TitleDYNAMICS OF DOUBLE LAYERS, ION ACCELERATION, AND HEAT FLUX SUPPRESSION DURING SOLAR FLARES
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsLi, TC, Drake, JF, Swisdak, M
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Volume793
Issue1
Pagination7
Date Published09/2014
Keywordsacceleration of particles; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; parker solar probe; Physics - Plasma Physics; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Sun: corona; Sun: flares
Abstract

Observations of flare-heated electrons in the corona typically suggest confinement of electrons. The confinement mechanism, however, remains unclear. The transport of coronal hot electrons into ambient plasma was recently investigated by particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations. Electron transport was significantly suppressed by the formation of a highly localized, nonlinear electrostatic potential in the form of a double layer (DL). In this work large-scale PIC simulations are performed to explore the dynamics of DLs in larger systems where, instead of a single DL, multiple DLs are generated. The primary DL accelerates return current electrons, resulting in high velocity electron beams that interact with ambient ions. This forms a Buneman unstable system that spawns more DLs. Trapping of heated return current electrons between multiple DLs strongly suppresses electron transport. DLs also accelerate ambient ions and produce strong ion flows over an extended region. This clarifies the mechanism by which hot electrons in the corona couple to and accelerate ions to form the solar wind. These new dynamics in larger systems reveal a more likely picture of DL development and their impact on the ambient plasma in the solar corona. They are applicable to the preparation for in situ coronal space missions like the Solar Probe Plus.

URLhttp://stacks.iop.org/0004-637X/793/i=1/a=7?key=crossref.1ff276d1b5e9632b2d52ebb5720bc5e6
DOI10.1088/0004-637X/793/1/7
Short TitleApJ


Page Last Modified: February 11, 2019