PSP Bibliography





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Found 41 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 41


2022

Switchbacks in the Young Solar Wind: Electron Evolution Observed inside Switchbacks between 0.125 au and 0.25 au

Switchbacks are localized deviations from the nominal Parker spiral field in the solar wind. In this study, we investigate the electron distributions inside switchbacks, focusing primarily on the suprathermal (halo and strahl) populations. We explore electron parameters in relation to the angle of rotation of the magnetic field from radial to determine whether electron distributions observed within switchbacks have any differences from those outside of switchbacks. Our observations reveal several trends in the suprathermal e ...

Nair, Raaman; Halekas, Jasper; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Berthomier, Matthieu; Kasper, Justin; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Bale, Stuart; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac88c4

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Solar corona; Solar magnetic fields; Solar Physics; 1534; 1544; 1483; 1503; 1476

Inhomogeneous Kinetic Alfv\ en Waves in the Near-Sun Solar Wind

Intervals of intense electromagnetic, broadband plasma waves are reported in the near-Sun solar wind. These waves are identified as kinetic Alfv\ en waves (KAWs), based on comparison between data and theory for their observed electric- to magnetic-field ratio, and magnetic compressibility, as a function of frequency. In contrast to KAW observations at 1 au, KAWs in the near-Sun solar wind are found to be spatially inhomogeneous, preferentially occurring where the ambient magnetic field experiences strong deviations from the ...

Malaspina, David; Chasapis, Alexandros; Tatum, Peter; Salem, Chadi; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, John; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Pulupa, Marc; Halekas, Jasper; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Larson, Davin;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac87a7

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Alfven waves; interplanetary turbulence; Space plasmas; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 23; 830; 1544; 1503

The Radial Evolution of the Solar Wind as Organized by Electron Distribution Parameters

We utilize observations from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to study the radial evolution of the solar wind in the inner heliosphere. We analyze electron velocity distribution functions observed by the Solar Wind Electrons, Alphas, and Protons suite to estimate the coronal electron temperature and the local electric potential in the solar wind. From the latter value and the local flow speed, we compute the asymptotic solar wind speed. We group the PSP observations by asymptotic speed, and characterize the radial evolution of t ...

Halekas, J.~S.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.~E.; Maksimovic, M.; Livi, R.; Berthomier, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Case, A.~W.; Stevens, M.~L.; Bale, S.~D.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Pulupa, M.~P.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac85b8

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Slow solar wind; Fast solar wind; 1534; 1873; 1872; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Solar Wind Energetic Proton Beams Produced by Magnetic Reconnection in the Near-Sun Heliospheric Current Sheet

We report observations of reconnection exhausts in the Heliospheric Current Sheet (HCS) during Parker Solar Probe Encounters 08 and 07, at 16 R$_s$ and 20 R$_s$, respectively. Heliospheric current sheet (HCS) reconnection accelerated protons to almost twice the solar wind speed and increased the proton core energy by a factor of \ensuremath\sim3, due to the Alfv\ en speed being comparable to the solar wind flow speed at these near-Sun distances. Furthermore, protons were energized to super-thermal energies. During E08, energ ...

Phan, T.~D.; Verniero, J.~L.; Larson, D.; Lavraud, B.; Drake, J.~F.; Oieroset, M.; Eastwood, J.~P.; Bale, S.~D.; Livi, R.; Halekas, J.~S.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Rahmati, A.; Stansby, D.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Szabo, P.~A.; Koval, A.; Desai, M.; Fuselier, S.~A.; Velli, M.; Hesse, M.; Pyakurel, P.~S.; Maheshwari, K.; Kasper, J.~C.; Stevens, J.~M.; Case, A.~W.; Raouafi, N.~E.;

Published by: \grl      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021GL096986

Parker Data Used; magnetic reconnection; Particle acceleration; Solar wind; parker solar probe; heliospheric current sheet

Core Electron Heating by Triggered Ion Acoustic Waves in the Solar Wind

Perihelion passes on Parker Solar Probe orbits 6-9 have been studied to show that solar wind core electrons emerged from 15 solar radii with a temperature of 55 \ensuremath\pm 5 eV, independent of the solar wind speed, which varied from 300 to 800 km s$^-1$. After leaving 15 solar radii and in the absence of triggered ion acoustic waves at greater distances, the core electron temperature varied with radial distance, R, in solar radii, as 1900R $^-4/3$ eV because of cooling produced by the adiabatic expansion. The coefficient ...

Mozer, F.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Cattell, C.~A.; Halekas, J.; Vasko, I.~Y.; Verniero, J.~L.; Kellogg, P.~J.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac5520

Parker Data Used; Solar corona; Solar wind; 1483; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Langmuir-Slow Extraordinary Mode Magnetic Signature Observations with Parker Solar Probe

Radio emission from interplanetary shocks, planetary foreshocks, and some solar flares occurs in the so-called plasma emission framework. The generally accepted scenario begins with electrostatic Langmuir waves that are driven by a suprathermal electron beam on the Landau resonance. These Langmuir waves then mode-convert to freely propagating electromagnetic emissions at the local plasma frequency f $_ pe $ and/or its harmonic 2f $_ pe $. However, the details of the physics of mode conversion are unclear, and so far the ...

Larosa, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Bale, S.~D.; Agapitov, O.; Bonnell, J.; Froment, C.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Halekas, J.; Kretzschmar, M.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, David; Moncuquet, M.; Niehof, J.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4e85

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Plasma physics; Space plasmas; 1534; 2089; 1544

Parker Solar Probe Evidence for the Absence of Whistlers Close to the Sun to Scatter Strahl and to Regulate Heat Flux

Using the Parker Solar Probe FIELDS bandpass-filter data and SWEAP electron data from Encounters 1 through 9, we show statistical properties of narrowband whistlers from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde16 R $_s$ to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde130 R $_s$, and compare wave occurrence to electron properties including beta, temperature anisotropy, and heat flux. Whistlers are very rarely observed inside \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde28 R $_s$ (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.13 au). Outside 28 R $_s$, they occur within a narrow ...

Cattell, C.; Breneman, A.; Dombeck, J.; Hanson, E.; Johnson, M.; Halekas, J.; Bale, S.~D.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Case, T.; Kasper, J.~C.; Larson, D.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac4015

Parker Data Used; 1534; 1261; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Plasma Parameters From Quasi-Thermal Noise Observed by Parker Solar Probe: A New Model for the Antenna Response

Quasi-Thermal Noise (QTN) spectroscopy is a reliable diagnostic routinely used for measuring electron density and temperature in space plasmas. The observed spectrum depends on both antenna geometry and plasma kinetic properties. Parker solar probe (PSP), launched in 2018, is equipped with an antenna system consisting of two linear dipoles with a significant gap between the antenna arms. Such a configuration, not utilized on previous missions, cannot be completely described by current models of the antenna response function. ...

c, Mihailo; c, Antonije; Klein, Kristopher; c, Milan; Issautier, Karine; Liu, Mingzhe; Pulupa, Marc; Bale, Stuart; Halekas, Jasper; McManus, Michael;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA030182

Parker Data Used; quasi-thermal noise; Solar wind; antenna response

Kinetic-scale Current Sheets in Near-Sun Solar Wind: Properties, Scale-dependent Features and Reconnection Onset

We present statistical analysis of 11,200 proton kinetic-scale current sheets (CS) observed by the Parker Solar Probe during 10 days around the first perihelion. The CS thickness {\ensuremath{\lambda}} is in the range from a few to 200 km with the typical value around 30 km, while current densities are in the range from 0.1 to 10 {\ensuremath{\mu}}A m$^{-2}$ with the typical value around 0.7 {\ensuremath{\mu}}A m$^{-2}$. These CSs are resolved thanks to magnetic field measurements at 73-290 samples s$^{-1}$ resolution. In te ...

Lotekar, A.~B.; Vasko, I.~Y.; Phan, T.; Bale, S.~D.; Bowen, T.~A.; Halekas, J.; Artemyev, A.~V.; Khotyaintsev, Yu.; Mozer, F.~S.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac5bd9

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

2021

The Evolution of Compressible Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere: PSP, THEMIS, and MAVEN Observations

The first computations of the compressible energy transfer rate from \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.2 up to \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde1.7 au is obtained using Parker Solar Probe (PSP), Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS), and Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) observations. Using a recently derived exact relation for isothermal magnetohydrodynamics turbulence, the compressible energy cascade rate, \ensuremath\varepsilon$_C$, is computed for hundred of events at differ ...

es, Andr\; Sahraoui, F.; Hadid, L.~Z.; Huang, S.~Y.; Romanelli, N.; Galtier, S.; DiBraccio, G.; Halekas, J.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac0af5

Solar wind; Fast solar wind; Slow solar wind; Interplanetary physics; 1534; 1872; 1873; 827; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Parker Data Used

Characteristic Scales of Magnetic Switchback Patches Near the Sun and Their Possible Association With Solar Supergranulation and Granulation

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data recorded within a heliocentric radial distance of 0.3 au have revealed a magnetic field dominated by Alfv\ enic structures that undergo large local variations or even reversals of the radial magnetic field. They are called magnetic switchbacks, they are consistent with folds in magnetic field lines within a same magnetic sector and are associated with velocity spikes during an otherwise calmer background. They are thought to originate either in the low solar atmosphere through magnetic reconnect ...

Fargette, Na; Lavraud, Benoit; Rouillard, Alexis; eville, Victor; de Wit, Thierry; Froment, Clara; Halekas, Jasper; Phan, Tai; Malaspina, David; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Louarn, Philippe; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Berthomier, Matthieu;

Published by: \apj      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1112

Solar wind; Solar Physics; Wavelet analysis; Supergranulation; Solar granulation; Solar magnetic fields; 1534; 1476; 1918; 1662; 1498; 1503; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Ambipolar Electric Field and Potential in the Solar Wind Estimated from Electron Velocity Distribution Functions

The solar wind escapes from the solar corona and is accelerated, over a short distance, to its terminal velocity. The energy balance associated with this acceleration remains poorly understood. To quantify the global electrostatic contribution to the solar wind dynamics, we empirically estimate the ambipolar electric field (E$_\ensuremath\parallel$) and potential (\ensuremath\Phi$_r,\ensuremath\infty$). We analyze electron velocity distribution functions (VDFs) measured in the near-Sun solar wind between 20.3 R$_S$ and 85.3 ...

Ber\vci\vc, Laura; c, Milan; Halekas, Jasper; Landi, Simone; Owen, Christopher; Verscharen, Daniel; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart.; Case, Anthony; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: \apj      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1f1c

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Collision processes; Space vehicle instruments; 1534; 1544; 826; 2065; 1548; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Evidence of Subproton Scale Magnetic Holes in the Venusian Magnetosheath

Depressions in magnetic field strength, commonly referred to as magnetic holes, are observed ubiquitously in space plasmas. Subproton scale magnetic holes with spatial scales smaller than or on the order of a proton gyroradius, are likely supported by electron current vortices, rotating perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field. While there are numerous accounts of subproton scale magnetic holes within the Earth s magnetosphere, there are few, if any, reported observations in other space plasma environments. We present the ...

Goodrich, Katherine; Bonnell, John; Curry, Shannon; Livi, Roberto; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Mozer, Forrest; Malaspina, David; Halekas, Jasper; McManus, Michael; Bale, Stuart; Bowen, Trevor; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Larson, Davin; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: \grl      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090329

Parker Data Used

The Electron Structure of the Solar Wind

Time-series measurements of the number density ncore and temperature Tcore of the core-electron population of the solar wind are examined at 1 AU and at 0.13 AU using measurements from the WIND and Parker Solar Probe spacecraft, respectively. A statistical analysis of the ncore and Tcore measurements at 1 AU finds that the core-electron spatial structure of the solar wind is related to the magnetic-flux-tube structure of the solar wind; this electron structure is characterized by jumps in the values of ncore and Tcore when p ...

Borovsky, Joseph; Halekas, Jasper; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2021.690005

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Heliosphere; interplanetary potential; Corona; Magnetic structure

Narrowband oblique whistler-mode waves: comparing properties observed by Parker Solar Probe at <0.3 AU and STEREO at 1 AU

\ Aims: Large amplitude narrowband obliquely propagating whistler-mode waves at frequencies of \raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde0.2 f$_ce$ (electron cyclotron frequency) are commonly observed at 1 AU, and they are most consistent with the whistler heat flux fan instability. We want to determine whether similar whistler-mode waves occur inside 0.3 AU and how their properties compare to those at 1 AU. \ Methods: We utilized the waveform capture data from the Parker Solar Probe Fields instrument from Encounters 1 through 4 to deve ...

Cattell, C.; Short, B.; Breneman, A.; Halekas, J.; Whittesley, P.; Larson, D.; Kasper, J.; Stevens, M.; Case, T.; , al;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039550"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Solar wind energy flux observations in the inner heliosphere: First results from Parker Solar Probe

\ Aims: We investigate the solar wind energy flux in the inner heliosphere using 12-day observations around each perihelion of Encounter One (E01), Two (E02), Four (E04), and Five (E05) of Parker Solar Probe (PSP), respectively, with a minimum heliocentric distance of 27.8 solar radii (R$_\ensuremath\odot$). \ Methods: Energy flux was calculated based on electron parameters (density n$_e$, core electron temperature T$_c$, and suprathermal electron temperature T$_h$) obtained from the simplified analysis of the plasma quasi-t ...

Liu, M.; Issautier, K.; Meyer-Vernet, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Maksimovic, M.; Halekas, J.; Huang, J.; Griton, L.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039615"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Sunward Electron Deficit: A Telltale Sign of the Sun s Electric Potential

As the Parker Solar Probe explores new regions of the inner heliosphere, it travels ever deeper into the electric potential of the Sun. In the near-Sun environment, a new feature of the electron distribution emerges, in the form of a deficit in the sunward suprathermal population. The lower boundary of this deficit forms a cutoff in phase space, at an energy determined by the electric potential drop between the observation point and the outer heliosphere. We explore the characteristics of the sunward deficit and the associat ...

Halekas, J.~S.; Ber\vci\vc, L.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.~E.; Livi, R.; Berthomier, M.; Kasper, J.~C.; Case, A.~W.; Stevens, M.~L.; Bale, S.~D.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Pulupa, M.~P.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac096e

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; The Sun; 1534; 1693

Parker Solar Probe Enters the Magnetically Dominated Solar Corona

The high temperatures and strong magnetic fields of the solar corona form streams of solar wind that expand through the Solar System into interstellar space. At 09:33 UT on 28 April 2021 Parker Solar Probe entered the magnetized atmosphere of the Sun 13 million km above the photosphere, crossing below the Alfv\ en critical surface for five hours into plasma in casual contact with the Sun with an Alfv\ en Mach number of 0.79 and magnetic pressure dominating both ion and electron pressure. The spectrum of turbulence below the ...

Kasper, J.~C.; Klein, K.~G.; Lichko, E.; Huang, Jia; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Badman, S.~T.; Bonnell, J.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; Rahmati, A.; Stansby, D.; Korreck, K.~E.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.~W.; Bale, S.~D.; Maksimovic, M.; Moncuquet, M.; Goetz, K.; Halekas, J.~S.; Malaspina, D.; Raouafi, Nour; Szabo, A.; MacDowall, R.; Velli, Marco; de Wit, Thierry; Zank, G.~P.;

Published by: \prl      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.255101

Parker Data Used

A Solar Source of Alfv\ enic Magnetic Field Switchbacks: In Situ Remnants of Magnetic Funnels on Supergranulation Scales

One of the striking observations from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft is the prevalence in the inner heliosphere of large amplitude, Alfv\ enic magnetic field reversals termed switchbacks. These $\delta B_R/B\sim \mathcal O (1$ ) fluctuations occur over a range of timescales and in patches separated by intervals of quiet, radial magnetic field. We use measurements from PSP to demonstrate that patches of switchbacks are localized within the extensions of plasma structures originating at the base of the corona. These ...

Bale, S.~D.; Horbury, T.~S.; Velli, M.; Desai, M.~I.; Halekas, J.~S.; McManus, M.~D.; Panasenco, O.; Badman, S.~T.; Bowen, T.~A.; Chandran, B.~D.~G.; Drake, J.~F.; Kasper, J.~C.; Laker, R.; Mallet, A.; Matteini, L.; Phan, T.~D.; Raouafi, N.~E.; Squire, J.; Woodham, L.~D.; Woolley, T.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac2d8c

Parker Data Used; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Electron Bernstein waves and narrowband plasma waves near the electron cyclotron frequency in the near-Sun solar wind

Context. Recent studies of the solar wind sunward of 0.25 AU reveal that it contains quiescent regions, with low-amplitude plasma and magnetic field fluctuations, and a magnetic field direction similar to the Parker spiral. The quiescent regions are thought to have a more direct magnetic connection to the solar corona than other types of solar wind, suggesting that waves or instabilities in the quiescent regions are indicative of the early evolution of the solar wind as it escapes the corona. The quiescent solar wind regions ...

Malaspina, D.; Wilson, L.; Ergun, R.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Goodrich, K.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Halekas, J.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Larson, D.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140449

Solar wind; plasmas; instabilities; waves; Parker Data Used

Prevalence of magnetic reconnection in the near-Sun heliospheric current sheet

During three of its first five orbits around the Sun, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) crossed the large-scale heliospheric current sheet (HCS) multiple times and provided unprecedented detailed plasma and field observations of the near-Sun HCS. We report the common detections by PSP of reconnection exhaust signatures in the HCS at heliocentric distances of 29.5-107 solar radii during encounters 1, 4, and 5. Both sunward and antisunward-directed reconnection exhausts were observed. In the sunward reconnection exhausts, PSP detected ...

Phan, T.; Lavraud, B.; Halekas, J.; Øieroset, M.; Drake, J.; Eastwood, J.; Shay, M.; Pyakurel, P.; Bale, S.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Whittlesey, P.; Rahmati, A.; Pulupa, M.; McManus, M.; Verniero, J.; Bonnell, J.; Schwadron, N.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Szabo, P.; Koval, A.; Korreck, K.; de Wit, Dudok; Malaspina, D.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039863

Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind; Sun: flares; Parker Data Used

Whistler wave occurrence and the interaction with strahl electrons during the first encounter of Parker Solar Probe


Aims: We studied the properties and occurrence of narrowband whistler waves and their interaction with strahl electrons observed between 0.17 and 0.26 au during the first encounter of Parker Solar Probe.
Methods: We used Digital Fields Board band-pass filtered (BPF) data from FIELDS to detect the signatures of whistler waves. Additionally parameters derived from the particle distribution functions measured by the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons (SWEAP) instrument suite were used to investigate the plasm ...

Jagarlamudi, V.; de Wit, Dudok; Froment, C.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Larosa, A.; Bercic, L.; Agapitov, O.; Halekas, J.; Kretzschmar, M.; Malaspina, D.; Moncuquet, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039808

waves; scattering; plasmas; Sun: heliosphere; magnetic fields; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Parker Solar Probe Evidence for Scattering of Electrons in the Young Solar Wind by Narrowband Whistler-mode Waves

Observations of plasma waves by the Fields Suite and of electrons by the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons Investigation on the Parker Solar Probe provide strong evidence for pitch angle scattering of strahl-energy electrons by narrowband whistler-mode waves at radial distances less than ∼0.3 au. We present two example intervals of a few hours each that include eight waveform captures with whistler-mode waves and 26 representative electron distributions that are examined in detail. Two were narrow, seventeen were cle ...

Cattell, C.; Breneman, A.; Dombeck, J.; Short, B.; Wygant, J.; Halekas, J.; Case, Tony; Kasper, J.; Larson, D.; Stevens, Mike; Whittesley, P.; Bale, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goodrich, K.; MacDowall, R.; Moncuquet, M.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abefdd

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics; Interplanetary physics; Interplanetary particle acceleration; 1534; 1544; 1261; 827; 826; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Whistlers in the Solar Vicinity That Are Spiky in Time and Frequency

Mozer, F.~S.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Halekas, J.~S.; Rahmati, A.; Schum, G.; Vasko, I.~V.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abce59

Solar wind; Solar Physics; Solar electromagnetic emission; 1534; 1476; 1490

Kinetic-Scale Turbulence in the Venusian Magnetosheath

Bowen, T.~A.; Bale, S.~D.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Case, A.; Chasapis, A.; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Curry, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Gruesbeck, J.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.~R.; Howes, G.~G.; Kasper, J.~C.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Mallet, A.; McManus, M.~D.; Page, B.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.~L.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \grl      Published on: 01/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090783

Instability; kinetic; plasma; PSP; turbulence; Venus

Evidence of Subproton-Scale Magnetic Holes in the Venusian Magnetosheath

Abstract Depressions in magnetic field strength, commonly referred to as magnetic holes, are observed ubiquitously in space plasmas. Subproton-scale magnetic holes with spatial scales smaller than or on the order of a proton gyroradius, are likely supported by electron current vortices, rotating perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field. While there are numerous accounts of subproton-scale magnetic holes within the Earth’s magnetosphere, there are few, if any, reported observations in other space plasma environments. We ...

Goodrich, Katherine; Bonnell, John; Curry, Shannon; Livi, Roberto; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Mozer, Forrest; Malaspina, David; Halekas, Jasper; McManus, Michael; Bale, Stuart; Bowen, Trevor; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Larson, Davin; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL090329

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe

2020

Magnetic increases with central current sheets: Observations with Parker Solar Probe

\ Aims: We report the observation by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) of magnetic structures in the solar wind that present a strong peak in their magnetic field magnitude with an embedded central current sheet. Similar structures have been observed, either at the Earth s magnetopause and called interlinked flux tubes, or in the solar wind and called interplanetary field enhancements. \ Methods: In this work, we first investigate two striking events in detail; one occurred in the regular slow solar wind on November 2, 2018 and the o ...

Fargette, N.; Lavraud, B.; Rouillard, A.; Eastwood, J.; Bale, S.; Phan, T.; Oieroset, M.; Halekas, J.; Kasper, J.; Berthomier, M.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Louarn, P.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039191"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Electron heat flux in the near-Sun environment

\ Aims: We survey the electron heat flux observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) in the near-Sun environment at heliocentric distances of 0.125-0.25 AU. \ Methods: We utilized measurements from the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons and FIELDS experiments to compute the solar wind electron heat flux and its components and to place these in context. \ Results: The PSP observations reveal a number of trends in the electron heat flux signatures near the Sun. The magnitude of the heat flux is anticorrelated with solar wind ...

Halekas, J.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; McGinnis, D.; Bale, S.; Berthomier, M.; Case, A.; Chandran, B.; Kasper, J.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Maksimovic, M.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2020     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039256"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Plasma Double Layers at the Boundary Between Venus and the Solar Wind

Malaspina, D.~M.; Goodrich, K.; Livi, R.; Halekas, J.; McManus, M.; Curry, S.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.~R.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Pulupa, M.; Case, A.~W.; Kasper, J.~C.; Korreck, K.~E.; Larson, D.; Stevens, M.~L.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \grl      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090115

Parker Data Used; kinetic physics; Venus; bow shock; magnetosheath; double layer; solar wind interaction

Constraining Ion-Scale Heating and Spectral Energy Transfer in Observations of Plasma Turbulence

We perform a statistical study of the turbulent power spectrum at inertial and kinetic scales observed during the first perihelion encounter of the Parker Solar Probe. We find that often there is an extremely steep scaling range of the power spectrum just above the ion-kinetic scales, similar to prior observations at 1 A.U., with a power-law index of around -4 . Based on our measurements, we demonstrate that either a significant (\>50 \%) fraction of the total turbulent energy flux is dissipated in this range of scales ...

Bowen, Trevor; Mallet, Alfred; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Case, Anthony; Chandran, Benjamin; Chasapis, Alexandros; Chen, Christopher; Duan, Die; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Halekas, Jasper; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, J.; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; McManus, Michael; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: Physical Review Letters      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.025102

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

The Heliospheric Current Sheet and Plasma Sheet during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights First Orbit

We present heliospheric current sheet (HCS) and plasma sheet (HPS) observations during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first orbit around the Sun. We focus on the eight intervals that display a true sector boundary (TSB; based on suprathermal electron pitch angle distributions) with one or several associated current sheets. The analysis shows that (1) the main density enhancements in the vicinity of the TSB and HCS are typically associated with electron strahl dropouts, implying magnetic disconnection from the Su ...

Lavraud, B.; Fargette, N.; Réville, V.; Szabo, A.; Huang, J.; Rouillard, A.; Viall, N.; Phan, T.; Kasper, J.; Bale, S.; Berthomier, M.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Eastwood, J.; enot, V.; Goetz, K.; Griton, L.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.; Kieokaew, R.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Larson, D.; Lavarra, M.; Livi, R.; Louarn, P.; MacDowall, R.; Maksimovic, M.; Malaspina, D.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Pinto, R.; Poirier, N.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Toledo-Redondo, S.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8d2d

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Anticorrelation between the Bulk Speed and the Electron Temperature in the Pristine Solar Wind: First Results from the Parker Solar Probe and Comparison with Helios

We discuss the solar wind electron temperatures Te as measured in the nascent solar wind by Parker Solar Probe during its first perihelion pass. The measurements have been obtained by fitting the high-frequency part of quasi-thermal noise spectra recorded by the Radio Frequency Spectrometer. In addition we compare these measurements with those obtained by the electrostatic analyzer discussed in Halekas et al. These first electron observations show an anticorrelation between Te and the wind bulk speed ...

Maksimovic, M.; Bale, S.; c, Ber\v; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.; Issautier, K.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Jagarlamudi, Krishna; Lahmiti, N.; Larson, D.; Lecacheux, A.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; c, M.; Meyer-Vernet, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Pulupa, M.; Salem, C.; Stevens, M.; ak, \v; Velli, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab61fc

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Electrons in the Young Solar Wind: First Results from the Parker Solar Probe

The Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons experiment on the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission measures the three-dimensional electron velocity distribution function. We derive the parameters of the core, halo, and strahl populations utilizing a combination of fitting to model distributions and numerical integration for ̃100,000 electron distributions measured near the Sun on the first two PSP orbits, which reached heliocentric distances as small as ̃0.17 au. As expected, the electron core density and temperature increa ...

Halekas, J.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; McGinnis, D.; Maksimovic, M.; Berthomier, M.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Stevens, M.; Klein, K.; Bale, S.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Malaspina, D.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4cec

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Plasma Waves near the Electron Cyclotron Frequency in the Near-Sun Solar Wind

Data from the first two orbits of the Sun by Parker Solar Probe reveal that the solar wind sunward of 50 solar radii is replete with plasma waves and instabilities. One of the most prominent plasma wave power enhancements in this region appears near the electron cyclotron frequency (fce). Most of this wave power is concentrated in electric field fluctuations near 0.7 fce and fce, with strong harmonics of both frequencies extending above fce. At least two distinct, often concurre ...

Malaspina, David; Halekas, Jasper; c, Laura; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, John; de Wit, Thierry; Ergun, Robert; Howes, Gregory; Goetz, Keith; Goodrich, Katherine; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Case, Anthony; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4c3b

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Relating Streamer Flows to Density and Magnetic Structures at the Parker Solar Probe

The physical mechanisms that produce the slow solar wind are still highly debated. Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP\textquoterights) second solar encounter provided a new opportunity to relate in situ measurements of the nascent slow solar wind with white-light images of streamer flows. We exploit data taken by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO), and the Wide Imager on Solar Probe to reveal for the first time a close link between imaged streamer flows and th ...

Rouillard, Alexis; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Vourlidas, Angelos; Kasper, Justin; Bale, Stuart; Raouafi, Nour-Edine; Lavraud, Benoit; Howard, Russell; Stenborg, Guillermo; Stevens, Michael; Poirier, Nicolas; Davies, Jackie; Hess, Phillip; Higginson, Aleida; Lavarra, Michael; Viall, Nicholeen; Korreck, Kelly; Pinto, Rui; Griton, Lea; eville, Victor; Louarn, Philippe; Wu, Yihong; Dalmasse, K\; enot, Vincent; Case, Anthony; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; Halekas, Jasper; Livi, Roberto; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Bonnell, J.; de Witt, Dudok; Penou, Emmanuel;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab579a

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Solar Probe ANalyzers\textemdashElectrons on the Parker Solar Probe

Electrostatic analyzers of different designs have been used since the earliest days of the space age, beginning with the very earliest solar-wind measurements made by Mariner 2 en route to Venus in 1962. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission, NASA\textquoterights first dedicated mission to study the innermost reaches of the heliosphere, makes its thermal plasma measurements using a suite of instruments called the Solar Wind Electrons, Alphas, and Protons (SWEAP) investigation. SWEAP\textquoterights electron PSP Analyzer (S ...

Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; Kasper, Justin; Halekas, Jasper; Abatcha, Mamuda; Abiad, Robert; Berthomier, M.; Case, A.; Chen, Jianxin; Curtis, David; Dalton, Gregory; Klein, Kristopher; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; Ludlam, Michael; Marckwordt, Mario; Rahmati, Ali; Robinson, Miles; Slagle, Amanda; Stevens, M.; Tiu, Chris; Verniero, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab7370

Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar coronal heating; Solar instruments; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

2019

Alfv\ enic velocity spikes and rotational flows in the near-Sun solar wind

Kasper, J.~C.; Bale, S.~D.; Belcher, J.~W.; Berthomier, M.; Case, A.~W.; Chandran, B.~D.~G.; Curtis, D.~W.; Gallagher, D.; Gary, S.~P.; Golub, L.; Halekas, J.~S.; Ho, G.~C.; Horbury, T.~S.; Hu, Q.; Huang, J.; Klein, K.~G.; Korreck, K.~E.; Larson, D.~E.; Livi, R.; Maruca, B.; Lavraud, B.; Louarn, P.; Maksimovic, M.; Martinovic, M.; McGinnis, D.; Pogorelov, N.~V.; Richardson, J.~D.; Skoug, R.~M.; Steinberg, J.~T.; Stevens, M.~L.; Szabo, A.; Velli, M.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Wright, K.~H.; Zank, G.~P.; MacDowall, R.~J.; McComas, D.~J.; McNutt, R.~L.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.~E.; Schwadron, N.~A.;

Published by: \nat      Published on: 12/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1813-z

Parker Data Used

Correcting Parker Solar Probe Electron Measurements for Spacecraft Magnetic and Electric Fields

The spacecraft body of the Parker Solar Probe may interfere with electron measurements in two ways. The first is the presence of several permanent magnets near the Solar Probe Analyzers (SPAN) instruments. The second is the widely varying spacecraft potential. We estimate the effect of these interferences by performing particle tracing simulations on electrons of various energies using a simplified model of the spacecraft potential and measurements of the magnetic fields. From this we can (1) estimate the individual and comb ...

McGinnis, Daniel; Halekas, Jasper; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; Kasper, Justin;

Published by: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS      Published on: 09/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026823

Parker Data Used

2015

Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons (SWEAP) Investigation: Design of the Solar Wind and Coronal Plasma Instrument Suite for Solar Probe Plus

The Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons (SWEAP) Investigation on Solar Probe Plus is a four sensor instrument suite that provides complete measurements of the electrons and ionized helium and hydrogen that constitute the bulk of solar wind and coronal plasma. SWEAP consists of the Solar Probe Cup (SPC) and the Solar Probe Analyzers (SPAN). SPC is a Faraday Cup that looks directly at the Sun and measures ion and electron fluxes and flow angles as a function of energy. SPAN consists of an ion and electron electrostatic ...

Kasper, Justin; Abiad, Robert; Austin, Gerry; Balat-Pichelin, Marianne; Bale, Stuart; Belcher, John; Berg, Peter; Bergner, Henry; Berthomier, Matthieu; Bookbinder, Jay; Brodu, Etienne; Caldwell, David; Case, Anthony; Chandran, Benjamin; Cheimets, Peter; Cirtain, Jonathan; Cranmer, Steven; Curtis, David; Daigneau, Peter; Dalton, Greg; Dasgupta, Brahmananda; DeTomaso, David; Diaz-Aguado, Millan; Djordjevic, Blagoje; Donaskowski, Bill; Effinger, Michael; Florinski, Vladimir; Fox, Nichola; Freeman, Mark; Gallagher, Dennis; Gary, Peter; Gauron, Tom; Gates, Richard; Goldstein, Melvin; Golub, Leon; Gordon, Dorothy; Gurnee, Reid; Guth, Giora; Halekas, Jasper; Hatch, Ken; Heerikuisen, Jacob; Ho, George; Hu, Qiang; Johnson, Greg; Jordan, Steven; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Lazarus, Alan; Li, Gang; Livi, Roberto; Ludlam, Michael; Maksimovic, Milan; McFadden, James; Marchant, William; Maruca, Bennet; McComas, David; Messina, Luciana; Mercer, Tony; Park, Sang; Peddie, Andrew; Pogorelov, Nikolai; Reinhart, Matthew; Richardson, John; Robinson, Miles; Rosen, Irene; Skoug, Ruth; Slagle, Amanda; Steinberg, John; Stevens, Michael; Szabo, Adam; Taylor, Ellen; Tiu, Chris; Turin, Paul; Velli, Marco; Webb, Gary; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Wright, Ken; Wu, S.; Zank, Gary;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 10/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-015-0206-3

Acceleration; Corona; Heating; Parker Data Used; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind plasma; SWEAP

2014

SPIE ProceedingsSolar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons (SWEAP) Science Operations Center initial design and implementation

Solar Probe Plus, scheduled to launch in 2018, is a NASA mission that will fly through the Sun\textquoterights atmosphere for the first time. It will employ a combination of in situ plasma measurements and remote sensing imaging to achieve the mission\textquoterights primary goal: to understand how the Sun\textquoterights corona is heated and how the solar wind is accelerated. The Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons (SWEAP) instrument suite consists of a Faraday cup and three electrostatic analyzers. In order to accom ...

Korreck, Kelly; Kasper, Justin; Case, Anthony; Daigneau, Peter; Bookbinder, Jay; Larson, Davin; Halekas, Jasper; Stevens, Michael; Ludlam, Micheal; Marchant, Will;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1117/12.2057314

Parker Data Used

2013

AIP Conference ProceedingsDesigning a sun-pointing Faraday cup for solar probe plus

The NASA Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission will be the first spacecraft to pass through the sub-Alfv\ enic solar corona. The objectives of the mission are to trace the flow of energy that heats and accelerates the solar corona and solar wind, to determine the structure and dynamics of the plasma and magnetic fields at the sources of the solar wind, and to explore mechanisms that accelerate and transport energetic particles. The Solar Wind Electrons, Alphas, and Protons (SWEAP) Investigation instrument suite on SPP will measu ...

Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Daigneau, P.; Caldwell, D.; Freeman, M.; Gauron, T.; Maruca, B.; Bookbinder, J.; Korreck, K.; Cirtain, J.; Effinger, M.; Halekas, J.; Larson, D.; Lazarus, A.; Stevens, M.; Taylor, E.; Wright, K.;

Published by:       Published on: 01/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1063/1.4811083

Parker Data Used



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