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Authors: Tsurutani Bruce T., Lakhina Gurbax S., Sen Abhijit, Hellinger Petr, Glassmeier Karl-Heinz, et al.
Title: A Review of Alfvénic Turbulence in High-Speed Solar Wind Streams: Hints From Cometary Plasma Turbulence
Abstract:

Solar wind turbulence within high-speed streams is reviewed from the point of view of embedded single nonlinear Alfvén wave cycles, discontinuities, magnetic decreases (MDs), and shocks. For comparison and guidance, cometary plasma turbulence is also briefly reviewed. It is demonstrated that cometary nonlinear magnetosonic waves phase-steepen, with a right-hand circular polarized foreshortened front and an elongated, compressive trailing edge. The former part is a form of "wave breaking" and the latter that of "period doubling." Interplanetary nonlinear Alfvén waves, which are arc polarized, have a 180° foreshortened front and with an elongated trailing edge. Alfvén waves have polarizations different from those of cometary magnetosonic waves, indicating that helicity is a durable fe. . .
Date: Jan-04-2018 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Pages: 2458 - 2492 DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v123.410.1002/2017JA024203 Available at: https://api.wiley.com/onlinelibrary/tdm/v1/articles/10.1002%2F2017JA024203
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Authors: Tsurutani Bruce T., Lakhina Gurbax S., Sen Abhijit, Hellinger Petr, Glassmeier Karl-Heinz, et al.
Title: A Review of Alfvénic Turbulence in High-Speed Solar Wind Streams: Hints From Cometary Plasma Turbulence
Abstract:

Solar wind turbulence within high-speed streams is reviewed from the point of view of embedded single nonlinear Alfvén wave cycles, discontinuities, magnetic decreases (MDs), and shocks. For comparison and guidance, cometary plasma turbulence is also briefly reviewed. It is demonstrated that cometary nonlinear magnetosonic waves phase-steepen, with a right-hand circular polarized foreshortened front and an elongated, compressive trailing edge. The former part is a form of "wave breaking" and the latter that of "period doubling." Interplanetary nonlinear Alfvén waves, which are arc polarized, have a 180° foreshortened front and with an elongated trailing edge. Alfvén waves have polarizations different from those of cometary magnetosonic waves, indicating that helicity is a durable fe. . .
Date: Jan-04-2018 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Pages: 2458 - 2492 DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v123.410.1002/2017JA024203 Available at: https://api.wiley.com/onlinelibrary/tdm/v1/articles/10.1002%2F2017JA024203
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Authors: Tracy Patrick J., Kasper Justin C., Raines Jim M., Shearer Paul, Gilbert Jason A., et al.
Title: Constraining Solar Wind Heating Processes by Kinetic Properties of Heavy Ions
Abstract:

We analyze the heavy ion components (A >4 amu ) in collisionally young solar wind plasma and show that there is a clear, stable dependence of temperature on mass, probably reflecting the conditions in the solar corona. We consider both linear and power law forms for the dependence and find that a simple linear fit of the form Ti/Tp=(1.35 ±.02 )mi/mp describes the observations twice as well as the equivalent best fit power law of the form Ti/Tp=(mi/mp) 1.07 ±.01 . Most importantly we find that current model predictions based on turbulent transport and kinetic dissipation are in agreement with observed nonthermal heating in intermediate collisional age plasma for m /q <3.5 , but are . . .
Date: 06/2016 Publisher: Physical Review Letters DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.255101 Available at: https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.255101
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Authors: Tracy Patrick J., Kasper Justin C., Raines Jim M., Shearer Paul, Gilbert Jason A., et al.
Title: Constraining Solar Wind Heating Processes by Kinetic Properties of Heavy Ions
Abstract:

We analyze the heavy ion components (A >4 amu ) in collisionally young solar wind plasma and show that there is a clear, stable dependence of temperature on mass, probably reflecting the conditions in the solar corona. We consider both linear and power law forms for the dependence and find that a simple linear fit of the form Ti/Tp=(1.35 ±.02 )mi/mp describes the observations twice as well as the equivalent best fit power law of the form Ti/Tp=(mi/mp) 1.07 ±.01 . Most importantly we find that current model predictions based on turbulent transport and kinetic dissipation are in agreement with observed nonthermal heating in intermediate collisional age plasma for m /q <3.5 , but are . . .
Date: 06/2016 Publisher: Physical Review Letters DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.255101 Available at: https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.255101
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Authors: Tenerani Anna, Velli Marco, Matteini Lorenzo, Réville Victor, Shi Chen, et al.
Title: Magnetic Field Kinks and Folds in the Solar Wind
Abstract:

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations during its first encounter at 35.7 R have shown the presence of magnetic field lines that are strongly perturbed to the point that they produce local inversions of the radial magnetic field, known as switchbacks. Their counterparts in the solar wind velocity field are local enhancements in the radial speed, or jets, displaying (in all components) the velocity-magnetic field correlation typical of large amplitude Alfvén waves propagating away from the Sun. Switchbacks and radial jets have previously been observed over a wide range of heliocentric distances by Helios, Wind, and Ulysses, although they were prevalent in significantly faster streams than seen at PSP. Here we study via numerical magnetohydrodynamics simulations the evolutio. . .
Date: 02/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Pages: 32 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab53e1 Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4365/ab53e1
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Authors: Tenerani Anna, Velli Marco, Matteini Lorenzo, Réville Victor, Shi Chen, et al.
Title: Magnetic Field Kinks and Folds in the Solar Wind
Abstract:

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) observations during its first encounter at 35.7 R have shown the presence of magnetic field lines that are strongly perturbed to the point that they produce local inversions of the radial magnetic field, known as switchbacks. Their counterparts in the solar wind velocity field are local enhancements in the radial speed, or jets, displaying (in all components) the velocity─magnetic field correlation typical of large amplitude Alfvén waves propagating away from the Sun. Switchbacks and radial jets have previously been observed over a wide range of heliocentric distances by Helios, Wind, and Ulysses, although they were prevalent in significantly faster streams than seen at PSP. Here we study via numerical magnetohydrodynamics simulations the evolut. . .
Date: 02/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Pages: 32 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab53e1 Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4365/ab53e1
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Authors: Telloni Daniele, Giordano Silvio, and Antonucci Ester
Title: On the Fast Solar Wind Heating and Acceleration Processes: A Statistical Study Based on the UVCS Survey Data
Abstract:

The UltraViolet Coronagraph Spectrometer (UVCS) on board the SOlar and Heliospheric Observatory has almost continuously observed, throughout the whole solar cycle 23, the UV solar corona. This work addresses the first-ever statistical analysis of the daily UVCS observations, performed in the O VI channel, of the northern polar coronal hole, between 1.5 and 3 R , during the period of low solar activity from 1996 April to 1997 December. The study is based on the investigation, at different heights, of the correlation between the variance of the O VI 1031.92 Å spectral line and the O VI 1031.92, 1037.61 Å doublet intensity ratio, which are proxies of the kinetic temperature of the O5+ ions and of the speed of the oxygen component of the fast solar wind, respectiv. . .
Date: 08/2019 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: L36 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab3731 Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/2041-8213/ab3731
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Authors: Telloni Daniele, Giordano Silvio, and Antonucci Ester
Title: On the Fast Solar Wind Heating and Acceleration Processes: A Statistical Study Based on the UVCS Survey Data
Abstract:

The UltraViolet Coronagraph Spectrometer (UVCS) on board the SOlar and Heliospheric Observatory has almost continuously observed, throughout the whole solar cycle 23, the UV solar corona. This work addresses the first-ever statistical analysis of the daily UVCS observations, performed in the O VI channel, of the northern polar coronal hole, between 1.5 and 3 R , during the period of low solar activity from 1996 April to 1997 December. The study is based on the investigation, at different heights, of the correlation between the variance of the O VI 1031.92 Å spectral line and the O VI 1031.92, 1037.61 Å doublet intensity ratio, which are proxies of the kinetic temperature of the O5+ ions and of the speed of the oxygen component of the fast solar wind, respectiv. . .
Date: 08/2019 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: L36 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab3731 Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/2041-8213/ab3731
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