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Authors: Luhmann J. G., Gopalswamy N., Jian L. K., and Lugaz N.
Title: ICME Evolution in the Inner Heliosphere
Abstract:

ICMEs (interplanetary coronal mass ejections), the heliospheric counterparts of what is observed with coronagraphs at the Sun as CMEs, have been the subject of intense interest since their close association with geomagnetic storms was established in the 1980s. These major interplanetary plasma and magnetic field transients, often preceded and accompanied by solar energetic particles (SEPs), interact with planetary magnetospheres, ionospheres, and upper atmospheres in now fairly well-understood ways, although their details and context affect their overall impacts. The term ICME as it is used here refers to the complete solar-wind plasma and field disturbance, including the leading shock (if present), the compressed, deflected solar-wind plasma and the field behind the shock ("sheath"), a. . .
Date: 04/2020 Publisher: Solar Physics DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01624-0 Available at: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11207-020-01624-0
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Authors: Luhmann J. G., Gopalswamy N., Jian L. K., and Lugaz N.
Title: ICME Evolution in the Inner Heliosphere
Abstract:

ICMEs (interplanetary coronal mass ejections), the heliospheric counterparts of what is observed with coronagraphs at the Sun as CMEs, have been the subject of intense interest since their close association with geomagnetic storms was established in the 1980s. These major interplanetary plasma and magnetic field transients, often preceded and accompanied by solar energetic particles (SEPs), interact with planetary magnetospheres, ionospheres, and upper atmospheres in now fairly well-understood ways, although their details and context affect their overall impacts. The term ICME as it is used here refers to the complete solar-wind plasma and field disturbance, including the leading shock (if present), the compressed, deflected solar-wind plasma and the field behind the shock ("sheath"), a. . .
Date: 04/2020 Publisher: Solar Physics DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01624-0 Available at: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11207-020-01624-0
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Authors: Longcope Dana
Title: Using Kepler’s laws and Rutherford scattering to chart the seven gravity assists in the epic sunward journey of the Parker Solar Probe
Abstract:

On August 12, 2018, NASA launched the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to explore regions very near the Sun. Losing enough energy and angular momentum to approach the Sun requires either an impractical amount of fuel or a maneuver called a gravity assist. A gravity assist is essentially an elastic collision with a massive, moving target—Rutherford scattering from a planet. Gravity assists are often used to gain energy in missions destined for the outer solar system, but they can also be used to lose energy. Reaching an orbit sufficiently close to the Sun requires that PSP undergoes not one but seven successive gravity assists off the planet Venus. This simple description poses several conceptual challenges to the curious physics student. Why is it so much more challenging to get to the Sun th. . .
Date: 01/2020 Publisher: American Journal of Physics Pages: 11 - 19 DOI: 10.1119/10.0000145 Available at: http://aapt.scitation.org/doi/10.1119/10.0000145http://aapt.scitation.org/doi/pdf/10.1119/10.0000145
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Authors: Longcope Dana
Title: Using Kepler's laws and Rutherford scattering to chart the seven gravity assists in the epic sunward journey of the Parker Solar Probe
Abstract:

On August 12, 2018, NASA launched the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) to explore regions very near the Sun. Losing enough energy and angular momentum to approach the Sun requires either an impractical amount of fuel or a maneuver called a gravity assist. A gravity assist is essentially an elastic collision with a massive, moving target—Rutherford scattering from a planet. Gravity assists are often used to gain energy in missions destined for the outer solar system, but they can also be used to lose energy. Reaching an orbit sufficiently close to the Sun requires that PSP undergoes not one but seven successive gravity assists off the planet Venus. This simple description poses several conceptual challenges to the curious physics student. Why is it so much more challenging to get to the Sun th. . .
Date: 01/2020 Publisher: American Journal of Physics Pages: 11 - 19 DOI: 10.1119/10.0000145 Available at: http://aapt.scitation.org/doi/10.1119/10.0000145http://aapt.scitation.org/doi/pdf/10.1119/10.0000145
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Authors: Lipatov Alexander S., Jr. Edward C. Sittler, Hartle Richard E., and Cooper John F.
Title: Short wavelength electromagnetic perturbations excited near the Solar Probe Plus spacecraft in the inner heliosphere: 2.5D hybrid modeling
Abstract:

A 2.5D numerical plasma model of the interaction of the solar wind (SW) with the Solar Probe Plus spacecraft (SPPSC) is presented. These results should be interpreted as a basic plasma model derived from the SW interaction with the spacecraft (SC), which could have consequences for both plasma wave and electron plasma measurements on board the SC in the inner heliosphere. Compression waves and electric field jumps with amplitudes of about 1.5 V/m and (12-18) V/m were also observed. A strong polarization electric field was also observed in the wing of the plasma wake. However, 2.5D hybrid modeling did not show excitation of whistler/Alfvén waves in the upstream connected with the bi-directional current closure that was observed in short-time 3D modeling SPPSC and near a tether in the io. . .
Date: 03/2012 Publisher: Planetary and Space Science Pages: 61 - 68 DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2011.12.008 Available at: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0032063311003527https://api.elsevier.com/content/article/PII:S0032063311003527?httpAccept=text/xmlhttps://api.elsevier.com/content/article/PII:S0032063311003527?httpAccept=text/plain
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Authors: Lipatov Alexander S., Jr. Edward C. Sittler, Hartle Richard E., and Cooper John F.
Title: Short wavelength electromagnetic perturbations excited near the Solar Probe Plus spacecraft in the inner heliosphere: 2.5D hybrid modeling
Abstract:

A 2.5D numerical plasma model of the interaction of the solar wind (SW) with the Solar Probe Plus spacecraft (SPPSC) is presented. These results should be interpreted as a basic plasma model derived from the SW interaction with the spacecraft (SC), which could have consequences for both plasma wave and electron plasma measurements on board the SC in the inner heliosphere. Compression waves and electric field jumps with amplitudes of about 1.5 V/m and (12-18) V/m were also observed. A strong polarization electric field was also observed in the wing of the plasma wake. However, 2.5D hybrid modeling did not show excitation of whistler/Alfvén waves in the upstream connected with the bi-directional current closure that was observed in short-time 3D modeling SPPSC and near a tether in the io. . .
Date: 03/2012 Publisher: Planetary and Space Science Pages: 61 - 68 DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2011.12.008 Available at: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0032063311003527https://api.elsevier.com/content/article/PII:S0032063311003527?httpAccept=text/xmlhttps://api.elsevier.com/content/article/PII:S0032063311003527?httpAccept=text/plain
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Authors: Li T. C., Drake J. F., and Swisdak M.
Title: DYNAMICS OF DOUBLE LAYERS, ION ACCELERATION, AND HEAT FLUX SUPPRESSION DURING SOLAR FLARES
Abstract:

Observations of flare-heated electrons in the corona typically suggest confinement of electrons. The confinement mechanism, however, remains unclear. The transport of coronal hot electrons into ambient plasma was recently investigated by particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations. Electron transport was significantly suppressed by the formation of a highly localized, nonlinear electrostatic potential in the form of a double layer (DL). In this work large-scale PIC simulations are performed to explore the dynamics of DLs in larger systems where, instead of a single DL, multiple DLs are generated. The primary DL accelerates return current electrons, resulting in high velocity electron beams that interact with ambient ions. This forms a Buneman unstable system that spawns more DLs. Trapping of hea. . .
Date: 09/2014 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: 7 DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/793/1/7 Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0004-637X/793/i=1/a=7?key=crossref.1ff276d1b5e9632b2d52ebb5720bc5e6
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Authors: Li T. C., Drake J. F., and Swisdak M.
Title: DYNAMICS OF DOUBLE LAYERS, ION ACCELERATION, AND HEAT FLUX SUPPRESSION DURING SOLAR FLARES
Abstract:

Observations of flare-heated electrons in the corona typically suggest confinement of electrons. The confinement mechanism, however, remains unclear. The transport of coronal hot electrons into ambient plasma was recently investigated by particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations. Electron transport was significantly suppressed by the formation of a highly localized, nonlinear electrostatic potential in the form of a double layer (DL). In this work large-scale PIC simulations are performed to explore the dynamics of DLs in larger systems where, instead of a single DL, multiple DLs are generated. The primary DL accelerates return current electrons, resulting in high velocity electron beams that interact with ambient ions. This forms a Buneman unstable system that spawns more DLs. Trapping of hea. . .
Date: 09/2014 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: 7 DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/793/1/7 Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0004-637X/793/i=1/a=7?key=crossref.1ff276d1b5e9632b2d52ebb5720bc5e6
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Authors: Lewis John S.
Title: Observability of spectroscopically active compounds in the atmosphere of Jupiter
Abstract:

The abundances of several hundred volatile compounds have been calculated at several different levels in the atmosphere of Jupiter. Complete chemical equilibrium has been assumed, and a solar-composition, adiabatic-equilibrium model of the atmospheric composition and structure is used throughout. The results which relate to upper limits on the abundances of spectroscopically active compounds in the upper atmosphere are, however, directly applicable to subadiabatic models. The principal results are that only H2, CH4, and NH3 are predicted to be observable with present techniques. These three species are in fact the only compounds conclusively identified in Jupiter spectra to date. A number of plausible previously suggested constituents of the upper atmosp. . .
Date: 05/1969 Publisher: Icarus Pages: 393 - 409 DOI: 10.1016/0019-1035(69)90094-3 Available at: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0019103569900943https://api.elsevier.com/content/article/PII:0019103569900943?httpAccept=text/xmlhttps://api.elsevier.com/content/article/PII:0019103569900943?httpAccept=text/plain
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Authors: Leske R. A., Christian E. R., Cohen C. M. S., Cummings A. C., Davis A. J., et al.
Title: Observations of the 2019 April 4 Solar Energetic Particle Event at the Parker Solar Probe
Abstract:

A solar energetic particle event was detected by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS☉IS) instrument suite on Parker Solar Probe (PSP) on 2019 April 4 when the spacecraft was inside of 0.17 au and less than 1 day before its second perihelion, providing an opportunity to study solar particle acceleration and transport unprecedentedly close to the source. The event was very small, with peak 1 MeV proton intensities of ̃0.3 particles (cm2 sr s MeV)−1, and was undetectable above background levels at energies above 10 MeV or in particle detectors at 1 au. It was strongly anisotropic, with intensities flowing outward from the Sun up to 30 times greater than those flowing inward persisting throughout the event. Temporal association between particle inc. . .
Date: 02/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Pages: 35 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5712 Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4365/ab5712
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Authors: Leske R. A., Christian E. R., Cohen C. M. S., Cummings A. C., Davis A. J., et al.
Title: Observations of the 2019 April 4 Solar Energetic Particle Event at the Parker Solar Probe
Abstract:

A solar energetic particle event was detected by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (IS☉IS) instrument suite on Parker Solar Probe (PSP) on 2019 April 4 when the spacecraft was inside of 0.17 au and less than 1 day before its second perihelion, providing an opportunity to study solar particle acceleration and transport unprecedentedly close to the source. The event was very small, with peak 1 MeV proton intensities of ̃0.3 particles (cm2 sr s MeV)-1, and was undetectable above background levels at energies above 10 MeV or in particle detectors at 1 au. It was strongly anisotropic, with intensities flowing outward from the Sun up to 30 times greater than those flowing inward persisting throughout the event. Temporal association between particle incre. . .
Date: 02/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Pages: 35 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5712 Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4365/ab5712
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Authors: Le Fur I, De Wit R, Plus M, Oheix J, Derolez V, et al.
Title: Re-oligotrophication trajectories of macrophyte assemblages in Mediterranean coastal lagoons based on 17-year time-series
Abstract:

No abstract


Date: 01/2019 Publisher: Marine Ecology Progress Series Pages: 13 - 32 DOI: 10.3354/meps12814 Available at: https://www.int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v608/p13-32/https://www.int-res.com/articles/meps_oa/m608p013.pdf
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Authors: Lawrence David J., Feldman William C., Gold Robert E., Goldsten John O., and McNutt Ralph L.
Title: The neutron, gamma-ray, X-ray spectrometer (NGXS): A compact instrument for making combined measurements of neutrons, gamma-rays, and X-rays
Abstract:

The Neutron, Gamma ray, and X-ray Spectrometer (NGXS) is a compact instrument designed to detect neutrons, gamma-rays, and hard X-rays. The original goal of NGXS was to detect and characterize neutrons, gamma-rays, and X-rays from the Sun as part of the Solar Probe Plus mission in order to provide direct insight into particle acceleration, magnetic reconnection, and cross-field transport processes that take place near the Sun. Based on high-energy neutron detections from prompt solar flares, it is estimated that the NGXS would detect neutrons from 15 to 24 impulsive flares. The NGXS sensitivity to 2.2 MeV gamma rays would enable a detection of ̃50-60 impulsive flares. The NGXS is estimated to measure ̃120 counts/s for a GOES C1-type flare at 0.1 AU, which allows for a large dynamic ra. . .
Date: 01/2014 Publisher: Acta Astronautica Pages: 524 - 529 DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2012.06.017 Available at: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S009457651200255Xhttps://api.elsevier.com/content/article/PII:S009457651200255X?httpAccept=text/xmlhttps://api.elsevier.com/content/article/PII:S009457651200255X?httpAccept=text/plain
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Authors: Lawrence David J., Feldman William C., Gold Robert E., Goldsten John O., and McNutt Ralph L.
Title: The neutron, gamma-ray, X-ray spectrometer (NGXS): A compact instrument for making combined measurements of neutrons, gamma-rays, and X-rays
Abstract:

The Neutron, Gamma ray, and X-ray Spectrometer (NGXS) is a compact instrument designed to detect neutrons, gamma-rays, and hard X-rays. The original goal of NGXS was to detect and characterize neutrons, gamma-rays, and X-rays from the Sun as part of the Solar Probe Plus mission in order to provide direct insight into particle acceleration, magnetic reconnection, and cross-field transport processes that take place near the Sun. Based on high-energy neutron detections from prompt solar flares, it is estimated that the NGXS would detect neutrons from 15 to 24 impulsive flares. The NGXS sensitivity to 2.2 MeV gamma rays would enable a detection of ̃50-60 impulsive flares. The NGXS is estimated to measure ̃120 counts/s for a GOES C1-type flare at 0.1 AU, which allows for a large dynamic ra. . .
Date: 01/2014 Publisher: Acta Astronautica Pages: 524 - 529 DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2012.06.017 Available at: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S009457651200255Xhttps://api.elsevier.com/content/article/PII:S009457651200255X?httpAccept=text/xmlhttps://api.elsevier.com/content/article/PII:S009457651200255X?httpAccept=text/plain
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Authors: Lavraud B., Fargette N., Réville V., Szabo A., Huang J., et al.
Title: The Heliospheric Current Sheet and Plasma Sheet during Parker Solar Probe’s First Orbit
Abstract:

We present heliospheric current sheet (HCS) and plasma sheet (HPS) observations during Parker Solar Probe's (PSP) first orbit around the Sun. We focus on the eight intervals that display a true sector boundary (TSB; based on suprathermal electron pitch angle distributions) with one or several associated current sheets. The analysis shows that (1) the main density enhancements in the vicinity of the TSB and HCS are typically associated with electron strahl dropouts, implying magnetic disconnection from the Sun, (2) the density enhancements are just about twice that in the surrounding regions, suggesting mixing of plasmas from each side of the HCS, (3) the velocity changes at the main boundaries are either correlated or anticorrelated with magnetic field changes, consistent with magnetic . . .
Date: 05/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: L19 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8d2d Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/2041-8213/ab8d2d
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Authors: Lavraud B., Fargette N., Réville V., Szabo A., Huang J., et al.
Title: The Heliospheric Current Sheet and Plasma Sheet during Parker Solar Probe’s First Orbit
Abstract:

We present heliospheric current sheet (HCS) and plasma sheet (HPS) observations during Parker Solar Probe’s (PSP) first orbit around the Sun. We focus on the eight intervals that display a true sector boundary (TSB; based on suprathermal electron pitch angle distributions) with one or several associated current sheets. The analysis shows that (1) the main density enhancements in the vicinity of the TSB and HCS are typically associated with electron strahl dropouts, implying magnetic disconnection from the Sun, (2) the density enhancements are just about twice that in the surrounding regions, suggesting mixing of plasmas from each side of the HCS, (3) the velocity changes at the main boundaries are either correlated or anticorrelated with magnetic field changes, consistent with magneti. . .
Date: 05/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: L19 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab8d2d Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/2041-8213/ab8d2d
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Authors: Lario D., Balmaceda L., Alzate N., Mays M. L., Richardson I. G., et al.
Title: The Streamer Blowout Origin of a Flux Rope and Energetic Particle Event Observed by Parker Solar Probe at 0.5 au
Abstract:

The distribution of spacecraft in the inner heliosphere during 2019 March enabled comprehensive observations of an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) that encountered Parker Solar Probe (PSP) at 0.547 au from the Sun. This ICME originated as a slow (∼311 km s-1) streamer blowout (SBO) on the Sun as measured by the white-light coronagraphs on board the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory-A and the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. Despite its low initial speed, the passage of the ICME at PSP was preceded by an anisotropic, energetic (≲100 keV/n) ion enhancement and by two interplanetary shocks. The ICME was embedded between slow (∼300 km s-1) solar wind and a following, relatively high-speed (∼500 km s-1), stream that most likely wa. . .
Date: 07/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: 134 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab9942 Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/ab9942https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/ab9942/
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Authors: Lario D.
Title: Estimation of the solar flare neutron worst-case fluxes and fluences for missions traveling close to the Sun
Abstract:

A method to estimate the total fluence of solar flare neutrons at a spacecraft traveling in the innermost part of the heliosphere (at heliocentric radial distances of <1 AU) is presented. The results of the neutron production and emissivity codes of Hua and Lingenfelter (1987a, 1987b) scaled to one of the largest solar neutron events ever observed at the Earth are used to derive a conservative estimate of the energy spectrum of neutrons emitted from the Sun after a large solar flare. By taking into account the survival probability of a neutron to reach a certain heliocentric distance, we evaluate the observed time-integrated spectrum of solar neutrons as a function of the heliocentric distance of the observer. By considering (1) a working relationship between the soft X-ray class of . . .
Date: 03/2012 Publisher: Space Weather Pages: n/a - n/a DOI: 10.1029/2011SW000732 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2011SW000732
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Authors: Lario D., Balmaceda L., Alzate N., Mays M. L., Richardson I. G., et al.
Title: The Streamer Blowout Origin of a Flux Rope and Energetic Particle Event Observed by Parker Solar Probe at 0.5 au
Abstract:

The distribution of spacecraft in the inner heliosphere during 2019 March enabled comprehensive observations of an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) that encountered Parker Solar Probe (PSP) at 0.547 au from the Sun. This ICME originated as a slow (\~311 km s-1) streamer blowout (SBO) on the Sun as measured by the white-light coronagraphs on board the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory-A and the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. Despite its low initial speed, the passage of the ICME at PSP was preceded by an anisotropic, energetic (≲100 keV/n) ion enhancement and by two interplanetary shocks. The ICME was embedded between slow (\~300 km s-1) solar wind and a following, relatively high-speed (\~500 km s-1), stream that most likely was r. . .
Date: 07/2020 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: 134 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab9942 Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/ab9942https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/ab9942/
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Authors: Lario D.
Title: Estimation of the solar flare neutron worst-case fluxes and fluences for missions traveling close to the Sun
Abstract:

A method to estimate the total fluence of solar flare neutrons at a spacecraft traveling in the innermost part of the heliosphere (at heliocentric radial distances of <1 AU) is presented. The results of the neutron production and emissivity codes of Hua and Lingenfelter (1987a, 1987b) scaled to one of the largest solar neutron events ever observed at the Earth are used to derive a conservative estimate of the energy spectrum of neutrons emitted from the Sun after a large solar flare. By taking into account the survival probability of a neutron to reach a certain heliocentric distance, we evaluate the observed time-integrated spectrum of solar neutrons as a function of the heliocentric distance of the observer. By considering (1) a working relationship between the soft X-ray class of . . .
Date: 03/2012 Publisher: Space Weather Pages: n/a - n/a DOI: 10.1029/2011SW000732 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2011SW000732
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Authors: Lario D., and Decker R. B.
Title: Estimation of solar energetic proton mission-integrated fluences and peak intensities for missions traveling close to the Sun
Abstract:

A method to estimate both solar energetic particle mission-integrated fluences and solar energetic particle peak intensities for missions traveling through the innermost part of the heliosphere (r < 1 AU) is presented. By using (1) an extensive data set of particle intensities measured at 1 AU over the last three solar cycles, (2) successive launch dates for the mission traveling close to the Sun over the time interval spanned by our data set, and (3) appropriate radial dependences to extrapolate fluences and peak intensities measured at 1 AU to the heliocentric radial distance of the mission at each specific time, we generate distributions of both mission-integrated fluences and maximum peak intensities. From these distributions we extract the values of mission-integrated fluence an. . .
Date: 11/2011 Publisher: Space Weather Pages: n/a - n/a DOI: 10.1029/2011SW000708 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2011SW000708
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Authors: Lario D., and Decker R. B.
Title: Estimation of solar energetic proton mission-integrated fluences and peak intensities for missions traveling close to the Sun
Abstract:

A method to estimate both solar energetic particle mission-integrated fluences and solar energetic particle peak intensities for missions traveling through the innermost part of the heliosphere (r < 1 AU) is presented. By using (1) an extensive data set of particle intensities measured at 1 AU over the last three solar cycles, (2) successive launch dates for the mission traveling close to the Sun over the time interval spanned by our data set, and (3) appropriate radial dependences to extrapolate fluences and peak intensities measured at 1 AU to the heliocentric radial distance of the mission at each specific time, we generate distributions of both mission-integrated fluences and maximum peak intensities. From these distributions we extract the values of mission-integrated fluence an. . .
Date: 11/2011 Publisher: Space Weather Pages: n/a - n/a DOI: 10.1029/2011SW000708 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2011SW000708
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Authors: Lapenta Giovanni, Zhukov Andrei, and van Driel-Gesztelyi Lidia
Title: Editorial: Solar Wind at the Dawn of the Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter Era
Abstract:

Solar Wind 15 brought together almost 250 experts from all continents of the world to discuss the current trends and future perspectives of the research on the Sun and its solar wind. The present article collection recaptures some of the highlights of their contributions.


Date: 07/2020 Publisher: Solar Physics DOI: 10.1007/s11207-020-01670-8 Available at: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11207-020-01670-8http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s11207-020-01670-8.pdf
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Authors: Lamy Philippe, Floyd Olivier, Mikic Zoran, and Riley Pete
Title: Validation of MHD Model Predictions of the Corona with LASCO-C2 Polarized Brightness Images
Abstract:

Progress in our understanding of the solar corona requires that the results of advanced magnetohydrodynamic models driven by measured magnetic fields, and particularly the underlying heating models, be thoroughly compared with coronal observations. The comparison has so far mainly concerned the global morphology of the corona, synthetic images calculated from the models being compared with observed images. We go one step further by performing detailed quantitative comparisons between the calculated polarized radiance p B using the three-dimensional electron density produced by MHD models and well calibrated polarized images obtained by the Large Angle Spectrometric Coronagraph LASCO-C2 coronagraph complemented by ground-based images when available from the Mauna Loa Solar Observatory Ma. . .
Date: 11/2019 Publisher: Solar Physics DOI: 10.1007/s11207-019-1549-9 Available at: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11207-019-1549-9http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s11207-019-1549-9.pdfhttp://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s11207-019-1549-9.pdfhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11207-019-1549-9/fulltext.html
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Authors: Lamy Philippe, Floyd Olivier, Mikic Zoran, and Riley Pete
Title: Validation of MHD Model Predictions of the Corona with LASCO-C2 Polarized Brightness Images
Abstract:

Progress in our understanding of the solar corona requires that the results of advanced magnetohydrodynamic models driven by measured magnetic fields, and particularly the underlying heating models, be thoroughly compared with coronal observations. The comparison has so far mainly concerned the global morphology of the corona, synthetic images calculated from the models being compared with observed images. We go one step further by performing detailed quantitative comparisons between the calculated polarized radiance p B using the three-dimensional electron density produced by MHD models and well calibrated polarized images obtained by the Large Angle Spectrometric Coronagraph LASCO-C2 coronagraph complemented by ground-based images when available from the Mauna Loa Solar Observatory Ma. . .
Date: 11/2019 Publisher: Solar Physics DOI: 10.1007/s11207-019-1549-9 Available at: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11207-019-1549-9http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s11207-019-1549-9.pdfhttp://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s11207-019-1549-9.pdfhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11207-019-1549-9/fulltext.html
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