PSP Bibliography





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Found 113 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2021

Thin silicon solid-state detectors for energetic particle measurements. Development, characterization, and application on NASA s Parker Solar Probe mission

Context. Silicon solid-state detectors are commonly used for measuring the specific ionization, dE∕dx, in instruments designed for identifying energetic nuclei using the dE∕dx versus total energy technique in space and in the laboratory. The energy threshold and species resolution of the technique strongly depend on the thickness and thickness uniformity of these detectors.
Aims: Research has been carried out to develop processes for fabricating detectors that are thinner than 15 μm, that have a thickness uniform ...

Wiedenbeck, M.; Burnham, J.; Cohen, C.; Cook, W.; Crabill, R.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Kecman, B.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Rankin, J.; Rusert, M.; Stone, E.; Christian, E.; Goodwin, P.; Link, J.; Nahory, B.; Shuman, S.; von Rosenvinge, T.; Tindall, C.; Black, H.; Bullough, M.; Clarke, N.; Glasson, V.; Greenwood, N.; Hawkins, C.; Johnson, T.; Newton, A.; Richardson, K.; Walsh, S.; Wilburn, C.; Birdwell, B.; Everett, d.; McComas, D.; Weidner, S.; Angold, N.; Schwadron, N.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039754

instrumentation: detectors; Sun: particle emission; acceleration of particles; space vehicles: instruments; Parker Data Used

Magnetic field line random walk and solar energetic particle path lengths. Stochastic theory and PSP/IS⊙IS observations

Context. In 2020 May-June, six solar energetic ion events were observed by the Parker Solar Probe/IS⊙IS instrument suite at ≈0.35 AU from the Sun. From standard velocity-dispersion analysis, the apparent ion path length is ≈0.625 AU at the onset of each event.
Aims: We develop a formalism for estimating the path length of random-walking magnetic field lines to explain why the apparent ion path length at an event onset greatly exceeds the radial distance from the Sun for these events.
Methods: We developed ...

Chhiber, R.; Matthaeus, W.; Cohen, C.; Ruffolo, D.; Sonsrettee, W.; Tooprakai, P.; Seripienlert, A.; Chuychai, P.; Usmanov, A.; Goldstein, M.; McComas, D.; Leske, R.; Szalay, J.; Joyce, C.; Cummings, A.; Roelof, E.; Christian, E.; Mewaldt, R.; Labrador, A.; Giacalone, J.; Schwadron, N.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; Wiedenbeck, M.; McNutt, R.; Desai, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039816

turbulence; Solar wind; Sun: magnetic fields; diffusion; Sun: flares; acceleration of particles; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

A new view of energetic particles from stream interaction regions observed by Parker Solar Probe

Early observations from the first orbit of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) show recurrent stream interaction regions that form close to the Sun. Energetic particle enhancements were observed on the 320th-326th day of the year 2018, which corresponds to ~1-7 days after the passage of the stream interface between faster and slower solar wind. Energetic particles stream into the inner heliosphere to the PSP spacecraft near 0.33 au (71 solar radii) where they are measured by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS⊙IS). Th ...

Schwadron, N.; Joyce, C.; Aly, A.; Cohen, C.; Desai, M.; McComas, D.; Niehof, J.; Möbius, E.; Lee, M.; Bower, J.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; Davis, A.; de Wet, W.; Goetz, K.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Allen, R.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Leske, R.; Malandraki, O.; Matthaeus, W.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Pulupa, M.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039352

Sun: magnetic fields; Solar wind; Sun: heliosphere; shock waves; acceleration of particles; Parker Data Used

A new view of energetic particles from stream interaction regions observed by Parker Solar Probe

Early observations from the first orbit of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) show recurrent stream interaction regions that form close to the Sun. Energetic particle enhancements were observed on the 320th-326th day of the year 2018, which corresponds to ~1-7 days after the passage of the stream interface between faster and slower solar wind. Energetic particles stream into the inner heliosphere to the PSP spacecraft near 0.33 au (71 solar radii) where they are measured by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS⊙IS). Th ...

Schwadron, N.; Joyce, C.; Aly, A.; Cohen, C.; Desai, M.; McComas, D.; Niehof, J.; Möbius, E.; Lee, M.; Bower, J.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; Davis, A.; de Wet, W.; Goetz, K.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Allen, R.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Leske, R.; Malandraki, O.; Matthaeus, W.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Pulupa, M.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039352

Sun: magnetic fields; Solar wind; Sun: heliosphere; shock waves; acceleration of particles; Parker Data Used

Parker Solar Probe observations of He/H abundance variations in SEP events inside 0.5 au


Aims: The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) orbit provides an opportunity to study the inner heliosphere at distances closer to the Sun than previously possible. Due to the solar minimum conditions, the initial orbits of PSP yielded only a few solar energetic particle (SEP) events for study. Recently during the fifth orbit, at distances from 0.45 to 0.3 au, the energetic particle suite on PSP, Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS⊙IS), observed a series of six SEP events, adding to the limited number of SEP events ...

Cohen, C.; Christian, E.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Desai, M.; de Nolfo, G.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Mitchell, J.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Schwadron, N.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Vourlidas, A.; Bale, S.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039299

Sun: particle emission; Sun: activity; solar-terrestrial relations; Parker Data Used

Alfvénic versus non-Alfvénic turbulence in the inner heliosphere as observed by Parker Solar Probe

Context. Parker Solar Probe (PSP) measures the magnetic field and plasma parameters of the solar wind at unprecedentedly close distances to the Sun. These data provide great opportunities to study the early-stage evolution of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in the solar wind.
Aims: In this study, we make use of the PSP data to explore the nature of solar wind turbulence focusing on the Alfvénic character and power spectra of the fluctuations and their dependence on the distance and context (i.e., large-scale sol ...

Shi, C.; Velli, M.; Panasenco, O.; Tenerani, A.; Réville, V.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Malaspina, D.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Case, A.; Larson, D.; Verniero, J.; Livi, R.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Maksimovic, M.; Moncuquet, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039818

turbulence; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); Solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

The contribution of alpha particles to the solar wind angular momentum flux in the inner heliosphere

Context. An accurate assessment of the Sun s angular momentum (AM) loss rate is an independent constraint for models that describe the rotation evolution of Sun-like stars.
Aims: In situ measurements of the solar wind taken by Parker Solar Probe (PSP), at radial distances of ~28−55 R, are used to constrain the solar wind AM-loss rate. For the first time with PSP, this includes a measurement of the alpha particle contribution.
Methods: The mechanical AM flux in the solar wind protons (core and be ...

Finley, A.; McManus, M.; Matt, S.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Bale, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039288

Solar wind; stars: evolution; stars: winds; outflows; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used

Prevalence of magnetic reconnection in the near-Sun heliospheric current sheet

During three of its first five orbits around the Sun, Parker Solar Probe (PSP) crossed the large-scale heliospheric current sheet (HCS) multiple times and provided unprecedented detailed plasma and field observations of the near-Sun HCS. We report the common detections by PSP of reconnection exhaust signatures in the HCS at heliocentric distances of 29.5-107 solar radii during encounters 1, 4, and 5. Both sunward and antisunward-directed reconnection exhausts were observed. In the sunward reconnection exhausts, PSP detected ...

Phan, T.; Lavraud, B.; Halekas, J.; Øieroset, M.; Drake, J.; Eastwood, J.; Shay, M.; Pyakurel, P.; Bale, S.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Whittlesey, P.; Rahmati, A.; Pulupa, M.; McManus, M.; Verniero, J.; Bonnell, J.; Schwadron, N.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Szabo, P.; Koval, A.; Korreck, K.; de Wit, Dudok; Malaspina, D.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039863

Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind; Sun: flares; Parker Data Used

Detection of small magnetic flux ropes from the third and fourth Parker Solar Probe encounters

Context.
Aims: We systematically search for magnetic flux rope structures in the solar wind to within the closest distance to the Sun of ~0.13 AU, using data from the third and fourth orbits of the Parker Solar Probe.
Methods: We extended our previous magnetic helicity-based technique of identifying magnetic flux rope structures. The method was improved upon to incorporate the azimuthal flow, which becomes larger as the spacecraft approaches the Sun.
Results: A total of 21 and 34 magnetic flux ropes are ...

Zhao, L.; Zank, G.; Hu, Q.; Telloni, D.; Chen, Y.; Adhikari, L.; Nakanotani, M.; Kasper, J.; Huang, J.; Bale, S.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Whittlesey, P.; Klein, K.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039298

Solar wind; Sun: magnetic fields; turbulence; methods: observational; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Wave-particle energy transfer directly observed in an ion cyclotron wave

Context. The first studies with Parker Solar Probe (PSP) data have made significant progress toward understanding of the fundamental properties of ion cyclotron waves in the inner heliosphere. The survey mode particle measurements of PSP, however, did not make it possible to measure the coupling between electromagnetic fields and particles on the time scale of the wave periods.
Aims: We present a novel approach to study wave-particle energy exchange with PSP.
Methods: We used the Flux Angle operation mode of th ...

Vech, D.; Martinović, M.; Klein, K.; Malaspina, D.; Bowen, T.; Verniero, J.; Paulson, K.; de Wit, Dudok; Kasper, J.; Huang, J.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Mozer, F.; Goodrich, K.; Bale, S.; Whittlesey, P.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; Bonnell, J.; Harvey, P.; Goetz, K.; MacDowall, R.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039296

Solar wind; waves; turbulence; Physics - Space Physics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Parker Data Used

Whistler wave occurrence and the interaction with strahl electrons during the first encounter of Parker Solar Probe


Aims: We studied the properties and occurrence of narrowband whistler waves and their interaction with strahl electrons observed between 0.17 and 0.26 au during the first encounter of Parker Solar Probe.
Methods: We used Digital Fields Board band-pass filtered (BPF) data from FIELDS to detect the signatures of whistler waves. Additionally parameters derived from the particle distribution functions measured by the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons (SWEAP) instrument suite were used to investigate the plasm ...

Jagarlamudi, V.; de Wit, Dudok; Froment, C.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Larosa, A.; Bercic, L.; Agapitov, O.; Halekas, J.; Kretzschmar, M.; Malaspina, D.; Moncuquet, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039808

waves; scattering; plasmas; Sun: heliosphere; magnetic fields; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Periodicities in an active region correlated with Type III radio bursts observed by Parker Solar Probe

Context. Periodicities have frequently been reported across many wavelengths in the solar corona. Correlated periods of ~5 min, comparable to solar p-modes, are suggestive of coupling between the photosphere and the corona.
Aims: Our study investigates whether there are correlations in the periodic behavior of Type III radio bursts which are indicative of nonthermal electron acceleration processes, and coronal extreme ultraviolet (EUV) emission used to assess heating and cooling in an active region when there are no l ...

Cattell, Cynthia; Glesener, Lindsay; Leiran, Benjamin; Dombeck, John; Goetz, Keith; Oliveros, Juan; Badman, Samuel; Pulupa, Marc; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039510

Sun: radio radiation; Sun: corona; Sun: X-rays; gamma rays; Sun: oscillations; magnetic reconnection; radiation mechanisms: non-thermal; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Direct evidence for magnetic reconnection at the boundaries of magnetic switchbacks with Parker Solar Probe

Context. The first encounters of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) with the Sun revealed the presence of ubiquitous localised magnetic deflections in the inner heliosphere; these structures, often called switchbacks, are particularly striking in solar wind streams originating from coronal holes.
Aims: We report the direct piece of evidence for magnetic reconnection occurring at the boundaries of three switchbacks crossed by PSP at a distance of 45 to 48 solar radii to the Sun during its first encounter.
Methods: We anal ...

Froment, C.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; de Wit, Dudok; Agapitov, O.; Fargette, N.; Lavraud, B.; Larosa, A.; Kretzschmar, M.; Jagarlamudi, V.; Velli, M.; Malaspina, D.; Whittlesey, P.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; MacDowall, R.; Mozer, F.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039806

Sun: heliosphere; Solar wind; magnetic fields; magnetic reconnection; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Switchbacks: statistical properties and deviations from Alfvénicity

Context. Parker Solar Probe s first solar encounter has revealed the presence of sudden magnetic field deflections in the slow Alfvénic solar wind. These structures, which are often called switchbacks, are associated with proton velocity enhancements.
Aims: We study their statistical properties with a special focus on their boundaries.
Methods: Using data from SWEAP and FIELDS, we investigate particle and wavefield properties. The magnetic boundaries are analyzed with the minimum variance technique.
Res ...

Larosa, A.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; de Wit, Dudok; Agapitov, O.; Froment, C.; Jagarlamudi, V.; Velli, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039442

Solar wind; magnetic fields; waves; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics; Parker Data Used

Time evolution of stream interaction region energetic particle spectra in the inner heliosphere

We analyze an energetic proton event associated with a stream interaction region (SIR) that was observed at Parker Solar Probe on day 320 of 2018 when the spacecraft was just 0.34 AU from the Sun. Using the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite, we perform a spectral analysis of the event and show how the observed spectra evolve over the course of the event. We find that the spectra from the first day of the event are much more consistent with local acceleration at a weak compression, while spectra fro ...

Joyce, C.; McComas, D.; Schwadron, N.; Christian, E.; Wiedenbeck, M.; McNutt, R.; Cohen, C.; Leske, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Stone, E.; Labrador, A.; Davis, A.; Cummings, A.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; Roelof, E.; Allen, R.; Szalay, J.; Rankin, J.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Matthaeus, W.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: 06/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039330

acceleration of particles; Solar wind; magnetic fields; Parker Data Used

First Observations of Anomalous Cosmic Rays in to 36 Solar Radii

NASA s Parker Solar Probe mission continues to travel closer to the Sun than any prior human-made object, with an expected closest approach of <10 solar radii (<0.046 au) by 2024. On board, the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite makes unprecedented in situ measurements of energetic particles in the near-Sun environment. The current low level of solar activity offers a prime opportunity to measure cosmic rays closer to the Sun than ever before. We present the first observations of anomalous cosmic ra ...

Rankin, J.; McComas, D.; Leske, R.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Cummings, A.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Mewaldt, R.; Posner, A.; Schwadron, N.; Strauss, R.; Stone, E.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abec7e

cosmic rays; Solar wind; Heliosphere; Solar energetic particles; Solar Physics; solar cycle; Quiet Sun; Particle astrophysics; interplanetary magnetic fields; Plasma astrophysics; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Pickup ions; 329; 1534; 711; 1491; 1476; 1487; 1322; 96; 824; 1261; 826; 1239; Parker Data Used

Evolution of Solar Wind Turbulence from 0.1 to 1 au during the First Parker Solar Probe-Solar Orbiter Radial Alignment

The first radial alignment between Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter spacecraft is used to investigate the evolution of solar wind turbulence in the inner heliosphere. Assuming ballistic propagation, two 1.5 hr intervals are tentatively identified as providing measurements of the same plasma parcels traveling from 0.1 to 1 au. Using magnetic field measurements from both spacecraft, the properties of turbulence in the two intervals are assessed. Magnetic spectral density, flatness, and high-order moment scaling laws are ca ...

Telloni, Daniele; Sorriso-Valvo, Luca; Woodham, Lloyd; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Carbone, Francesco; Zank, Gary; Bruno, Roberto; Perrone, Denise; Nakanotani, Masaru; Shi, Chen; Amicis, Raffaella; De Marco, Rossana; Jagarlamudi, Vamsee; Steinvall, Konrad; Marino, Raffaele; Adhikari, Laxman; Zhao, Lingling; Liang, Haoming; Tenerani, Anna; Laker, Ronan; Horbury, Timothy; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; MacDowall, Robert; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Owen, Christopher; Livi, Stefano; Louarn, Philippe; Antonucci, Ester; Romoli, Marco; Brien, Helen; Evans, Vincent; Angelini, Virginia;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abf7d1

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; Alfven waves; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Solar wind; 1964; 23; 1544; 830; 1534

Parker Solar Probe Evidence for Scattering of Electrons in the Young Solar Wind by Narrowband Whistler-mode Waves

Observations of plasma waves by the Fields Suite and of electrons by the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons Investigation on the Parker Solar Probe provide strong evidence for pitch angle scattering of strahl-energy electrons by narrowband whistler-mode waves at radial distances less than ∼0.3 au. We present two example intervals of a few hours each that include eight waveform captures with whistler-mode waves and 26 representative electron distributions that are examined in detail. Two were narrow, seventeen were cle ...

Cattell, C.; Breneman, A.; Dombeck, J.; Short, B.; Wygant, J.; Halekas, J.; Case, Tony; Kasper, J.; Larson, D.; Stevens, Mike; Whittesley, P.; Bale, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goodrich, K.; MacDowall, R.; Moncuquet, M.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abefdd

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics; Interplanetary physics; Interplanetary particle acceleration; 1534; 1544; 1261; 827; 826; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Inferred Linear Stability of Parker Solar Probe Observations Using One- and Two-component Proton Distributions

The hot and diffuse nature of the Sun s extended atmosphere allows it to persist in non-equilibrium states for long enough that wave-particle instabilities can arise and modify the evolution of the expanding solar wind. Determining which instabilities arise, and how significant a role they play in governing the dynamics of the solar wind, has been a decades-long process involving in situ observations at a variety of radial distances. With new measurements from the Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we can study what wave modes are dr ...

Klein, K.; Verniero, J.; Alterman, B.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Lichko, E.; Livi, R.; McManus, M.; Martinovic, M.; Rahmati, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abd7a0

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma physics; 1534; 1544; 2089; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Radial Evolution of a CIR: Observations From a Nearly Radially Aligned Event Between Parker Solar Probe and STEREO A

The addition of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to the Heliophysics System Observatory has allowed for the unprecedented ability to study Corotating Interaction Regions (CIRs) at multiple radial distances without significant temporal/longitudinal variations. On September 19, 2019, PSP observed a CIR at ∼0.5 au when it was nearly radially aligned with the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Ahead (STEREO A) spacecraft at ∼1 au, allowing for an unambiguous assessment of the radial evolution of a single CIR. Bulk plasma and ma ...

Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Mason, G.; Li, G.; Jian, L.; Vines, S.; Schwadron, N.; Joyce, C.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Desai, M.; Filwett, R.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Hill, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Lario, D.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Paulson, K.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL091376

Parker Data Used; CIRs; parker solar probe; Solar wind; STEREO; suprathermal ions

Radial Evolution of a CIR: Observations From a Nearly Radially Aligned Event Between Parker Solar Probe and STEREO A

The addition of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to the Heliophysics System Observatory has allowed for the unprecedented ability to study Corotating Interaction Regions (CIRs) at multiple radial distances without significant temporal/longitudinal variations. On September 19, 2019, PSP observed a CIR at ∼0.5 au when it was nearly radially aligned with the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Ahead (STEREO A) spacecraft at ∼1 au, allowing for an unambiguous assessment of the radial evolution of a single CIR. Bulk plasma and ma ...

Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Mason, G.; Li, G.; Jian, L.; Vines, S.; Schwadron, N.; Joyce, C.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Desai, M.; Filwett, R.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Hill, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Lario, D.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Paulson, K.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Wiedenbeck, M.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 02/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL091376

Parker Data Used; CIRs; parker solar probe; Solar wind; STEREO; suprathermal ions

Kinetic-Scale Turbulence in the Venusian Magnetosheath

Bowen, T.~A.; Bale, S.~D.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Case, A.; Chasapis, A.; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Curry, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Gruesbeck, J.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.~R.; Howes, G.~G.; Kasper, J.~C.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Mallet, A.; McManus, M.~D.; Page, B.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.~L.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \grl      Published on: 01/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090783

Instability; kinetic; plasma; PSP; turbulence; Venus

Kinetic-Scale Turbulence in the Venusian Magnetosheath

Bowen, T.~A.; Bale, S.~D.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Bonnell, J.~W.; Case, A.; Chasapis, A.; Chen, C.~H.~K.; Curry, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Gruesbeck, J.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.~R.; Howes, G.~G.; Kasper, J.~C.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Malaspina, D.~M.; Mallet, A.; McManus, M.~D.; Page, B.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.~L.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \grl      Published on: 01/2021

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090783

Instability; kinetic; plasma; PSP; turbulence; Venus

Alfvenic versus non-Alfvenic turbulence in the inner heliosphere as observed by Parker Solar Probe

Shi, C.; Velli, M.; Panasenco, O.; Tenerani, A.; eville, V.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Case, A.; Larson, D.; Verniero, J.; Livi, R.; Stevens, M.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039818"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

2020

Plasma Double Layers at the Boundary Between Venus and the Solar Wind

Malaspina, D.~M.; Goodrich, K.; Livi, R.; Halekas, J.; McManus, M.; Curry, S.; Bale, S.~D.; Bonnell, J.~W.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.~R.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Pulupa, M.; Case, A.~W.; Kasper, J.~C.; Korreck, K.~E.; Larson, D.; Stevens, M.~L.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: \grl      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL090115

Parker Data Used; kinetic physics; Venus; bow shock; magnetosheath; double layer; solar wind interaction

Small Electron Events Observed by Parker Solar Probe/IS⊙IS during Encounter 2

The current understanding of the characteristics of\ solar\ and inner heliospheric electron events is inferred almost entirely from observations made by spacecraft located at 1 astronomical unit (au). Previous observations within 1 au of the Sun, by the Helios spacecraft at similar to 0.3-1 au, indicate the presence of electron events that are not detected at 1 au or may have merged during transport from the Sun.\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\textquoterights close proximity to the Sun at perihelion provid ...

Mitchell, J.; de Nolfo, G.; Hill, M.; Christian, E.; McComas, D.; Schwadron, N.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Cohen, C.; Joyce, C.; Kasper, J.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; MacDowall, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Pulupa, M.; Richardson, I.; Stevens, M.; Szalay, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb2a4

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Radio bursts; Solar energetic particles; solar flares; Solar particle emission; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus

The Solar Wind Angular Momentum Flux as Observed by Parker Solar Probe

he long-term evolution of the Sun\textquoterights rotation period cannot be directly observed, and is instead inferred from trends in the measured rotation periods of other Sun-like stars. Assuming the Sun spins down as it ages, following rotation rate proportional to age(-1/2), requires the current\ solar\ angular momentum (AM) loss rate to be around 6 x 10(30)erg. Magnetohydrodynamic models, and previous observations of the\ solar\ wind (from the Helios and Wind spacecraft), generally predict a value ...

Finley, Adam; Matt, Sean; eville, Victor; Pinto, Rui; Owens, Mathew; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Case, A.; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abb9a5

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar evolution; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar rotation; Solar wind; Stellar evolution; Stellar physics; Stellar rotation

Magnetic Field Dropouts at Near-Sun Switchback Boundaries: A Superposed Epoch Analysis

During Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights first close encounter with the Sun in early 2018 November, a large number of impulsive rotations in the magnetic field were detected within 50 Rs; these also occurred in association with short-lived impulsive solar wind bursts in speed. These impulsive features are now called "switchback" events. We examined a set of these switchbacks where the boundary transition into and out of the switchback was abrupt, with fast B rotations and simultaneous solar wind speed changes ...

Farrell, W.; MacDowall, R.; Gruesbeck, J.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab9eba

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; The Sun

Constraining Ion-Scale Heating and Spectral Energy Transfer in Observations of Plasma Turbulence

We perform a statistical study of the turbulent power spectrum at inertial and kinetic scales observed during the first perihelion encounter of the Parker Solar Probe. We find that often there is an extremely steep scaling range of the power spectrum just above the ion-kinetic scales, similar to prior observations at 1 A.U., with a power-law index of around -4 . Based on our measurements, we demonstrate that either a significant (\>50 \%) fraction of the total turbulent energy flux is dissipated in this range of scales ...

Bowen, Trevor; Mallet, Alfred; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Case, Anthony; Chandran, Benjamin; Chasapis, Alexandros; Chen, Christopher; Duan, Die; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Halekas, Jasper; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, J.; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; McManus, Michael; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: Physical Review Letters      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.025102

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

The Heliospheric Current Sheet and Plasma Sheet during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights First Orbit

We present heliospheric current sheet (HCS) and plasma sheet (HPS) observations during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first orbit around the Sun. We focus on the eight intervals that display a true sector boundary (TSB; based on suprathermal electron pitch angle distributions) with one or several associated current sheets. The analysis shows that (1) the main density enhancements in the vicinity of the TSB and HCS are typically associated with electron strahl dropouts, implying magnetic disconnection from the Su ...

Lavraud, B.; Fargette, N.; eville, V.; Szabo, A.; Huang, J.; Rouillard, A.; Viall, N.; Phan, T.; Kasper, J.; Bale, S.; Berthomier, M.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Eastwood, J.; enot, V.; Goetz, K.; Griton, L.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.; Kieokaew, R.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Larson, D.; Lavarra, M.; Livi, R.; Louarn, P.; MacDowall, R.; Maksimovic, M.; Malaspina, D.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Pinto, R.; Poirier, N.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Toledo-Redondo, S.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8d2d

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

A Merged Search-Coil and Fluxgate Magnetometer Data Product for Parker Solar Probe FIELDS

NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission is currently investigating the local plasma environment of the inner heliosphere (\<0.25 R) using both in situ and remote sensing instrumentation. Connecting signatures of microphysical particle heating and acceleration processes to macroscale heliospheric structure requires sensitive measurements of electromagnetic fields over a large range of physical scales. The FIELDS instrument, which provides PSP with in situ measurements of electromagnetic field ...

Bowen, T.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Gruesbeck, J.; Harvey, P.; Jannet, G.; Koval, A.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Sheppard, D.; Szabo, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA027813

Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Proton Beams Simultaneous with Ion-scale Waves

Parker Solar Probe (PSP), NASA\textquoterights latest and closest mission to the Sun, is on a journey to investigate fundamental enigmas of the inner heliosphere. This paper reports initial observations made by the Solar Probe Analyzer for Ions (SPAN-I), one of the instruments in the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons instrument suite. We address the presence of secondary proton beams in concert with ion-scale waves observed by FIELDS, the electromagnetic fields instrument suite. We show two events from PSP\textquote ...

Verniero, J.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Rahmati, A.; McManus, M.; Pyakurel, Sharma; Klein, K.; Bowen, T.; Bonnell, J.; Alterman, B.; Whittlesey, P.; Malaspina, David; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Korreck, K.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; de Wit, Dudok;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab86af

Alfv\ en waves; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Plasma physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

Coronal Electron Temperature Inferred from the Strahl Electrons in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe and Helios Observations

The shape of the electron velocity distribution function plays an important role in the dynamics of the solar wind acceleration. Electrons are normally modeled with three components, the core, the halo, and the strahl. We investigate how well the fast strahl electrons in the inner heliosphere preserve the information about the coronal electron temperature at their origin. We analyzed the data obtained by two missions, Helios, spanning the distances between 65 and 215 RS, and Parker Solar Probe (PSP), reaching d ...

Bercic, Laura; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Maksimovic, Milan; Badman, Samuel; Landi, Simone; Matteini, Lorenzo; Bale, Stuart.; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab7b7a

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Sunward-propagating Whistler Waves Collocated with Localized Magnetic Field Holes in the Solar Wind: Parker Solar Probe Observations at 35.7 R Radii

Observations by the Parker Solar Probe mission of the solar wind at \~35.7 solar radii reveal the existence of whistler wave packets with frequencies below 0.1 fce (20-80 Hz in the spacecraft frame). These waves often coincide with local minima of the magnetic field magnitude or with sudden deflections of the magnetic field that are called switchbacks. Their sunward propagation leads to a significant Doppler frequency downshift from 200-300 to 20-80 Hz (from 0.2 to 0.5 fce). The polarization of these ...

Agapitov, O.; de Wit, Dudok; Mozer, F.; Bonnell, J.; Drake, J.; Malaspina, D.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Bale, S.; Whittlesey, P.; Case, A.; Chaston, C.; Froment, C.; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Stevens, M.; Wygant, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab799c

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Proton Temperature Anisotropy Variations in Inner Heliosphere Estimated with the First Parker Solar Probe Observations

We present a technique for deriving the temperature anisotropy of solar wind protons observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission in the near-Sun solar wind. The radial proton temperature measured by the Solar Wind Electrons, Alphas, and Protons (SWEAP) Solar Probe Cup is compared with the orientation of local magnetic field measured by the FIELDS fluxgate magnetometer, and the proton temperatures parallel and perpendicular to the magnetic field are extracted. This procedure is applied to different data products, and the ...

Huang, Jia; Kasper, J.; Vech, D.; Klein, K.; Stevens, M.; Martinovic, Mihailo; Alterman, B.; Durovcova, Tereza; Paulson, Kristoff; Maruca, Bennett; Qudsi, Ramiz; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Jian, Lan; Velli, Marco; Lavraud, B.; Hegedus, A.; Bert, C.; Holmes, J.; Bale, Stuart; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Whittlesey, P.; Pulupa, Marc; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Bonnell, John; Harvey, Peter; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab74e0

Parker Data Used

Analysis of the Internal Structure of the Streamer Blowout Observed by the Parker Solar Probe During the First Solar Encounter

In this paper, we present an analysis of the internal structure of a coronal mass ejection (CME) detected by in situ instruments on board the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft during its first solar encounter. On 2018 November 11 at 23:53 UT, the FIELDS magnetometer measured an increase in strength of the magnetic field as well as a coherent change in the field direction. The SWEAP instrument simultaneously detected a low proton temperature and signatures of bidirectionality in the electron pitch angle distribution (PAD ...

Nieves-Chinchilla, Teresa; Szabo, Adam; Korreck, Kelly; Alzate, Nathalia; Balmaceda, Laura; Lavraud, Benoit; Paulson, Kristoff; Narock, Ayris; Wallace, Samantha; Jian, Lan; Luhmann, Janet; Morgan, Huw; Higginson, Aleida; Arge, Charles; Bale, Stuart; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Giacalone, Joe; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Jones-Melosky, Shaela; Kasper, J.; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; McComas, David; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Raouafi, Nour; Schwadron, Nathan; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab61f5

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Anticorrelation between the Bulk Speed and the Electron Temperature in the Pristine Solar Wind: First Results from the Parker Solar Probe and Comparison with Helios

We discuss the solar wind electron temperatures Te as measured in the nascent solar wind by Parker Solar Probe during its first perihelion pass. The measurements have been obtained by fitting the high-frequency part of quasi-thermal noise spectra recorded by the Radio Frequency Spectrometer. In addition we compare these measurements with those obtained by the electrostatic analyzer discussed in Halekas et al. These first electron observations show an anticorrelation between Te and the wind bulk speed ...

Maksimovic, M.; Bale, S.; c, Ber\v; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.; Issautier, K.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Jagarlamudi, Krishna; Lahmiti, N.; Larson, D.; Lecacheux, A.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; c, M.; Meyer-Vernet, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Pulupa, M.; Salem, C.; Stevens, M.; ak, \v; Velli, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab61fc

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Clustering of Intermittent Magnetic and Flow Structures near Parker Solar Probe \textquoterights First Perihelion\textemdashA Partial-variance-of-increments Analysis

During the Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first perihelion pass, the spacecraft reached within a heliocentric distance of ̃37 R and observed numerous magnetic and flow structures characterized by sharp gradients. To better understand these intermittent structures in the young solar wind, an important property to examine is their degree of correlation in time and space. To this end, we use the well-tested partial variance of increments (PVI) technique to identify intermittent events in FIELDS and S ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Goldstein, M; Maruca, B.; Chasapis, A.; Matthaeus, W.; Ruffolo, D.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Parashar, T.; Qudsi, R.; de Wit, Dudok; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Velli, M.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab53d2

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Cross Helicity Reversals in Magnetic Switchbacks

We consider 2D joint distributions of normalized residual energy, σr(s, t), and cross helicity, σc(s, t), during one day of Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP\textquoterights) first encounter as a function of wavelet scale s. The broad features of the distributions are similar to previous observations made by Helios in slow solar wind, namely well-correlated and fairly Alfv\ enic wind, except for a population with negative cross helicity that is seen at shorter wavelet scales. We show that thi ...

McManus, Michael; Bowen, Trevor; Mallet, Alfred; Chen, Christopher; Chandran, Benjamin; Bale, Stuart; Larson, Davin; de Wit, Thierry; Kasper, J.; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Korreck, Kelly; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Pulupa, Marc; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Case, Anthony; Bonnell, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6dce

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Density Fluctuations in the Solar Wind Based on Type III Radio Bursts Observed by Parker Solar Probe

Radio waves are strongly scattered in the solar wind, so that their apparent sources seem to be considerably larger and shifted than the actual ones. Since the scattering depends on the spectrum of density turbulence, a better understanding of the radio wave propagation provides indirect information on the relative density fluctuations, ϵ=⟨δn⟩/⟨n⟩\ ϵ=⟨δn⟩/⟨n⟩ , at the effective turbulence scale length. Here, we analyzed 30 type III bursts detected by Parker Sola ...

Krupar, Vratislav; Szabo, Adam; Maksimovic, Milan; Kruparova, Oksana; Kontar, Eduard; Balmaceda, Laura; Bonnin, Xavier; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; Bonnell, John; Harvey, Peter; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; MacDowall, Robert; Kasper, Justin; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Hegedus, Alexander;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab65bd

Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Electrons in the Young Solar Wind: First Results from the Parker Solar Probe

The Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons experiment on the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission measures the three-dimensional electron velocity distribution function. We derive the parameters of the core, halo, and strahl populations utilizing a combination of fitting to model distributions and numerical integration for ̃100,000 electron distributions measured near the Sun on the first two PSP orbits, which reached heliocentric distances as small as ̃0.17 au. As expected, the electron core density and temperature increa ...

Halekas, J.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; McGinnis, D.; Maksimovic, M.; Berthomier, M.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Stevens, M.; Klein, K.; Bale, S.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Malaspina, D.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4cec

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Energetic Particle Increases Associated with Stream Interaction Regions

The Parker Solar Probe was launched on 2018 August 12 and completed its second orbit on 2019 June 19 with perihelion of 35.7 solar radii. During this time, the Energetic Particle Instrument-Hi (EPI-Hi, one of the two energetic particle instruments comprising the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun, IS☉IS) measured seven proton intensity increases associated with stream interaction regions (SIRs), two of which appear to be occurring in the same region corotating with the Sun. The events are relatively weak, with ...

Cohen, C.; Christian, E.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Schwadron, N.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Jian, L.; Lario, D.; Odstrcil, D.; Bale, S.; Badman, S.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4c38

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Energetic Particle Increases Associated with Stream Interaction Regions

The Parker Solar Probe was launched on 2018 August 12 and completed its second orbit on 2019 June 19 with perihelion of 35.7 solar radii. During this time, the Energetic Particle Instrument-Hi (EPI-Hi, one of the two energetic particle instruments comprising the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun, IS☉IS) measured seven proton intensity increases associated with stream interaction regions (SIRs), two of which appear to be occurring in the same region corotating with the Sun. The events are relatively weak, with ...

Cohen, C.; Christian, E.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Schwadron, N.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Jian, L.; Lario, D.; Odstrcil, D.; Bale, S.; Badman, S.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4c38

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Energetic Particle Observations from the Parker Solar Probe Using Combined Energy Spectra from the IS⊙IS Instrument Suite

The Integrated Science Investigations of the Sun (IS☉IS) instrument suite includes two Energetic Particle instruments: EPI-Hi, designed to measure ions from ̃1 to 200 MeV nuc-1, and EPI-Lo, designed to measure ions from ̃20 to ̃15 MeV nuc-1. We present an analysis of eight energetic proton events observed across the energy range of both instruments during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first two orbits in order to examine their combined energy spectra. Background corrections are applie ...

Joyce, C.; McComas, D.; Christian, E.; Schwadron, N.; Wiedenbeck, M.; McNutt, R.; Cohen, C.; Leske, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Stone, E.; Labrador, A.; Davis, A.; Cummings, A.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; Roelof, E.; Szalay, J.; Rankin, J.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Matthaeus, W.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5948

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Enhanced Energy Transfer Rate in Solar Wind Turbulence Observed near the Sun from Parker Solar Probe

Direct evidence of an inertial-range turbulent energy cascade has been provided by spacecraft observations in heliospheric plasmas. In the solar wind, the average value of the derived heating rate near 1 au is \~10\ 3\ Jkg\ -1\ s\ -1\ \ \~103Jkg-1s-1 , an amount sufficient to account for observed departures from adiabatic expansion. Parker Solar Probe, even during its first solar encounter, offers the first opportunity to compute, in a similar fashion, a fluid-scale energy decay rate, mu ...

Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Goldstein, M.; Maruca, B.; Matthaeus, W.; Parashar, T.; Ruffolo, D.; Chhiber, R.; Usmanov, A.; Chasapis, A.; Qudsi, R.; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Klein, K.; Velli, M.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5dae

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

The Enhancement of Proton Stochastic Heating in the Near-Sun Solar Wind

Stochastic heating (SH) is a nonlinear heating mechanism driven by the violation of magnetic moment invariance due to large-amplitude turbulent fluctuations producing diffusion of ions toward higher kinetic energies in the direction perpendicular to the magnetic field. It is frequently invoked as a mechanism responsible for the heating of ions in the solar wind. Here, we quantify for the first time the proton SH rate Q at radial distances from the Sun as close as 0.16 au, using measurements from the first tw ...

Martinovic, Mihailo; Klein, Kristopher; Kasper, Justin; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Chandran, Benjamin; Alterman, Ben; Huang, Jia; Chen, Christopher; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; Bonnell, John; Harvey, Peter; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; MacDowall, Robert;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab527f

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Solar Probe Plus

The Evolution and Role of Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere

The first two orbits of the Parker Solar Probe spacecraft have enabled the first in situ measurements of the solar wind down to a heliocentric distance of 0.17 au (or 36 R\ ⊙\ \ R⊙ ). Here, we present an analysis of this data to study solar wind turbulence at 0.17 au and its evolution out to 1 au. While many features remain similar, key differences at 0.17 au include increased turbulence energy levels by more than an order of magnitude, a magnetic field spectral index of -3/2 matching that of t ...

Chen, C.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Borovikov, D.; Bowen, T.; Burgess, D.; Case, A.; Chandran, B.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Mallet, A.; McManus, M.; Moncuquet, M.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab60a3

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Exploring Solar Wind Origins and Connecting Plasma Flows from the Parker Solar Probe to 1 au: Nonspherical Source Surface and Alfv\ enic Fluctuations

The magnetic field measurements of the FIELDS instrument on the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) have shown intensities, throughout its first solar encounter, that require a very low source surface (SS) height ( R\ SS\ ⩽1.8R\ ⊙\ \ RSS⩽1.8R⊙ ) to be reconciled with magnetic field measurements at the Sun via potential field extrapolation (PFSS). However, during PSP\textquoterights second encounter, the situation went back to a more classic SS height ( R\ SS\ ⩽2 ...

Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; D\textquoterightAmicis, Raffaella; Shi, Chen; eville, Victor; Bale, Stuart; Badman, Samuel; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Case, Anthony; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab61f4

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

MHD Mode Composition in the Inner Heliosphere from the Parker Solar Probe s First Perihelion

Field and plasma variations during the first perihelion pass of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) from 53 into 35 solar radii (R-S) from the Sun and over a frequency range in the spacecraft frame (f(SC)) from 0.0002 to 0.2 Hz are decomposed into constituent magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) modes. The analysis operates on measurements of the MHD variables recorded between impulsive, large amplitude rotations of the magnetic field to reveal the dominance of a broad spectrum of shear Alfven waves propagating antiparallel (backward) to the ...

Chaston, C.; Bonnell, J.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Pulupa, M.; de Wit, Dudok; Bowen, T.; Larson, D.; Whittlesey, P.; Wygant, J.; Salem, C.; MacDowall, R.; Livi, R.; Vech, D.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Korreck, K.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Malaspina, D.;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab745c

Parker Data Used

The Heliospheric Current Sheet in the Inner Heliosphere Observed by the Parker Solar Probe

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) completed its first solar encounter in 2018 November, bringing it closer to the Sun than any previous mission. This allowed in situ investigation of the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) inside the orbit of Venus. The Parker observations reveal a well defined magnetic sector structure placing the spacecraft in a negative polarity region for most of the encounter. The observed current sheet crossings are compared to the predictions of both potential field source surface and magnetohydrodynamic m ...

Szabo, Adam; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Stevens, Michael; Lavraud, Benoit; Phan, Tai; Wallace, Samantha; Jones-Mecholsky, Shaela; Arge, Charles; Badman, Samuel; Odstrcil, Dusan; Pogorelov, Nikolai; Kim, Tae; Riley, Pete; Henney, Carl; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, John; Case, Antony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Koval, Andriy; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5dac

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus



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