TitleA New Inner Heliosphere Proton Parameter Dataset from the Helios Mission
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsStansby, D, Salem, C, Matteini, L, Horbury, T
JournalSolar Physics
Date Published11/2018
KeywordsAstrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Heliosphere; Inner heliosphere; parker solar probe; Physics - Space Physics; Solar Probe Plus; Solar wind; Solar wind protons

In the near future, Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter will provide the first comprehensive in-situ measurements of the solar wind in the inner heliosphere since the Helios mission in the 1970s. We describe a reprocessing of the original Helios ion distribution functions to provide reliable and reproducible data to characterise the proton core population of the solar wind in the inner heliosphere. A systematic fitting of bi-Maxwellian distribution functions was performed to the raw Helios ion distribution function data to extract the proton core number density, velocity, and temperatures parallel and perpendicular to the magnetic field. We present radial trends of these derived proton parameters, forming a benchmark to which new measurements in the inner heliosphere will be compared. The new dataset has been made openly available for other researchers to use, along with the source code used to generate it.

Short TitleSol Phys

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