Found 111 results
Author Title Type [ Year(Asc)]
2018
Authors: Roberts Merrill A, Uritsky Vadim M, DeVore Richard, and Karpen Judith T
Title: Simulated Encounters of the Parker Solar Probe with a Coronal-hole Jet
Abstract:

Solar coronal jets are small, transient, collimated ejections most easily observed in coronal holes (CHs). The upcoming Parker Solar Probe (PSP) mission provides the first opportunity to encounter CH jets in situ near the Sun and examine their internal structure and dynamics. Using projected mission orbital parameters, we have simulated PSP encounters with a fully three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model of a CH jet. We find that three internal jet regions, featuring different wave modes and levels of compressibility, have distinct identifying signatures detectable by PSP. The leading Alfvén wave front and its immediate wake are characterized by trans-Alfvénic plasma flows with mild density enhancements. This front exhibits characteristics of a fast switch-on MHD shock, whose. . .
Date: 10/2018 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: 14 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aadb41 Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0004-637X/866/i=1/a=14?key=crossref.839142d08cc9d207f0bd8fb8e2b59c4a
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Authors: Amicis Raffaella ’, Matteini Lorenzo, and Bruno Roberto
Title: On slow solar wind with high Alfvénicity: from composition and microphysics to spectral properties
Abstract:

Alfvénic fluctuations are very common features in the solar wind and are found especially within the main portion of fast-wind streams while the slow wind usually is less Alfvénic and more variable. In general, the fast and slow winds show many differences, which span from the large-scale structure to small-scale phenomena, including also a different turbulent behaviour. Recent studies, however, have shown that even the slow wind can sometimes be highly Alfvénic, with fluctuations as large as those of the fast wind. This study is devoted to presenting many facets of this Alfvénic slow solar wind, including for example the study of the source regions and their connection to coronal structures, large-scale properties, and microscale phenomena and also impact on the spectral features. . . .
Date: 3/2019 Publisher: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty3329 Available at: https://academic.oup.com/mnras/advance-article/doi/10.1093/mnras/sty3329/5245187http://academic.oup.com/mnras/advance-article-pdf/doi/10.1093/mnras/sty3329/27125375/sty3329.pdf
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Authors: Raza Nayyer, Van Waerbeke Ludovic, and Zhitnitsky Ariel
Title: Solar corona heating by axion quark nugget dark matter
Abstract:

In this work we advocate for the idea that two seemingly unrelated 80-year-old mysteries—the nature of dark matter and the high temperature of the million degree solar corona—may have resolutions that lie within the same physical framework. The current paradigm is that the corona is heated by nanoflares, which were originally proposed as miniature versions of the observed solar flares. It was recently suggested that the nanoflares could be identified as annihilation events of the nuggets from the axion quark nugget (AQN) dark matter model. This model was invented as an explanation of the observed ratio Ωdark̃Ωvisible, based only on cosmological and particle physics considerations. In this new paradigm, the AQN particles moving through the coronal plasma and . . .
Date: 11/2018 Publisher: Physical Review D DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.98.103527 Available at: http://harvest.aps.org/v2/journals/articles/10.1103/PhysRevD.98.103527/fulltext
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Authors: Venzmer M. S., and Bothmer V.
Title: Solar-wind predictions for the Parker Solar Probeorbit
Abstract:

Context. The Parker Solar Probe (PSP; formerly Solar Probe Plus) mission will be humanitys first in situ exploration of the solar corona with closest perihelia at 9.86 solar radii (R) distance to the Sun. It will help answer hitherto unresolved questions on the heating of the solar corona and the source and acceleration of the solar wind and solar energetic particles. The scope of this study is to model the solar-wind environment for PSPs unprecedented distances in its prime mission phase during the years 2018 to 2025. The study is performed within the Coronagraphic German And US SolarProbePlus Survey (CGAUSS) which is the German contribution to the PSP mission as part of the Wide-field Imager for Solar PRobe. Aim. We present an empirical solar-wind model for the inner hel. . .
Date: 03/2018 Publisher: Astronomy & Astrophysics Pages: A36 DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201731831 Available at: https://www.aanda.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201731831https://www.aanda.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201731831/pdf
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Authors: Reid Hamish A. S., and Kontar Eduard P.
Title: Spatial Expansion and Speeds of Type III Electron Beam Sources in the Solar Corona
Abstract:

A component of space weather, electron beams are routinely accelerated in the solar atmosphere and propagate through interplanetary space. Electron beams interact with Langmuir waves resulting in type III radio bursts. They expand along the trajectory and, using kinetic simulations, we explore the expansion as the electrons propagate away from the Sun. Specifically, we investigate the front, peak, and back of the electron beam in space from derived radio brightness temperatures of fundamental type III emission. The front of the electron beam travels at speeds from 0.2c to 0.7c, significantly faster than the back of the beam, which travels at speeds between 0.12c and 0.35c. The difference in speed between the front and the back elongates the electron beam in time. The rate of beam elonga. . .
Date: 11/2018 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: 158 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aae5d4 Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0004-637X/867/i=2/a=158?key=crossref.0069d201e36ac912893a93028da80455
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Authors: Jeffrey Natasha L. S., Hahn Michael, Savin Daniel W., and Fletcher Lyndsay
Title: Spectroscopic Measurements of the Ion Velocity Distribution at the Base of the Fast Solar Wind
Abstract:

In situ measurements of the fast solar wind reveal non-thermal distributions of electrons, protons, and minor ions extending from 0.3 au to the heliopause. The physical mechanisms responsible for these non-thermal properties and the location where these properties originate remain open questions. Here, we present spectroscopic evidence, from extreme ultraviolet spectroscopy, that the velocity distribution functions (VDFs) of minor ions are already non-Gaussian at the base of the fast solar wind in a coronal hole, at altitudes of <1.1 R . Analysis of Fe, Si, and Mg spectral lines reveals a peaked line-shape core and broad wings that can be characterized by a kappa VDF. A kappa distribution fit gives very small kappa indices off-limb of κ ≈ 1.9-2.5, indicating either (. . .
Date: 03/2018 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: L13 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aab08c Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/2041-8205/855/i=1/a=L13?key=crossref.c49731858480faecf31502cc56e0b5f3
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2017
Authors: Kong Xiangliang, Guo Fan, Giacalone Joe, Li Hui, and Chen Yao
Title: The Acceleration of High-energy Protons at Coronal Shocks: The Effect of Large-scale Streamer-like Magnetic Field Structures
Abstract:

Recent observations have shown that coronal shocks driven by coronal mass ejections can develop and accelerate particles within several solar radii in large solar energetic particle (SEP) events. Motivated by this, we present an SEP acceleration study that including the process in which a fast shock propagates through a streamer-like magnetic field with both closed and open field lines in the low corona region. The acceleration of protons is modeled by numerically solving the Parker transport equation with spatial diffusion both along and across the magnetic field. We show that particles can be sufficiently accelerated to up to several hundred MeV within 2-3 solar radii. When the shock propagates through a streamer-like magnetic field, particles are more efficiently accelerated compared. . .
Date: 12/2017 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: 38 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa97d7 Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0004-637X/851/i=1/a=38?key=crossref.2009ec10fbd1f6f8cd1462070076984f
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Authors: Park Il Heung, Lee Hyun Su, Oh Suyeon, Kwak Young-Sil, Wiedenbeck M. E., et al.
Title: Capabilities and Performance of the High-Energy Energetic-Particles Instrument for the Parker Solar Probe Mission
Abstract:

NASA’s Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft (formerly Solar Probe Plus) is scheduled for launch in July 2018 with a planned heliocentric orbit that will carry it on a series of close passes by the Sun with perihelion distances that eventually will get below 10 solar radii. Among other in-situ and imaging sensors, the PSP payload includes the two-instrument “Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun” suite, which will make coordinated measurements of energetic ions and electrons. The high-energy instrument (EPI-Hi), operating in the MeV energy range, consists of three detector-telescopes using silicon solid-state sensors for measuring composition, energy spectra, angular distributions, and time structure in solar energetic particle events. The expected performance of this instrume. . .
Date: 10/2017 Publisher: Sissa Medialab DOI: 10.22323/1.301.0016 Available at: https://pos.sissa.it/301/016
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Authors: Howes Gregory G., Klein Kristopher G., and Li Tak Chu
Title: Diagnosing collisionless energy transfer using field–particle correlations: Vlasov–Poisson plasmas
Abstract:

Turbulence plays a key role in the conversion of the energy of large-scale fields and flows to plasma heat, impacting the macroscopic evolution of the heliosphere and other astrophysical plasma systems. Although we have long been able to make direct spacecraft measurements of all aspects of the electromagnetic field and plasma fluctuations in near-Earth space, our understanding of the physical mechanisms responsible for the damping of the turbulent fluctuations in heliospheric plasmas remains incomplete. Here we propose an innovative field-particle correlation technique that can be used to measure directly the secular energy transfer from fields to particles associated with collisionless damping of the turbulent fluctuations. Furthermore, this novel procedure yields information about th. . .
Date: 02/2017 Publisher: Journal of Plasma Physics DOI: 10.1017/S0022377816001197 Available at: https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0022377816001197/type/journal_articlehttps://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/S0022377816001197
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Authors: Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, and Vasylenko A.A.
Title: Future space missions: the inner region of the Solar system
Abstract:

The paper deals with an overview of space missions to explore the inner region of the Solar System, the nearest on time of their launch, namely, Probe Plus, Solar Orbiter, BepiColombo, EXOMars, and InSight. Each of them will study either the Sun or the planet of the Earth group. Their launches are planned for 2018-2020. We describe briefly predestination and technical equipment of spacecrafts, flight plan and scientific goal of these missions.


Date: 10/2017 Publisher: Kosmìčna nauka ì tehnologìâ Pages: 73 - 80 DOI: 10.15407/knit10.15407/knit2017.0310.15407/knit2017.03.073 Available at: http://space-scitechjournal.org.ua/enhttp://space-scitechjournal.org.ua/en/archive/2017/3http://space-scitechjournal.org.ua/en/archive/2017/3/07
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Authors: Stenborg Guillermo, and Howard Russell A.
Title: A Heuristic Approach to Remove the Background Intensity on White-light Solar Images. I. STEREO /HI-1 Heliospheric Images
Abstract:

White-light coronal and heliospheric imagers observe scattering of photospheric light from both dust particles (the F-Corona) and free electrons in the corona (the K-corona). The separation of the two coronae is thus vitally important to reveal the faint K-coronal structures (e.g., streamers, co-rotating interaction regions, coronal mass ejections, etc.). However, the separation of the two coronae is very difficult, so we are content in defining a background corona that contains the F- and as little K- as possible. For both the LASCO-C2 and LASCO-C3 coronagraphs aboard the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) and the white-light imagers of the SECCHI suite aboard the Solar Terrestrial Relationships Observatory (STEREO), a time-dependent model of the background corona is generated f. . .
Date: 04/2017 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: 68 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa6a12 Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0004-637X/839/i=1/a=68?key=crossref.646085eac9cc08a12f0de51ac7dce969
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Authors: Reid Hamish A. S., and Kontar Eduard P.
Title: Langmuir wave electric fields induced by electron beams in the heliosphere
Abstract:

Solar electron beams responsible for type III radio emission generate Langmuir waves as they propagate out from the Sun. The Langmuir waves are observed via in situ electric field measurements. These Langmuir waves are not smoothly distributed but occur in discrete clumps, commonly attributed to the turbulent nature of the solar wind electron density. Exactly how the density turbulence modulates the Langmuir wave electric fields is understood only qualitatively. Using weak turbulence simulations, we investigate how solar wind density turbulence changes the probability distribution functions, mean value and variance of the beam-driven electric field distributions. Simulations show rather complicated forms of the distribution that are dependent upon how the electric fields are sampled. Ge. . .
Date: 02/2017 Publisher: Astronomy & Astrophysics Pages: A44 DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201629697 Available at: http://www.aanda.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201629697http://www.aanda.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201629697/pdf
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Authors: Hill M. E., Mitchell D. G., Andrews G. B., Cooper S. A., Gurnee R. S., et al.
Title: The Mushroom: A half-sky energetic ion and electron detector
Abstract:

We present a time-of-flight mass spectrometer design for the measurement of ions in the 30 keV to 10 MeV range for protons (up to 40 MeV and 150 MeV for He and heavy ions, respectively) and 30 keV to 1 MeV range for electrons, covering half of the sky with 80 apertures. The instrument, known as the "Mushroom," owing to its shape, solves the field of view problem for magnetospheric and heliospheric missions that employ three-axis stabilized spacecraft, yet still require extended angular coverage; the Mushroom is also compatible with a spinning spacecraft. The most important new feature of the Mushroom is the method through which uncomplicated electrostatic optics and clean position sensing combine to permit many apertures to fit into a compact, low-mass sensor head (or wedge), several of. . .
Date: 02/2017 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022614 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/2016JA022614
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Authors: Meyer-Vernet N., Issautier K., and Moncuquet M.
Title: Quasi-thermal noise spectroscopy: The art and the practice
Abstract:

Quasi-thermal noise spectroscopy is an efficient tool for measuring in situ macroscopic plasma properties in space, using a passive wave receiver at the ports of an electric antenna. This technique was pioneered on spinning spacecraft carrying very long dipole antennas in the interplanetary medium—like ISEE-3 and Ulysses—whose geometry approached a "theoretician's dream." The technique has been extended to other instruments in various types of plasmas on board different spacecraft and will be implemented on several missions in the near future. Such extensions require different theoretical modelizations, involving magnetized, drifting, or dusty plasmas with various particle velocity distributions and antennas being shorter, biased, or made of unequal wires. We give new analytical app. . .
Date: 08/2017 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Pages: 7925 - 7945 DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024449 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2017JA024449http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/wol1/doi/10.1002/2017JA024449/fullpdf
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Authors: Bernhard Germar, Petropavlovskikh Irina, and Mayer Bernhard
Title: Retrieving vertical ozone profiles from measurements of global spectral irradiance
Abstract:

A new method is presented to determine vertical ozone profiles from measurements of spectral global (direct Sun plus upper hemisphere) irradiance in the ultraviolet. The method is similar to the widely used Umkehr technique, which inverts measurements of zenith sky radiance. The procedure was applied to measurements of a high-resolution spectroradiometer installed near the centre of the Greenland ice sheet. Retrieved profiles were validated with balloon-sonde observations and ozone profiles from the space-borne Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS). Depending on altitude, the bias between retrieval results presented in this paper and MLS observations ranges between -5 and +3 %. The magnitude of this bias is comparable, if not smaller, to values reported in the literature for the standard Dobson . . .
Date: 12/2017 Publisher: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Pages: 4979 - 4994 DOI: 10.5194/amt-10-4979-2017 Available at: https://www.atmos-meas-tech.net/10/4979/2017/https://www.atmos-meas-tech.net/10/4979/2017/amt-10-4979-2017.pdf
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Authors: Pulupa M., Bale S. D., Bonnell J. W., Bowen T. A., Carruth N., et al.
Title: The solar probe plus radio frequency spectrometer: Measurement requirements, analog design, and digital signal processing
Abstract:

The Radio Frequency Spectrometer (RFS) is a two-channel digital receiver and spectrometer, which will make remote sensing observations of radio waves and in situ measurements of electrostatic and electromagnetic fluctuations in the solar wind. A part of the FIELDS suite for Solar Probe Plus (SPP), the RFS is optimized for measurements in the inner heliosphere, where solar radio bursts are more intense and the plasma frequency is higher compared to previous measurements at distances of 1 AU or greater. The inputs to the RFS receiver are the four electric antennas mounted near the front of the SPP spacecraft and a single axis of the SPP search coil magnetometer (SCM). Each RFS channel selects a monopole or dipole antenna input, or the SCM input, via multiplexers. The primary data products. . .
Date: 03/2017 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023345 Available at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/2016JA023345
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Authors: Kasper J. C., Klein K. G., Weber T., Maksimovic M., Zaslavsky A., et al.
Title: A Zone of Preferential Ion Heating Extends Tens of Solar Radii from the Sun
Abstract:

The extreme temperatures and nonthermal nature of the solar corona and solar wind arise from an unidentified physical mechanism that preferentially heats certain ion species relative to others. Spectroscopic indicators of unequal temperatures commence within a fraction of a solar radius above the surface of the Sun, but the outer reach of this mechanism has yet to be determined. Here we present an empirical procedure for combining interplanetary solar wind measurements and a modeled energy equation including Coulomb relaxation to solve for the typical outer boundary of this zone of preferential heating. Applied to two decades of observations by the Wind spacecraft, our results are consistent with preferential heating being active in a zone extending from the transition region in the low. . .
Date: 11/2017 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: 126 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa84b1 Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0004-637X/849/i=2/a=126?key=crossref.a4fda357a12d19fd2ad1aa8a3897c78f
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2016
Authors: Tracy Patrick J., Kasper Justin C., Raines Jim M., Shearer Paul, Gilbert Jason A., et al.
Title: Constraining Solar Wind Heating Processes by Kinetic Properties of Heavy Ions
Abstract:

We analyze the heavy ion components (A >4 amu ) in collisionally young solar wind plasma and show that there is a clear, stable dependence of temperature on mass, probably reflecting the conditions in the solar corona. We consider both linear and power law forms for the dependence and find that a simple linear fit of the form Ti/Tp=(1.35 ±.02 )mi/mp describes the observations twice as well as the equivalent best fit power law of the form Ti/Tp=(mi/mp) 1.07 ±.01 . Most importantly we find that current model predictions based on turbulent transport and kinetic dissipation are in agreement with observed nonthermal heating in intermediate collisional age plasma for m /q <3.5 , but are . . .
Date: 06/2016 Publisher: Physical Review Letters DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.255101 Available at: https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.255101
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Authors: Malaspina David M., Ergun Robert E., Bolton Mary, Kien Mark, Summers David, et al.
Title: The Digital Fields Board for the FIELDS instrument suite on the Solar Probe Plus mission: Analog and digital signal processing
Abstract:

The first in situ measurements of electric and magnetic fields in the near-Sun environment (< 0.25 AU from the Sun) will be made by the FIELDS instrument suite on the Solar Probe Plus mission. The Digital Fields Board (DFB) is an electronics board within FIELDS that performs analog and digital signal processing, as well as digitization, for signals between DC and 60 kHz from five voltage sensors and four search coil magnetometer channels. These nine input signals are processed on the DFB into 26 analog data streams. A specialized application-specific integrated circuit performs analog to digital conversion on all 26 analog channels simultaneously. The DFB then processes the digital data using a field programmable gate array (FPGA), generating a variety of data products, including dig. . .
Date: 06/2016 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Pages: 5088 - 5096 DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022344 Available at: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2016JA022344http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/wol1/doi/10.1002/2016JA022344/fullpdf
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Authors: Fox Nicola J., and McComas David J.
Title: Editorial: Topical Volume on Developing the Solar Probe Plus Mission
Abstract:

The Solar Probe Plus mission is a remarkable and historic step in the exploration of humankind. We have visited all of the planets and a number of other smaller moons and bodies; we have explored the magnetospheres, not just of Earth but also of all the planets; and we have explored our heliosphere and even flown a spacecraft beyond its boundary and into interstellar space itself. However, only with the launch of Solar Probe Plus will we actually visit our own star—the Sun—repeatedly traveling to within 9 solar radii (R S  RS ) of its surface (10R S  10RS heliocentric) and directly through its corona. From here, we will at long last be able to solve the key mysteries that have puzzled scientists for over 50 years: how the corona is heated and how the so. . .
Date: 12/2016 Publisher: Space Science Reviews Pages: 1 - 6 DOI: 10.1007/s11214-016-0323-7 Available at: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11214-016-0323-7http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s11214-016-0323-7.pdfhttp://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s11214-016-0323-7.pdfhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11214-016-0323-7/fulltext.html
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Authors: Brodu E., and Balat-Pichelin M.
Title: Emissivity of Boron Nitride and Metals for the Solar Probe Plus Mission
Abstract:
For application to the Solar Probe Plus mission (NASA), the behavior and the thermo-optical performance at very high temperatures (range 1100–2200 K) of candidate passive thermal control materials was assessed. On one hand, a pyrolytic boron nitride coating (130  μm 130  μm thick) was proved to be stable at high temperatures up to 2200 K in vacuum, as well as proved, via total and spectral emissivity measurements at high temperatures, to be able to effectively turn an initially selective solar absorber substrate (carbon/carbon composite) into a solar reflector. On the other hand, chemical vapor deposition coatings made of refractory metals with highly textured surfaces were proved to be able to significantly reduce the temperature of a metall. . .
Date: 11/2016 Publisher: Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets Pages: 1119 - 1127 DOI: 10.2514/1.A33453 Available at: https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/10.2514/1.A33453https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/pdf/10.2514/1.A33453
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Authors: Matthaeus H., Weygand M., and Dasso S.
Title: Ensemble Space-Time Correlation of Plasma Turbulence in the Solar Wind
Abstract:

Single point measurement turbulence cannot distinguish variations in space and time. We employ an ensemble of one- and two-point measurements in the solar wind to estimate the space-time correlation function in the comoving plasma frame. The method is illustrated using near Earth spacecraft observations, employing ACE, Geotail, IMP-8, and Wind data sets. New results include an evaluation of both correlation time and correlation length from a single method, and a new assessment of the accuracy of the familiar frozen-in flow approximation. This novel view of the space-time structure of turbulence may prove essential in exploratory space missions such as Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbiter for which the frozen-in flow hypothesis may not be a useful approximation.


Date: 06/2016 Publisher: Physical Review Letters DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.245101 Available at: https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.245101
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Authors: Klein Kristopher G., and Chandran Benjamin D. G.
Title: EVOLUTION OF THE PROTON VELOCITY DISTRIBUTION DUE TO STOCHASTIC HEATING IN THE NEAR-SUN SOLAR WIND
Abstract:

We investigate how the proton distribution function evolves when the protons undergo stochastic heating by strong, low-frequency, Alfvén-wave turbulence under the assumption that β is small. We apply our analysis to protons undergoing stochastic heating in the supersonic fast solar wind and obtain proton distributions at heliocentric distances ranging from 4 to 30 solar radii. We find that the proton distribution develops non-Gaussian structure with a flat core and steep tail. For r\gt 5 {R}{{S}}, the proton distribution is well approximated by a modified Moyal distribution. Comparisons with future measurements from Solar Probe Plus could be used to test whether stochastic heating is occurring in the solar-wind acceleration region.


Date: 03/2016 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: 47 DOI: 10.3847/0004-637X/820/1/47 Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0004-637X/820/i=1/a=47?key=crossref.3bba6a0e184137847bf77cde72a2fe1fhttp://stacks.iop.org/0004-637X/820/i=1/a=47/pdfhttp://stacks.iop.org/0004-637X/820/i=1/a=47?key=crossref.3bba6a0e184137847bf77cde72a2fe1f
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Authors: Bale S. D., Goetz K., Harvey P. R., Turin P., Bonnell J. W., et al.
Title: The FIELDS Instrument Suite for Solar Probe Plus
Abstract:

NASA's Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission will make the first in situ measurements of the solar corona and the birthplace of the solar wind. The FIELDS instrument suite on SPP will make direct measurements of electric and magnetic fields, the properties of in situ plasma waves, electron density and temperature profiles, and interplanetary radio emissions, amongst other things. Here, we describe the scientific objectives targeted by the SPP/FIELDS instrument, the instrument design itself, and the instrument concept of operations and planned data products.


Date: 12/2016 Publisher: Space Science Reviews Pages: 49 - 82 DOI: 10.1007/s11214-016-0244-5 Available at: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11214-016-0244-5http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s11214-016-0244-5.pd
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Authors: Klein K. G., and Howes G. G.
Title: MEASURING COLLISIONLESS DAMPING IN HELIOSPHERIC PLASMAS USING FIELD–PARTICLE CORRELATIONS
Abstract:

An innovative field-particle correlation technique is proposed that uses single-point measurements of the electromagnetic fields and particle velocity distribution functions to investigate the net transfer of energy from fields to particles associated with the collisionless damping of turbulent fluctuations in weakly collisional plasmas, such as the solar wind. In addition to providing a direct estimate of the local rate of energy transfer between fields and particles, it provides vital new information about the distribution of that energy transfer in velocity space. This velocity-space signature can potentially be used to identify the dominant collisionless mechanism responsible for the damping of turbulent fluctuations in the solar wind. The application of this novel field-particle co. . .
Date: 08/2016 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: L30 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8205/826/2/L30 Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/2041-8205/826/i=2/a=L30?key=crossref.1f33350dac6f20e78faa0a9e9d852985http://stacks.iop.org/2041-8205/826/i=2/a=L30/pdfhttp://stacks.iop.org/2041-8205/826/i=2/a=L30?key=crossref.1f33350dac6f20e78faa0a9e9d852985
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