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Authors: Kong Xiangliang, Guo Fan, Giacalone Joe, Li Hui, and Chen Yao
Title: The Acceleration of High-energy Protons at Coronal Shocks: The Effect of Large-scale Streamer-like Magnetic Field Structures

Recent observations have shown that coronal shocks driven by coronal mass ejections can develop and accelerate particles within several solar radii in large solar energetic particle (SEP) events. Motivated by this, we present an SEP acceleration study that including the process in which a fast shock propagates through a streamer-like magnetic field with both closed and open field lines in the low corona region. The acceleration of protons is modeled by numerically solving the Parker transport equation with spatial diffusion both along and across the magnetic field. We show that particles can be sufficiently accelerated to up to several hundred MeV within 2-3 solar radii. When the shock propagates through a streamer-like magnetic field, particles are more efficiently accelerated compared. . .
Date: 12/2017 Publisher: The Astrophysical Journal Pages: 38 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa97d7 Available at:
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Authors: Goelzer Molly L., Schwadron Nathan A., and Smith Charles W.
Title: An analysis of Alfvén radius based on sunspot number from 1749 to today

The Solar Probe Plus mission now under construction will provide the first in situ measurements from inside the orbit of Mercury. The most critical part of that mission will be measurements from inside the Alfvén radius where the Alfvén speed exceeds the wind speed and the physics of the solar wind changes fundamentally due, in part, to the multidirectionality of wave propagation. In this region waves from both sunward and antisunward of the observation point can effect the local dynamics including the turbulent evolution, heating, and acceleration of the plasma. While the location of this point can change with solar wind conditions, we ask the question of whether there is a systematic dependence on the solar cycle that moves the average Alfvén radius to different locations depending. . .
Date: 01/2014 Publisher: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Pages: 115 - 120 DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019420 Available at:
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Authors: Bastian T. S.
Title: AIP Conference ProceedingsA view from the ground: Next generation instrumentation for solar and heliospheric physics

The solar and space physics community has recently completed its second decadal survey under the auspices of the National Research Council. An integrated strategy for ground and space based studies of the Sun and space physics has been recommended, with specific recommendations made regarding new instrumentation, programs, and facilities. The ground based component of these recommendations is briefly reviewed here: the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope (ATST), the Frequency Agile Solar Radiotelescope (FASR), and the Coronal Solar Magnetism Observatory (COSMO). Although not considered as part of the decadal portfolio, but of which the community should nevertheless be aware, are the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) and the Jansky Very Large Array (VLA). Several additi. . .
Date: 07/2013 Publisher: AIP DOI: 10.1063/1.4811080 Available at:
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Authors: Case A. W., Kasper J. C., Daigneau P. S., Caldwell D., Freeman M., et al.
Title: AIP Conference ProceedingsDesigning a sun-pointing Faraday cup for solar probe plus

The NASA Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission will be the first spacecraft to pass through the sub-Alfvénic solar corona. The objectives of the mission are to trace the flow of energy that heats and accelerates the solar corona and solar wind, to determine the structure and dynamics of the plasma and magnetic fields at the sources of the solar wind, and to explore mechanisms that accelerate and transport energetic particles. The Solar Wind Electrons, Alphas, and Protons (SWEAP) Investigation instrument suite on SPP will measure the bulk solar wind conditions in the inner heliosphere. SWEAP consists of the Solar Probe Cup (SPC), a sun-pointing Faraday Cup, and the Solar Probe ANalyzers (SPAN), a set of 3 electrostatic analyzers that will reside in the penumbra of SPP's thermal protection syst. . .
Date: Publisher: AIP DOI: 10.1063/1.4811083 Available at:
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Authors: Wicks Robert T., Matteini Lorenzo, Horbury Timothy S., Hellinger Petr, and Roberts Aaron
Title: AIP Conference ProceedingsTemperature anisotropy instabilities; combining plasma and magnetic field data at different distances from the Sun

We present a new data analysis method enabling the observation of magnetic field fluctuations associated with temperature anisotropy instabilities using the Ulysses spacecraft. The movement of the spacecraft away from the Sun causes the observed plasma conditions, turbulent fluctuation amplitude, magnetic field strength and important physical scales to change. We normalize wavelet power spectra of the magnetic field using local values for the proton gyroscale and large scale magnetic field fluctuation amplitude to remove the effects of varying heliocentric distance. We recover the enhancement of magnetic fluctuations where temperature anisotropy instability growth rates are large, as seen by previous studies in the ecliptic at 1 AU. This method can be applied to any spacecraft data that. . .
Date: 07/2013 Publisher: AIP DOI: 10.1063/1.4811048 Available at:
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