PSP Bibliography





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Found 99 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2021

Solar wind energy flux observations in the inner heliosphere: First results from Parker Solar Probe

Liu, M.; Issautier, K.; Meyer-Vernet, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Maksimovic, M.; Halekas, J.; Huang, J.; Griton, L.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039615"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Alfvenic versus non-Alfvenic turbulence in the inner heliosphere as observed by Parker Solar Probe

Shi, C.; Velli, M.; Panasenco, O.; Tenerani, A.; eville, V.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Case, A.; Larson, D.; Verniero, J.; Livi, R.; Stevens, M.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039818"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Thin silicon solid-state detectors for energetic particle measurements. Development, characterization, and application on NASA s Parker Solar Probe mission

Wiedenbeck, M.; Burnham, J.; Cohen, C.; Cook, W.; Crabill, R.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Kecman, B.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Rankin, J.; Rusert, M.; Stone, E.; Christian, E.; Goodwin, P.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039754"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Magnetic field line random walk and solar energetic particle path lengths. Stochastic theory and PSP/ISoIS observations

Chhiber, R.; Matthaeus, W.; Cohen, C.; Ruffolo, D.; Sonsrettee, W.; Tooprakai, P.; Seripienlert, A.; Chuychai, P.; Usmanov, A.; Goldstein, M.; McComas, D.; Leske, R.; Christian, E.; Mewaldt, R.; Labrador, A.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039816"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Parker Solar Probe observations of He/H abundance variations in SEP events inside 0.5 au

Cohen, C.M.S.; Christian, E.R.; Cummings, A.C.; Davis, A.J.; Desai, M.I.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.E.; Joyce, C.J.; Labrador, A.W.; Leske, R.A.; Matthaeus, W.H.; McComas, D.J.; McNutt, R.L.; Mewaldt, R.A.; Mitchell, D.G.; Rankin, J.S.; Roelof, E.C.; al., et;

Published by: Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: "10.1051/0004-6361/202039299"

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

2020

Trajectory Determination for Coronal Ejecta Observed by WISPR/Parker Solar Probe

TheWide-field Imager for Solar Probe(WISPR) onboard theParker Solar Probe(PSP), observing in white light, has a fixed angular field of view, extending from 13.5(circle)to 108(circle)from the Sun and approximately 50(circle)in the transverse direction. Because of the highly elliptical orbit of PSP, the physical extent of the imaged coronal region varies directly as the distance from the Sun, requiring new techniques for analysis of the motions of observed density features. Here, we present a technique for determining the 3D t ...

Liewer, P.; Qiu, J.; Penteado, P.; Hall, J.; Vourlidas, A.; Howard, R.;

Published by: SOLAR PHYSICS      Published on: OCT 22

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01715-y

Parker Data Used

Small-scale Magnetic Flux Ropes in the First Two Parker Solar Probe Encounters

Small-scale magnetic flux ropes (SFRs) are a type of structure in the solar wind that possess helical magnetic field lines. In a recent report we presented the radial variations of the properties of SFRs from 0.29 to 8 au using in situ measurements from the Helios, Advanced Composition Explorer/WIND (ACE/Wind), Ulysses, and Voyager spacecrafts. With the launch of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP), we extend our previous investigation further into the inner heliosphere. We apply a Grad-Shafranov-based algorithm to identify SFRs du ...

Chen, Yu; Hu, Qiang; Zhao, Lingling; Kasper, Justin; Bale, Stuart; Korreck, Kelly; Case, Anthony; Stevens, Michael; Bonnell, John; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Klein, Kristopher; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL      Published on: NOV

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb820

Parker Data Used

Proton Temperature Anisotropy Variations in Inner Heliosphere Estimated with the First Parker Solar Probe Observations

We present a technique for deriving the temperature anisotropy of solar wind protons observed by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission in the near-Sun solar wind. The radial proton temperature measured by the Solar Wind Electrons, Alphas, and Protons (SWEAP) Solar Probe Cup is compared with the orientation of local magnetic field measured by the FIELDS fluxgate magnetometer, and the proton temperatures parallel and perpendicular to the magnetic field are extracted. This procedure is applied to different data products, and the ...

Huang, Jia; Kasper, J.; Vech, D.; Klein, K.; Stevens, M.; Martinovic, Mihailo; Alterman, B.; Durovcova, Tereza; Paulson, Kristoff; Maruca, Bennett; Qudsi, Ramiz; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Jian, Lan; Velli, Marco; Lavraud, B.; Hegedus, A.; Bert, C.; Holmes, J.; Bale, Stuart; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Whittlesey, P.; Pulupa, Marc; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Bonnell, John; Harvey, Peter; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES      Published on: FEB

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab74e0

Parker Data Used

MHD Mode Composition in the Inner Heliosphere from the Parker Solar Probe s First Perihelion

Field and plasma variations during the first perihelion pass of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) from 53 into 35 solar radii (R-S) from the Sun and over a frequency range in the spacecraft frame (f(SC)) from 0.0002 to 0.2 Hz are decomposed into constituent magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) modes. The analysis operates on measurements of the MHD variables recorded between impulsive, large amplitude rotations of the magnetic field to reveal the dominance of a broad spectrum of shear Alfven waves propagating antiparallel (backward) to the ...

Chaston, C.; Bonnell, J.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Pulupa, M.; de Wit, Dudok; Bowen, T.; Larson, D.; Whittlesey, P.; Wygant, J.; Salem, C.; MacDowall, R.; Livi, R.; Vech, D.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Korreck, K.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Malaspina, D.;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES      Published on: FEB

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab745c

Parker Data Used

Seed Population Preconditioning and Acceleration Observed by the Parker Solar Probe

A series of solar energetic particle (SEP) events was observed by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (ISeIS) on the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during the period from 2019 April 18 through 24. The PSP spacecraft was located near 0.48 au from the Sun on Parker spiral field lines that projected out to 1 au within similar to 25 degrees of the near-Earth spacecraft. These SEP events, though small compared to historically large SEP events, were among the largest observed thus far in the PSP mission and provide critical ...

Schwadron, N.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; Christian, E.; Cohen, C.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; de Wit, Dudok; de Wet, W.; Desai, M.; Joyce, C.; Goetz, K.; Giacalone, J.; Gorby, M.; Harvey, P.; Heber, B.; Hill, M.; Karavolos, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Leske, R.; Malandraki, O.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Mays, L.; Niehof, J.; Odstrcil, D.; Pulupa, M.; Poduval, B.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Stevens, M.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Winslow, R.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES      Published on: FEB

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5527

Parker Data Used

Radio Signature of a Distant behind-the-limb CME on 2017 September 6

We discuss properties of a Type IV burst, which was observed on 2017 September 6, as a result of the powerful flare X 9.3. At decameter wavelengths this burst was observed by the radio telescopes STEREO A, URAN-2, and the Nancay Decameter Array at frequencies 5-35 MHz. This moving Type IV burst was associated with a coronal mass ejection (CME) propagating in the southwest direction with a speed of 1570 km s(-1). The maximum radio flux of this burst was about 300 s.f.u. and the polarization was more than 40\%. In the frequenc ...

Melnik, V.; Rucker, H.; Brazhenko, I.; Panchenko, M.; Konovalenko, A.; , Frantsuzenko; Dorovskyy, V.; , Shevchuk;

Published by: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL      Published on: DEC

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abbfb3

Parker Data Used

Small Electron Events Observed by Parker Solar Probe/IS⊙IS during Encounter 2

The current understanding of the characteristics of\ solar\ and inner heliospheric electron events is inferred almost entirely from observations made by spacecraft located at 1 astronomical unit (au). Previous observations within 1 au of the Sun, by the Helios spacecraft at similar to 0.3-1 au, indicate the presence of electron events that are not detected at 1 au or may have merged during transport from the Sun.\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\textquoterights close proximity to the Sun at perihelion provid ...

Mitchell, J.; de Nolfo, G.; Hill, M.; Christian, E.; McComas, D.; Schwadron, N.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Cohen, C.; Joyce, C.; Kasper, J.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; MacDowall, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Pulupa, M.; Richardson, I.; Stevens, M.; Szalay, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb2a4

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Radio bursts; Solar energetic particles; solar flares; Solar particle emission; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Small Electron Events Observed by Parker Solar Probe/IS⊙IS during Encounter 2

The current understanding of the characteristics of\ solar\ and inner heliospheric electron events is inferred almost entirely from observations made by spacecraft located at 1 astronomical unit (au). Previous observations within 1 au of the Sun, by the Helios spacecraft at similar to 0.3-1 au, indicate the presence of electron events that are not detected at 1 au or may have merged during transport from the Sun.\ Parker\ Solar\ Probe\textquoterights close proximity to the Sun at perihelion provid ...

Mitchell, J.; de Nolfo, G.; Hill, M.; Christian, E.; McComas, D.; Schwadron, N.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Bale, S.; Case, A.; Cohen, C.; Joyce, C.; Kasper, J.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; MacDowall, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Pulupa, M.; Richardson, I.; Stevens, M.; Szalay, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 10/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/abb2a4

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Radio bursts; Solar energetic particles; solar flares; Solar particle emission; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Analysis of the Helical Kink Stability of Differently Twisted Magnetic Flux Ropes

Magnetic flux ropes (MFRs) are usually considered to be the magnetic structure that dominates the transport of helicity from the Sun into the heliosphere. They entrain a confined plasma within a helically organized magnetic structure and are able to cause geomagnetic activity. The formation, evolution, and twist distribution of MFRs are issues subject to strong debate. Although different twist profiles have been suggested so far, none of them has been thoroughly explored yet. The aim of this work is to present a theoretic ...

Florido-Llinas, M.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Linton, M.;

Published by: Solar Physics      Published on: 09/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01687-z

coronal mass ejections; Flux ropes; Kink instability; magnetic fields; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus; Twist distribution

Magnetic Field Dropouts at Near-Sun Switchback Boundaries: A Superposed Epoch Analysis

During Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights first close encounter with the Sun in early 2018 November, a large number of impulsive rotations in the magnetic field were detected within 50 Rs; these also occurred in association with short-lived impulsive solar wind bursts in speed. These impulsive features are now called "switchback" events. We examined a set of these switchbacks where the boundary transition into and out of the switchback was abrupt, with fast B rotations and simultaneous solar wind speed changes ...

Farrell, W.; MacDowall, R.; Gruesbeck, J.; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 08/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab9eba

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; The Sun

The Streamer Blowout Origin of a Flux Rope and Energetic Particle Event Observed by Parker Solar Probe at 0.5 au

The distribution of spacecraft in the inner heliosphere during 2019 March enabled comprehensive observations of an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) that encountered Parker Solar Probe (PSP) at 0.547 au from the Sun. This ICME originated as a slow (\~311 km s-1) streamer blowout (SBO) on the Sun as measured by the white-light coronagraphs on board the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory-A and the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. Despite its low initial speed, the passage of the ICME at PSP was ...

Lario, D.; Balmaceda, L.; Alzate, N.; Mays, M.; Richardson, I.; Allen, R.; Florido-Llinas, M.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Koval, A.; Lugaz, N.; Jian, L.; Arge, C.; Macneice, P.; Odstrcil, D.; Morgan, H.; Szabo, A.; Desai, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Stevens, M.; Ho, G.; Luhmann, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab9942

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Constraining Ion-Scale Heating and Spectral Energy Transfer in Observations of Plasma Turbulence

We perform a statistical study of the turbulent power spectrum at inertial and kinetic scales observed during the first perihelion encounter of the Parker Solar Probe. We find that often there is an extremely steep scaling range of the power spectrum just above the ion-kinetic scales, similar to prior observations at 1 A.U., with a power-law index of around -4 . Based on our measurements, we demonstrate that either a significant (\>50 \%) fraction of the total turbulent energy flux is dissipated in this range of scales ...

Bowen, Trevor; Mallet, Alfred; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Case, Anthony; Chandran, Benjamin; Chasapis, Alexandros; Chen, Christopher; Duan, Die; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Halekas, Jasper; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, J.; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; McManus, Michael; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: Physical Review Letters      Published on: 07/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.025102

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

The Heliospheric Current Sheet and Plasma Sheet during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights First Orbit

We present heliospheric current sheet (HCS) and plasma sheet (HPS) observations during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first orbit around the Sun. We focus on the eight intervals that display a true sector boundary (TSB; based on suprathermal electron pitch angle distributions) with one or several associated current sheets. The analysis shows that (1) the main density enhancements in the vicinity of the TSB and HCS are typically associated with electron strahl dropouts, implying magnetic disconnection from the Su ...

Lavraud, B.; Fargette, N.; eville, V.; Szabo, A.; Huang, J.; Rouillard, A.; Viall, N.; Phan, T.; Kasper, J.; Bale, S.; Berthomier, M.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Eastwood, J.; enot, V.; Goetz, K.; Griton, L.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.; Kieokaew, R.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Larson, D.; Lavarra, M.; Livi, R.; Louarn, P.; MacDowall, R.; Maksimovic, M.; Malaspina, D.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Pinto, R.; Poirier, N.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Toledo-Redondo, S.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8d2d

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

A Merged Search-Coil and Fluxgate Magnetometer Data Product for Parker Solar Probe FIELDS

NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission is currently investigating the local plasma environment of the inner heliosphere (\<0.25 R) using both in situ and remote sensing instrumentation. Connecting signatures of microphysical particle heating and acceleration processes to macroscale heliospheric structure requires sensitive measurements of electromagnetic fields over a large range of physical scales. The FIELDS instrument, which provides PSP with in situ measurements of electromagnetic field ...

Bowen, T.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Gruesbeck, J.; Harvey, P.; Jannet, G.; Koval, A.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Sheppard, D.; Szabo, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA027813

Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Proton Beams Simultaneous with Ion-scale Waves

Parker Solar Probe (PSP), NASA\textquoterights latest and closest mission to the Sun, is on a journey to investigate fundamental enigmas of the inner heliosphere. This paper reports initial observations made by the Solar Probe Analyzer for Ions (SPAN-I), one of the instruments in the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons instrument suite. We address the presence of secondary proton beams in concert with ion-scale waves observed by FIELDS, the electromagnetic fields instrument suite. We show two events from PSP\textquote ...

Verniero, J.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Rahmati, A.; McManus, M.; Pyakurel, Sharma; Klein, K.; Bowen, T.; Bonnell, J.; Alterman, B.; Whittlesey, P.; Malaspina, David; Bale, S.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Korreck, K.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; de Wit, Dudok;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab86af

Alfv\ en waves; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Plasma physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Space plasmas

The Heliospheric Current Sheet and Plasma Sheet during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights First Orbit

We present heliospheric current sheet (HCS) and plasma sheet (HPS) observations during Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first orbit around the Sun. We focus on the eight intervals that display a true sector boundary (TSB; based on suprathermal electron pitch angle distributions) with one or several associated current sheets. The analysis shows that (1) the main density enhancements in the vicinity of the TSB and HCS are typically associated with electron strahl dropouts, implying magnetic disconnection from the Su ...

Lavraud, B.; Fargette, N.; eville, V.; Szabo, A.; Huang, J.; Rouillard, A.; Viall, N.; Phan, T.; Kasper, J.; Bale, S.; Berthomier, M.; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Eastwood, J.; enot, V.; Goetz, K.; Griton, L.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.; Kieokaew, R.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Larson, D.; Lavarra, M.; Livi, R.; Louarn, P.; MacDowall, R.; Maksimovic, M.; Malaspina, D.; Nieves-Chinchilla, T.; Pinto, R.; Poirier, N.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Stevens, M.; Toledo-Redondo, S.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 05/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8d2d

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Coronal Electron Temperature Inferred from the Strahl Electrons in the Inner Heliosphere: Parker Solar Probe and Helios Observations

The shape of the electron velocity distribution function plays an important role in the dynamics of the solar wind acceleration. Electrons are normally modeled with three components, the core, the halo, and the strahl. We investigate how well the fast strahl electrons in the inner heliosphere preserve the information about the coronal electron temperature at their origin. We analyzed the data obtained by two missions, Helios, spanning the distances between 65 and 215 RS, and Parker Solar Probe (PSP), reaching d ...

c, Laura; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Maksimovic, Milan; Badman, Samuel; Landi, Simone; Matteini, Lorenzo; Bale, Stuart.; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab7b7a

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

In Situ Observations of Interplanetary Dust Variability in the Inner Heliosphere

This work examines the variation of interplanetary dust count rates and directionality during the first three solar encounters made by the Parker Solar Probe spacecraft, covering distances between 0.65 au (\~140 solar radii, RS) and 0.16 au (\~35 RS). Dust detections are made by the FIELDS instrument via plasma clouds, produced by impact ionization of dust grains on spacecraft surfaces and resultant spacecraft potential perturbations. Dust count rates and inferred densities are found to vary by \~50\ ...

Malaspina, David; Szalay, Jamey; y, Petr; Page, Brent; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, John; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Goodrich, Katherine; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab799b

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Localized Magnetic-field Structures and Their Boundaries in the Near-Sun Solar Wind from Parker Solar Probe Measurements

One of the discoveries of the Parker Solar Probe during its first encounters with the Sun is ubiquitous presence of relatively small-scale structures standing out as sudden deflections of the magnetic field. They were named "switchbacks" since some of them show a full reversal of the radial component of the magnetic field and then return to "regular" conditions. We carried out an analysis of three typical switchback structures having different characteristics: I. Alfv\ enic structure, where the variations of the magnetic ...

Krasnoselskikh, V.; Larosa, A.; Agapitov, O.; de Wit, Dudok; Moncuquet, M.; Mozer, F.; Stevens, M.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Froment, C.; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Raouafi, N.; Revillet, C.; Velli, M.; Wygant, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 04/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab7f2d

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Sunward-propagating Whistler Waves Collocated with Localized Magnetic Field Holes in the Solar Wind: Parker Solar Probe Observations at 35.7 R Radii

Observations by the Parker Solar Probe mission of the solar wind at \~35.7 solar radii reveal the existence of whistler wave packets with frequencies below 0.1 fce (20-80 Hz in the spacecraft frame). These waves often coincide with local minima of the magnetic field magnitude or with sudden deflections of the magnetic field that are called switchbacks. Their sunward propagation leads to a significant Doppler frequency downshift from 200-300 to 20-80 Hz (from 0.2 to 0.5 fce). The polarization of these ...

Agapitov, O.; de Wit, Dudok; Mozer, F.; Bonnell, J.; Drake, J.; Malaspina, D.; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Bale, S.; Whittlesey, P.; Case, A.; Chaston, C.; Froment, C.; Goetz, K.; Goodrich, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.; Stevens, M.; Wygant, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal      Published on: 03/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab799c

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Analysis of the Internal Structure of the Streamer Blowout Observed by the Parker Solar Probe During the First Solar Encounter

In this paper, we present an analysis of the internal structure of a coronal mass ejection (CME) detected by in situ instruments on board the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft during its first solar encounter. On 2018 November 11 at 23:53 UT, the FIELDS magnetometer measured an increase in strength of the magnetic field as well as a coherent change in the field direction. The SWEAP instrument simultaneously detected a low proton temperature and signatures of bidirectionality in the electron pitch angle distribution (PAD ...

Nieves-Chinchilla, Teresa; Szabo, Adam; Korreck, Kelly; Alzate, Nathalia; Balmaceda, Laura; Lavraud, Benoit; Paulson, Kristoff; Narock, Ayris; Wallace, Samantha; Jian, Lan; Luhmann, Janet; Morgan, Huw; Higginson, Aleida; Arge, Charles; Bale, Stuart; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Giacalone, Joe; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Jones-Melosky, Shaela; Kasper, J.; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; McComas, David; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Raouafi, Nour; Schwadron, Nathan; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab61f5

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Cross Helicity Reversals in Magnetic Switchbacks

We consider 2D joint distributions of normalized residual energy, σr(s, t), and cross helicity, σc(s, t), during one day of Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP\textquoterights) first encounter as a function of wavelet scale s. The broad features of the distributions are similar to previous observations made by Helios in slow solar wind, namely well-correlated and fairly Alfv\ enic wind, except for a population with negative cross helicity that is seen at shorter wavelet scales. We show that thi ...

McManus, Michael; Bowen, Trevor; Mallet, Alfred; Chen, Christopher; Chandran, Benjamin; Bale, Stuart; Larson, Davin; de Wit, Thierry; Kasper, J.; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Livi, Roberto; Korreck, Kelly; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Pulupa, Marc; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Case, Anthony; Bonnell, J.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6dce

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Density Fluctuations in the Solar Wind Based on Type III Radio Bursts Observed by Parker Solar Probe

Radio waves are strongly scattered in the solar wind, so that their apparent sources seem to be considerably larger and shifted than the actual ones. Since the scattering depends on the spectrum of density turbulence, a better understanding of the radio wave propagation provides indirect information on the relative density fluctuations, ϵ=⟨δn⟩/⟨n⟩\ ϵ=⟨δn⟩/⟨n⟩ , at the effective turbulence scale length. Here, we analyzed 30 type III bursts detected by Parker Sola ...

Krupar, Vratislav; Szabo, Adam; Maksimovic, Milan; Kruparova, Oksana; Kontar, Eduard; Balmaceda, Laura; Bonnin, Xavier; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; Bonnell, John; Harvey, Peter; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; MacDowall, Robert; Kasper, Justin; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Hegedus, Alexander;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab65bd

Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Enhanced Energy Transfer Rate in Solar Wind Turbulence Observed near the Sun from Parker Solar Probe

Direct evidence of an inertial-range turbulent energy cascade has been provided by spacecraft observations in heliospheric plasmas. In the solar wind, the average value of the derived heating rate near 1 au is \~10\ 3\ Jkg\ -1\ s\ -1\ \ \~103Jkg-1s-1 , an amount sufficient to account for observed departures from adiabatic expansion. Parker Solar Probe, even during its first solar encounter, offers the first opportunity to compute, in a similar fashion, a fluid-scale energy decay rate, mu ...

Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Goldstein, M.; Maruca, B.; Matthaeus, W.; Parashar, T.; Ruffolo, D.; Chhiber, R.; Usmanov, A.; Chasapis, A.; Qudsi, R.; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Klein, K.; Velli, M.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5dae

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

The Enhancement of Proton Stochastic Heating in the Near-Sun Solar Wind

Stochastic heating (SH) is a nonlinear heating mechanism driven by the violation of magnetic moment invariance due to large-amplitude turbulent fluctuations producing diffusion of ions toward higher kinetic energies in the direction perpendicular to the magnetic field. It is frequently invoked as a mechanism responsible for the heating of ions in the solar wind. Here, we quantify for the first time the proton SH rate Q at radial distances from the Sun as close as 0.16 au, using measurements from the first tw ...

c, Mihailo; Klein, Kristopher; Kasper, Justin; Case, Anthony; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Chandran, Benjamin; Alterman, Ben; Huang, Jia; Chen, Christopher; Bale, Stuart; Pulupa, Marc; Malaspina, David; Bonnell, John; Harvey, Peter; Goetz, Keith; de Wit, Thierry; MacDowall, Robert;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab527f

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Examining Dust Directionality with the Parker Solar Probe FIELDS Instrument

Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP\textquoterights) FIELDS instrument provides a measure of the dust impact rate on the spacecraft with a full-coverage summary of the voltages recorded by the spacecraft\textquoterights antennas. From consecutively sampled periods throughout PSP\textquoterights orbit, FIELDS stores the maximum amplitude measured by each active antenna. The occurrence of a dust impact during a given period can be identified by these amplitudes exceeding a few tens of millivolts, and a dust grain\textqu ...

Page, Brent; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Goetz, Keith; Goodrich, Katherine; Harvey, Peter; Larsen, Rhiannon; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; y, Petr; Pulupa, Marc; Szalay, Jamey;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5f6a

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Exploring Solar Wind Origins and Connecting Plasma Flows from the Parker Solar Probe to 1 au: Nonspherical Source Surface and Alfv\ enic Fluctuations

The magnetic field measurements of the FIELDS instrument on the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) have shown intensities, throughout its first solar encounter, that require a very low source surface (SS) height ( R\ SS\ ⩽1.8R\ ⊙\ \ RSS⩽1.8R⊙ ) to be reconciled with magnetic field measurements at the Sun via potential field extrapolation (PFSS). However, during PSP\textquoterights second encounter, the situation went back to a more classic SS height ( R\ SS\ ⩽2 ...

Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; D\textquoterightAmicis, Raffaella; Shi, Chen; eville, Victor; Bale, Stuart; Badman, Samuel; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Case, Anthony; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab61f4

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

First In Situ Measurements of Electron Density and Temperature from Quasi-thermal Noise Spectroscopy with Parker Solar Probe /FIELDS

Heat transport in the solar corona and wind is still a major unsolved astrophysical problem. Because of the key role played by electrons, the electron density and temperature(s) are important prerequisites for understanding these plasmas. We present such in situ measurements along the two first solar encounters of the Parker Solar Probe, between 0.5 and 0.17 au from the Sun, revealing different states of the emerging solar wind near the solar activity minimum. These preliminary results are obtained from a simplified analy ...

Moncuquet, Michel; Meyer-Vernet, Nicole; Issautier, Karine; Pulupa, Marc; Bonnell, J.; Bale, Stuart; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Griton, Lea; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Maksimovic, Milan; Malaspina, David;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5a84

Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

The Heliospheric Current Sheet in the Inner Heliosphere Observed by the Parker Solar Probe

The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) completed its first solar encounter in 2018 November, bringing it closer to the Sun than any previous mission. This allowed in situ investigation of the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) inside the orbit of Venus. The Parker observations reveal a well defined magnetic sector structure placing the spacecraft in a negative polarity region for most of the encounter. The observed current sheet crossings are compared to the predictions of both potential field source surface and magnetohydrodynamic m ...

Szabo, Adam; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Stevens, Michael; Lavraud, Benoit; Phan, Tai; Wallace, Samantha; Jones-Mecholsky, Shaela; Arge, Charles; Badman, Samuel; Odstrcil, Dusan; Pogorelov, Nikolai; Kim, Tae; Riley, Pete; Henney, Carl; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, John; Case, Antony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Koval, Andriy; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5dac

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Ion-scale Electromagnetic Waves in the Inner Heliosphere

Understanding the physical processes in the solar wind and corona that actively contribute to heating, acceleration, and dissipation is a primary objective of NASA\textquoterights Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission. Observations of circularly polarized electromagnetic waves at ion scales suggest that cyclotron resonance and wave-particle interactions are dynamically relevant in the inner heliosphere. A wavelet-based statistical study of circularly polarized events in the first perihelion encounter of PSP demonstrates that t ...

Bowen, Trevor; Mallet, Alfred; Huang, Jia; Klein, Kristopher; Malaspina, David; Stevens, Michael; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; Case, Anthony; Chandran, Benjamin; Chaston, C.; Chen, Christopher; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Howes, Gregory; Kasper, J.; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; McManus, Michael; Pulupa, Marc; Verniero, J.; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6c65

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Magnetic Connectivity of the Ecliptic Plane within 0.5 au: Potential Field Source Surface Modeling of the First Parker Solar Probe Encounter

We compare magnetic field measurements taken by the FIELDS instrument on board Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first solar encounter to predictions obtained by potential field source surface (PFSS) modeling. Ballistic propagation is used to connect the spacecraft to the source surface. Despite the simplicity of the model, our results show striking agreement with PSP\textquoterights first observations of the heliospheric magnetic field from ̃0.5 au (107.5 R) down to 0.16 au (35.7 R). Furthe ...

Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart; Oliveros, Juan; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Stansby, David; Buitrago-Casas, Juan; eville, Victor; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4da7

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Magnetic Field Kinks and Folds in the Solar Wind

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations during its first encounter at 35.7 R have shown the presence of magnetic field lines that are strongly perturbed to the point that they produce local inversions of the radial magnetic field, known as switchbacks. Their counterparts in the solar wind velocity field are local enhancements in the radial speed, or jets, displaying (in all components) the velocity-magnetic field correlation typical of large amplitude Alfv\ en waves propagating away from the Sun. Switchbacks a ...

Tenerani, Anna; Velli, Marco; Matteini, Lorenzo; eville, Victor; Shi, Chen; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Klein, Kristopher; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab53e1

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Observations of Energetic-particle Population Enhancements along Intermittent Structures near the Sun from the Parker Solar Probe

Observations at 1 au have confirmed that enhancements in measured energetic-particle (EP) fluxes are statistically associated with "rough" magnetic fields, i.e., fields with atypically large spatial derivatives or increments, as measured by the Partial Variance of Increments (PVI) method. One way to interpret this observation is as an association of the EPs with trapping or channeling within magnetic flux tubes, possibly near their boundaries. However, it remains unclear whether this association is a transport or local ef ...

Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Matthaeus, W.; Parashar, T.; Chhiber, R.; Ruffolo, D.; Goldstein, M.; Maruca, B.; Chasapis, A.; Qudsi, R.; McComas, D.; Christian, E.; Szalay, J.; Joyce, C.; Giacalone, J.; Schwadron, N.; Mitchell, D.; Hill, M.; Wiedenbeck, M.; McNutt, R.; Desai, M.; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, J.; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Pulupa, Marc; Velli, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Stevens, M.; Case, A.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6220

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Plasma Waves near the Electron Cyclotron Frequency in the Near-Sun Solar Wind

Data from the first two orbits of the Sun by Parker Solar Probe reveal that the solar wind sunward of 50 solar radii is replete with plasma waves and instabilities. One of the most prominent plasma wave power enhancements in this region appears near the electron cyclotron frequency (fce). Most of this wave power is concentrated in electric field fluctuations near 0.7 fce and fce, with strong harmonics of both frequencies extending above fce. At least two distinct, often concurre ...

Malaspina, David; Halekas, Jasper; c, Laura; Larson, Davin; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, John; de Wit, Thierry; Ergun, Robert; Howes, Gregory; Goetz, Keith; Goodrich, Katherine; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Case, Anthony; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4c3b

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

The Radial Dependence of Proton-scale Magnetic Spectral Break in Slow Solar Wind during PSP Encounter 2

Magnetic field fluctuations in the solar wind are commonly observed to follow a power-law spectrum. Near proton-kinetic scales, a spectral break occurs that is commonly interpreted as a transition to kinetic turbulence. However, this transition is not yet entirely understood. By studying the scaling of the break with various plasma properties, it may be possible to constrain the processes leading to the onset of kinetic turbulence. Using data from the Parker Solar Probe, we measure the proton-scale break over a range of h ...

Duan, Die; Bowen, Trevor; Chen, Christopher; Mallet, Alfred; He, Jiansen; Bale, Stuart; Vech, Daniel; Kasper, J.; Pulupa, Marc; Bonnell, John; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Korreck, Kelly; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab672d

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Relating Streamer Flows to Density and Magnetic Structures at the Parker Solar Probe

The physical mechanisms that produce the slow solar wind are still highly debated. Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP\textquoterights) second solar encounter provided a new opportunity to relate in situ measurements of the nascent slow solar wind with white-light images of streamer flows. We exploit data taken by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO), and the Wide Imager on Solar Probe to reveal for the first time a close link between imaged streamer flows and th ...

Rouillard, Alexis; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Vourlidas, Angelos; Kasper, Justin; Bale, Stuart; Raouafi, Nour-Edine; Lavraud, Benoit; Howard, Russell; Stenborg, Guillermo; Stevens, Michael; Poirier, Nicolas; Davies, Jackie; Hess, Phillip; Higginson, Aleida; Lavarra, Michael; Viall, Nicholeen; Korreck, Kelly; Pinto, Rui; Griton, Lea; eville, Victor; Louarn, Philippe; Wu, Yihong; Dalmasse, K\; enot, Vincent; Case, Anthony; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; Halekas, Jasper; Livi, Roberto; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Bonnell, J.; de Witt, Dudok; Penou, Emmanuel;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab579a

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

The Role of Alfv\ en Wave Dynamics on the Large-scale Properties of the Solar Wind: Comparing an MHD Simulation with Parker Solar Probe E1 Data

During Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights first orbit, the solar wind plasma was observed in situ closer than ever before, the perihelion on 2018 November 6 revealing a flow that is constantly permeated by large-amplitude Alfv\ enic fluctuations. These include radial magnetic field reversals, or switchbacks, that seem to be a persistent feature of the young solar wind. The measurements also reveal a very strong, unexpected, azimuthal velocity component. In this work, we numerically model the solar corona during this first ...

eville, Victor; Velli, Marco; Panasenco, Olga; Tenerani, Anna; Shi, Chen; Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, J.; Stevens, Michael; Korreck, Kelly; Bonnell, J.; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Malaspina, David; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4fef

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Sharp Alfv\ enic Impulses in the Near-Sun Solar Wind

Measurements of the near-Sun solar wind by the Parker Solar Probe have revealed the presence of large numbers of discrete Alfv\ enic impulses with an anti-sunward sense of propagation. These are similar to those previously observed near 1 au, in high speed streams over the Sun\textquoterights poles and at 60 solar radii. At 35 solar radii, however, they are typically shorter and sharper than seen elsewhere. In addition, these spikes occur in "patches" and there are also clear periods within the same stream when they do no ...

Horbury, Timothy; Woolley, Thomas; Laker, Ronan; Matteini, Lorenzo; Eastwood, Jonathan; Bale, Stuart; Velli, Marco; Chandran, Benjamin; Phan, Tai; Raouafi, Nour; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Pulupa, Marc; Klein, K.; de Wit, Thierry; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Case, A.; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Larson, Davin; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Livi, Roberto;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5b15

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Statistics and Polarization of Type III Radio Bursts Observed in the Inner Heliosphere

We present initial results from the Radio Frequency Spectrometer, the high-frequency component of the FIELDS experiment on the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). During the first PSP solar encounter (2018 November), only a few small radio bursts were observed. During the second encounter (2019 April), copious type III radio bursts occurred, including intervals of radio storms where bursts occurred continuously. In this paper, we present initial observations of the characteristics of type III radio bursts in the inner heliosphere, ...

Pulupa, Marc; Bale, Stuart; Badman, Samuel; Bonnell, J.; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Hegedus, Alexander; Kasper, Justin; Korreck, Kelly; Krasnoselskikh, Vladimir; Larson, Davin; Lecacheux, Alain; Livi, Roberto; MacDowall, Robert; Maksimovic, Milan; Malaspina, David; Oliveros, Juan; Meyer-Vernet, Nicole; Moncuquet, Michel; Stevens, Michael; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5dc0

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Switchbacks in the Near-Sun Magnetic Field: Long Memory and Impact on the Turbulence Cascade

One of the most striking observations made by Parker Solar Probe during its first solar encounter is the omnipresence of rapid polarity reversals in a magnetic field that is otherwise mostly radial. These so-called switchbacks strongly affect the dynamics of the magnetic field. We concentrate here on their macroscopic properties. First, we find that these structures are self-similar, and have neither a characteristic magnitude, nor a characteristic duration. Their waiting time statistics show evidence of aggregation. The ...

de Wit, Thierry; Krasnoselskikh, Vladimir; Bale, Stuart; Bonnell, John; Bowen, Trevor; Chen, Christopher; Froment, Clara; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Jagarlamudi, Vamsee; Larosa, Andrea; MacDowall, Robert; Malaspina, David; Matthaeus, William; Pulupa, Marc; Velli, Marco; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5853

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Anticorrelation between the Bulk Speed and the Electron Temperature in the Pristine Solar Wind: First Results from the Parker Solar Probe and Comparison with Helios

We discuss the solar wind electron temperatures Te as measured in the nascent solar wind by Parker Solar Probe during its first perihelion pass. The measurements have been obtained by fitting the high-frequency part of quasi-thermal noise spectra recorded by the Radio Frequency Spectrometer. In addition we compare these measurements with those obtained by the electrostatic analyzer discussed in Halekas et al. These first electron observations show an anticorrelation between Te and the wind bulk speed ...

Maksimovic, M.; Bale, S.; c, Ber\v; Bonnell, J.; Case, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Halekas, J.; Harvey, P.; Issautier, K.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Jagarlamudi, Krishna; Lahmiti, N.; Larson, D.; Lecacheux, A.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; c, M.; Meyer-Vernet, N.; Moncuquet, M.; Pulupa, M.; Salem, C.; Stevens, M.; ak, \v; Velli, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab61fc

Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Solar Probe Plus

Clustering of Intermittent Magnetic and Flow Structures near Parker Solar Probe \textquoterights First Perihelion\textemdashA Partial-variance-of-increments Analysis

During the Parker Solar Probe\textquoterights (PSP) first perihelion pass, the spacecraft reached within a heliocentric distance of ̃37 R and observed numerous magnetic and flow structures characterized by sharp gradients. To better understand these intermittent structures in the young solar wind, an important property to examine is their degree of correlation in time and space. To this end, we use the well-tested partial variance of increments (PVI) technique to identify intermittent events in FIELDS and S ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Goldstein, M; Maruca, B.; Chasapis, A.; Matthaeus, W.; Ruffolo, D.; Bandyopadhyay, R.; Parashar, T.; Qudsi, R.; de Wit, Dudok; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Pulupa, M.; Kasper, J.; Korreck, K.; Case, A.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; Velli, M.; Raouafi, N.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab53d2

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Electrons in the Young Solar Wind: First Results from the Parker Solar Probe

The Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons experiment on the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission measures the three-dimensional electron velocity distribution function. We derive the parameters of the core, halo, and strahl populations utilizing a combination of fitting to model distributions and numerical integration for ̃100,000 electron distributions measured near the Sun on the first two PSP orbits, which reached heliocentric distances as small as ̃0.17 au. As expected, the electron core density and temperature increa ...

Halekas, J.; Whittlesey, P.; Larson, D.; McGinnis, D.; Maksimovic, M.; Berthomier, M.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Stevens, M.; Klein, K.; Bale, S.; MacDowall, R.; Pulupa, M.; Malaspina, D.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4cec

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

Energetic Particle Increases Associated with Stream Interaction Regions

The Parker Solar Probe was launched on 2018 August 12 and completed its second orbit on 2019 June 19 with perihelion of 35.7 solar radii. During this time, the Energetic Particle Instrument-Hi (EPI-Hi, one of the two energetic particle instruments comprising the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun, IS☉IS) measured seven proton intensity increases associated with stream interaction regions (SIRs), two of which appear to be occurring in the same region corotating with the Sun. The events are relatively weak, with ...

Cohen, C.; Christian, E.; Cummings, A.; Davis, A.; Desai, M.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.; Joyce, C.; Labrador, A.; Leske, R.; Matthaeus, W.; McComas, D.; McNutt, R.; Mewaldt, R.; Mitchell, D.; Rankin, J.; Roelof, E.; Schwadron, N.; Stone, E.; Szalay, J.; Wiedenbeck, M.; Allen, R.; Ho, G.; Jian, L.; Lario, D.; Odstrcil, D.; Bale, S.; Badman, S.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.; Kasper, J.; Case, A.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, Roberto; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab4c38

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus

The Evolution and Role of Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere

The first two orbits of the Parker Solar Probe spacecraft have enabled the first in situ measurements of the solar wind down to a heliocentric distance of 0.17 au (or 36 R\ ⊙\ \ R⊙ ). Here, we present an analysis of this data to study solar wind turbulence at 0.17 au and its evolution out to 1 au. While many features remain similar, key differences at 0.17 au include increased turbulence energy levels by more than an order of magnitude, a magnetic field spectral index of -3/2 matching that of t ...

Chen, C.; Bale, S.; Bonnell, J.; Borovikov, D.; Bowen, T.; Burgess, D.; Case, A.; Chandran, B.; de Wit, Dudok; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Kasper, J.; Klein, K.; Korreck, K.; Larson, D.; Livi, R.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, D.; Mallet, A.; McManus, M.; Moncuquet, M.; Pulupa, M.; Stevens, M.; Whittlesey, P.;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab60a3

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Parker Data Used; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus



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