PSP Bibliography





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Found 808 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2022

On the utility of flux rope models for CME magnetic structure below 30 R$_\ensuremath\odot$

We present a comprehensive analysis of the three-dimensional magnetic flux rope structure generated during the Lynch et al. (2019, ApJ 880:97) magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of a global-scale, 360 \textdegree -wide streamer blowout coronal mass ejection (CME) eruption. We create both fixed and moving synthetic spacecraft to generate time series of the MHD variables through different regions of the flux rope CME. Our moving spacecraft trajectories are derived from the spatial coordinates of Parker Solar Probe s past enc ...

Lynch, Benjamin; Al-Haddad, Nada; Yu, Wenyuan; Palmerio, Erika; Lugaz, No\;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.05.004

Parker Data Used; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); Solar corona; Coronal mass ejection (CME); magnetic flux rope; Parker Solar Probe (PSP); Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Near-f $_Ce$ Harmonic Emissions in the Near-Sun Solar Wind and Their Dependence on the Magnetic Field Direction

Wave emissions at frequencies near electron gyrofrequency harmonics are observed at small heliocentric distances below about 40 R $_\ensuremath\odot$ and are known to occur in regions with quiescent magnetic fields. We show the close connection of these waves to the large-scale properties of the magnetic field. Near electron gyrofrequency harmonic emissions occur only when the ambient magnetic field points to a narrow range of directions bounded by polar and azimuthal angular ranges in the RTN coordinate system of correspond ...

Tigik, Sabrina; Vaivads, Andris; Malaspina, David; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apj      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac8473

Parker Data Used; Space plasmas; Plasma physics; Solar wind; 1544; 2089; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Direct First Parker Solar Probe Observation of the Interaction of Two Successive Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections in 2020 November

We investigate the effects of the evolutionary processes in the internal magnetic structure of two interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) detected in situ between 2020 November 29 and December 1 by the Parker Solar Probe (PSP). The sources of the ICMEs were observed remotely at the Sun in EUV and subsequently tracked to their coronal counterparts in white light. This period is of particular interest to the community as it has been identified as the first widespread solar energetic particle event of solar cycle 25. The ...

Nieves-Chinchilla, Teresa; Alzate, Nathalia; Cremades, Hebe; ia, Laura; Santos, Luiz; Narock, Ayris; Xie, Hong; Szabo, Adam; Palmerio, Erika; Krupar, Vratislav; Pulupa, Marc; Lario, David; Stevens, Michael; Wilson, Lynn; Kwon, Ryun-Young; Mays, Leila; St. Cyr, Chris; Hess, Phillip; Reeves, Katharine; Seaton, Daniel; Niembro, Tatiana; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin;

Published by: \apj      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac590b

Parker Data Used; Solar coronal mass ejections; Solar wind; Interplanetary physics; 310; 1534; 827; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

CMEs and SEPs During November-December 2020: A Challenge for Real-Time Space Weather Forecasting

Predictions of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and solar energetic particles (SEPs) are a central issue in space weather forecasting. In recent years, interest in space weather predictions has expanded to include impacts at other planets beyond Earth as well as spacecraft scattered throughout the heliosphere. In this sense, the scope of space weather science now encompasses the whole heliospheric system, and multipoint measurements of solar transients can provide useful insights and validations for prediction models. In this w ...

Palmerio, Erika; Lee, Christina; Mays, Leila; Luhmann, Janet; Lario, David; anchez-Cano, Beatriz; Richardson, Ian; Vainio, Rami; Stevens, Michael; Cohen, Christina; Steinvall, Konrad; Möstl, Christian; Weiss, Andreas; Nieves-Chinchilla, Teresa; Li, Yan; Larson, Davin; Heyner, Daniel; Bale, Stuart; Galvin, Antoinette; Holmström, Mats; Khotyaintsev, Yuri; Maksimovic, Milan; Mitrofanov, Igor;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021SW002993

Parker Data Used; coronal mass ejections; Solar energetic particles; space weather forecasts; MHD models; Inner heliosphere; Solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Density Compressions at Magnetic Switchbacks Associated With Fast Plasma: A Superposed Epoch Analysis

Many magnetic field switchbacks were detected by the Parker Solar Probe and their origin remains a puzzle. We did a superposed epoch analysis (SEA) to investigate the plasma characteristics in the vicinity of switchbacks and their radial evolution. SEA is good way to get the statistical average features of certain types of events that have obvious boundaries and different durations. For 55 events ranging from 1 to 30 min, the SEA results show that a small parcel of plasma is piling up in front of the reversed field, and ...

Liu, Ruoyan; Liu, Yong; Huang, Jia; Huang, Zhaohui; Klecker, Berndt; Wang, Chi;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030382

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; magnetic fields; switchbacks

The incompressible energy cascade rate in anisotropic solar wind turbulence

Context. The presence of a magnetic guide field induces several types of anisotropy in solar wind turbulence. The energy cascade rate between scales in the inertial range depends strongly on the direction of this magnetic guide field, splitting the energy cascade according to the parallel and perpendicular directions with respect to magnetic guide field. \ Aims: Using more than two years of Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations, the isotropy and anisotropy energy cascade rates are investigated. The variance and normalized fl ...

es, Andr\; Sahraoui, F.; Huang, S.; Hadid, L.~Z.; Galtier, S.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202142994

Parker Data Used; turbulence; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); plasmas; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Multi-scale image preprocessing and feature tracking for remote CME characterization

Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) influence the interplanetary environment over vast distances in the solar system by injecting huge clouds of fast solar plasma and energetic particles (SEPs). A number of fundamental questions remain about how SEPs are produced, but current understanding points to CME-driven shocks and compressions in the solar corona. At the same time, unprecedented remote and in situ (Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter) solar observations are becoming available to constrain existing theories. Here we present a ...

Stepanyuk, Oleg; Kozarev, Kamen; Nedal, Mohamed;

Published by: Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2022020

Parker Data Used; Coronal bright fronts; coronal mass ejections; image processing; eruptive filaments; CME; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Parker Solar Probe Observations of Solar Wind Energetic Proton Beams Produced by Magnetic Reconnection in the Near-Sun Heliospheric Current Sheet

We report observations of reconnection exhausts in the Heliospheric Current Sheet (HCS) during Parker Solar Probe Encounters 08 and 07, at 16 R$_s$ and 20 R$_s$, respectively. Heliospheric current sheet (HCS) reconnection accelerated protons to almost twice the solar wind speed and increased the proton core energy by a factor of \ensuremath\sim3, due to the Alfv\ en speed being comparable to the solar wind flow speed at these near-Sun distances. Furthermore, protons were energized to super-thermal energies. During E08, energ ...

Phan, T.~D.; Verniero, J.~L.; Larson, D.; Lavraud, B.; Drake, J.~F.; Oieroset, M.; Eastwood, J.~P.; Bale, S.~D.; Livi, R.; Halekas, J.~S.; Whittlesey, P.~L.; Rahmati, A.; Stansby, D.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Szabo, P.~A.; Koval, A.; Desai, M.; Fuselier, S.~A.; Velli, M.; Hesse, M.; Pyakurel, P.~S.; Maheshwari, K.; Kasper, J.~C.; Stevens, J.~M.; Case, A.~W.; Raouafi, N.~E.;

Published by: \grl      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021GL096986

Parker Data Used; magnetic reconnection; Particle acceleration; Solar wind; parker solar probe; heliospheric current sheet

Frequency Transition From Weak to Strong Turbulence in the Solar Wind

During a specific time window while approaching the Sun, the longitudinal speed of Parker Solar Probe matches that of the Sun s rotation. The spacecraft therefore co-rotates with the Sun, and as long as it does so, it is immersed in the solar-wind plasma of the same flow tube. This unique feature of the Parker Solar Probe s orbital configuration is exploited in this work for the first time, to investigate the spectral properties of the turbulence of the same plasma stream, from large to small scales, very close to the Sun. S ...

Telloni, Daniele;

Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2022.917393

Parker Data Used

Eruption and Interplanetary Evolution of a Stealthy Streamer-Blowout CME Observed by PSP at \ensuremath\sim0.5 AU

Streamer-blowout coronal mass ejections (SBO-CMEs) are the dominant CME population during solar minimum. Although they are typically slow and lack clear low-coronal signatures, they can cause geomagnetic storms. With the aid of extrapolated coronal fields and remote observations of the off-limb low corona, we study the initiation of an SBO-CME preceded by consecutive CME eruptions consistent with a multi-stage sympathetic breakout scenario. From inner-heliospheric Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations, it is evident that the ...

Pal, Sanchita; Lynch, Benjamin; Good, Simon; Palmerio, Erika; Asvestari, Eleanna; Pomoell, Jens; Stevens, Michael; Kilpua, Emilia;

Published by: Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2022.903676

Parker Data Used; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Sudden depletion of Alfv\ enic turbulence in the rarefaction region of corotating solar wind high-speed streams at 1 AU: Possible solar origin?

A canonical description of a corotating solar wind high-speed stream in terms of velocity profile would indicate three main regions: a stream interface or corotating interaction region characterized by a rapid increase in flow speed and by compressive phenomena that are due to dynamical interaction between the fast wind flow and the slower ambient plasma; a fast wind plateau characterized by weak compressive phenomena and large-amplitude fluctuations with a dominant Alfv\ enic character; and a rarefaction region characterize ...

Carnevale, G.; Bruno, R.; Marino, R.; Pietropaolo, E.; Raines, J.~M.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202040006

turbulence; Sun: magnetic fields; Solar wind; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); Sun: corona; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Intermittency in the Expanding Solar Wind: Observations from Parker Solar Probe (0.16 au), Helios 1 (0.3-1 au), and Voyager 1 (1-10 au)

We examine statistics of magnetic-field vector components to explore how intermittency evolves from near-Sun plasma to radial distances as large as 10 au. Statistics entering the analysis include autocorrelation, magnetic structure functions of the order of n (SF$_ n $), and scale-dependent kurtosis (SDK), each grouped in ranges of heliocentric distance. The Goddard Space Flight Center Space Physics Data Facility provides magnetic-field measurements for resolutions of 6.8 ms for Parker Solar Probe, 6 s for Helios, and 1.92 s ...

Cuesta, Manuel; Parashar, Tulasi; Chhiber, Rohit; Matthaeus, William;

Published by: \apjs      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ac45fa

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary magnetic fields; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; Interplanetary physics; 1534; 824; 1544; 830; 827; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Relativistic Particle Transport and Acceleration in Structured Plasma Turbulence

We discuss the phenomenon of energization of relativistic charged particles in three-dimensional incompressible MHD turbulence and the diffusive properties of the motion of the same particles. We show that the random electric field induced by turbulent plasma motion leads test particles moving in a simulated box to be accelerated in a stochastic way, a second-order Fermi process. A small fraction of these particles happen to be trapped in large- scale structures, most likely formed due to the interaction of islands in the tu ...

Pezzi, Oreste; Blasi, Pasquale; Matthaeus, William;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac5332

Parker Data Used; Magnetohydrodynamics; cosmic rays; Particle astrophysics; 1964; 329; 96; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Physics - Plasma Physics

Core Electron Heating by Triggered Ion Acoustic Waves in the Solar Wind

Perihelion passes on Parker Solar Probe orbits 6-9 have been studied to show that solar wind core electrons emerged from 15 solar radii with a temperature of 55 \ensuremath\pm 5 eV, independent of the solar wind speed, which varied from 300 to 800 km s$^-1$. After leaving 15 solar radii and in the absence of triggered ion acoustic waves at greater distances, the core electron temperature varied with radial distance, R, in solar radii, as 1900R $^-4/3$ eV because of cooling produced by the adiabatic expansion. The coefficient ...

Mozer, F.~S.; Bale, S.~D.; Cattell, C.~A.; Halekas, J.; Vasko, I.~Y.; Verniero, J.~L.; Kellogg, P.~J.;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac5520

Parker Data Used; Solar corona; Solar wind; 1483; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Statistical Analysis of Intermittency and its Association with Proton Heating in the Near-Sun Environment

We use data from the first six encounters of the Parker Solar Probe and employ the partial variance of increments (PVI) method to study the statistical properties of coherent structures in the inner heliosphere with the aim of exploring physical connections between magnetic field intermittency and observable consequences such as plasma heating and turbulence dissipation. Our results support proton heating localized in the vicinity of, and strongly correlated with, magnetic structures characterized by PVI \ensuremath\geq 1. W ...

Sioulas, Nikos; Velli, Marco; Chhiber, Rohit; Vlahos, Loukas; Matthaeus, William; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Cuesta, Manuel; Shi, Chen; Bowen, Trevor; Qudsi, Ramiz; Stevens, Michael; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4fc1

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Plasma astrophysics; 1534; 1544; 1261; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Langmuir-Slow Extraordinary Mode Magnetic Signature Observations with Parker Solar Probe

Radio emission from interplanetary shocks, planetary foreshocks, and some solar flares occurs in the so-called plasma emission framework. The generally accepted scenario begins with electrostatic Langmuir waves that are driven by a suprathermal electron beam on the Landau resonance. These Langmuir waves then mode-convert to freely propagating electromagnetic emissions at the local plasma frequency f $_ pe $ and/or its harmonic 2f $_ pe $. However, the details of the physics of mode conversion are unclear, and so far the ...

Larosa, A.; de Wit, Dudok; Krasnoselskikh, V.; Bale, S.~D.; Agapitov, O.; Bonnell, J.; Froment, C.; Goetz, K.; Harvey, P.; Halekas, J.; Kretzschmar, M.; MacDowall, R.; Malaspina, David; Moncuquet, M.; Niehof, J.; Pulupa, M.; Revillet, C.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4e85

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Plasma physics; Space plasmas; 1534; 2089; 1544

Suprathermal Ion Energy Spectra and Anisotropies near the Heliospheric Current Sheet Crossing Observed by the Parker Solar Probe during Encounter 7

We present observations of \ensuremath\gtrsim10-100 keV nucleon$^-1$ suprathermal (ST) H, He, O, and Fe ions associated with crossings of the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) at radial distances of <0.1 au from the Sun. Our key findings are as follows: (1) very few heavy ions are detected during the first full crossing, the heavy-ion intensities are reduced during the second partial crossing and peak just after the second crossing; (2) ion arrival times exhibit no velocity dispersion; (3) He pitch-angle distributions track t ...

Desai, M.~I.; Mitchell, D.~G.; McComas, D.~J.; Drake, J.~F.; Phan, T.; Szalay, J.~R.; Roelof, E.~C.; Giacalone, J.; Hill, M.~E.; Christian, E.~R.; Schwadron, N.~A.; McNutt, R.~L.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; Joyce, C.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Davis, A.~J.; Krimigis, S.~M.; Leske, R.~A.; Matthaeus, W.~H.; Malandraki, O.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Labrador, A.; Stone, E.~C.; Bale, S.~D.; Verniero, J.; Rahmati, A.; Whittlesey, P.; Livi, R.; Larson, D.; Pulupa, M.; MacDowall, R.~J.; Niehof, J.~T.; Kasper, J.~C.; Horbury, T.~S.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4961

Parker Data Used; The Sun; Solar magnetic reconnection; Interplanetary particle acceleration; interplanetary magnetic fields; Heliosphere; 1693; 1504; 826; 824; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Flux rope and dynamics of the heliospheric current sheet. Study of the Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter conjunction of June 2020

Context. Solar Orbiter and Parker Solar Probe jointly observed the solar wind for the first time in June 2020, capturing data from very different solar wind streams: calm, Alfv\ enic wind and also highly dynamic large-scale structures. Context. Our aim is to understand the origin and characteristics of the highly dynamic solar wind observed by the two probes, particularly in the vicinity of the heliospheric current sheet (HCS). \ Methods: We analyzed the plasma data obtained by Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter in situ du ...

Réville, V.; Fargette, N.; Rouillard, A.~P.; Lavraud, B.; Velli, M.; Strugarek, A.; Parenti, S.; Brun, A.~S.; Shi, C.; Kouloumvakos, A.; Poirier, N.; Pinto, R.~F.; Louarn, P.; Fedorov, A.; Owen, C.~J.; enot, V.; Horbury, T.~S.; Laker, R.; Brien, H.; Angelini, V.; Fauchon-Jones, E.; Kasper, J.~C.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202142381

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); magnetic reconnection; methods: numerical; methods: data analysis; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Analysis of the Distribution, Rotation and Scale Characteristics of Solar Wind Switchbacks: Comparison between the First and Second Encounters of Parker Solar Probe

The S-shaped magnetic structure in the solar wind formed by the twisting of magnetic field lines is called a switchback, whose main characteristics are the reversal of the magnetic field and the significant increase in the solar wind radial velocity. We identify 242 switchbacks during the first two encounters of Parker Solar Probe. Statistics methods are applied to analyze the distribution and the rotation angle and direction of the magnetic field rotation of the switchbacks. The diameter of switchbacks is estimated with a m ...

Meng, Ming-Ming; Liu, Ying; Chen, Chong; Wang, Rui;

Published by: Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1088/1674-4527/ac49e4

Parker Data Used; ISM: magnetic fields; methods: statistical; (Sun:) solar wind; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

An Extended and Fragmented Alfv\ en Zone in the Young Solar Wind

Motivated by theoretical, numerical, and observational evidence, we explore the possibility that the critical transition between sub-Alfv\ enic flow and super-Alfv\ enic flow in the solar atmosphere takes place in fragmented and disconnected subvolumes within a general Alfv\ en critical zone. The initial observations of sub-Alfv\ enic periods by Parker Solar Probe near 16 R$_\ensuremath\odot$ do not yet provide sufficient evidence to distinguish this possibility from that of a folded surface that separates simply-connected r ...

Chhiber, Rohit; Matthaeus, William; Usmanov, Arcadi; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Goldstein, Melvyn;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stac779

Parker Data Used; Sun: corona; Solar wind; turbulence

Categorizing MHD Discontinuities in the Inner Heliosphere by Utilizing the PSP Mission

The interplanetary discontinuities (IDs) have been widely observed in astrophysical and space plasmas, while their characteristics and evolutions within 0.3 AU are still unclear due to the limitation of spacecraft orbits in previous missions. Here, we report three ID events, including a rotational discontinuity (RD), a tangential discontinuity (TD), and a suspected contact discontinuity (CD), detected by the Parker Solar Probe in a previously unexplored region of the heliosphere as close to the Sun as 0.13 AU. By the combina ...

Liu, Y.~Y.; Fu, H.~S.; Cao, J.~B.; Yu, Y.; Liu, C.~M.; Wang, Z.; Guo, Z.~Z.; He, R.~J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029983

Parker Data Used

PSP Observations of a Slow Shock Pair Bounding a Large-Scale Plasmoid/Macro Magnetic Hole

Slow shocks are introduced to be the main dissipation sites in Petschek reconnection model, but they are seldom observed in interplanetary space. We report a slow shock pair bounding a plasmoid/macro magnetic hole observed by Parker Solar Probe. The jump conditions across the shocks are examined and confirmed to satisfy the Rankine-Hugoniot relations. The flow speed in the preshock and postshock regions of both shocks match up with the characteristics of slow shocks. The slow shock pair is suggested to be a part of a curved ...

Zhou, Zilu; Xu, Xiaojun; Zuo, Pingbing; Wang, Yi; Wang, Ludi; Ye, Yudong; Wang, Ming; Chang, Qing; Wang, Xing; Luo, Lei;

Published by: \grl      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021GL097564

Parker Data Used; slow shocks; magnetic reconnection; Solar wind; magnetic hole

The Kinetic Expansion of Solar-wind Electrons: Transport Theory and Predictions for the Very Inner Heliosphere

We propose a transport theory for the kinetic evolution of solar-wind electrons in the heliosphere. We derive a gyro-averaged kinetic transport equation that accounts for the spherical expansion of the solar wind and the geometry of the Parker spiral magnetic field. To solve our three-dimensional kinetic equation, we develop a mathematical approach that combines the Crank-Nicolson scheme in velocity space and a finite-difference Euler scheme in configuration space. We initialize our model with isotropic electron distribution ...

Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Verscharen, Daniel; Vocks, Christian; Abraham, Joel; Owen, Christopher; Wicks, Robert; Fazakerley, Andrew; Stansby, David; Ber\vci\vc, Laura; Nicolaou, Georgios; Rueda, Jeffersson; Bakrania, Mayur;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac4805

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Space plasmas; Heliosphere; Theoretical models; 1534; 1544; 711; 2107; Physics - Space Physics

An analytical model for dust impact voltage signals and its application to STEREO/WAVES data

Context. Dust impacts have been observed using radio and wave instruments onboard spacecraft since the 1980s. Voltage waveforms show typical impulsive signals generated by dust grains. \ Aims: We aim at developing models of how signals are generated to be able to link observed electric signals to the physical properties of the impacting dust. To validate the model, we use the Time Domain Sampler (TDS) subsystem of the STEREO/WAVES instrument which generates high- cadence time series of voltage pulses for each monopole. \ Met ...

Babic, Rackovic; Zaslavsky, A.; Issautier, K.; Meyer-Vernet, N.; Onic, D.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202142508

Solar wind; Sun: heliosphere; methods: analytical; methods: data analysis; meteorites; meteors; Meteoroids; Interplanetary medium

HiRISE - High-Resolution Imaging and Spectroscopy Explorer - Ultrahigh resolution, interferometric and external occulting coronagraphic science

Recent solar physics missions have shown the definite role of waves and magnetic fields deep in the inner corona, at the chromosphere- corona interface, where dramatic and physically dominant changes occur. HiRISE (High Resolution Imaging and Spectroscopy Explorer), the ambitious new generation ultra-high resolution, interferometric, and coronagraphic, solar physics mission, proposed in response to the ESA Voyage 2050 Call, would address these issues and provide the best-ever and most complete solar observatory, capable of u ...

elyi, Robertus; e, Luc; Fludra, Andrzej; Mathioudakis, Mihalis; Amari, T.; Belucz, B.; Berrilli, F.; Bogachev, S.; ee, Bols\; Bothmer, V.; Brun, S.; Dewitte, S.; de Wit, Dudok; Faurobert, M.; Gizon, L.; Gyenge, N.; os, M.~B.; Labrosse, N.; Matthews, S.; Meftah, M.; Morgan, H.; e, Pall\; Rochus, P.; Rozanov, E.; Schmieder, B.; Tsinganos, K.; Verwichte, E.; Zharkov, S.; Zuccarello, F.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R.;

Published by: Experimental Astronomy      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1007/s10686-022-09831-2

Solar physics mission; Ultra-high resolution; Interferometry; Coronagraph; Solar atmosphere; photosphere; chromosphere; Corona

Erratum: The Role of Alfv\ en Wave Dynamics on the Large-scale Properties of the Solar Wind: Comparing an MHD Simulation with Parker Solar Probe E1 data (2020, ApJS, 246, 24)

eville, Victor; Velli, Marco; Panasenco, Olga; Tenerani, Anna; Shi, Chen; Badman, Samuel; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, J.~C.; Stevens, Michael; Korreck, Kelly; Bonnell, J.~W.; Case, Anthony; de Wit, Thierry; Goetz, Keith; Harvey, Peter; Larson, Davin; Livi, Roberto; Malaspina, David; MacDowall, Robert; Pulupa, Marc; Whittlesey, Phyllis;

Published by: \apjs      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ac532e

Parker Data Used

In Situ Measurement of the Energy Fraction in Suprathermal and Energetic Particles at ACE, Wind, and PSP Interplanetary Shocks

The acceleration of charged particles by interplanetary shocks (IPs) can drain a nonnegligible fraction of the plasma pressure. In this study, we have selected 17 IPs observed in situ at 1 au by the Advanced Composition Explorer and the Wind spacecraft, and 1 shock at 0.8 au observed by Parker Solar Probe. We have calculated the time-dependent partial pressure of suprathermal and energetic particles (smaller and greater than 50 keV for protons and 30 keV for electrons, respectively) in both the upstream and downstream region ...

David, Liam; Fraschetti, Federico; Giacalone, Joe; Wimmer-Schweingruber, Robert; Berger, Lars; Lario, David;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac54af

Parker Data Used; Interplanetary shocks; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Space plasmas; 829; 826; 1544; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Energy Transfer, Discontinuities, and Heating in the Inner Heliosphere Measured with a Weak and Local Formulation of the Politano-Pouquet Law

The solar wind is a highly turbulent plasma for which the mean rate of energy transfer ɛ has been measured for a long time using the Politano-Pouquet (PP98) exact law. However, this law assumes statistical homogeneity that can be violated by the presence of discontinuities. Here, we introduce a new method based on the inertial dissipation $ D _I^{\sigma }$ whose analytical form is derived from incompressible magnetohydrodynamics; it can be considered as a weak and local (in space) formulation of the PP98 law whose expressio ...

David, V.; Galtier, S.; Sahraoui, F.; Hadid, L.~Z.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac524b

Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; Space plasmas; Solar wind; 830; 1544; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Energetic Particle Perpendicular Diffusion: Simulations and Theory in Noisy Reduced Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence

The transport of energetic charged particles (e.g., cosmic rays) in turbulent magnetic fields is usually characterized in terms of the diffusion parallel and perpendicular to a large-scale (or mean) magnetic field. The nonlinear guiding center theory has been a prominent perpendicular diffusion theory. A recent version of this theory, based on the random ballistic spreading of magnetic field lines and a backtracking correction (RBD/BC), has shown good agreement with test particle simulations for a two-component magnetic turb ...

Snodin, A.~P.; Jitsuk, T.; Ruffolo, D.; Matthaeus, W.~H.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6e6d

Parker Data Used; cosmic rays; magnetic fields; Particle astrophysics; 329; 994; 96; Physics - Plasma Physics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Physics - Space Physics

Discrepancy between the Low-frequency Cutoffs of Type III Radio Bursts Based on Simultaneous Observations by WIND and PSP

The cutoff frequency is an important characteristic parameter of type III radio bursts. Employing the radio data of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) in the encounter phases of its first five orbits, our previous work revealed that the maximum probability distribution of the cutoff frequency f $_ lo $ (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde680 kHz) is remarkably higher than that based on Ulysses and WIND (\raisebox-0.5ex\textasciitilde100 kHz) investigated by Leblanc et al. and Dulk et al. However, the main influencing factor of the disc ...

Ma, Bing; Chen, Ling; Wu, Dejin; Pulupa, Marc; Bale, Stuart;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac7525

Parker Data Used; Galaxy dynamics; Interplanetary physics; 591; 827

Features of Magnetic Field Switchbacks in Relation to the Local-field Geometry of Large-amplitude Alfv\ enic Oscillations: Wind and PSP Observations

In this Letter, we report observations of magnetic switchback (SB) features near 1 au using data from the Wind spacecraft. These features appear to be strikingly similar to the ones observed by the Parker Solar Probe mission closer to the Sun: namely, one- sided spikes (or enhancements) in the solar-wind bulk speed V that correlate/anticorrelate with the spikes seen in the radial- field component B $_ R $. In the solar-wind streams that we analyzed, these specific SB features near 1 au are associated with large-amplitude Alf ...

Bourouaine, Sofiane; Perez, Jean; Raouafi, Nour; Chandran, Benjamin; Bale, Stuart; Velli, Marco;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac67d9

Parker Data Used; Heliosphere; Solar wind; 711; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

PSP/WISPR Observations of Dust Density Depletion near the Sun. II. New Insights from within the Depletion Zone

Visible light observations from the Wide-field Imager for Solar PRobe (WISPR) aboard the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission offer a unique opportunity to study the dust environment near the Sun. The existence of a dust-free zone (DFZ) around stars was postulated almost a century ago. Despite numerous attempts to detect it from as close as 0.3 au, observational evidence of a circumsolar DFZ has remained elusive. Analysis of WISPR images obtained from heliocentric distances between 13.3-53.7 R $_\ensuremath\odot$ over multiple P ...

Stenborg, Guillermo; Howard, Russell; Vourlidas, Angelos; Gallagher, Brendan;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6b36

Parker Data Used; Circumstellar dust; Solar F corona; 236; 1991

The Effect of the Fluctuating Interplanetary Magnetic Field on the Cosmic Ray Intensity Profile of the Ground-level Enhancement (GLE) Events

We numerically integrate the equations of motion of a large number of GeV protons, released impulsively near the Sun, in order to study their time-intensity behavior at the location of an observer at 1 au. This is relevant to the interpretation of Ground Level Enhancements (GLEs) detected by neutron monitors on Earth. Generally, the observed time-intensity profiles reveal a single sharp rise, followed by slow decay. However, in the 1989 October 22 GLE event, there was an initial sharp spike followed by a secondary smaller sp ...

Moradi, Ashraf; Giacalone, Joe;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac66e0

Parker Data Used; Solar energetic particles; interplanetary magnetic fields; interplanetary turbulence; solar flares; Solar coronal mass ejections; Solar coronal mass ejection shocks; 1491; 824; 830; 1496; 310; 1997

Radial Evolution of Thermal and Suprathermal Electron Populations in the Slow Solar Wind from 0.13 to 0.5 au: Parker Solar Probe Observations

We develop and apply a bespoke fitting routine to a large volume of solar wind electron distribution data measured by Parker Solar Probe over its first five orbits, covering radial distances from 0.13 to 0.5 au. We characterize the radial evolution of the electron core, halo, and strahl populations in the slow solar wind during these orbits. The fractional densities of these three electron populations provide evidence for the growth of the combined suprathermal halo and strahl populations from 0.13 to 0.17 au. Moreover, the ...

Abraham, Joel; Owen, Christopher; Verscharen, Daniel; Bakrania, Mayur; Stansby, David; Wicks, Robert; Nicolaou, Georgios; Whittlesey, Phyllis; Rueda, Jeffersson; Jeong, Seong-Yeop; Ber\vci\vc, Laura;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6605

Parker Data Used; The Sun; Heliosphere; Plasma physics; Solar wind; 1693; 711; 2089; 1534; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

The Dynamic Structure of Coronal Hole Boundaries

The boundaries of solar coronal holes are difficult to uniquely define observationally but are sites of interest in part because the slow solar wind appears to originate there. The aim of this article is to explore the dynamics of interchange magnetic reconnection at different types of coronal hole boundaries- namely streamers and pseudostreamers-and their implications for the coronal structure. We describe synthetic observables derived from three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the atmosphere of the Sun in wh ...

Aslanyan, V.; Pontin, D.~I.; Scott, R.~B.; Higginson, A.~K.; Wyper, P.~F.; Antiochos, S.~K.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac69ed

Parker Data Used; Solar Physics; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar corona; Solar coronal holes; Slow solar wind; Magnetohydrodynamics; 1476; 1504; 1483; 1484; 1873; 1964

Contrasting Scaling Properties of Near-Sun Sub-Alfv\ enic and Super-Alfv\ enic Regions

Scale-invariance has rapidly established itself as one of the most used concepts in space plasmas to uncover underlying physical mechanisms via the scaling-law behavior of the statistical properties of field fluctuations. In this work, we characterize the scaling properties of the magnetic field fluctuations in a sub-alfv\ enic region in contrast with those of the nearby super-alfv\ enic zone during the ninth Parker Solar Probe perihelion. With our observations, (i) evidence of an extended self-similarity (ESS) for both the ...

Alberti, Tommaso; Benella, Simone; Carbone, Vincenzo; Consolini, Giuseppe; Quattrociocchi, Virgilio; Stumpo, Mirko;

Published by: Universe      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3390/universe8070338

Parker Data Used

Dissipation of hydromagnetic waves in viscous polytropic zone of solar wind including FLR corrections, Ohmic diffusion and Hall effect

In the polytropic zone of the solar wind, we have used the generalized polytrope pressure laws to investigate the dissipation of hydromagnetic waves and pressure anisotropy driven fluid instabilities in magnetized viscous plasmas including finite Larmor radius (FLR) corrections and non-ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) effects. The modified dispersion properties have been analyzed in the MHD and Chew-Goldberger-Low (CGL) limits for typical conditions of solar wind and corona. The theoretical results are found to be in good agr ...

Prajapati, Ram; Desta, Ephrem; Fok, Mei-Ching; Eritro, Tigistu;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stac1743

plasmas; MHD; waves; instabilities; Solar wind; Solar corona; magnetic fields

Constraining Global Coronal Models with Multiple Independent Observables

Global coronal models seek to produce an accurate physical representation of the Sun s atmosphere that can be used, for example, to drive space-weather models. Assessing their accuracy is a complex task, and there are multiple observational pathways to provide constraints and tune model parameters. Here, we combine several such independent constraints, defining a model- agnostic framework for standardized comparison. We require models to predict the distribution of coronal holes at the photosphere, and neutral line topology ...

Badman, Samuel; Brooks, David; Poirier, Nicolas; Warren, Harry; Petrie, Gordon; Rouillard, Alexis; Arge, Nick; Bale, Stuart; Agüero, Diego; Harra, Louise; Jones, Shaela; Kouloumvakos, Athanasios; Riley, Pete; Panasenco, Olga; Velli, Marco; Wallace, Samantha;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6610

Parker Data Used; Solar Physics; Solar corona; Solar coronal holes; Astronomical models; 1476; 1483; 1484; 86; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Isotropization and Evolution of Energy-containing Eddies in Solar Wind Turbulence: Parker Solar Probe, Helios 1, ACE, WIND, and Voyager 1

We examine the radial evolution of correlation lengths perpendicular ( $\lambda _C^\perp $ ) and parallel ( $\lambda _C^\parallel $ ) to the magnetic-field direction, computed from solar wind magnetic-field data measured by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) during its first eight orbits, Helios 1, Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE), WIND, and Voyager 1 spacecraft. Correlation lengths are grouped by an interval s alignment angle; the angle between the magnetic-field and solar wind velocity vectors (\ensuremath\Theta$_BV$). Parallel a ...

Cuesta, Manuel; Chhiber, Rohit; Roy, Sohom; Goodwill, Joshua; Pecora, Francesco; Jarosik, Jake; Matthaeus, William; Parashar, Tulasi; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi;

Published by: \apjl      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac73fd

Parker Data Used; Two-point correlation function; Heliosphere; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; 1951; 711; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

Influence of Large-scale Interplanetary Structures on the Propagation of Solar Energetic Particles: The Multispacecraft Event on 2021 October 9

An intense solar energetic particle (SEP) event was observed on 2021 October 9 by multiple spacecraft distributed near the ecliptic plane at heliocentric radial distances R \ensuremath\lesssim 1 au and within a narrow range of heliolongitudes. A stream interaction region (SIR), sequentially observed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) at R = 0.76 au and 48\textdegree east from Earth (\ensuremath\phi = E48\textdegree), STEREO-A (at R = 0.96 au, \ensuremath\phi = E39\textdegree), Solar Orbiter (SolO; at R = 0.68 au, \ensuremath\phi = ...

Lario, D.; Wijsen, N.; Kwon, R.~Y.; anchez-Cano, B.; Richardson, I.~G.; Pacheco, D.; Palmerio, E.; Stevens, M.~L.; Szabo, A.; Heyner, D.; Dresing, N.; omez-Herrero, R.; Carcaboso, F.; Aran, A.; Afanasiev, A.; Vainio, R.; Riihonen, E.; Poedts, S.; Brüden, M.; Xu, Z.~G.; Kollhoff, A.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6efd

Parker Data Used; Corotating streams; Solar energetic particles; Solar coronal mass ejection shocks; 314; 1491; 1997

Growth of Outward Propagating Fast-magnetosonic/Whistler Waves in the Inner Heliosphere Observed by Parker Solar Probe

The solar wind in the inner heliosphere has been observed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to exhibit abundant wave activities. The cyclotron wave modes responding to ions or electrons are among the most crucial wave components. However, their origin and evolution in the inner heliosphere close to the Sun remains a mystery. Specifically, it remains unknown whether it is an emitted signal from the solar atmosphere or an eigenmode growing locally in the heliosphere due to plasma instability. To address and resolve this controversy, ...

He, Jiansen; Wang, Ying; Zhu, Xingyu; Duan, Die; Verscharen, Daniel; Zhao, Guoqing;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6c8e

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; interplanetary turbulence; 1534; 830; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

First Measurements of Jovian Electrons by Parker Solar Probe/IS\ensuremath\odotIS within 0.5 au of the Sun

Energetic electrons of Jovian origin have been observed for decades throughout the heliosphere, as far as 11 au, and as close as 0.5 au, from the Sun. The treatment of Jupiter as a continuously emitting point source of energetic electrons has made Jovian electrons a valuable tool in the study of energetic electron transport within the heliosphere. We present observations of Jovian electrons measured by the EPI-Hi instrument in the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun instrument suite on Parker Solar Probe at distances ...

Mitchell, J.~G.; Leske, R.~A.; De Nolfo, G.~A.; Christian, E.~R.; Wiedenbeck, M.~E.; McComas, D.~J.; Cohen, C.~M.~S.; Cummings, A.~C.; Hill, M.~E.; Labrador, A.~W.; Mays, M.~L.; McNutt, R.~L.; Mewaldt, R.~A.; Mitchell, D.~G.; Odstrcil, D.; Schwadron, N.~A.; Stone, E.~C.; Szalay, J.~R.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac75ce

Parker Data Used; Interplanetary particle acceleration; Solar energetic particles; Corotating streams; interplanetary magnetic fields; Heliosphere; 826; 1491; 314; 824; 711

On the Transmission of Turbulent Structures across the Earth s Bow Shock

Collisionless shocks and plasma turbulence are crucial ingredients for a broad range of astrophysical systems. The shock-turbulence interaction, and in particular the transmission of fully developed turbulence across the quasi-perpendicular Earth s bow shock, is here addressed using a combination of spacecraft observations and local numerical simulations. An alignment between the Wind (upstream) and Magnetospheric Multiscale (downstream) spacecraft is used to study the transmission of turbulent structures across the shock, r ...

Trotta, Domenico; Pecora, Francesco; Settino, Adriana; Perrone, Denise; Hietala, Heli; Horbury, Timothy; Matthaeus, William; Burgess, David; Servidio, Sergio; Valentini, Francesco;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac7798

Parker Data Used; Shocks; Space plasmas; interplanetary turbulence; 2086; 1544; 830; Physics - Space Physics

The Dynamic Evolution of Solar Wind Streams Following Interchange Reconnection

Interchange reconnection is thought to play an important role in determining the dynamics and material composition of the slow solar wind that originates from near coronal-hole boundaries. To explore the implications of this process we simulate the dynamic evolution of a solar wind stream along a newly-opened magnetic flux tube. The initial condition is composed of a piecewise continuous dynamic equilibrium in which the regions above and below the reconnection site are extracted from steady-state solutions along open and clo ...

Scott, Roger; Bradshaw, Stephen; Linton, Mark;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac7144

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Solar magnetic reconnection; Solar magnetic fields; Solar corona; Heliosphere; 1534; 1504; 1503; 1483; 711; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics

MHD Turbulent Power Anisotropy in the Inner Heliosphere

We study anisotropic magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in the slow solar wind measured by Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and Solar Orbiter (SolO) during its first orbit from the perspective of variance anisotropy and correlation anisotropy. We use the Belcher \& Davis approach (M1) and a new method (M2) that decomposes a fluctuating vector into parallel and perpendicular fluctuating vectors. M1 and M2 calculate the transverse and parallel turbulence components relative to the mean magnetic field direction. The parallel turbulen ...

Adhikari, L.; Zank, G.~P.; Zhao, L.; Telloni, D.;

Published by: \apj      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac70cb

Parker Data Used; interplanetary turbulence; Slow solar wind; Solar wind; 830; 1873; 1534

The preferential orientation of magnetic switchbacks and its implications for solar magnetic flux transport

Context. Magnetic switchbacks in the solar wind are large deflections of the magnetic field vector, which often reverse their radial component, and are associated with a velocity spike consistent with their Alfv\ enic nature. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission revealed them to be a dominant feature of the near-Sun solar wind. Where and how they are formed remains unclear and subject to discussion. \ Aims: We investigate the orientation of the magnetic field deflections in switchbacks to determine if they are characterized ...

Fargette, Na; Lavraud, Benoit; Rouillard, Alexis; eville, Victor; Bale, Stuart; Kasper, Justin;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202243537

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: corona; Sun: photosphere; methods: data analysis; methods: statistical; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Space Physics

Structure and fluctuations of a slow ICME sheath observed at 0.5 au by the Parker Solar Probe

Context. Sheath regions ahead of interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) are compressed and turbulent global heliospheric structures. Their global and fine-scale structure are outstanding research problems, and only a few studies have been conducted on this topic closer to the Sun than 1 au. Comprehensive knowledge of the sheath structure and embedded fluctuations and of their evolution in interplanetary space is important for understanding their geoeffectiveness, their role in accelerating charged particles to high en ...

Kilpua, E.~K.~J.; Good, S.~W.; Ala-Lahti, M.; Osmane, A.; Pal, S.; Soljento, J.~E.; Zhao, L.~L.; Bale, S.;

Published by: \aap      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202142191

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs); shock waves; turbulence; Physics - Space Physics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

Searching for a Solar Source of Magnetic-Field Switchbacks in Parker Solar Probe s First Encounter

Parker Solar Probe observations show ubiquitous magnetic-field reversals closer to the Sun, often referred to as switchbacks . The switchbacks have been observed before in the solar wind near 1 AU and beyond, but their occurrence was historically rare. PSP measurements below \ensuremath\sim 0.2 AU show that switchbacks are, however, the most prominent structures in the young solar wind. In this work, we analyze remote-sensing observations of a small equatorial coronal hole to which PSP was connected during the perihel ...

de Pablos, D.; Samanta, T.; Badman, S.~T.; Schwanitz, C.; Bahauddin, S.~M.; Harra, L.~K.; Petrie, G.; Cormack, Mac; Mandrini, C.~H.; Raouafi, N.~E.; Pillet, Martinez; Velli, M.;

Published by: \solphys      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-022-02022-4

Parker Data Used; Solar wind; Coronal holes; Observations

On the properties of Alfv\ enic switchbacks in the expanding solar wind: Three-dimensional numerical simulations

Switchbacks-abrupt reversals of the magnetic field within the solar wind-have been ubiquitously observed by Parker Solar Probe (PSP). Their origin, whether from processes near the solar surface or within the solar wind itself, remains under debate and likely has key implications for solar wind heating and acceleration. Here, using three-dimensional expanding box simulations, we examine the properties of switchbacks arising from the evolution of outwards-propagating Alfv\ en waves in the expanding solar wind in detail. Our go ...

Johnston, Zade; Squire, Jonathan; Mallet, Alfred; Meyrand, Romain;

Published by: Physics of Plasmas      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1063/5.0097983

Parker Data Used; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Physics - Plasma Physics

MHD-scale anisotropy in solar wind turbulence near the Sun using Parker solar probe data

Recent Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations have shown the presence of sudden reversals in the radial magnetic field, known as switchbacks. Applying a method based on wavelet analysis, here we study the nature of power and spectral-index anisotropies in switchback and non-switchback intervals using PSP data. While a similar spectral-index anisotropy, consistent with critical balance, is found in the switchback and non-switchback intervals, power anisotropy is more enhanced in the non- switchback samples. This result may be ...

Sakshee, Sakshee; Bandyopadhyay, Riddhi; Banerjee, Supratik;

Published by: \mnras      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stac1449

Parker Data Used; MHD; turbulence; methods: data analysis; Solar wind



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