines, S.; Schwadron, N.; Joyce, C.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Desai, M.; Filwett, R.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Hill, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Lario, D.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Paulson, K.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL091376

Parker Data Used; CIRs; parker solar probe; Solar wind; STEREO; suprathermal ions

Evidence of Subproton-Scale Magnetic Holes in the Venusian Magnetosheath

Abstract Depressions in magnetic field strength, commonly referred to as magnetic holes, are observed ubiquitously in space plasmas. Subproton-scale magnetic holes with spatial scales smaller than or on the order of a proton gyroradius, are likely supported by electron current vortices, rotating perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field. While there are numerous accounts of subproton-scale magnetic holes within the Earth’s magnetosphere, there are few, if any, reported observations in other space plasma environments. We ...

Goodrich, Katherine; Bonnell, John; Curry, Shannon; Livi, Roberto; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Mozer, Forrest; Malaspina, David; Halekas, Jasper; McManus, Michael; Bale, Stuart; Bowen, Trevor; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Larson, Davin; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL090329

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe

Narrowband oblique whistler-mode waves: comparing properties observed by Parker Solar Probe at <0.3 AU and STEREO at 1 AU

Cattell, C.; Short, B.; Breneman, A.; Halekas, J.; Whittesley, P.; Larson, D.; Kasper, J.; Stevens, M.; Case, T.; , al;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039550"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Solar wind energy flux observations in the inner heliosphere: First results from Parker Solar Probe

Liu, M.; Issautier, K.; Meyer-Vernet, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Maksimovic, M.; Halekas, J.; Huang, J.; Griton, L.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039615"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Direct evidence for magnetic reconnection at the boundaries of magnetic switchbacks with Parker Solar Probe

Froment, C.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; de Wit, Dudok; Agapitov, O.; Fargette, N.; Lavraud, B.; Kretzschmar, M.; Jagarlamudi, V.; Larosa, A.; Velli, M.; Malaspina, D.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; , al;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039806"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Whistler wave occurrence and the interaction with strahl electrons during the first encounter of Parker Solar Probe

Jagarlamudi, V.K.; de Wit, Dudok; Froment, C.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Larosa, A.; Bercic, L.; Agapitov, O.; Halekas, J.S.; Kretzschmar, M.; Malaspina, D.; Moncuquet, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039808"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Alfvenic versus non-Alfvenic turbulence in the inner heliosphere as observed by Parker Solar Probe

Shi, C.; Velli, M.; Panasenco, O.; Tenerani, A.; eville, V.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Case, A.; Larson, D.; Verniero, J.; Livi, R.; Stevens, M.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039818"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The near-Sun streamer belt solar wind: turbulence and solar wind acceleration

Chen, C.; Chandran, B.; Woodham, L.; Jones, S.; Perez, J.; Bourouaine, S.; Bowen, T.; Klein, K.; Moncuquet, M.; Kasper, J.; Bale, S.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039872"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

2020

Turbulence Characteristics of Switchback and Nonswitchback Intervals Observed by Parker Solar Probe

We use Parker Solar Probe (PSP) in situ measurements to analyze the characteristics of solar wind turbulence during the first solar encounter covering radial distances between 35.7R and 41.7R. In our analysis we isolate so-called switchback (SB) intervals (folded magnetic field lines) from nonswitchback (NSB) intervals, which mainly follow the Parker spiral field. Using a technique based on conditioned correlation functions, we estimate the power spectra of Elsasser, magnetic, and bulk velocity fields separately in the SB an ...

Bourouaine, Sofiane; Perez, Jean; Klein, Kristopher; Chen, Christopher; Martinovic, Mihailo; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Raouafi, Nour;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS      Published on: 12/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abbd4a

Parker Data Used

The interpretation of data from the Parker Solar Probe mission: shear-driven transition to an isotropically turbulent solar wind

Goldstein, Melvyn; Ruffolo, D.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Chhiber, R.; Usmanov, A.~V.; Yang, Y.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Parashar, T.~N.; DeForest, E.; Wan, M.; Chasapis, A.; Maruca, B.~A.; Velli, M.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: Radiation Effects and Defects in Solids      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1080/10420150.2020.1845690

Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes in the First Two Parker Solar Probe Encounters

Small-scale magnetic flux ropes (SFRs) are a type of structure in the solar wind that possess helical magnetic field lines. In a recent report we presented the radial variations of the properties of SFRs from 0.29 to 8 au using in situ measurements from the Helios, Advanced Composition Explorer/WIND (ACE/Wind), Ulysses, and Voyager spacecrafts. With the launch of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we extend our previous investigation further into the inner heliosphere. We apply a Grad-Shafranov-based algorithm to identify SFRs du ...

Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang; Zhao, Lingling; Kasper, Justin; Bale, Stuart; Korreck, Kelly; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Bonnell, John; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Klein, Kristopher; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb820

Parker Data Used

Proton core behaviour inside magnetic field switchbacks

During Parker Solar Probe s first two orbits, there are widespread observations of rapid magnetic field reversals known as switchbacks. These switchbacks are extensively found in the near-Sun solar wind, appear to occur in patches, and have possible links to various phenomena such as magnetic reconnection near the solar surface. As switchbacks are associated with faster plasma flows, we questioned whether they are hotter than the background plasma and whether the microphysics inside a switchback is different to its surroundi ...

Woolley, Thomas; Matteini, Lorenzo; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Woodham, Lloyd; Laker, Ronan; Alterman, Benjamin; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; Kasper, Justin; Klein, Kristopher; Martinovic, Mihailo; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY      Published on: 11/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa2770

Parker Data Used

Plasma Double Layers at the Boundary Between Venus and the Solar Wind

Malaspina, D.~M.; Goodrich, K.; Livi, R.; Halekas, J.; McManus, M.; Curry, S.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.~R.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Pulupa, M.; Case, A.~W.; Kasper, J.~C.; Korreck, K.~E.; Larson, D.; Stevens, M.~L.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \grl      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090115

Parker Data Used; kinetic physics; Venus; bow shock; magnetosheath; double layer; solar wind interaction

Shear-driven Transition to Isotropically Turbulent Solar Wind Outside the Alfv\ en Critical Zone

Motivated by prior remote observations of a transition from striated\ solar\ coronal structures to more isotropic "flocculated" fluctuations, we propose that the dynamics of the inner\ solar\ wind just outside the Alfven critical zone, and in the vicinity of the first beta = 1 surface, is powered by the relative velocities of adjacent coronal magnetic flux tubes. We suggest that large-amplitude flow contrasts are magnetically constrained at lower altitude but shear-driven dynamics are triggered as such ...

Ruffolo, D.; Matthaeus, W.; Chhiber, R.; Usmanov, A.; Yang, Y.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Parashar, T.; Goldstein, M.; Deforest, C.; Wan, M.; Chasapis, A.; Maruca, B.; Velli, M.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb594

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Small Electron Events Observed by Parker Solar Probe/IS⊙IS during Encounter 2

The current understanding of the characteristics of\ solar\ and inner heliospheric electron events is inferred almost entirely from observations made by spacecraft located at 1 astronomical unit (au). Previous observations within 1 au of the Sun, by the Helios spacecraft at similar to 0.3-1 au, indicate the presence of electron events that are not detected at 1 au or may have merged during transport from the Sun.\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\textquoterights close proximity to the Sun at perihelion provid ...

Mitchell, J.; de Nolfo, G.; Hill, M.; Christian, E.; McComas, D.; Schwadron, N.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Cohen, C.; Joyce, C.; Kasper, J.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; MacDowall, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Pulupa, M.; Richardson, I.; Stevens, M.; Szalay, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb2a4

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Radio bursts; Solar energetic particles; solar flares; Solar particle emission; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus

The Solar Wind Angular Momentum Flux as Observed by Parker Solar Probe

he long-term evolution of the Sun\textquoterights rotation period cannot be directly observed, and is instead inferred from trends in the measured rotation periods of other Sun-like stars. Assuming the Sun spins down as it ages, following rotation rate proportional to age(-1/2), requires the current\ solar\ angular momentum (AM) loss rate to be around 6 x 10(30)erg. Magnetohydrodynamic models, and previous observations of the\ solar\ wind (from the Helios and Wind spacecraft), generally predict a value ...

Finley, Adam; Matt, Sean; eville, Victor; Pinto, Rui; Owens, Mathew; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Case, A.; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abb9a5

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar evolution; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar rotation; Solar wind; Stellar evolution; Stellar physics; Stellar rotation

The Origin of Switchbacks in the Solar Corona: Linear Theory

The origin, structure, and propagation characteristics of a switchback are compelling questions posed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations of velocity spikes and magnetic field reversals. By assuming interchange reconnection between coronal loop and open magnetic field, we show that this results in the generation of upward (into the heliosphere) and downward complex structures propagating at the fast magnetosonic speed (i.e., the Alfvén speed in the low plasma beta corona) that can have an arbitrary radial magnetic fiel ...

Zank, G.; Nakanotani, M.; Zhao, L.-L.; Adhikari, L.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb828

Parker Data Used; Active Solar Corona; Solar Coronal Waves; interplanetary turbulence

Understanding the origins of the heliosphere: integrating observations and measurements from Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter, and other space- and ground-based observatories

Context. The launch of\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\ (PSP) in 2018, followed by\ Solar\ Orbiter (SO) in February 2020, has opened a new window in the exploration of\ solar\ magnetic activity and the origin of the heliosphere. These missions, together with other space observatories dedicated to\ solar\ observations, such as the\ Solar\ Dynamics Observatory, Hinode, IRIS, STEREO, and SOHO, with complementary in situ observations from WIND and ACE, and ground based multi-w ...

Velli, M.; Harra, L.; Vourlidas, A.; Schwadron, N.; Panasenco, O.; Liewer, P.; Müller, D.; Zouganelis, I.; St Cyr, O.; Gilbert, H.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Auchère, F.; Berghmans, D.; Fludra, A.; Horbury, T.; Howard, R.; Krucker, S.; Maksimovic, M.; Owen, C.; iguez-Pacheco, Rodr\; Romoli, M.; Solanki, S.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; McComas, D.; Raouafi, N.; Martinez-Pillet, V.; Walsh, A.; De Groof, A.; Williams, D.;

Published by: Astronomy \& Astrophysics      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202038245

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; solar-terrestrial relations; Sun: atmosphere; Sun: corona; Sun: heliosphere; Sun: magnetic fields

Magnetic Field Dropouts at Near-Sun Switchback Boundaries: A Superposed Epoch Analysis

During Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights first close encounter with the Sun in early 2018 November, a large number of impulsive rotations in the magnetic field were detected within 50 Rs; these also occurred in association with short-lived impulsive solar wind bursts in speed. These impulsive features are now called "switchback" events. We examined a set of these switchbacks where the boundary transition into and out of the switchback was abrupt, with fast B rotations and simultaneous solar wind speed changes ...

Farrell, W.; MacDowall, R.; Gruesbeck, J.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab9eba

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; The Sun

Kinetic Scale Slow Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: Coexistence of Kinetic Alfv\ en Waves and Alfv\ en Ion Cyclotron Waves

The nature of the plasma wave modes around the ion kinetic scales in highly Alfv\ enic slow solar wind turbulence is investigated using data from the NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe taken in the inner heliosphere, at 0.18 au from the Sun. The joint distribution of the normalized reduced magnetic helicity σmRB, τ) is obtained, where θRB is the angle between the local mean magnetic field and the radial direction and τ is the temporal scale. Two populations around ion scales a ...

Huang, S; Zhang, J.; Sahraoui, F.; He, J.; Yuan, Z.; es, Andr\; Hadid, L.; Deng, X.; Jiang, K.; Yu, L.; Xiong, Q; Wei, Y; Xu, S.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab9abb

1261; 1534; 1544; 1693; 1873; 23; 711; 824; 830; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Constraining Ion-Scale Heating and Spectral Energy Transfer in Observations of Plasma Turbulence

We perform a statistical study of the turbulent power spectrum at inertial and kinetic scales observed during the first perihelion encounter of the Parker Solar Probe. We find that often there is an extremely steep scaling range of the power spectrum just above the ion-kinetic scales, similar to prior observations at 1 A.U., with a power-law index of around -4 . Based on our measurements, we demonstrate that either a significant (\>50 \%) fraction of the total turbulent energy flux is dissipated in this range of scales ...

Bowen, Trevor; Mallet, Alfred; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Case, Anthony; Chandran, Benjamin; Chasapis, Alexandros; Chen, Christopher; Duan, Die; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Halekas, Jasper; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, J.; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; McManus, Michael; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: Physical Review Letters      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.025102

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Proton Beams Simultaneous with Ion-scale Waves

Parker Solar Probe (PSP), NASA\textquoterights latest and closest mission to the Sun, is on a journey to investigate fundamental enigmas of the inner heliosphere. This paper reports initial observations made by the Solar Probe Analyzer for Ions (SPAN-I), one of the instruments in the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons instrument suite. We address the presence of secondary proton beams in concert with ion-scale waves observed by FIELDS, the electromagnetic fields instrument suite. We show two events from PSP\textquote ...

Verniero, J.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Rahmati, A.; McManus, M.; Pyakurel, Sharma; Klein, K.; Bowen, T.; Bonnell, J.; Alterman, B.; Whittlesey, P.; Malaspina, David; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Korreck, K.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; de Wit, Dudok;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab86af

Alfv\ en waves; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Plasma physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

Global Circulation of the Open Magnetic Flux of the Sun

The global circulation of the open magnetic flux of the Sun, the component of the solar magnetic field that opens into the heliosphere, and the consequences of the global circulation were proposed by Fisk and coworkers in the early 2000s. The Parker Solar Probe, on its initial encounters with the Sun, has provided direct confirmation of both the global circulation and the physical mechanism by which the circulation occurs, transport by interchange reconnection between open magnetic flux and large coronal loops. The implic ...

Fisk, L.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8acd

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Heliospheric Current Sheet and Plasma Sheet during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights First Orbit

We present heliospheric current sheet (HCS) and plasma sheet (HPS) observations during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first orbit around the Sun. We focus on the eight intervals that display a true sector boundary (TSB; based on suprathermal electron pitch angle distributions) with one or several associated current sheets. The analysis shows that (1) the main density enhancements in the vicinity of the TSB and HCS are typically associated with electron strahl dropouts, implying magnetic disconnection from the Su ...

Lavraud, B.; Fargette, N.; eville, V.; Szabo, A.; Huang, J.; Rouillard, A.; Viall, N.; Phan, T.; Kasper, J.; Bale, S.; Berthomier, M.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Eastwood, J.; enot, V.; Goetz, K.; Griton, L.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.; Kieokaew, R.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Larson, D.; Lavarra, M.; Livi, R.; Louarn, P.; MacDowall, R.; Maksimovic, M.; Malaspina, D.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Pinto, R.; Poirier, N.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Toledo-Redondo, S.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8d2d

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Localized Magnetic-field Structures and Their Boundaries in the Near-Sun Solar Wind from Parker Solar Probe Measurements

One of the discoveries of the Parker Solar Probe during its first encounters with the Sun is ubiquitous presence of relatively small-scale structures standing out as sudden deflections of the magnetic field. They were named "switchbacks" since some of them show a full reversal of the radial component of the magnetic field and then return to "regular" conditions. We carried out an analysis of three typical switchback structures having different characteristics: I. Alfv\ enic structure, where the variations of the magnetic ...

Krasnoselskikh, V.; Larosa, A.; Agapitov, O.; de Wit, Dudok; Moncuquet, M.; Mozer, F.; Stevens, M.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Froment, C.; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Revillet, C.; Velli, M.; Wygant, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab7f2d

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Electron Energy Partition across Interplanetary Shocks. III. Analysis

Wilson, Lynn; Chen, Li-Jen; Wang, Shan; Schwartz, Steven; Turner, Drew; Stevens, Michael; Kasper, Justin; Osmane, Adnane; Caprioli, Damiano; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Salem, Chadi; Goodrich, Katherine;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab7d39

Parker Data Used; 1534; 829; 310; 1997; 1544; 1261; 2089; 826; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Coronal Electron Temperature Inferred from the Strahl Electrons in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe and Helios Observations

The shape of the electron velocity distribution function plays an important role in the dynamics of the solar wind acceleration. Electrons are normally modeled with three components, the core, the halo, and the strahl. We investigate how well the fast strahl electrons in the inner heliosphere preserve the information about the coronal electron temperature at their origin. We analyzed the data obtained by two missions, Helios, spanning the distances between 65 and 215 RS, and Parker Solar Probe (PSP), reaching d ...

Bercic, Laura; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Maksimovic, Milan; Badman, Samuel; Landi, Simone; Matteini, Lorenzo; Bale, Stuart.; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab7b7a

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Sunward-propagating Whistler Waves Collocated with Localized Magnetic Field Holes in the Solar Wind: Parker Solar Probe Observations at 35.7 R Radii

Observations by the Parker Solar Probe mission of the solar wind at \~35.7 solar radii reveal the existence of whistler wave packets with frequencies below 0.1 fce (20-80 Hz in the spacecraft frame). These waves often coincide with local minima of the magnetic field magnitude or with sudden deflections of the magnetic field that are called switchbacks. Their sunward propagation leads to a significant Doppler frequency downshift from 200-300 to 20-80 Hz (from 0.2 to 0.5 fce). The polarization of these ...

Agapitov, O.; de Wit, Dudok; Mozer, F.; Bonnell, J.; Drake, J.; Malaspina, D.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Bale, S.; Whittlesey, P.; Case, A.; Chaston, C.; Froment, C.; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Stevens, M.; Wygant, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab799c

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Identification of Magnetic Flux Ropes from Parker Solar Probe Observations during the First Encounter

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) event during its first orbit around the Sun, among many other events. This event is analyzed by applying a wavelet analysis technique to obtain the reduced magnetic helicity, cross helicity, and residual energy, the first two of which are magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) invariants. Our results show that the ICME, as a large-scale magnetic flux rope, possesses high magnetic helicity, very low cross helicity, and highly negative residual energy, ...

Zhao, L.-L.; Zank, G.; Adhikari, L.; Hu, Q.; Kasper, J.; Bale, S.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Whittlesey, P.; Klein, K.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4ff1

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

MHD Mode Composition in the Inner Heliosphere from the Parker Solar Probe s First Perihelion

Field and plasma variations during the first perihelion pass of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) from 53 into 35 solar radii (R-S) from the Sun and over a frequency range in the spacecraft frame (f(SC)) from 0.0002 to 0.2 Hz are decomposed into constituent magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) modes. The analysis operates on measurements of the MHD variables recorded between impulsive, large amplitude rotations of the magnetic field to reveal the dominance of a broad spectrum of shear Alfven waves propagating antiparallel (backward) to the ...

Chaston, C.; Bonnell, J.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Pulupa, M.; de Wit, Dudok; Bowen, T.; Larson, D.; Whittlesey, P.; Wygant, J.; Salem, C.; MacDowall, R.; Livi, R.; Vech, D.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Korreck, K.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Malaspina, D.;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab745c

Parker Data Used

Ion-scale Electromagnetic Waves in the Inner Heliosphere

Understanding the physical processes in the solar wind and corona that actively contribute to heating, acceleration, and dissipation is a primary objective of NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission. Observations of circularly polarized electromagnetic waves at ion scales suggest that cyclotron resonance and wave-particle interactions are dynamically relevant in the inner heliosphere. A wavelet-based statistical study of circularly polarized events in the first perihelion encounter of PSP demonstrates that t ...

Bowen, Trevor; Mallet, Alfred; Huang, Jia; Klein, Kristopher; Malaspina, David; Stevens, Michael; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Case, Anthony; Chandran, Benjamin; Chaston, C.; Chen, Christopher; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Howes, Gregory; Kasper, J.; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; McManus, Michael; Pulupa, Marc; Verniero, J.; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6c65

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Parker Solar Probe In Situ Observations of Magnetic Reconnection Exhausts during Encounter 1

Magnetic reconnection in current sheets converts magnetic energy into particle energy. The process may play an important role in the acceleration and heating of the solar wind close to the Sun. Observations from Parker Solar Probe (PSP) provide a new opportunity to study this problem, as it measures the solar wind at unprecedented close distances to the Sun. During the first orbit, PSP encountered a large number of current sheets in the solar wind through perihelion at 35.7 solar radii. We performed a comprehensive survey ...

Phan, T.; Bale, S.; Eastwood, J.; Lavraud, B.; Drake, J.; Oieroset, M.; Shay, M.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; MacDowall, R.; Case, A.; Larson, D.; Kasper, J.; Whittlesey, P.; Szabo, A.; Korreck, K.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Horbury, T.; Livi, R.; Malaspina, D.; Paulson, K.; Raouafi, N.; Velli, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab55ee

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Kinetic-scale Spectral Features of Cross Helicity and Residual Energy in the Inner Heliosphere

In this work, we present the first results from the flux angle (FA) operation mode of the Faraday Cup instrument on board the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). The FA mode allows rapid measurements of phase space density fluctuations close to the peak of the proton velocity distribution function with a cadence of 293 Hz. This approach provides an invaluable tool for understanding kinetic-scale turbulence in the solar wind and solar corona. We describe a technique to convert the phase space density fluctuations into vector velocit ...

Vech, Daniel; Kasper, Justin; Klein, Kristopher; Huang, Jia; Stevens, Michael; Chen, Christopher; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Bale, Stuart; Bowen, Trevor; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Larson, Davin; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Bonnell, John; Harvey, Peter; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; MacDowall, Robert;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab60a2

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Magnetic Connectivity of the Ecliptic Plane within 0.5 au: Potential Field Source Surface Modeling of the First Parker Solar Probe Encounter

We compare magnetic field measurements taken by the FIELDS instrument on board Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first solar encounter to predictions obtained by potential field source surface (PFSS) modeling. Ballistic propagation is used to connect the spacecraft to the source surface. Despite the simplicity of the model, our results show striking agreement with PSP\textquoterights first observations of the heliospheric magnetic field from ̃0.5 au (107.5 R) down to 0.16 au (35.7 R). Furthe ...

Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart; Oliveros, Juan; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Stansby, David; Buitrago-Casas, Juan; eville, Victor; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4da7

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Magnetic Field Kinks and Folds in the Solar Wind

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations during its first encounter at 35.7 R have shown the presence of magnetic field lines that are strongly perturbed to the point that they produce local inversions of the radial magnetic field, known as switchbacks. Their counterparts in the solar wind velocity field are local enhancements in the radial speed, or jets, displaying (in all components) the velocity-magnetic field correlation typical of large amplitude Alfv\ en waves propagating away from the Sun. Switchbacks a ...

Tenerani, Anna; Velli, Marco; Matteini, Lorenzo; eville, Victor; Shi, Chen; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Klein, Kristopher; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab53e1

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Measures of Scale-dependent Alfv\ enicity in the First PSP Solar Encounter

The solar wind shows periods of highly Alfv\ enic activity, where velocity fluctuations and magnetic fluctuations are aligned or antialigned with each other. It is generally agreed that solar wind plasma velocity and magnetic field fluctuations observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during the first encounter are mostly highly Alfv\ enic. However, quantitative measures of Alfv\ enicity are needed to understand how the characterization of these fluctuations compares with standard measures from prior missions in the inner ...

Parashar, T.; Goldstein, M.; Maruca, B.; Matthaeus, W.; Ruffolo, D.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Chhiber, R.; Chasapis, A.; Qudsi, R.; Vech, D.; Roberts, D.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Velli, M.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab64e6

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

CME-associated Energetic Ions at 0.23 au: Consideration of the Auroral Pressure Cooker Mechanism Operating in the Low Corona as a Possible Energization Process

Mitchell, D.~G.; Giacalone, J.; Allen, R.~C.; Hill, M.~E.; McNutt, R.~L.; McComas, D.~J.; Szalay, J.~R.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Bale, S.~B.; Chaston, C.~C.; Pulupa, M.~P.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Kasper, J.~C.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Christian, E.~R.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Matthaeus, W.~H.;

Published by: \apjs      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab63cc

Parker Data Used; 1491; 310; 1496; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Observations of Energetic-particle Population Enhancements along Intermittent Structures near the Sun from the Parker Solar Probe

Observations at 1 au have confirmed that enhancements in measured energetic-particle (EP) fluxes are statistically associated with "rough" magnetic fields, i.e., fields with atypically large spatial derivatives or increments, as measured by the Partial Variance of Increments (PVI) method. One way to interpret this observation is as an association of the EPs with trapping or channeling within magnetic flux tubes, possibly near their boundaries. However, it remains unclear whether this association is a transport or local ef ...

Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Matthaeus, W.; Parashar, T.; Chhiber, R.; Ruffolo, D.; Goldstein, M.; Maruca, B.; Chasapis, A.; Qudsi, R.; McComas, D.; Christian, E.; Szalay, J.; Joyce, C.; Giacalone, J.; Schwadron, N.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; Wiedenbeck, M.; McNutt, R.; Desai, M.; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Velli, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6220

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Observations of Heating along Intermittent Structures in the Inner Heliosphere from PSP Data

The solar wind proton temperature at 1 au has been found to be correlated with small-scale intermittent magnetic structures, i.e., regions with enhanced temperature are associated with coherent structures, such as current sheets. Using Parker Solar Probe data from the first encounter, we study this association using measurements of the radial proton temperature, employing the partial variance of increments (PVI) technique to identify intermittent magnetic structures. We observe that the probability density functions of hi ...

Qudsi, R.; Maruca, B.; Matthaeus, W.; Parashar, T.; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Chhiber, R.; Chasapis, A.; Goldstein, Melvyn; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Velli, M.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5c19

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Observations of the 2019 April 4 Solar Energetic Particle Event at the Parker Solar Probe

A solar energetic particle event was detected by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS☉IS) instrument suite on Parker Solar Probe (PSP) on 2019 April 4 when the spacecraft was inside of 0.17 au and less than 1 day before its second perihelion, providing an opportunity to study solar particle acceleration and transport unprecedentedly close to the source. The event was very small, with peak 1 MeV proton intensities of ̃0.3 particles (cm2 sr s MeV)-1, and was undetectable above backgro ...

Leske, R.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Joyce, C.; Krimigis, S.; Labrador, A.; Malandraki, O.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Posner, A.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Schwadron, N.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Vourlidas, A.; Bale, S.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Allen, R.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Livi, R.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Poduval, B.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5712

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Plasma Waves near the Electron Cyclotron Frequency in the Near-Sun Solar Wind

Data from the first two orbits of the Sun by Parker Solar Probe reveal that the solar wind sunward of 50 solar radii is replete with plasma waves and instabilities. One of the most prominent plasma wave power enhancements in this region appears near the electron cyclotron frequency (fce). Most of this wave power is concentrated in electric field fluctuations near 0.7 fce and fce, with strong harmonics of both frequencies extending above fce. At least two distinct, often concurre ...

Malaspina, David; Halekas, Jasper; c, Laura; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, John; de Wit, Thierry; Ergun, Robert; Howes, Gregory; Goetz, Keith; Goodrich, Katherine; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Case, Anthony; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4c3b

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Predicting the Solar Wind at the Parker Solar Probe Using an Empirically Driven MHD Model

Since its launch on 2018 August 12, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) has completed its first and second orbits around the Sun, having reached down to 35.7 solar radii at each perihelion. In anticipation of the exciting new data at such unprecedented distances, we have simulated the global 3D heliosphere using an MHD model coupled with a semi-empirical coronal model using the best available photospheric magnetograms as input. We compare our heliospheric MHD simulation results with in situ measurements along the PSP trajectory from ...

Kim, T.; Pogorelov, N.; Arge, C.; Henney, C.; Jones-Mecholsky, S.; Smith, W.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Whittlesey, P.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Klein, K.; Zank, G.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab58c9

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Properties of Suprathermal-through-energetic He Ions Associated with Stream Interaction Regions Observed over the Parker Solar Probe \textquoterights First Two Orbits

The Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS☉IS) suite on board NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observed six distinct enhancements in the intensities of suprathermal-through-energetic (\~0.03-3 MeV nucleon-1) He ions associated with corotating or stream interaction regions (CIR or SIR) during its first two orbits. Our results from a survey of the time histories of the He intensities, spectral slopes, and anisotropies and the event-averaged energy spectra during these events show the follo ...

Desai, M.; Mitchell, D.; Szalay, J.; Roelof, E.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; McComas, D.; Christian, E.; Schwadron, N.; McNutt, R.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Joyce, C.; Cohen, C.; Ebert, R.; Dayeh, M.; Allen, R.; Davis, A.; Krimigis, S.; Leske, R.; Matthaeus, W.; Malandraki, O.; Mewaldt, R.; Labrador, A.; Stone, E.; Bale, S.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab65ef

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Radial Dependence of Proton-scale Magnetic Spectral Break in Slow Solar Wind during PSP Encounter 2

Magnetic field fluctuations in the solar wind are commonly observed to follow a power-law spectrum. Near proton-kinetic scales, a spectral break occurs that is commonly interpreted as a transition to kinetic turbulence. However, this transition is not yet entirely understood. By studying the scaling of the break with various plasma properties, it may be possible to constrain the processes leading to the onset of kinetic turbulence. Using data from the Parker Solar Probe, we measure the proton-scale break over a range of h ...

Duan, Die; Bowen, Trevor; Chen, Christopher; Mallet, Alfred; He, Jiansen; Bale, Stuart; Vech, Daniel; Kasper, J.; Pulupa, Marc; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab672d

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus



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